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Honduras — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Honduras is 500,0001

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) in Honduras is 6.21 firearms per 100 people

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Honduras ranked at No. 812

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Honduras ranked at No. 881

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Honduras is reported to be

2012: 280,3053
2006: 151,0034

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in Honduras is

2012: 3.385
2006: 2.055

Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Honduras there are estimated to be between 420,0003 and 850,0006

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Honduras are reported to have 131,4807 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Honduras are reported to have 27,4068 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Honduras, annual homicides by any means total

2012: 7,0009
2011: 7,10410
2010: 6,23611 10
2009: 4,996
2008: 4,473
2007: 3,588
2006: 3,118
2005: 2,417
2004: 2,155
2003: 2,224
2002: 3,629
2001: 3,488
2000: 3,176
1999: 2,56310

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Honduras, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2012: 85.59
2011: 91.610
2010: 81.8311 10
2009: 66.85
2008: 61.06
2007: 49.97
2006: 44.30
2005: 35.04
2004: 31.87
2003: 33.56
2002: 55.87
2001: 54.80
2000: 50.95
1999: 11.210
1995: 28.8012

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Honduras, annual firearm homicides total

2010: 5,20110
2009: 4,288
2008: 3,590
2007: 2,692
2006: 2,359
2005: 1,836

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Honduras, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2010: 68.410
2009: 57.6
2008: 49.2
2007: 37.610 11
2006: 33.610
2005: 26.7

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Regulation of Firearm Exports

In Honduras, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law13 14 15

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Honduras is reported by Customs to be US$5,78016 (2011)

Regulation of Firearm Imports

In Honduras, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law13 14 15

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Honduras is reported by Customs to be US$13,057,90616 (2011)

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Honduras, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are not specifically regulated by law15

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Honduras includes the Act on the Control of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials (Decree 30 of 2000)14 17

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Honduras are regulated by the Ministry of Defence and the Preventive Police18 19

Right to Possess Firearms

In Honduras, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law20

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

Regulation of Handguns

In Honduras, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under a licence21

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Honduras, only licensed gun owners17 19 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Honduras gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every four years19

Licensing Records

In Honduras, authorities maintain a record17 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Honduras are permitted to possess up to five firearms19

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Honduras, the law requires17 19 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Honduras, State agencies are required17 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Honduras, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law17 19

Firearm Tracing

In Honduras, state authorities carry out17 19 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Marking of Firearms and Ammunition

In Honduras, state authorities employ17 19 ballistic fingerprinting technology to trace guns and ammunition

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in Honduras are known to have22 23 19 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Surrendered in Gun Amnesty

In Honduras, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered in recent arms amnesty and collection programmes is reported to be 17,88324 (1989-2002 with Nicaragua)

Firearms Collected and Seized

In Honduras, firearms voluntarily surrendered for destruction, collected or seized in routine policing are reported to number 2,2629 (2010-2012) (Cortés and Francisco Morazán areas only)

Small Arms Destroyed

In Honduras, the total number of firearms destroyed following recent amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be 2,00022 (2006-2008)

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

Central American Integration System

As a member of the Central American Integration System (SICA), Honduras is party to the 2007 Central American Programme on Small Arms Control and the Code of Conduct of Central American States on the Transfer of Arms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Material25

Organization of American States

On 14 November 1997, as a member of the Organisation of American States (OAS), Honduras adopted the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Explosives, Ammunition and Other Related Materials (CIFTA), a legally binding multilateral treaty of which the OAS is depository. The CIFTA Convention has since been signed and ratified26 27 by Honduras

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 200628 by Honduras.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has been signed, but not yet ratified29 by Honduras

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified30 by Honduras

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Honduras committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects31

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Honduras against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 8532 33 34 35 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Honduras has submitted one or more national reports36 37 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Honduras, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated38 37

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Honduras, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has not been designated38 37

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated37 by Honduras to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided37 to Honduras by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Honduras has not declared39 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Honduras has been a Member State of the United Nations since 194540

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list41 Honduras as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Honduras, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Honduras ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


Short References

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Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q4)Full Citation

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Sánchez, Arabeska, Leyla Diáz, and Matthias Nowak.2014.‘Firearms Circulating in Honduras.’ Firearms and Violence in Honduras.Geneva:Small Arms Survey (SAS), Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,1 March. (Q8501)Full Citation

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OAS Observatory on Citizen Security.2011.‘Civilian Firearms Legally Registered.’ Report on Citizen Security in the Americas 2011.Washington, DC:Organisation of American States,1 January. (Q5679)Full Citation

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GunPolicy.org.2014.‘Calculated Rates – Honduras.’ Historical Population Data – USCB International Data Base.Suitland, MD:US Census Bureau Population Division,8 May. (Q4243)Full Citation

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Karp, Aaron.2006.‘Trickle and Torrent: State stockpiles.’ Small Arms Survey 2006: Unfinished Business.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q7)Full Citation

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Sánchez, Arabeska, Leyla Diáz, and Matthias Nowak.2014.‘Firearms Homicides.’ Firearms and Violence in Honduras.Geneva:Small Arms Survey (SAS), Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,1 March. (Q8499)Full Citation

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UNODC.2013.‘Homicide in 207 Countries - Honduras.’ Global Study on Homicide 2011: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,26 June. (Q6344)Full Citation

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Petrini, Benjamin.2011.‘Latin America and the Caribbean, 1995-2008, Total Recorded Intentional Homicide, Completed, Rate per 100,000 Population.’ World Bank Homicide Rate Dataset 1995-2008.Washington DC:Social Development Department, World Bank,10 February. (Q3817)Full Citation

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Godnick, William and Helena Vasquez.2003.‘Honduras: Import and Export.’ Small Arms Control in Central America: Monitoring the Implementation of Small Arms Control Projects (MISAC).London:International Alert, Security and Peacebuilding Programme,1 June. (Q5572)Full Citation

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Godnick, William and Helena Vasquez.2003.‘Honduras: Small Arms Control.’ Small Arms Control in Central America: Monitoring the Implementation of Small Arms Control Projects (MISAC).London:International Alert, Security and Peacebuilding Programme,1 June. (Q5570)Full Citation

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Marsh, Nicholas.2013.‘Database of Authorised Transfers of Small Arms and Light Weapons.’ NISAT Small Arms Trade Database.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,14 February. (Q16)Full Citation

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Honduras.2004.‘Implementation of the Programme of Action.’ National Report of Honduras on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York:Permanent Mission of Honduras to the United Nations,28 April. (Q4619)Full Citation

18.

Godnick, William and Helena Vasquez.2003.‘Honduras.’ Small Arms Control in Latin America: Monitoring the Implementation of Small Arms Control Projects (MISAC).London:International Alert, Security and Peacebuilding Programme,1 March. (Q5563)Full Citation

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Godnick, William and Helena Vasquez.2003.‘Honduras: Domestic Small Arms Control Laws.’ Small Arms Control in Central America: Monitoring the Implementation of Small Arms Control Projects (MISAC).London:International Alert, Security and Peacebuilding Programme,1 June. (Q5571)Full Citation

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Sherman, Amy and Tom Ginsburg.2014.‘Gun Rights in National Constitutions.’ Marco Rubio Says Second Amendment Is Unique in Speech to NRA.Miami FL:Miami Herald (PolitiFact Florida),29 April. (Q8507)Full Citation

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Sánchez, Arabeska, Leyla Diáz, and Matthias Nowak.2014.‘Firearms and Gangs.’ Firearms and Violence in Honduras.Geneva:Small Arms Survey (SAS), Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,1 March. (Q8500)Full Citation

22.

Espinoza, Ana Yancy.2010.‘Seized and Destroyed Arms (Armas Decomisadas y Destruidas).’ IX Seminar: Control of Arms Transfers and Trafficking – Compilation (IX Seminario: Control del Tráfico y Transferencia de Armas de Fuego – Sistematización).Santa Marta:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime / UNODC,25 February. (Q5508)Full Citation

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REDCEPAZ.2006.‘Seized Firearms (Decomiso de Armas).’ The Problem of Illegal Arms in Central America (El problema de las Armas Ilegales en Centroamérica).Guatemala City:REDCEPAZ (Red Centroamericana para la Construcción de la Paz y la Seguridad Humana),1 March. (Q5509)Full Citation

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Karp, Aaron.2009.‘Summary of Disarmament Outcomes in 45 DDR Programmes.’ Small Arms Survey 2009: Shadows of War.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,9 July. (Q2941)Full Citation

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32.

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