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Germany — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Germany is

2016: 25,900,0001 2 3 4
2013: 25,500,0005 2
2005: 25,000,0006

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Germany is

2016: 32.07 8
2013: 31.42
2005: 30.36

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Germany ranked at No. 49

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Germany ranked at No. 156

Proportion of Households with Firearms

ChartIn Germany, the percentage of households with one or more guns is reported to be

2005: 12.5%10
1989: 9.2%

Proportion of Households with Handguns

ChartIn Germany, the percentage of households with one or more handguns is reported to be

2005: 4.2%10
1989: 6.7%

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

ChartThe number of licensed gun owners in Germany is reported to be

2016: 2,500,00011 2 3
2013: 1,400,0005
1999: 2,000,00012

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Germany is

2016: 3.097
2013: 1.72
1999: 2.44

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Germany is reported to be

2016: 5,900,0001 2 3
2013: 5,500,0005 2
2005: 7,200,0006
2004: 7,000,00013

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in Germany is

2016: 7.307
2013: 6.77
2005: 8.73
2004: 8.49

Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms

ChartUnlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Germany there are estimated to be

2016: 20,000,0002 3
2013: 20,000,0002
2004: 17,000,00013

Estimated Rate of Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

ChartUnlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Germany the rate of illicit firearms per 100 people is estimated to be

2016: 24.787
2013: 24.65
2004: 20.61

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Germany are reported to have 1,205,725 to 3,139,50014 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Germany are reported to have 300,96715 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Germany, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 82016 17 18 19
2013: 926
2012: 81916 17 18 19 20
2011: 87816 17 18 19
2010: 90321
2009: 93616 17 18 19
2008: 953
2007: 959
2006: 953
2005: 1,044
2004: 1,145
2003: 1,122
2002: 1,061
2001: 1,102
2000: 1,112
1999: 1,201
1998: 1,164

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Germany, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 1.017
2013: 1.14
2012: 1.017 20
2011: 1.087
2010: 1.1021
2009: 1.147
2008: 1.16
2007: 1.17
2006: 1.16
2005: 1.27
2004: 1.39
2003: 1.36
2002: 1.29
2001: 1.34
2000: 1.35
1999: 1.46
1998: 1.42

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Germany, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 76722
2013: 851
2012: 767
2011: 808
2010: 842

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Germany, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 5322
2013: 75
2012: 52
2011: 70
2010: 61

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Germany, annual homicides by any means total

2011: 66223 24 25
2010: 69023 24
2009: 706
2008: 722
2007: 757
2006: 808
2005: 869
2004: 868
2003: 859
2002: 955
2001: 925
2000: 1,015
1999: 1,02024
1998: 998
1997: 1,265
1996: 1,382
1995: 1,406

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Germany, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.823 25
2010: 0.823 24
2009: 0.8
2008: 0.9
2007: 0.9
2006: 1.0
2005: 1.0
2004: 1.0
2003: 1.0
2002: 1.1
2001: 1.1
2000: 1.2
1999: 1.224
1998: 1.2
1997: 1.5
1996: 1.7
1995: 1.7
1994: 1.1726

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Germany, annual male homicides by any means total

2015: 35527
2014: 17422
2013: 180
2012: 204
2011: 232
2010: 238

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Germany, annual female homicides by any means total

2015: 32727
2014: 19422
2013: 214
2012: 199
2011: 199
2010: 240

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Germany, annual firearm homicides total

2015: 573
2014: 4216
2013: 54
2012: 6116 20
2011: 5416
2010: 5116 24
2009: 75
2008: 57
2007: 59
2006: 6516 23 24
2005: 89
2004: 9816 24
2003: 85
2002: 106
2001: 84
2000: 101
1999: 155
1998: 126
1997: 55524
1996: 582
1995: 804

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Germany, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0516
2013: 0.07
2012: 0.0716 20
2011: 0.0716
2010: 0.0616 24
2009: 0.09
2008: 0.07
2007: 0.07
2006: 0.0816 7 24
2005: 0.11
2004: 0.1216 24
2003: 0.10
2002: 0.13
2001: 0.10
2000: 0.12
1999: 0.19
1998: 0.15
1997: 0.724
1996: 0.7
1995: 1.0
1994: 0.2228

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Germany, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2011: 13%25
2010: 26.3%24
2009: 29.9%
2008: 26.1%
2007: 26.9%
2006: 24%23
2005: 24%
2004: 30.5%24
2003: 33.8%
2002: 29.4%
2001: 38.1%
2000: 40.0%
1999: 41.2%
1998: 41.2%
1997: 47.1%
1996: 46.6%
1995: 58.6%

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Germany, annual male firearm homicides total

2015: 2322
2014: 23
2013: 22
2012: 37
2011: 26
2010: 25

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Germany, annual female firearm homicides total

2015: 1922
2014: 19
2013: 32
2012: 24
2011: 28
2010: 26

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn Germany, annual handgun homicides total

2014: 1516
2013: 29
2012: 20
2011: 18
2010: 15
2009: 37
2008: 21
2007: 21
2006: 27
2005: 34
2004: 32
2003: 26
2002: 38
2001: 27
2000: 32
1999: 52
1998: 54

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Germany, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0216
2013: 0.04
2012: 0.02
2011: 0.02
2010: 0.02
2009: 0.05
2008: 0.03
2007: 0.03
2006: 0.03
2005: 0.04
2004: 0.04
2003: 0.03
2002: 0.05
2001: 0.03
2000: 0.04
1999: 0.06
1998: 0.07

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn Germany, annual long gun homicides total

2014: 216
2013: 4
2012: 6
2011: 3
2010: 1
2009: 3
2008: 2
2007: 3
2006: 5
2005: 4
2004: 7
2003: 5
2002: 11
2001: 4
2000: 8
1999: 10
1998: 8

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Germany, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0016
2013: 0.01
2012: 0.01
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.00
2009: 0.00
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.00
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.01
2002: 0.01
2001: 0.00
2000: 0.01
1999: 0.01
1998: 0.01

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Germany, annual gun homicides (other) total

2014: 2516
2013: 21
2012: 35
2011: 33
2010: 35
2009: 35
2008: 34
2007: 35
2006: 33
2005: 51
2004: 59
2003: 54
2002: 57
2001: 53
2000: 61
1999: 93
1998: 64

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Germany, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0316
2013: 0.03
2012: 0.04
2011: 0.04
2010: 0.04
2009: 0.04
2008: 0.04
2007: 0.04
2006: 0.04
2005: 0.06
2004: 0.07
2003: 0.07
2002: 0.07
2001: 0.06
2000: 0.07
1999: 0.11
1998: 0.08

Suicides (any method)

In Germany, annual suicides by any means total

1999: 11,16029

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Germany, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

1999: 13.5329
1994: 15.6430

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Germany, annual male suicides by any means total

2014: 7,62422
2013: 7,449
2012: 7,287
2011: 7,646
2010: 7,465

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Germany, annual female suicides by any means total

2014: 2,58522
2013: 2,627
2012: 2,603
2011: 2,498
2010: 2,556

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Germany, annual firearm suicides total

2014: 71917
2013: 795
2012: 69017 20
2011: 75317
2010: 772
2009: 767
2008: 800
2007: 805
2006: 799
2005: 868
2004: 907
2003: 915
2002: 815
2001: 866
2000: 836
1999: 906
1998: 904

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Germany, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.8917
2013: 0.99
2012: 0.8417 20
2011: 0.9217
2010: 0.94
2009: 0.94
2008: 0.97
2007: 0.98
2006: 0.97
2005: 1.05
2004: 1.1
2003: 1.11
2002: 0.99
2001: 1.05
2000: 1.02
1999: 1.1
1998: 1.1
1994: 1.1731

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Germany, annual male firearm suicides total

2014: 69022
2013: 762
2012: 668
2011: 718
2010: 744

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Germany, annual female firearm suicides total

2014: 2922
2013: 33
2012: 22
2011: 35
2010: 28

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn Germany, annual handgun suicides total

2014: 20317
2013: 280
2012: 216
2011: 237
2010: 238
2009: 253
2008: 217
2007: 242
2006: 246
2005: 241
2004: 248
2003: 263
2002: 245
2001: 258
2000: 246
1999: 258
1998: 274

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Germany, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.2517
2013: 0.35
2012: 0.26
2011: 0.29
2010: 0.29
2009: 0.31
2008: 0.26
2007: 0.29
2006: 0.30
2005: 0.29
2004: 0.30
2003: 0.32
2002: 0.30
2001: 0.31
2000: 0.30
1999: 0.31
1998: 0.33

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn Germany, the number of long gun suicides is

2014: 5217
2013: 62
2012: 51
2011: 72
2010: 64
2009: 67
2008: 77
2007: 56
2006: 88
2005: 90
2004: 76
2003: 80
2002: 60
2001: 71
2000: 67
1999: 64
1998: 74

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Germany, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0617
2013: 0.08
2012: 0.06
2011: 0.09
2010: 0.08
2009: 0.08
2008: 0.09
2007: 0.07
2006: 0.11
2005: 0.11
2004: 0.09
2003: 0.10
2002: 0.07
2001: 0.09
2000: 0.08
1999: 0.08
1998: 0.09

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn Germany, annual gun suicides (other) total

2014: 46417
2013: 453
2012: 423
2011: 444
2010: 470
2009: 447
2008: 506
2007: 507
2006: 465
2005: 537
2004: 583
2003: 572
2002: 510
2001: 537
2000: 523
1999: 584
1998: 556

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Germany, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.5717
2013: 0.56
2012: 0.52
2011: 0.54
2010: 0.57
2009: 0.55
2008: 0.62
2007: 0.62
2006: 0.56
2005: 0.65
2004: 0.71
2003: 0.69
2002: 0.62
2001: 0.65
2000: 0.64
1999: 0.71
1998: 0.68

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Germany, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2014: 218
2013: 12
2012: 618 20
2011: 1118
2010: 13
2009: 14
2008: 15
2007: 8
2006: 14
2005: 8
2004: 13
2003: 17
2002: 18
2001: 20
2000: 23
1999: 16
1998: 13

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Germany, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0018
2013: 0.01
2012: 0.01
2011: 0.01
2010: 0.02
2009: 0.02
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.02
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.02
2003: 0.02
2002: 0.02
2001: 0.02
2000: 0.03
1999: 0.02
1998: 0.02
1994: 0.0432

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Germany, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2014: 222
2013: 11
2012: 6
2011: 11
2010: 12

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Germany, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2014: 022
2013: 1
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 1

Unintentional Handgun Deaths

ChartIn Germany, annual unintentional shooting deaths by handgun total

2013: 118
2012: 1
2011: 1
2010: 2
2009: 2
2008: 5
2007: 2
2006: 2
2004: 1
2003: 3
2002: 3
2001: 2
2000: 4
1999: 8
1998: 2

Rate of Unintentional Handgun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Germany, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by handgun per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0018
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.00
2009: 0.00
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2004: 0.00
2003: 0.00
2002: 0.00
2001: 0.00
2000: 0.00
1999: 0.01
1998: 0.00

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn Germany, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2013: 218
2012: 2
2011: 2
2010: 4
2009: 6
2008: 1
2007: 1
2006: 3
2005: 3
2004: 5
2003: 3
2002: 2
2001: 6
2000: 3
1999: 3
1998: 4

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Germany, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0018
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.00
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.00
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.00
2002: 0.00
2001: 0.01
2000: 0.00
1999: 0.00
1998: 0.00

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn Germany, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2014: 218
2013: 9
2012: 3
2011: 8
2010: 7
2009: 6
2008: 9
2007: 5
2006: 9
2005: 5
2004: 7
2003: 11
2002: 13
2001: 12
2000: 16
1999: 5
1998: 7

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Germany, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0018
2013: 0.01
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.01
2010: 0.01
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.01
2002: 0.02
2001: 0.01
2000: 0.02
1999: 0.01
1998: 0.01

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Germany, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 5719
2013: 65
2012: 6219 20
2011: 6019
2010: 67
2009: 80
2008: 81
2007: 87
2006: 75
2005: 79
2004: 127
2003: 105
2002: 122
2001: 132
2000: 152
1999: 124
1998: 121

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Germany, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0719
2013: 0.08
2012: 0.08
2011: 0.07
2010: 0.08
2009: 0.10
2008: 0.10
2007: 0.11
2006: 0.09
2005: 0.10
2004: 0.15
2003: 0.13
2002: 0.15
2001: 0.16
2000: 0.19
1999: 0.15
1998: 0.15
1994: 0.1533

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Germany, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 5222
2013: 56
2012: 56
2011: 53
2010: 61

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Germany, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 522
2013: 9
2012: 6
2011: 7
2010: 6

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Germany, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 1919
2013: 16
2012: 20
2011: 11
2010: 26
2009: 23
2008: 24
2007: 25
2006: 32
2005: 34
2004: 59
2003: 28
2002: 45
2001: 47
2000: 76
1999: 41
1998: 37

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Germany, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0219
2013: 0.02
2012: 0.02
2011: 0.01
2010: 0.03
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.03
2007: 0.03
2006: 0.04
2005: 0.04
2004: 0.07
2003: 0.03
2002: 0.05
2001: 0.06
2000: 0.09
1999: 0.05
1998: 0.05

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Germany, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 619
2013: 4
2012: 6
2011: 2
2010: 4
2009: 3
2008: 1
2007: 5
2006: 9
2005: 4
2004: 5
2003: 8
2002: 7
2001: 7
2000: 7
1999: 3
1998: 8

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Germany, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0119
2013: 0.01
2012: 0.01
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.00
2009: 0.00
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.00
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.01
2002: 0.01
2001: 0.01
2000: 0.01
1999: 0.00
1998: 0.01

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Germany, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 3219
2013: 45
2012: 36
2011: 47
2010: 37
2009: 54
2008: 56
2007: 57
2006: 34
2005: 41
2004: 63
2003: 69
2002: 70
2001: 78
2000: 69
1999: 80
1998: 76

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Germany, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0419
2013: 0.06
2012: 0.04
2011: 0.06
2010: 0.05
2009: 0.07
2008: 0.07
2007: 0.07
2006: 0.04
2005: 0.05
2004: 0.08
2003: 0.08
2002: 0.08
2001: 0.09
2000: 0.08
1999: 0.10
1998: 0.09

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Germany, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence34 35 36

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, Germany was ranked 'medium'37 38

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Germany, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50

Firearm Exports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms exported from Germany is reported by manufacturers to be

2017: 30,97251
2016: 31,546
2015: 74,061
2014: 90,288
2013: 62,616
2012: 53,306
2011: 22,206
2010: 23,415
2009: 47,243
2008: 42,478
2007: 78,611
2006: 20,824

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Germany is reported by Customs to be US$387,920,29852 (2011)53 54 55 56 57

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Germany was categorized as 'major'58 59 60 61 57 62

Firearm Imports

In Germany, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law39 35 45 63 46 47 48 49

Firearm Imports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms imported to Germany is reported to be

2017: 58851
2016: 10,176
2015: 78
2014: 665
2013: 6,436
2012: 54,047
2011: 4,600
2010: 46,160
2009: 446
2008: 3,898
2007: 983
2006: 142

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Germany is reported by Customs to be US$156,548,48452 (2011)64 58 65 66 60 67 68 69

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Germany, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law70 71 72

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Germany include73 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

ChartIn its annual Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer, the Small Arms Survey compares public reporting among major arms exporting nations on a scale from strong to weak (25 to zero). In recent years, Germany scored

2016: 19.7574
2014: 19.7575
2013: 20.5076
2012: 18.5077
2011: 18.7578
2010: 18.2579
2009: 18.0080
2008: 17.2581
2007: 17.2582
2006: 16.7583
2005: 17.2584
2004: 17.0085

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Germany is categorised as restrictive86 87

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Germany includes the Basic Law (War Weapons Control Act),88 89 39 the Weapons Act of 2002,90 91 34 the Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons,92 93 the European Union Firearms Regulation of 2012, the Common Position on the Control of Arms Brokering of 2003,94 and the Convention of 1 July 1969 on Reciprocal Recognition of Proofmarks on Small Arms95

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Germany are regulated by the Ministry of the Interior88 96 97 and the Federal States,98 and the European Commission93

Right to Possess Firearms

In Germany, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law99 100 101 3

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Germany, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic firearms, firearms disguised as other objects, and armour-piercing, incendiary and expanding ammunition102 103

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Germany, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited3 102 103 25

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Germany, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted only with special authorisation3 104 105 103

Regulation of Handguns

In Germany, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted only with special authorisation102 104 105 103 25

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Germany, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law25

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Germany, only licensed gun owners106 3 107 102 104 108 25 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Germany are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, target shooting, collection and security3 87 109 110 101

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Germany is 18 years3 110 101

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Germany must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental health and addiction3 101 110 25 records

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Germany does not stipulate (unless reflected in a criminal record)12 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Germany, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required3 for a firearm licence

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Germany are permitted to possess one firearm per licence3 109 111

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Germany are permitted to possess only ammunition suitable for the intended firearm112

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Germany, the law requires113 114 115 101 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Germany, licensed firearm dealers are required113 115 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Germany, licensed gun makers are required113 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Germany, State agencies are required116 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Germany, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful35 117 36 118 105

Number of Licensed Gun Dealers

The number of licensed firearm dealers in Germany is reported to be

2016: 3,500119

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Germany include106 101 3 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Germany include116 120 121 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Germany include106 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Germany, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law122 123 124 125 126

Firearm Tracing

In Germany, state authorities carry out127 125 115 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Germany, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law3 25

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Germany, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm128 is 10 years in prison129 36 130

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in Germany are known to have131 132 133 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Germany, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2011: 5,420134
2010/13: 43,543135 101

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn Germany, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2015: 57,161136
2011: 27,082137
1991/2004: 1,781,696138
1990/2009: 2,303,252131 132 133

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Germany, it is state policy139 140 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

European Union

As a member of the European Union, Germany is bound by the provisions of the ‘EU Firearms Directive’ – the 2007 Legislative Resolution on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons of the European Parliament141 142

European Union Export Reporting

Under the European Union Common Position on Arms Exports, Germany is bound to declare its transfers of military technology and equipment. Independent monitoring provides detailed comparisons of arms export reporting compliance across EU member states, and records that Germany has submitted one or more national reports143 on its arms transfers

United Nations Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice

The UNCCPCJ, a subsidiary body of the Economic and Social Council mandated to promote action to prevent national and transnational crime, lists144 Germany as an elected member

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 2006145 by Germany.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified146 by Germany

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed, but not yet ratified147 by Germany

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Germany committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects148

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Germany against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 5149 150 151 152 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Germany has submitted one or more national reports153 154 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Germany, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated155 154

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Germany, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has not been designated155 154

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Germany submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent155 154

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been donated154 by Germany to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Germany has declared156 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Germany has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1973157

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies lists158 Germany as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Germany, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Germany ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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