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France — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in France is 19,000,0001 2 3

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) in France is 31.21 firearms per 100 people

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, France ranked at No. 54

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, France ranked at No. 121

Proportion of Households with Firearms

ChartIn France, the percentage of households with one or more guns is reported to be

2004/05: 16.1%5
1999/2003: 18.2%
1995/98: 22.6%
1989: 25.3%

Proportion of Households with Rifles

In France, the percentage of households with one or more rifles is reported to be

2005: 34%6

Proportion of Households with Shotguns

In France, the percentage of households with one or more shotguns is reported to be

2005: 57%6

Proportion of Households with Handguns

ChartIn France, the percentage of households with one or more handguns is reported to be

2004/05: 3.7%5 6
1999/2003: 2.8%
1995/98: 4.9%
1989: 5.9%

Number of Registered Firearms

The number of registered guns in France is reported to be 2,802,0571 2 3

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

The rate of registered guns per 100 people in France is 4.447

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of France are reported to have 1,300,0008 9 firearms

Routine Arming of Police

In France, police officers on routine patrol carry one or more firearms10 11 12 13

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in France are reported to have 217,74714 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn France, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2012: 1,85615 16 17 18
2011: 1,78115 16 17 18 19
2010: 1,73115 16 17 18
2009: 1,86115 16 17 18 20
2008: 1,95215 16 17 18
2007: 1,829
2006: 2,039
2005: 2,095
2004: 2,054
2003: 2,203
2002: 2,218
2001: 2,331
2000: 2,465
1999: 2,28421 22 23
1998: 2,96421 22 23 24
1997: 2,85621 22 23

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2012: 2.837
2011: 2.737 19
2010: 2.677
2009: 2.887 20
2008: 3.047
2007: 2.86
2006: 3.21
2005: 3.32
2004: 3.28
2003: 3.54
2002: 3.58
2001: 3.78
2000: 4.02
1999: 3.75
1998: 4.89
1997: 4.73

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn France, annual homicides by any means total

2012: 39115 25 26
2011: 38115 25 26 27
2010: 399
2009: 472
2008: 441
2007: 368
2006: 413
2005: 430
2004: 458
2003: 449
2002: 481
2001: 486
2000: 495
1999: 95325 27 28
1998: 961
1997: 963
1996: 1,171
1995: 1,33627 28

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn France, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.615 25 26
2011: 0.615 25 26 27
2010: 0.6
2009: 0.8
2008: 0.7
2007: 0.6
2006: 0.7
2005: 0.7
2004: 0.8
2003: 0.7
2002: 0.8
2001: 0.8
2000: 0.8
1999: 1.625 27
1998: 1.6
1997: 1.7
1996: 2.0
1995: 2.327
1994: 1.1229

Gun Homicides

ChartIn France, annual firearm homicides total

2013: 13821
2012: 14015 21
2011: 14115 21 19
2010: 12515 21
2009: 134
2008: 142
2007: 9615 21 27
2006: 11115 21
2005: 122
2004: 129
2003: 122
2002: 158
2001: 160
2000: 152
1999: 15521
1998: 170
1997: 214

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.2221
2012: 0.217 21
2011: 0.227 21 19
2010: 0.197 21
2009: 0.21
2008: 0.22
2007: 0.157 21 27
2006: 0.177 21
2005: 0.19
2004: 0.21
2003: 0.20
2002: 0.25
2001: 0.26
2000: 0.25
1999: 0.2621
1998: 0.29
1997: 0.37
1994: 0.4430

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

In France, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2007: 9.6%27

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn France, annual handgun homicides total

2013: 321
2012: 015
2011: 115 21
2010: 1
2009: 015
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 115 21
2004: 015
2003: 215 21
2002: 015
2001: 115 21
2000: 2

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0021
2012: 0.015
2011: 0.015 21
2010: 0.0
2009: 0.015
2008: 0.0
2007: 0.0
2006: 0.0
2005: 0.015 21
2004: 0.015
2003: 0.0 15 21
2002: 0.015
2001: 0.015 21
2000: 0.0

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn France, annual long gun homicides total

2013: 1421
2012: 1215 21
2011: 11
2010: 6
2009: 6
2008: 7
2007: 5
2006: 5
2005: 9
2004: 7
2003: 11
2002: 11
2001: 9
2000: 11

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0221
2012: 0.0221 15
2011: 0.02
2010: 0.01
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.02
2003: 0.02
2002: 0.02
2001: 0.02
2000: 0.02

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn France, annual gun homicides (other) total

2013: 12121
2012: 12815 21
2011: 129
2010: 118
2009: 128
2008: 135
2007: 91
2006: 106
2005: 112
2004: 122
2003: 109
2002: 147
2001: 150
2000: 139

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.1921
2012: 0.2021 15
2011: 0.22
2010: 0.19
2009: 0.20
2008: 0.22
2007: 0.15
2006: 0.17
2005: 0.19
2004: 0.21
2003: 0.18
2002: 0.24
2001: 0.26
2000: 0.24

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn France, annual suicides by any means total

2012: 9,69516
2011: 10,359
2010: 10,334
2009: 10,46416 31
2008: 10,31616
2007: 10,088
2006: 10,39016 31
2005: 10,67316
2004: 10,762
2003: 10,820
2002: 10,607
2001: 10,408
2000: 10,806
1998: 10,53424

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn France, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2012: 15.316
2011: 16.4
2010: 16.4
2009: 16.716 31
2008: 16.616
2007: 16.3
2006: 16.916 31
2005: 17.416
2004: 17.7
2003: 17.9
2002: 17.7
2001: 17.5
2000: 18.3
1998: 17.5124
1994: 20.7932

Gun Suicides

ChartIn France, annual firearm suicides total

2013: 1,33522
2012: 1,42016 22
2011: 1,39516 22 19
2010: 1,37716 22
2009: 1,445
2008: 1,546
2007: 1,403
2006: 1,576
2005: 1,644
2004: 1,601
2003: 1,738
2002: 1,712
2001: 1,883
2000: 2,051
1999: 2,02922
1998: 2,386
1997: 2,556

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 2.0922
2012: 2.167 22
2011: 2.147 22 19
2010: 2.127 22
2009: 2.24
2008: 2.41
2007: 2.20
2006: 2.48
2005: 2.61
2004: 2.55
2003: 2.79
2002: 2.76
2001: 3.06
2000: 3.35
1999: 3.4622
1998: 4.05
1997: 4.36
1994: 5.1433

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn France, annual handgun suicides total

2013: 1922
2012: 1616 22
2011: 16
2010: 11
2009: 16
2008: 16
2007: 12
2006: 13
2005: 17
2004: 10
2003: 8
2002: 14
2001: 16
2000: 21

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0322
2012: 0.0322 16
2011: 0.03
2010: 0.02
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.03
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.02
2005: 0.03
2004: 0.02
2003: 0.02
2002: 0.02
2001: 0.03
2000: 0.04

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn France, the number of long gun suicides is

2013: 13422
2012: 15916 22
2011: 130
2010: 113
2009: 97
2008: 96
2007: 108
2006: 111
2005: 124
2004: 116
2003: 153
2002: 150
2001: 161
2000: 203

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.2122
2012: 0.2522 16
2011: 0.21
2010: 0.18
2009: 0.16
2008: 0.15
2007: 0.17
2006: 0.18
2005: 0.21
2004: 0.19
2003: 0.25
2002: 0.25
2001: 0.27
2000: 0.34

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn France, annual gun suicides (other) total

2013: 1,18222
2012: 1,24516 22
2011: 1,249
2010: 1,253
2009: 1,332
2008: 1,436
2007: 1,283
2006: 1,452
2005: 1,503
2004: 1,475
2003: 1,577
2002: 1,548
2001: 1,706
2000: 1,827

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2013: 1.8522
2012: 1.9722 16
2011: 1.99
2010: 1.99
2009: 2.13
2008: 2.30
2007: 2.08
2006: 2.36
2005: 2.48
2004: 2.44
2003: 2.63
2002: 2.60
2001: 2.89
2000: 3.11

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn France, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2013: 1723
2012: 2417 23
2011: 7017 23 19
2010: 3217 23
2009: 29
2008: 39
2007: 32
2006: 53
2005: 36
2004: 19
2003: 26
2002: 19
2001: 33
2000: 44
1999: 10023
1998: 68
1997: 86

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0323
2012: 0.047 23
2011: 0.11
2010: 0.05
2009: 0.04
2008: 0.06
2007: 0.05
2006: 0.08
2005: 0.06
2004: 0.03
2003: 0.04
2002: 0.03
2001: 0.05
2000: 0.07
1999: 0.1723
1998: 0.12
1997: 0.15
1994: 0.1134

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn France, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2013: 923
2012: 917 23
2011: 15
2010: 8
2009: 12
2008: 13
2007: 8
2006: 13
2005: 20
2004: 8
2003: 23
2002: 13
2001: 25
2000: 26

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0123
2012: 0.0123 17
2011: 0.03
2010: 0.01
2009: 0.02
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.02
2005: 0.03
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.04
2002: 0.02
2001: 0.04
2000: 0.04

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn France, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2013: 823
2012: 1517 23
2011: 55
2010: 24
2009: 17
2008: 26
2007: 24
2006: 40
2005: 16
2004: 11
2003: 3
2002: 6
2001: 8
2000: 18

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0123
2012: 0.0223 17
2011: 0.09
2010: 0.04
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.04
2007: 0.04
2006: 0.06
2005: 0.03
2004: 0.02
2003: 0.00
2002: 0.01
2001: 0.01
2000: 0.03

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn France, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 26035
2012: 27218 35
2011: 17518 35 19
2010: 19718 35
2009: 253
2008: 225
2007: 298
2006: 299
2005: 293
2004: 305
2003: 317
2002: 329
2001: 255
2000: 218
1998: 34024

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.4135
2012: 0.417 35
2011: 0.27
2010: 0.30
2009: 0.39
2008: 0.35
2007: 0.47
2006: 0.47
2005: 0.46
2004: 0.49
2003: 0.51
2002: 0.53
2001: 0.41
2000: 0.36
1998: 0.5724
1994: 0.6536

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn France, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 235
2012: 118 35
2011: 1
2010: 018
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 318 35
2006: 018
2005: 0
2004: 0
2003: 118 35
2002: 5
2001: 1
2000: 3

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0035
2012: 0.0035 18
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.018
2009: 0.0
2008: 0.0
2007: 0.0035 18
2006: 0.018
2005: 0.0
2004: 0.0
2003: 0.0035 18
2002: 0.01
2001: 0.00
2000: 0.01

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn France, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 2635
2012: 2418 35
2011: 14
2010: 18
2009: 23
2008: 10
2007: 29
2006: 28
2005: 28
2004: 32
2003: 33
2002: 33
2001: 27
2000: 19

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0435
2012: 0.0435 18
2011: 0.02
2010: 0.03
2009: 0.04
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.05
2006: 0.05
2005: 0.05
2004: 0.05
2003: 0.05
2002: 0.06
2001: 0.05
2000: 0.03

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn France, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 23235
2012: 24718 35
2011: 160
2010: 179
2009: 230
2008: 215
2007: 266
2006: 271
2005: 265
2004: 273
2003: 337
2002: 291
2001: 227
2000: 196

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn France, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.3635
2012: 0.3935 18
2011: 0.26
2010: 0.28
2009: 0.37
2008: 0.35
2007: 0.43
2006: 0.44
2005: 0.43
2004: 0.46
2003: 0.56
2002: 0.49
2001: 0.39
2000: 0.35

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In France, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, France was ranked 'medium'49

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Regulation of Firearm Exports

In France, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from France is reported by Customs to be US$71,435,16373 (2011)74 75 76

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, France was categorized as 'major'77 78 79

Regulation of Firearm Imports

In France, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law 80 58 59 81 82 83 61 65 66 67 68 69 70

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to France is reported by Customs to be US$139,034,02773 (2011)84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in France is moderate92 93 94

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In France, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law37 39 95 96 97 98 99 100

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in France include50 52 101 54 102 103 62 65 104 63 64 83 66 68 70 105 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

ChartIn its annual Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer, the Small Arms Survey compares public reporting among major arms exporting nations on a scale from strong to weak (25 to zero). In recent years, France scored

2016: 15.75106
2014: 15.00107
2013: 14.25108
2012: 14.00109
2011: 14.00110
2010: 14.50111
2009: 14.75112
2008: 14.00113
2007: 13.75114
2006: 17.25115
2005: 12.00116
2004: 14.25117

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in France is categorised as restrictive118

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in France includes the Internal Security Code,119 120 the Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons,121 the Defence Code,122 119 the Order of 2007 on the Creation of the Application for the Management of the Computerized Register of Owners and Holders of Firearms,123 the Decree on Exports of Firearms of 2014,124 the Order of November 15, 2000 on Modalities for Destruction by Gunsmiths of Firearms,125 the Ordinance 2004-1374 of 20 December 2004 concerning the legislative part of the Defence Code that repealed the Decree-Law of 18 April, 1939 on Weapons of War, Firearms and Ammunition,126 the Council Directive of 18 June, 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons,127 128 the European Union Firearms Regulation of 2012, the Common Position on the Control of Arms Brokering of 2003129 and the Convention of 1 July, 1969 on Reciprocal Recognition of Proofmarks on Small Arms130

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in France are regulated by the Ministers of Defence,131 Interior, Industry, Customs,44 and Sports,132 the Prefect,133 National Police, National Gendarmerie,39 and the European Commission128

Right to Possess Firearms

In France, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law134 135

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In France, civilians are not allowed to possess weapons of war, certain handguns and long guns, automatic firearms, firearms disguised as other objects, and armour-piercing, incendiary and expanding ammunition136 137 138 139 140

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In France, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited137 141 142 139 140

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In France, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted under licence141 143 144 145 140

Regulation of Handguns

In France, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is prohibited with only narrow exemptions137 141 146 139 144 145 140

Law Regulates Long Guns

In France, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law137 141 143 147 144 145 140

Gun Ownership and Possession

In France, only licensed gun owners (for certain arms)148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 82 160 139 144 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in France are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, target shooting, personal protection, security and collection161 162 163 164 165 102 166

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in France is 18 years (except for sports shooters between 12 and 18 years old)120 163 132 167 166

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in France must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental health and health148 168 169 164 170 171 172 149 38 166 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In France, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required173 174

Partner to be Advised or Interviewed

In France, licensing authorities are not required173 174 to conduct interviews with, or to advise an applicant's spouse, partner, or next of kin before issuing a gun licence

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in France does not stipulate173 174 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In France, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required, only for persons exposed to serious risks due to their professional activity,164 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In France, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every five years175 176 177 178 179 155

Licensing Records

In France, authorities maintain a record123 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 97 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in France are permitted to possess a limited number of firearms187 163 162

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in France are permitted to possess a limited quantity of ammunition187 188 189 190 191 192

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In France, the law requires123 180 181 182 193 194 97 195 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In France, licensed firearm dealers are required95 43 196 197 198 97 195 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In France, licensed gun makers are required95 43 197 198 97 48 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In France, State agencies are required199 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In France, the private sale and transfer of firearms is permitted194 200 201 193 202 203 152 153 204 205 145

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In France, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful40 41 39 42 43 206 178 207 152 153 191 208 185 37 38 205 209 145

Background Checks for Dealer Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm from a licensed gun dealer in France is obliged210 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Number of Licensed Gun Dealers

The number of licensed firearm dealers in France is reported to be 360210

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In France, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined173 174

Regulation of Gun Shows

In France, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are regulated211 212 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in France include47 213 214 215 216 169 164 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in France include47 45 211 169 164 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in France include47 199 217 218 219 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in France include220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In France, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law228 229 46 130 230 48 231 232 233 234

Firearm Tracing

In France, state authorities carry out123 235 233 234 195 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In France, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law236 237 238 239 240 241 242 146

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In France, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm243 is three years in prison and a fine244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in France are known to have94 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn France, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2014: 5,8712 264
2013: 825265
2012: 6,965266 265
2011: 26,591266 267 265
2010: 33,554267
2009: 32,762

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn France, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2012: 12,532268
2011: 41,105269
2010: 63,017
2009: 68,608
1998/2000: 140,000270

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In France, it is not state policy271 272 273 274 168 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

European Union

As a member of the European Union, France is bound by the provisions of the ‘EU Firearms Directive’ – the 2007 Legislative Resolution on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons of the European Parliament285 286

European Union Export Reporting

Under the European Union Common Position on Arms Exports, France is bound to declare its transfers of military technology and equipment. Independent monitoring provides detailed comparisons of arms export reporting compliance across EU member states, and records that France has submitted one or more national reports287 on its arms transfers

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 2006288 by France.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified289 by France

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has not been signed290 by France

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, France committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects291

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored France against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 57292 293 294 295 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, France has submitted one or more national reports296 297 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In France, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated298 297

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In France, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has not been designated297 298

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of France submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent297

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been donated297 by France to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, France has declared299 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, France has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1945300

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies lists301 France as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in France, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where France ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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133.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-2 - Competent Authority to Issue Authorisations (Autorité compétente pour délivrer des autorisations).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10917)Full Citation

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Zachary Elkins, Tom Ginsburg and James Melton. 2013. ‘U.S. Gun Rights Truly Are American Exceptionalism.’ Bloomberg (USA). 7 March. (N422) Full Citation

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France.2013.‘Article L. 312-2 - Prohibition to Acquire and Possess Firearms of Category A.’ Internal Security Code - Legislative Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie législative).Paris:President of the French Republic,20 June. (Q10775)Full Citation

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France.2014.‘Article R. 311-2 - Category A Weapons (Armes de catégorie A).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10911)Full Citation

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139.

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140.

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France.2014.‘Article R. 311-2 - Category B Weapons (Armes de catégorie B).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10912)Full Citation

142.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-26 - Authorisations for Film and Show Companies (Autorisations pour entreprises de films ou spectacles).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10967)Full Citation

143.

France.2014.‘Article R. 311-2 - Category C Weapons (Armes de catégorie C).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10913)Full Citation

144.

European Council.1991.‘Article 7.’ Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons (91/477/EEC) [current to 2008 amendments].Brussels:Council of the European Communities,18 June. (Q2411)Full Citation

145.

European Council.1991.‘Article 8.’ Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons (91/477/EEC) [current to 2008 amendments].Brussels:Council of the European Communities,18 June. (Q2412)Full Citation

146.

France.2014.‘Article R. 315-7 - Authorised Handguns (Armes de poing autorisées).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10947)Full Citation

147.

France.2014.‘Article R. 311-2 - Category D Weapons (Armes de catégorie D).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10914)Full Citation

148.

France.2013.‘Article L. 312-4 - Acquisition and Possession of Firearms of Category B.’ Internal Security Code - Legislative Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie législative).Paris:President of the French Republic,20 June. (Q10776)Full Citation

149.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-21 - Condition for the Issuance of an Authorisation for Firearms of Category B.’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10968)Full Citation

150.

France.2013.‘Article L. 312-4-1 - Acquisition of Firearms of Category C.’ Internal Security Code - Legislative Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie législative).Paris:President of the French Republic,20 June. (Q10769)Full Citation

151.

France.2013.‘Article L. 312-4-2 - Acquisition and Possession of Firearms of Category D.’ Internal Security Code - Legislative Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie législative).Paris:President of the French Republic,20 June. (Q10770)Full Citation

152.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-56 - Firearms Declaration/Acquisition (Déclaration des armes à feu/Acquisition).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10924)Full Citation

153.

France.2014.‘Article R. 314-19 - Firearms Declaration/Transfer (Déclaration des armes à feu/Transfert).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10925)Full Citation

154.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-55 - Inherited Firearms (Armes dévolues par voie successorale).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10923)Full Citation

155.

France.2013.‘European Firearm Pass (Carte européenne d'arme à feu).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10611)Full Citation

156.

France.2014.‘Common Law on Purchases (Régime de droit commun d'acquisition).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10607)Full Citation

157.

France.2013.‘Authorisation to Purchase for a Resident of a Member State of the European Union (Autorisation d'acquérir pour un résident d'un Etat membre de l'Union européenne).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10608)Full Citation

158.

France.2013.‘Purchase in another Member State (Acquisition dans un autre Etat membre).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10610)Full Citation

159.

France.2013.‘Trip Between France and Another Member State (Voyage entre la France et un autre Etat membre).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10612)Full Citation

160.

European Council.1991.‘Article 4a.’ Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons (91/477/EEC) [current to 2008 amendments].Brussels:Council of the European Communities,18 June. (Q2407)Full Citation

161.

France.2014.‘Articles R. 312-37, -38 - Authorisations for Companies (Autorisations pour entreprises).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10969)Full Citation

162.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-39 - Authorisations for Individuals Exposed to Risks.’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10970)Full Citation

163.

France.2014.‘Articles R. 312-40, -41 - Authorisations for the Practice of Sports Shooting.’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10971)Full Citation

164.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-5 - Additional Documents for Authorisation Requests (Pièces complémentaires pour les demandes d'autorisation).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10919)Full Citation

165.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-53 - Purchase of Firearms of Categories C and D (Acquisition des armes de catégories C et D).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10977)Full Citation

166.

European Council.1991.‘Article 5.’ Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons (91/477/EEC) [current to 2008 amendments].Brussels:Council of the European Communities,18 June. (Q2409)Full Citation

167.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-1 - Prohibited Acquisition by Minors (Interdiction d'acquisition par les mineurs).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10916)Full Citation

168.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-67 - Specific Prohibitions (Interdictions spécifiques).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10955)Full Citation

169.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-4 - Authorisation Requests (Demandes d'autorisation).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10918)Full Citation

170.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-6 - Medical Certificate (Certificat médical).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10920)Full Citation

171.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-8 - Mental Records (Antécédents mentaux).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10921)Full Citation

172.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-57 - Declaration - Medical Certificate (Déclaration - certificat médical).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10926)Full Citation

173.

France.2013.‘Decree No. 2013-700 (Décret n° 2013-700).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10642)Full Citation

174.

France.2015.‘Defence Code (Code de la Défense).’ Defence Code (Code de la Défense).Paris:President of the French Republic,1 September. (Q6016)Full Citation

175.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-13 - Validity of Authorisation (Durée de l'autorisation).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10965)Full Citation

176.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-3 - Authorisation Requests - Authority (Demandes d'autorisations - Autorité compétente).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10959)Full Citation

177.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-11 - Authorisation's Validity (Validité de l'autorisation).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10962)Full Citation

178.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-12 - Validity of an Authorisation to Purchase Firearms.’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10964)Full Citation

179.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-14 - Renewal Request (Demande de renouvellement).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10966)Full Citation

180.

France.2013.‘Registration of Firearm Authorisations, Declarations, and Registrations.’ Order of November 15, 2007 on the Creation of the Application for the Management of the Computerized Register of Owners and Holders of Firearms (Act Current to 8 September 2015).Paris:Ministers of the Interior, Overseas France and Territorial Communities, Defence, Budgets, Public Accounts, and Civil Service of the French Republic,2 September. (Q10694)Full Citation

181.

France.2012.‘Registration Data.’ Order of November 15, 2007 on the Creation of the Application for the Management of the Computerized Register of Owners and Holders of Firearms (Act Current to 8 September 2015).Paris:Ministers of the Interior, Overseas France and Territorial Communities, Defence, Budgets, Public Accounts, and Civil Service of the French Republic,28 March. (Q10695)Full Citation

182.

France.2007.‘Time for Retaining Information on Firearm Owners.’ Order of November 15, 2007 on the Creation of the Application for the Management of the Computerized Register of Owners and Holders of Firearms (Act Current to 8 September 2015).Paris:Ministers of the Interior, Overseas France and Territorial Communities, Defence, Budgets, Public Accounts, and Civil Service of the French Republic,15 November. (Q10696)Full Citation

183.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-77 - Records (Fichiers).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10928)Full Citation

184.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-78 - National File of Individuals Prohibited from Purchasing and Possessing Firearms (Fichier national des interdits d'acquisition et de détention d'armes).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10929)Full Citation

185.

France.2014.‘Article R. 313-12 - List of Retail Stores (Liste des commerces de détail).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10932)Full Citation

186.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-43 - Shooting Booklet (Carnet de tir).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10972)Full Citation

187.

France.2013.‘Article L. 312-4-3 - Limited Number of Firearms and Quantity of Ammunition.’ Internal Security Code - Legislative Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie législative).Paris:President of the French Republic,20 June. (Q10777)Full Citation

188.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-46 - Purchase of Ammunition for Firearms of Category B (Acquisition de munitions des armes de catégorie B).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10974)Full Citation

189.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-47 - Limit on the Purchase of Ammunition (Limitation quant à l'acquisition de munitions).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10975)Full Citation

190.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-49 - Ammunition per Firearm (Munitions par arme).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10976)Full Citation

191.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-45 - Purchase and Possession of Magazines and Ammunition (Acquisition et détention des systèmes d'alimentation et des munitions).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10973)Full Citation

192.

European Council.1991.‘Article 10.’ Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons (91/477/EEC) [current to 2008 amendments].Brussels:Council of the European Communities,18 June. (Q2413)Full Citation

193.

France.2013.‘Article L. 314-2-1 - Transfer of Firearms of Categories C and D Between Individuals.’ Internal Security Code - Legislative Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie législative).Paris:President of the French Republic,20 June. (Q10771)Full Citation

194.

France.2014.‘Article R. 314-16 - Ownership Transfer of a Firearm by an Individual (Transfert de propriété d'une arme par un particulier).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10960)Full Citation

195.

European Council.1991.‘Article 4.’ Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons (91/477/EEC) [current to 2008 amendments].Brussels:Council of the European Communities,18 June. (Q2406)Full Citation

196.

France.2014.‘Article R. 313-24 - Obligations of a Dealer when Transferring Firearms and Ammunition (Obligations de l'armurier lors de la cession des armes et munitions).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10935)Full Citation

197.

France.2014.‘Gun Dealer Record Keeping (Tenue d'un registre par les commerçants d'armes à feu).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10589)Full Citation

198.

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203.

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212.

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213.

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France.2014.‘Article R. 315-16 - Firearm Shipments by Rail, Air or Sea (Expéditions d'armes par voie ferré, aérienne ou maritime).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10952)Full Citation

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