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Honduras — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Honduras is 850,0001 2 3 4

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) in Honduras is 9.91 2 firearms per 100 people

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Honduras ranked at No. 815

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Honduras ranked at No. 882

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Honduras is reported to be

2014: 801,0034
2012: 280,3056
2011: 258,0007 3
2008: 208,8018
2006: 151,0039 10 11

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in Honduras is

2014: 9.3212
2012: 3.38
2011: 3.17
2008: 2.72
2006: 2.159 12

Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Honduras there are estimated to be between 420,000 and 900,0006 13 3 4

Estimated Rate of Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Honduras there are estimated to be between 5.06 and 10.8512 illicit firearms per 100 people

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Honduras are reported to have 92,00014 15 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Honduras are reported to have 23,00014 11 16 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Honduras, annual homicides by any means total

2015: 5,14617
2014: 5,93618
2013: 6,75719 18
2012: 7,17219 18 20 21 22
2011: 7,10418 20 23 24
2010: 6,23918 20 23 24 25
2009: 5,265
2008: 4,473
2007: 3,262
2006: 3,018
2005: 2,41718 20 23 11 24 25
2004: 3,63920 23 24 25
2003: 4,073
2002: 3,623
2001: 3,488
2000: 3,176
1999: 2,56323

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Honduras, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 60.017
2014: 68.018
2013: 79.012 18
2012: 85.517 12 18 20 21 22
2011: 86.4718 20 23 24
2010: 77.5418 20 23 24 25
2009: 66.84
2008: 57.89
2007: 49.91
2006: 46.18
2005: 36.9818 20 11 23 24 25
2004: 53.820 23 24 25
2003: 61.4
2002: 55.8
2001: 54.8
2000: 50.9
1999: 42.123
1995: 28.8026

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Honduras, annual firearm homicides total

2013: 5,63018 19
2012: 5,98018
2011: 6,00918 20
2010: 5,20118 20 23 27
2009: 4,27720 23 27
2008: 3,519
2007: 2,69223 27
2006: 2,359
2005: 1,836
1999: 1,67728
1998: 2,000
1997: 2,182
1996: 1,655
1995: 1,504

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Honduras, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 66.6412
2012: 72.08
2011: 73.79
2010: 65.1012 23 27
2009: 54.60
2008: 45.85
2007: 37.623 27 25
2006: 33.623 27
2005: 26.7
1999: 27.0912
1998: 33.12
1997: 37.14
1996: 28.97
1995: 27.10

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Honduras, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2013: 83%18
2012: 83%18 21
2011: 85%18 20
2010: 84%
2009: 81%20
2008: 79%
2007: 75.0%23
2006: 78.2%
2005: 76.0%

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Honduras, annual suicides by any means total

2013: 28219
2012: 322
2005: 25411

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Honduras, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2013: 3.3412
2012: 3.88
2005: 3.53

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Honduras, annual firearm suicides total

2013: 3519
2012: 54

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Honduras, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.4112
2012: 0.65

Unintentional Gun Deaths

In Honduras, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2013: 1119

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

In Honduras, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.1312

Non-fatal Gun Injuries

ChartIn Honduras, the annual number of non-fatal firearm injuries is

1999: 1,24428
1998: 1,427
1997: 2,009
1996: 1,130
1995: 1,235

Rate of Non-fatal Gun Injury per 100,000 People

ChartIn Honduras, the annual rate of non-fatal firearm injury per 100,000 population is

1999: 20.0912
1998: 23.63
1997: 34.20
1996: 19.78
1995: 22.25

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Honduras, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence,29 30 31 but is not conducted in practice32 11

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Regulation of Firearm Exports

In Honduras, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law33 34 35 36

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Honduras is reported by Customs to be US$5,78037 (2011)

Regulation of Firearm Imports

In Honduras, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law29 38 39 40 34 35 11 36

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Honduras is reported by Customs to be US$13,057,90637 (2011)41

Firearm Imports (Number) - Customs

The annual number of firearms imported to Honduras is reported to be 8,7188 (2006-08)

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Honduras is high42

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Honduras, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are regulated by law43 36 44

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Honduras include33 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Honduras is categorised as permissive45

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Honduras includes the Act on the Control of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials (Decree 30 of 2000),46 35 its Regulation (Executive Agreement No. MD-004-2005), and the Regulation of La Armeria [the Armoury] (Resolution No. 921 of August 30, 1984)3 40

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Honduras are regulated by the Ministry of Defence, the Ministry of Security,47 48 and the Police49 50 11

Right to Possess Firearms

In Honduras, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by the Constitution,51 52 53 but is conditionally guaranteed in statute law54 55

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Honduras, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic weapons, home-made firearms, armour-piercing ammunition,56 57 long guns with shortened barrels,58 and military explosives59

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Honduras, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited56 21

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Honduras, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted under licence60

Regulation of Handguns

In Honduras, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence60 61 21

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Honduras, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law60 21

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Honduras, only licensed gun owners55 54 62 63 64 65 48 21 3 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Honduras must pass a background check which considers undefined55 21 records

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Honduras, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every four years66 48

Licensing Records

In Honduras, authorities maintain a record49 67 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Honduras are permitted to possess up to five firearms62 55 48

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Honduras, the law requires49 62 65 67 48 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Honduras, licensed firearm dealers are required62 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Honduras, State agencies are required68 67 69 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Honduras, the private sale and transfer of firearms is permitted70 71

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Honduras, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful29 43 62 72 39

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Honduras include68 69 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Honduras, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law55 73 67 48

Firearm Tracing

In Honduras, state authorities carry out67 48 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Honduras, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are49 62 55 11 recorded in a register

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Honduras, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is prohibited74 55 75 21

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Honduras, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit74 55 75 21

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Honduras, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm76 is seizure of the firearm and a fine64 77 78 79 80 81 82

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in Honduras are known to have48 83 84 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Surrendered in Gun Amnesty

In Honduras, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered in recent arms amnesty and collection programmes is reported to be 17,88385 (1989-2002 with Nicaragua)

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Honduras, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2014: 3,39286
2010/12: 2,26222
2006/08: 14,8508
2004: 2,71787
2003: 2,46711 3
2000/06: 2,632

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn Honduras, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2014: 5,00088
2013: 3,00089
2006/08: 2,0008

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Honduras, it is not state policy64 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

Central American Integration System

As a member of the Central American Integration System (SICA), Honduras is party to the 2007 Central American Programme on Small Arms Control and the Code of Conduct of Central American States on the Transfer of Arms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Material90

Organization of American States

On 14 November 1997, as a member of the Organisation of American States (OAS), Honduras adopted the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Explosives, Ammunition and Other Related Materials (CIFTA), a legally binding multilateral treaty of which the OAS is depository. The CIFTA Convention has since been signed and ratified91 92 by Honduras

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 200693 by Honduras.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has been signed, but not yet ratified94 by Honduras

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified95 by Honduras

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Honduras committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects96

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Honduras against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 8597 98 99 100 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Honduras has submitted one or more national reports101 102 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Honduras, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated103 102

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Honduras, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated102

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated102 by Honduras to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided102 to Honduras by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Honduras has not declared104 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Honduras has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1945105

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list106 Honduras as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Honduras, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Honduras ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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