Find Gun Policy Facts

Armed violence prevention, gun control laws and the small arms trade:

Honduras — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Honduras is 850,0001 2

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) in Honduras is 9.91 2 firearms per 100 people

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Honduras ranked at No. 813

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Honduras ranked at No. 882

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Honduras is reported to be

2012: 280,3054
2011: 258,0005
2008: 208,8016
2006: 151,0037 8

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in Honduras is

2012: 3.389
2011: 3.17
2008: 2.72
2006: 2.157 9

Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Honduras there are estimated to be between 420,000 and 900,0004 10

Estimated Rate of Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Honduras there are estimated to be between 5.06 and 10.859 illicit firearms per 100 people

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Honduras are reported to have 92,00011 12 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Honduras are reported to have 23,00011 13 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Honduras, annual homicides by any means total

2013: 6,75714
2012: 7,17215 16 14
2011: 7,10417 18
2010: 6,23917 18 19
2009: 5,265
2008: 4,473
2007: 3,262
2006: 3,018
2005: 2,417
2004: 2,155
2003: 2,224
2002: 3,629
2001: 3,488
2000: 3,176
1999: 2,56317

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Honduras, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2013: 79.989
2012: 85.515 16
2011: 91.617 18
2010: 82.117 18 19
2009: 70.7
2008: 61.3
2007: 45.6
2006: 43.0
2005: 35.1
2004: 32.0
2003: 33.6
2002: 56.0
2001: 55.0
2000: 51.1
1999: 42.117
1995: 28.8020

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Honduras, annual firearm homicides total

2013: 5,62614
2010: 5,20117 21
2009: 4,288
2008: 3,590
2007: 2,692
2006: 2,359
2005: 1,836
1999: 1,67722
1998: 2,000
1997: 2,182
1996: 1,655
1995: 1,504

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Honduras, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 66.599
2010: 68.417 21
2009: 57.6
2008: 49.2
2007: 37.617 21 19
2006: 33.617 21
2005: 26.7
1999: 27.099
1998: 33.12
1997: 37.14
1996: 28.97
1995: 27.10

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun (WHO)

The World Health Organisation estimates the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm in Honduras to be 2012: 83%15

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Honduras, annual suicides by any means total

2013: 28214
2012: 322

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Honduras, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2013: 3.349
2012: 3.88

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Honduras, annual firearm suicides total

2013: 3514
2012: 54

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Honduras, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.419
2012: 0.65

Unintentional Gun Deaths

In Honduras, annual unintentional shooting deaths total 2013: 1114

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

In Honduras, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is 2013: 0.139

Non-fatal Gun Injuries

ChartIn Honduras, the annual number of non-fatal firearm injuries is

1999: 1,24422
1998: 1,427
1997: 2,009
1996: 1,130
1995: 1,235

Rate of Non-fatal Gun Injury per 100,000 People

ChartIn Honduras, the annual rate of non-fatal firearm injury per 100,000 population is

1999: 20.099
1998: 23.63
1997: 34.20
1996: 19.78
1995: 22.25

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Honduras, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence,23 24 25 but not conducted in practice26

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Regulation of Firearm Exports

In Honduras, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law27 28 29 30

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Honduras is reported by Customs to be US$5,78031 (2011)

Regulation of Firearm Imports

In Honduras, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law23 32 28 29 30

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Honduras is reported by Customs to be US$13,057,90631 (2011)

Firearm Imports (Number) - Customs

The annual number of firearms imported to Honduras is reported to be 8,7186 (2006-08)

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Honduras, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are regulated by law33 30 34

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Honduras include27 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Honduras includes the Act on the Control of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials (Decree 30 of 2000)35 29

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Honduras are regulated by the Ministry of Defence, the Ministry of Security,36 37 and the Police38 39

Right to Possess Firearms

In Honduras, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by the Constitution,40 41 but is conditionally guaranteed in statute law42 43

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Honduras, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic weapons, home-made firearms, armour-piercing ammunition,44 45 long guns with shortened barrels,46 and military explosives47

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Honduras, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited44 15

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Honduras, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted under licence48

Regulation of Handguns

In Honduras, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence48 49 15

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Honduras, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law48 15

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Honduras, only licensed gun owners43 42 50 51 52 53 37 15 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Honduras must pass a background check which considers undefined43 15 records

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Honduras, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every four years54 37

Licensing Records

In Honduras, authorities maintain a record38 55 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Honduras are permitted to possess up to five firearms50 43 37

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Honduras, the law requires38 50 53 55 37 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Honduras, licensed firearm dealers are required50 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Honduras, State agencies are required56 55 57 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Honduras, the private sale and transfer of firearms is permitted58 59

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Honduras, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful23 33 50 60

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Honduras include56 57 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Honduras, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law43 61 55 37

Firearm Tracing

In Honduras, state authorities carry out55 37 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Honduras, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are38 50 43 recorded in a register

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Honduras, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is prohibited62 43 63 15

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Honduras, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit62 43 63 15

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Honduras, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm64 is its seizure and a fine52 65 66 67 68 69 70

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in Honduras are known to have37 71 72 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Surrendered in Gun Amnesty

In Honduras, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered in recent arms amnesty and collection programmes is reported to be 17,88373 (1989-2002 with Nicaragua)

Firearms Collected and Seized

ChartIn Honduras, firearms voluntarily surrendered for destruction, collected or seized in routine policing are reported to number

2010-2012: 2,26216
2006-08: 14,8506
2004: 2,71774
(Cortés and Francisco Morazán areas only):

Small Arms Destroyed

In Honduras, the total number of firearms destroyed following recent amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be 2,0006 (2006-2008)

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Honduras, it is not state policy52 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

Central American Integration System

As a member of the Central American Integration System (SICA), Honduras is party to the 2007 Central American Programme on Small Arms Control and the Code of Conduct of Central American States on the Transfer of Arms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Material75

Organization of American States

On 14 November 1997, as a member of the Organisation of American States (OAS), Honduras adopted the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Explosives, Ammunition and Other Related Materials (CIFTA), a legally binding multilateral treaty of which the OAS is depository. The CIFTA Convention has since been signed and ratified76 77 by Honduras

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 200678 by Honduras.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has been signed, but not yet ratified79 by Honduras

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified80 by Honduras

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Honduras committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects81

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Honduras against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 8582 83 84 85 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Honduras has submitted one or more national reports86 87 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Honduras, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated88 87

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Honduras, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has not been designated88 87

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated87 by Honduras to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided87 to Honduras by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Honduras has not declared89 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Honduras has been a Member State of the United Nations since 194590

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list91 Honduras as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Honduras, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Honduras ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


Short References

1.

Karp, Aaron.2012.‘Estimated Civilian Gun Ownership.’ Measurement and Use of Statistical Data to Analyze Small Arms in the Caribbean and Latin America.Mexico City:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the Center of Excellence, National Institute of Statistics and Geography (INEGI),28 April. (Q8972)Full Citation

2.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms - Annexe online.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q5)Full Citation

3.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q4)Full Citation

4.

Sánchez, Arabeska, Leyla Diáz and Matthias Nowak.2014.‘Firearms Circulating in Honduras.’ Firearms and Violence in Honduras.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,1 March. (Q8501)Full Citation

5.

Karp, Aaron.2012.‘Country Analyses: Honduras.’ Measurement and Use of Statistical Data to Analyze Small Arms in the Caribbean and Latin America.Mexico City:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the Center of Excellence, National Institute of Statistics and Geography (INEGI),28 April. (Q9260)Full Citation

6.

Espinoza, Ana Yancy.2010.‘Seized and Destroyed Arms (Armas Decomisadas y Destruidas).’ IX Seminar: Control of Arms Transfers and Trafficking - Compilation (IX Seminario: Control del Tráfico y Transferencia de Armas de Fuego - Sistematización).Santa Marta:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime / UNODC,25 February. (Q5508)Full Citation

7.

OAS Hemispheric Citizen Security Observatory.2012.‘Legally Registered Civilian Firearms.’ Report on Citizen Security in the Americas 2012.Washington, DC:Organisation of American States (OAS),1 July. (Q9208)Full Citation

8.

OAS Observatory on Citizen Security.2011.‘Civilian Firearms Legally Registered.’ Report on Citizen Security in the Americas 2011.Washington, DC:Organisation of American States,1 January. (Q5679)Full Citation

9.

GunPolicy.org.2015.‘Calculated Rates - Honduras.’ Historical Population Data - USCB International Data Base.Suitland, MD:US Census Bureau Population Division,4 March. (Q4243)Full Citation

10.

Ronan Graham. 2011. ‘Honduras Guns Feeding Central America's Arms Trade.’ Honduras Weekly / InSight Crime. 13 August. (N260) Full Citation

11.

Karp, Aaron.2012.‘State Firearms Ownership.’ Measurement and Use of Statistical Data to Analyze Small Arms in the Caribbean and Latin America.Mexico City:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the Center of Excellence, National Institute of Statistics and Geography (INEGI),28 April. (Q8973)Full Citation

12.

Karp, Aaron.2006.‘Trickle and Torrent: State stockpiles.’ Small Arms Survey 2006: Unfinished Business.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q6)Full Citation

13.

Karp, Aaron.2006.‘Trickle and Torrent: State stockpiles.’ Small Arms Survey 2006: Unfinished Business.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q7)Full Citation

14.

Observatorio de la Violencia.2014.‘Homicides and Suicides (any method) - Gun Homicides and Gun Suicides 2012-2013.’ Observatorio de la Violencia - Mortalidad y Otros.Tegucigalpa:Instituto Universitario de Democracia, Paz y Seguridad (UNAH - IUDPAS), Ministerio Público de la República de Honduras,1 February. (Q9258)Full Citation

15.

Butchart, Alexander, Christopher Mikton and Etienne Krug.2014.‘Country Profile: Honduras.’ Global Status Report on Violence Prevention 2014.Geneva:World Health Organisation (WHO), United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and United Nations Development Programme (UNDP),10 December. (Q9257)Full Citation

16.

Sánchez, Arabeska, Leyla Diáz and Matthias Nowak.2014.‘Firearms Homicides.’ Firearms and Violence in Honduras.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,1 March. (Q8499)Full Citation

17.

UNODC.2013.‘Homicide in 207 Countries - Honduras.’ Global Study on Homicide 2011: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,26 June. (Q6344)Full Citation

18.

OAS Hemispheric Citizen Security Observatory.2012.‘Intentional Homicide 2000-2011.’ Report on Citizen Security in the Americas 2012.Washington, DC:Organisation of American States (OAS),1 July. (Q9209)Full Citation

19.

OAS Observatory on Citizen Security.2011.‘Intentional Homicide.’ Report on Citizen Security in the Americas 2011.Washington, DC:Organisation of American States,1 January. (Q5678)Full Citation

20.

Petrini, Benjamin.2011.‘Latin America and the Caribbean, 1995-2008, Total Recorded Intentional Homicide, Completed, Rate per 100,000 Population.’ World Bank Homicide Rate Dataset 1995-2008.Washington, DC:Social Development Department, World Bank,10 February. (Q3817)Full Citation

21.

OAS Hemispheric Citizen Security Observatory.2012.‘Intentional Homicide Committed by Firearms 2000-2010.’ Report on Citizen Security in the Americas 2012.Washington, DC:Organisation of American States (OAS),1 July. (Q9210)Full Citation

22.

Raudales, Magda.2005.‘Table 3: Crime and Arms Used, 1995-1999.’ The Face of Urban Violence in Central America - Honduras (La cara de la violencia urbana en América Central - Honduras).San José:La Fundación Arias para la Paz y el Progreso Humano (Arias),1 January. (Q9340)Full Citation

23.

Honduras.1982.‘Armed Forces - Manufacture, Import, and Transfer (Fuerzas Armadas - Fabricación, Importación, Distribución, y Venta).’ Constitution of the Republic of Honduras of 1982 (Constitución de la Republica De Honduras De 1982).Tegucigalpa:Government of Honduras,11 January. (Q9339)Full Citation

24.

Honduras.2000.‘Repair Workshops (Talleres de Reparación).’ Act on the Control of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials, as Amended in 2004 (Ley de control de armas de fuego, municiones, explosiones y otros similares, Modificada en 2004).Tegucigalpa:Government of Honduras,29 July. (Q9239)Full Citation

25.

Honduras.2000.‘Facilities Related to the Firearms Act (Instalaciones Relacionadas con la Ley de Armas de Fuego).’ Act on the Control of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials, as Amended in 2004 (Ley de control de armas de fuego, municiones, explosiones y otros similares, Modificada en 2004).Tegucigalpa:Government of Honduras,29 July. (Q9240)Full Citation

26.

Honduras.2004.‘Firearm Manufacture.’ National Report of Honduras on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Honduras to the United Nations,28 April. (Q9414)Full Citation

27.

Honduras.2000.‘Transit or Export (Tránsito o Exportación).’ Act on the Control of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials, as Amended in 2004 (Ley de control de armas de fuego, municiones, explosiones y otros similares, Modificada en 2004).Tegucigalpa:Government of Honduras,29 July. (Q9244)Full Citation

28.

Godnick, William and Helena Vasquez.2003.‘Honduras: Import and Export.’ Small Arms Control in Central America: Monitoring the Implementation of Small Arms Control Projects (MISAC).London:International Alert, Security and Peacebuilding Programme,1 June. (Q5572)Full Citation

29.

Godnick, William and Helena Vasquez.2003.‘Honduras: Small Arms Control.’ Small Arms Control in Central America: Monitoring the Implementation of Small Arms Control Projects (MISAC).London:International Alert, Security and Peacebuilding Programme,1 June. (Q5570)Full Citation

30.

IANSA.2006.‘Reviewing Action on Small Arms 2006: Assessing the first five years of the UN Programme of Action.’ Biting the Bullet 'Red Book' 2006.New York, NY:International Action Network on Small Arms and the Biting the Bullet project,26 June. (Q82)Full Citation

31.

Marsh, Nicholas.2013.‘Database of Authorised Transfers of Small Arms and Light Weapons.’ NISAT Small Arms Trade Database.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,14 February. (Q16)Full Citation

32.

Honduras.2000.‘Firearm Imports (Importaciones de Armas de Fuego).’ Act on the Control of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials, as Amended in 2004 (Ley de control de armas de fuego, municiones, explosiones y otros similares, Modificada en 2004).Tegucigalpa:Government of Honduras,29 July. (Q9245)Full Citation

33.

Honduras.2000.‘Businesses with Activities Regulated by the Firearms Act (Negocios con Actividades Reguladas por la Ley de Armas de Fuego).’ Act on the Control of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials, as Amended in 2004 (Ley de control de armas de fuego, municiones, explosiones y otros similares, Modificada en 2004).Tegucigalpa:Government of Honduras,29 July. (Q9242)Full Citation

34.

Honduras.2004.‘Brokering.’ National Report of Honduras on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Honduras to the United Nations,28 April. (Q9417)Full Citation

35.

Honduras.2000.‘Purpose and Scope (Objeto y Ámbito de Aplicación).’ Act on the Control of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials, as Amended in 2004 (Ley de control de armas de fuego, municiones, explosiones y otros similares, Modificada en 2004).Tegucigalpa:Government of Honduras,29 July. (Q9230)Full Citation

36.

Godnick, William and Helena Vasquez.2003.‘Honduras.’ Small Arms Control in Latin America: Monitoring the Implementation of Small Arms Control Projects (MISAC).London:International Alert, Security and Peacebuilding Programme,1 March. (Q5563)Full Citation

37.

Godnick, William and Helena Vasquez.2003.‘Honduras: Domestic Small Arms Control Laws.’ Small Arms Control in Central America: Monitoring the Implementation of Small Arms Control Projects (MISAC).London:International Alert, Security and Peacebuilding Programme,1 June. (Q5571)Full Citation

38.

Honduras.2000.‘Firearm Registration (Registro de Armas de Fuego).’ Act on the Control of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials, as Amended in 2004 (Ley de control de armas de fuego, municiones, explosiones y otros similares, Modificada en 2004).Tegucigalpa:Government of Honduras,29 July. (Q9256)Full Citation

39.

Honduras.2000.‘Registration and Control (Registro y Control).’ Act on the Control of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials, as Amended in 2004 (Ley de control de armas de fuego, municiones, explosiones y otros similares, Modificada en 2004).Tegucigalpa:Government of Honduras,29 July. (Q9237)Full Citation

40.

Honduras.1982.‘Article 1.’ Constitution of the Republic of Honduras of 1982 (Constitución de la Republica De Honduras De 1982).Tegucigalpa:Government of Honduras,11 January. (Q9421)Full Citation

41.

Sherman, Amy and Tom Ginsburg.2014.‘Gun Rights in National Constitutions.’ Marco Rubio Says Second Amendment Is Unique in Speech to NRA.Miami, FL:Miami Herald (PolitiFact Florida),29 April. (Q8507)Full Citation

42.

Honduras.2000.‘Right to Possess and Carry Firearms (Derecho de Propiedad de Tenencia y Portación de Armas).’ Act on the Control of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials, as Amended in 2004 (Ley de control de armas de fuego, municiones, explosiones y otros similares, Modificada en 2004).Tegucigalpa:Government of Honduras,29 July. (Q9255)Full Citation

43.

Honduras.2007.‘Licences to Possess and Carry Firearms (Licencias para la Tenencia y Portación de Armas de Fuego).’ Decree No. 69-2007, Modifying the Act on the Control of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials.Tegucigalpa:Government of Honduras,29 June. (Q9262)Full Citation

44.

Honduras.2000.‘Prohibited Firearms and Ammunition (Armas y Municiones Prohibidas).’ Act on the Control of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials, as Amended in 2004 (Ley de control de armas de fuego, municiones, explosiones y otros similares, Modificada en 2004).Tegucigalpa:Government of Honduras,29 July. (Q9253)Full Citation

45.

Honduras.2000.‘Expanding Ammunition (Munición con Ojivo de tipo Convencional Expansivo).’ Act on the Control of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials, as Amended in 2004 (Ley de control de armas de fuego, municiones, explosiones y otros similares, Modificada en 2004).Tegucigalpa:Government of Honduras,29 July. (Q9252)Full Citation

46.

Honduras.2000.‘Long Guns with Shortened Barrels (Armas Largas con Cañones Recortados).’ Act on the Control of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials, as Amended in 2004 (Ley de control de armas de fuego, municiones, explosiones y otros similares, Modificada en 2004).Tegucigalpa:Government of Honduras,29 July. (Q9251)Full Citation

47.

Honduras.2000.‘Sale of Military Explosives (Venta de Explosivos Militares).’ Act on the Control of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials, as Amended in 2004 (Ley de control de armas de fuego, municiones, explosiones y otros similares, Modificada en 2004).Tegucigalpa:Government of Honduras,29 July. (Q9249)Full Citation

48.

Honduras.2000.‘Defensive and Sporting Firearms Permitted (Armas Defensivas y Deportivas Permitidas).’ Act on the Control of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials, as Amended in 2004 (Ley de control de armas de fuego, municiones, explosiones y otros similares, Modificada en 2004).Tegucigalpa:Government of Honduras,29 July. (Q9254)Full Citation

49.

Sánchez, Arabeska, Leyla Diáz and Matthias Nowak.2014.‘Firearms and Gangs.’ Firearms and Violence in Honduras.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,1 March. (Q8500)Full Citation

50.

Honduras.2000.‘Firearms and Ballistic Registration (Registro de Armas y Evidencia Balística).’ Act on the Control of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials, as Amended in 2004 (Ley de control de armas de fuego, municiones, explosiones y otros similares, Modificada en 2004).Tegucigalpa:Government of Honduras,29 July. (Q9250)Full Citation

51.

Honduras.2000.‘Individuals in Transit and Hunting Tourism (Personas en Tránsito y Turismo de Caza).’ Act on the Control of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials, as Amended in 2004 (Ley de control de armas de fuego, municiones, explosiones y otros similares, Modificada en 2004).Tegucigalpa:Government of Honduras,29 July. (Q9243)Full Citation

52.

Honduras.2000.‘Seizure of Firearms Without a Licence (Decomiso de Armas sin Licencia).’ Act on the Control of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials, as Amended in 2004 (Ley de control de armas de fuego, municiones, explosiones y otros similares, Modificada en 2004).Tegucigalpa:Government of Honduras,29 July. (Q9234)Full Citation

53.

Honduras.2000.‘Registration and Licensing (Registro y Obtención de Permiso).’ Act on the Control of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials, as Amended in 2004 (Ley de control de armas de fuego, municiones, explosiones y otros similares, Modificada en 2004).Tegucigalpa:Government of Honduras,29 July. (Q9232)Full Citation

54.

Honduras.2007.‘Period of Validity of Permits (Período de vigencia de los Permisos).’ Decree No. 69-2007, Modifying the Act on the Control of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials.Tegucigalpa:Government of Honduras,29 June. (Q9261)Full Citation

55.

Honduras.2004.‘Implementation of the Programme of Action.’ National Report of Honduras on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Honduras to the United Nations,28 April. (Q4619)Full Citation

56.

Honduras.2000.‘Military Stockpile Management (Control y Registro de Armas de las Fuerzas Armadas).’ Act on the Control of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials, as Amended in 2004 (Ley de control de armas de fuego, municiones, explosiones y otros similares, Modificada en 2004).Tegucigalpa:Government of Honduras,29 July. (Q9248)Full Citation

57.

Honduras.2004.‘Stockpile Management.’ National Report of Honduras on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Honduras to the United Nations,28 April. (Q9416)Full Citation

58.

Honduras.2000.‘Firearm Transfers (Traspaso de Armas de fuego).’ Act on the Control of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials, as Amended in 2004 (Ley de control de armas de fuego, municiones, explosiones y otros similares, Modificada en 2004).Tegucigalpa:Government of Honduras,29 July. (Q9247)Full Citation

59.

Honduras.2000.‘Firearm Transfers - Between Individuals (Traspaso de Armas de Fuego - Entre Particulares).’ Act on the Control of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials, as Amended in 2004 (Ley de control de armas de fuego, municiones, explosiones y otros similares, Modificada en 2004).Tegucigalpa:Government of Honduras,29 July. (Q9246)Full Citation

60.

Honduras.2000.‘Auctions of Firearms (Remates de Armas).’ Act on the Control of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials, as Amended in 2004 (Ley de control de armas de fuego, municiones, explosiones y otros similares, Modificada en 2004).Tegucigalpa:Government of Honduras,29 July. (Q9241)Full Citation

61.

Honduras.2000.‘Prohibited Modifications (Modificaciones Prohibidas).’ Act on the Control of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials, as Amended in 2004 (Ley de control de armas de fuego, municiones, explosiones y otros similares, Modificada en 2004).Tegucigalpa:Government of Honduras,29 July. (Q9238)Full Citation

62.

Honduras.2013.‘Carrying Firearms (La Portación de Armas de Fuego).’ Decree No. 184-2013, Modifying the Act on the Control of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials.Tegucigalpa:Government of Honduras,30 September. (Q9259)Full Citation

63.

Honduras.2007.‘Identification and Temporary Custody of Weapons (La Detección y Custodia Temporal de Armas).’ Decree No. 69-2007, Modifying the Act on the Control of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials.Tegucigalpa:Government of Honduras,29 June. (Q9263)Full Citation

64.

GunPolicy.org. 2015. ‘Penalty for Unlawful Firearm Possession.’ Definition and Selection Criteria.
Sydney School of Public Health, 23 January.
(G93) Full Citation

65.

Honduras.2000.‘Penalties (Sanciones).’ Act on the Control of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials, as Amended in 2004 (Ley de control de armas de fuego, municiones, explosiones y otros similares, Modificada en 2004).Tegucigalpa:Government of Honduras,29 July. (Q9236)Full Citation

66.

Honduras.2000.‘Penalties for Violations of this Act (Sanciones a las Infracciones a la Ley).’ Act on the Control of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials, as Amended in 2004 (Ley de control de armas de fuego, municiones, explosiones y otros similares, Modificada en 2004).Tegucigalpa:Government of Honduras,29 July. (Q9235)Full Citation

67.

Honduras.2000.‘Penalties for the Possession of Prohibited Firearms (Sanciones para la Tenencia de Armas Prohibidas).’ Act on the Control of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials, as Amended in 2004 (Ley de control de armas de fuego, municiones, explosiones y otros similares, Modificada en 2004).Tegucigalpa:Government of Honduras,29 July. (Q9233)Full Citation

68.

Honduras.2007.‘Penalties for Unlawful Carrying of Firearms (Sanciones sobre la Portación Ilegal de Armas).’ Decree No. 69-2007, Modifying the Act on the Control of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials.Tegucigalpa:Government of Honduras,29 June. (Q9264)Full Citation

69.

Honduras.1985.‘Manufacture and Trafficking of Weapons of War, Firearms and Ammunition (Fabricación y Tráfico de material de Guerra, Armas y Municiones).’ Criminal Code, Decree No. 144-83, as Amended in 2008 (Código Penal, Decreto 144-83, Modificado en 2008).Tegucigalpa:Judicial Power of Honduras,12 March. (Q9265)Full Citation

70.

Honduras.1985.‘Manufacture and Trafficking of Firearms and Ammunition for Trade, Personal Defence, or Sports and Explosives for Trade.’ Criminal Code, Decree No. 144-83, as Amended in 2008 (Código Penal, Decreto 144-83, Modificado en 2008).Tegucigalpa:Judicial Power of Honduras,12 March. (Q9266)Full Citation

71.

Honduras.2000.‘Collection of Prohibited Firearms (Recolección de Armas Prohibidas).’ Act on the Control of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials, as Amended in 2004 (Ley de control de armas de fuego, municiones, explosiones y otros similares, Modificada en 2004).Tegucigalpa:Government of Honduras,29 July. (Q9231)Full Citation

72.

Honduras.2004.‘Firearm Seizure.’ National Report of Honduras on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Honduras to the United Nations,28 April. (Q9415)Full Citation

73.

Karp, Aaron.2009.‘Summary of Disarmament Outcomes in 45 DDR Programmes.’ Small Arms Survey 2009: Shadows of War.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,9 July. (Q2941)Full Citation

74.

REDCEPAZ.2006.‘Seized Firearms (Decomiso de Armas).’ The Problem of Illegal Arms in Central America (El problema de las Armas Ilegales en Centroamérica).Guatemala City:REDCEPAZ (Red Centroamericana para la Construcción de la Paz y la Seguridad Humana),1 March. (Q5509)Full Citation

75.

UNODA.2007.‘Central American Programme on Small Arms Control.’ United Nations Programme of Action Implementation Support System: Regional Organisations.New York, NY:Central American Integration System / United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,1 January. (Q3221)Full Citation

76.

OAS / UNODA.1997.‘Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Explosives, Ammunition and Other Related Materials / CIFTA.’ United Nations Programme of Action Implementation Support System: Regional Organisations.New York, NY:Organization of American States / United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,14 November. (Q3244)Full Citation

77.

OAS.1997.‘Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Explosives, Ammunition and Other Related Materials (CIFTA): Signatures and Ratifications.’ Organization of American States, Department of International Law.Washington, DC:Organization of American States,14 November. (Q3262)Full Citation

78.

GDAV.2006.‘Geneva Declaration.’ Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development.Geneva:Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development Secretariat,7 June. (Q7162)Full Citation

79.

UNODA.2013.‘Towards Entry Into Force.’ Arms Trade Treaty.New York, NY:United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,2 April. (Q7226)Full Citation

80.

UNGA.2001.‘United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition.’ UN General Assembly Resolution 55/255.New York, NY:UN General Assembly,31 May. (Q17)Full Citation

81.

UNGA.2001.‘Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects.’ United Nations General Assembly.New York, NY:UN General Assembly,20 July. (Q18)Full Citation

82.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘Findings - Table 3: Reporting States by Rank and Score.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,1 August. (Q8752)Full Citation

83.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘What do the PoAIM Scores Represent? How Should the PoAIM Scores Be Interpreted?.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,1 August. (Q8753)Full Citation

84.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘Point Allocation System.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,1 August. (Q8754)Full Citation

85.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘Introduction.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,1 August. (Q8755)Full Citation

86.

Cattaneo, Silvia and Sarah Parker.2008.‘Reporting, NPCs and NCAs, 2002 to 2008.’ Implementing the United Nations Programme of Action on Small Arms and Light Weapons: Analysis of the National Reports submitted by States from 2002 to 2008.Geneva:United Nations Development Programme,1 November. (Q20)Full Citation

87.

UNODA.2009.‘PoA-ISS Country Profiles.’ UN small arms Programme of Action (UNPoA) - Implementation Support System.New York, NY:United Nations Office of Disarmament Affairs,29 October. (Q1309)Full Citation

88.

IANSA.2006.‘Reviewing Action on Small Arms 2006: Assessing the first five years of the UN Programme of Action.’ Biting the Bullet 'Red Book' 2006.New York, NY:International Action Network on Small Arms and the Biting the Bullet project,26 June. (Q166)Full Citation

89.

UNODA.2011.‘National Reports on Small Arms Exports.’ United Nations Register of Conventional Arms - The Global Reported Arms Trade.New York, NY:United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,21 October. (Q14)Full Citation

90.

UN.2013.‘Member States of the United Nations.’ UN.org Web Site.New York, NY:United Nations General Assembly,7 April. (Q290)Full Citation

91.

Wassenaar Arrangement.1996.‘Introduction: Participating States.’ Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies.Vienna:Wassenaar Secretariat,12 July. (Q19)Full Citation