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Guam — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Proportion of Adults Living in a Home With a Gun

In Guam, the percentage of adults living in a household with a firearm is reported to be 2001: 14.3%1

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Guam, annual homicides by any means total

2011: 42
2010: 3
2009: 5
2008: 1
2007: 12 3
2006: 11
2005: 7
2004: 9
2003: 8
2002: 2
2001: 8
2000: 2

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Guam, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2011: 2.52
2010: 1.9
2009: 3.2
2008: 0.6
2007: 0.62 3
2006: 6.9
2005: 4.4
2004: 5.7
2003: 5.1
2002: 1.3
2001: 5.1
2000: 1.3

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Guam, annual firearm homicides total

2007: 04
2004: 6

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

In Guam, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is 2007: 0.005

Handgun Homicides

In Guam, annual handgun homicides total 2012: 06 7

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

In Guam, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is 2012: 0.005

Long Gun Homicides

In Guam, annual long gun homicides total 2012: 06 7

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

In Guam, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is 2012: 0.005

Gun Homicides (Other)

In Guam, annual gun homicides (other) total 2012: 06 7

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

In Guam, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is 2012: 0.005

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Guam is categorised as permissive8

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Guam includes the Guam Code, Chapter 60, Firearms9

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Guam are regulated by the Chief of Police, the Guam Police Department, and the Department of Public Safety10 11

Right to Possess Firearms

In Guam, the right to private gun ownership is conditionally guaranteed by the US Constitution,12 as limited by federal13 and local14 statute law

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Guam, civilians are not allowed to possess machine and sub-machine guns, automatic rifles and any other firearm not a rifle having a barrel length of sixteen inches or greater or not a shotgun having a barrel length of eighteen inches or greater or a revolver or pistol having a barrel length of more than twelve inches15 and handgun ammunition capable of penetrating body armour10

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Guam, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited15

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Guam, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted under licence15 16

Regulation of Handguns

In Guam, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence16 15

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Guam, only licensed gun owners17 18 11 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Guam are not required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, unless seeking approval for a permit to carry a concealed firearm for self-defence purposes18 19

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Guam is 18 years20

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Guam must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental and medical20 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Guam, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required21

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Guam does not stipulate21 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Guam, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is not required21 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Guam, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every three years22

Licensing Records

In Guam, authorities maintain a record22 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Guam are permitted to possess any number of firearms21

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Guam are permitted to possess any quantity of ammunition21

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Guam, the law requires23 22 24 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Guam, licensed firearm dealers are required25 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Guam, the private sale and transfer of firearms is permitted26 27 17

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Guam, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is not unlawful17 26 27 28

Background Checks for Dealer Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm from a licensed gun dealer in Guam is obliged29 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Limit on Gun Dealer Sales

In Guam, the number and type of firearms which can be sold by a licensed gun dealer to a single gun owner is limited to only those firearm types indicated on the holder's identification card22

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Guam do not include21 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Guam include30 25 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Guam do not include21 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Guam do not include21 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Guam, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law31

Firearm Tracing

In Guam, state authorities carry out32 33 34 35 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Guam, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are not21 recorded in a register

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Guam, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is permitted16

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Guam, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is prohibited unless an applicant shows exceptional cause therefor19 36

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Guam, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm37 is 3 years prison and a $1,000 fine38 39

MeasuresInternational Controls

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Guam is not a Member State of the United Nations40

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list41 Guam as a Participating State


Short References

1.

North Carolina State Center for Health Statistics.2002.‘Question: Are any firearms now kept in or around your home? Include those kept in a garage, outdoor storage area, car, truck, or other motor vehicle.’ BRFSS Survey Results 2001 for Nationwide.Atlanta, GA:Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System / BRFSS, US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention / CDC,2 September. (Q8391)Full Citation

2.

UNODC.2014.‘Homicides in Guam.’ Global Study on Homicide 2013: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC),10 April. (Q10352)Full Citation

3.

UNODC.2013.‘Homicide in 207 Countries - Guam.’ Global Study on Homicide 2011: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,26 June. (Q6237)Full Citation

4.

CDC WISQARS.2014.‘Injury Mortality Reports 1999 and Onwards (USA).’ Web-based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System / CDC WISQARS.Atlanta:National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention / CDC,1 January. (Q1377)Full Citation

5.

GunPolicy.org.2014.‘Calculated Rates - Guam.’ Historical Population Data - USCB International Data Base.Suitland, MD:US Census Bureau Population Division,24 April. (Q4339)Full Citation

6.

FBI.2013.‘Crime in the United States / CIUS.’ Uniform Crime Reports / UCR.Washington, DC:US Federal Bureau of Investigation,29 January. (Q1978)Full Citation

7.

Rokaw, William M., James A. Mercy and Jack C. Smith.1990.‘Comparing Death Certificate Data with FBI Crime Reporting Statistics on US Homicides.’ Public Health Reports.Atlanta, GA:Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC),1 September. (Q6535)Full Citation

8.

Newton, George D and Franklin E Zimring.1969.‘Firearm Licensing: Permissive v Restrictive.’ Firearms & Violence in American Life: A staff report submitted to the National Commission on the Causes and Prevention of Violence.Washington, DC:US Government Printing Office,1 January. (Q22)Full Citation

9.

Guam.2003.‘Guiding Legislation.’ Public Law 27-61, Title 10, Chapter 60 - Firearms.Hagatna:Guam Legislature,22 December. (Q1502)Full Citation

10.

Guam.2003.‘Definitions.’ Public Law 27-61, Title 10, Chapter 60 - Firearms.Hagatna:Guam Legislature,22 December. (Q772)Full Citation

11.

Guam.2003.‘Identification Card Required.’ Public Law 27-61, Title 10, Chapter 60 - Firearms.Hagatna:Guam Legislature,22 December. (Q749)Full Citation

12.

USA.1970.‘Second Amendment to the Constitution.’ Constitution of the United States, The Bill of Rights.Washington, DC:Congress of the United States of America,1 January. (Q1954)Full Citation

13.

Scalia, J.2008.‘District of Columbia et al. v. Heller.’ Certiorari to the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit.Washington, DC:Supreme Court of the United States,26 June. (Q8502)Full Citation

14.

Guam.2003.‘Firearms.’ Public Law 27-61, Title 10, Chapter 60.Hagatna:Guam Legislature,22 December. (Q8503)Full Citation

15.

Guam.2003.‘Ownership, Etc., of Certain Firearms Prohibited.’ Public Law 27-61, Title 10, Chapter 60 - Firearms.Hagatna:Guam Legislature,22 December. (Q754)Full Citation

16.

Guam.2003.‘Ownership, Etc., Permitted.’ Public Law 27-61, Title 10, Chapter 60 - Firearms.Hagatna:Guam Legislature,22 December. (Q753)Full Citation

17.

Guam.2003.‘Identification Card - Possession.’ Public Law 27-61, Title 10, Chapter 60 - Firearms.Hagatna:Guam Legislature,22 December. (Q748)Full Citation

18.

Guam.2003.‘Identification Card - Restrictions.’ Public Law 27-61, Title 10, Chapter 60 - Firearms.Hagatna:Guam Legislature,22 December. (Q746)Full Citation

19.

Guam.2003.‘Concealed Firearms.’ Public Law 27-61, Title 10, Chapter 60 - Firearms.Hagatna:Guam Legislature,22 December. (Q747)Full Citation

20.

Guam.2003.‘Identification Card - Restrictions.’ Public Law 27-61, Title 10, Chapter 60 - Firearms.Hagatna:Guam Legislature,22 December. (Q752)Full Citation

21.

Guam.2003.‘Firearm Legislation.’ Public Law 27-61, Title 10, Chapter 60 - Firearms.Hagatna:Guam Legislature,22 December. (Q4141)Full Citation

22.

Guam.2003.‘Identification Card: Contents.’ Public Law 27-61, Title 10, Chapter 60 - Firearms.Hagatna:Guam Legislature,22 December. (Q751)Full Citation

23.

Guam.2003.‘Registration.’ Public Law 27-61, Title 10, Chapter 60 - Firearms.Hagatna:Guam Legislature,22 December. (Q759)Full Citation

24.

Guam.2003.‘Registration of Prohibited Firearms.’ Public Law 27-61, Title 10, Chapter 60 - Firearms.Hagatna:Guam Legislature,22 December. (Q755)Full Citation

25.

Guam.2003.‘Conduct of Dealer's Business.’ Public Law 27-61, Title 10, Chapter 60 - Firearms.Hagatna:Guam Legislature,22 December. (Q765)Full Citation

26.

Guam.2003.‘Transfer of Firearm: Private.’ Public Law 27-61, Title 10, Chapter 60 - Firearms.Hagatna:Guam Legislature,22 December. (Q761)Full Citation

27.

Guam.2003.‘Private Sale or Transfer.’ Public Law 27-61, Title 10, Chapter 60 - Firearms.Hagatna:Guam Legislature,22 December. (Q762)Full Citation

28.

Guam.2003.‘Dealer: Register: Dealer, etc., must register.’ Public Law 27-61, Title 10, Chapter 60 - Firearms.Hagatna:Guam Legislature,22 December. (Q763)Full Citation

29.

USA.2007.‘Identify Groups and Individuals Associated with Illicit SALW Activities.’ National Report of the United States of America on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of the United States to the United Nations,17 July. (Q1592)Full Citation

30.

Guam.2003.‘Conduct of Dealer's Business.’ Public Law 27-61, Title 10, Chapter 60 - Firearms.Hagatna:Guam Legislature,22 December. (Q757)Full Citation

31.

Guam.2003.‘Identification Card - Possession.’ Public Law 27-61, Title 10, Chapter 60 - Firearms.Hagatna:Guam Legislature,22 December. (Q766)Full Citation

32.

USA.2008.‘Implementing of the International Tracing Instrument (ITI).’ National Report of the United States of America on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of the United States to the United Nations,1 January. (Q1588)Full Citation

33.

USA.2008.‘Implementing of the International Tracing Instrument (ITI).’ National Report of the United States of America on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of the United States to the United Nations,1 January. (Q1590)Full Citation

34.

Cattaneo, Silvia and Sarah Parker.2008.‘Marking and Tracing.’ Implementing the United Nations Programme of Action on Small Arms and Light Weapons: Analysis of the National Reports submitted by States from 2002 to 2008.Geneva:UN Development Programme / UNDP, UN Institute for Disarmament Research / UNIDIR, UN Office for Disarmament Affairs / UNODA, Small Arms Survey,1 November. (Q1977)Full Citation

35.

Wintemute, G J.2009.‘Introduction.’ Disproportionate Sales of Crime Guns Among Licensed Handgun Retailers in the United States: A Case-Control Study.London:BMJ Journals: Injury Prevention,5 October. (Q1979)Full Citation

36.

Guam.2003.‘Identification Card - Restrictions.’ Public Law 27-61, Title 10, Chapter 60 - Firearms.Hagatna:Guam Legislature,22 December. (Q756)Full Citation

37.

GunPolicy.org. 2015. ‘Penalty for Unlawful Firearm Possession.’ Definition and Selection Criteria.
Sydney School of Public Health, 23 January.
(G93) Full Citation

38.

Guam.2003.‘Prohibitions and Penalties.’ Public Law 27-61, Title 10, Chapter 60 - Firearms.Hagatna:Guam Legislature,22 December. (Q769)Full Citation

39.

Guam.2003.‘Ownership, Etc., of Certain Firearms Prohibited.’ Public Law 27-61, Title 10, Chapter 60 - Firearms.Hagatna:Guam Legislature,22 December. (Q767)Full Citation

40.

UN.2013.‘Member States of the United Nations.’ UN.org Web Site.New York, NY:United Nations General Assembly,7 April. (Q290)Full Citation

41.

Wassenaar Arrangement.1996.‘Introduction: Participating States.’ Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies.Vienna:Wassenaar Secretariat,12 July. (Q19)Full Citation