Find Gun Policy Facts

Armed violence prevention, gun control laws and the small arms trade:

France — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in France is 19,000,0001

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) in France is 31.21 firearms per 100 people

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, France ranked at No. 52

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, France ranked at No. 121

Number of Registered Firearms

The number of registered guns in France is reported to be 2,802,0571

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

The rate of registered guns per 100 people in France is 4.443

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of France are reported to have 1,300,0004 5 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in France are reported to have 217,7476 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn France, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2010: 1,7367 8 9 10
2009: 1,86411
2008: 1,9567 8 9 10
2007: 1,836
2006: 2,041
2005: 2,105
2004: 2,063
2003: 2,263
2002: 2,219
2001: 2,340
2000: 2,479
1999: 2,2847 8 9
1998: 2,9647 8 9 12
1997: 2,8567 8 9

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2010: 2.673
2009: 3.0011
2008: 3.053
2007: 2.88
2006: 3.22
2005: 3.34
2004: 3.29
2003: 3.63
2002: 3.58
2001: 3.80
2000: 4.05
1999: 3.75
1998: 4.89
1997: 4.73

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn France, annual homicides by any means total

2012: 66513
2011: 74313 14
2010: 675
2009: 682
2008: 839
2007: 826
2006: 879
2005: 976
2004: 990
2003: 987
2002: 1,119
2001: 1,047
2000: 1,051
1999: 95314
1998: 961
1997: 96314 15
1996: 1,171
1995: 1,336

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn France, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2012: 1.013
2011: 1.213 14
2010: 1.1
2009: 1.1
2008: 1.3
2007: 1.3
2006: 1.4
2005: 1.6
2004: 1.6
2003: 1.6
2002: 1.9
2001: 1.8
2000: 1.8
1999: 1.614
1998: 1.6
1997: 1.7
1996: 2.0
1995: 2.3
1994: 1.1216

Gun Homicides

ChartIn France, annual firearm homicides total

2010: 1277
2009: 134
2008: 142
2007: 997 14
2006: 1117
2005: 124
2004: 132
2003: 123
2002: 156
2001: 163
2000: 155
1999: 155
1998: 170
1997: 214

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.207
2009: 0.21
2008: 0.23
2007: 0.167 14
2006: 0.187
2005: 0.2
2004: 0.22
2003: 0.2
2002: 0.26
2001: 0.28
2000: 0.26
1999: 0.26
1998: 0.29
1997: 0.37
1994: 0.4417

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn France, annual handgun homicides total

2010: 17
2005: 1
2003: 2
2001: 1
2000: 2

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.007
2005: 0.00
2003: 0.00
2001: 0.00
2000: 0.00

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn France, annual long gun homicides total

2010: 67
2009: 6
2008: 7
2007: 5
2006: 5
2005: 9
2004: 7
2003: 11
2002: 11
2001: 9
2000: 11

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.017
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.02
2002: 0.02
2001: 0.02
2000: 0.02

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn France, annual gun homicides (other) total

2010: 1207
2009: 128
2008: 135
2007: 94
2006: 106
2005: 114
2004: 125
2003: 110
2002: 145
2001: 153
2000: 142

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.197
2009: 0.21
2008: 0.22
2007: 0.15
2006: 0.17
2005: 0.19
2004: 0.21
2003: 0.18
2002: 0.24
2001: 0.26
2000: 0.24

Suicides (any method)

In France, annual suicides by any means total

1998: 10,53412

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn France, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

1998: 17.5112
1994: 20.7918

Gun Suicides

ChartIn France, annual firearm suicides total

2010: 1,3788
2009: 1,446
2008: 1,548
2007: 1,406
2006: 1,578
2005: 1,653
2004: 1,604
2003: 1,742
2002: 1,713
2001: 1,887
2000: 2,053
1999: 2,029
1998: 2,386
1997: 2,556

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2010: 2.198
2009: 2.33
2008: 2.49
2007: 2.27
2006: 2.56
2005: 2.71
2004: 2.65
2003: 2.9
2002: 2.87
2001: 3.19
2000: 3.49
1999: 3.46
1998: 4.05
1997: 4.36
1994: 5.1419

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn France, annual handgun suicides total

2010: 118
2009: 16
2008: 16
2007: 12
2006: 13
2005: 17
2004: 10
2003: 9
2002: 14
2001: 17
2000: 21

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.028
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.03
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.02
2005: 0.03
2004: 0.02
2003: 0.02
2002: 0.02
2001: 0.03
2000: 0.04

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn France, the number of long gun suicides is

2010: 1138
2009: 97
2008: 96
2007: 108
2006: 111
2005: 126
2004: 116
2003: 153
2002: 150
2001: 161
2000: 203

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.188
2009: 0.16
2008: 0.15
2007: 0.17
2006: 0.18
2005: 0.21
2004: 0.19
2003: 0.25
2002: 0.25
2001: 0.27
2000: 0.34

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn France, annual gun suicides (other) total

2010: 1,2548
2009: 1,333
2008: 1,436
2007: 1,286
2006: 1,454
2005: 1,510
2004: 1,478
2003: 1,580
2002: 1,549
2001: 1,709
2000: 1,829

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2010: 1.998
2009: 2.15
2008: 2.31
2007: 2.08
2006: 2.36
2005: 2.48
2004: 2.44
2003: 2.63
2002: 2.60
2001: 2.89
2000: 3.11

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn France, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2010: 349
2009: 29
2008: 40
2007: 32
2006: 53
2005: 36
2004: 19
2003: 26
2002: 19
2001: 33
2000: 43
1999: 100
1998: 68
1997: 86

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.059
2009: 0.05
2008: 0.06
2007: 0.05
2006: 0.09
2005: 0.06
2004: 0.03
2003: 0.04
2002: 0.03
2001: 0.06
2000: 0.07
1999: 0.17
1998: 0.12
1997: 0.15
1994: 0.1120

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn France, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2010: 99
2009: 12
2008: 14
2007: 8
2006: 13
2005: 20
2004: 8
2003: 23
2002: 13
2001: 25
2000: 25

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.019
2009: 0.02
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.02
2005: 0.03
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.04
2002: 0.02
2001: 0.04
2000: 0.04

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn France, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2010: 259
2009: 17
2008: 26
2007: 24
2006: 40
2005: 16
2004: 11
2003: 3
2002: 6
2001: 8
2000: 18

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.049
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.04
2007: 0.04
2006: 0.06
2005: 0.03
2004: 0.02
2003: 0.01
2002: 0.01
2001: 0.01
2000: 0.03

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn France, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2010: 19710
2009: 255
2008: 226
2007: 299
2006: 299
2005: 292
2004: 308
2003: 372
2002: 331
2001: 257
2000: 228
1998: 34012

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.3110
2009: 0.41
2008: 0.36
2007: 0.48
2006: 0.49
2005: 0.48
2004: 0.51
2003: 0.62
2002: 0.55
2001: 0.43
2000: 0.39
1998: 0.5712
1994: 0.6521

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn France, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2007: 210
2003: 1
2002: 5
2001: 1
2000: 3

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2007: 0.0010
2003: 0.00
2002: 0.01
2001: 0.00
2000: 0.01

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn France, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2010: 1810
2009: 23
2008: 10
2007: 29
2006: 28
2005: 28
2004: 32
2003: 33
2002: 33
2001: 27
2000: 20

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.0310
2009: 0.04
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.05
2006: 0.05
2005: 0.05
2004: 0.05
2003: 0.05
2002: 0.06
2001: 0.05
2000: 0.03

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn France, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2010: 17910
2009: 232
2008: 216
2007: 267
2006: 271
2005: 264
2004: 276
2003: 338
2002: 293
2001: 229
2000: 205

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.2810
2009: 0.37
2008: 0.35
2007: 0.43
2006: 0.44
2005: 0.43
2004: 0.46
2003: 0.56
2002: 0.49
2001: 0.39
2000: 0.35

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In France, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, France was ranked 'medium'34

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Regulation of Firearm Exports

In France, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from France is reported by Customs to be US$71,435,16357 (2011)58

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, France was categorized as 'mid-level'59

Regulation of Firearm Imports

In France, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law35 36 37 60 61 44 45 62 63 64 65 50 51 52 53

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to France is reported by Customs to be US$139,034,02757 (2011)66 67

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in France is moderate68 69

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In France, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law22 70 71 72 73 74

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in France include38 40 41 42 43 46 50 52 54 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

ChartIn its annual Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer, the Small Arms Survey compares public reporting among major arms exporting nations on a scale from strong to weak (25 to zero). In recent years, France scored

2014: 15.0075
2013: 14.2576
2012: 14.0077
2011: 14.0078
2010: 14.5079
2009: 14.7580
2008: 14.0081
2007: 13.7582
2006: 17.2583
2005: 12.0084
2004: 14.2585

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in France is categorised as restrictive86

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in France includes the Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons,87 the Defence Code,88 the Order of November 15, 2000 on Modalities for Destruction by Gunsmiths of Firearms,89 the Ordinance 2004-1374 of 20 December 2004 concerning the legislative part of the Defence Code that repealed the Decree-Law of 18 April, 1939 on Weapons of War, Firearms and Ammunition,90 the Council Directive of 18 June, 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons,91 92 the European Union Firearms Regulation of 2012, the Common Position on the Control of Arms Brokering of 200393 and the Convention of 1 July, 1969 on Reciprocal Recognition of Proofmarks on Small Arms94

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in France are regulated by the Ministers of Defence,95 Interior, Industry, Customs,27 and Sports,96 the Prefect,97 Police and Gendarmerie,22 and the European Commission92

Right to Possess Firearms

In France, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law98

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In France, civilians are not allowed to possess weapons of war, certain handguns and long guns, automatic firearms, firearms disguised as other objects, and armour-piercing, incendiary and expanding ammunition99 100 101

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In France, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited99 102 103 100 101

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In France, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted under licence102 104 105 106 107 101

Regulation of Handguns

In France, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is prohibited with only narrow exemptions99 102 105 108 100 106 107 101

Law Regulates Long Guns

In France, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law99 102 104 109

Gun Ownership and Possession

In France, only licensed gun owners (for certain arms)102 110 104 109 111 112 113 114 115 116 37 117 38 44 118 100 106 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in France are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, target shooting, personal protection, security119 120 121 111 122 123

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in France is 18 years (except for sports shooters that are between 12 and 18 years old)120 96 124 125 123

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in France must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental and health126 111 127 128 129 110 130 131 33 123 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In France, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required132 133

Partner to be Advised or Interviewed

In France, licensing authorities are not required132 133 to conduct interviews with, or to advise an applicant's spouse, partner, or next of kin before issuing a gun licence

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in France does not stipulate132 133 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In France, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every five years134 117 135 136 137

Licensing Records

In France, authorities maintain a record138 139 71 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in France are permitted to possess a limited number of firearms120 121

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in France are permitted to possess a limited quantity of ammunition140 141 142 143

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In France, the law requires144 71 145 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In France, licensed firearm dealers are required70 146 147 148 71 145 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In France, licensed gun makers are required70 146 71 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In France, State agencies are required149 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In France, the private sale and transfer of firearms is permitted150 112 122 110 142 151 152 153 154 41 31 32

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In France, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful22 155 156 23 24 25 157 112 41 28 29 31 32 33 158 107

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In France, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined132 133

Regulation of Gun Shows

In France, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are regulated159 31 32 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in France include160 111 161 162 163 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in France include164 159 165 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in France include149 160 166 167 168 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in France include169 170 35 171 172 173 174 36 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In France, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law175 176 177 178 179

Firearm Tracing

In France, state authorities carry out180 178 179 145 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In France, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law105 181 182 183 119 184 185

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In France, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm186 is 7 years prison and a fine187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in France are known to have69 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Firearms Collected and Seized

ChartIn France, firearms voluntarily surrendered for destruction, collected or seized in routine policing are reported to number

2013: 825205
2010-12: 536

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In France, it is not state policy206 207 126 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

European Union

As a member of the European Union, France is bound by the provisions of the ‘EU Firearms Directive’ – the 2007 Legislative Resolution on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons of the European Parliament219 220

European Union Export Reporting

Under the European Union Common Position on Arms Exports, France is bound to declare its transfers of military technology and equipment. Independent monitoring provides detailed comparisons of arms export reporting compliance across EU member states, and records that France has submitted one or more national reports221 on its arms transfers

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 2006222 by France.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified223 by France

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has not been signed224 by France

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, France committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects225

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored France against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 57226 227 228 229 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, France has submitted one or more national reports230 231 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In France, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated232 231

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In France, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated232

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of France submitted to the UN, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities is apparent231

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been donated231 by France to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, France has declared233 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, France has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1945234

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies lists235 France as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in France, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where France ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


Short References

1.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms - Annexe online.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q5)Full Citation

2.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q4)Full Citation

3.

GunPolicy.org.2014.‘Calculated Rates - France.’ Historical Population Data - USCB International Data Base.Suitland, MD:US Census Bureau Population Division,30 June. (Q4236)Full Citation

4.

Karp, Aaron.2013.‘Table 4: Twenty Largest Military Small Arms Inventories.’ Armed Actors - Data Sources and the Estimation of Military-Owned Small Arms.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,1 September. (Q8186)Full Citation

5.

Karp, Aaron.2006.‘Trickle and Torrent: State stockpiles.’ Small Arms Survey 2006: Unfinished Business.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q6)Full Citation

6.

Karp, Aaron.2006.‘Trickle and Torrent: State stockpiles.’ Small Arms Survey 2006: Unfinished Business.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q7)Full Citation

7.

WHO.2014.‘Inter-country Comparison of Mortality for Selected Cause of Death - Gun Homicide in France.’ European Detailed Mortality Database (DMDB).Copenhagen:World Health Organisation Regional Office for Europe,19 June. (Q6073)Full Citation

8.

WHO.2014.‘Inter-country Comparison of Mortality for Selected Cause of Death - Gun Suicide in France.’ European Detailed Mortality Database (DMDB).Copenhagen:World Health Organisation Regional Office for Europe,19 June. (Q6143)Full Citation

9.

WHO.2014.‘Inter-country Comparison of Mortality for Selected Cause of Death - Unintentional Gun Deaths in France.’ European Detailed Mortality Database (DMDB).Copenhagen:World Health Organisation Regional Office for Europe,19 June. (Q6183)Full Citation

10.

WHO.2014.‘Inter-country Comparison of Mortality for Selected Cause of Death - Gun Death from Undetermined Cause in France.’ European Detailed Mortality Database (DMDB).Copenhagen:World Health Organisation Regional Office for Europe,19 June. (Q6444)Full Citation

11.

WHO.2011.‘Inter-country Comparison of Mortality for Selected Cause of Death - Total Firearm Death.’ European Detailed Mortality Database (DMDB).Copenhagen:World Health Organisation Regional Office for Europe,15 September. (Q5684)Full Citation

12.

Jackson, Thomas.2005.‘Global Gun Deaths.’ NISAT Firearm Mortality Database 2005.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,1 January. (Q12)Full Citation

13.

UNODC.2014.‘Homicides in France.’ Global Study on Homicide 2013: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC),10 April. (Q10340)Full Citation

14.

UNODC.2013.‘Homicide in 207 Countries - France.’ Global Study on Homicide 2011: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,26 June. (Q6213)Full Citation

15.

Barclay, Gordon, Cynthia Tavares and Arsalaan Siddique.2001.‘Crimes Recorded by Police: Homicide.’ International Comparisons of Criminal Justice Statistics 1999.London:UK Home Office,1 May. (Q2143)Full Citation

16.

Krug, E G, K E Powell and L L Dahlberg.1998.‘Firearm-Related Deaths in the United States and 35 Other High- and Upper-Middle-Income Countries.’ International Journal of Epidemiology.Atlanta:National Centre for Injury Prevention & Control, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention / CDC,16 April. (Q1301)Full Citation

17.

Krug, E G, K E Powell and L L Dahlberg.1998.‘Firearm-Related Deaths in the United States and 35 Other High- and Upper-Middle-Income Countries.’ International Journal of Epidemiology.Atlanta:National Centre for Injury Prevention & Control, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention / CDC,16 April. (Q1297)Full Citation

18.

Krug, E G, K E Powell and L L Dahlberg.1998.‘Firearm-Related Deaths in the United States and 35 Other High- and Upper-Middle-Income Countries.’ International Journal of Epidemiology.Atlanta:National Centre for Injury Prevention & Control, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention / CDC,16 April. (Q1302)Full Citation

19.

Krug, E G, K E Powell and L L Dahlberg.1998.‘Firearm-Related Deaths in the United States and 35 Other High- and Upper-Middle-Income Countries.’ International Journal of Epidemiology.Atlanta:National Centre for Injury Prevention & Control, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention / CDC,16 April. (Q1298)Full Citation

20.

Krug, E G, K E Powell and L L Dahlberg.1998.‘Firearm-Related Deaths in the United States and 35 Other High- and Upper-Middle-Income Countries.’ International Journal of Epidemiology.Atlanta:National Centre for Injury Prevention & Control, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention / CDC,16 April. (Q1299)Full Citation

21.

Krug, E G, K E Powell and L L Dahlberg.1998.‘Firearm-Related Deaths in the United States and 35 Other High- and Upper-Middle-Income Countries.’ International Journal of Epidemiology.Atlanta:National Centre for Injury Prevention & Control, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention / CDC,16 April. (Q1300)Full Citation

22.

France.2013.‘Manufacture and Commerce of Weapons of War (Fabrication et commerce des matériels de guerre).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10574)Full Citation

23.

France.2013.‘Manufacture and Commerce Authorisation (Autorisation de fabrication et de commerce).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10575)Full Citation

24.

France.2013.‘Manufacture and Commerce - Authority (Fabrication et commerce - autorité).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10576)Full Citation

25.

France.2013.‘Transfer of Firearms of Categories A and B (Transfert d'armes des catégories A et B).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10579)Full Citation

26.

France.2013.‘Manufacturer and Dealer Record-keeping (Tenue des registres des fabricants et commerçants).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10580)Full Citation

27.

France.2013.‘Firearm Manufacture from Firearm Components Already Put on the Market (Fabrication d'armes à partir d'éléments d'arme déjà mises sur le marché).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10581)Full Citation

28.

France.2011.‘Article L. 2332-1 - Manufacturers and Dealers (Entreprises de fabrication ou de commerce).’ Defence Code (Code de la Défense).Paris:President of the French Republic,16 September. (Q5870)Full Citation

29.

France.2012.‘Article L. 2332-1 - Manufacturers and Dealers (Entreprises de fabrication ou de commerce).’ Defence Code (Code de la Défense).Paris:President of the French Republic,2 April. (Q6121)Full Citation

30.

France.2011.‘Article L. 2332-1-1 - Manufacturers and Dealers (Entreprises de fabrication ou de commerce).’ Defence Code (Code de la Défense).Paris:President of the French Republic,16 September. (Q6014)Full Citation

31.

France.2011.‘Article L. 2332-2 - Manufacturers and Dealers (Entreprises de fabrication ou de commerce).’ Defence Code (Code de la Défense).Paris:President of the French Republic,16 September. (Q6001)Full Citation

32.

France.2012.‘Article L. 2332-2 - Manufacturers and Dealers (Entreprises de fabrication ou de commerce).’ Defence Code (Code de la Défense).Paris:President of the French Republic,2 April. (Q6123)Full Citation

33.

France.2011.‘Article L. 2332-11 - Manufacturers and Dealers (Entreprises de fabrication ou de commerce).’ Defence Code (Code de la Défense).Paris:President of the French Republic,16 September. (Q6007)Full Citation

34.

Small Arms Survey.2001.‘Ranking of World's Small Arms Producers (By Sales).’ Small Arms Survey 2001: Profiling the Problem.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q103)Full Citation

35.

France.2013.‘Exemptions Concerning Shipments of Firearms (Dérogations concernant les expéditions d'armes).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10601)Full Citation

36.

France.2013.‘Transfers of Ammunition within the Country, or From or To a Member State (Transfers de munitions à l'intérieur du pays ou en provenance ou à destination d'un autre Etat membre).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10606)Full Citation

37.

France.2013.‘Trip Between France and Another Member State (Voyage entre la France et un autre Etat membre).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10612)Full Citation

38.

France.2013.‘Firearm Possession during a European Trip (Possession d'armes au cours d'un voyage en Europe).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10613)Full Citation

39.

France.2013.‘Purchase of a Firearm in View of Its Transfer to Another Member State (Acquisition d'une arme en vue de son transfert vers un autre Etat membre).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10615)Full Citation

40.

France.2013.‘Conditions for the Sale of a Firearm Intended to Another Member State (Conditions pour la vente d'une arme à destination d'un autre Etat membre).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10616)Full Citation

41.

France.2013.‘Transfers Between Member States (Transfert entre Etats membres).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10618)Full Citation

42.

France.2013.‘Transfers to Another Member State (Transfert vers un autre Etat membre).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10619)Full Citation

43.

France.2013.‘Transfers to Another Member State - Transfer Declaration (Transfert vers un autre Etat membre - Déclaration de transfert).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10621)Full Citation

44.

France.2013.‘Special Regime (Régime particulier).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10623)Full Citation

45.

France.2013.‘Special Regime - Authorisation (Régime particulier - Autorisation).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10624)Full Citation

46.

France.2013.‘Common Provisions of Both Regimes (Dispositions communes aux deux régimes).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10627)Full Citation

47.

France.2011.‘Article L. 2335-2 - Imports and Exports (Importations et exportations).’ Defence Code (Code de la Défense).Paris:President of the French Republic,16 September. (Q5877)Full Citation

48.

France.2011.‘Article L. 2335-3 - Imports and Exports (Importations et exportations).’ Defence Code (Code de la Défense).Paris:President of the French Republic,16 September. (Q5878)Full Citation

49.

France.2012.‘Article L. 2335-3 - Imports and Exports (Importations et exportations).’ Defence Code (Code de la Défense).Paris:President of the French Republic,2 April. (Q6125)Full Citation

50.

European Council.1991.‘Article 11.’ Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons (91/477/EEC) [current to 2008 amendments].Brussels:Council of the European Communities,18 June. (Q2414)Full Citation

51.

European Council.1991.‘Article 12.’ Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons (91/477/EEC) [current to 2008 amendments].Brussels:Council of the European Communities,18 June. (Q2415)Full Citation

52.

European Council.1991.‘Article 13.’ Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons (91/477/EEC) [current to 2008 amendments].Brussels:Council of the European Communities,18 June. (Q2416)Full Citation

53.

European Council.1991.‘Article 14.’ Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons (91/477/EEC) [current to 2008 amendments].Brussels:Council of the European Communities,18 June. (Q2417)Full Citation

54.

France.2010.‘Export Controls (Autorisation d'exportation).’ National Report of France on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of France to the United Nations,1 May. (Q5841)Full Citation

55.

France.2010.‘Export Controls (Autorisation d'exportation).’ National Report of France on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of France to the United Nations,1 May. (Q5840)Full Citation

56.

European Commission.2013.‘The Need for Action at EU Level - EU Firearms Laws.’ Communication from the Commission to the Council and the European Parliament.Brussels:Europa.eu,21 October. (Q8320)Full Citation

57.

Marsh, Nicholas.2014.‘Database of Authorised Transfers of Small Arms and Light Weapons.’ NISAT Small Arms Trade Database.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,22 December. (Q16)Full Citation

58.

Pavesi, Irene and Christelle Rigual.2013.‘Annexes 8.1: Major Exporters.’ Small Arms Survey 2013: Everyday Dangers.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,2 July. (Q8485)Full Citation

59.

Small Arms Survey.2001.‘60 Known Legal Small Arms Exporting Countries, 2001.’ Small Arms Survey 2001: Profiling the Problem.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q867)Full Citation

60.

France.2013.‘Trip to France by a Resident of Another Member State (Voyage en France d'un résident d'un autre Etat membre).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10614)Full Citation

61.

France.2013.‘Transfers from a Member State to France (Transfert d'un Etat membre vers la France).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10622)Full Citation

62.

France.2013.‘Miscellaneous - Amendments (Dispositions diverses - Modifications).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10660)Full Citation

63.

France.2013.‘Miscellaneous - Amendments to the Defence Code (Dispositions diverses - Modifications au code de la défense).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10661)Full Citation

64.

France.2011.‘Article L. 2335-1 - Imports and Exports (Importations et exportations).’ Defence Code (Code de la Défense).Paris:President of the French Republic,16 September. (Q5876)Full Citation

65.

France.2012.‘Article L. 2335-1 - Imports and Exports (Importations et exportations).’ Defence Code (Code de la Défense).Paris:President of the French Republic,2 April. (Q6124)Full Citation

66.

Berman, Eric.2011.‘Small Arms Transfers: Importing States.’ Weapons and Markets.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,11 November. (Q5997)Full Citation

67.

Pavesi, Irene and Christelle Rigual.2013.‘Annexes 8.2: Major Importers.’ Small Arms Survey 2013: Everyday Dangers.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,2 July. (Q8486)Full Citation

68.

Christophe Cornevin. 2011. ‘Explosion of Gun Seizures in France - Trafficking.’ Le Figaro (France). 2 December. (N268) Full Citation

69.

Christophe Cornevin. 2011. ‘Explosion of Gun Seizures in France - Firearm numbers.’ Le Figaro (France). 2 December. (N267) Full Citation

70.

France.2013.‘Manufacture and Commerce - Special Register (Fabrication et de commerce - Registre spécial).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10577)Full Citation

71.

France.2011.‘Record Keeping (Enregistrement).’ National Report of France on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of France to the United Nations,11 April. (Q4808)Full Citation

72.

European Council.1991.‘Article 4b.’ Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons (91/477/EEC) [current to 2008 amendments].Brussels:Council of the European Communities,18 June. (Q2408)Full Citation

73.

France.2010.‘Brokering (Courtage).’ National Report of France on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of France to the United Nations,1 May. (Q5845)Full Citation

74.

European Commission.2013.‘The Need for Action at EU Level - EU Firearms Laws.’ Communication from the Commission to the Council and the European Parliament.Brussels:Europa.eu,21 October. (Q8319)Full Citation

75.

Holtom, Paul, Irene Pavesi, and Christelle Rigual.2014.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2014.’ Small Arms Survey 2014: Women and Guns.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,16 June. (Q10547)Full Citation

76.

Pavesi, Irene and Christelle Rigual.2013.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2013.’ Small Arms Survey 2013: Everyday Dangers.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,2 July. (Q6871)Full Citation

77.

Lazarevic, Jasna.2012.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2012.’ Small Arms Survey 2012: Moving Targets.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,27 August. (Q6869)Full Citation

78.

Lazarevic, Jasna.2011.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2011.’ Small Arms Survey 2011: States of Security.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,6 July. (Q10549)Full Citation

79.

Lazarevic, Jasna.2010.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2010.’ Small Arms Survey 2010: Gangs, Groups and Guns.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,14 June. (Q10550)Full Citation

80.

Lazarevic, Jasna.2009.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2009.’ Small Arms Survey 2009: Shadows of War.Cambridge:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,9 July. (Q10551)Full Citation

81.

Close, Helen and Chris Stevenson.2008.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2008.’ Small Arms Survey 2008: Risk and Resilience.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,14 July. (Q10552)Full Citation

82.

Glatz, Anne-Kathrin and Lora Lumpe.2007.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2007.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,27 August. (Q10553)Full Citation

83.

Khakee, Anna, Pablo Dreyfus and Anne-Kathrin Glatz.2006.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2006.’ Small Arms Survey 2006: Unfinished Business.Oxford:Oxford University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,1 July. (Q10554)Full Citation

84.

Khakee, Anna.2005.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2005.’ Small Arms Survey 2005: Weapons at War.Oxford:Oxford University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,11 July. (Q10555)Full Citation

85.

Khakee, Anna.2004.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2004.’ Small Arms Survey 2004: Rights at Risk.Oxford:Oxford University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,1 July. (Q10556)Full Citation

86.

Newton, George D and Franklin E Zimring.1969.‘Firearm Licensing: Permissive v Restrictive.’ Firearms & Violence in American Life: A staff report submitted to the National Commission on the Causes and Prevention of Violence.Washington, DC:US Government Printing Office,1 January. (Q22)Full Citation

87.

France.2013.‘Decree No. 2013-700 (Décret n° 2013-700).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10557)Full Citation

88.

France.2011.‘Defence Code (Code de la Défense).’ Defence Code (Code de la Défense).Paris:President of the French Republic,16 September. (Q5990)Full Citation

89.

France.2000.‘Article 1 - Arrêté du 15 novembre 2000 fixant les modalités de destruction par les armuriers des armes de 1re et de 4e catégorie et des armes de 5e et de 7e catégorie soumises à déclaration.’ Order of November 15, 2000, on Modalities for Destruction by Gunsmiths of Firearms of the 1st and 4th Categories and Firearms of the 5th and 7th Categories that are Subject to Notification [current to 2011 amendments].Paris:Minister of Interior and Minister of Defence of the French Republic,15 November. (Q5992)Full Citation

90.

France.2004.‘Article 5 - Ordinance on the Legislative Part of the Defence Code.’ Ordinance No 2004-1374 of December 20, 2004, on the Legislative Part of the Defence Code (Ordonnance No 2004-1374 du 20 décembre 2004 relative à la partie législative du code de la défense).Paris:President of the French Republic,20 December. (Q6011)Full Citation

91.

European Council.1991.‘European Weapons Directive.’ Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons (91/477/EEC) [current to 2008 amendments].Brussels:Council of the European Communities,18 June. (Q2403)Full Citation

92.

European Council.1991.‘Article 18.’ Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons (91/477/EEC) [current to 2008 amendments].Brussels:Council of the European Communities,18 June. (Q2418)Full Citation

93.

European Commission.2013.‘The Need for Action at EU Level - EU Firearms Laws.’ Communication from the Commission to the Council and the European Parliament.Brussels:Europa.eu,21 October. (Q8315)Full Citation

94.

UNGA.1969.‘Reciprocal Recognition of Proof Marks.’ Convention for the Reciprocal Recognition of Proof Marks on Small Arms of July 1, 1969.Brussels:United Nations General Assembly,1 July. (Q5999)Full Citation

95.

France.2011.‘Article L. 2332-3 - Manufacturers and Dealers (Entreprises de fabrication ou de commerce).’ Defence Code (Code de la Défense).Paris:President of the French Republic,16 September. (Q6002)Full Citation

96.

France.2013.‘Acquisition and Possession by Minors (Acquisition et détention par les mineurs).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10567)Full Citation

97.

France.2013.‘Competent Authority to Issue Authorisations (Autorité compétente pour délivrer des autorisations).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10629)Full Citation

98.

Sherman, Amy and Tom Ginsburg.2014.‘Gun Rights in National Constitutions.’ Marco Rubio Says Second Amendment Is Unique in Speech to NRA.Miami, FL:Miami Herald (PolitiFact Florida),29 April. (Q8507)Full Citation

99.

France.2013.‘Category A Weapons (Armes de catégorie A).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10560)Full Citation

100.

European Council.1991.‘Article 6.’ Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons (91/477/EEC) [current to 2008 amendments].Brussels:Council of the European Communities,18 June. (Q2410)Full Citation

101.

European Council.1991.‘Annex 1.’ Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons (91/477/EEC) [current to 2008 amendments].Brussels:Council of the European Communities,18 June. (Q2419)Full Citation

102.

France.2013.‘Category B Weapons (Armes de catégorie B).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10561)Full Citation

103.

France.2013.‘Authorisations for Film and Show Companies (Autorisations pour entreprises de films ou spectacles).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10637)Full Citation

104.

France.2013.‘Category C Weapons (Armes de catégorie C).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10562)Full Citation

105.

France.2013.‘Authorisation to Carry and to Transport (Autorisation de port et de transport).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10594)Full Citation

106.

European Council.1991.‘Article 7.’ Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons (91/477/EEC) [current to 2008 amendments].Brussels:Council of the European Communities,18 June. (Q2411)Full Citation

107.

European Council.1991.‘Article 8.’ Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons (91/477/EEC) [current to 2008 amendments].Brussels:Council of the European Communities,18 June. (Q2412)Full Citation

108.

France.2013.‘Authorised Handguns (Armes de poing autorisées).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10598)Full Citation

109.

France.2013.‘Category D Weapons (Armes de catégorie D).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10563)Full Citation

110.

France.2013.‘Condition for the Issuance of an Authorisation for Firearms of Category B (Conditions de délivrance de l'autorisation pour les armes de catégorie B).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10638)Full Citation

111.

France.2013.‘Necessary Documents (Documentation nécessaire).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10631)Full Citation

112.

France.2013.‘Firearms Declaration (Déclaration des armes à feu).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10569)Full Citation

113.

France.2013.‘Common Law on Purchases (Régime de droit commun d'acquisition).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10607)Full Citation

114.

France.2013.‘Authorisation to Purchase for a Resident of a Member State of the European Union (Autorisation d'acquérir pour un résident d'un Etat membre de l'Union européenne).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10608)Full Citation

115.

France.2013.‘Purchase by a Resident of another Member State (Acquisition par un résident d'un autre Etat membre).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10609)Full Citation

116.

France.2013.‘Purchase in another Member State (Acquisition dans un autre Etat membre).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10610)Full Citation

117.

France.2013.‘European Firearm Pass (Carte européenne d'arme à feu).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10611)Full Citation

118.

European Council.1991.‘Article 4a.’ Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons (91/477/EEC) [current to 2008 amendments].Brussels:Council of the European Communities,18 June. (Q2407)Full Citation

119.

France.2013.‘Authorisations for Companies (Autorisations pour entreprises).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10639)Full Citation

120.

France.2013.‘Authorisations for the Practice of Sports Shooting (Autorisations pour la pratique du tir sportif).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10640)Full Citation

121.

France.2013.‘Authorisations for Individuals Exposed to Risks (Autorisations pour personnes exposées aux risques).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10641)Full Citation

122.

France.2013.‘Purchase of Firearms of Categories C and D (Acquisition des armes de catégories C et D).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10648)Full Citation

123.

European Council.1991.‘Article 5.’ Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons (91/477/EEC) [current to 2008 amendments].Brussels:Council of the European Communities,18 June. (Q2409)Full Citation

124.

France.2013.‘Firearms Sale to Minors (Vente d'armes aux mineurs).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10587)Full Citation

125.

France.2013.‘Firearm Possession by Minors (Détention d'armes par mineurs).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10617)Full Citation

126.

France.2013.‘Specific Prohibitions (Interdictions spécifiques).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10620)Full Citation

127.

France.2013.‘Psychiatric Certificate (Certificat psychiatrique).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10565)Full Citation

128.

France.2013.‘Mental Records (Antécédents mentaux).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10566)Full Citation

129.

France.2013.‘Declaration - Health Certificate (Déclaration - certificat médical).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10570)Full Citation

130.

France.2011.‘Article L. 2336-3 - Purchase and Possession (Acquisition et détention).’ Defence Code (Code de la Défense).Paris:President of the French Republic,16 September. (Q5899)Full Citation

131.

France.2012.‘Article L. 2336-3 - Purchase and Possession (Acquisition et détention).’ Defence Code (Code de la Défense).Paris:President of the French Republic,2 April. (Q6126)Full Citation

132.

France.2013.‘Decree No. 2013-700 (Décret n° 2013-700).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10642)Full Citation

133.

France.2011.‘Defence Code (Code de la Défense).’ Defence Code (Code de la Défense).Paris:President of the French Republic,16 September. (Q6016)Full Citation

134.

France.2013.‘Validity of Authorisation (Durée de l'autorisation).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10635)Full Citation

135.

France.2013.‘Authorisation Requests - Authority (Demandes d'autorisations - Autorité compétente).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10630)Full Citation

136.

France.2013.‘Authorisation's Validity (Validité de l'autorisation).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10633)Full Citation

137.

France.2013.‘Renewal Request (Demande de renouvellement).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10636)Full Citation

138.

France.2013.‘Records (Fichiers).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10572)Full Citation

139.

France.2013.‘National File of Individuals Prohibited from Purchasing and Possessing Firearms (Fichier national des interdits d'acquisition et de détention d'armes).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10573)Full Citation

140.

France.2013.‘Limit on the Purchase of Ammunition (Limitation quant à l'acquisition de munitions).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10646)Full Citation

141.

France.2013.‘Ammunition per Firearm (Munitions par arme).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10647)Full Citation

142.

France.2013.‘Purchase and Possession of Magazines and Ammunition (Acquisition et détention des systèmes d'alimentation et des munitions).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10644)Full Citation

143.

European Council.1991.‘Article 10.’ Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons (91/477/EEC) [current to 2008 amendments].Brussels:Council of the European Communities,18 June. (Q2413)Full Citation

144.

France.2013.‘Shooting Booklet (Carnet de tir).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10643)Full Citation

145.

European Council.1991.‘Article 4.’ Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons (91/477/EEC) [current to 2008 amendments].Brussels:Council of the European Communities,18 June. (Q2406)Full Citation

146.

France.2013.‘Prefects in Charge of Special Registers (Préfets en charge des registres spéciaux).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10578)Full Citation

147.

France.2013.‘Obligations of a Dealer when Transferring Firearms and Ammunition (Obligations de l'armurier lors de la cession des armes et munitions).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10588)Full Citation

148.

France.2013.‘Gun Dealer Record Keeping (Tenue d'un registre par les commerçants d'armes à feu).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10589)Full Citation

149.

France.2010.‘Stockpile Management and Securing (Gestion et Sécurisation des Stocks).’ National Report of France on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of France to the United Nations,1 May. (Q4788)Full Citation

150.

France.2013.‘Ownership Transfer of a Firearm by an Individual (Transfert de propriété d'une arme par un particulier).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10632)Full Citation

151.

France.2013.‘Purchase of Ammunition for Firearms of Category B (Acquisition de munitions des armes de catégorie B).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10645)Full Citation

152.

France.2013.‘Purchase of Firearms and Presentation of Documents (Acquisition d'armes et présentation de documents).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10649)Full Citation

153.

France.2013.‘Transfer of Ownership Between Individuals (Transfert de propriété entre particuliers).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10650)Full Citation

154.

France.2013.‘Transfer of Firearms of Categories B and C (Transfer d'armes de catégorie B et C).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10652)Full Citation

155.

France.2013.‘Authorisation to Open a Retail Store (Autorisation d'ouverture du commerce de détail).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10584)Full Citation

156.

France.2013.‘List of Retail Stores (Liste des commerces de détail).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10585)Full Citation

157.

France.2013.‘Delay for the Firearm's Purchase (Délai pour l'acquisition de l'arme).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10634)Full Citation

158.

European Council.1991.‘Article 4.’ Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons (91/477/EEC) [current to 2008 amendments].Brussels:Council of the European Communities,18 June. (Q2405)Full Citation

159.

France.2013.‘Fixed and Permanent Premises and Retail Trade (Local fixe et permanent et commerce au détail).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10583)Full Citation

160.

France.2013.‘Storage (Conservation).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10651)Full Citation

161.

France.2013.‘Storage - Sports Shooting (Conservation - Tir sportif).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10592)Full Citation

162.

France.2013.‘Storage - Shooting Gallery (Conservation - Tir forain).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10593)Full Citation

163.

France.2013.‘Storage - Shows (Conservation - Spectacles).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10590)Full Citation

164.

France.2013.‘Security Measures (Mesures de sécurité).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10582)Full Citation

165.

France.2013.‘Storage - Public Authorities, Museums, and Collections (Conservation - Collectivités publiques, musées et collections).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10591)Full Citation

166.

France.2010.‘Stockpile Management and Security (Gestion et sécurisation des stocks).’ National Report of France on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of France to the United Nations,1 May. (Q5834)Full Citation

167.

France.2010.‘Stockpile Management and Security (Gestion et sécurisation des stocks).’ National Report of France on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of France to the United Nations,1 May. (Q5835)Full Citation

168.

France.2010.‘Collection and Disposal (Collecte et élimination).’ National Report of France on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of France to the United Nations,1 May. (Q5838)Full Citation

169.

France.2013.‘Security of Shipments and Transports of Firearms (Sécurité des expéditions et des transports des armes).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10599)Full Citation

170.

France.2013.‘Shipments of Firearms (Expéditions des armes).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10600)Full Citation

171.

France.2013.‘Postal Shipments of Firearms (Expéditions d'armes par voie postale).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10602)Full Citation

172.

France.2013.‘Firearm Shipments by Rail, Air or Sea (Expéditions d'armes par voie ferré, aérienne ou maritime).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10603)Full Citation

173.

France.2013.‘Firearm Transport by Road (Expéditions d'armes par voie routière).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10604)Full Citation

174.

France.2013.‘Responsibilities of Transport Companies (Responsabilité des companies de transport).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10605)Full Citation

175.

France.2013.‘Marking (Marquage).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10558)Full Citation

176.

France.2013.‘Marking - Alphanumerical Code (Marquage - code alphanumérique).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10564)Full Citation

177.

France.2011.‘Marking (Marquage).’ National Report of France on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of France to the United Nations,11 April. (Q4589)Full Citation

178.

France.2010.‘Marking, Record Keeping and Tracing (Marquage, enregistrement et traçage des armes).’ National Report of France on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of France to the United Nations,1 May. (Q5847)Full Citation

179.

European Council.1991.‘Article 4.’ Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons (91/477/EEC) [current to 2008 amendments].Brussels:Council of the European Communities,18 June. (Q2404)Full Citation

180.

France.2011.‘Measures Taken for Tracing and to Address Tracing Requests (Mesures Prises pour Tracer et Répondre aux Demandes de Traçage).’ National Report of France on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of France to the United Nations,11 April. (Q4781)Full Citation

181.

France.2013.‘Carrying and Transport - Special Regime (Port et transport - régime particulier).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10596)Full Citation

182.

France.2013.‘Carrying and Transport - Special Regime for Foreigners (Port et transport - Régime particulier pour les étrangers).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10597)Full Citation

183.

France.2013.‘Carrying and Transport - Personnel of Security Companies (Port et transport - personnels des entreprises de sécurité).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10595)Full Citation

184.

France.2011.‘Article L. 2338-1 - Carrying, Transport and Use (Port, transport et usage).’ Defence Code (Code de la Défense).Paris:President of the French Republic,16 September. (Q6006)Full Citation

185.

France.2012.‘Article L. 2338-1 - Carrying, Transport and Use (Port, transport et usage).’ Defence Code (Code de la Défense).Paris:President of the French Republic,2 April. (Q6129)Full Citation

186.

GunPolicy.org. 2015. ‘Penalty for Unlawful Firearm Possession.’ Definition and Selection Criteria.
Sydney School of Public Health, 23 January.
(G93) Full Citation

187.

France.2013.‘Purchase and Possession by a Minor - Penalty (Acquisition et détention par un mineur - Dispositions pénales).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10653)Full Citation

188.

France.2013.‘Retail Trade - Penalty (Commerce de détail - Dispositions pénales).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10625)Full Citation

189.

France.2013.‘Transfer of Firearms - Penalty (Transfert d'armes à feu - Dispositions pénales).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10654)Full Citation

190.

France.2013.‘Storage - Penalty (Conservation - Dispositions pénales).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10626)Full Citation

191.

France.2013.‘Carrying, Transport, and Shipment - Penalty (Port, transport et expédition - Dispositions pénales).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10628)Full Citation

192.

France.2013.‘Limit on the Number of Firearms - Penalty (Limite du nombre d'armes à feu - Dispositions pénales).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10655)Full Citation

193.

France.2013.‘Magazines - Penalty (Systèmes d'alimentation - Dispositions pénales).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10656)Full Citation

194.

France.2013.‘Possession of Ammunition - Penalty (Détention de munitions - Dispositions pénales).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10657)Full Citation

195.

France.2013.‘Possession of Ammunition of Categories C and D - Penalty (Détention de munitions de catégorie C et D - Dispositions pénales).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10658)Full Citation

196.

France.2013.‘Additional Penalties (Peines complémentaires).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10659)Full Citation

197.

France.2012.‘Penalties - Articles L. 2339-2 and 2339-3.’ Defence Code, as Amended by the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:President of the French Republic,6 March. (Q6008)Full Citation

198.

France.2011.‘Article L. 2339-5 - Criminal Provisions (Dispositions pénales).’ Defence Code (Code de la Défense).Paris:President of the French Republic,16 September. (Q5980)Full Citation

199.

France.2012.‘Article L. 2339-5 - Criminal Provisions (Dispositions pénales).’ Defence Code (Code de la Défense).Paris:President of the French Republic,30 March. (Q6117)Full Citation

200.

France.2012.‘Article L. 2339-5-1 - Criminal Provisions (Dispositions pénales).’ Defence Code (Code de la Défense).Paris:President of the French Republic,30 March. (Q6118)Full Citation

201.

France.2012.‘Article L. 2339-9 - Criminal Provisions (Dispositions pénales).’ Defence Code (Code de la Défense).Paris:President of the French Republic,30 March. (Q6119)Full Citation

202.

France.2012.‘Article L. 2339-19 - Additional Penalties (Peines complémentaires).’ Defence Code (Code de la Défense).Paris:President of the French Republic,2 April. (Q6120)Full Citation

203.

France.2012.‘Article L. 2339-10 - Import Penalties (Sanctions pénales des importations).’ Defence Code (Code de la Défense).Paris:President of the French Republic,2 April. (Q6130)Full Citation

204.

France.2011.‘Marking (Marquage).’ National Report of France on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of France to the United Nations,11 April. (Q5786)Full Citation

205.

Karp, Aaron, Nicholas Marsh and Giorgio Ravagli.2015.‘Number of Firearms Reported Seized by Police, 2010-2013.’ UNODC Study on Firearms 2015.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC),3 July. (Q10542)Full Citation

206.

France.2010.‘Collection and Disposal (Collecte et élimination).’ National Report of France on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of France to the United Nations,1 May. (Q5839)Full Citation

207.

France.2013.‘Seized Firearms (Armes à feu saisies).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10571)Full Citation

208.

France.2001.‘Article 2 - Arrêté du 31 juillet 2001 relatif à la destination des matériels de guerre, armes, éléments d'armes, munitions, éléments de munitions et autres produits explosifs appartenant à l'Etat.’ Order of July 31, 2001, on the Destination of Weapons of War, Firearms, Components of Firearms, Ammunition, Components of Ammunition, and Other Explosive Products Belonging to the State.Paris:Ministers of the French Republic,31 July. (Q6017)Full Citation

209.

France.2001.‘Article 3 - Arrêté du 31 juillet 2001 relatif à la destination des matériels de guerre, armes, éléments d'armes, munitions, éléments de munitions et autres produits explosifs appartenant à l'Etat.’ Order of July 31, 2001, on the Destination of Weapons of War, Firearms, Components of Firearms, Ammunition, Components of Ammunition, and Other Explosive Products Belonging to the State.Paris:Ministers of the French Republic,31 July. (Q6018)Full Citation

210.

France.2001.‘Article 4 - Arrêté du 31 juillet 2001 relatif à la destination des matériels de guerre, armes, éléments d'armes, munitions, éléments de munitions et autres produits explosifs appartenant à l'Etat.’ Order of July 31, 2001, on the Destination of Weapons of War, Firearms, Components of Firearms, Ammunition, Components of Ammunition, and Other Explosive Products Belonging to the State.Paris:Ministers of the French Republic,31 July. (Q6019)Full Citation

211.

France.2001.‘Article 5 - Arrêté du 31 juillet 2001 relatif à la destination des matériels de guerre, armes, éléments d'armes, munitions, éléments de munitions et autres produits explosifs appartenant à l'Etat.’ Order of July 31, 2001, on the Destination of Weapons of War, Firearms, Components of Firearms, Ammunition, Components of Ammunition, and Other Explosive Products Belonging to the State.Paris:Ministers of the French Republic,31 July. (Q6020)Full Citation

212.

France.2001.‘Article 6 - Arrêté du 31 juillet 2001 relatif à la destination des matériels de guerre, armes, éléments d'armes, munitions, éléments de munitions et autres produits explosifs appartenant à l'Etat.’ Order of July 31, 2001, on the Destination of Weapons of War, Firearms, Components of Firearms, Ammunition, Components of Ammunition, and Other Explosive Products Belonging to the State.Paris:Ministers of the French Republic,31 July. (Q6021)Full Citation

213.

France.2001.‘Article 7 - Arrêté du 31 juillet 2001 relatif à la destination des matériels de guerre, armes, éléments d'armes, munitions, éléments de munitions et autres produits explosifs appartenant à l'Etat.’ Order of July 31, 2001, on the Destination of Weapons of War, Firearms, Components of Firearms, Ammunition, Components of Ammunition, and Other Explosive Products Belonging to the State.Paris:Ministers of the French Republic,31 July. (Q6022)Full Citation

214.

France.2001.‘Article 8 - Arrêté du 31 juillet 2001 relatif à la destination des matériels de guerre, armes, éléments d'armes, munitions, éléments de munitions et autres produits explosifs appartenant à l'Etat.’ Order of July 31, 2001, on the Destination of Weapons of War, Firearms, Components of Firearms, Ammunition, Components of Ammunition, and Other Explosive Products Belonging to the State.Paris:Ministers of the French Republic,31 July. (Q6023)Full Citation

215.

France.2000.‘Article 2 - Arrêté du 15 novembre 2000 fixant les modalités de destruction par les armuriers des armes de 1re et de 4e catégorie et des armes de 5e et de 7e catégorie soumises à déclaration.’ Order of November 15, 2000, on Modalities for Destruction by Gunsmiths of Firearms of the 1st and 4th Categories and Firearms of the 5th and 7th Categories that are Subject to Notification [current to 2011 amendments].Paris:Minister of Interior and Minister of Defence of the French Republic,15 November. (Q5993)Full Citation

216.

France.2000.‘Article 3 - Arrêté du 15 novembre 2000 fixant les modalités de destruction par les armuriers des armes de 1re et de 4e catégorie et des armes de 5e et de 7e catégorie soumises à déclaration.’ Order of November 15, 2000, on Modalities for Destruction by Gunsmiths of Firearms of the 1st and 4th Categories and Firearms of the 5th and 7th Categories that are Subject to Notification [current to 2011 amendments].Paris:Minister of Interior and Minister of Defence of the French Republic,15 November. (Q5994)Full Citation

217.

France.2000.‘Article 4 - Arrêté du 15 novembre 2000 fixant les modalités de destruction par les armuriers des armes de 1re et de 4e catégorie et des armes de 5e et de 7e catégorie soumises à déclaration.’ Order of November 15, 2000, on Modalities for Destruction by Gunsmiths of Firearms of the 1st and 4th Categories and Firearms of the 5th and 7th Categories that are Subject to Notification [current to 2011 amendments].Paris:Minister of Interior and Minister of Defence of the French Republic,15 November. (Q5995)Full Citation

218.

France.2010.‘Collection and Disposal (Collecte et élimination).’ National Report of France on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of France to the United Nations,1 May. (Q5836)Full Citation

219.

European Parliament.2007.‘Roll-call Vote: EU Firearms Directive.’ Legislative Resolution on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons.Brussels:VoteWatch.eu,29 November. (Q1346)Full Citation

220.

EU Parliament.2007.‘Draft Legislative Resolution on the EU Parliament Firearms Directive 2007.’ Report on the proposal for a directive of the European Parliament and of the Council amending Council Directive 91/477/EEC on control of the acquisition and possession of weapons.Brussels:European Parliament,12 July. (Q1970)Full Citation

221.

Saferworld.2010.‘EU Arms Transfer Reporting Database.’ Saferworld European Union Arms Transfer Reporting Database.London:Saferworld,9 December. (Q3364)Full Citation

222.

GDAV.2006.‘Geneva Declaration.’ Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development.Geneva:Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development Secretariat,7 June. (Q7162)Full Citation

223.

UNODA.2013.‘Towards Entry Into Force.’ Arms Trade Treaty.New York, NY:United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,2 April. (Q7226)Full Citation

224.

UNGA.2001.‘United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition.’ UN General Assembly Resolution 55/255.New York, NY:UN General Assembly,31 May. (Q17)Full Citation

225.

UNGA.2001.‘Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects.’ United Nations General Assembly.New York, NY:UN General Assembly,20 July. (Q18)Full Citation

226.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘Findings - Table 3: Reporting States by Rank and Score.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,1 August. (Q8752)Full Citation

227.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘What do the PoAIM Scores Represent? How Should the PoAIM Scores Be Interpreted?.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,1 August. (Q8753)Full Citation

228.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘Point Allocation System.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,1 August. (Q8754)Full Citation

229.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘Introduction.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,1 August. (Q8755)Full Citation

230.

Cattaneo, Silvia and Sarah Parker.2008.‘Reporting, NPCs and NCAs, 2002 to 2008.’ Implementing the United Nations Programme of Action on Small Arms and Light Weapons: Analysis of the National Reports submitted by States from 2002 to 2008.Geneva:United Nations Development Programme,1 November. (Q20)Full Citation

231.

UNODA.2009.‘PoA-ISS Country Profiles.’ UN small arms Programme of Action (UNPoA) - Implementation Support System.New York, NY:United Nations Office of Disarmament Affairs,29 October. (Q1309)Full Citation

232.

IANSA.2006.‘Reviewing Action on Small Arms 2006: Assessing the first five years of the UN Programme of Action.’ Biting the Bullet 'Red Book' 2006.New York, NY:International Action Network on Small Arms and the Biting the Bullet project,26 June. (Q166)Full Citation

233.

UNODA.2011.‘National Reports on Small Arms Exports.’ United Nations Register of Conventional Arms - The Global Reported Arms Trade.New York, NY:United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,21 October. (Q14)Full Citation

234.

UN.2013.‘Member States of the United Nations.’ UN.org Web Site.New York, NY:United Nations General Assembly,7 April. (Q290)Full Citation

235.

Wassenaar Arrangement.1996.‘Introduction: Participating States.’ Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies.Vienna:Wassenaar Secretariat,12 July. (Q19)Full Citation