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Hungary — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Hungary is 560,0001

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) in Hungary is 5.51 firearms per 100 people

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

In Hungary, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be 45,8702

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

In Hungary, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be 78,0782

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

In Hungary, the number of handguns in civilian possession is reported to be 22,9632

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Hungary ranked at No. 743

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Hungary ranked at No. 931

Proportion of Households with Firearms

In Hungary, the percentage of households with one or more guns is reported to be

2004/05: 10.4%4

Proportion of Households with Handguns

In Hungary, the percentage of households with one or more handguns is reported to be

2004/05: 2.2%4

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

The number of licensed gun owners in Hungary is reported to be 84,0222

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

The rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Hungary is 0.835

Number of Registered Firearms

The number of registered guns in Hungary is reported to be 211,3001

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

The rate of registered guns per 100 people in Hungary is 2.105

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Hungary are reported to have 600,0006 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Hungary are reported to have 36,8967 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Hungary, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2012: 958 9 10 11
2011: 91
2010: 95
2009: 8512
2008: 958 9 10 11
2007: 87
2006: 85
2005: 105
2004: 112
2003: 112
2002: 124
2001: 136
2000: 117
1999: 129
1998: 133
1997: 141
1996: 146

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hungary, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.955
2011: 0.91
2010: 0.95
2009: 0.8512
2008: 0.955
2007: 0.87
2006: 0.85
2005: 1.04
2004: 1.11
2003: 1.11
2002: 1.23
2001: 1.34
2000: 1.15
1999: 1.27
1998: 1.30
1997: 1.38
1996: 1.42

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Hungary, annual homicides by any means total

2012: 13213
2011: 14213 14
2010: 133
2009: 139
2008: 146
2007: 154
2006: 174
2005: 164
2004: 20913 14 15
2003: 228
2002: 20313 16
2001: 254
2000: 20513 17
1999: 25317
1998: 289
1997: 28914 18
1996: 271
1995: 296

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Hungary, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2012: 1.313
2011: 1.413 14
2010: 1.3
2009: 1.4
2008: 1.513 14 19
2007: 1.5
2006: 1.7
2005: 1.6
2004: 2.113 14 15 19
2003: 2.2
2002: 2.013 16 19
2001: 2.5
2000: 2.013 17 19
1999: 2.5017 19
1998: 2.86
1997: 2.814 19
1996: 2.6
1995: 2.9
1994: 3.5320

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Hungary, annual firearm homicides total

2012: 118 13
2011: 6
2010: 10
2009: 138 13 14
2008: 16
2007: 6
2006: 9
2005: 10
2004: 198 14
2003: 15
2002: 22
2001: 20
2000: 22
1999: 31
1998: 32
1997: 278
1996: 31

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hungary, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.118 5
2011: 0.06
2010: 0.10
2009: 0.138 5 14
2008: 0.16
2007: 0.06
2006: 0.09
2005: 0.1
2004: 0.198 14
2003: 0.15
2002: 0.22
2001: 0.2
2000: 0.22
1999: 0.31
1998: 0.31
1997: 0.268
1996: 0.3
1994: 0.2321

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Hungary, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2012: 7%13
2011: 9%
2010: 11%
2009: 5%
2008: 8%
2007: 8%
2006: 6%
2005: 14%
2004: 5.3%14
2003: 9.3%
2002: 18.7%
2001: 12.6%
2000: 21.5%
1999: 19.0%
1998: 14.2%

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn Hungary, annual handgun homicides total

2012: 48
2011: 1
2010: 4
2009: 1
2007: 2
2006: 3
2005: 1
2004: 13
2003: 12
2002: 9
2001: 15
2000: 15
1999: 19
1998: 21
1997: 23
1996: 23

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hungary, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.048
2011: 0.01
2010: 0.04
2009: 0.01
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.03
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.13
2003: 0.12
2002: 0.09
2001: 0.15
2000: 0.15
1999: 0.19
1998: 0.20
1997: 0.22
1996: 0.22

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn Hungary, annual long gun homicides total

2009: 28
2005: 3
2004: 5
2003: 2
2002: 9
2001: 4
2000: 3
1999: 6
1998: 9
1997: 2
1996: 4

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hungary, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2009: 0.028
2005: 0.03
2004: 0.05
2003: 0.02
2002: 0.09
2001: 0.04
2000: 0.03
1999: 0.06
1998: 0.09
1997: 0.02
1996: 0.04

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Hungary, annual gun homicides (other) total

2012: 78
2011: 5
2010: 6
2009: 10
2008: 16
2007: 4
2006: 6
2005: 6
2004: 1
2003: 1
2002: 4
2001: 1
2000: 4
1999: 6
1998: 2
1997: 2
1996: 4

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hungary, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.078
2011: 0.05
2010: 0.06
2009: 0.10
2008: 0.16
2007: 0.04
2006: 0.06
2005: 0.06
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.01
2002: 0.04
2001: 0.01
2000: 0.04
1999: 0.06
1998: 0.02
1997: 0.02
1996: 0.04

Suicides (any method)

In Hungary, annual suicides by any means total

1999: 3,32822

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Hungary, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

1999: 33.6922
1994: 35.3823

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Hungary, annual firearm suicides total

2012: 809
2011: 83
2010: 83
2009: 72
2008: 77
2007: 76
2006: 69
2005: 89
2004: 91
2003: 92
2002: 98
2001: 108
2000: 86
1999: 96
1998: 98
1997: 100
1996: 108

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hungary, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.819
2011: 0.83
2010: 0.83
2009: 0.72
2008: 0.77
2007: 0.76
2006: 0.69
2005: 0.88
2004: 0.9
2003: 0.91
2002: 0.96
2001: 1.06
2000: 0.86
1999: 0.95
1998: 0.95
1997: 0.97
1996: 1.05
1994: 0.8824

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn Hungary, annual handgun suicides total

2012: 229
2011: 21
2010: 17
2009: 12
2008: 16
2007: 14
2006: 15
2005: 18
2004: 55
2003: 43
2002: 62
2001: 59
2000: 54
1999: 55
1998: 51
1997: 60
1996: 46

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hungary, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.229
2011: 0.21
2010: 0.17
2009: 0.12
2008: 0.16
2007: 0.14
2006: 0.15
2005: 0.18
2004: 0.54
2003: 0.42
2002: 0.61
2001: 0.58
2000: 0.54
1999: 0.55
1998: 0.50
1997: 0.58
1996: 0.45

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn Hungary, the number of long gun suicides is

2012: 89
2011: 15
2010: 9
2009: 5
2008: 3
2007: 8
2006: 2
2005: 10
2004: 17
2003: 21
2002: 18
2001: 22
2000: 10
1999: 23
1998: 22
1997: 17
1996: 25

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hungary, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.089
2011: 0.15
2010: 0.09
2009: 0.05
2008: 0.03
2007: 0.08
2006: 0.02
2005: 0.10
2004: 0.17
2003: 0.21
2002: 0.18
2001: 0.22
2000: 0.10
1999: 0.23
1998: 0.21
1997: 0.17
1996: 0.24

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn Hungary, annual gun suicides (other) total

2012: 509
2011: 47
2010: 57
2009: 55
2008: 58
2007: 54
2006: 52
2005: 61
2004: 19
2003: 28
2002: 18
2001: 27
2000: 22
1999: 18
1998: 25
1997: 23
1996: 37

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hungary, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.509
2011: 0.47
2010: 0.57
2009: 0.55
2008: 0.58
2007: 0.54
2006: 0.52
2005: 0.60
2004: 0.19
2003: 0.28
2002: 0.18
2001: 0.27
2000: 0.22
1999: 0.18
1998: 0.24
1997: 0.22
1996: 0.36

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Hungary, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2012: 210
2011: 1
2010: 1
2008: 1
2007: 4
2006: 6
2005: 5
2004: 1
2003: 3
2002: 2
2001: 4
2000: 2
1999: 1
1998: 2
1997: 9
1996: 5

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hungary, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.0210
2011: 0.01
2010: 0.01
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.04
2006: 0.06
2005: 0.05
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.03
2002: 0.02
2001: 0.04
2000: 0.02
1999: 0.01
1998: 0.02
1997: 0.09
1996: 0.05
1994: 0.0925

Unintentional Handgun Deaths

ChartIn Hungary, annual unintentional shooting deaths by handgun total

2002: 110
2001: 1
2000: 1
1998: 1
1997: 3
1996: 5

Rate of Unintentional Handgun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hungary, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by handgun per 100,000 population is

2002: 0.0110
2001: 0.01
2000: 0.01
1998: 0.01
1997: 0.03
1996: 0.05

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn Hungary, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2012: 110
2011: 1
2007: 1
2006: 3
2005: 2
2003: 2
2002: 1
2000: 1
1999: 1
1997: 3

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hungary, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.0110
2011: 0.01
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.03
2005: 0.02
2003: 0.02
2002: 0.01
2000: 0.01
1999: 0.01
1997: 0.03

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn Hungary, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2012: 110
2010: 1
2008: 1
2007: 3
2006: 3
2005: 3
2004: 1
2003: 1
2001: 3
1998: 1
1997: 3

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hungary, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.0110
2010: 0.01
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.03
2006: 0.03
2005: 0.03
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.01
2001: 0.03
1998: 0.01
1997: 0.03

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Hungary, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2012: 211
2011: 1
2010: 1
2008: 1
2007: 1
2006: 1
2005: 1
2004: 1
2003: 2
2002: 2
2001: 4
2000: 7
1999: 1
1998: 1
1997: 5
1996: 2

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hungary, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.0211
2011: 0.01
2010: 0.01
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.02
2002: 0.02
2001: 0.04
2000: 0.07
1999: 0.01
1998: 0.01
1997: 0.05
1996: 0.02
1994: 0.0126

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Hungary, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2006: 111
2005: 1
2004: 1
2003: 1
2002: 1
2001: 2
2000: 1
1998: 1
1997: 1
1996: 2

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hungary, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2006: 0.0111
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.01
2002: 0.01
2001: 0.02
2000: 0.01
1998: 0.01
1997: 0.01
1996: 0.02

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Hungary, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2002: 111
2001: 2
2000: 2
1999: 1
1997: 1

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hungary, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2002: 0.0111
2001: 0.02
2000: 0.02
1999: 0.01
1997: 0.01

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Hungary, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2012: 211
2011: 1
2010: 1
2008: 1
2007: 1
2003: 1
2000: 4
1997: 3

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hungary, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.0211
2011: 0.01
2010: 0.01
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.01
2003: 0.01
2000: 0.04
1997: 0.03

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Hungary, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence2

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, Hungary was ranked 'medium'27

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Regulation of Firearm Exports

In Hungary, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law28 29 30 31 32 33

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Hungary is reported by Customs to be US$14,00034 (2011)35 36

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Hungary was categorized as 'major'37 38 39

Regulation of Firearm Imports

In Hungary, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law28 29 30 31 32

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Hungary is reported by Customs to be US$1,423,00034 (2011)40

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Hungary, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law28 41 42

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

ChartIn its annual Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer, the Small Arms Survey compares public reporting among major arms exporting nations on a scale from strong to weak (25 to zero). In recent years, Hungary scored

2014: 11.0043
2013: 13.7544
2012: 12.5045
2011: 11.0046
2010: 11.7547
2009: 11.0048
2008: 13.5049
2007: 8.5050
2006: 11.0051
2005: 6.0052
2004: 5.0053

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Hungary is categorised as restrictive54

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Hungary includes the Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons,55 56 the European Union Firearms Regulation of 2012, the Common Position on the Control of Arms Brokering of 2003,57 and the Convention of 1 July 1969 on Reciprocal Recognition of Proofmarks on Small Arms58

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Hungary are regulated by the Ministry of the Interior,2 and the European Commission56

Right to Possess Firearms

In Hungary, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law59 60

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Hungary, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic firearms, firearms disguised as other objects, and armour-piercing, incendiary and expanding ammunition61 62

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Hungary, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited61 62

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Hungary, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted only with special authorisation63 64 62

Regulation of Handguns

In Hungary, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted only with special authorisation61 63 64 62

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Hungary, only licensed gun owners65 61 63 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Hungary are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, target shooting, collection, personal protection, security66

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Hungary is 18 years66

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Hungary must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental health and domestic violence66 records

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Hungary stipulates2 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Hungary, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required2 for a firearm licence

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Hungary are permitted to possess only ammunition suitable for the intended firearm67

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Hungary, the law requires68 69 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Hungary, licensed firearm dealers are required70 68 69 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Hungary, licensed gun makers are required70 68 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Hungary, State agencies are required71 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Hungary, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful72 64

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Hungary include2 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Hungary include2 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Hungary, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law70 73

Firearm Tracing

In Hungary, state authorities carry out74 73 69 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Hungary, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed without a permit for people in approved professions2

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

European Union

As a member of the European Union, Hungary is bound by the provisions of the ‘EU Firearms Directive’ – the 2007 Legislative Resolution on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons of the European Parliament75 76

European Union Export Reporting

Under the European Union Common Position on Arms Exports, Hungary is bound to declare its transfers of military technology and equipment. Independent monitoring provides detailed comparisons of arms export reporting compliance across EU member states, and records that Hungary has submitted one or more national reports77 on its arms transfers

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 200678 by Hungary.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified79 by Hungary

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified80 by Hungary

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Hungary committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects81

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Hungary against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 682 83 84 85 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Hungary has submitted one or more national reports86 87 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Hungary, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated88 87

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Hungary, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated88

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Hungary submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was not apparent88 87

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated87 by Hungary to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Hungary has declared89 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Hungary has been a Member State of the United Nations since 195590

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies lists91 Hungary as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Hungary, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Hungary ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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van Dijk, Jan, John van Kesteren and Paul Smit.2007.‘Ownership of Firearms and Handguns in Countries and Main Cities (percentages): 1989-2005 ICVS and 2005 EU ICS.’ Criminal Victimisation in International Perspective: Key findings from the 2004-2005 ICVS and EU ICS.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime / UNODC,1 January. (Q11803)Full Citation

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