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Honduras — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Honduras is between 850,0001 2 3 4 and 1,000,0005

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) in Honduras is between 9.91 2 and 11.246 firearms per 100 people

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Honduras ranked at No. 817

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Honduras ranked at No. 882

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Honduras is reported to be

2016: 450,0008
2012: 280,3059
2011: 258,00010 3
2008: 208,80111
2007: 190,72212
2006: 151,00313 14 4

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in Honduras is

2016: 5.066
2012: 3.38
2011: 3.17
2008: 2.72
2007: 2.54
2006: 2.1513 6

Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Honduras there are estimated to be between 420,000 and 900,0009 15 3 4 5

Estimated Rate of Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Honduras there are estimated to be between 5.06 and 10.856 illicit firearms per 100 people

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Honduras are reported to have 92,00016 17 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Honduras are reported to have 23,00016 12 18 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Honduras, annual homicides by any means total

2015: 5,14619
2014: 5,93620
2013: 6,75721 20
2012: 7,17221 20 22 23 24
2011: 7,10420 22 25 26
2010: 6,23920 22 25 26 27
2009: 5,265
2008: 4,473
2007: 3,262
2006: 3,018
2005: 2,41720 22 25 12 26 27
2004: 3,63922 25 26 27
2003: 4,073
2002: 3,623
2001: 3,488
2000: 3,176
1999: 2,56325

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Honduras, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 60.019
2014: 68.020
2013: 79.06 20
2012: 85.519 6 20 22 23 24
2011: 86.4720 22 25 26
2010: 77.5420 22 25 26 27
2009: 66.84
2008: 57.89
2007: 49.91
2006: 46.18
2005: 36.9820 22 12 25 26 27
2004: 53.822 25 26 27
2003: 61.4
2002: 55.8
2001: 54.8
2000: 50.9
1999: 42.125
1995: 28.8028

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Honduras, annual firearm homicides total

2013: 5,63020 21
2012: 5,98020
2011: 6,00920 22
2010: 5,20120 22 25 29
2009: 4,27722 25 29
2008: 3,519
2007: 2,69225 29
2006: 2,359
2005: 1,836
1999: 1,67730
1998: 2,000
1997: 2,182
1996: 1,655
1995: 1,504

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Honduras, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 66.646
2012: 72.08
2011: 73.79
2010: 65.106 25 29
2009: 54.60
2008: 45.85
2007: 37.625 29 27
2006: 33.625 29
2005: 26.7
1999: 27.096
1998: 33.12
1997: 37.14
1996: 28.97
1995: 27.10

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Honduras, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2015: 74%31 32
2013: 83%20
2012: 83%20 23
2011: 85%20 22 31
2010: 84%20 22
2009: 81%22
2008: 79%
2007: 75.0%25
2006: 78.2%
2005: 76.0%

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Honduras, annual suicides by any means total

2013: 28221
2012: 322
2005: 25412

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Honduras, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2013: 3.346
2012: 3.88
2005: 3.53

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Honduras, annual firearm suicides total

2013: 3521
2012: 54

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Honduras, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.416
2012: 0.65

Unintentional Gun Deaths

In Honduras, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2013: 1121

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

In Honduras, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.136

Non-fatal Gun Injuries

ChartIn Honduras, the annual number of non-fatal firearm injuries is

1999: 1,24430
1998: 1,427
1997: 2,009
1996: 1,130
1995: 1,235

Rate of Non-fatal Gun Injury per 100,000 People

ChartIn Honduras, the annual rate of non-fatal firearm injury per 100,000 population is

1999: 20.096
1998: 23.63
1997: 34.20
1996: 19.78
1995: 22.25

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Honduras, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence,33 34 35 but is not conducted in practice36 12

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Honduras, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law37 38 39 40

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Honduras is reported by Customs to be US$5,78041 (2011)

Firearm Imports

In Honduras, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law33 42 43 44 38 39 12 40

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Honduras is reported by Customs to be US$13,057,90641 (2011)45

Firearm Imports (Number) - Customs

The annual number of firearms imported to Honduras is reported to be 8,71811 (2006-08)

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Honduras is high46

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Honduras, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are regulated by law47 40 48

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Honduras include37 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Honduras is categorised as permissive49

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Honduras includes the Act on the Control of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials (Decree 30 of 2000),50 39 its Regulation (Executive Agreement No. MD-004-2005), and the Regulation of La Armeria [the Armoury] (Resolution No. 921 of August 30, 1984)3 44

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Honduras are regulated by the Ministry of Defence, the Ministry of Security,51 52 and the Police53 54 12

Right to Possess Firearms

In Honduras, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by the Constitution,55 56 57 but is conditionally guaranteed in statute law58 59

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Honduras, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic weapons, home-made firearms, armour-piercing ammunition,60 61 long guns with shortened barrels,62 and military explosives63

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Honduras, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited60 23

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Honduras, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted under licence64

Regulation of Handguns

In Honduras, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence64 65 23

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Honduras, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law64 23

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Honduras, only licensed gun owners59 58 66 67 68 69 52 23 3 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Honduras is 18 years58 70

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Honduras must pass a background check which considers undefined59 23 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Honduras, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required71

Partner to be Advised or Interviewed

In Honduras, licensing authorities are not required71 to conduct interviews with, or to advise an applicant's spouse, partner, or next of kin before issuing a gun licence

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Honduras does not stipulate71 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Honduras, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is not required71 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Honduras, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every four years72 52

Licensing Records

In Honduras, authorities maintain a record53 73 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Honduras are permitted to possess up to five firearms66 70 59 52

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Honduras are permitted to possess any quantity of ammunition71

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Honduras, the law requires53 66 69 73 52 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Honduras, licensed firearm dealers are required66 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Honduras, State agencies are required74 73 75 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Honduras, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited unless registered in the National Firearms Register76 77

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Honduras, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful33 47 66 78 43

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In Honduras, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined71

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Honduras, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated71 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Honduras do not include71 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Honduras do not include71 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Honduras include74 75 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Honduras do not include71 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Honduras, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law59 79 73 52

Firearm Tracing

In Honduras, state authorities carry out73 52 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Honduras, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are53 66 59 12 recorded in a register

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Honduras, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law80 59 81 23

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Honduras, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is prohibited80 59 81 23

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Honduras, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit80 59 81 23

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Honduras, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm82 is seizure of the firearm and a fine68 83 84 85 86 87 88

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in Honduras are known to have52 89 90 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Surrendered in Gun Amnesty

In Honduras, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered in recent arms amnesty and collection programmes is reported to be 17,88391 (1989-2002 with Nicaragua)

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Honduras, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2015: 2,33092
2014: 3,29592 93
2013: 3,36894
2012: 2,15395 24
2011: 952
2010: 1,43396
2009: 1,45597
2006/08: 14,85011
2004: 2,71798
2003: 2,46712 3
2000/06: 2,632

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn Honduras, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2014: 5,00099
2013: 3,000100
2008: 2,00011
2007: 13,680101

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Honduras, it is not state policy68 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

Central American Integration System

As a member of the Central American Integration System (SICA), Honduras is party to the 2007 Central American Programme on Small Arms Control and the Code of Conduct of Central American States on the Transfer of Arms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Material102

Organization of American States

On 14 November 1997, as a member of the Organisation of American States (OAS), Honduras adopted the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Explosives, Ammunition and Other Related Materials (CIFTA), a legally binding multilateral treaty of which the OAS is depository. The CIFTA Convention has since been signed and ratified103 104 by Honduras

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 2006105 by Honduras.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has been signed, but not yet ratified106 by Honduras

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified107 by Honduras

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Honduras committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects108

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Honduras against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 85109 110 111 112 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Honduras has submitted one or more national reports113 114 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Honduras, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated115 114

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Honduras, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated114

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated114 by Honduras to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided114 to Honduras by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Honduras has not declared116 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Honduras has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1945117

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list118 Honduras as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Honduras, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Honduras ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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