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Hong Kong — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Hong Kong, annual homicides by any means total

2011: 171
2010: 35
2009: 47
2008: 37
2007: 21
2006: 36
2005: 34
2004: 451 2
2003: 52
2002: 691
2001: 66
2000: 383
1999: 58
1998: 63
1997: 1004
1996: 73
1995: 73

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Hong Kong, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.21
2010: 0.5
2009: 0.7
2008: 0.5
2007: 0.3
2006: 0.5
2005: 0.5
2004: 0.71 2
2003: 0.8
2002: 1.01
2001: 1.0
2000: 0.563 1
1999: 0.86
1998: 0.95
1997: 1.544 1
1996: 1.16
1995: 1.19
1993: 1.235

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Hong Kong, annual firearm homicides total

2004: 02
2003: 3
2000: 13
1997: 24
1996: 4
1995: 3

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hong Kong, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2004: 0.002
2003: 0.04
2000: 0.013
1997: 0.034
1996: 0.06
1995: 0.05
1993: 0.126

Suicides (any method)

In Hong Kong, annual suicides by any means total 1999: 8727

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Hong Kong, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

1999: 12.377
1993: 10.298

Gun Suicides

In Hong Kong, annual firearm suicides total 1999: 27

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hong Kong, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

1999: 0.037
1993: 0.079

Unintentional Gun Deaths

In Hong Kong, annual unintentional shooting deaths total 1996: 07

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hong Kong, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

1996: 0.007
1993: 0.0010

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

In Hong Kong, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total 1996: 07

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hong Kong, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

1996: 0.007
1993: 0.0011

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Regulation of Firearm Exports

In Hong Kong, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law12

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Hong Kong is reported by Customs to be US$013 (2011)

Regulation of Firearm Imports

In Hong Kong, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law12

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Hong Kong is reported by Customs to be US$1,478,85913 (2011)

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Hong Kong includes the Firearms and Ammunition Ordinance14

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Hong Kong are regulated by the Department of Justice15

Right to Possess Firearms

In Hong Kong, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law16

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Hong Kong, only licensed gun owners14 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Firearm Safety Training

In Hong Kong, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required14 for a firearm licence

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Hong Kong, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful14

MeasuresInternational Controls

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Hong Kong is not a Member State of the United Nations

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list17 Hong Kong as a Participating State


Short References

1.

UNODC.2013.‘Homicide in 207 Countries - Hong Kong.’ Global Study on Homicide 2011: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,26 June. (Q6319)Full Citation

2.

UNODC.2006.‘Reported Overall Homicide Numbers and Rates per 100,000 Population for 64 Countries, 2003-04.’ Ninth United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (2003 – 2004).Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,10 December. (Q9)Full Citation

3.

UNODC.2004.‘Recorded Intentional Homicide, Completed.’ Seventh United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (1998-2000).Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,19 March. (Q91)Full Citation

4.

UNODC.2001.‘Hong Kong: Total Recorded Intentional Homicides (Completed) and Total Recorded Intentional Homicides Committed With a Firearm.’ Sixth United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems, covering the period 1995-1997.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,27 June. (Q1334)Full Citation

5.

Krug, E G, K E Powell and L L Dahlberg.1998.‘Firearm-Related Deaths in the United States and 35 Other High- and Upper-Middle-Income Countries.’ International Journal of Epidemiology.Atlanta:National Centre for Injury Prevention & Control, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention / CDC,16 April. (Q1301)Full Citation

6.

Krug, E G, K E Powell and L L Dahlberg.1998.‘Firearm-Related Deaths in the United States and 35 Other High- and Upper-Middle-Income Countries.’ International Journal of Epidemiology.Atlanta:National Centre for Injury Prevention & Control, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention / CDC,16 April. (Q1297)Full Citation

7.

Jackson, Thomas.2005.‘Global Gun Deaths.’ NISAT Firearm Mortality Database 2005.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,1 January. (Q12)Full Citation

8.

Krug, E G, K E Powell and L L Dahlberg.1998.‘Firearm-Related Deaths in the United States and 35 Other High- and Upper-Middle-Income Countries.’ International Journal of Epidemiology.Atlanta:National Centre for Injury Prevention & Control, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention / CDC,16 April. (Q1302)Full Citation

9.

Krug, E G, K E Powell and L L Dahlberg.1998.‘Firearm-Related Deaths in the United States and 35 Other High- and Upper-Middle-Income Countries.’ International Journal of Epidemiology.Atlanta:National Centre for Injury Prevention & Control, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention / CDC,16 April. (Q1298)Full Citation

10.

Krug, E G, K E Powell and L L Dahlberg.1998.‘Firearm-Related Deaths in the United States and 35 Other High- and Upper-Middle-Income Countries.’ International Journal of Epidemiology.Atlanta:National Centre for Injury Prevention & Control, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention / CDC,16 April. (Q1299)Full Citation

11.

Krug, E G, K E Powell and L L Dahlberg.1998.‘Firearm-Related Deaths in the United States and 35 Other High- and Upper-Middle-Income Countries.’ International Journal of Epidemiology.Atlanta:National Centre for Injury Prevention & Control, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention / CDC,16 April. (Q1300)Full Citation

12.

IANSA.2006.‘Reviewing Action on Small Arms 2006: Assessing the first five years of the UN Programme of Action.’ Biting the Bullet 'Red Book' 2006.New York:International Action Network on Small Arms and the Biting the Bullet project,26 June. (Q82)Full Citation

13.

Marsh, Nicholas.2013.‘Database of Authorised Transfers of Small Arms and Light Weapons.’ NISAT Small Arms Trade Database.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,14 February. (Q16)Full Citation

14.

Hong Kong.1999.‘Tighter Controls on Arms and Ammunition Proposed.’ HKGIS Daily Information Bulletin.Hong Kong:Hong Kong Government Information Service,15 January. (Q1368)Full Citation

15.

Hong Kong.1997.‘Firearms and Ammunition Regulations 1997.’ Bilingual Laws Information System (BLIS).Hong Kong:Department of Justice,30 June. (Q1369)Full Citation

16.

Sherman, Amy and Tom Ginsburg.2014.‘Gun Rights in National Constitutions.’ Marco Rubio Says Second Amendment Is Unique in Speech to NRA.Miami FL:Miami Herald (PolitiFact Florida),29 April. (Q8507)Full Citation

17.

Wassenaar Arrangement.1996.‘Introduction: Participating States.’ Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies.Vienna:Wassenaar Secretariat,12 July. (Q19)Full Citation