Find Gun Policy Facts

Armed violence prevention, gun control laws and the small arms trade:

Guatemala — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Guatemala is 1,600,0001 2 3 4

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) in Guatemala is 11.575 2 3 firearms per 100 people

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Guatemala ranked at No. 416

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Guatemala ranked at No. 493

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

The number of licensed gun owners in Guatemala is reported to be 123,0007

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

The rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Guatemala is 1.135

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Guatemala is reported to be

2011: 400,4838
2010: 187,3759
2009: 393,99610
2006: 253,51411 4 12
2000: 170,00013

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in Guatemala is

2011: 2.905
2010: 1.38
2009: 2.97
2006: 1.9511
2000: 1.535

Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Guatemala there are estimated to be 800,0008 4 7 to 1,600,00013 9

Estimated Rate of Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Guatemala there are estimated to be 4.59 to 14.435 illicit firearms per 100 people

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Guatemala are reported to have 112,00014 15 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Guatemala are reported to have 44,00014 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Guatemala, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2012: 4,55116
2009: 5,56617

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Guatemala, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2012: 32.316
2009: 41.925

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Guatemala, annual homicides by any means total

2013: 5,25518
2012: 5,23718 19 20
2011: 5,68118 19 21
2010: 5,96018 19 21 22 23
2009: 6,498
2008: 6,292
2007: 5,781
2006: 5,885
2005: 5,33818 19 21 22 23 24
2004: 4,50718 19 21 22 23 24 9
2003: 4,23618 19 21 22 23 24
2002: 3,630
2001: 3,230
2000: 2,90418 19 21 22 23
1999: 2,65521
1998: 3,310
1997: 3,998
1996: 3,619
1995: 3,260

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Guatemala, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2013: 34.0418
2012: 34.7418 19 20
2011: 38.6118 19 21
2010: 41.518 19 21 22 23
2009: 46.36
2008: 46.0
2007: 43.32
2006: 45.2
2005: 42.03
2004: 36.3718 19 21 22 23 9
2003: 35.0518 19 21 22 23
2002: 30.79
2001: 28.08
2000: 25.87
1999: 24.221 25
1998: 30.9
1997: 38.1
1996: 35.3
1995: 32.5

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Guatemala, annual firearm homicides total

2013: 4,25718
2012: 4,30318 16
2011: 4,67518
2010: 5,00218 21 26
2009: 5,39319 21 26
2008: 5,222
2007: 4,798
2006: 4,590
2005: 4,21719 21 26 24
2004: 3,64321 26 24
2003: 3,451
2002: 2,743
2001: 2,419
2000: 2,10927 26
1999: 1,83927
1998: 2,392

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Guatemala, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 29.625
2012: 30.525 16
2011: 33.825
2010: 36.915 21 26
2009: 40.625 21 26 23
2008: 40.16
2007: 37.70
2006: 36.85
2005: 34.625 21 26 23
2004: 29.421 26 23 5
2003: 28.5
2002: 23.2
2001: 21.0
2000: 18.5027 26
1999: 16.5727
1998: 22.15

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Guatemala, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2013: 81%18
2012: 81%18 20
2011: 82%18
2010: 84%
2009: 83%19 28
2008: 83%
2007: 83%
2006: 78%
2005: 79%
2004: 80.8%21 9
2003: 81.4%21
2002: 75.5%
2001: 74.9%
2000: 72.6%
1999: 69.3%
1998: 72.3%

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Guatemala, annual suicides by any means total

2009: 53329
2008: 547
2007: 361
2006: 30029 30
2005: 24129
2004: 260
2003: 266
2002: 271
2001: 207
2000: 191

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Guatemala, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2009: 3.829
2008: 4.0
2007: 2.7
2006: 2.329 30
2005: 1.9
2004: 2.129
2003: 2.2
2002: 2.3
2001: 1.8
2000: 1.7

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Guatemala, annual firearm suicides total

2012: 4316
2009: 4517

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Guatemala, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.316
2009: 0.345

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Guatemala, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2012: 1,32616
2009: 17617

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Guatemala, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2012: 9.405
2009: 1.33

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

In Guatemala, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2009: 37317

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

In Guatemala, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2009: 2.815

Non-fatal Gun Injuries

ChartIn Guatemala, the annual number of non-fatal firearm injuries is

2004: 4,00031
2001: 3,21132 33
2000: 3,056
1999: 2,456
1998: 2,616

Rate of Non-fatal Gun Injury per 100,000 People

ChartIn Guatemala, the annual rate of non-fatal firearm injury per 100,000 population is

2004: 33.505
2001: 28.46
2000: 27.57
1999: 22.53
1998: 24.43

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Guatemala, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence,34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 but is not conducted in practice47

Home-made Guns

In Guatemala, the prevalence of illicit craft, or 'home-made' firearm manufacture is reported to be moderate48 43

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Regulation of Firearm Exports

In Guatemala, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law38 39 49 50 51 46 45 52

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Guatemala is reported by Customs to be US$18053 (2011)

Regulation of Firearm Imports

In Guatemala, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law54 55 56 57 58 51 45 46 59 52

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Guatemala is reported by Customs to be US$5,928,53753 (2011)

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Guatemala is moderate8 60

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Guatemala, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law61 62 63 52

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Guatemala include38 39 56 50 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Guatemala is categorised as restrictive64

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Guatemala includes the Firearm and Ammunition Law, Decree 15, 200965 45 and its regulation of 201166

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Guatemala are regulated by the Directorate General for Control of Arms and Ammunition (DIGECAM)67 68 69

Right to Possess Firearms

In Guatemala, the right to private gun ownership is conditionally guaranteed by the Constitution,70 71 72 as limited by statute law73

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Guatemala, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic firearms, military firearms, or weapons of war74 75 76 77

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Guatemala, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited74 75 76 78 20

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Guatemala, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted under licence74 79 78

Regulation of Handguns

In Guatemala, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence74 79 78 20

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Guatemala, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law74 79 78 20

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Guatemala, only licensed gun owners80 81 82 83 84 20 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Guatemala are not required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, but gun ownership for personal security reasons requires government approval, and firearm collection is permitted85 86 87 88

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Guatemala is undefined,88 but is 25 years for a permit to carry,89 with exceptions for younger competitive sports shooters90

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Guatemala must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental health and Army or Police service83 84 86 91 92 20 9 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Guatemala, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required88

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Guatemala does not stipulate93 92 94 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Guatemala, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required95 86 96 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Guatemala, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every one to three years83 97 85

Licensing Records

In Guatemala, authorities maintain a record68 82 80 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Guatemala are permitted to possess any number of firearms98

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Guatemala are permitted to possess only 250 rounds of ammunition of a calibre for which a carrying licence is held and only 200 rounds of ammunition of a calibre for which a possession licence is held99 100

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Guatemala, the law requires68 80 82 83 69 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Guatemala, licensed firearm dealers are required101 102 103 68 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Guatemala, licensed gun makers are required104 105 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Guatemala, State agencies are required106 107 108 109 110 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Guatemala, the private sale and transfer of firearms is permitted111 112

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Guatemala, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful113 114 101 115 102 68 112

Background Checks for Dealer Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm from a licensed gun dealer in Guatemala is obliged91 115 101 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In Guatemala, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined88

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Guatemala include some87 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Guatemala include101 116 103 40 41 46 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Guatemala include107 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Guatemala include117 59 118 90 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Guatemala, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law119 120 57 121 55 122 81 123 45 69 108

Firearm Tracing

In Guatemala, state authorities carry out124 125 69 126 127 80 102 81 68 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Guatemala, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are127 80 55 128 81 69 110 recorded in a register

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Guatemala, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law129 20

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Guatemala, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is prohibited130

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Guatemala, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit130 83 84 86 82

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Guatemala, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm131 is eight to 10 years in prison, and up to 15 years for possession of prohibited firearms132 133 58 49 112 42 43 44 134 135 123

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in Guatemala are known to have136 137 138 139 140 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Surrendered in Gun Amnesty

In Guatemala, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered in recent arms amnesty and collection programmes is reported to be 1,818141 (1996-98)

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Guatemala, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2013: 4,408142 143
2012: 4,375142 144
2011: 4,069142 145 146 144
2010: 4,634147 142 146
2009: 4,631148
2004: 2,988140

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn Guatemala, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2010: 1,5009
501136 (2006) 3000137 (2007) 1500138 (2009) and 6200149 (2010) 139:

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Guatemala, it is not state policy150 151 107 152 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

Central American Integration System

As a member of the Central American Integration System (SICA), Guatemala is party to the 2007 Central American Programme on Small Arms Control and the Code of Conduct of Central American States on the Transfer of Arms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Material153

Organization of American States

On 14 November 1997, as a member of the Organisation of American States (OAS), Guatemala adopted the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Explosives, Ammunition and Other Related Materials (CIFTA), a legally binding multilateral treaty of which the OAS is depository. The CIFTA Convention has since been signed and ratified154 155 by Guatemala

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 2006156 by Guatemala.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has been signed, but not yet ratified157 by Guatemala

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified158 by Guatemala

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Guatemala committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects159

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Guatemala against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 84160 161 162 163 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Guatemala has submitted one or more national reports164 165 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Guatemala, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated166 165

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Guatemala, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated166 165

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Guatemala submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent167 166 165

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been donated165 by Guatemala to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided165 to Guatemala by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Guatemala has not declared168 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Guatemala has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1945169

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list170 Guatemala as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Guatemala, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Guatemala ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


Short References

1.

Metzi Rosales Martel. 2016. ‘In World's Most Violent Country, 30 New Firearms Registered Daily.’ InSight Crime (Bogota). 10 March. (N449) Full Citation

2.

Karp, Aaron.2012.‘Estimated Civilian Gun Ownership.’ Measurement and Use of Statistical Data to Analyze Small Arms in the Caribbean and Latin America.Mexico City:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the Center of Excellence, National Institute of Statistics and Geography (INEGI),28 April. (Q8972)Full Citation

3.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms - Annexe online.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q5)Full Citation

4.

Rodríguez, José de Jesús González.2014.‘Firearms in Central America (Armas en América Central).’ Firearms Trafficking: Context, Legislative Proposals and Public Opinion (Trafico de Armas: Entorno, Propuestas Legislativas y Opinión Pública).Mexico City:Centro de Estudios Sociales y de Opinión Pública (Social Studies and Public Opinion Center),1 December. (Q11774)Full Citation

5.

GunPolicy.org.2016.‘Calculated Rates - Guatemala.’ Historical Population Data - USCB International Data Base.Suitland, MD:US Census Bureau Population Division,20 May. (Q4240)Full Citation

6.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q4)Full Citation

7.

United Nations.1999.‘Analysis of Country Responses.’ United Nations International Study on Firearm Regulation.Vienna:UN Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Division,30 August. (Q1)Full Citation

8.

Karp, Aaron.2012.‘Country Analyses: Guatemala.’ Measurement and Use of Statistical Data to Analyze Small Arms in the Caribbean and Latin America.Mexico City:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the Center of Excellence, National Institute of Statistics and Geography (INEGI),28 April. (Q10529)Full Citation

9.

IEPADES and CIID.2010.‘Guatemala Basic Diagnostic (Diagnóstico Básico de Guatemala).’ Guatemala Basic Diagnostic (Diagnóstico Básico de Guatemala).Guatemala City:Coalición Latinoamericana para la Prevención de la Violencia Armada (CLAVE),4 July. (Q11909)Full Citation

10.

International Commission Against Impunity in Guatemala (CICIG).2009.‘Registration (Registro).’ Firearms and Ammunition in Guatemala (Armas de Fuego y Municiones en Guatemala).Guatemala City:International Commision against Impunity in Guatemala (Comisión Internacional Contra la Impunidad en Guatemala - CICIG),1 December. (Q5467)Full Citation

11.

OAS Hemispheric Citizen Security Observatory.2012.‘Legally Registered Civilian Firearms.’ Report on Citizen Security in the Americas 2012.Washington, DC:Organisation of American States,1 July. (Q9208)Full Citation

12.

Guatemala.2006.‘Industry (Industria).’ National Report of Guatemala on its Implementation of the Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Guatemala to the United Nations,1 January. (Q3649)Full Citation

13.

IEPADES.2001.‘Background (Antecedentes).’ Firearms Proliferation in Guatemala (Proliferación de Armas en Guatemala).Guatemala City:Instituto de Enseñanza para el Desarrollo Sostenible (IEPADES),1 January. (Q5413)Full Citation

14.

Karp, Aaron.2012.‘State Firearms Ownership.’ Measurement and Use of Statistical Data to Analyze Small Arms in the Caribbean and Latin America.Mexico City:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the Center of Excellence, National Institute of Statistics and Geography (INEGI),28 April. (Q8973)Full Citation

15.

Karp, Aaron.2006.‘Trickle and Torrent: State stockpiles.’ Small Arms Survey 2006: Unfinished Business.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q6)Full Citation

16.

Waiselfiz, Julio Jacobo.2015.‘Number and Rate of Gun Deaths in 90 Countries (Número e taxas de mortalidade por AF segundo causa básica em 90 países do mundo).’ Violence Map: Deaths by Firearms (Mapa da Violência: Mortes Matadas por Armas de Fogo).Brasilia:Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales / Latin American Social Sciences Institute,1 January. (Q11896)Full Citation

17.

Fleitas, Diego Manuel, Germán Lodola and Hernán Flom.2014.‘Country Profiles on Crime and Violence: Guatemala.’ Crime and Violence in Latin America and the Caribbean: Regional Country Profiles.Buenos Aires:Asociación para Políticas Públicas (APP) and Action on Armed Violence,1 January. (Q11448)Full Citation

18.

Igarapé Institute.2015.‘Homicides and Homicide Rates 2000 to 2014 - Guatemala.’ Homicide Monitor 2015.Rio de Janeiro:Igarapé Institute,24 June. (Q11111)Full Citation

19.

UNODC.2014.‘Homicides and Gun Homicides in Guatemala.’ Global Study on Homicide 2013: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC),10 April. (Q10163)Full Citation

20.

Butchart, Alexander, Christopher Mikton and Etienne Krug.2014.‘Country Profile: Guatemala.’ Global Status Report on Violence Prevention 2014.Geneva:World Health Organisation (WHO), United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and United Nations Development Programme (UNDP),10 December. (Q9496)Full Citation

21.

UNODC.2013.‘Homicide in 207 Countries - Guatemala.’ Global Study on Homicide 2011: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,26 June. (Q6347)Full Citation

22.

OAS Hemispheric Citizen Security Observatory.2012.‘Intentional Homicide 2000-2011.’ Report on Citizen Security in the Americas 2012.Washington, DC:Organisation of American States,1 July. (Q9209)Full Citation

23.

OAS Observatory on Citizen Security.2011.‘Intentional Homicide.’ Report on Citizen Security in the Americas 2011.Washington, DC:Organisation of American States,1 January. (Q5678)Full Citation

24.

Guatemala.2006.‘Human Development (Desarrollo Humano).’ National Report of Guatemala on its Implementation of the Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Guatemala to the United Nations,1 January. (Q3650)Full Citation

25.

Petrini, Benjamin.2011.‘Latin America and the Caribbean, 1995-2008, Total Recorded Intentional Homicide, Completed, Rate per 100,000 Population.’ World Bank Homicide Rate Dataset 1995-2008.Washington, DC:Social Development Department, World Bank,10 February. (Q3817)Full Citation

26.

OAS Hemispheric Citizen Security Observatory.2012.‘Intentional Homicide Committed by Firearms 2000-2010.’ Report on Citizen Security in the Americas 2012.Washington, DC:Organisation of American States,1 July. (Q9210)Full Citation

27.

UNODC.2004.‘Recorded Intentional Homicide, Completed.’ Seventh United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (1998-2000).Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,19 March. (Q91)Full Citation

28.

Restrepo, Jorge A and Alonso Tobón García.2012.‘Instruments of Violence: Trends in the Use of Firearms.’ Guatemala en la Encrucijada. Panorama de una violencia transformada.Geneva:Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence And Development Secretariat / Small Arms Survey / Conflict Analysis Resource Centre,1 July. (Q10528)Full Citation

29.

OAS Hemispheric Citizen Security Observatory.2012.‘Suicide 2000-2009.’ Report on Citizen Security in the Americas 2012.Washington, DC:Organisation of American States,1 July. (Q9206)Full Citation

30.

OAS Observatory on Citizen Security.2011.‘Suicide.’ Report on Citizen Security in the Americas 2011.Washington, DC:Organisation of American States,1 January. (Q5680)Full Citation

31.

Alonzo, Marisol and Mayda de León.2004.‘Firearms and Crimes (Armas de Fuego y Delitos).’ Evaluation of the Application of the Firearm Law (Diagnóstico sobre la Aplicación de la Ley en Materia de Armas).Guatemala City:Instituto de Enseñanza para el Desarrollo Sostenible (IEPADES) and Oxfam,1 January. (Q5411)Full Citation

32.

IEPADES.2001.‘Non-fatal Firearm Injuries (Heridos por Arma de Fuego).’ Firearms Proliferation in Guatemala (Proliferación de Armas en Guatemala).Guatemala City:Instituto de Enseñanza para el Desarrollo Sostenible (IEPADES),1 January. (Q5412)Full Citation

33.

Godnick, William, Robert Muggah and Camilla Waszink.2002.‘Firearm-related Deaths and Injuries in Guatemala.’ Stray Bullets: the Impact of Small Arms Misuse in Central America.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 October. (Q5676)Full Citation

34.

Guatemala.2009.‘Firearm Manufacturing (Fabricación de Armas de Fuego).’ Firearms and Ammunition Act, Decree No. 15 (Ley de Armas y Municiones, Decreto Numero 15).Guatemala City:Congress of Guatemala,21 April. (Q3862)Full Citation

35.

Guatemala.2009.‘Armouries (Armerías).’ Firearms and Ammunition Act, Decree No. 15 (Ley de Armas y Municiones, Decreto Numero 15).Guatemala City:Congress of Guatemala,21 April. (Q10513)Full Citation

36.

Guatemala.2011.‘Armouries (Armerías).’ Regulation of the Act on Firearms and Ammunition (Reglamento de la Ley de armas y municiones).Guatemala City:Government of the Republic of Guatemala,1 March. (Q10500)Full Citation

37.

Guatemala.2009.‘Prohibitions for Armouries (Prohibiciones para las armerías).’ Firearms and Ammunition Act, Decree No. 15 (Ley de Armas y Municiones, Decreto Numero 15).Guatemala City:Congress of Guatemala,21 April. (Q10514)Full Citation

38.

Guatemala.2009.‘Firearm and Ammunition Exports (Exportación de Armas de Fuego y Municiones).’ Firearms and Ammunition Act, Decree No. 15 (Ley de Armas y Municiones, Decreto Numero 15).Guatemala City:Congress of Guatemala,21 April. (Q3864)Full Citation

39.

Guatemala.2011.‘Export of Firearms and Ammunition (Exportación de armas de fuego y municiones).’ Regulation of the Act on Firearms and Ammunition (Reglamento de la Ley de armas y municiones).Guatemala City:Government of the Republic of Guatemala,1 March. (Q10489)Full Citation

40.

Guatemala.2009.‘Security Measures at Armouries (Seguridad en las Armerías).’ Firearms and Ammunition Act, Decree No. 15 (Ley de Armas y Municiones, Decreto Numero 15).Guatemala City:Congress of Guatemala,21 April. (Q3924)Full Citation

41.

Guatemala.2011.‘Security Measures for Armouries (Medidas de seguridad en armerías).’ Regulation of the Act on Firearms and Ammunition (Reglamento de la Ley de armas y municiones).Guatemala City:Government of the Republic of Guatemala,1 March. (Q10501)Full Citation

42.

Guatemala.2009.‘Illegal Manufacture of Firearms (Fabricación ilegal de armas de fuego).’ Firearms and Ammunition Act, Decree No. 15 (Ley de Armas y Municiones, Decreto Numero 15).Guatemala City:Congress of Guatemala,21 April. (Q10519)Full Citation

43.

Guatemala.2009.‘Manufacture of Home-made Firearms (Fabricación de armas de fuego artesanales).’ Firearms and Ammunition Act, Decree No. 15 (Ley de Armas y Municiones, Decreto Numero 15).Guatemala City:Congress of Guatemala,21 April. (Q10520)Full Citation

44.

Guatemala.2009.‘Possession of Illegal Armoury (Tenencia de armería ilegal).’ Firearms and Ammunition Act, Decree No. 15 (Ley de Armas y Municiones, Decreto Numero 15).Guatemala City:Congress of Guatemala,21 April. (Q10521)Full Citation

45.

Guatemala.2010.‘Achievements in the Implementation of the PoA (Logros en la Implementación del Programa de Acción).’ National Report of Guatemala on its Implementation of the Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Guatemala to the United Nations,1 February. (Q3590)Full Citation

46.

Guatemala.2010.‘Measures to Prevent Illict Arms Trade (Medidas para Prevenir el Comercio Ilícito de Armas).’ National Report of Guatemala on its Implementation of the Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Guatemala to the United Nations,1 February. (Q3591)Full Citation

47.

Guatemala.2014.‘Manufacture.’ National Report of Guatemala on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA) and the International Tracing Instrument (ITI).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Guatemala to the United Nations,1 January. (Q10532)Full Citation

48.

Guatemala.2006.‘Illegal Firearm Manufacturing and Trafficking (Fabricación y Tráfico Ilícitos de Armas).’ National Report of Guatemala on its Implementation of the Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Guatemala to the United Nations,1 January. (Q3587)Full Citation

49.

Guatemala.2009.‘Illegal Export of Firearms (Exportación ilegal de armas de fuego).’ Firearms and Ammunition Act, Decree No. 15 (Ley de Armas y Municiones, Decreto Numero 15).Guatemala City:Congress of Guatemala,21 April. (Q10517)Full Citation

50.

Guatemala.2014.‘International Transfers.’ National Report of Guatemala on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA) and the International Tracing Instrument (ITI).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Guatemala to the United Nations,1 January. (Q10533)Full Citation

51.

Guatemala.2014.‘International Transfers.’ National Report of Guatemala on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA) and the International Tracing Instrument (ITI).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Guatemala to the United Nations,1 January. (Q10534)Full Citation

52.

Guatemala.2009.‘General Prohibitions on Transfer and Brokering (Prohibiciones generales de transferencia e intermediación).’ Firearms and Ammunition Act, Decree No. 15 (Ley de Armas y Municiones, Decreto Numero 15).Guatemala City:Congress of Guatemala,21 April. (Q10515)Full Citation

53.

Marsh, Nicholas.2014.‘Database of Authorised Transfers of Small Arms and Light Weapons.’ NISAT Small Arms Trade Database.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,22 December. (Q16)Full Citation

54.

Guatemala.2009.‘Firearm and Ammunition Imports (Importación de Armas y Municiones).’ Firearms and Ammunition Act, Decree No. 15 (Ley de Armas y Municiones, Decreto Numero 15).Guatemala City:Congress of Guatemala,21 April. (Q3866)Full Citation

55.

Guatemala.2009.‘Procedure for Registration of Imported Firearms (Procedimiento de registro de armas importadas).’ Firearms and Ammunition Act, Decree No. 15 (Ley de Armas y Municiones, Decreto Numero 15).Guatemala City:Congress of Guatemala,21 April. (Q10510)Full Citation

56.

Guatemala.2011.‘Requirements for the Import of Firearms and their Ammunition (Requisitos para importar armas de fuego y sus municiones).’ Regulation of the Act on Firearms and Ammunition (Reglamento de la Ley de armas y municiones).Guatemala City:Government of the Republic of Guatemala,1 March. (Q10490)Full Citation

57.

Guatemala.2011.‘Marking - Barrels, Frames, and Receivers (Marcajes - cañones, marcos y cajones de mecanismos).’ Regulation of the Act on Firearms and Ammunition (Reglamento de la Ley de armas y municiones).Guatemala City:Government of the Republic of Guatemala,1 March. (Q10503)Full Citation

58.

Guatemala.2009.‘Illegal Importation of Firearms (Importación ilegal de armas).’ Firearms and Ammunition Act, Decree No. 15 (Ley de Armas y Municiones, Decreto Numero 15).Guatemala City:Congress of Guatemala,21 April. (Q10516)Full Citation

59.

Guatemala.2009.‘Firearm and Ammunition Transit (Tránsito de Armas de Fuego y Municiones).’ Firearms and Ammunition Act, Decree No. 15 (Ley de Armas y Municiones, Decreto Numero 15).Guatemala City:Congress of Guatemala,21 April. (Q3868)Full Citation

60.

UNODC.2012.‘How Is the Trafficking Conducted?.’ Transnational Organized Crime in Central America and the Caribbean: A Threat Assessment.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,1 September. (Q11644)Full Citation

61.

Guatemala.2009.‘Brokering (Intermediación).’ Firearms and Ammunition Act, Decree No. 15 (Ley de Armas y Municiones, Decreto Numero 15).Guatemala City:Congress of Guatemala,21 April. (Q3923)Full Citation

62.

Guatemala.2011.‘Requirements for a Broker's Licence (Requisitos para licencia de intermediación).’ Regulation of the Act on Firearms and Ammunition (Reglamento de la Ley de armas y municiones).Guatemala City:Government of the Republic of Guatemala,1 March. (Q10506)Full Citation

63.

Guatemala.2014.‘Brokering.’ National Report of Guatemala on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA) and the International Tracing Instrument (ITI).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Guatemala to the United Nations,1 January. (Q10535)Full Citation

64.

Newton, George D and Franklin E Zimring.1969.‘Firearm Licensing: Permissive v Restrictive.’ Firearms & Violence in American Life: A staff report submitted to the National Commission on the Causes and Prevention of Violence.Washington, DC:US Government Printing Office,1 January. (Q22)Full Citation

65.

Guatemala.2009.‘Objecto (Purpose).’ Firearms and Ammunition Act, Decree No. 15 (Ley de Armas y Municiones, Decreto Numero 15).Guatemala City:Congress of Guatemala,21 April. (Q4324)Full Citation

66.

Guatemala.2011.‘Objective (Objeto).’ Regulation of the Act on Firearms and Ammunition (Reglamento de la Ley de armas y municiones).Guatemala City:Government of the Republic of Guatemala,1 March. (Q10487)Full Citation

67.

Guatemala.2009.‘DIGECAM.’ Firearms and Ammunition Act, Decree No. 15 (Ley de Armas y Municiones, Decreto Numero 15).Guatemala City:Congress of Guatemala,21 April. (Q10509)Full Citation

68.

Guatemala.2009.‘Duties of the Office for Arms and Ammunition Control (Funciones de la DIGECAM).’ Firearms and Ammunition Act, Decree No. 15 (Ley de Armas y Municiones, Decreto Numero 15).Guatemala City:Congress of Guatemala,21 April. (Q4037)Full Citation

69.

Guatemala.2010.‘Registration and Marking (Registro y Marcaje).’ National Report of Guatemala on its Implementation of the Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Guatemala to the United Nations,1 February. (Q3589)Full Citation

70.

Comparative Constitutions Project.2013.‘Possession and Bearing of Arms.’ Guatemala's Constitution of 1985 with Amendments through 1993 - English.Austin, TX:Comparative Constitutions Project / CCP,1 September. (Q8505)Full Citation

71.

Sherman, Amy and Tom Ginsburg.2014.‘Gun Rights in National Constitutions.’ Marco Rubio Says Second Amendment Is Unique in Speech to NRA.Miami, FL:Miami Herald (PolitiFact Florida),29 April. (Q8507)Full Citation

72.

Zachary Elkins, Tom Ginsburg and James Melton. 2013. ‘U.S. Gun Rights Truly Are American Exceptionalism.’ Bloomberg (USA). 7 March. (N422) Full Citation

73.

Guatemala.2009.‘Possession (Tenencia).’ Firearms and Ammunition Act, Decree No. 15 (Ley de Armas y Municiones, Decreto Numero 15).Guatemala City:Congress of Guatemala,21 April. (Q3872)Full Citation

74.

Guatemala.2009.‘Civilian Firearms (Armas de Fuego de Uso Civil).’ Firearms and Ammunition Act, Decree No. 15 (Ley de Armas y Municiones, Decreto Numero 15).Guatemala City:Congress of Guatemala,21 April. (Q3809)Full Citation

75.

Guatemala.2009.‘Firearms for the Use of the Army and Security Forces (Armas de Uso del Ejército y Fuerzas de Seguridad).’ Firearms and Ammunition Act, Decree No. 15 (Ley de Armas y Municiones, Decreto Numero 15).Guatemala City:Congress of Guatemala,21 April. (Q3810)Full Citation

76.

Guatemala.2009.‘Description of Firearms for Collective Use and Management (Descripción de las armas de uso y manejo colectivo).’ Firearms and Ammunition Act, Decree No. 15 (Ley de Armas y Municiones, Decreto Numero 15).Guatemala City:Congress of Guatemala,21 April. (Q10507)Full Citation

77.

Guatemala.2009.‘General Prohibitions (Prohibiciones Generales).’ Firearms and Ammunition Act, Decree No. 15 (Ley de Armas y Municiones, Decreto Numero 15).Guatemala City:Congress of Guatemala,21 April. (Q10512)Full Citation

78.

Guatemala.2009.‘Description of Firearms for Private Use and Management (Descripción de las armas de uso y manejo individual).’ Firearms and Ammunition Act, Decree No. 15 (Ley de Armas y Municiones, Decreto Numero 15).Guatemala City:Congress of Guatemala,21 April. (Q10508)Full Citation

79.

Guatemala.2009.‘Sporting Firearms (Armas de Fuego Deportivas).’ Firearms and Ammunition Act, Decree No. 15 (Ley de Armas y Municiones, Decreto Numero 15).Guatemala City:Congress of Guatemala,21 April. (Q4181)Full Citation

80.

Guatemala.2009.‘Possession Licence (Registro de Tenencia).’ Firearms and Ammunition Act, Decree No. 15 (Ley de Armas y Municiones, Decreto Numero 15).Guatemala City:Congress of Guatemala,21 April. (Q3873)Full Citation

81.

Guatemala.2011.‘Registration of Possession (Registro de tenencia).’ Regulation of the Act on Firearms and Ammunition (Reglamento de la Ley de armas y municiones).Guatemala City:Government of the Republic of Guatemala,1 March. (Q10496)Full Citation

82.

Guatemala.2009.‘Carrying of Firearms in Rural Properties (Portación de Armas en Propiedades Rústicas).’ Firearms and Ammunition Act, Decree No. 15 (Ley de Armas y Municiones, Decreto Numero 15).Guatemala City:Congress of Guatemala,21 April. (Q3921)Full Citation

83.

Guatemala.2009.‘Gun Carrying Licence (Licencia de Portación).’ Firearms and Ammunition Act, Decree No. 15 (Ley de Armas y Municiones, Decreto Numero 15).Guatemala City:Congress of Guatemala,21 April. (Q3875)Full Citation

84.

Guatemala.2011.‘Licence to Carry Firearms (Licencia de portación de arma de fuego).’ Regulation of the Act on Firearms and Ammunition (Reglamento de la Ley de armas y municiones).Guatemala City:Government of the Republic of Guatemala,1 March. (Q10497)Full Citation

85.

Guatemala.2009.‘Licensing Exceptions (Licencias - Casos de Excepción).’ Firearms and Ammunition Act, Decree No. 15 (Ley de Armas y Municiones, Decreto Numero 15).Guatemala City:Congress of Guatemala,21 April. (Q3922)Full Citation

86.

Guatemala.2011.‘Carrying Firearms - Exceptions for Personal Security (Portación de arma de fuego - excepciones para seguridad personal).’ Regulation of the Act on Firearms and Ammunition (Reglamento de la Ley de armas y municiones).Guatemala City:Government of the Republic of Guatemala,1 March. (Q10498)Full Citation

87.

Guatemala.2009.‘Firearm Collections (Tenencia de Armas de Fuego de Colección).’ Firearms and Ammunition Act, Decree No. 15 (Ley de Armas y Municiones, Decreto Numero 15).Guatemala City:Congress of Guatemala,21 April. (Q4180)Full Citation

88.

Guatemala.2009.‘Objecto (Purpose).’ Firearms and Ammunition Act, Decree No. 15 (Ley de Armas y Municiones, Decreto Numero 15).Guatemala City:Congress of Guatemala,21 April. (Q4325)Full Citation

89.

Guatemala.2009.‘Firearm Carrying Prohibition (Prohibición de Portación).’ Firearms and Ammunition Act, Decree No. 15 (Ley de Armas y Municiones, Decreto Numero 15).Guatemala City:Congress of Guatemala,21 April. (Q3969)Full Citation

90.

Guatemala.2009.‘Young Shooters (Jóvenes Tiradores).’ Firearms and Ammunition Act, Decree No. 15 (Ley de Armas y Municiones, Decreto Numero 15).Guatemala City:Congress of Guatemala,21 April. (Q3967)Full Citation

91.

Guatemala.2009.‘Buying and Selling Requirements (Requisitos de Compraventa).’ Firearms and Ammunition Act, Decree No. 15 (Ley de Armas y Municiones, Decreto Numero 15).Guatemala City:Congress of Guatemala,21 April. (Q3869)Full Citation

92.

Guatemala.2009.‘Public Order (Razones de Orden Público).’ Firearms and Ammunition Act, Decree No. 15 (Ley de Armas y Municiones, Decreto Numero 15).Guatemala City:Congress of Guatemala,21 April. (Q3919)Full Citation

93.

Guatemala.1996.‘Security Measures (De las Medidas de Seguridad).’ Domestic Violence Law 97-1996 (Ley Violencia Intrafamiliar 97-1996).Guatemala City:Congress of Guatemala,28 November. (Q5356)Full Citation

94.

IEPADES.2009.‘Domestic Violence (Violencia Doméstica).’ Analysis of the Decree 15-2009 - Firearm and Ammunition Law (Balance sobre El Decreto 15 -2009 Ley de Armas y Municiones).Guatemala City:IEPADES - Instituto de Enseñanza para el Desarrollo Sostenible,29 April. (Q4194)Full Citation

95.

Guatemala.2009.‘Evaluations (Evaluaciones).’ Firearms and Ammunition Act, Decree No. 15 (Ley de Armas y Municiones, Decreto Numero 15).Guatemala City:Congress of Guatemala,21 April. (Q3920)Full Citation

96.

Guatemala.2011.‘Assessment for First Licence to Carry Firearms (Evaluación para primera licencia de portación de arma de fuego).’ Regulation of the Act on Firearms and Ammunition (Reglamento de la Ley de armas y municiones).Guatemala City:Government of the Republic of Guatemala,1 March. (Q10499)Full Citation

97.

Guatemala.2009.‘Licence Renewal (Renovación de Licencia).’ Firearms and Ammunition Act, Decree No. 15 (Ley de Armas y Municiones, Decreto Numero 15).Guatemala City:Congress of Guatemala,21 April. (Q3965)Full Citation

98.

IEPADES.2009.‘Provisions that Should Have Been Included (Aspectos Importantes que Debieron Incorporarse).’ Analysis of the Decree 15-2009 - Firearm and Ammunition Law (Balance sobre El Decreto 15 -2009 Ley de Armas y Municiones).Guatemala City:IEPADES - Instituto de Enseñanza para el Desarrollo Sostenible,29 April. (Q4193)Full Citation

99.

Guatemala.2009.‘Ammunition Buying and Selling (Compraventa de Municiones).’ Firearms and Ammunition Act, Decree No. 15 (Ley de Armas y Municiones, Decreto Numero 15).Guatemala City:Congress of Guatemala,21 April. (Q3870)Full Citation

100.

Guatemala.2011.‘Special Permit for Purchasing Ammunition (Permiso especial para compra de munición).’ Regulation of the Act on Firearms and Ammunition (Reglamento de la Ley de armas y municiones).Guatemala City:Government of the Republic of Guatemala,1 March. (Q10494)Full Citation

101.

Guatemala.2009.‘Management of Firearms Shops (Funcionamiento de Establecimientos de Compraventa de Armas).’ Firearms and Ammunition Act, Decree No. 15 (Ley de Armas y Municiones, Decreto Numero 15).Guatemala City:Congress of Guatemala,21 April. (Q3966)Full Citation

102.

Guatemala.2011.‘Connection to DIGECAM System (Conexión al sistema informático de la DIGECAM).’ Regulation of the Act on Firearms and Ammunition (Reglamento de la Ley de armas y municiones).Guatemala City:Government of the Republic of Guatemala,1 March. (Q10493)Full Citation

103.

Guatemala.2009.‘Dealer Inventory (Inventario del vendedor).’ Firearms and Ammunition Act, Decree No. 15 (Ley de Armas y Municiones, Decreto Numero 15).Guatemala City:Congress of Guatemala,21 April. (Q10511)Full Citation

104.

Guatemala.2009.‘Monthly Reports - Manufacturing (Informes Mensuales - Fabricación).’ Firearms and Ammunition Act, Decree No. 15 (Ley de Armas y Municiones, Decreto Numero 15).Guatemala City:Congress of Guatemala,21 April. (Q4039)Full Citation

105.

Guatemala.2009.‘Obligations of Armoury Owners (Obligaciones de los Propietarios de Armería).’ Firearms and Ammunition Act, Decree No. 15 (Ley de Armas y Municiones, Decreto Numero 15).Guatemala City:Congress of Guatemala,21 April. (Q4041)Full Citation

106.

Guatemala.2009.‘Registration of the State Forces' Firearms (Registro de las Armas de las Fuerzas del Estado).’ Firearms and Ammunition Act, Decree No. 15 (Ley de Armas y Municiones, Decreto Numero 15).Guatemala City:Congress of Guatemala,21 April. (Q4038)Full Citation

107.

Guatemala.2014.‘Stockpile Management.’ National Report of Guatemala on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA) and the International Tracing Instrument (ITI).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Guatemala to the United Nations,1 January. (Q10536)Full Citation

108.

Guatemala.2010.‘Marking of Government Firearms (Marcaje de Armas Gubernamentales).’ National Report of Guatemala on its Implementation of the Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Guatemala to the United Nations,1 February. (Q3588)Full Citation

109.

Guatemala.2009.‘Carrying of Firearms by the State Security Forces (Portación de Armas por Miembros de las Fuerzas de Seguridad del Estado).’ Firearms and Ammunition Act, Decree No. 15 (Ley de Armas y Municiones, Decreto Numero 15).Guatemala City:Congress of Guatemala,21 April. (Q3925)Full Citation

110.

International Commission Against Impunity in Guatemala (CICIG).2009.‘Relevant Aspects of the Decree 15-2009 (Aspectos más Relevantes del Decreto 15-2009).’ Firearms and Ammunition in Guatemala (Armas de Fuego y Municiones en Guatemala).Guatemala City:International Commision against Impunity in Guatemala (Comisión Internacional Contra la Impunidad en Guatemala - CICIG),1 December. (Q5469)Full Citation

111.

Guatemala.2009.‘Private Buying and Selling (Compraventa entre Particulares).’ Firearms and Ammunition Act, Decree No. 15 (Ley de Armas y Municiones, Decreto Numero 15).Guatemala City:Congress of Guatemala,21 April. (Q3871)Full Citation

112.

Guatemala.2009.‘Illegal Sale of Firearms (Venta ilegal de armas de fuego).’ Firearms and Ammunition Act, Decree No. 15 (Ley de Armas y Municiones, Decreto Numero 15).Guatemala City:Congress of Guatemala,21 April. (Q10518)Full Citation

113.

Guatemala.2009.‘Firearm Dealing (Compraventa).’ Firearms and Ammunition Act, Decree No. 15 (Ley de Armas y Municiones, Decreto Numero 15).Guatemala City:Congress of Guatemala,21 April. (Q4017)Full Citation

114.

Guatemala.2011.‘Dealer Sales (Compraventa).’ Regulation of the Act on Firearms and Ammunition (Reglamento de la Ley de armas y municiones).Guatemala City:Government of the Republic of Guatemala,1 March. (Q10491)Full Citation

115.

Guatemala.2011.‘Requirements to Purchase a Firearm for Civil or Sporting or Personal Use (Requisitos para comprar un arma de fuego de uso civil, deportiva o de uso y manejo individual).’ Regulation of the Act on Firearms and Ammunition (Reglamento de la Ley de armas y municiones).Guatemala City:Government of the Republic of Guatemala,1 March. (Q10492)Full Citation

116.

Guatemala.2011.‘Security Measures in Firearm Sales Establishments (Medidas de seguridad en establecimientos de compraventa de armas de fuego).’ Regulation of the Act on Firearms and Ammunition (Reglamento de la Ley de armas y municiones).Guatemala City:Government of the Republic of Guatemala,1 March. (Q10495)Full Citation

117.

Guatemala.2009.‘Firearm and Ammunition Transport (Transporte de Armas de Fuego y Municiones).’ Firearms and Ammunition Act, Decree No. 15 (Ley de Armas y Municiones, Decreto Numero 15).Guatemala City:Congress of Guatemala,21 April. (Q3867)Full Citation

118.

Guatemala.2009.‘Authorised Transfer of Sport Firearms (Autorización de Traslado de Armas de Fuego Deportivas).’ Firearms and Ammunition Act, Decree No. 15 (Ley de Armas y Municiones, Decreto Numero 15).Guatemala City:Congress of Guatemala,21 April. (Q3968)Full Citation

119.

Guatemala.2009.‘Marking (Marcaje).’ Firearms and Ammunition Act, Decree No. 15 (Ley de Armas y Municiones, Decreto Numero 15).Guatemala City:Congress of Guatemala,21 April. (Q3863)Full Citation

120.

Guatemala.2011.‘Marking of Firearms Manufactured in the Country (Marcaje de armas fabricadas en el país).’ Regulation of the Act on Firearms and Ammunition (Reglamento de la Ley de armas y municiones).Guatemala City:Government of the Republic of Guatemala,1 March. (Q10502)Full Citation

121.

Guatemala.2011.‘Marking of Firearms Without Visible Data (Marcaje de armas de fuego sin datos visibles).’ Regulation of the Act on Firearms and Ammunition (Reglamento de la Ley de armas y municiones).Guatemala City:Government of the Republic of Guatemala,1 March. (Q10504)Full Citation

122.

Guatemala.2011.‘Marking Firearms that Lack Identification Data (Marcaje de armas de fuego que carezcan de datos de identificación).’ Regulation of the Act on Firearms and Ammunition (Reglamento de la Ley de armas y municiones).Guatemala City:Government of the Republic of Guatemala,1 March. (Q10505)Full Citation

123.

Guatemala.2009.‘Possession or Carrying Firearms with Altered Registration Numbers (Tenencia o portación de arma de fuego con número de registro alterado).’ Firearms and Ammunition Act, Decree No. 15 (Ley de Armas y Municiones, Decreto Numero 15).Guatemala City:Congress of Guatemala,21 April. (Q10524)Full Citation

124.

Guatemala.2014.‘International Tracing.’ National Report of Guatemala on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA) and the International Tracing Instrument (ITI).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Guatemala to the United Nations,1 January. (Q10537)Full Citation

125.

Guatemala.2014.‘Further Comments on PoA and ITI.’ National Report of Guatemala on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA) and the International Tracing Instrument (ITI).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Guatemala to the United Nations,1 January. (Q10539)Full Citation

126.

Guatemala.2010.‘Effective Implementation of ITI (Efectiva Implementación del ITI).’ National Report of Guatemala on its Implementation of the Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Guatemala to the United Nations,1 February. (Q10530)Full Citation

127.

Guatemala.2009.‘Firearm Database (Banco de Datos).’ Firearms and Ammunition Act, Decree No. 15 (Ley de Armas y Municiones, Decreto Numero 15).Guatemala City:Congress of Guatemala,21 April. (Q3861)Full Citation

128.

Guatemala.2011.‘Bank of Ballistic Data (Banco de datos balístico).’ Regulation of the Act on Firearms and Ammunition (Reglamento de la Ley de armas y municiones).Guatemala City:Government of the Republic of Guatemala,1 March. (Q10488)Full Citation

129.

Guatemala.2009.‘Carrying Firearms (Portación).’ Firearms and Ammunition Act, Decree No. 15 (Ley de Armas y Municiones, Decreto Numero 15).Guatemala City:Congress of Guatemala,21 April. (Q3874)Full Citation

130.

Guatemala.2009.‘Ostentatiously Carrying a Firearm (Portación Ostentosa de Arma de Fuego).’ Firearms and Ammunition Act, Decree No. 15 (Ley de Armas y Municiones, Decreto Numero 15).Guatemala City:Congress of Guatemala,21 April. (Q3963)Full Citation

131.

GunPolicy.org. 2015. ‘Penalty for Unlawful Firearm Possession.’ Definition and Selection Criteria.
Sydney School of Public Health, 23 January.
(G93) Full Citation

132.

Guatemala.2009.‘Illegal Carrying of Civilian and/or Sports Firearms (Portación Ilegal de Armas de Uso Civil y/o Deportivas).’ Firearms and Ammunition Act, Decree No. 15 (Ley de Armas y Municiones, Decreto Numero 15).Guatemala City:Congress of Guatemala,21 April. (Q3964)Full Citation

133.

Guatemala.2009.‘Illegal Possession of Firearms (Tenencia Ilegal de Armas).’ Firearms and Ammunition Act, Decree No. 15 (Ley de Armas y Municiones, Decreto Numero 15).Guatemala City:Congress of Guatemala,21 April. (Q3970)Full Citation

134.

Guatemala.2009.‘Illegal Carrying of Home-made Firearms (Portación ilegal de armas artesanal).’ Firearms and Ammunition Act, Decree No. 15 (Ley de Armas y Municiones, Decreto Numero 15).Guatemala City:Congress of Guatemala,21 April. (Q10522)Full Citation

135.

Guatemala.2009.‘Illegally Carrying Military Firearms (Portación ilegal de armas de fuego bélicas).’ Firearms and Ammunition Act, Decree No. 15 (Ley de Armas y Municiones, Decreto Numero 15).Guatemala City:Congress of Guatemala,21 April. (Q10523)Full Citation

136.

Guatemala.2006.‘Firearm Destruction (Destrucción de Armas).’ National Report of Guatemala on its Implementation of the Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Guatemala to the United Nations,1 January. (Q3586)Full Citation

137.

Guatemala.2008.‘Firearms Destruction (Destrucción de Armas).’ National Report of Guatemala on its Implementation of the Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Guatemala to the United Nations,31 March. (Q3577)Full Citation

138.

Guatemala.2010.‘Firearms Destruction (Destrucción de Armas).’ National Report of Guatemala on its Implementation of the Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Guatemala to the United Nations,1 February. (Q3576)Full Citation

139.

UNODC.2010.‘UNODC helps Guatemala in the Fight against Organised Crime (UNODC Asiste a Guatemala en la Lucha contra el Crimen Organizado).’ UNODC Press Release (UNODC Comunicado de Prensa).Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,17 March. (Q5464)Full Citation

140.

REDCEPAZ.2006.‘Seized Firearms (Decomiso de Armas).’ The Problem of Illegal Arms in Central America (El problema de las Armas Ilegales en Centroamérica).Guatemala City:REDCEPAZ (Red Centroamericana para la Construcción de la Paz y la Seguridad Humana),1 March. (Q5509)Full Citation

141.

Karp, Aaron.2009.‘Summary of Disarmament Outcomes in 45 DDR Programmes.’ Small Arms Survey 2009: Shadows of War.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,9 July. (Q2941)Full Citation

142.

Karp, Aaron, Nicholas Marsh and Giorgio Ravagli.2015.‘Number of Firearms Reported Seized by Police, 2010-2013.’ UNODC Study on Firearms 2015.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC),3 July. (Q10542)Full Citation

143.

CASAC.2013.‘Firearms Seized in 2013 (Armas Incautadas en 2013).’ Number of Seized Firearms and Ammunition 2009-2013.Managua:Programa Centroamericano para el Control de Armas Pequeñas y Ligeras (CASAC),31 December. (Q11838)Full Citation

144.

CASAC.2013.‘Firearms Seized per Country in 2011-2012 (Total de Armas Incautadas por País 2011-2012).’ Number of Seized Firearms and Ammunition 2009-2013.Managua:Programa Centroamericano para el Control de Armas Pequeñas y Ligeras (CASAC),31 December. (Q11837)Full Citation

145.

UNODC.2012.‘Guatemalan Firearms Seizures in 2011.’ Transnational Organized Crime in Central America and the Caribbean: A Threat Assessment.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,1 September. (Q11645)Full Citation

146.

UNODC.2012.‘What Is the Nature of this Market?.’ Transnational Organized Crime in Central America and the Caribbean: A Threat Assessment.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,1 September. (Q11646)Full Citation

147.

CASAC.2013.‘Firearms and Ammunition Seized in 2010 (Número de Armas y Municiones Incautadas 2010).’ Number of Seized Firearms and Ammunition 2009-2013.Managua:Programa Centroamericano para el Control de Armas Pequeñas y Ligeras (CASAC),31 December. (Q11836)Full Citation

148.

CASAC.2013.‘Firearms and Ammunition Seized in 2009 (Número de armas y municiones incautadas 2009).’ Number of Seized Firearms and Ammunition 2009-2013.Managua:Programa Centroamericano para el Control de Armas Pequeñas y Ligeras (CASAC),31 December. (Q11835)Full Citation

149.

Guatemala.2012.‘Number of Destroyed Firearms.’ National Report of Guatemala on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA) and the International Tracing Instrument (ITI).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Guatemala to the United Nations,1 January. (Q10540)Full Citation

150.

Guatemala.2009.‘Seized Firearms Being Used in Criminal Investigations (Armas en Depósito Sujetas a Procesos Judiciales).’ Firearms and Ammunition Act, Decree No. 15 (Ley de Armas y Municiones, Decreto Numero 15).Guatemala City:Congress of Guatemala,21 April. (Q4040)Full Citation

151.

Guatemala.1992.‘Procedure (Procedimiento).’ Criminal Procedure Code 51-92 (Código Procesal Penal 51-92).Guatemala City:Congress of Guatemala,28 September. (Q5355)Full Citation

152.

International Commission Against Impunity in Guatemala (CICIG).2009.‘Institutions that Acquire Arms and Ammunition (Instituciones que Adquiren Armas y Municiones).’ Firearms and Ammunition in Guatemala (Armas de Fuego y Municiones en Guatemala).Guatemala City:International Commision against Impunity in Guatemala (Comisión Internacional Contra la Impunidad en Guatemala - CICIG),1 December. (Q5468)Full Citation

153.

UNODA.2007.‘Central American Programme on Small Arms Control.’ United Nations Programme of Action Implementation Support System: Regional Organisations.New York, NY:Central American Integration System / United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,1 January. (Q3221)Full Citation

154.

OAS / UNODA.1997.‘Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Explosives, Ammunition and Other Related Materials / CIFTA.’ United Nations Programme of Action Implementation Support System: Regional Organisations.New York, NY:Organization of American States / United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,14 November. (Q3244)Full Citation

155.

OAS.1997.‘Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Explosives, Ammunition and Other Related Materials (CIFTA): Signatures and Ratifications.’ Organization of American States, Department of International Law.Washington, DC:Organization of American States,14 November. (Q3262)Full Citation

156.

GDAV.2006.‘Geneva Declaration.’ Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development.Geneva:Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development Secretariat,7 June. (Q7162)Full Citation

157.

UNODA.2013.‘Towards Entry Into Force.’ Arms Trade Treaty.New York, NY:United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,2 April. (Q7226)Full Citation

158.

UNGA.2001.‘United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition.’ UN General Assembly Resolution 55/255.New York, NY:UN General Assembly,31 May. (Q17)Full Citation

159.

UNGA.2001.‘Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects.’ United Nations General Assembly.New York, NY:UN General Assembly,20 July. (Q18)Full Citation

160.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘Findings - Table 3: Reporting States by Rank and Score.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 August. (Q8752)Full Citation

161.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘What do the PoAIM Scores Represent? How Should the PoAIM Scores Be Interpreted?.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 August. (Q8753)Full Citation

162.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘Point Allocation System.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 August. (Q8754)Full Citation

163.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘Introduction.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 August. (Q8755)Full Citation

164.

Cattaneo, Silvia and Sarah Parker.2008.‘Reporting, NPCs and NCAs, 2002 to 2008.’ Implementing the United Nations Programme of Action on Small Arms and Light Weapons: Analysis of the National Reports submitted by States from 2002 to 2008.Geneva:United Nations Development Programme,1 November. (Q20)Full Citation

165.

UNODA.2015.‘PoA-ISS Country Profiles.’ UN small arms Programme of Action (UNPoA) - Implementation Support System.New York, NY:United Nations Office of Disarmament Affairs,11 September. (Q1309)Full Citation

166.

IANSA.2006.‘Reviewing Action on Small Arms 2006: Assessing the first five years of the UN Programme of Action.’ Biting the Bullet 'Red Book' 2006.New York, NY:International Action Network on Small Arms and the Biting the Bullet project,26 June. (Q166)Full Citation

167.

Guatemala.2010.‘Best Practices in the Implementation of the PoA (Mejores Prácticas en la Implementación del PoA).’ National Report of Guatemala on its Implementation of the Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Guatemala to the United Nations,1 February. (Q3575)Full Citation

168.

UNODA.2011.‘National Reports on Small Arms Exports.’ United Nations Register of Conventional Arms - The Global Reported Arms Trade.New York, NY:United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,21 October. (Q14)Full Citation

169.

UN.2013.‘Member States of the United Nations.’ UN.org Web Site.New York, NY:United Nations General Assembly,7 April. (Q290)Full Citation

170.

Wassenaar Arrangement.1996.‘Introduction: Participating States.’ Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies.Vienna:Wassenaar Secretariat,12 July. (Q19)Full Citation