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France — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in France is 19,000,0001 2 3

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) in France is 31.21 firearms per 100 people

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, France ranked at No. 54

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, France ranked at No. 121

Proportion of Households with Firearms

ChartIn France, the percentage of households with one or more guns is reported to be

2004/05: 16.1%5
1999/2003: 18.2%
1995/98: 22.6%
1989: 25.3%

Proportion of Households with Rifles

In France, the percentage of households with one or more rifles is reported to be

2005: 34%6

Proportion of Households with Shotguns

In France, the percentage of households with one or more shotguns is reported to be

2005: 57%6

Proportion of Households with Handguns

ChartIn France, the percentage of households with one or more handguns is reported to be

2004/05: 3.7%5 6
1999/2003: 2.8%
1995/98: 4.9%
1989: 5.9%

Number of Registered Firearms

The number of registered guns in France is reported to be 2,802,0571 2 3

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

The rate of registered guns per 100 people in France is 4.447

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of France are reported to have 1,300,0008 9 firearms

Routine Arming of Police

In France, police officers on routine patrol carry one or more firearms10 11 12

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in France are reported to have 217,74713 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn France, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2012: 1,85614 15 16 17
2011: 1,78114 15 16 17 18
2010: 1,73114 15 16 17
2009: 1,86114 15 16 17 19
2008: 1,95214 15 16 17
2007: 1,829
2006: 2,039
2005: 2,095
2004: 2,054
2003: 2,203
2002: 2,218
2001: 2,331
2000: 2,465
1999: 2,28420 21 22
1998: 2,96420 21 22 23
1997: 2,85620 21 22

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2012: 2.837
2011: 2.737 18
2010: 2.677
2009: 2.887 19
2008: 3.047
2007: 2.86
2006: 3.21
2005: 3.32
2004: 3.28
2003: 3.54
2002: 3.58
2001: 3.78
2000: 4.02
1999: 3.75
1998: 4.89
1997: 4.73

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn France, annual homicides by any means total

2012: 39114 24 25
2011: 38114 24 25 26
2010: 399
2009: 472
2008: 441
2007: 368
2006: 413
2005: 430
2004: 458
2003: 449
2002: 481
2001: 486
2000: 495
1999: 95324 26 27
1998: 961
1997: 963
1996: 1,171
1995: 1,33626 27

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn France, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.614 24 25
2011: 0.614 24 25 26
2010: 0.6
2009: 0.8
2008: 0.7
2007: 0.6
2006: 0.7
2005: 0.7
2004: 0.8
2003: 0.7
2002: 0.8
2001: 0.8
2000: 0.8
1999: 1.624 26
1998: 1.6
1997: 1.7
1996: 2.0
1995: 2.326
1994: 1.1228

Gun Homicides

ChartIn France, annual firearm homicides total

2012: 14014
2011: 14114 18
2010: 12514 20
2009: 134
2008: 142
2007: 9614 20 26
2006: 11114 20
2005: 122
2004: 129
2003: 122
2002: 158
2001: 160
2000: 152
1999: 15520
1998: 170
1997: 214

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.217
2011: 0.227 18
2010: 0.197 20
2009: 0.21
2008: 0.22
2007: 0.157 20 26
2006: 0.177 20
2005: 0.19
2004: 0.21
2003: 0.20
2002: 0.25
2001: 0.26
2000: 0.25
1999: 0.2620
1998: 0.29
1997: 0.37
1994: 0.4429

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

In France, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2007: 9.6%26

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn France, annual handgun homicides total

2012: 014
2011: 1
2010: 114 20
2009: 014
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 114 20
2004: 014
2003: 214 20
2002: 014
2001: 114 20
2000: 2

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.014
2011: 0.0
2010: 0.014 20
2009: 0.014
2008: 0.0
2007: 0.0
2006: 0.0
2005: 0.014 20
2004: 0.014
2003: 0.0 14 20
2002: 0.014
2001: 0.014 20
2000: 0.0

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn France, annual long gun homicides total

2012: 1214
2011: 11
2010: 614 20
2009: 6
2008: 7
2007: 5
2006: 5
2005: 9
2004: 7
2003: 11
2002: 11
2001: 9
2000: 11

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.014
2011: 0.0
2010: 0.0120 14
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.02
2002: 0.02
2001: 0.02
2000: 0.02

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn France, annual gun homicides (other) total

2012: 12814
2011: 129
2010: 11814 20
2009: 128
2008: 135
2007: 91
2006: 106
2005: 112
2004: 122
2003: 109
2002: 147
2001: 150
2000: 139

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.214
2011: 0.2
2010: 0.1920 14
2009: 0.20
2008: 0.22
2007: 0.15
2006: 0.17
2005: 0.19
2004: 0.21
2003: 0.18
2002: 0.24
2001: 0.26
2000: 0.24

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn France, annual suicides by any means total

2012: 9,69515
2011: 10,359
2010: 10,334
2009: 10,46415 30
2008: 10,31615
2007: 10,088
2006: 10,39015 30
2005: 10,67315
2004: 10,762
2003: 10,820
2002: 10,607
2001: 10,408
2000: 10,806
1998: 10,53423

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn France, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2012: 15.315
2011: 16.4
2010: 16.4
2009: 16.715 30
2008: 16.615
2007: 16.3
2006: 16.915 30
2005: 17.415
2004: 17.7
2003: 17.9
2002: 17.7
2001: 17.5
2000: 18.3
1998: 17.5123
1994: 20.7931

Gun Suicides

ChartIn France, annual firearm suicides total

2012: 1,42015
2011: 1,39515 18
2010: 1,37715 21
2009: 1,445
2008: 1,546
2007: 1,403
2006: 1,576
2005: 1,644
2004: 1,601
2003: 1,738
2002: 1,712
2001: 1,883
2000: 2,051
1999: 2,02921
1998: 2,386
1997: 2,556

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2012: 2.167
2011: 2.147 18
2010: 2.127 21
2009: 2.24
2008: 2.41
2007: 2.20
2006: 2.48
2005: 2.61
2004: 2.55
2003: 2.79
2002: 2.76
2001: 3.06
2000: 3.35
1999: 3.4621
1998: 4.05
1997: 4.36
1994: 5.1432

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn France, annual handgun suicides total

2012: 1615
2011: 16
2010: 1115 21
2009: 16
2008: 16
2007: 12
2006: 13
2005: 17
2004: 10
2003: 8
2002: 14
2001: 16
2000: 21

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.015
2011: 0.0
2010: 0.0221 15
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.03
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.02
2005: 0.03
2004: 0.02
2003: 0.02
2002: 0.02
2001: 0.03
2000: 0.04

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn France, the number of long gun suicides is

2012: 15915
2011: 130
2010: 11315 21
2009: 97
2008: 95
2007: 108
2006: 111
2005: 124
2004: 116
2003: 153
2002: 150
2001: 161
2000: 203

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.315
2011: 0.2
2010: 0.1821 15
2009: 0.16
2008: 0.15
2007: 0.17
2006: 0.18
2005: 0.21
2004: 0.19
2003: 0.25
2002: 0.25
2001: 0.27
2000: 0.34

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn France, annual gun suicides (other) total

2012: 1,24515
2011: 1,249
2010: 1,25315 21
2009: 1,332
2008: 1,435
2007: 1,283
2006: 1,452
2005: 1,503
2004: 1,475
2003: 1,577
2002: 1,548
2001: 1,706
2000: 1,827

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2012: 2.015
2011: 2.0
2010: 1.9921 15
2009: 2.15
2008: 2.31
2007: 2.08
2006: 2.36
2005: 2.48
2004: 2.44
2003: 2.63
2002: 2.60
2001: 2.89
2000: 3.11

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn France, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2012: 2416
2011: 7016 18
2010: 3216 22
2009: 29
2008: 39
2007: 32
2006: 53
2005: 36
2004: 19
2003: 26
2002: 19
2001: 33
2000: 44
1999: 10022
1998: 68
1997: 86

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.047
2011: 0.11
2010: 0.057 22
2009: 0.04
2008: 0.06
2007: 0.05
2006: 0.08
2005: 0.06
2004: 0.03
2003: 0.04
2002: 0.03
2001: 0.05
2000: 0.07
1999: 0.1722
1998: 0.12
1997: 0.15
1994: 0.1133

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn France, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2012: 916
2011: 15
2010: 816 22
2009: 12
2008: 13
2007: 8
2006: 13
2005: 20
2004: 8
2003: 23
2002: 13
2001: 25
2000: 26

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.016
2011: 0.0
2010: 0.0122 16
2009: 0.02
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.02
2005: 0.03
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.04
2002: 0.02
2001: 0.04
2000: 0.04

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn France, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2012: 1516
2011: 55
2010: 2416 22
2009: 17
2008: 26
2007: 24
2006: 40
2005: 16
2004: 11
2003: 3
2002: 6
2001: 8
2000: 18

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.016
2011: 0.1
2010: 0.0422 16
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.04
2007: 0.04
2006: 0.06
2005: 0.03
2004: 0.02
2003: 0.00
2002: 0.01
2001: 0.01
2000: 0.03

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn France, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2012: 27217
2011: 17517 18
2010: 19717 34
2009: 253
2008: 225
2007: 298
2006: 299
2005: 293
2004: 305
2003: 317
2002: 329
2001: 255
2000: 218
1998: 34023

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.417
2011: 0.27
2010: 0.307 34
2009: 0.39
2008: 0.35
2007: 0.47
2006: 0.47
2005: 0.46
2004: 0.49
2003: 0.51
2002: 0.53
2001: 0.41
2000: 0.36
1998: 0.5723
1994: 0.6535

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn France, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2012: 117
2011: 1
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 317 34
2006: 017
2005: 0
2004: 0
2003: 117 34
2002: 5
2001: 1
2000: 3

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.017
2011: 0.0
2010: 0.0
2009: 0.0
2008: 0.0
2007: 0.0034 17
2006: 0.017
2005: 0.0
2004: 0.0
2003: 0.0034 17
2002: 0.01
2001: 0.00
2000: 0.01

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn France, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2012: 2417
2011: 14
2010: 1817 34
2009: 23
2008: 10
2007: 29
2006: 28
2005: 28
2004: 32
2003: 33
2002: 33
2001: 27
2000: 19

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.017
2011: 0.0
2010: 0.0334 17
2009: 0.04
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.05
2006: 0.05
2005: 0.05
2004: 0.05
2003: 0.05
2002: 0.06
2001: 0.05
2000: 0.03

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn France, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2012: 24717
2011: 160
2010: 17917 34
2009: 230
2008: 215
2007: 266
2006: 271
2005: 265
2004: 273
2003: 337
2002: 291
2001: 227
2000: 196

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.417
2011: 0.3
2010: 0.2834 17
2009: 0.37
2008: 0.35
2007: 0.43
2006: 0.44
2005: 0.43
2004: 0.46
2003: 0.56
2002: 0.49
2001: 0.39
2000: 0.35

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In France, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, France was ranked 'medium'48

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Regulation of Firearm Exports

In France, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from France is reported by Customs to be US$71,435,16372 (2011)73 74 75

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, France was categorized as 'major'76 77 78

Regulation of Firearm Imports

In France, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law 79 57 58 80 81 82 60 64 65 66 67 68 69

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to France is reported by Customs to be US$139,034,02772 (2011)83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in France is moderate91 92 93

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In France, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law36 38 94 95 96 97 98 99

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in France include49 51 100 53 101 102 61 64 103 62 63 82 65 67 69 104 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

ChartIn its annual Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer, the Small Arms Survey compares public reporting among major arms exporting nations on a scale from strong to weak (25 to zero). In recent years, France scored

2016: 15.75105
2014: 15.00106
2013: 14.25107
2012: 14.00108
2011: 14.00109
2010: 14.50110
2009: 14.75111
2008: 14.00112
2007: 13.75113
2006: 17.25114
2005: 12.00115
2004: 14.25116

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in France is categorised as restrictive117

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in France includes the Internal Security Code,118 119 the Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons,120 the Defence Code,121 118 the Order of 2007 on the Creation of the Application for the Management of the Computerized Register of Owners and Holders of Firearms,122 the Decree on Exports of Firearms of 2014,123 the Order of November 15, 2000 on Modalities for Destruction by Gunsmiths of Firearms,124 the Ordinance 2004-1374 of 20 December 2004 concerning the legislative part of the Defence Code that repealed the Decree-Law of 18 April, 1939 on Weapons of War, Firearms and Ammunition,125 the Council Directive of 18 June, 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons,126 127 the European Union Firearms Regulation of 2012, the Common Position on the Control of Arms Brokering of 2003128 and the Convention of 1 July, 1969 on Reciprocal Recognition of Proofmarks on Small Arms129

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in France are regulated by the Ministers of Defence,130 Interior, Industry, Customs,43 and Sports,131 the Prefect,132 National Police, National Gendarmerie,38 and the European Commission127

Right to Possess Firearms

In France, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law133 134

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In France, civilians are not allowed to possess weapons of war, certain handguns and long guns, automatic firearms, firearms disguised as other objects, and armour-piercing, incendiary and expanding ammunition135 136 137 138 139

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In France, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited136 140 141 138 139

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In France, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted under licence140 142 143 144 139

Regulation of Handguns

In France, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is prohibited with only narrow exemptions136 140 145 138 143 144 139

Law Regulates Long Guns

In France, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law136 140 142 146 143 144 139

Gun Ownership and Possession

In France, only licensed gun owners (for certain arms)147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 81 159 138 143 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in France are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, target shooting, personal protection, security and collection160 161 162 163 164 101 165

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in France is 18 years (except for sports shooters between 12 and 18 years old)119 162 131 166 165

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in France must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental health and health147 167 168 163 169 170 171 148 37 165 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In France, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required172 173

Partner to be Advised or Interviewed

In France, licensing authorities are not required172 173 to conduct interviews with, or to advise an applicant's spouse, partner, or next of kin before issuing a gun licence

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in France does not stipulate172 173 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In France, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required, only for persons exposed to serious risks due to their professional activity,163 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In France, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every five years174 175 176 177 178 154

Licensing Records

In France, authorities maintain a record122 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 96 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in France are permitted to possess a limited number of firearms186 162 161

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in France are permitted to possess a limited quantity of ammunition186 187 188 189 190 191

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In France, the law requires122 179 180 181 192 193 96 194 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In France, licensed firearm dealers are required94 42 195 196 197 96 194 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In France, licensed gun makers are required94 42 196 197 96 47 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In France, State agencies are required198 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In France, the private sale and transfer of firearms is permitted193 199 200 192 201 202 151 152 203 204 144

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In France, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful39 40 38 41 42 205 177 206 151 152 190 207 184 36 37 204 208 144

Background Checks for Dealer Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm from a licensed gun dealer in France is obliged209 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Number of Licensed Gun Dealers

The number of licensed firearm dealers in France is reported to be 360209

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In France, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined172 173

Regulation of Gun Shows

In France, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are regulated210 211 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in France include46 212 213 214 215 168 163 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in France include46 44 210 168 163 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in France include46 198 216 217 218 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in France include219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In France, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law227 228 45 129 229 47 230 231 232 233

Firearm Tracing

In France, state authorities carry out122 234 232 233 194 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In France, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law235 236 237 238 239 240 241 145

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In France, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm242 is three years in prison and a fine243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in France are known to have93 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn France, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2014: 5,8712 263
2013: 825264
2012: 6,965265 264
2011: 26,591265 266 264
2010: 33,554266
2009: 32,762

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn France, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2012: 12,532267
2011: 41,105268
2010: 63,017
2009: 68,608
1998/2000: 140,000269

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In France, it is not state policy270 271 272 273 167 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

European Union

As a member of the European Union, France is bound by the provisions of the ‘EU Firearms Directive’ – the 2007 Legislative Resolution on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons of the European Parliament284 285

European Union Export Reporting

Under the European Union Common Position on Arms Exports, France is bound to declare its transfers of military technology and equipment. Independent monitoring provides detailed comparisons of arms export reporting compliance across EU member states, and records that France has submitted one or more national reports286 on its arms transfers

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 2006287 by France.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified288 by France

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has not been signed289 by France

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, France committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects290

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored France against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 57291 292 293 294 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, France has submitted one or more national reports295 296 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In France, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated297 296

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In France, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has not been designated296 297

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of France submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent296

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been donated296 by France to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, France has declared298 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, France has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1945299

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies lists300 France as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in France, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where France ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


Short References

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22.

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23.

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30.

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31.

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36.

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37.

France.2011.‘Article L. 2332-11 - Manufacturers and Dealers (Entreprises de fabrication ou de commerce).’ Defence Code (Code de la Défense).Paris:President of the French Republic,16 September. (Q6007)Full Citation

38.

France.2014.‘Manufacture and Commerce of Weapons of War (Fabrication et commerce des matériels de guerre).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10574)Full Citation

39.

France.2013.‘Manufacture and Commerce Authorisation (Autorisation de fabrication et de commerce).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10575)Full Citation

40.

France.2013.‘Manufacture and Commerce - Authority (Fabrication et commerce - autorité).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10576)Full Citation

41.

France.2013.‘Transfer of Firearms of Categories A and B (Transfert d'armes des catégories A et B).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10579)Full Citation

42.

France.2014.‘Manufacturer and Dealer Record-keeping (Tenue des registres des fabricants et commerçants).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10580)Full Citation

43.

France.2013.‘Firearm Manufacture from Firearm Components Already Put on the Market (Fabrication d'armes à partir d'éléments d'arme déjà mises sur le marché).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10581)Full Citation

44.

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45.

France.2014.‘Article R. 311-5 - Marking (Marquage).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10915)Full Citation

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50.

France.2015.‘Firearms Export Subject to Authorisation.’ Decree No. 2014-62 of 28 January 2014, on Exports of Firearms, Ammunition and Their Components, which Implements the EU Regulation No. 258/2012 of the European Parliament and Council of 14 March 2012 (Act Current to 10 September 2015).Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,8 July. (Q10808)Full Citation

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France.2014.‘Persons Allowed to Submit an Export Licence Request.’ Decree No. 2014-62 of 28 January 2014, on Exports of Firearms, Ammunition and Their Components, which Implements the EU Regulation No. 258/2012 of the European Parliament and Council of 14 March 2012 (Act Current to 10 September 2015).Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10810)Full Citation

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54.

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France.2014.‘Transfers Between Member States (Transfert entre Etats membres).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,28 January. (Q10618)Full Citation

60.

France.2013.‘Purchase of a Firearm in View of Its Transfer to Another Member State (Acquisition d'une arme en vue de son transfert vers un autre Etat membre).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10615)Full Citation

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France.2014.‘Conditions for the Sale of a Firearm Intended to Another Member State (Conditions pour la vente d'une arme à destination d'un autre Etat membre).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10616)Full Citation

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France.2014.‘Article R. 312-2 - Competent Authority to Issue Authorisations (Autorité compétente pour délivrer des autorisations).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10917)Full Citation

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France.2013.‘Article L. 312-2 - Prohibition to Acquire and Possess Firearms of Category A.’ Internal Security Code - Legislative Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie législative).Paris:President of the French Republic,20 June. (Q10775)Full Citation

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France.2014.‘Article R. 311-2 - Category A Weapons (Armes de catégorie A).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10911)Full Citation

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France.2014.‘Article R. 311-2 - Category B Weapons (Armes de catégorie B).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10912)Full Citation

141.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-26 - Authorisations for Film and Show Companies (Autorisations pour entreprises de films ou spectacles).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10967)Full Citation

142.

France.2014.‘Article R. 311-2 - Category C Weapons (Armes de catégorie C).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10913)Full Citation

143.

European Council.1991.‘Article 7.’ Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons (91/477/EEC) [current to 2008 amendments].Brussels:Council of the European Communities,18 June. (Q2411)Full Citation

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European Council.1991.‘Article 8.’ Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons (91/477/EEC) [current to 2008 amendments].Brussels:Council of the European Communities,18 June. (Q2412)Full Citation

145.

France.2014.‘Article R. 315-7 - Authorised Handguns (Armes de poing autorisées).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10947)Full Citation

146.

France.2014.‘Article R. 311-2 - Category D Weapons (Armes de catégorie D).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10914)Full Citation

147.

France.2013.‘Article L. 312-4 - Acquisition and Possession of Firearms of Category B.’ Internal Security Code - Legislative Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie législative).Paris:President of the French Republic,20 June. (Q10776)Full Citation

148.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-21 - Condition for the Issuance of an Authorisation for Firearms of Category B.’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10968)Full Citation

149.

France.2013.‘Article L. 312-4-1 - Acquisition of Firearms of Category C.’ Internal Security Code - Legislative Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie législative).Paris:President of the French Republic,20 June. (Q10769)Full Citation

150.

France.2013.‘Article L. 312-4-2 - Acquisition and Possession of Firearms of Category D.’ Internal Security Code - Legislative Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie législative).Paris:President of the French Republic,20 June. (Q10770)Full Citation

151.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-56 - Firearms Declaration/Acquisition (Déclaration des armes à feu/Acquisition).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10924)Full Citation

152.

France.2014.‘Article R. 314-19 - Firearms Declaration/Transfer (Déclaration des armes à feu/Transfert).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10925)Full Citation

153.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-55 - Inherited Firearms (Armes dévolues par voie successorale).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10923)Full Citation

154.

France.2013.‘European Firearm Pass (Carte européenne d'arme à feu).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10611)Full Citation

155.

France.2014.‘Common Law on Purchases (Régime de droit commun d'acquisition).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10607)Full Citation

156.

France.2013.‘Authorisation to Purchase for a Resident of a Member State of the European Union (Autorisation d'acquérir pour un résident d'un Etat membre de l'Union européenne).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10608)Full Citation

157.

France.2013.‘Purchase in another Member State (Acquisition dans un autre Etat membre).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10610)Full Citation

158.

France.2013.‘Trip Between France and Another Member State (Voyage entre la France et un autre Etat membre).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10612)Full Citation

159.

European Council.1991.‘Article 4a.’ Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons (91/477/EEC) [current to 2008 amendments].Brussels:Council of the European Communities,18 June. (Q2407)Full Citation

160.

France.2014.‘Articles R. 312-37, -38 - Authorisations for Companies (Autorisations pour entreprises).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10969)Full Citation

161.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-39 - Authorisations for Individuals Exposed to Risks.’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10970)Full Citation

162.

France.2014.‘Articles R. 312-40, -41 - Authorisations for the Practice of Sports Shooting.’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10971)Full Citation

163.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-5 - Additional Documents for Authorisation Requests (Pièces complémentaires pour les demandes d'autorisation).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10919)Full Citation

164.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-53 - Purchase of Firearms of Categories C and D (Acquisition des armes de catégories C et D).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10977)Full Citation

165.

European Council.1991.‘Article 5.’ Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons (91/477/EEC) [current to 2008 amendments].Brussels:Council of the European Communities,18 June. (Q2409)Full Citation

166.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-1 - Prohibited Acquisition by Minors (Interdiction d'acquisition par les mineurs).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10916)Full Citation

167.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-67 - Specific Prohibitions (Interdictions spécifiques).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10955)Full Citation

168.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-4 - Authorisation Requests (Demandes d'autorisation).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10918)Full Citation

169.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-6 - Medical Certificate (Certificat médical).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10920)Full Citation

170.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-8 - Mental Records (Antécédents mentaux).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10921)Full Citation

171.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-57 - Declaration - Medical Certificate (Déclaration - certificat médical).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10926)Full Citation

172.

France.2013.‘Decree No. 2013-700 (Décret n° 2013-700).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10642)Full Citation

173.

France.2015.‘Defence Code (Code de la Défense).’ Defence Code (Code de la Défense).Paris:President of the French Republic,1 September. (Q6016)Full Citation

174.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-13 - Validity of Authorisation (Durée de l'autorisation).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10965)Full Citation

175.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-3 - Authorisation Requests - Authority (Demandes d'autorisations - Autorité compétente).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10959)Full Citation

176.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-11 - Authorisation's Validity (Validité de l'autorisation).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10962)Full Citation

177.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-12 - Validity of an Authorisation to Purchase Firearms.’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10964)Full Citation

178.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-14 - Renewal Request (Demande de renouvellement).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10966)Full Citation

179.

France.2013.‘Registration of Firearm Authorisations, Declarations, and Registrations.’ Order of November 15, 2007 on the Creation of the Application for the Management of the Computerized Register of Owners and Holders of Firearms (Act Current to 8 September 2015).Paris:Ministers of the Interior, Overseas France and Territorial Communities, Defence, Budgets, Public Accounts, and Civil Service of the French Republic,2 September. (Q10694)Full Citation

180.

France.2012.‘Registration Data.’ Order of November 15, 2007 on the Creation of the Application for the Management of the Computerized Register of Owners and Holders of Firearms (Act Current to 8 September 2015).Paris:Ministers of the Interior, Overseas France and Territorial Communities, Defence, Budgets, Public Accounts, and Civil Service of the French Republic,28 March. (Q10695)Full Citation

181.

France.2007.‘Time for Retaining Information on Firearm Owners.’ Order of November 15, 2007 on the Creation of the Application for the Management of the Computerized Register of Owners and Holders of Firearms (Act Current to 8 September 2015).Paris:Ministers of the Interior, Overseas France and Territorial Communities, Defence, Budgets, Public Accounts, and Civil Service of the French Republic,15 November. (Q10696)Full Citation

182.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-77 - Records (Fichiers).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10928)Full Citation

183.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-78 - National File of Individuals Prohibited from Purchasing and Possessing Firearms (Fichier national des interdits d'acquisition et de détention d'armes).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10929)Full Citation

184.

France.2014.‘Article R. 313-12 - List of Retail Stores (Liste des commerces de détail).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10932)Full Citation

185.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-43 - Shooting Booklet (Carnet de tir).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10972)Full Citation

186.

France.2013.‘Article L. 312-4-3 - Limited Number of Firearms and Quantity of Ammunition.’ Internal Security Code - Legislative Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie législative).Paris:President of the French Republic,20 June. (Q10777)Full Citation

187.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-46 - Purchase of Ammunition for Firearms of Category B (Acquisition de munitions des armes de catégorie B).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10974)Full Citation

188.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-47 - Limit on the Purchase of Ammunition (Limitation quant à l'acquisition de munitions).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10975)Full Citation

189.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-49 - Ammunition per Firearm (Munitions par arme).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10976)Full Citation

190.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-45 - Purchase and Possession of Magazines and Ammunition (Acquisition et détention des systèmes d'alimentation et des munitions).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10973)Full Citation

191.

European Council.1991.‘Article 10.’ Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons (91/477/EEC) [current to 2008 amendments].Brussels:Council of the European Communities,18 June. (Q2413)Full Citation

192.

France.2013.‘Article L. 314-2-1 - Transfer of Firearms of Categories C and D Between Individuals.’ Internal Security Code - Legislative Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie législative).Paris:President of the French Republic,20 June. (Q10771)Full Citation

193.

France.2014.‘Article R. 314-16 - Ownership Transfer of a Firearm by an Individual (Transfert de propriété d'une arme par un particulier).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10960)Full Citation

194.

European Council.1991.‘Article 4.’ Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons (91/477/EEC) [current to 2008 amendments].Brussels:Council of the European Communities,18 June. (Q2406)Full Citation

195.

France.2014.‘Article R. 313-24 - Obligations of a Dealer when Transferring Firearms and Ammunition (Obligations de l'armurier lors de la cession des armes et munitions).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10935)Full Citation

196.

France.2014.‘Gun Dealer Record Keeping (Tenue d'un registre par les commerçants d'armes à feu).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10589)Full Citation

197.

France.2014.‘Prefects in Charge of Special Registers (Préfets en charge des registres spéciaux).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10578)Full Citation

198.

France.2010.‘Stockpile Management and Securing (Gestion et Sécurisation des Stocks).’ National Report of France on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of France to the United Nations,1 May. (Q4788)Full Citation

199.

France.2013.‘Article L. 314-3 - Transfers of Firearms of Categories A and B Not Intended for Commerce.’ Internal Security Code - Legislative Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie législative).Paris:President of the French Republic,20 June. (Q10779)Full Citation

200.

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