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Estonia — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Estonia is 123,0001

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) in Estonia is 9.21 firearms per 100 people

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

In Estonia, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be 4,2002

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

In Estonia, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be 28,2002

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

In Estonia, the number of handguns in civilian possession is reported to be 10,1002

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Estonia ranked at No. 1313

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Estonia ranked at No. 651

Proportion of Households with Firearms

ChartIn Estonia, the percentage of households with one or more guns is reported to be

2004/05: 7.0%4
1999/2003: 7.4%
1995/98: 8.3%
1992/94: 7.5%

Proportion of Households with Rifles

In Estonia, the percentage of households with one or more rifles is reported to be

2005: 13%5

Proportion of Households with Shotguns

In Estonia, the percentage of households with one or more shotguns is reported to be

2005: 50%5

Proportion of Households with Handguns

ChartIn Estonia, the percentage of households with one or more handguns is reported to be

2004/05: 3.6%{q11797 }5
1999/2003: 3.5%
1995/98: 3.0%
1992/94: 1.9%

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

The number of licensed gun owners in Estonia is reported to be 31,0002

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

The rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Estonia is 2.236

Number of Registered Firearms

The number of registered guns in Estonia is reported to be 47,0001

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

The rate of registered guns per 100 people in Estonia is 3.536

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Estonia are reported to have 83,5507 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Estonia are reported to have 5,0008 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Estonia, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2012: 349 10 11 12
2011: 419 10 13 11
2010: 3414
2009: 389 10 11
2008: 269 10 13 11
2007: 249 10 11
2006: 299 10 13 11
2005: 389 10 11
2004: 36
2003: 429 10 13 11
2002: 489 10 11
2001: 45
2000: 629 10 13 11
1999: 71
1998: 829 10 13
1997: 799 10 13 11
1996: 1079 10 13
1995: 151
1994: 182

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Estonia, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2012: 2.676 12
2011: 3.206
2010: 2.5414
2009: 2.926
2008: 1.99
2007: 1.82
2006: 2.19
2005: 2.85
2004: 2.68
2003: 3.11
2002: 3.53
2001: 3.28
2000: 4.49
1999: 5.11
1998: 5.85
1997: 5.59
1996: 7.49
1995: 10.44
1994: 12.40

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Estonia, annual homicides by any means total

2011: 6515 16 17
2010: 7015 16
2009: 70
2008: 84
2007: 93
2006: 9115 18
2005: 113
2004: 9115 19
2003: 147
2002: 14215 16
2001: 137
2000: 14315 20
1999: 15720
1998: 196
1997: 17821
1996: 214
1995: 246

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Estonia, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2011: 5.015 16 17
2010: 5.415 16
2009: 5.4
2008: 6.415 16 22
2007: 7.1
2006: 6.915 18 22
2005: 8.5
2004: 6.815 19 22
2003: 11.0
2002: 10.515 16 22
2001: 10.1
2000: 10.515 20 22
1999: 11.3220 22
1998: 13.94
1997: 12.2121 22
1996: 14.60
1995: 16.58
1994: 28.2123

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Estonia, annual firearm homicides total

2014: 29
2013: 3
2012: 29 12
2011: 99
2010: 4
2009: 7
2008: 39 16
2007: 59
2006: 9
2005: 5
2004: 5
2003: 14
2002: 21
2001: 18
2000: 23
1999: 31
1998: 40
1997: 31
1996: 55
1995: 91
1994: 121

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Estonia, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.159
2013: 0.23
2012: 0.159 12
2011: 0.689
2010: 0.30
2009: 0.52
2008: 0.229 16
2007: 0.379
2006: 0.67
2005: 0.37
2004: 0.37
2003: 1.03
2002: 1.55
2001: 1.32
2000: 1.68
1999: 2.25
1998: 2.89
1997: 2.22
1996: 3.89
1995: 6.33
1994: 8.27

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Estonia, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2011: 6%17
2008: 3.9%16

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn Estonia, annual handgun homicides total

2014: 19
2013: 1
2012: 1
2011: 3
2009: 1
2007: 1
2006: 4
2005: 3
2003: 7
2002: 7
2001: 4
2000: 17
1999: 24
1998: 33
1997: 23

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Estonia, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.089
2013: 0.08
2012: 0.08
2011: 0.22
2009: 0.07
2007: 0.07
2006: 0.30
2005: 0.22
2003: 0.52
2002: 0.52
2001: 0.29
2000: 1.24
1999: 1.74
1998: 2.38
1997: 1.64

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn Estonia, annual long gun homicides total

2011: 39
2009: 1
2006: 1
2003: 2
2001: 3
2000: 2
1999: 4
1998: 5
1997: 6

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Estonia, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.229
2009: 0.07
2006: 0.07
2003: 0.15
2001: 0.22
2000: 0.15
1999: 0.29
1998: 0.36
1997: 0.43

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Estonia, annual gun homicides (other) total

2014: 19
2013: 2
2012: 1
2011: 3
2010: 4
2009: 5
2008: 3
2007: 4
2006: 4
2005: 2
2004: 5
2003: 5
2002: 14
2001: 11
2000: 4
1999: 3
1998: 2
1997: 2

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Estonia, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.08 9
2013: 0.15
2012: 0.08
2011: 0.22
2010: 0.30
2009: 0.37
2008: 0.22
2007: 0.30
2006: 0.30
2005: 0.15
2004: 0.37
2003: 0.37
2002: 1.03
2001: 0.81
2000: 0.29
1999: 0.22
1998: 0.14
1997: 0.14

Suicides (any method)

In Estonia, annual suicides by any means total

1999: 46924

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Estonia, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

1999: 35.4524
1994: 40.9525

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Estonia, annual firearm suicides total

2014: 1410
2013: 17
2012: 2810 12
2011: 2510
2010: 21
2009: 23
2008: 19
2007: 18
2006: 14
2005: 24
2004: 24
2003: 23
2002: 21
2001: 25
2000: 31
1999: 32
1998: 40
1997: 40
1996: 48
1995: 54
1994: 47

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Estonia, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 1.0710
2013: 1.29
2012: 2.1110 12
2011: 1.8710
2010: 1.57
2009: 1.72
2008: 1.42
2007: 1.34
2006: 1.04
2005: 1.78
2004: 1.78
2003: 1.7
2002: 1.55
2001: 1.83
2000: 2.26
1999: 2.33
1998: 2.89
1997: 2.86
1996: 3.39
1995: 3.76
1994: 3.21

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn Estonia, annual handgun suicides total

2014: 210
2013: 6
2012: 7
2011: 2
2010: 4
2009: 3
2008: 1
2007: 3
2006: 2
2005: 4
2004: 5
2003: 8
2002: 7
2001: 9
2000: 19
1999: 21
1998: 26
1997: 22

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Estonia, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.1510
2013: 0.46
2012: 0.53
2011: 0.15
2010: 0.30
2009: 0.22
2008: 0.07
2007: 0.22
2006: 0.15
2005: 0.30
2004: 0.37
2003: 0.59
2002: 0.52
2001: 0.66
2000: 1.39
1999: 1.53
1998: 1.88
1997: 1.57

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn Estonia, the number of long gun suicides is

2014: 210
2013: 2
2012: 7
2011: 7
2010: 7
2009: 3
2008: 3
2007: 7
2006: 5
2005: 6
2004: 11
2003: 7
2002: 7
2001: 7
2000: 6
1999: 8
1998: 9
1997: 8

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Estonia, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.1510
2013: 0.15
2012: 0.53
2011: 0.52
2010: 0.52
2009: 0.22
2008: 0.22
2007: 0.52
2006: 0.37
2005: 0.45
2004: 0.82
2003: 0.52
2002: 0.52
2001: 0.51
2000: 0.44
1999: 0.58
1998: 0.65
1997: 0.57

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn Estonia, annual gun suicides (other) total

2014: 1010
2013: 9
2012: 14
2011: 16
2010: 10
2009: 17
2008: 15
2007: 8
2006: 7
2005: 14
2004: 8
2003: 8
2002: 7
2001: 9
2000: 6
1999: 3
1998: 5
1997: 10

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Estonia, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.7610
2013: 0.68
2012: 1.05
2011: 1.19
2010: 0.75
2009: 1.27
2008: 1.12
2007: 0.60
2006: 0.52
2005: 1.04
2004: 0.59
2003: 0.59
2002: 0.52
2001: 0.66
2000: 0.44
1999: 0.22
1998: 0.36
1997: 0.71

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Estonia, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2011: 213
2010: 1
2008: 1
2006: 1
2003: 1
2000: 1
1999: 1
1998: 2
1997: 2
1996: 4
1995: 6
1994: 14

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Estonia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.1513
2010: 0.07
2008: 0.07
2006: 0.07
2003: 0.07
2000: 0.07
1999: 0.07
1998: 0.14
1997: 0.14
1996: 0.28
1995: 0.42
1994: 0.9613 26

Unintentional Handgun Deaths

ChartIn Estonia, annual unintentional shooting deaths by handgun total

2011: 113
2003: 1
1999: 1
1998: 1

Rate of Unintentional Handgun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Estonia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by handgun per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.0713
2003: 0.07
1999: 0.07
1998: 0.07

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn Estonia, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2011: 113
2000: 1
1998: 1

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Estonia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.0713
2000: 0.07
1998: 0.07

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn Estonia, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2010: 113
2008: 1
2006: 1
1997: 2

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Estonia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.0713
2008: 0.07
2006: 0.07
1997: 0.14

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Estonia, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 311
2013: 4
2012: 411 12
2011: 511
2010: 8
2009: 8
2008: 3
2007: 1
2006: 5
2005: 9
2004: 7
2003: 4
2002: 6
2001: 2
2000: 7
1999: 7
1997: 6

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Estonia, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.2311
2013: 0.30
2012: 0.30
2011: 0.37
2010: 0.60
2009: 0.60
2008: 0.22
2007: 0.07
2006: 0.37
2005: 0.67
2004: 0.52
2003: 0.30
2002: 0.44
2001: 0.15
2000: 0.51
1999: 0.51
1997: 0.43
1994: 0.6727

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Estonia, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2010: 111
2009: 1
2006: 2
2005: 2
2004: 1
2002: 1
2000: 4
1999: 3
1997: 6

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Estonia, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.0711
2009: 0.07
2006: 0.15
2005: 0.15
2004: 0.07
2002: 0.07
2000: 0.29
1999: 0.22
1997: 0.43

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Estonia, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2012: 111
2010: 2
2007: 1
2004: 2
2003: 1
2002: 1
2001: 1
2000: 2
1999: 3

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Estonia, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.0811
2010: 0.15
2007: 0.07
2004: 0.15
2003: 0.07
2002: 0.07
2001: 0.07
2000: 0.15
1999: 0.22

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Estonia, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 311
2013: 4
2012: 3
2011: 5
2010: 5
2009: 7
2008: 3
2006: 3
2005: 7
2004: 4
2003: 3
2002: 4
2001: 1
2000: 1
1999: 1

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Estonia, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.2311
2013: 0.30
2012: 0.23
2011: 0.37
2010: 0.37
2009: 0.52
2008: 0.22
2006: 0.22
2005: 0.52
2004: 0.30
2003: 0.22
2002: 0.29
2001: 0.07
2000: 0.07
1999: 0.07

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Estonia, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence, but is not conducted in practice28 29 30 2

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Regulation of Firearm Exports

In Estonia, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Estonia is reported by Customs to be US$718,49941 (2011)

Regulation of Firearm Imports

In Estonia, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law31 32 33 34 42 36 37 38 39

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Estonia is reported by Customs to be US$12,053,67541 (2011)43 44 45 46

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Estonia is moderate2

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Estonia, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law47 48

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Estonia do not include49 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Estonia is categorised as restrictive50

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Estonia includes the Weapons Act 2001,51 the Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons,52 53 the European Union Firearms Regulation of 2012 and the Common Position on the Control of Arms Brokering of 200354

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Estonia are regulated by the Government of the Republic of Estonia and the Minister of Internal Affairs, and the Police,55 56 57 and the European Commission53

Right to Possess Firearms

In Estonia, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law58 59 49

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Estonia, civilians are not allowed to possess smoothbore guns with an overall length of less than 840mm, automatic firearms, military weapons, armour-piercing, explosive, incendiary, or hollow-pointed ammunition, and silencers, laser or night sight devices60 61 62 63 64 65

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Estonia, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited60 61 64 65 17

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Estonia, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted under licence60 66 67 65

Regulation of Handguns

In Estonia, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence68 61 64 66 67 65 17

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Estonia, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law60 68 17

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Estonia, only licensed gun owners69 70 71 72 73 74 75 64 66 17 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Estonia are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, target shooting, collection, personal protection, security, and during filming or performance76 70 77 73 78 79 80

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Estonia is 18 years for sporting and hunting firearms, shotguns, gas and air-powered firearms, and 21 for all other firearms81 73 80

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Estonia must pass a background check which considers criminal, medical, mental health, addiction, and military82 83 73 84 85 57 80 17 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Estonia, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required49

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Estonia does not stipulate49 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Estonia, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required57 86 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Estonia, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every five years69 87 88

Licensing Records

In Estonia, authorities maintain a record71 61 89 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Estonia are permitted to possess a limited quantity of ammunition69 90 91

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Estonia, the law requires92 71 93 61 89 63 94 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Estonia, licensed firearm dealers are required95 93 61 89 71 94 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Estonia, licensed gun makers are required95 92 96 93 89 63 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Estonia, State agencies are required56 93 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Estonia, the private sale and transfer of firearms is permitted97 98

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Estonia, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful29 30 99 100 67

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Estonia include101 102 87 103 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Estonia include101 28 99 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Estonia include104 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Estonia include105 106 107 42 35 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Estonia, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law108 109

Firearm Tracing

In Estonia, state authorities carry out109 94 110 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Estonia, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are not49 recorded in a register

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Estonia, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is prohibited111 87 17

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Estonia, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit111 87 17

Gun Free Zones

In Estonia, private guns are prohibited in public events112

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Estonia, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm113 is up to three years in prison or a fine87

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

In Estonia, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2011: 21114

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Estonia, it is not state policy115 116 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

European Union

As a member of the European Union, Estonia is bound by the provisions of the ‘EU Firearms Directive’ – the 2007 Legislative Resolution on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons of the European Parliament117 118

European Union Export Reporting

Under the European Union Common Position on Arms Exports, Estonia is bound to declare its transfers of military technology and equipment. Independent monitoring provides detailed comparisons of arms export reporting compliance across EU member states, and records that Estonia has submitted one or more national reports119 on its arms transfers

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was not signed120 by Estonia.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified121 by Estonia

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified122 by Estonia

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Estonia committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects123

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Estonia against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 10124 125 126 127 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Estonia has submitted one or more national reports128 129 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Estonia, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated130 129

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Estonia, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has not been designated130 129

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Estonia submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was not apparent130 129

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been donated129 by Estonia to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Estonia has declared131 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Estonia has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1991132

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies lists133 Estonia as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Estonia, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Estonia ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


Short References

1.

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2.

United Nations.1999.‘Analysis of Country Responses.’ United Nations International Study on Firearm Regulation.Vienna:UN Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Division,30 August. (Q1)Full Citation

3.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q4)Full Citation

4.

van Dijk, Jan, John van Kesteren and Paul Smit.2007.‘Ownership of Firearms and Handguns in Countries and Main Cities (percentages): 1989-2005 ICVS and 2005 EU ICS.’ Criminal Victimisation in International Perspective: Key findings from the 2004-2005 ICVS and EU ICS.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime / UNODC,1 January. (Q11797)Full Citation

5.

Duquet, Nils and Maarten Van Alstein.2015.‘Percentage of Types of Firearm Possessed [by Households] in European Countries, 2004-2005.’ Firearms and Violent Deaths in Europe: An Exploratory Analysis of the Linkages Between Gun Ownership, Firearms Legislation and Violent Death.Brussels:Flemish Peace Institute,25 June. (Q12045)Full Citation

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GunPolicy.org.2014.‘Calculated Rates - Estonia.’ Historical Population Data - USCB International Data Base.Suitland, MD:US Census Bureau Population Division,30 June. (Q4233)Full Citation

7.

Karp, Aaron.2006.‘Trickle and Torrent: State stockpiles.’ Small Arms Survey 2006: Unfinished Business.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q6)Full Citation

8.

Karp, Aaron.2006.‘Trickle and Torrent: State stockpiles.’ Small Arms Survey 2006: Unfinished Business.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q7)Full Citation

9.

WHO.2016.‘Inter-country Comparison of Mortality for Selected Cause of Death - Gun Homicide in Estonia.’ European Detailed Mortality Database (DMDB).Copenhagen:World Health Organisation Regional Office for Europe,14 July. (Q6079)Full Citation

10.

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