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Germany — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Germany is

2016: 25,830,0001 2 3 4 5
2013: 25,400,0006 4
2005: 25,000,0007

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Germany is

2016: 32.08 9
2013: 31.3
2005: 30.37

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Germany ranked at No. 410

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Germany ranked at No. 157

Proportion of Households with Firearms

ChartIn Germany, the percentage of households with one or more guns is reported to be

2005: 12.5%11
1989: 9.2%

Proportion of Households with Handguns

ChartIn Germany, the percentage of households with one or more handguns is reported to be

2005: 4.2%11
1989: 6.7%

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

ChartThe number of licensed gun owners in Germany is reported to be

2016: 2,310,0001 2 3
1999: 2,000,00012

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Germany is

2016: 2.868
1999: 2.44

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Germany is reported to be

2016: 5,830,0001 2 3
2013: 5,400,0004
2005: 7,200,0007
2004: 7,000,00013

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in Germany is

2016: 7.228
2013: 6.65
2005: 8.73
2004: 8.49

Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms

ChartUnlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Germany there are estimated to be

2016: 20,000,0003
2013: 20,000,0004
2004: 17,000,00013

Estimated Rate of Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

ChartUnlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Germany the rate of illicit firearms per 100 people is estimated to be

2016: 24.788
2013: 24.65
2004: 20.61

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Germany are reported to have 1,205,725 to 3,139,50014 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Germany are reported to have 300,96715 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Germany, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 82016 17 18 19
2013: 926
2012: 81916 17 18 19 20
2011: 87816 17 18 19
2010: 90321
2009: 93616 17 18 19
2008: 953
2007: 959
2006: 953
2005: 1,044
2004: 1,145
2003: 1,122
2002: 1,061
2001: 1,102
2000: 1,112
1999: 1,201
1998: 1,164

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Germany, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 1.018
2013: 1.14
2012: 1.018 20
2011: 1.088
2010: 1.1021
2009: 1.148
2008: 1.16
2007: 1.17
2006: 1.16
2005: 1.27
2004: 1.39
2003: 1.36
2002: 1.29
2001: 1.34
2000: 1.35
1999: 1.46
1998: 1.42

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Germany, annual homicides by any means total

2011: 66222 23 24
2010: 69022 23
2009: 706
2008: 722
2007: 757
2006: 808
2005: 869
2004: 868
2003: 859
2002: 955
2001: 925
2000: 1,015
1999: 1,02023
1998: 998
1997: 1,265
1996: 1,382
1995: 1,406

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Germany, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.822 24
2010: 0.822 23
2009: 0.8
2008: 0.9
2007: 0.9
2006: 1.0
2005: 1.0
2004: 1.0
2003: 1.0
2002: 1.1
2001: 1.1
2000: 1.2
1999: 1.223
1998: 1.2
1997: 1.5
1996: 1.7
1995: 1.7
1994: 1.1725

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Germany, annual firearm homicides total

2015: 573
2014: 4216
2013: 54
2012: 6116 20
2011: 5416
2010: 5116 23
2009: 75
2008: 57
2007: 59
2006: 6516 22 23
2005: 89
2004: 9816 23
2003: 85
2002: 106
2001: 84
2000: 101
1999: 155
1998: 126
1997: 55523
1996: 582
1995: 804

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Germany, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0516
2013: 0.07
2012: 0.0716 20
2011: 0.0716
2010: 0.0616 23
2009: 0.09
2008: 0.07
2007: 0.07
2006: 0.0816 8 23
2005: 0.11
2004: 0.1216 23
2003: 0.10
2002: 0.13
2001: 0.10
2000: 0.12
1999: 0.19
1998: 0.15
1997: 0.723
1996: 0.7
1995: 1.0
1994: 0.2226

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Germany, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2011: 13%24
2010: 26.3%23
2009: 29.9%
2008: 26.1%
2007: 26.9%
2006: 24%22
2005: 24%
2004: 30.5%23
2003: 33.8%
2002: 29.4%
2001: 38.1%
2000: 40.0%
1999: 41.2%
1998: 41.2%
1997: 47.1%
1996: 46.6%
1995: 58.6%

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn Germany, annual handgun homicides total

2014: 1516
2013: 29
2012: 20
2011: 18
2010: 15
2009: 37
2008: 21
2007: 21
2006: 27
2005: 34
2004: 32
2003: 26
2002: 38
2001: 27
2000: 32
1999: 52
1998: 54

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Germany, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0216
2013: 0.04
2012: 0.02
2011: 0.02
2010: 0.02
2009: 0.05
2008: 0.03
2007: 0.03
2006: 0.03
2005: 0.04
2004: 0.04
2003: 0.03
2002: 0.05
2001: 0.03
2000: 0.04
1999: 0.06
1998: 0.07

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn Germany, annual long gun homicides total

2014: 216
2013: 4
2012: 6
2011: 3
2010: 1
2009: 3
2008: 2
2007: 3
2006: 5
2005: 4
2004: 7
2003: 5
2002: 11
2001: 4
2000: 8
1999: 10
1998: 8

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Germany, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0016
2013: 0.01
2012: 0.01
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.00
2009: 0.00
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.00
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.01
2002: 0.01
2001: 0.00
2000: 0.01
1999: 0.01
1998: 0.01

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Germany, annual gun homicides (other) total

2014: 2516
2013: 21
2012: 35
2011: 33
2010: 35
2009: 35
2008: 34
2007: 35
2006: 33
2005: 51
2004: 59
2003: 54
2002: 57
2001: 53
2000: 61
1999: 93
1998: 64

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Germany, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0316
2013: 0.03
2012: 0.04
2011: 0.04
2010: 0.04
2009: 0.04
2008: 0.04
2007: 0.04
2006: 0.04
2005: 0.06
2004: 0.07
2003: 0.07
2002: 0.07
2001: 0.06
2000: 0.07
1999: 0.11
1998: 0.08

Suicides (any method)

In Germany, annual suicides by any means total

1999: 11,16027

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Germany, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

1999: 13.5327
1994: 15.6428

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Germany, annual firearm suicides total

2014: 71917
2013: 795
2012: 69017 20
2011: 75317
2010: 772
2009: 767
2008: 800
2007: 805
2006: 799
2005: 868
2004: 907
2003: 915
2002: 815
2001: 866
2000: 836
1999: 906
1998: 904

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Germany, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.8917
2013: 0.99
2012: 0.8417 20
2011: 0.9217
2010: 0.94
2009: 0.94
2008: 0.97
2007: 0.98
2006: 0.97
2005: 1.05
2004: 1.1
2003: 1.11
2002: 0.99
2001: 1.05
2000: 1.02
1999: 1.1
1998: 1.1
1994: 1.1729

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn Germany, annual handgun suicides total

2014: 20317
2013: 280
2012: 216
2011: 237
2010: 238
2009: 253
2008: 217
2007: 242
2006: 246
2005: 241
2004: 248
2003: 263
2002: 245
2001: 258
2000: 246
1999: 258
1998: 274

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Germany, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.2517
2013: 0.35
2012: 0.26
2011: 0.29
2010: 0.29
2009: 0.31
2008: 0.26
2007: 0.29
2006: 0.30
2005: 0.29
2004: 0.30
2003: 0.32
2002: 0.30
2001: 0.31
2000: 0.30
1999: 0.31
1998: 0.33

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn Germany, the number of long gun suicides is

2014: 5217
2013: 62
2012: 51
2011: 72
2010: 64
2009: 67
2008: 77
2007: 56
2006: 88
2005: 90
2004: 76
2003: 80
2002: 60
2001: 71
2000: 67
1999: 64
1998: 74

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Germany, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0617
2013: 0.08
2012: 0.06
2011: 0.09
2010: 0.08
2009: 0.08
2008: 0.09
2007: 0.07
2006: 0.11
2005: 0.11
2004: 0.09
2003: 0.10
2002: 0.07
2001: 0.09
2000: 0.08
1999: 0.08
1998: 0.09

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn Germany, annual gun suicides (other) total

2014: 46417
2013: 453
2012: 423
2011: 444
2010: 470
2009: 447
2008: 506
2007: 507
2006: 465
2005: 537
2004: 583
2003: 572
2002: 510
2001: 537
2000: 523
1999: 584
1998: 556

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Germany, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.5717
2013: 0.56
2012: 0.52
2011: 0.54
2010: 0.57
2009: 0.55
2008: 0.62
2007: 0.62
2006: 0.56
2005: 0.65
2004: 0.71
2003: 0.69
2002: 0.62
2001: 0.65
2000: 0.64
1999: 0.71
1998: 0.68

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Germany, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2014: 218
2013: 12
2012: 618 20
2011: 1118
2010: 13
2009: 14
2008: 15
2007: 8
2006: 14
2005: 8
2004: 13
2003: 17
2002: 18
2001: 20
2000: 23
1999: 16
1998: 13

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Germany, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0018
2013: 0.01
2012: 0.01
2011: 0.01
2010: 0.02
2009: 0.02
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.02
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.02
2003: 0.02
2002: 0.02
2001: 0.02
2000: 0.03
1999: 0.02
1998: 0.02
1994: 0.0430

Unintentional Handgun Deaths

ChartIn Germany, annual unintentional shooting deaths by handgun total

2013: 118
2012: 1
2011: 1
2010: 2
2009: 2
2008: 5
2007: 2
2006: 2
2004: 1
2003: 3
2002: 3
2001: 2
2000: 4
1999: 8
1998: 2

Rate of Unintentional Handgun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Germany, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by handgun per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0018
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.00
2009: 0.00
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2004: 0.00
2003: 0.00
2002: 0.00
2001: 0.00
2000: 0.00
1999: 0.01
1998: 0.00

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn Germany, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2013: 218
2012: 2
2011: 2
2010: 4
2009: 6
2008: 1
2007: 1
2006: 3
2005: 3
2004: 5
2003: 3
2002: 2
2001: 6
2000: 3
1999: 3
1998: 4

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Germany, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0018
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.00
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.00
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.00
2002: 0.00
2001: 0.01
2000: 0.00
1999: 0.00
1998: 0.00

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn Germany, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2014: 218
2013: 9
2012: 3
2011: 8
2010: 7
2009: 6
2008: 9
2007: 5
2006: 9
2005: 5
2004: 7
2003: 11
2002: 13
2001: 12
2000: 16
1999: 5
1998: 7

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Germany, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0018
2013: 0.01
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.01
2010: 0.01
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.01
2002: 0.02
2001: 0.01
2000: 0.02
1999: 0.01
1998: 0.01

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Germany, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 5719
2013: 65
2012: 6219 20
2011: 6019
2010: 67
2009: 80
2008: 81
2007: 87
2006: 75
2005: 79
2004: 127
2003: 105
2002: 122
2001: 132
2000: 152
1999: 124
1998: 121

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Germany, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0719
2013: 0.08
2012: 0.08
2011: 0.07
2010: 0.08
2009: 0.10
2008: 0.10
2007: 0.11
2006: 0.09
2005: 0.10
2004: 0.15
2003: 0.13
2002: 0.15
2001: 0.16
2000: 0.19
1999: 0.15
1998: 0.15
1994: 0.1531

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Germany, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 1919
2013: 16
2012: 20
2011: 11
2010: 26
2009: 23
2008: 24
2007: 25
2006: 32
2005: 34
2004: 59
2003: 28
2002: 45
2001: 47
2000: 76
1999: 41
1998: 37

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Germany, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0219
2013: 0.02
2012: 0.02
2011: 0.01
2010: 0.03
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.03
2007: 0.03
2006: 0.04
2005: 0.04
2004: 0.07
2003: 0.03
2002: 0.05
2001: 0.06
2000: 0.09
1999: 0.05
1998: 0.05

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Germany, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 619
2013: 4
2012: 6
2011: 2
2010: 4
2009: 3
2008: 1
2007: 5
2006: 9
2005: 4
2004: 5
2003: 8
2002: 7
2001: 7
2000: 7
1999: 3
1998: 8

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Germany, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0119
2013: 0.01
2012: 0.01
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.00
2009: 0.00
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.00
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.01
2002: 0.01
2001: 0.01
2000: 0.01
1999: 0.00
1998: 0.01

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Germany, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 3219
2013: 45
2012: 36
2011: 47
2010: 37
2009: 54
2008: 56
2007: 57
2006: 34
2005: 41
2004: 63
2003: 69
2002: 70
2001: 78
2000: 69
1999: 80
1998: 76

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Germany, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0419
2013: 0.06
2012: 0.04
2011: 0.06
2010: 0.05
2009: 0.07
2008: 0.07
2007: 0.07
2006: 0.04
2005: 0.05
2004: 0.08
2003: 0.08
2002: 0.08
2001: 0.09
2000: 0.08
1999: 0.10
1998: 0.09

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Germany, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence32 33 34

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, Germany was ranked 'medium'35 36

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Germany, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Germany is reported by Customs to be US$387,920,29849 (2011)50 51 52 53 54

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Germany was categorized as 'major'55 56 57 58 54 59

Firearm Imports

In Germany, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law37 33 43 60 44 45 46 47

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Germany is reported by Customs to be US$156,548,48449 (2011)61 55 62 63 57 64 65 66

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Germany, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law67 68 69

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Germany include70 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

ChartIn its annual Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer, the Small Arms Survey compares public reporting among major arms exporting nations on a scale from strong to weak (25 to zero). In recent years, Germany scored

2016: 19.7571
2014: 19.7572
2013: 20.5073
2012: 18.5074
2011: 18.7575
2010: 18.2576
2009: 18.0077
2008: 17.2578
2007: 17.2579
2006: 16.7580
2005: 17.2581
2004: 17.0082

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Germany is categorised as restrictive83 84

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Germany includes the Basic Law (War Weapons Control Act),85 86 37 the Weapons Act of 2002,87 32 the Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons,88 89 the European Union Firearms Regulation of 2012, the Common Position on the Control of Arms Brokering of 2003,90 and the Convention of 1 July 1969 on Reciprocal Recognition of Proofmarks on Small Arms91

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Germany are regulated by the Ministry of the Interior85 92 93 and the Federal States,94 and the European Commission89

Right to Possess Firearms

In Germany, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law95 96 2 3

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Germany, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic firearms, firearms disguised as other objects, and armour-piercing, incendiary and expanding ammunition97 98

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Germany, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited3 97 98 24

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Germany, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted only with special authorisation3 99 100 98

Regulation of Handguns

In Germany, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted only with special authorisation97 99 100 98 24

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Germany, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law24

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Germany, only licensed gun owners101 3 102 97 99 103 24 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Germany are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, target shooting, collection and security3 84 104 105 2

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Germany is 18 years3 105 2

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Germany must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental health and addiction3 2 105 24 records

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Germany does not stipulate (unless reflected in a criminal record)12 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Germany, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required3 for a firearm licence

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Germany are permitted to possess one firearm per licence3 104 106

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Germany are permitted to possess only ammunition suitable for the intended firearm107

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Germany, the law requires108 109 110 2 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Germany, licensed firearm dealers are required108 110 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Germany, licensed gun makers are required108 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Germany, State agencies are required111 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Germany, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful33 112 34 113 100

Number of Licensed Gun Dealers

The number of licensed firearm dealers in Germany is reported to be

2016: 3,5001

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Germany include101 2 3 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Germany include111 114 115 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Germany include101 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Germany, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law116 117 118 119 120

Firearm Tracing

In Germany, state authorities carry out121 119 110 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Germany, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law3 24

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Germany, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm122 is 10 years in prison123 34 124

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in Germany are known to have125 126 127 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Germany, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2011: 5,420128
2010/13: 43,543129 2

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn Germany, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2015: 57,161130
2011: 27,082131
1991/2004: 1,781,696132
1990/2009: 2,303,252125 126 127

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Germany, it is state policy133 134 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

European Union

As a member of the European Union, Germany is bound by the provisions of the ‘EU Firearms Directive’ – the 2007 Legislative Resolution on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons of the European Parliament135 136

European Union Export Reporting

Under the European Union Common Position on Arms Exports, Germany is bound to declare its transfers of military technology and equipment. Independent monitoring provides detailed comparisons of arms export reporting compliance across EU member states, and records that Germany has submitted one or more national reports137 on its arms transfers

United Nations Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice

The UNCCPCJ, a subsidiary body of the Economic and Social Council mandated to promote action to prevent national and transnational crime, lists138 Germany as an elected member

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 2006139 by Germany.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified140 by Germany

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed, but not yet ratified141 by Germany

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Germany committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects142

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Germany against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 5143 144 145 146 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Germany has submitted one or more national reports147 148 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Germany, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated149 148

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Germany, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has not been designated149 148

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Germany submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent149 148

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been donated148 by Germany to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Germany has declared150 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Germany has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1973151

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies lists152 Germany as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Germany, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Germany ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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