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Haiti — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Haiti is 200,0001 2 3

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) in Haiti is 2.01 2 firearms per 100 people

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

In Haiti, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be 5,7284

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

In Haiti, the number of handguns in civilian possession is reported to be 14,6514

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Haiti ranked at No. 1185

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Haiti ranked at No. 1642

Proportion of Households with Firearms

In Haiti, the percentage of households with one or more guns is reported to be 2010: 2.3%6 (Port au Prince area only)

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Haiti is reported to be

2006: 20,3797 8
2005: 20,3792 4 3

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in Haiti is

2006: 0.217
2005: 0.229

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Haiti are reported to have 13,00010 11 firearms

Routine Arming of Police

In Haiti, police officers on routine patrol carry one or more firearms12

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Haiti are reported to have 10,00010 13 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Haiti, annual homicides by any means total

2014: 1,13214
2013: 863
2012: 1,07714 15
2011: 849
2010: 66114 15 16 17
2009: 598
2008: 498
2007: 490
2006: 65014
2005: 485
2004: 21314 16
2003: 1,93916
2002: 1,764
2001: 1,382

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Haiti, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2014: 10.5314
2013: 8.16
2012: 10.3414 15 18
2011: 8.2814 15
2010: 6.5514 15 16 17
2009: 6.03
2008: 5.1
2007: 5.1
2006: 6.8814 19
2005: 5.2214
2004: 2.3314 16 19 17
2003: 21.316 19 17
2002: 19.7
2001: 15.7
1999: 14.617

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Haiti, annual suicides by any means total

2008: 10720
2003: 221

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Haiti, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2008: 1.120
2003: 0.0
2002: 0.0
2001: 0.2

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Haiti, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is prohibited outside the monopoly of State for weapons of war22 23

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Haiti, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law22 23

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Haiti is reported by Customs to be US$124 (2010)

Firearm Imports

In Haiti, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law22 25 26 23

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Haiti is reported by Customs to be US$223,68024 (2011)

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Haiti, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are not specifically regulated by law27

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Haiti do not include27 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Haiti is categorised as restrictive28

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Haiti includes the Decree on Firearms of 1988,29 the Decree of 1989 modifying the Decree of 198830 and the Constitution of 198723

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Haiti are regulated by the Haiti Armed Forces29 and the Police31 32

Right to Possess Firearms

In Haiti, the right to private gun ownership is conditionally guaranteed by the Constitution,23 33 34 35 3 as limited by statute law30

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Haiti, civilians are not allowed to possess weapons of war,22 23 36 37 automatic firearms,38 destructive weapons39 and incendiary or exploding bullets40

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Haiti, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited38 26

Regulation of Handguns

In Haiti, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence36

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Haiti, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law36 37

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Haiti, only licensed gun owners30 41 42 31 23 3 32 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Haiti are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example self-defence,36 sports and recreational purposes37

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Haiti is 18 years30 43

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Haiti must pass a background check which considers undefined27 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Haiti, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required27

Partner to be Advised or Interviewed

In Haiti, licensing authorities are not required27 to conduct interviews with, or to advise an applicant's spouse, partner, or next of kin before issuing a gun licence

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Haiti does not stipulate27 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Haiti, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is not required27 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Haiti, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every year44

Licensing Records

In Haiti, authorities do not maintain a record27 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Haiti are permitted to possess any number of firearms27

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Haiti are permitted to possess any quantity of ammunition27

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Haiti, the law does not require27 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Haiti, licensed firearm dealers are not required27 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Haiti, licensed gun makers are not required27 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Haiti, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited unless with an authorisation of the Haiti Armed Forces25

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Haiti, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful25 26

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In Haiti, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined27

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Haiti, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated27 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Haiti do not include27 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Haiti do not include27 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Haiti do not include27 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Haiti, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is not required by law27

Firearm Tracing

In Haiti, state authorities do not carry out27 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Haiti, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are not27 recorded in a register

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Haiti, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law41 42

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Haiti, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed27

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Haiti, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is allowed27

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Haiti, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm45 is five years in prison and a fine26

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in Haiti are known to have46 47 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Surrendered in Gun Amnesty

In Haiti, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered in recent arms amnesty and collection programmes is reported to be 20048 (2006)

Exchanged in Gun Buyback

In Haiti, the total number of firearms exchanged for monetary or in-kind compensation during recent gun buyback and disposal programmes is reported to be 3,68447 (1994-95)

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

In Haiti, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be 33,00047 (1994-95)

Small Arms Destroyed

In Haiti, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be 24946 (2003)

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Haiti, it is state policy49 46 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

Organization of American States

On 14 November 1997, as a member of the Organisation of American States (OAS), Haiti adopted the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Explosives, Ammunition and Other Related Materials (CIFTA), a legally binding multilateral treaty of which the OAS is depository. The CIFTA Convention has since been signed and ratified50 51 by Haiti

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was not signed52 by Haiti.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has been signed, but not yet ratified53 by Haiti

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified54 by Haiti

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Haiti committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects55

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Haiti against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 13656 57 58 59 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Haiti has submitted one or more national reports60 61 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Haiti, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated62 61

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated61 by Haiti to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided61 to Haiti by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Haiti has not declared63 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Haiti has been a Member State of the United Nations since 194564

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list65 Haiti as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Haiti, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Haiti ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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Haiti.2003.‘Law Enforcement and Criminalisation (Application des Lois et Criminalisation ).’ National Report of Haiti on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Haiti to the United Nations,8 July. (Q4786)Full Citation

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Haiti.1988.‘Decree on Firearms of 1988 (Décret sur les armes à feu de 1988).’ Decree of 12 January 1988, Laying Down the Conditions for the Ownership, Possession and Use of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Categories of Weapons Listed as Dangerous on the National Territory.Port au Prince:Le Moniteur, Ministry of the Interior and of Local Government of the Republic of Haiti,12 January. (Q9859)Full Citation

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Haiti.1989.‘Firearm Possession Requirements (Conditions pour la possession d'armes à feu).’ Decree of 23 May 1989, Modifying Certain Articles of the Decree of 12 January 1988, on the Control of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Categories of Weapons on the National Territory.Port au Prince:Le Moniteur, Ministry of the Interior and of Local Government of the Republic of Haiti,23 May. (Q9866)Full Citation

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Haiti.1989.‘Competent Authority to Issue Licences (Autorité compétente pour délivrer les licences).’ Decree of 23 May 1989, Modifying Certain Articles of the Decree of 12 January 1988, on the Control of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Categories of Weapons on the National Territory.Port au Prince:Le Moniteur, Ministry of the Interior and of Local Government of the Republic of Haiti,23 May. (Q9872)Full Citation

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Haiti.1988.‘Firearm Possession for Personal Defence (Possession d'armes à feu pour défense personnelle).’ Decree of 12 January 1988, Laying Down the Conditions for the Ownership, Possession and Use of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Categories of Weapons Listed as Dangerous on the National Territory.Port au Prince:Le Moniteur, Ministry of the Interior and of Local Government of the Republic of Haiti,12 January. (Q9862)Full Citation

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Haiti.1989.‘Firearm Possession for Sports and Recreational Purposes (Possession d'armes à feu à des fins récréatives ou sportives).’ Decree of 23 May 1989, Modifying Certain Articles of the Decree of 12 January 1988, on the Control of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Categories of Weapons on the National Territory.Port au Prince:Le Moniteur, Ministry of the Interior and of Local Government of the Republic of Haiti,23 May. (Q9865)Full Citation

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Haiti.1988.‘Automatic Firearms (Armes à feu automatiques).’ Decree of 12 January 1988, Laying Down the Conditions for the Ownership, Possession and Use of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Categories of Weapons Listed as Dangerous on the National Territory.Port au Prince:Le Moniteur, Ministry of the Interior and of Local Government of the Republic of Haiti,12 January. (Q9863)Full Citation

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Haiti.1989.‘Possession of Destructive Weapons (Possession d'engins destructeurs).’ Decree of 23 May 1989, Modifying Certain Articles of the Decree of 12 January 1988, on the Control of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Categories of Weapons on the National Territory.Port au Prince:Le Moniteur, Ministry of the Interior and of Local Government of the Republic of Haiti,23 May. (Q9868)Full Citation

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Haiti.1988.‘Ammunition (Munitions).’ Decree of 12 January 1988, Laying Down the Conditions for the Ownership, Possession and Use of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Categories of Weapons Listed as Dangerous on the National Territory.Port au Prince:Le Moniteur, Ministry of the Interior and of Local Government of the Republic of Haiti,12 January. (Q9864)Full Citation

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Haiti.1989.‘Carrying and Possession of Firearms (Port et possession d'armes à feu).’ Decree of 23 May 1989, Modifying Certain Articles of the Decree of 12 January 1988, on the Control of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Categories of Weapons on the National Territory.Port au Prince:Le Moniteur, Ministry of the Interior and of Local Government of the Republic of Haiti,23 May. (Q9869)Full Citation

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Haiti.1989.‘Licences to Carry Firearms and Ownership Declarations (Licences pour port d'armes à feu et déclarations de possession à domicile).’ Decree of 23 May 1989, Modifying Certain Articles of the Decree of 12 January 1988, on the Control of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Categories of Weapons on the National Territory.Port au Prince:Le Moniteur, Ministry of the Interior and of Local Government of the Republic of Haiti,23 May. (Q9871)Full Citation

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Haiti.1989.‘Firearms in the Possession of Minors (Mineurs en possession d'armes à feu).’ Decree of 23 May 1989, Modifying Certain Articles of the Decree of 12 January 1988, on the Control of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Categories of Weapons on the National Territory.Port au Prince:Le Moniteur, Ministry of the Interior and of Local Government of the Republic of Haiti,23 May. (Q9867)Full Citation

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