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Armed violence prevention, gun control laws and the small arms trade:

Hong Kong — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Hong Kong, annual homicides by any means total

2012: 271
2011: 171 2
2010: 35
2009: 47
2008: 36
2007: 18
2006: 35
2005: 34
2004: 451 2 3
2003: 52
2002: 691 2
2001: 66
2000: 381 4
1999: 584
1998: 63
1997: 1005
1996: 73
1995: 73

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Hong Kong, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.41
2011: 0.21 2
2010: 0.5
2009: 0.7
2008: 0.5
2007: 0.3
2006: 0.5
2005: 0.5
2004: 0.71 2 3
2003: 0.8
2002: 1.01 2
2001: 1.0
2000: 0.61 4 2
1999: 0.864 2
1998: 0.95
1997: 1.545 2
1996: 1.16
1995: 1.19
1993: 1.236

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Hong Kong, annual firearm homicides total

2010: 01
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 1
2005: 1
2004: 03
2003: 3
2000: 14
1997: 25
1996: 4
1995: 3

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hong Kong, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.007
2009: 0.00
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.003
2003: 0.04
2000: 0.014
1997: 0.035
1996: 0.06
1995: 0.05
1993: 0.128

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Hong Kong, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2010: 0%1
2009: 0%
2008: 0%
2007: 0%
2006: 3%
2005: 3%

Suicides (any method)

In Hong Kong, annual suicides by any means total

1999: 8729

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Hong Kong, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

1999: 12.379
1993: 10.2910

Gun Suicides

In Hong Kong, annual firearm suicides total

1999: 29

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hong Kong, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

1999: 0.039
1993: 0.0711

Unintentional Gun Deaths

In Hong Kong, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

1996: 09

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hong Kong, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

1996: 0.009
1993: 0.0012

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

In Hong Kong, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

1996: 09

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Hong Kong, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

1996: 0.009
1993: 0.0013

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Regulation of Firearm Exports

In Hong Kong, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law14

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Hong Kong is reported by Customs to be US$015 (2011)

Regulation of Firearm Imports

In Hong Kong, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law14

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Hong Kong is reported by Customs to be US$1,478,85915 (2011)

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Hong Kong includes the Firearms and Ammunition Ordinance16

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Hong Kong are regulated by the Department of Justice17

Right to Possess Firearms

In Hong Kong, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law18

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Hong Kong, only licensed gun owners16 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Firearm Safety Training

In Hong Kong, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required16 for a firearm licence

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Hong Kong, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful16

MeasuresInternational Controls

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Hong Kong is not a Member State of the United Nations19

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list20 Hong Kong as a Participating State


Short References

1.

UNODC.2014.‘Homicides and Gun Homicides in Hong Kong.’ Global Study on Homicide 2013: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC),10 April. (Q10255)Full Citation

2.

UNODC.2013.‘Homicide in 207 Countries - Hong Kong.’ Global Study on Homicide 2011: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,26 June. (Q6319)Full Citation

3.

UNODC.2006.‘Reported Overall Homicide Numbers and Rates per 100,000 Population for 64 Countries, 2003-04.’ Ninth United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (2003 - 2004).Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,10 December. (Q9)Full Citation

4.

UNODC.2004.‘Recorded Intentional Homicide, Completed.’ Seventh United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (1998-2000).Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,19 March. (Q91)Full Citation

5.

UNODC.2001.‘Hong Kong: Total Recorded Intentional Homicides (Completed) and Total Recorded Intentional Homicides Committed With a Firearm.’ Sixth United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems, covering the period 1995-1997.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,27 June. (Q1334)Full Citation

6.

Krug, E G, K E Powell and L L Dahlberg.1998.‘Firearm-Related Deaths in the United States and 35 Other High- and Upper-Middle-Income Countries.’ International Journal of Epidemiology.Atlanta:National Centre for Injury Prevention & Control, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention / CDC,16 April. (Q1301)Full Citation

7.

GunPolicy.org.2015.‘Calculated Rates - Hong Kong.’ Historical Population Data - USCB International Data Base.Suitland, MD:US Census Bureau Population Division,10 June. (Q10285)Full Citation

8.

Krug, E G, K E Powell and L L Dahlberg.1998.‘Firearm-Related Deaths in the United States and 35 Other High- and Upper-Middle-Income Countries.’ International Journal of Epidemiology.Atlanta:National Centre for Injury Prevention & Control, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention / CDC,16 April. (Q1297)Full Citation

9.

Jackson, Thomas.2005.‘Global Gun Deaths.’ NISAT Firearm Mortality Database 2005.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,1 January. (Q12)Full Citation

10.

Krug, E G, K E Powell and L L Dahlberg.1998.‘Firearm-Related Deaths in the United States and 35 Other High- and Upper-Middle-Income Countries.’ International Journal of Epidemiology.Atlanta:National Centre for Injury Prevention & Control, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention / CDC,16 April. (Q1302)Full Citation

11.

Krug, E G, K E Powell and L L Dahlberg.1998.‘Firearm-Related Deaths in the United States and 35 Other High- and Upper-Middle-Income Countries.’ International Journal of Epidemiology.Atlanta:National Centre for Injury Prevention & Control, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention / CDC,16 April. (Q1298)Full Citation

12.

Krug, E G, K E Powell and L L Dahlberg.1998.‘Firearm-Related Deaths in the United States and 35 Other High- and Upper-Middle-Income Countries.’ International Journal of Epidemiology.Atlanta:National Centre for Injury Prevention & Control, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention / CDC,16 April. (Q1299)Full Citation

13.

Krug, E G, K E Powell and L L Dahlberg.1998.‘Firearm-Related Deaths in the United States and 35 Other High- and Upper-Middle-Income Countries.’ International Journal of Epidemiology.Atlanta:National Centre for Injury Prevention & Control, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention / CDC,16 April. (Q1300)Full Citation

14.

IANSA.2006.‘Reviewing Action on Small Arms 2006: Assessing the first five years of the UN Programme of Action.’ Biting the Bullet 'Red Book' 2006.New York, NY:International Action Network on Small Arms and the Biting the Bullet project,26 June. (Q82)Full Citation

15.

Marsh, Nicholas.2014.‘Database of Authorised Transfers of Small Arms and Light Weapons.’ NISAT Small Arms Trade Database.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,22 December. (Q16)Full Citation

16.

Hong Kong.1999.‘Tighter Controls on Arms and Ammunition Proposed.’ HKGIS Daily Information Bulletin.Hong Kong:Hong Kong Government Information Service,15 January. (Q1368)Full Citation

17.

Hong Kong.1997.‘Firearms and Ammunition Regulations 1997.’ Bilingual Laws Information System (BLIS).Hong Kong:Department of Justice,30 June. (Q1369)Full Citation

18.

Sherman, Amy and Tom Ginsburg.2014.‘Gun Rights in National Constitutions.’ Marco Rubio Says Second Amendment Is Unique in Speech to NRA.Miami, FL:Miami Herald (PolitiFact Florida),29 April. (Q8507)Full Citation

19.

UN.2013.‘Member States of the United Nations.’ UN.org Web Site.New York, NY:United Nations General Assembly,7 April. (Q290)Full Citation

20.

Wassenaar Arrangement.1996.‘Introduction: Participating States.’ Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies.Vienna:Wassenaar Secretariat,12 July. (Q19)Full Citation