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Armed violence prevention, gun control laws and the small arms trade:

Fiji — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Fiji is 4,0001

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Fiji is 0.51

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Fiji ranked at No. 1762

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Fiji ranked at No. 1691

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

The number of licensed gun owners in Fiji is reported to be 1,3993

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

The rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Fiji is 0.174

Number of Registered Firearms

The number of registered guns in Fiji is reported to be 1,5385

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

The rate of registered guns per 100 people in Fiji is 0.194

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Fiji are reported to have 19,0006 firearms

Routine Arming of Police

In Fiji, police officers on routine patrol do not carry a firearm7

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

In Fiji, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

1996: 08

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

In Fiji, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

1996: 0.008

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Fiji, annual homicides by any means total

2012: 359 10
2004: 2311
2003: 25

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Fiji, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2012: 4.09 10
2008: 0.911
2004: 2.811 12
2003: 3.1
2002: 0.9012
1997: 1.74
1996: 1.68
1995: 3.12

Gun Homicides

In Fiji, annual firearm homicides total

1996: 08

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

In Fiji, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

1996: 0.008

Suicides (any method)

In Fiji, annual suicides by any means total

1996: 08

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In Fiji, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

1996: 0.008

Unintentional Gun Deaths

In Fiji, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

1996: 08

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

In Fiji, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

1996: 0.008

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Fiji, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence,13 but is not conducted in practice14

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Fiji, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law15 16 17 18 19

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Fiji is reported by Customs to be US$15420 (2011)

Firearm Imports

In Fiji, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law15 21 22 23 24 16 17 18 19

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Fiji is reported by Customs to be US$27,46720 (2011)

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Fiji is low3 17

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Fiji, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are not specifically regulated by law25 26 27

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Fiji do not include28 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Fiji is categorised as restrictive29

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Fiji includes the Arms and Ammunition Bill 200330

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Fiji are regulated by the Commissioner of Police, and the Minister of Police31 13 32 33 34 35

Right to Possess Firearms

In Fiji, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law36 37 28

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Fiji, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic weapons and those converted to have a barrel length less than 24 inches38 39

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Fiji, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited38 10

Law Regulates Handguns

In Fiji, civilian possession of handguns is regulated by law10

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Fiji, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law10

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Fiji, only licensed gun owners31 10 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Fiji are not required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm28 40

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Fiji is 21 years41

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Fiji must pass a background check which considers criminal and mental health31 10 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Fiji, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required28

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Fiji does not stipulate28 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Fiji, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required33 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Fiji, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every one year42 33

Licensing Records

In Fiji, authorities maintain a record42 33 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Fiji are permitted to possess any number of firearms28

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Fiji are permitted to possess any quantity of ammunition28

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Fiji, the law requires43 44 42 45 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Fiji, licensed firearm dealers are required46 47 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Fiji, State agencies are required43 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Fiji, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited without a permit46 47

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Fiji, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful46 47

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In Fiji, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined28

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Fiji, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated28 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Fiji include48 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Fiji include46 49 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Fiji include50 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Fiji do not include28 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Fiji, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law45 42 51

Firearm Tracing

In Fiji, state authorities carry out52 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Fiji, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are not28 recorded in a register

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Fiji, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is prohibited53 10

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Fiji, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is prohibited53 10

Gun Free Zones

In Fiji, private guns are prohibited in all public places53

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Fiji, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm54 is up to five years in prison and/or a $50,000 fine55

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

In Fiji, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2010/16: 656

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Fiji, it is not state policy57 58 59 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

Pacific Islands Forum

As a member of the Pacific Islands Forum, Fiji adopted the March, 2000 Nadi Framework agreement, which aims to harmonise small arms-related legislation across Oceania. In August 2003, the Nadi Framework’s draft model Weapons Control Bill was unanimously accepted for consideration by all 16 member states of the Pacific Islands Forum60 61

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 200862 by Fiji.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has not been signed63 by Fiji

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has not been signed64 by Fiji

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Fiji committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects65

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Fiji against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 5866 67 68 69 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Fiji has submitted one or more national reports70 71 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Fiji, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has not been designated72 71

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Fiji, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated71

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Fiji submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was not apparent71

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been donated71 by Fiji to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided71 to Fiji by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Fiji has not declared73 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Fiji has been a Member State of the United Nations since 197074

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list75 Fiji as a Participating State


Short References

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