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Hungary — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Hungary is 560,0001

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) in Hungary is 5.51 firearms per 100 people

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

In Hungary, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be 45,8702

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

In Hungary, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be 78,0782

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

There are reportedly 22,9632 handguns in civilian possession in Hungary

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Hungary ranked at No. 743

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Hungary ranked at No. 931

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

The number of licensed gun owners in Hungary is reported to be 84,0222

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

The rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Hungary is 0.834

Number of Registered Firearms

The number of registered guns in Hungary is reported to be 211,3003

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

The rate of registered guns per 100 people in Hungary is 2.104

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Hungary are reported to have 600,0005 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Hungary are reported to have 36,8966 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

In Hungary, annual deaths resulting from firearms total 2009: 857

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

In Hungary, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is 2009: 0.857

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Hungary, annual homicides by any means total

2011: 1428
2010: 133
2009: 139
2008: 146
2007: 154
2006: 174
2005: 164
2004: 2098 9
2003: 236
2002: 20310
2001: 254
2000: 20511
1999: 253
1998: 289
1997: 2898 12
1996: 271
1995: 296

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Hungary, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2011: 1.48
2010: 1.3
2009: 1.4
2008: 1.58 13
2007: 1.5
2006: 1.7
2005: 1.6
2004: 2.18 9 13
2003: 2.3
2002: 2.0010 13
2001: 2.49
2000: 2.0511 13
1999: 2.50
1998: 2.86
1997: 2.88 13
1996: 2.6
1995: 2.9
1994: 3.5314

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Hungary, annual firearm homicides total

2009: 1315 8
2008: 16
2007: 6
2006: 9
2005: 10
2004: 19
2003: 15
2002: 22
2001: 20
2000: 22
1999: 31
1998: 32
1997: 2715
1996: 31

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hungary, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2009: 0.1315 8
2008: 0.16
2007: 0.06
2006: 0.09
2005: 0.1
2004: 0.19
2003: 0.15
2002: 0.22
2001: 0.2
2000: 0.22
1999: 0.31
1998: 0.31
1997: 0.2615
1996: 0.3
1994: 0.2316

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn Hungary, annual handgun homicides total

2009: 115
2007: 2
2006: 3
2005: 1
2004: 13
2003: 12
2002: 9
2001: 15
2000: 15
1999: 19
1998: 21
1997: 23
1996: 23

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hungary, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2009: 0.0115
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.03
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.13
2003: 0.12
2002: 0.09
2001: 0.15
2000: 0.15
1999: 0.19
1998: 0.20
1997: 0.22
1996: 0.22

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn Hungary, annual long gun homicides total

2009: 215
2005: 3
2004: 5
2003: 2
2002: 9
2001: 4
2000: 3
1999: 6
1998: 9
1997: 2
1996: 4

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hungary, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2009: 0.0215
2005: 0.03
2004: 0.05
2003: 0.02
2002: 0.09
2001: 0.04
2000: 0.03
1999: 0.06
1998: 0.09
1997: 0.02
1996: 0.04

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Hungary, annual gun homicides (other) total

2009: 1015
2008: 16
2007: 4
2006: 6
2005: 6
2004: 1
2003: 1
2002: 4
2001: 1
2000: 4
1999: 6
1998: 2
1997: 2
1996: 4

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hungary, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2009: 0.1015
2008: 0.16
2007: 0.04
2006: 0.06
2005: 0.06
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.01
2002: 0.04
2001: 0.01
2000: 0.04
1999: 0.06
1998: 0.02
1997: 0.02
1996: 0.04

Suicides (any method)

In Hungary, annual suicides by any means total 1999: 3,32817

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Hungary, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

1999: 33.6917
1994: 35.3818

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Hungary, annual firearm suicides total

2009: 7219
2008: 77
2007: 76
2006: 69
2005: 89
2004: 91
2003: 92
2002: 98
2001: 108
2000: 86
1999: 96
1998: 98
1997: 100
1996: 108

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hungary, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2009: 0.7219
2008: 0.77
2007: 0.76
2006: 0.69
2005: 0.88
2004: 0.9
2003: 0.91
2002: 0.96
2001: 1.06
2000: 0.86
1999: 0.95
1998: 0.95
1997: 0.97
1996: 1.05
1994: 0.8820

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn Hungary, annual handgun suicides total

2009: 1219
2008: 16
2007: 14
2006: 15
2005: 18
2004: 55
2003: 43
2002: 62
2001: 59
2000: 54
1999: 55
1998: 51
1997: 60
1996: 46

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hungary, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2009: 0.1219
2008: 0.16
2007: 0.14
2006: 0.15
2005: 0.18
2004: 0.54
2003: 0.42
2002: 0.61
2001: 0.58
2000: 0.54
1999: 0.55
1998: 0.50
1997: 0.58
1996: 0.45

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn Hungary, the number of long gun suicides is

2009: 519
2008: 3
2007: 8
2006: 2
2005: 10
2004: 17
2003: 21
2002: 18
2001: 22
2000: 10
1999: 23
1998: 22
1997: 17
1996: 25

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hungary, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2009: 0.0519
2008: 0.03
2007: 0.08
2006: 0.02
2005: 0.10
2004: 0.17
2003: 0.21
2002: 0.18
2001: 0.22
2000: 0.10
1999: 0.23
1998: 0.21
1997: 0.17
1996: 0.24

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn Hungary, annual gun suicides (other) total

2009: 5519
2008: 58
2007: 54
2006: 52
2005: 61
2004: 19
2003: 28
2002: 18
2001: 27
2000: 22
1999: 18
1998: 25
1997: 23
1996: 37

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hungary, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2009: 0.5519
2008: 0.58
2007: 0.54
2006: 0.52
2005: 0.60
2004: 0.19
2003: 0.28
2002: 0.18
2001: 0.27
2000: 0.22
1999: 0.18
1998: 0.24
1997: 0.22
1996: 0.36

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Hungary, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2008: 121
2007: 4
2006: 6
2005: 5
2004: 1
2003: 3
2002: 2
2001: 4
2000: 2
1999: 1
1998: 2
1997: 9
1996: 5

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hungary, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2008: 0.0121
2007: 0.04
2006: 0.06
2005: 0.05
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.03
2002: 0.02
2001: 0.04
2000: 0.02
1999: 0.01
1998: 0.02
1997: 0.09
1996: 0.05
1994: 0.0922

Unintentional Handgun Deaths

ChartIn Hungary, annual unintentional shooting deaths by handgun total

2002: 121
2001: 1
2000: 1
1998: 1
1997: 3
1996: 5

Rate of Unintentional Handgun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hungary, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by handgun per 100,000 population is

2002: 0.0121
2001: 0.01
2000: 0.01
1998: 0.01
1997: 0.03
1996: 0.05

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn Hungary, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2007: 121
2006: 3
2005: 2
2003: 2
2002: 1
2000: 1
1999: 1
1997: 3

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hungary, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2007: 0.0121
2006: 0.03
2005: 0.02
2003: 0.02
2002: 0.01
2000: 0.01
1999: 0.01
1997: 0.03

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn Hungary, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2008: 121
2007: 3
2006: 3
2005: 3
2004: 1
2003: 1
2001: 3
1998: 1
1997: 3

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hungary, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2008: 0.0121
2007: 0.03
2006: 0.03
2005: 0.03
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.01
2001: 0.03
1998: 0.01
1997: 0.03

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Hungary, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2008: 123
2007: 1
2006: 1
2005: 1
2004: 1
2003: 2
2002: 2
2001: 4
2000: 7
1999: 1
1998: 1
1997: 5
1996: 2

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hungary, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2008: 0.0123
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.02
2002: 0.02
2001: 0.04
2000: 0.07
1999: 0.01
1998: 0.01
1997: 0.05
1996: 0.02
1994: 0.0124

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Hungary, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2006: 123
2005: 1
2004: 1
2003: 1
2002: 1
2001: 2
2000: 1
1998: 1
1997: 1
1996: 2

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hungary, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2006: 0.0123
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.01
2002: 0.01
2001: 0.02
2000: 0.01
1998: 0.01
1997: 0.01
1996: 0.02

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Hungary, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2002: 123
2001: 2
2000: 2
1999: 1
1997: 1

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hungary, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2002: 0.0123
2001: 0.02
2000: 0.02
1999: 0.01
1997: 0.01

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Hungary, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2008: 123
2007: 1
2003: 1
2000: 4
1997: 3

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hungary, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2008: 0.0123
2007: 0.01
2003: 0.01
2000: 0.04
1997: 0.03

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Hungary, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence2

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, Hungary is ranked 'medium'25

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Regulation of Firearm Exports

In Hungary, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law26 27 28 29 30 31

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Hungary is reported by Customs to be US$14,00032 (2011)

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Hungary is categorized as 'unknown'33

Regulation of Firearm Imports

In Hungary, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law26 27 28 29 30

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Hungary is reported by Customs to be US$1,423,00032 (2011)

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Hungary, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law26 34 35

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

In the most recent survey of state transparency in declaring firearm and ammunition exports among major small arms exporting nations, Hungary was ranked at No. 2136

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Hungary is categorised as restrictive37

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Hungary includes the Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons,38 39 the European Union Firearms Regulation of 2012, the Common Position on the Control of Arms Brokering of 2003,40 and the Convention of 1 July 1969 on Reciprocal Recognition of Proofmarks on Small Arms41

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Hungary are regulated by the Ministry of the Interior,2 and the European Commission39

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Hungary, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic firearms, firearms disguised as other objects, and armour-piercing, incendiary and expanding ammunition42 43

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Hungary, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited42 43

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Hungary, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted only with special authorisation44 45 43

Regulation of Handguns

In Hungary, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted only with special authorisation42 44 45 43

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Hungary, only licensed gun owners46 42 44 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Hungary are required to prove genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example, hunting, target shooting, collection, personal protection, security47

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Hungary is 18 years47

Gun Licence Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Hungary must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental and domestic violence47 records

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Hungary stipulates2 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Hungary, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required2 for a firearm licence

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Hungary are permitted to possess only ammunition suitable for the intended firearm48

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Hungary, the law requires49 50 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Hungary, licensed firearm dealers are required51 49 50 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Hungary, licensed gun makers are required51 49 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Hungary, State agencies are required52 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Hungary, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful53 45

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Hungary include2 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Hungary include2 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Hungary, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law51 54

Firearm Tracing

In Hungary, state authorities carry out55 54 50 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Hungary, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed without a permit for people in approved professions2

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

European Union

As a member of the European Union, Hungary is bound by the provisions of the ‘EU Firearms Directive’ – the 2007 Legislative Resolution on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons of the European Parliament56 57

European Union Export Reporting

Under the European Union Common Position on Arms Exports, Hungary is bound to declare its transfers of military technology and equipment. Independent monitoring provides detailed comparisons of arms export reporting compliance across EU member states, and records that Hungary has yet to submit a national report58 on its arms transfers

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 200659 by Hungary.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified60 by Hungary

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified61 by Hungary

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Hungary committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects62

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Hungary has submitted one or more national reports63 64 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Hungary, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated65 64

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Hungary, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated65

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Hungary submitted to the UN, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities is not apparent65 64

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated64 by Hungary to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Hungary has declared66 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Hungary has been a Member State of the United Nations since 195567

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies lists68 Hungary as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Hungary, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Hungary ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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