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Georgia — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Georgia is 330,0001

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) in Georgia is 7.31 firearms per 100 people

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Georgia ranked at No. 1002

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Georgia ranked at No. 791

Number of Registered Firearms

The number of registered guns in Georgia is reported to be 159,0002

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

The rate of registered guns per 100 people in Georgia is 3.403

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Georgia are reported to have 669,4254 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Georgia are reported to have 18,6895 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

In Georgia, annual deaths resulting from firearms total 2009: 686

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

In Georgia, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is 2009: 1.546

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Georgia, annual homicides by any means total

2011: 1077
2010: 187
2009: 210
2008: 263
2007: 330
2006: 3238
2005: 403
2004: 2819
2003: 302
2002: 2927
2001: 263
2000: 23910
1999: 244
1998: 243
1997: 2857
1996: 270
1995: 391

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Georgia, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2011: 2.57
2010: 4.3
2009: 4.8
2008: 6.0
2007: 7.57 11
2006: 7.298
2005: 9.01
2004: 6.099
2003: 6.62
2002: 6.37
2001: 5.6
2000: 4.7610
1999: 4.86
1998: 4.47
1997: 5.87
1996: 5.4
1995: 7.7

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Georgia, annual firearm homicides total

2010: 247
2009: 1012 7
2008: 457
2007: 2912 7
2006: 43
2005: 50
2004: 909 7
2003: 92
2001: 13512
2000: 82
1999: 71
1998: 38

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Georgia, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.67
2009: 0.2312 7
2008: 1.07
2007: 0.6612 7
2006: 0.98
2005: 1.15
2004: 1.959 7
2003: 2.02
2001: 3.0812
2000: 1.86
1999: 1.59
1998: 0.85

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn Georgia, annual handgun homicides total

2009: 412
2007: 1
2006: 2
2005: 1
2001: 1
2000: 14
1999: 46
1998: 15

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Georgia, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2009: 0.0912
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.05
2005: 0.02
2001: 0.02
2000: 0.32
1999: 1.03
1998: 0.33

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn Georgia, annual long gun homicides total

2006: 1912
2005: 8
2001: 9
2000: 12
1999: 7
1998: 3

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Georgia, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2006: 0.4312
2005: 0.18
2001:
2000: 0.27
1999: 0.16
1998: 0.07
0.21:

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Georgia, annual gun homicides (other) total

2009: 612
2007: 28
2006: 22
2005: 41
2001: 125
2000: 56
1999: 18
1998: 20

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Georgia, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2009: 0.1412
2007: 0.64
2006: 0.50
2005: 0.94
2001: 2.85
2000: 1.27
1999: 0.40
1998: 0.45

Suicides (any method)

In Georgia, annual suicides by any means total 2001: 10013

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In Georgia, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is 2001: 1.9513

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Georgia, annual firearm suicides total

2009: 414
2007: 2
2006: 2
2005: 3
2001: 2
2000: 1
1999: 7
1998: 5

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Georgia, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2009: 0.0914
2007: 0.05
2006: 0.05
2005: 0.07
2001: 0.05
2000: 0.02
1999: 0.16
1998: 0.11

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn Georgia, annual handgun suicides total

2001: 114
1999: 4
1998: 1

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Georgia, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2001: 0.0214
1999: 0.09
1998: 0.02

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn Georgia, the number of long gun suicides is

2007: 114
2000: 1
1998: 2

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Georgia, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2007: 0.0214
2000: 0.02
1998: 0.04

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn Georgia, annual gun suicides (other) total

2009: 414
2007: 1
2006: 2
2005: 3
2001: 1
1999: 3
1998: 2

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Georgia, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2009: 0.0914
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.05
2005: 0.07
2001: 0.02
1999: 0.07
1998: 0.04

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Georgia, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2010: 015
2009: 44
2007: 13
2006: 2
2005: 12
2004: 3
2001: 7
2000: 11
1999: 8
1998: 3

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Georgia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.0015
2009: 1.00
2007: 0.30
2006: 0.05
2005: 0.28
2004: 0.07
2001: 0.16
2000: 0.25
1999: 0.18
1998: 0.07

Unintentional Handgun Deaths

ChartIn Georgia, annual unintentional shooting deaths by handgun total

2010: 015
2009: 29
2007: 6
2005: 7
2004: 2
2001: 5
2000: 3
1999: 3
1998: 2

Rate of Unintentional Handgun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Georgia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by handgun per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.0015
2009: 0.66
2007: 0.14
2005: 0.16
2004: 0.05
2001: 0.11
2000: 0.07
1999: 0.07
1998: 0.04

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn Georgia, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2010: 015
2007: 3
2004: 0
2001: 1
2000: 5
1999: 1
1998: 1

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Georgia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.0015
2007: 0.07
2004: 0.00
2001: 0.02
2000: 0.11
1999: 0.02
1998: 0.02

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn Georgia, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2010: 015
2009: 15
2007: 4
2006: 2
2005: 5
2004: 1
2001: 1
2000: 3
1999: 4

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Georgia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.0015
2009: 0.34
2007: 0.09
2006: 0.05
2005: 0.11
2004: 0.02
2001: 0.02
2000: 0.07
1999: 0.09

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Georgia, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2009: 1016
2007: 18
2006: 19
2005: 37
2001: 30
2000: 27
1999: 31
1998: 17

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Georgia, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2009: 0.2316
2007: 0.41
2006: 0.43
2005: 0.85
2001: 0.68
2000: 0.61
1999: 0.70
1998: 0.38

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Georgia, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2007: 116
2005: 8
2001: 29
2000: 24
1999: 26
1998: 7

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Georgia, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2007: 0.0216
2005: 0.18
2001: 0.66
2000: 0.54
1999: 0.58
1998: 0.16

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Georgia, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2000: 216
1999: 2
1998: 5

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Georgia, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2000: 0.0516
1999: 0.04
1998: 0.11

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Georgia, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2009: 1016
2007: 17
2006: 19
2005: 29
2001: 1
2000: 1
1999: 3
1998: 5

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Georgia, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2009: 0.2316
2007: 0.39
2006: 0.43
2005: 0.66
2001: 0.02
2000: 0.02
1999: 0.07
1998: 0.11

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Georgia, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence17

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Regulation of Firearm Exports

In Georgia, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law18 19

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Georgia is reported by Customs to be US$149,04420 (2011)

Regulation of Firearm Imports

In Georgia, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law18 19

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Georgia is reported by Customs to be US$3,605,94920 (2011)

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Georgia is moderate21

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Georgia, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law22

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Georgia includes the Georgian Law "On Weapons", and the Georgian law "On the control on export-import of armaments, military equipment and goods of dual-purpose use"23 24 25 26

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Georgia are regulated by the Authority of the Parliament of Georgia and the Permanent Commission of Military-Technical Issues of the Ministry of Defense of Georgia27 28

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Georgia, only licensed gun owners29 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Georgia, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful30

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Georgia include31 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Georgia include31 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Georgia include32 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Georgia, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law33

Firearm Tracing

In Georgia, state authorities carry out33 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Georgia, the maximum penalty for illicit firearm possession is 3 to 5 years prison34

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Georgia, it is state policy35 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 200836 by Georgia.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has not been signed37 by Georgia

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has not been signed38 by Georgia

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Georgia committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects39

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Georgia has submitted one or more national reports40 41 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Georgia, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated42 41

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Georgia, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated42 41

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Georgia submitted to the UN, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities is apparent41

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated41 by Georgia to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided41 to Georgia by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Georgia has not declared43 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Georgia has been a Member State of the United Nations since 199244

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list45 Georgia as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Georgia, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Georgia ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


Short References

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Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q4)Full Citation

3.

GunPolicy.org.2011.‘Calculated Rates – Georgia.’ Historical Population Data – USCB International Data Base.Suitland, MD:US Census Bureau Population Division,17 March. (Q4237)Full Citation

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Karp, Aaron.2006.‘Trickle and Torrent: State stockpiles.’ Small Arms Survey 2006: Unfinished Business.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q6)Full Citation

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Karp, Aaron.2006.‘Trickle and Torrent: State stockpiles.’ Small Arms Survey 2006: Unfinished Business.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q7)Full Citation

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16.

WHO.2012.‘Inter-country Comparison of Mortality for Selected Cause of Death – Gun Death from Undetermined Cause in Georgia.’ European Detailed Mortality Database (DMDB).Copenhagen:World Health Organisation Regional Office for Europe,25 June. (Q6445)Full Citation

17.

Georgia.2010.‘Legislation and Regulations – Weapons Production and Repair.’ National Report of Georgia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York:Permanent Mission of Georgia to the United Nations,1 January. (Q3544)Full Citation

18.

Georgia.2010.‘Legislation and Regulations – Export, Import, Re-Export and Transit of Civilian Weapons.’ National Report of Georgia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York:Permanent Mission of Georgia to the United Nations,1 January. (Q3548)Full Citation

19.

Georgia.2010.‘Legislation and Regulations – Export, Import, Re-Export, Transit, Processing on the Territory of Customs, Processing Beyond the Territory of Georgia, Carrying in and/or out of Military-Combat Weapons.’ National Report of Georgia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York:Permanent Mission of Georgia to the United Nations,1 January. (Q3549)Full Citation

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Marsh, Nicholas.2013.‘Database of Authorised Transfers of Small Arms and Light Weapons.’ NISAT Small Arms Trade Database.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,14 February. (Q16)Full Citation

21.

Georgia.2005.‘Export Controls.’ National Report of Georgia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York:Permanent Mission of Georgia to the United Nations,1 January. (Q3556)Full Citation

22.

Georgia.2005.‘Brokering.’ National Report of Georgia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York:Permanent Mission of Georgia to the United Nations,1 January. (Q3557)Full Citation

23.

Georgia.1998.‘Principles and Procedures.’ Law of Georgia on Export Control of Armaments, Military Equipment and Dual-Use Products.Tbilisi:Umaghlesi Sabcho - Parliament of Georgia,28 April. (Q1805)Full Citation

24.

Georgia.2006.‘Legislation.’ National Report of Georgia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York:Permanent Mission of Georgia to the United Nations,19 May. (Q3551)Full Citation

25.

Georgia.2006.‘Georgian Law "On Weapons".’ National Report of Georgia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York:Permanent Mission of Georgia to the United Nations,19 May. (Q3552)Full Citation

26.

Georgia.2006.‘Georgian Law "On the Control on Export-Import of Armaments, Military Equipment and Goods of Dual-Purpose Use".’ National Report of Georgia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York:Permanent Mission of Georgia to the United Nations,19 May. (Q3553)Full Citation

27.

Georgia.1998.‘Authority of State Government Bodies in the Export Control Field.’ Law of Georgia on Export Control of Armaments, Military Equipment and Dual-Use Products.Tbilisi:Umaghlesi Sabcho - Parliament of Georgia,28 April. (Q1806)Full Citation

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Georgia.2010.‘National Level.’ National Report of Georgia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York:Permanent Mission of Georgia to the United Nations,1 January. (Q3543)Full Citation

29.

Georgia.2010.‘Legislation and Regulations – Acquisition of Weapons.’ National Report of Georgia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York:Permanent Mission of Georgia to the United Nations,1 January. (Q3546)Full Citation

30.

Georgia.2010.‘Legislation and Regulations – Weapons Trade.’ National Report of Georgia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York:Permanent Mission of Georgia to the United Nations,1 January. (Q3545)Full Citation

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32.

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45.

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