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France — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in France is 19,000,0001 2 3

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) in France is 31.21 firearms per 100 people

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, France ranked at No. 54

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, France ranked at No. 121

Proportion of Households with Firearms

ChartIn France, the percentage of households with one or more guns is reported to be

2004/05: 16.1%5
1999/2003: 18.2%
1995/98: 22.6%
1989: 25.3%

Proportion of Households with Handguns

ChartIn France, the percentage of households with one or more handguns is reported to be

2004/05: 3.7%5
1999/2003: 2.8%
1995/98: 4.9%
1989: 5.9%

Number of Registered Firearms

The number of registered guns in France is reported to be 2,802,0571 2 3

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

The rate of registered guns per 100 people in France is 4.446

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of France are reported to have 1,300,0007 8 firearms

Routine Arming of Police

In France, police officers on routine patrol carry one or more firearms9 10 11

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in France are reported to have 217,74712 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn France, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2012: 1,85613 14 15 16
2011: 1,781
2010: 1,731
2009: 1,86113 14 15 16 17
2008: 1,95213 14 15 16
2007: 1,829
2006: 2,039
2005: 2,095
2004: 2,054
2003: 2,203
2002: 2,218
2001: 2,331
2000: 2,465
1999: 2,28418 19 20
1998: 2,96418 19 20 21
1997: 2,85618 19 20

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2012: 2.836
2011: 2.73
2010: 2.67
2009: 2.886 17
2008: 3.046
2007: 2.86
2006: 3.21
2005: 3.32
2004: 3.28
2003: 3.54
2002: 3.58
2001: 3.78
2000: 4.02
1999: 3.75
1998: 4.89
1997: 4.73

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn France, annual homicides by any means total

2012: 39113 22 23
2011: 38113 22 23 24
2010: 399
2009: 472
2008: 441
2007: 368
2006: 413
2005: 430
2004: 458
2003: 449
2002: 481
2001: 486
2000: 495
1999: 95322 24 25
1998: 961
1997: 963
1996: 1,171
1995: 1,33624 25

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn France, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.613 22 23
2011: 0.613 22 23 24
2010: 0.6
2009: 0.8
2008: 0.7
2007: 0.6
2006: 0.7
2005: 0.7
2004: 0.8
2003: 0.7
2002: 0.8
2001: 0.8
2000: 0.8
1999: 1.622 24
1998: 1.6
1997: 1.7
1996: 2.0
1995: 2.324
1994: 1.1226

Gun Homicides

ChartIn France, annual firearm homicides total

2012: 14013
2011: 141
2010: 12513 18
2009: 134
2008: 142
2007: 9613 18 24
2006: 11113 18
2005: 122
2004: 129
2003: 122
2002: 158
2001: 160
2000: 152
1999: 15518
1998: 170
1997: 214

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.216
2011: 0.22
2010: 0.196 18
2009: 0.21
2008: 0.22
2007: 0.156 18 24
2006: 0.176 18
2005: 0.19
2004: 0.21
2003: 0.20
2002: 0.25
2001: 0.26
2000: 0.25
1999: 0.2618
1998: 0.29
1997: 0.37
1994: 0.4427

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

In France, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2007: 9.6%24

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn France, annual handgun homicides total

2012: 013
2011: 1
2010: 113 18
2009: 013
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 113 18
2004: 013
2003: 213 18
2002: 013
2001: 113 18
2000: 2

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.013
2011: 0.0
2010: 0.013 18
2009: 0.013
2008: 0.0
2007: 0.0
2006: 0.0
2005: 0.013 18
2004: 0.013
2003: 0.0 13 18
2002: 0.013
2001: 0.013 18
2000: 0.0

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn France, annual long gun homicides total

2012: 1213
2011: 11
2010: 613 18
2009: 6
2008: 7
2007: 5
2006: 5
2005: 9
2004: 7
2003: 11
2002: 11
2001: 9
2000: 11

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.013
2011: 0.0
2010: 0.0118 13
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.02
2002: 0.02
2001: 0.02
2000: 0.02

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn France, annual gun homicides (other) total

2012: 12813
2011: 129
2010: 11813 18
2009: 128
2008: 135
2007: 91
2006: 106
2005: 112
2004: 122
2003: 109
2002: 147
2001: 150
2000: 139

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.213
2011: 0.2
2010: 0.1918 13
2009: 0.20
2008: 0.22
2007: 0.15
2006: 0.17
2005: 0.19
2004: 0.21
2003: 0.18
2002: 0.24
2001: 0.26
2000: 0.24

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn France, annual suicides by any means total

2012: 9,69514
2011: 10,359
2010: 10,334
2009: 10,46414 28
2008: 10,31614
2007: 10,088
2006: 10,39014 28
2005: 10,67314
2004: 10,762
2003: 10,820
2002: 10,607
2001: 10,408
2000: 10,806
1998: 10,53421

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn France, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2012: 15.314
2011: 16.4
2010: 16.4
2009: 16.714 28
2008: 16.614
2007: 16.3
2006: 16.914 28
2005: 17.414
2004: 17.7
2003: 17.9
2002: 17.7
2001: 17.5
2000: 18.3
1998: 17.5121
1994: 20.7929

Gun Suicides

ChartIn France, annual firearm suicides total

2012: 1,42014
2011: 1,395
2010: 1,37714 19
2009: 1,445
2008: 1,546
2007: 1,403
2006: 1,576
2005: 1,644
2004: 1,601
2003: 1,738
2002: 1,712
2001: 1,883
2000: 2,051
1999: 2,02919
1998: 2,386
1997: 2,556

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2012: 2.166
2011: 2.14
2010: 2.126 19
2009: 2.24
2008: 2.41
2007: 2.20
2006: 2.48
2005: 2.61
2004: 2.55
2003: 2.79
2002: 2.76
2001: 3.06
2000: 3.35
1999: 3.4619
1998: 4.05
1997: 4.36
1994: 5.1430

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn France, annual handgun suicides total

2012: 1614
2011: 16
2010: 1114 19
2009: 16
2008: 16
2007: 12
2006: 13
2005: 17
2004: 10
2003: 8
2002: 14
2001: 16
2000: 21

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.014
2011: 0.0
2010: 0.0219 14
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.03
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.02
2005: 0.03
2004: 0.02
2003: 0.02
2002: 0.02
2001: 0.03
2000: 0.04

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn France, the number of long gun suicides is

2012: 15914
2011: 130
2010: 11314 19
2009: 97
2008: 95
2007: 108
2006: 111
2005: 124
2004: 116
2003: 153
2002: 150
2001: 161
2000: 203

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.314
2011: 0.2
2010: 0.1819 14
2009: 0.16
2008: 0.15
2007: 0.17
2006: 0.18
2005: 0.21
2004: 0.19
2003: 0.25
2002: 0.25
2001: 0.27
2000: 0.34

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn France, annual gun suicides (other) total

2012: 1,24514
2011: 1,249
2010: 1,25314 19
2009: 1,332
2008: 1,435
2007: 1,283
2006: 1,452
2005: 1,503
2004: 1,475
2003: 1,577
2002: 1,548
2001: 1,706
2000: 1,827

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2012: 2.014
2011: 2.0
2010: 1.9919 14
2009: 2.15
2008: 2.31
2007: 2.08
2006: 2.36
2005: 2.48
2004: 2.44
2003: 2.63
2002: 2.60
2001: 2.89
2000: 3.11

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn France, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2012: 2415
2011: 70
2010: 3215 20
2009: 29
2008: 39
2007: 32
2006: 53
2005: 36
2004: 19
2003: 26
2002: 19
2001: 33
2000: 44
1999: 10020
1998: 68
1997: 86

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.046
2011: 0.11
2010: 0.056 20
2009: 0.04
2008: 0.06
2007: 0.05
2006: 0.08
2005: 0.06
2004: 0.03
2003: 0.04
2002: 0.03
2001: 0.05
2000: 0.07
1999: 0.1720
1998: 0.12
1997: 0.15
1994: 0.1131

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn France, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2012: 915
2011: 15
2010: 815 20
2009: 12
2008: 13
2007: 8
2006: 13
2005: 20
2004: 8
2003: 23
2002: 13
2001: 25
2000: 26

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.015
2011: 0.0
2010: 0.0120 15
2009: 0.02
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.02
2005: 0.03
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.04
2002: 0.02
2001: 0.04
2000: 0.04

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn France, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2012: 1515
2011: 55
2010: 2415 20
2009: 17
2008: 26
2007: 24
2006: 40
2005: 16
2004: 11
2003: 3
2002: 6
2001: 8
2000: 18

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.015
2011: 0.1
2010: 0.0420 15
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.04
2007: 0.04
2006: 0.06
2005: 0.03
2004: 0.02
2003: 0.00
2002: 0.01
2001: 0.01
2000: 0.03

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn France, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2012: 27216
2011: 175
2010: 19716 32
2009: 253
2008: 225
2007: 298
2006: 299
2005: 293
2004: 305
2003: 317
2002: 329
2001: 255
2000: 218
1998: 34021

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.416
2011: 0.27
2010: 0.306 32
2009: 0.39
2008: 0.35
2007: 0.47
2006: 0.47
2005: 0.46
2004: 0.49
2003: 0.51
2002: 0.53
2001: 0.41
2000: 0.36
1998: 0.5721
1994: 0.6533

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn France, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2012: 116
2011: 1
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 316 32
2006: 016
2005: 0
2004: 0
2003: 116 32
2002: 5
2001: 1
2000: 3

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.016
2011: 0.0
2010: 0.0
2009: 0.0
2008: 0.0
2007: 0.0032 16
2006: 0.016
2005: 0.0
2004: 0.0
2003: 0.0032 16
2002: 0.01
2001: 0.00
2000: 0.01

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn France, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2012: 2416
2011: 14
2010: 1816 32
2009: 23
2008: 10
2007: 29
2006: 28
2005: 28
2004: 32
2003: 33
2002: 33
2001: 27
2000: 19

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.016
2011: 0.0
2010: 0.0332 16
2009: 0.04
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.05
2006: 0.05
2005: 0.05
2004: 0.05
2003: 0.05
2002: 0.06
2001: 0.05
2000: 0.03

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn France, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2012: 24716
2011: 160
2010: 17916 32
2009: 230
2008: 215
2007: 266
2006: 271
2005: 265
2004: 273
2003: 337
2002: 291
2001: 227
2000: 196

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.416
2011: 0.3
2010: 0.2832 16
2009: 0.37
2008: 0.35
2007: 0.43
2006: 0.44
2005: 0.43
2004: 0.46
2003: 0.56
2002: 0.49
2001: 0.39
2000: 0.35

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In France, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, France was ranked 'medium'46

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Regulation of Firearm Exports

In France, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from France is reported by Customs to be US$71,435,16370 (2011)71 72 73

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, France was categorized as 'major'74 75 76

Regulation of Firearm Imports

In France, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law 77 55 56 78 79 80 58 62 63 64 65 66 67

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to France is reported by Customs to be US$139,034,02770 (2011)81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in France is moderate89 90 91

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In France, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law34 36 92 93 94 95 96 97

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in France include47 49 98 51 99 100 59 62 101 60 61 80 63 65 67 102 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

ChartIn its annual Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer, the Small Arms Survey compares public reporting among major arms exporting nations on a scale from strong to weak (25 to zero). In recent years, France scored

2014: 15.00103
2013: 14.25104
2012: 14.00105
2011: 14.00106
2010: 14.50107
2009: 14.75108
2008: 14.00109
2007: 13.75110
2006: 17.25111
2005: 12.00112
2004: 14.25113

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in France is categorised as restrictive114

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in France includes the Internal Security Code,115 116 the Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons,117 the Defence Code,118 115 the Order of 2007 on the Creation of the Application for the Management of the Computerized Register of Owners and Holders of Firearms,119 the Decree on Exports of Firearms of 2014,120 the Order of November 15, 2000 on Modalities for Destruction by Gunsmiths of Firearms,121 the Ordinance 2004-1374 of 20 December 2004 concerning the legislative part of the Defence Code that repealed the Decree-Law of 18 April, 1939 on Weapons of War, Firearms and Ammunition,122 the Council Directive of 18 June, 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons,123 124 the European Union Firearms Regulation of 2012, the Common Position on the Control of Arms Brokering of 2003125 and the Convention of 1 July, 1969 on Reciprocal Recognition of Proofmarks on Small Arms126

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in France are regulated by the Ministers of Defence,127 Interior, Industry, Customs,41 and Sports,128 the Prefect,129 National Police, National Gendarmerie,36 and the European Commission124

Right to Possess Firearms

In France, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law130 131

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In France, civilians are not allowed to possess weapons of war, certain handguns and long guns, automatic firearms, firearms disguised as other objects, and armour-piercing, incendiary and expanding ammunition132 133 134 135 136

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In France, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited133 137 138 135 136

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In France, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted under licence137 139 140 141 136

Regulation of Handguns

In France, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is prohibited with only narrow exemptions133 137 142 135 140 141 136

Law Regulates Long Guns

In France, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law133 137 139 143 140 141 136

Gun Ownership and Possession

In France, only licensed gun owners (for certain arms)144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 79 156 135 140 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in France are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, target shooting, personal protection, security and collection157 158 159 160 161 99 162

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in France is 18 years (except for sports shooters between 12 and 18 years old)116 159 128 163 162

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in France must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental health and health144 164 165 160 166 167 168 145 35 162 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In France, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required169 170

Partner to be Advised or Interviewed

In France, licensing authorities are not required169 170 to conduct interviews with, or to advise an applicant's spouse, partner, or next of kin before issuing a gun licence

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in France does not stipulate169 170 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In France, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required, only for persons exposed to serious risks due to their professional activity,160 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In France, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every five years171 172 173 174 175 151

Licensing Records

In France, authorities maintain a record119 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 94 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in France are permitted to possess a limited number of firearms183 159 158

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in France are permitted to possess a limited quantity of ammunition183 184 185 186 187 188

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In France, the law requires119 176 177 178 189 190 94 191 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In France, licensed firearm dealers are required92 40 192 193 194 94 191 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In France, licensed gun makers are required92 40 193 194 94 45 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In France, State agencies are required195 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In France, the private sale and transfer of firearms is permitted190 196 197 189 198 199 148 149 200 201 141

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In France, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful37 38 36 39 40 202 174 203 148 149 187 204 181 34 35 201 205 141

Background Checks for Dealer Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm from a licensed gun dealer in France is obliged206 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Number of Licensed Gun Dealers

The number of licensed firearm dealers in France is reported to be 360206

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In France, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined169 170

Regulation of Gun Shows

In France, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are regulated207 208 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in France include44 209 210 211 212 165 160 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in France include44 42 207 165 160 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in France include44 195 213 214 215 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in France include216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In France, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law224 225 43 126 226 45 227 228 229 230

Firearm Tracing

In France, state authorities carry out119 231 229 230 191 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In France, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law232 233 234 235 236 237 238 142

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In France, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm239 is three years in prison and a fine240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in France are known to have91 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn France, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2014: 5,8712 260
2013: 825261
2012: 6,965262 261
2011: 26,591262 263 261
2010: 33,554263
2009: 32,762

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn France, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2012: 12,532264
2011: 41,105265
2010: 63,017
2009: 68,608
1998/2000: 140,000266

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In France, it is not state policy267 268 269 270 164 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

European Union

As a member of the European Union, France is bound by the provisions of the ‘EU Firearms Directive’ – the 2007 Legislative Resolution on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons of the European Parliament281 282

European Union Export Reporting

Under the European Union Common Position on Arms Exports, France is bound to declare its transfers of military technology and equipment. Independent monitoring provides detailed comparisons of arms export reporting compliance across EU member states, and records that France has submitted one or more national reports283 on its arms transfers

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 2006284 by France.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified285 by France

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has not been signed286 by France

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, France committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects287

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored France against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 57288 289 290 291 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, France has submitted one or more national reports292 293 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In France, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated294 293

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In France, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has not been designated293 294

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of France submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent293

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been donated293 by France to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, France has declared295 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, France has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1945296

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies lists297 France as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in France, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where France ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


Short References

1.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms - Annexe online.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q5)Full Citation

2.

Maxime Bourdier. 2015. ‘Plan Against Gun Trafficking: Figures to Know About Firearms in France.’ Huffington Post (France). 13 November. (N455) Full Citation

3.

France TV Info. 2016. ‘Terrorist Attacks in France: Which Arms Were Used?.’ 24 March. (N475) Full Citation

4.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q4)Full Citation

5.

van Dijk, Jan, John van Kesteren and Paul Smit.2007.‘Ownership of Firearms and Handguns in Countries and Main Cities (percentages): 1989-2005 ICVS and 2005 EU ICS.’ Criminal Victimisation in International Perspective: Key findings from the 2004-2005 ICVS and EU ICS.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime / UNODC,1 January. (Q11800)Full Citation

6.

GunPolicy.org.2015.‘Calculated Rates - France.’ Historical Population Data - USCB International Data Base.Suitland, MD:US Census Bureau Population Division,21 September. (Q4236)Full Citation

7.

Karp, Aaron.2013.‘Table 4: Twenty Largest Military Small Arms Inventories.’ Armed Actors - Data Sources and the Estimation of Military-Owned Small Arms.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 September. (Q8186)Full Citation

8.

Karp, Aaron.2006.‘Trickle and Torrent: State stockpiles.’ Small Arms Survey 2006: Unfinished Business.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q6)Full Citation

9.

Daniel Roucous. 2015. ‘Le port d'armes des policiers municipaux.’ L'Humanité (France). 5 May. (N385) Full Citation

10.

Edouard de Mareschal. 2015. ‘Pourquoi les policiers municipaux ne sont pas systématiquement armés.’ Le Figaro (France). 16 January. (N384) Full Citation

11.

France.2012.‘Article L. 315-2 - Carrying (Militaries of the National Gendarmerie).’ Internal Security Code - Legislative Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie législative).Paris:President of the French Republic,12 March. (Q10781)Full Citation

12.

Karp, Aaron.2006.‘Trickle and Torrent: State stockpiles.’ Small Arms Survey 2006: Unfinished Business.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q7)Full Citation

13.

CépiDc, INSERM.2015.‘Homicides (2000-2012).’ Epidemiology Centre on the medical causes of death (Centre d'épidémiologie sur les causes médicales de décès - CépiDc).Kremlin-Bicêtre:Institut national de la santé et de la recherche médicale (INSERM),14 September. (Q10817)Full Citation

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CépiDc, INSERM.2015.‘Suicides (2000-2012).’ Epidemiology Centre on the medical causes of death (Centre d'épidémiologie sur les causes médicales de décès - CépiDc).Kremlin-Bicêtre:Institut national de la santé et de la recherche médicale (INSERM),15 September. (Q10816)Full Citation

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CépiDc, INSERM.2015.‘Unintentional Gun Deaths (2000-2012).’ Epidemiology Centre on the medical causes of death (Centre d'épidémiologie sur les causes médicales de décès - CépiDc).Kremlin-Bicêtre:Institut national de la santé et de la recherche médicale (INSERM),15 September. (Q10818)Full Citation

16.

CépiDc, INSERM.2015.‘Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause (2000-2012).’ Epidemiology Centre on the medical causes of death (Centre d'épidémiologie sur les causes médicales de décès - CépiDc).Kremlin-Bicêtre:Institut national de la santé et de la recherche médicale (INSERM),15 September. (Q10819)Full Citation

17.

WHO.2011.‘Inter-country Comparison of Mortality for Selected Cause of Death - Total Firearm Death.’ European Detailed Mortality Database (DMDB).Copenhagen:World Health Organisation Regional Office for Europe,15 September. (Q5684)Full Citation

18.

WHO.2014.‘Inter-country Comparison of Mortality for Selected Cause of Death - Gun Homicide in France.’ European Detailed Mortality Database (DMDB).Copenhagen:World Health Organisation Regional Office for Europe,19 June. (Q6073)Full Citation

19.

WHO.2014.‘Inter-country Comparison of Mortality for Selected Cause of Death - Gun Suicide in France.’ European Detailed Mortality Database (DMDB).Copenhagen:World Health Organisation Regional Office for Europe,19 June. (Q6143)Full Citation

20.

WHO.2014.‘Inter-country Comparison of Mortality for Selected Cause of Death - Unintentional Gun Deaths in France.’ European Detailed Mortality Database (DMDB).Copenhagen:World Health Organisation Regional Office for Europe,19 June. (Q6183)Full Citation

21.

Jackson, Thomas.2005.‘Global Gun Deaths.’ NISAT Firearm Mortality Database 2005.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,1 January. (Q12)Full Citation

22.

INHESJ/ONDRP.2014.‘Number of Recorded Homicides in Metropolitan France (1996 - 2013).’ Les faits constatés d'homicides « hors tentative » enregistrés par la police et la gendarmerie (1996 à 2013) [Facts Found on Homicides, Except for Attempts, Recorded by the Police and Gendarmerie].Paris:Institut National des Hautes Etudes de la Sécurité et de la Justice (INHESJ), Observatoire National de la Délinquance et des Réponses Pénales (ONDRP),23 January. (Q11258)Full Citation

23.

UNODC.2014.‘Homicides in France.’ Global Study on Homicide 2013: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC),10 April. (Q10340)Full Citation

24.

UNODC.2013.‘Homicide in 207 Countries - France.’ Global Study on Homicide 2011: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,26 June. (Q6213)Full Citation

25.

Barclay, Gordon, Cynthia Tavares and Arsalaan Siddique.2001.‘Crimes Recorded by Police: Homicide.’ International Comparisons of Criminal Justice Statistics 1999.London:UK Home Office,1 May. (Q2143)Full Citation

26.

Krug, E G, K E Powell and L L Dahlberg.1998.‘Firearm-Related Deaths in the United States and 35 Other High- and Upper-Middle-Income Countries.’ International Journal of Epidemiology.Atlanta:National Centre for Injury Prevention & Control, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention / CDC,16 April. (Q1301)Full Citation

27.

Krug, E G, K E Powell and L L Dahlberg.1998.‘Firearm-Related Deaths in the United States and 35 Other High- and Upper-Middle-Income Countries.’ International Journal of Epidemiology.Atlanta:National Centre for Injury Prevention & Control, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention / CDC,16 April. (Q1297)Full Citation

28.

Pauline Fréour. 2011. ‘One French Person in Twenty Tried to Commit Suicide.’ Le Figaro (France). 13 December. (N382) Full Citation

29.

Krug, E G, K E Powell and L L Dahlberg.1998.‘Firearm-Related Deaths in the United States and 35 Other High- and Upper-Middle-Income Countries.’ International Journal of Epidemiology.Atlanta:National Centre for Injury Prevention & Control, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention / CDC,16 April. (Q1302)Full Citation

30.

Krug, E G, K E Powell and L L Dahlberg.1998.‘Firearm-Related Deaths in the United States and 35 Other High- and Upper-Middle-Income Countries.’ International Journal of Epidemiology.Atlanta:National Centre for Injury Prevention & Control, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention / CDC,16 April. (Q1298)Full Citation

31.

Krug, E G, K E Powell and L L Dahlberg.1998.‘Firearm-Related Deaths in the United States and 35 Other High- and Upper-Middle-Income Countries.’ International Journal of Epidemiology.Atlanta:National Centre for Injury Prevention & Control, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention / CDC,16 April. (Q1299)Full Citation

32.

WHO.2014.‘Inter-country Comparison of Mortality for Selected Cause of Death - Gun Death from Undetermined Cause in France.’ European Detailed Mortality Database (DMDB).Copenhagen:World Health Organisation Regional Office for Europe,19 June. (Q6444)Full Citation

33.

Krug, E G, K E Powell and L L Dahlberg.1998.‘Firearm-Related Deaths in the United States and 35 Other High- and Upper-Middle-Income Countries.’ International Journal of Epidemiology.Atlanta:National Centre for Injury Prevention & Control, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention / CDC,16 April. (Q1300)Full Citation

34.

France.2012.‘Article L. 2332-1 - Manufacturers and Dealers (Entreprises de fabrication ou de commerce).’ Defence Code, as Amended by the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:President of the French Republic,6 March. (Q5870)Full Citation

35.

France.2011.‘Article L. 2332-11 - Manufacturers and Dealers (Entreprises de fabrication ou de commerce).’ Defence Code (Code de la Défense).Paris:President of the French Republic,16 September. (Q6007)Full Citation

36.

France.2014.‘Manufacture and Commerce of Weapons of War (Fabrication et commerce des matériels de guerre).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10574)Full Citation

37.

France.2013.‘Manufacture and Commerce Authorisation (Autorisation de fabrication et de commerce).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10575)Full Citation

38.

France.2013.‘Manufacture and Commerce - Authority (Fabrication et commerce - autorité).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10576)Full Citation

39.

France.2013.‘Transfer of Firearms of Categories A and B (Transfert d'armes des catégories A et B).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10579)Full Citation

40.

France.2014.‘Manufacturer and Dealer Record-keeping (Tenue des registres des fabricants et commerçants).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10580)Full Citation

41.

France.2013.‘Firearm Manufacture from Firearm Components Already Put on the Market (Fabrication d'armes à partir d'éléments d'arme déjà mises sur le marché).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10581)Full Citation

42.

France.2014.‘Security Measures (Mesures de sécurité).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10582)Full Citation

43.

France.2014.‘Article R. 311-5 - Marking (Marquage).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10915)Full Citation

44.

France.2014.‘Articles R. 314-1, -2, -3, -4 - Storage (Conservation).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10980)Full Citation

45.

France.2014.‘Manufacture.’ National Report of France on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of France to the United Nations,1 January. (Q10820)Full Citation

46.

Small Arms Survey.2001.‘Ranking of World's Small Arms Producers (By Sales).’ Small Arms Survey 2001: Profiling the Problem.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q103)Full Citation

47.

France.2014.‘Issuing Procedure for an Export Authorisation.’ Decree No. 2014-62 of 28 January 2014, on Exports of Firearms, Ammunition and Their Components, which Implements the EU Regulation No. 258/2012 of the European Parliament and Council of 14 March 2012 (Act Current to 10 September 2015).Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,28 January. (Q10809)Full Citation

48.

France.2015.‘Firearms Export Subject to Authorisation.’ Decree No. 2014-62 of 28 January 2014, on Exports of Firearms, Ammunition and Their Components, which Implements the EU Regulation No. 258/2012 of the European Parliament and Council of 14 March 2012 (Act Current to 10 September 2015).Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,8 July. (Q10808)Full Citation

49.

France.2014.‘Persons Allowed to Submit an Export Licence Request.’ Decree No. 2014-62 of 28 January 2014, on Exports of Firearms, Ammunition and Their Components, which Implements the EU Regulation No. 258/2012 of the European Parliament and Council of 14 March 2012 (Act Current to 10 September 2015).Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10810)Full Citation

50.

France.2014.‘Validity Period of the Export Licence.’ Decree No. 2014-62 of 28 January 2014, on Exports of Firearms, Ammunition and Their Components, which Implements the EU Regulation No. 258/2012 of the European Parliament and Council of 14 March 2012 (Act Current to 10 September 2015).Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,28 January. (Q10811)Full Citation

51.

France.2014.‘Exemptions for Hunters and Sports Shooters.’ Decree No. 2014-62 of 28 January 2014, on Exports of Firearms, Ammunition and Their Components, which Implements the EU Regulation No. 258/2012 of the European Parliament and Council of 14 March 2012 (Act Current to 10 September 2015).Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10812)Full Citation

52.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-54 - Purchase of Firearms and Presentation of Documents (Acquisition d'armes et présentation de documents).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10978)Full Citation

53.

France.2014.‘Article L. 2335-3 - Exports (Exportations).’ Defence Code, as Amended by the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:President of the French Republic,10 July. (Q5878)Full Citation

54.

France.2014.‘Article L. 2335-2 - Export Authorisations (Autorisations d'exportations).’ Defence Code (Code de la Défense).Paris:President of the French Republic,10 July. (Q5877)Full Citation

55.

France.2011.‘Article L. 2335-6 - Exports and Imports Record-keeping.’ Defence Code (Code de la Défense).Paris:President of the French Republic,22 June. (Q10664)Full Citation

56.

France.2013.‘Transfers of Ammunition within the Country, or From or To a Member State (Transfers de munitions à l'intérieur du pays ou en provenance ou à destination d'un autre Etat membre).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10606)Full Citation

57.

France.2014.‘Transfers Between Member States (Transfert entre Etats membres).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,28 January. (Q10618)Full Citation

58.

France.2013.‘Purchase of a Firearm in View of Its Transfer to Another Member State (Acquisition d'une arme en vue de son transfert vers un autre Etat membre).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10615)Full Citation

59.

France.2014.‘Conditions for the Sale of a Firearm Intended to Another Member State (Conditions pour la vente d'une arme à destination d'un autre Etat membre).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10616)Full Citation

60.

France.2015.‘Transfers to Another Member State (Transfert vers un autre Etat membre).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,8 July. (Q10619)Full Citation

61.

France.2013.‘Transfers to Another Member State - Transfer Declaration (Transfert vers un autre Etat membre - Déclaration de transfert).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10621)Full Citation

62.

France.2013.‘Common Provisions of Both Regimes (Dispositions communes aux deux régimes).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10627)Full Citation

63.

European Council.1991.‘Article 11.’ Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons (91/477/EEC) [current to 2008 amendments].Brussels:Council of the European Communities,18 June. (Q2414)Full Citation

64.

European Council.1991.‘Article 12.’ Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons (91/477/EEC) [current to 2008 amendments].Brussels:Council of the European Communities,18 June. (Q2415)Full Citation

65.

European Council.1991.‘Article 13.’ Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons (91/477/EEC) [current to 2008 amendments].Brussels:Council of the European Communities,18 June. (Q2416)Full Citation

66.

European Council.1991.‘Article 14.’ Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons (91/477/EEC) [current to 2008 amendments].Brussels:Council of the European Communities,18 June. (Q2417)Full Citation

67.

France.2014.‘International Transfers.’ National Report of France on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of France to the United Nations,1 January. (Q10821)Full Citation

68.

France.2010.‘Export Controls (Autorisation d'exportation).’ National Report of France on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of France to the United Nations,1 May. (Q5840)Full Citation

69.

European Commission.2013.‘The Need for Action at EU Level - EU Firearms Laws.’ Communication from the Commission to the Council and the European Parliament.Brussels:Europa.eu,21 October. (Q8320)Full Citation

70.

Marsh, Nicholas.2014.‘Database of Authorised Transfers of Small Arms and Light Weapons.’ NISAT Small Arms Trade Database.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,22 December. (Q16)Full Citation

71.

Holtom, Paul and Christelle Rigual.2015.‘Trends in Small Arms Exports per Top Exporter and for All Exporters, as Reported to UN Comtrade, 2001-2012.’ Small Arms Survey 2015: Weapons and the World.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 June. (Q11071)Full Citation

72.

Rigual, Christelle.2015.‘Annexe 4.1: Major Exporters.’ Small Arms Survey 2015: Weapons and the World.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 June. (Q11077)Full Citation

73.

Pavesi, Irene and Christelle Rigual.2013.‘Annexes 8.1: Major Exporters.’ Small Arms Survey 2013: Everyday Dangers.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,2 July. (Q8485)Full Citation

74.

Holtom, Paul and Christelle Rigual.2015.‘Exporters of Small Arms Based on UN Comtrade, 2012.’ Small Arms Survey 2015: Weapons and the World.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 June. (Q11069)Full Citation

75.

Holtom, Paul, Irene Pavesi and Christelle Rigual.2014.‘Exporters of Small Arms Based on UN Comtrade, 2011.’ Small Arms Survey 2014: Women and Guns.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,16 June. (Q11037)Full Citation

76.

Small Arms Survey.2001.‘60 Known Legal Small Arms Exporting Countries, 2001.’ Small Arms Survey 2001: Profiling the Problem.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q867)Full Citation

77.

France.2014.‘Article L. 2335-1 - Imports and Exports (Importations et exportations).’ Defence Code, as Amended by the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:President of the French Republic,10 July. (Q5876)Full Citation

78.

France.2015.‘Transfers from a Member State to France (Transfert d'un Etat membre vers la France).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,8 July. (Q10622)Full Citation

79.

France.2014.‘Special Regime (Régime particulier).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10623)Full Citation

80.

France.2013.‘Special Regime - Authorisation (Régime particulier - Autorisation).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10624)Full Citation

81.

Holtom, Paul and Christelle Rigual.2015.‘Trends in Small Arms Imports per Top Importer and for All Importers, as Reported to UN Comtrade, 2001-2012.’ Small Arms Survey 2015: Weapons and the World.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 June. (Q11072)Full Citation

82.

Holtom, Paul and Christelle Rigual.2015.‘Top Exporters and Importers of Small Arms and Light Weapons.’ Small Arms Survey 2015: Weapons and the World.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 June. (Q11068)Full Citation

83.

Holtom, Paul and Christelle Rigual.2015.‘Importers of Small Arms Based on UN Comtrade, 2012.’ Small Arms Survey 2015: Weapons and the World.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 June. (Q11070)Full Citation

84.

Rigual, Christelle.2015.‘Annexe 4.2: Major Importers.’ Small Arms Survey 2015: Weapons and the World.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 June. (Q11078)Full Citation

85.

Holtom, Paul, Irene Pavesi and Christelle Rigual.2014.‘Major Exporters and Importers.’ Small Arms Survey 2014: Women and Guns.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,16 June. (Q11036)Full Citation

86.

Holtom, Paul, Irene Pavesi and Christelle Rigual.2014.‘Importers of Small Arms Based on UN Comtrade, 2011.’ Small Arms Survey 2014: Women and Guns.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,16 June. (Q11041)Full Citation

87.

Pavesi, Irene and Christelle Rigual.2013.‘Annexes 8.2: Major Importers.’ Small Arms Survey 2013: Everyday Dangers.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,2 July. (Q8486)Full Citation

88.

Berman, Eric.2011.‘Small Arms Transfers: Importing States.’ Weapons and Markets.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,11 November. (Q5997)Full Citation

89.

INHESJ/ONDRP.2015.‘Le Trafic d'Armes [Arms Trafficking].’ La Criminalité en France - Rapport annuel 2015 [Crime in France - Report 2015].Paris:Institut National des Hautes Etudes de la Sécurité et de la Justice (INHESJ), Observatoire National de la Délinquance et des Réponses Pénales (ONDRP),1 October. (Q11257)Full Citation

90.

Christophe Cornevin. 2011. ‘Explosion of Gun Seizures in France - Trafficking.’ Le Figaro (France). 2 December. (N268) Full Citation

91.

Christophe Cornevin. 2011. ‘Explosion of Gun Seizures in France - Firearm numbers.’ Le Figaro (France). 2 December. (N267) Full Citation

92.

France.2014.‘Manufacture and Commerce - Special Register (Fabrication et de commerce - Registre spécial).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10577)Full Citation

93.

France.2014.‘Brokering.’ National Report of France on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of France to the United Nations,1 January. (Q10823)Full Citation

94.

France.2011.‘Record Keeping (Enregistrement).’ National Report of France on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of France to the United Nations,11 April. (Q4808)Full Citation

95.

France.2010.‘Brokering (Courtage).’ National Report of France on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of France to the United Nations,1 May. (Q5845)Full Citation

96.

European Council.1991.‘Article 4b.’ Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons (91/477/EEC) [current to 2008 amendments].Brussels:Council of the European Communities,18 June. (Q2408)Full Citation

97.

European Commission.2013.‘The Need for Action at EU Level - EU Firearms Laws.’ Communication from the Commission to the Council and the European Parliament.Brussels:Europa.eu,21 October. (Q8319)Full Citation

98.

France.2014.‘Obligations of Exporters.’ Decree No. 2014-62 of 28 January 2014, on Exports of Firearms, Ammunition and Their Components, which Implements the EU Regulation No. 258/2012 of the European Parliament and Council of 14 March 2012 (Act Current to 10 September 2015).Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,28 January. (Q10813)Full Citation

99.

France.2013.‘Firearm Possession during a European Trip (Possession d'armes au cours d'un voyage en Europe).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10613)Full Citation

100.

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France.2014.‘Article R. 312-2 - Competent Authority to Issue Authorisations (Autorité compétente pour délivrer des autorisations).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10917)Full Citation

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132.

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France.2014.‘Article R. 311-2 - Category B Weapons (Armes de catégorie B).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10912)Full Citation

138.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-26 - Authorisations for Film and Show Companies (Autorisations pour entreprises de films ou spectacles).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10967)Full Citation

139.

France.2014.‘Article R. 311-2 - Category C Weapons (Armes de catégorie C).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10913)Full Citation

140.

European Council.1991.‘Article 7.’ Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons (91/477/EEC) [current to 2008 amendments].Brussels:Council of the European Communities,18 June. (Q2411)Full Citation

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European Council.1991.‘Article 8.’ Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons (91/477/EEC) [current to 2008 amendments].Brussels:Council of the European Communities,18 June. (Q2412)Full Citation

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France.2014.‘Article R. 315-7 - Authorised Handguns (Armes de poing autorisées).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10947)Full Citation

143.

France.2014.‘Article R. 311-2 - Category D Weapons (Armes de catégorie D).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10914)Full Citation

144.

France.2013.‘Article L. 312-4 - Acquisition and Possession of Firearms of Category B.’ Internal Security Code - Legislative Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie législative).Paris:President of the French Republic,20 June. (Q10776)Full Citation

145.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-21 - Condition for the Issuance of an Authorisation for Firearms of Category B.’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10968)Full Citation

146.

France.2013.‘Article L. 312-4-1 - Acquisition of Firearms of Category C.’ Internal Security Code - Legislative Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie législative).Paris:President of the French Republic,20 June. (Q10769)Full Citation

147.

France.2013.‘Article L. 312-4-2 - Acquisition and Possession of Firearms of Category D.’ Internal Security Code - Legislative Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie législative).Paris:President of the French Republic,20 June. (Q10770)Full Citation

148.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-56 - Firearms Declaration/Acquisition (Déclaration des armes à feu/Acquisition).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10924)Full Citation

149.

France.2014.‘Article R. 314-19 - Firearms Declaration/Transfer (Déclaration des armes à feu/Transfert).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10925)Full Citation

150.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-55 - Inherited Firearms (Armes dévolues par voie successorale).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10923)Full Citation

151.

France.2013.‘European Firearm Pass (Carte européenne d'arme à feu).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10611)Full Citation

152.

France.2014.‘Common Law on Purchases (Régime de droit commun d'acquisition).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10607)Full Citation

153.

France.2013.‘Authorisation to Purchase for a Resident of a Member State of the European Union (Autorisation d'acquérir pour un résident d'un Etat membre de l'Union européenne).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10608)Full Citation

154.

France.2013.‘Purchase in another Member State (Acquisition dans un autre Etat membre).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10610)Full Citation

155.

France.2013.‘Trip Between France and Another Member State (Voyage entre la France et un autre Etat membre).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10612)Full Citation

156.

European Council.1991.‘Article 4a.’ Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons (91/477/EEC) [current to 2008 amendments].Brussels:Council of the European Communities,18 June. (Q2407)Full Citation

157.

France.2014.‘Articles R. 312-37, -38 - Authorisations for Companies (Autorisations pour entreprises).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10969)Full Citation

158.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-39 - Authorisations for Individuals Exposed to Risks.’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10970)Full Citation

159.

France.2014.‘Articles R. 312-40, -41 - Authorisations for the Practice of Sports Shooting.’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10971)Full Citation

160.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-5 - Additional Documents for Authorisation Requests (Pièces complémentaires pour les demandes d'autorisation).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10919)Full Citation

161.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-53 - Purchase of Firearms of Categories C and D (Acquisition des armes de catégories C et D).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10977)Full Citation

162.

European Council.1991.‘Article 5.’ Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons (91/477/EEC) [current to 2008 amendments].Brussels:Council of the European Communities,18 June. (Q2409)Full Citation

163.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-1 - Prohibited Acquisition by Minors (Interdiction d'acquisition par les mineurs).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10916)Full Citation

164.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-67 - Specific Prohibitions (Interdictions spécifiques).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10955)Full Citation

165.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-4 - Authorisation Requests (Demandes d'autorisation).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10918)Full Citation

166.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-6 - Medical Certificate (Certificat médical).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10920)Full Citation

167.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-8 - Mental Records (Antécédents mentaux).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10921)Full Citation

168.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-57 - Declaration - Medical Certificate (Déclaration - certificat médical).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10926)Full Citation

169.

France.2013.‘Decree No. 2013-700 (Décret n° 2013-700).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10642)Full Citation

170.

France.2015.‘Defence Code (Code de la Défense).’ Defence Code (Code de la Défense).Paris:President of the French Republic,1 September. (Q6016)Full Citation

171.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-13 - Validity of Authorisation (Durée de l'autorisation).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10965)Full Citation

172.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-3 - Authorisation Requests - Authority (Demandes d'autorisations - Autorité compétente).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10959)Full Citation

173.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-11 - Authorisation's Validity (Validité de l'autorisation).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10962)Full Citation

174.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-12 - Validity of an Authorisation to Purchase Firearms.’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10964)Full Citation

175.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-14 - Renewal Request (Demande de renouvellement).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10966)Full Citation

176.

France.2013.‘Registration of Firearm Authorisations, Declarations, and Registrations.’ Order of November 15, 2007 on the Creation of the Application for the Management of the Computerized Register of Owners and Holders of Firearms (Act Current to 8 September 2015).Paris:Ministers of the Interior, Overseas France and Territorial Communities, Defence, Budgets, Public Accounts, and Civil Service of the French Republic,2 September. (Q10694)Full Citation

177.

France.2012.‘Registration Data.’ Order of November 15, 2007 on the Creation of the Application for the Management of the Computerized Register of Owners and Holders of Firearms (Act Current to 8 September 2015).Paris:Ministers of the Interior, Overseas France and Territorial Communities, Defence, Budgets, Public Accounts, and Civil Service of the French Republic,28 March. (Q10695)Full Citation

178.

France.2007.‘Time for Retaining Information on Firearm Owners.’ Order of November 15, 2007 on the Creation of the Application for the Management of the Computerized Register of Owners and Holders of Firearms (Act Current to 8 September 2015).Paris:Ministers of the Interior, Overseas France and Territorial Communities, Defence, Budgets, Public Accounts, and Civil Service of the French Republic,15 November. (Q10696)Full Citation

179.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-77 - Records (Fichiers).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10928)Full Citation

180.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-78 - National File of Individuals Prohibited from Purchasing and Possessing Firearms (Fichier national des interdits d'acquisition et de détention d'armes).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10929)Full Citation

181.

France.2014.‘Article R. 313-12 - List of Retail Stores (Liste des commerces de détail).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10932)Full Citation

182.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-43 - Shooting Booklet (Carnet de tir).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10972)Full Citation

183.

France.2013.‘Article L. 312-4-3 - Limited Number of Firearms and Quantity of Ammunition.’ Internal Security Code - Legislative Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie législative).Paris:President of the French Republic,20 June. (Q10777)Full Citation

184.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-46 - Purchase of Ammunition for Firearms of Category B (Acquisition de munitions des armes de catégorie B).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10974)Full Citation

185.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-47 - Limit on the Purchase of Ammunition (Limitation quant à l'acquisition de munitions).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10975)Full Citation

186.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-49 - Ammunition per Firearm (Munitions par arme).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10976)Full Citation

187.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-45 - Purchase and Possession of Magazines and Ammunition (Acquisition et détention des systèmes d'alimentation et des munitions).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10973)Full Citation

188.

European Council.1991.‘Article 10.’ Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons (91/477/EEC) [current to 2008 amendments].Brussels:Council of the European Communities,18 June. (Q2413)Full Citation

189.

France.2013.‘Article L. 314-2-1 - Transfer of Firearms of Categories C and D Between Individuals.’ Internal Security Code - Legislative Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie législative).Paris:President of the French Republic,20 June. (Q10771)Full Citation

190.

France.2014.‘Article R. 314-16 - Ownership Transfer of a Firearm by an Individual (Transfert de propriété d'une arme par un particulier).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10960)Full Citation

191.

European Council.1991.‘Article 4.’ Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons (91/477/EEC) [current to 2008 amendments].Brussels:Council of the European Communities,18 June. (Q2406)Full Citation

192.

France.2014.‘Article R. 313-24 - Obligations of a Dealer when Transferring Firearms and Ammunition (Obligations de l'armurier lors de la cession des armes et munitions).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10935)Full Citation

193.

France.2014.‘Gun Dealer Record Keeping (Tenue d'un registre par les commerçants d'armes à feu).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10589)Full Citation

194.

France.2014.‘Prefects in Charge of Special Registers (Préfets en charge des registres spéciaux).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10578)Full Citation

195.

France.2010.‘Stockpile Management and Securing (Gestion et Sécurisation des Stocks).’ National Report of France on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of France to the United Nations,1 May. (Q4788)Full Citation

196.

France.2013.‘Article L. 314-3 - Transfers of Firearms of Categories A and B Not Intended for Commerce.’ Internal Security Code - Legislative Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie législative).Paris:President of the French Republic,20 June. (Q10779)Full Citation

197.

France.2013.‘Article L. 314-2 - Transfer of Firearms of Category B, Between Individuals.’ Internal Security Code - Legislative Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie législative).Paris:President of the French Republic,20 June. (Q10778)Full Citation

198.

France.2014.‘Article R. 314-20 - Transfer of Ownership Between Individuals (Transfert de propriété entre particuliers).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10979)Full Citation

199.

France.2014.‘Article R. 314-17 - Private Sales (Authority).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10961)Full Citation

200.

France.2014.‘Article R. 314-18 - Purchase of a Replacement Firearm by an Individual.’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10934)Full Citation

201.

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