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Estonia — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Estonia is 123,0001

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) in Estonia is 9.21 firearms per 100 people

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

In Estonia, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be 4,2002

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

In Estonia, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be 28,2002

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

In Estonia, the number of handguns in civilian possession is reported to be 10,1002

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Estonia ranked at No. 1313

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Estonia ranked at No. 651

Proportion of Households with Firearms

ChartIn Estonia, the percentage of households with one or more guns is reported to be

2004/05: 7.0%4
1999/2003: 7.4%
1995/98: 8.3%
1992/94: 7.5%

Proportion of Households with Handguns

ChartIn Estonia, the percentage of households with one or more handguns is reported to be

2004/05: 3.6%4
1999/2003: 3.5%
1995/98: 3.0%
1992/94: 1.9%

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

The number of licensed gun owners in Estonia is reported to be 31,0002

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

The rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Estonia is 2.235

Number of Registered Firearms

The number of registered guns in Estonia is reported to be 47,0001

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

The rate of registered guns per 100 people in Estonia is 3.535

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Estonia are reported to have 83,5506 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Estonia are reported to have 5,0007 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Estonia, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 198 9 10
2013: 24
2012: 348 9 10 11
2011: 418 9 12 10
2010: 3413
2009: 388 9 10
2008: 268 9 12 10
2007: 248 9 10
2006: 298 9 12 10
2005: 388 9 10
2004: 36
2003: 428 9 12 10
2002: 488 9 10
2001: 45
2000: 628 9 12 10
1999: 71
1998: 828 9 12
1997: 798 9 12 10
1996: 1078 9 12
1995: 151
1994: 182

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Estonia, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 1.495
2013: 1.88
2012: 2.645 11
2011: 3.165
2010: 2.5413
2009: 2.915
2008: 1.98
2007: 1.82
2006: 2.19
2005: 2.85
2004: 2.69
2003: 3.11
2002: 3.53
2001: 3.29
2000: 4.49
1999: 5.11
1998: 5.85
1997: 5.59
1996: 7.49
1995: 10.44
1994: 12.40

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Estonia, annual homicides by any means total

2011: 6514 15 16
2010: 7014 15
2009: 70
2008: 84
2007: 93
2006: 9114 17
2005: 113
2004: 9114 18
2003: 147
2002: 14214 15
2001: 137
2000: 14314 19
1999: 15719
1998: 196
1997: 17820
1996: 214
1995: 246

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Estonia, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2011: 5.014 15 16
2010: 5.414 15
2009: 5.4
2008: 6.414 15 21
2007: 7.1
2006: 6.914 17 21
2005: 8.5
2004: 6.814 18 21
2003: 11.0
2002: 10.514 15 21
2001: 10.1
2000: 10.514 19 21
1999: 11.3219 21
1998: 13.94
1997: 12.2120 21
1996: 14.60
1995: 16.58
1994: 28.2122

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Estonia, annual firearm homicides total

2014: 28
2013: 3
2012: 28 11
2011: 98
2010: 4
2009: 7
2008: 38 15
2007: 58
2006: 9
2005: 5
2004: 5
2003: 14
2002: 21
2001: 18
2000: 23
1999: 31
1998: 40
1997: 31
1996: 55
1995: 91
1994: 121

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Estonia, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.158
2013: 0.23
2012: 0.158 11
2011: 0.688
2010: 0.30
2009: 0.52
2008: 0.228 15
2007: 0.378
2006: 0.67
2005: 0.37
2004: 0.37
2003: 1.03
2002: 1.55
2001: 1.32
2000: 1.68
1999: 2.25
1998: 2.89
1997: 2.22
1996: 3.89
1995: 6.33
1994: 8.27

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Estonia, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2011: 6%16
2008: 3.9%15

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn Estonia, annual handgun homicides total

2014: 18
2013: 1
2012: 1
2011: 3
2009: 1
2007: 1
2006: 4
2005: 3
2003: 7
2002: 7
2001: 4
2000: 17
1999: 24
1998: 33
1997: 23

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Estonia, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.088
2013: 0.08
2012: 0.08
2011: 0.22
2009: 0.07
2007: 0.07
2006: 0.30
2005: 0.22
2003: 0.52
2002: 0.52
2001: 0.29
2000: 1.24
1999: 1.74
1998: 2.38
1997: 1.64

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn Estonia, annual long gun homicides total

2011: 38
2009: 1
2006: 1
2003: 2
2001: 3
2000: 2
1999: 4
1998: 5
1997: 6

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Estonia, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.228
2009: 0.07
2006: 0.07
2003: 0.15
2001: 0.22
2000: 0.15
1999: 0.29
1998: 0.36
1997: 0.43

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Estonia, annual gun homicides (other) total

2014: 18
2013: 2
2012: 1
2011: 3
2010: 4
2009: 5
2008: 3
2007: 4
2006: 4
2005: 2
2004: 5
2003: 5
2002: 14
2001: 11
2000: 4
1999: 3
1998: 2
1997: 2

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Estonia, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.08 8
2013: 0.15
2012: 0.08
2011: 0.22
2010: 0.30
2009: 0.37
2008: 0.22
2007: 0.30
2006: 0.30
2005: 0.15
2004: 0.37
2003: 0.37
2002: 1.03
2001: 0.81
2000: 0.29
1999: 0.22
1998: 0.14
1997: 0.14

Suicides (any method)

In Estonia, annual suicides by any means total

1999: 46923

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Estonia, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

1999: 35.4523
1994: 40.9524

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Estonia, annual firearm suicides total

2014: 149
2013: 17
2012: 289 11
2011: 259
2010: 21
2009: 23
2008: 19
2007: 18
2006: 14
2005: 24
2004: 24
2003: 23
2002: 21
2001: 25
2000: 31
1999: 32
1998: 40
1997: 40
1996: 48
1995: 54
1994: 47

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Estonia, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 1.079
2013: 1.29
2012: 2.119 11
2011: 1.879
2010: 1.57
2009: 1.72
2008: 1.42
2007: 1.34
2006: 1.04
2005: 1.78
2004: 1.78
2003: 1.7
2002: 1.55
2001: 1.83
2000: 2.26
1999: 2.33
1998: 2.89
1997: 2.86
1996: 3.39
1995: 3.76
1994: 3.21

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn Estonia, annual handgun suicides total

2014: 29
2013: 6
2012: 7
2011: 2
2010: 4
2009: 3
2008: 1
2007: 3
2006: 2
2005: 4
2004: 5
2003: 8
2002: 7
2001: 9
2000: 19
1999: 21
1998: 26
1997: 22

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Estonia, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.159
2013: 0.46
2012: 0.53
2011: 0.15
2010: 0.30
2009: 0.22
2008: 0.07
2007: 0.22
2006: 0.15
2005: 0.30
2004: 0.37
2003: 0.59
2002: 0.52
2001: 0.66
2000: 1.39
1999: 1.53
1998: 1.88
1997: 1.57

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn Estonia, the number of long gun suicides is

2014: 29
2013: 2
2012: 7
2011: 7
2010: 7
2009: 3
2008: 3
2007: 7
2006: 5
2005: 6
2004: 11
2003: 7
2002: 7
2001: 7
2000: 6
1999: 8
1998: 9
1997: 8

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Estonia, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.159
2013: 0.15
2012: 0.53
2011: 0.52
2010: 0.52
2009: 0.22
2008: 0.22
2007: 0.52
2006: 0.37
2005: 0.45
2004: 0.82
2003: 0.52
2002: 0.52
2001: 0.51
2000: 0.44
1999: 0.58
1998: 0.65
1997: 0.57

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn Estonia, annual gun suicides (other) total

2014: 109
2013: 9
2012: 14
2011: 16
2010: 10
2009: 17
2008: 15
2007: 8
2006: 7
2005: 14
2004: 8
2003: 8
2002: 7
2001: 9
2000: 6
1999: 3
1998: 5
1997: 10

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Estonia, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.769
2013: 0.68
2012: 1.05
2011: 1.19
2010: 0.75
2009: 1.27
2008: 1.12
2007: 0.60
2006: 0.52
2005: 1.04
2004: 0.59
2003: 0.59
2002: 0.52
2001: 0.66
2000: 0.44
1999: 0.22
1998: 0.36
1997: 0.71

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Estonia, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2011: 212
2010: 1
2008: 1
2006: 1
2003: 1
2000: 1
1999: 1
1998: 2
1997: 2
1996: 4
1995: 6
1994: 14

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Estonia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.1512
2010: 0.07
2008: 0.07
2006: 0.07
2003: 0.07
2000: 0.07
1999: 0.07
1998: 0.14
1997: 0.14
1996: 0.28
1995: 0.42
1994: 0.9612 25

Unintentional Handgun Deaths

ChartIn Estonia, annual unintentional shooting deaths by handgun total

2011: 112
2003: 1
1999: 1
1998: 1

Rate of Unintentional Handgun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Estonia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by handgun per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.0712
2003: 0.07
1999: 0.07
1998: 0.07

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn Estonia, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2011: 112
2000: 1
1998: 1

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Estonia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.0712
2000: 0.07
1998: 0.07

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn Estonia, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2010: 112
2008: 1
2006: 1
1997: 2

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Estonia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.0712
2008: 0.07
2006: 0.07
1997: 0.14

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Estonia, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 310
2013: 4
2012: 410 11
2011: 510
2010: 8
2009: 8
2008: 3
2007: 1
2006: 5
2005: 9
2004: 7
2003: 4
2002: 6
2001: 2
2000: 7
1999: 7
1997: 6

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Estonia, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.2310
2013: 0.30
2012: 0.30
2011: 0.37
2010: 0.60
2009: 0.60
2008: 0.22
2007: 0.07
2006: 0.37
2005: 0.67
2004: 0.52
2003: 0.30
2002: 0.44
2001: 0.15
2000: 0.51
1999: 0.51
1997: 0.43
1994: 0.6726

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Estonia, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2010: 110
2009: 1
2006: 2
2005: 2
2004: 1
2002: 1
2000: 4
1999: 3
1997: 6

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Estonia, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.0710
2009: 0.07
2006: 0.15
2005: 0.15
2004: 0.07
2002: 0.07
2000: 0.29
1999: 0.22
1997: 0.43

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Estonia, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2012: 110
2010: 2
2007: 1
2004: 2
2003: 1
2002: 1
2001: 1
2000: 2
1999: 3

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Estonia, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.0810
2010: 0.15
2007: 0.07
2004: 0.15
2003: 0.07
2002: 0.07
2001: 0.07
2000: 0.15
1999: 0.22

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Estonia, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 310
2013: 4
2012: 3
2011: 5
2010: 5
2009: 7
2008: 3
2006: 3
2005: 7
2004: 4
2003: 3
2002: 4
2001: 1
2000: 1
1999: 1

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Estonia, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.2310
2013: 0.30
2012: 0.23
2011: 0.37
2010: 0.37
2009: 0.52
2008: 0.22
2006: 0.22
2005: 0.52
2004: 0.30
2003: 0.22
2002: 0.29
2001: 0.07
2000: 0.07
1999: 0.07

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Estonia, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence,27 28 29 but is not conducted in practice 30

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Estonia, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Estonia is reported by Customs to be US$718,49943 (2011)

Firearm Imports

In Estonia, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law31 32 33 34 44 36 37 38 39 40 41

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Estonia is reported by Customs to be US$12,053,67543 (2011)45 46 47 48

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Estonia is moderate2

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Estonia, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law49 50 51

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Estonia include52 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Estonia is categorised as restrictive53

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Estonia includes the Weapons Act 2001,54 the Strategic Goods Act,36 49 the Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons,55 56 the European Union Firearms Regulation of 2012 and the Common Position on the Control of Arms Brokering of 200357

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Estonia are regulated by the Government of the Republic of Estonia and the Minister of Internal Affairs, and the Police,58 59 60 and the European Commission56

Right to Possess Firearms

In Estonia, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law61 62 63

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Estonia, civilians are not allowed to possess smoothbore guns with an overall length of less than 840mm, automatic firearms, military weapons, armour-piercing, explosive, incendiary, or hollow-pointed ammunition, and silencers, laser or night sight devices64 65 66 67 68 69

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Estonia, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited64 65 68 69 16

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Estonia, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted under licence64 70 71 69

Regulation of Handguns

In Estonia, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence72 65 68 70 71 69 16

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Estonia, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law64 72 16

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Estonia, only licensed gun owners73 74 75 76 77 78 79 68 70 16 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Estonia are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, target shooting, collection, personal protection, security, and during filming or performance80 74 81 77 82 83 84

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Estonia is 18 years for sporting and hunting firearms, shotguns, gas and air-powered firearms, and 21 for all other firearms85 77 84

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Estonia must pass a background check which considers criminal, medical, mental health, addiction, and military86 87 77 88 89 60 84 16 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Estonia, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required63

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Estonia does not stipulate63 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Estonia, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required60 90 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Estonia, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every five years73 91 92

Licensing Records

In Estonia, authorities maintain a record75 65 93 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Estonia are permitted to possess a limited quantity of ammunition73 94 95

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Estonia, the law requires96 75 97 65 93 67 98 99 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Estonia, licensed firearm dealers are required100 97 65 93 75 99 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Estonia, licensed gun makers are required100 96 101 97 93 67 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Estonia, State agencies are required59 97 98 102 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Estonia, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited unless with a special permit and conducted by a police officer103 104

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Estonia, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful28 29 105 106 71

Background Checks for Private Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm in a private sale in Estonia is obliged86 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Background Checks for Dealer Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm from a licensed gun dealer in Estonia is obliged86 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Estonia include107 108 91 109 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Estonia include107 27 105 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Estonia include102 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Estonia include110 111 112 44 35 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Estonia, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law113 98 114 115 116

Firearm Tracing

In Estonia, state authorities carry out117 115 99 118 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Estonia, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are not63 recorded in a register

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Estonia, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is prohibited119 91 16

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Estonia, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit119 91 16

Gun Free Zones

In Estonia, private guns are prohibited in public events120

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Estonia, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm121 is up to three years in prison or a fine91 49 122 123

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Estonia, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2011: 21124 125
2009/14: 95126

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Estonia, it is not state policy127 128 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

European Union

As a member of the European Union, Estonia is bound by the provisions of the ‘EU Firearms Directive’ – the 2007 Legislative Resolution on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons of the European Parliament129 130

European Union Export Reporting

Under the European Union Common Position on Arms Exports, Estonia is bound to declare its transfers of military technology and equipment. Independent monitoring provides detailed comparisons of arms export reporting compliance across EU member states, and records that Estonia has submitted one or more national reports131 on its arms transfers

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was not signed132 by Estonia.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified133 by Estonia

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified134 by Estonia

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Estonia committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects135

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Estonia against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 10136 137 138 139 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Estonia has submitted one or more national reports140 141 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Estonia, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated142 141

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Estonia, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has not been designated142 141

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Estonia submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was not apparent142 141

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been donated141 by Estonia to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Estonia has declared143 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Estonia has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1991144

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies lists145 Estonia as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Estonia, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Estonia ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


Short References

1.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms - Annexe online.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q5)Full Citation

2.

United Nations.1999.‘Analysis of Country Responses.’ United Nations International Study on Firearm Regulation.Vienna:UN Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Division,30 August. (Q1)Full Citation

3.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q4)Full Citation

4.

van Dijk, Jan, John van Kesteren and Paul Smit.2007.‘Ownership of Firearms and Handguns in Countries and Main Cities (percentages): 1989-2005 ICVS and 2005 EU ICS.’ Criminal Victimisation in International Perspective: Key findings from the 2004-2005 ICVS and EU ICS.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime / UNODC,1 January. (Q11797)Full Citation

5.

GunPolicy.org.2016.‘Calculated Rates - Estonia.’ Historical Population Data - USCB International Data Base.Suitland, MD:US Census Bureau Population Division,2 August. (Q4233)Full Citation

6.

Karp, Aaron.2006.‘Trickle and Torrent: State stockpiles.’ Small Arms Survey 2006: Unfinished Business.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q6)Full Citation

7.

Karp, Aaron.2006.‘Trickle and Torrent: State stockpiles.’ Small Arms Survey 2006: Unfinished Business.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q7)Full Citation

8.

WHO.2016.‘Inter-country Comparison of Mortality for Selected Cause of Death - Gun Homicide in Estonia.’ European Detailed Mortality Database (DMDB).Copenhagen:World Health Organisation Regional Office for Europe,14 July. (Q6079)Full Citation

9.

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