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Guatemala — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Guatemala is 1,600,0001 2 3 4

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Guatemala is 11.575 2 3

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Guatemala ranked at No. 416

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Guatemala ranked at No. 493

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

The number of licensed gun owners in Guatemala is reported to be 123,0007 8

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

The rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Guatemala is 1.135

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Guatemala is reported to be

2016: 520,7929
2011: 400,48310
2010: 187,3758
2009: 393,99611
2006: 253,51412 4 13
2000: 170,00014

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in Guatemala is

2016: 3.435
2011: 2.90
2010: 1.38
2009: 2.97
2006: 1.9512
2000: 1.535

Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Guatemala there are estimated to be 800,00010 4 7 to 1,600,00014 8

Estimated Rate of Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Guatemala the rate of illicit firearms per 100 people is estimated to be 4.59 to 14.435

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Guatemala are reported to have 112,00015 16 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Guatemala are reported to have 44,00015 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Guatemala, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 4,23417
2013: 4,419
2012: 4,55118
2011: 4,793
2010: 5,295
2009: 5,56619

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Guatemala, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 28.9117
2013: 30.74
2012: 32.28
2011: 34.67
2010: 39.08
2009: 41.925

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Guatemala, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 3,73717
2013: 3,895
2012: 4,084
2011: 4,284
2010: 4,710

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Guatemala, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 49717
2013: 524
2012: 467
2011: 509
2010: 585

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Guatemala, annual homicides by any means total

2015: 5,71820
2014: 4,13517
2013: 4,192
2012: 3,821
2011: 4,283
2010: 5,482
2009: 6,498
2008: 6,292
2007: 5,781
2006: 5,885
2005: 5,33821 22 23 24 25 26
2004: 4,50721 22 23 24 25 26 8
2003: 4,23621 22 23 24 25 26
2002: 3,630
2001: 3,230
2000: 2,90421 22 23 24 25
1999: 2,65523
1998: 3,310
1997: 3,998
1996: 3,619
1995: 3,260

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Guatemala, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 38.335
2014: 28.9117
2013: 30.74
2012: 32.28
2011: 34.67
2010: 39.08
2009: 46.36
2008: 46.0
2007: 43.32
2006: 45.2
2005: 42.03
2004: 36.3721 22 23 24 25 8
2003: 35.0521 22 23 24 25
2002: 30.79
2001: 28.08
2000: 25.87
1999: 24.223 27
1998: 30.9
1997: 38.1
1996: 35.3
1995: 32.5

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Guatemala, annual male homicides by any means total

2014: 3,57117
2013: 3,648
2012: 3,375
2011: 3,753
2010: 4,831

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Guatemala, annual female homicides by any means total

2014: 56417
2013: 544
2012: 446
2011: 530
2010: 651

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Guatemala, annual firearm homicides total

2014: 3,31517
2013: 3,476
2012: 3,182
2011: 3,462
2010: 4,666
2009: 5,39322 23 28
2008: 5,222
2007: 4,798
2006: 4,590
2005: 4,21722 23 28 26
2004: 3,64323 28 26
2003: 3,451
2002: 2,743
2001: 2,419
2000: 2,10929 28
1999: 1,83929
1998: 2,392

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Guatemala, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 22.6317
2013: 24.18
2012: 22.57
2011: 25.04
2010: 34.43
2009: 40.625 23 28 25
2008: 40.16
2007: 37.70
2006: 36.85
2005: 34.625 23 28 25
2004: 29.423 28 25 5
2003: 28.5
2002: 23.2
2001: 21.0
2000: 18.5029 28
1999: 16.5729
1998: 22.15

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Guatemala, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2013: 81%21
2012: 81%21 30
2011: 82%21
2010: 84%
2009: 83%22 31
2008: 83%
2007: 83%
2006: 78%
2005: 79%
2004: 80.8%23 8
2003: 81.4%23
2002: 75.5%
2001: 74.9%
2000: 72.6%
1999: 69.3%
1998: 72.3%

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Guatemala, annual male firearm homicides total

2015: 2,92717
2014: 2,927
2013: 3,075
2012: 2,874
2011: 3,095
2010: 4,157

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Guatemala, annual female firearm homicides total

2015: 38817
2014: 388
2013: 401
2012: 308
2011: 367
2010: 509

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Guatemala, annual suicides by any means total

2014: 51317
2013: 456
2012: 420
2011: 361
2010: 354
2009: 53332
2008: 547
2007: 361
2006: 30032 33
2005: 24132
2004: 260
2003: 266
2002: 271
2001: 207
2000: 191

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Guatemala, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2014: 3.5017
2013: 3.17
2012: 2.98
2011: 2.61
2010: 2.61
2009: 3.832
2008: 4.0
2007: 2.7
2006: 2.332 33
2005: 1.9
2004: 2.132
2003: 2.2
2002: 2.3
2001: 1.8
2000: 1.7

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Guatemala, annual male suicides by any means total

2014: 35717
2013: 332
2012: 310
2011: 252
2010: 272

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Guatemala, annual female suicides by any means total

2014: 15617
2013: 124
2012: 110
2011: 109
2010: 82

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Guatemala, annual firearm suicides total

2014: 3017
2013: 43
2012: 4318
2011: 35
2010: 29
2009: 4519

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Guatemala, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.2017
2013: 0.30
2012: 0.30
2011: 0.25
2010: 0.21
2009: 0.345

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Guatemala, annual male firearm suicides total

2014: 2617
2013: 41
2012: 41
2011: 34
2010: 27

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Guatemala, annual female firearm suicides total

2014: 417
2013: 2
2012: 2
2011: 1
2010: 2

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Guatemala, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2014: 88917
2013: 900
2012: 1,32618
2011: 1,296
2010: 7
2009: 17619

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Guatemala, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2014: 017
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 4.38
2009: 1.33

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Guatemala, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2014: 78417
2013: 779
2012: 1,169
2011: 1,155
2010: 7

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Guatemala, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2014: 10517
2013: 121
2012: 157
2011: 141
2010: 0

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Guatemala, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 017
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 593
2009: 37319

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

In Guatemala, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2009: 2.815

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Guatemala, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 017
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 519

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Guatemala, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 017
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 74

Non-fatal Gun Injuries

ChartIn Guatemala, the annual number of non-fatal firearm injuries is

2004: 4,00034
2001: 3,21135 36
2000: 3,056
1999: 2,456
1998: 2,616

Rate of Non-fatal Gun Injury per 100,000 People

ChartIn Guatemala, the annual rate of non-fatal firearm injury per 100,000 population is

2004: 33.505
2001: 28.46
2000: 27.57
1999: 22.53
1998: 24.43

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Guatemala, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence,37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 but is not conducted in practice50 8

Home-made Guns

In Guatemala, the prevalence of illicit craft, or 'home-made' firearm manufacture is reported to be moderate51 46

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Guatemala, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law41 42 52 53 54 49 48 55

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Guatemala is reported by Customs to be US$18056 (2011)

Firearm Imports

In Guatemala, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law57 58 59 60 61 62 54 48 49 63 55 8

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Guatemala is reported by Customs to be US$5,928,53756 (2011)

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Guatemala is moderate10 64

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Guatemala, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law65 66 67 55

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Guatemala include41 42 59 53 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Guatemala is categorised as restrictive68

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Guatemala includes the Firearm and Ammunition Law, Decree 15, 200969 48 and its regulation of 201170

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Guatemala are regulated by the Directorate General for Control of Arms and Ammunition (DIGECAM)71 72 73

Right to Possess Firearms

In Guatemala, the right to private gun ownership is conditionally guaranteed by the Constitution,74 75 76 as limited by statute law77

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Guatemala, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic firearms, military firearms, or weapons of war78 79 80 81

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Guatemala, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited78 79 80 82 30

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Guatemala, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted under licence78 83 82

Regulation of Handguns

In Guatemala, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence78 83 82 30

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Guatemala, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law78 83 82 30

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Guatemala, only licensed gun owners84 85 86 87 88 30 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Guatemala are not required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, but gun ownership for personal security reasons requires government approval, and firearm collection is permitted89 90 91 92

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Guatemala is undefined,92 but is 25 years for a permit to carry,93 with exceptions for younger competitive sports shooters94

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Guatemala must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental health and Army or Police service87 88 90 95 96 30 8 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Guatemala, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required92

Partner to be Advised or Interviewed

In Guatemala, licensing authorities are not required92 to conduct interviews with, or to advise an applicant's spouse, partner, or next of kin before issuing a gun licence

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Guatemala does not stipulate97 96 98 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Guatemala, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required99 90 100 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Guatemala, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every one to three years87 101 89

Licensing Records

In Guatemala, authorities maintain a record72 86 84 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Guatemala are permitted to possess any number of firearms102

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Guatemala are permitted to possess only 250 rounds of ammunition of a calibre for which a carrying licence is held and only 200 rounds of ammunition of a calibre for which a possession licence is held103 104

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Guatemala, the law requires72 84 86 87 105 73 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Guatemala, licensed firearm dealers are required106 107 108 72 105 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Guatemala, licensed gun makers are required109 110 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Guatemala, State agencies are required111 112 113 114 115 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Guatemala, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited unless conducted by a notary and registered by the Office for Arms and Ammunition Control116 117

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Guatemala, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful118 119 106 120 107 72 117

Background Checks for Private Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm in a private sale in Guatemala is obliged95 120 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Background Checks for Dealer Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm from a licensed gun dealer in Guatemala is obliged95 120 106 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In Guatemala, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined92

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Guatemala, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated92 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Guatemala include some91 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Guatemala include106 121 108 43 44 49 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Guatemala include112 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Guatemala include122 63 123 94 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Guatemala, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law124 125 60 126 58 127 85 128 62 48 73 113

Firearm Tracing

In Guatemala, state authorities carry out129 130 73 131 132 84 107 85 72 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Guatemala, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are132 84 58 133 85 73 115 recorded in a register

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Guatemala, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law134 30

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Guatemala, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is prohibited135

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Guatemala, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit135 87 88 90 86

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Guatemala, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm136 is eight to 10 years in prison, and up to 15 years for possession of prohibited firearms137 138 61 52 117 45 46 47 139 140 128

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in Guatemala are known to have141 142 143 144 145 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Surrendered in Gun Amnesty

In Guatemala, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered in recent arms amnesty and collection programmes is reported to be 1,818146 (1996-98)

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Guatemala, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2015: 4,4409
2013: 4,408147 148
2012: 4,375147 149
2011: 4,069147 150 151 149
2010: 4,634152 147 151
2009: 4,631153
2004: 2,988145

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn Guatemala, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2016: 5,40920
2010: 6,200154 144 8
2009: 1,500143
2007: 3,000142
2006: 501141

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Guatemala, it is not state policy155 156 112 157 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

Central American Integration System

As a member of the Central American Integration System (SICA), Guatemala is party to the 2007 Central American Programme on Small Arms Control and the Code of Conduct of Central American States on the Transfer of Arms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Material158

Organization of American States

On 14 November 1997, as a member of the Organisation of American States (OAS), Guatemala adopted the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Explosives, Ammunition and Other Related Materials (CIFTA), a legally binding multilateral treaty of which the OAS is depository. The CIFTA Convention has since been signed and ratified159 160 by Guatemala

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 2006161 by Guatemala.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified162 by Guatemala

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified163 by Guatemala

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Guatemala committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects164

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Guatemala against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 84165 166 167 168 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Guatemala has submitted one or more national reports169 170 9 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Guatemala, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated171 170

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Guatemala, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated171 170

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Guatemala submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent172 171 170

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been donated170 by Guatemala to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided170 to Guatemala by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Guatemala has not declared173 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Guatemala has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1945174

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list175 Guatemala as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Guatemala, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Guatemala ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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