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England & Wales — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

For combined British figures and legislation, see 'United Kingdom'

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in England & Wales is 3,400,0001

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) in England & Wales is 6.21 firearms per 100 people

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

In England & Wales, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be 477,8882

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

In England & Wales, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be 1,328,6473

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, England & Wales ranked at No. 224

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, England & Wales ranked at No. 881

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

The number of licensed gun owners in England & Wales is reported to be 704,5163 2

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

The rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in England & Wales is 1.255

Number of Registered Firearms

The number of registered guns in England & Wales is reported to be 1,806,5353 2

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

The rate of registered guns per 100 people in England & Wales is 3.225

Government Guns

Routine Arming of Police

In England & Wales, police officers on routine patrol do not carry a firearm6 7 8

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in England & Wales are reported to have 35,0009 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn England & Wales, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2011: 12410
2010: 13111
2009: 12612
2008: 13013
2007: 9814
2006: 17015
2005: 12016
2004: 11417
2003: 13218
2002: 13519
2001: 13320
2000: 16221
1999: 15922
1998: 13523
1997: 13424
1996: 15425
1995: 19826

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn England & Wales, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.225
2010: 0.24
2009: 0.23
2008: 0.24
2007: 0.18
2006: 0.32
2005: 0.22
2004: 0.21
2003: 0.25
2002: 0.26
2001: 0.25
2000: 0.31
1999: 0.31
1998: 0.26
1997: 0.26
1996: 0.30
1995: 0.39

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn England & Wales, annual homicides by any means total

2011/12: 54027 28
2010/11: 63629 30 28
2009/10: 60829 30 31 28
2008/09: 64029 31 28
2007/08: 734
2006/07: 712
2005/06: 708
2004/05: 780
2003/04: 772
2002/03: 942
2001/02: 793
2000/01: 764
1999/00: 671
1998/99: 640
1997/98: 604
1997: 60829 32 28
1996: 586
1995: 662

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn England & Wales, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2011/12: 0.9727 28
2010/11: 1.1529 28
2009/10: 1.11
2008/09: 1.18
2007/08: 1.36
2006/07: 1.33
2005/06: 1.33
2004/05: 1.47
2003/04: 1.46
2002/03: 1.79
2001/02: 1.52
2000/01: 1.44
1999/00: 1.27
1998/99: 1.22
1997: 1.18
1997/98: 1.16
1996: 1.14
1995: 1.30
1992: 0.5533

Gun Homicides

ChartIn England & Wales, annual firearm homicides total

2011: 3110
2010: 2811 34
2009: 2012 34 28
2008: 2713 34 35 28
2007: 314 34 35 28
2006: 4315 34 35 28
2005: 2016 34 35 28
2004: 1817 34 35 28
2003: 1818 34 35 28
2002: 3319 34 35
2001: 3120 34 35 28
2000: 2921 34 35
1999: 2322 35 28
1998: 1023 35 28
1997: 2824 36 28
1996: 2525 28
1995: 2626 28

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn England & Wales, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.0610
2010: 0.0511
2009: 0.0412 28
2008: 0.0513 28
2007: 0.0114 28
2006: 0.0815 28
2005: 0.0416 28
2004: 0.0317 28
2003: 0.0318 28
2002: 0.0619
2001: 0.0620 28
2000: 0.0621
1999: 0.0422 28
1998: 0.0223 28
1997: 0.0524 28
1996: 0.0525 28
1995: 0.0526 28
1992: 0.0737 28

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn England & Wales, annual handgun homicides total

2010/11: 4438
2009/10: 3439
2008: 113 40
2007/08: 4141
2006: 115 42
2005/06: 2943
1999: 122

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn England & Wales, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.085
2009: 0.06
2008: 0.0013
2007: 0.085
2006: 0.0015
2005: 0.055
1999: 0.0022

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn England & Wales, annual long gun homicides total

2011: 1010
2010: 611 38
2009: 212 39
2008: 313 40
2007: 314 41
2006: 515 42
2005: 216 43
2004: 517
2003: 518
2002: 619
2001: 720
2000: 721
1999: 522

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn England & Wales, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.0210
2010: 0.0111
2009: 0.0012
2008: 0.0113
2007: 0.0114
2006: 0.0115
2005: 0.0016
2004: 0.0117
2003: 0.0118
2002: 0.0119
2001: 0.0120
2000: 0.0121
1999: 0.0122

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn England & Wales, annual gun homicides (other) total

2011: 2110
2010: 2211 38
2009: 1812 39
2008: 2313 40
2007/08: 041
2006: 3715 42
2005: 1816 43
2004: 1317
2003: 1318
2002: 2719
2001: 2420
2000: 2221
1999: 1722
1997: 2224
1996: 1925
1995: 2026

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn England & Wales, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.0410
2010: 0.0411
2009: 0.0312
2008: 0.0413
2007: 0.005
2006: 0.0715
2005: 0.0316
2004: 0.0217
2003: 0.0218
2002: 0.0519
2001: 0.0520
2000: 0.0421
1999: 0.0322
1997: 0.0424
1996: 0.0425
1995: 0.0426

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn England & Wales, annual suicides by any means total

2011: 4,87144
2010: 4,517
2009: 4,675
2008: 4,587
2007: 4,306
2006: 4,504
2005: 4,702
2004: 4,871
2003: 4,796
2002: 4,751
2001: 4,891
2000: 5,069
1999: 5,233
1998: 5,332
1997: 4,814
1996: 4,898
1995: 5,111
1994: 5,068
1993: 5,165
1992: 5,458
1991: 5,467
1990: 5,523

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn England & Wales, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2011: 10.744
2010: 10.0
2009: 10.4
2008: 10.3
2007: 9.7
2006: 10.2
2005: 10.8
2004: 11.2
2003: 11.1
2002: 11.1
2001: 11.5
2000: 12.0
1999: 12.4
1998: 12.8
1997: 11.5
1996: 11.7
1995: 12.3
1994: 12.1
1993: 12.5
1992: 13.2
1991: 13.3
1990: 13.4

Gun Suicides

ChartIn England & Wales, annual firearm suicides total

2011: 8310
2010: 8311
2009: 8412
2008: 8913
2007: 8414
2006: 11015
2005: 8816
2004: 8117
2003: 10218
2002: 8319
2001: 9320
2000: 10721
1999: 11522 45
1998: 10723
1997: 10624
1996: 10725
1995: 13426

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn England & Wales, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.1510
2010: 0.1511
2009: 0.1512
2008: 0.1613
2007: 0.1514
2006: 0.2015
2005: 0.1616
2004: 0.1517
2003: 0.1918
2002: 0.1619
2001: 0.1820
2000: 0.2021
1999: 0.2222 45
1998: 0.2123
1997: 0.2124
1996: 0.2125
1995: 0.2626
1992: 0.3346

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn England & Wales, annual handgun suicides total

2008: 313
2007: 114
2006: 115
2003: 318
2002: 119
2001: 120
2000: 221

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn England & Wales, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2008: 0.0113
2007: 0.0014
2006: 0.0015
2003: 0.0118
2002: 0.0019
2001: 0.0020
2000: 0.0021

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn England & Wales, the number of long gun suicides is

2011: 3710
2010: 4411
2009: 4212
2008: 4613
2007: 4414
2006: 6115
2005: 4116
2004: 4117
2003: 5018
2002: 4019
2001: 5020
2000: 5821
1999: 7522
1998: 5923
1997: 5024
1996: 5525
1995: 6426

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn England & Wales, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.0710
2010: 0.0811
2009: 0.0812
2008: 0.0813
2007: 0.0814
2006: 0.1115
2005: 0.0816
2004: 0.0817
2003: 0.0918
2002: 0.0819
2001: 0.1020
2000: 0.1121
1999: 0.1422
1998: 0.1123
1997: 0.1024
1996: 0.1125
1995: 0.1226

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn England & Wales, annual gun suicides (other) total

2011: 4610
2010: 3911
2009: 4212
2008: 4013
2007: 3914
2006: 4815
2005: 4716
2004: 4017
2003: 4918
2002: 4219
2001: 4220
2000: 4621
1999: 4022
1998: 4623
1997: 5524
1996: 5025
1995: 6426

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn England & Wales, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.0810
2010: 0.0711
2009: 0.0812
2008: 0.0713
2007: 0.0714
2006: 0.0915
2005: 0.0916
2004: 0.0817
2003: 0.0918
2002: 0.0819
2001: 0.0820
2000: 0.0921
1999: 0.0822
1998: 0.0923
1997: 0.1124
1996: 0.1025
1995: 0.1226

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn England & Wales, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2011: 110
2010: 811
2009: 1112
2008: 513
2007: 214
2006: 315
2005: 116
2004: 217
2003: 318
2002: 119
2001: 220
2000: 1121
1999: 622 45
1995: 1026

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn England & Wales, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.0010
2010: 0.0111
2009: 0.0212
2008: 0.0113
2007: 0.0014
2006: 0.0115
2005: 0.0016
2004: 0.0017
2003: 0.0118
2002: 0.0019
2001: 0.0020
2000: 0.0221
1999: 0.0122 45
1995: 0.0226
1992: 0.0147

Unintentional Handgun Deaths

ChartIn England & Wales, annual unintentional shooting deaths by handgun total

2006: 115
2000: 221

Rate of Unintentional Handgun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn England & Wales, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by handgun per 100,000 population is

2006: 0.0015
2000: 0.0021

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn England & Wales, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2010: 311
2009: 512
2008: 313
2005: 116
2003: 118
2002: 119
2001: 120
2000: 321
1999: 222

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn England & Wales, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.0111
2009: 0.0112
2008: 0.0113
2005: 0.0016
2003: 0.0018
2002: 0.0019
2001: 0.0020
2000: 0.0121
1999: 0.0022

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn England & Wales, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2011: 110
2010: 511
2009: 612
2008: 213
2007: 214
2006: 215
2004: 217
2003: 218
2001: 120
2000: 421
1999: 422

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn England & Wales, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (Other) per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.0010
2010: 0.0111
2009: 0.0112
2008: 0.0013
2007: 0.0014
2006: 0.0015
2004: 0.0017
2003: 0.0018
2001: 0.0020
2000: 0.0121
1999: 0.0122

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn England & Wales, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2011: 710
2010: 811
2009: 812
2008: 713
2007: 914
2006: 1215
2005: 1016
2004: 1317
2003: 918
2002: 1819
2001: 720
2000: 1521
1999: 1522
1998: 1823
1996: 2225
1995: 2826

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn England & Wales, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.0110
2010: 0.0111
2009: 0.0112
2008: 0.0113
2007: 0.0214
2006: 0.0215
2005: 0.0216
2004: 0.0217
2003: 0.0218
2002: 0.0319
2001: 0.0120
2000: 0.0321
1999: 0.0345
1998: 0.0323
1996: 0.0425
1995: 0.0526
1992: 0.0448

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn England & Wales, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2003: 118
2002: 119

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn England & Wales, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2003: 0.0018
2002: 0.0019

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn England & Wales, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2011: 510
2010: 411
2009: 412
2008: 313
2007: 114
2006: 315
2005: 616
2004: 617
2003: 318
2002: 1219
2001: 620
2000: 421
1999: 722
1996: 1225

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn England & Wales, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.0110
2010: 0.0111
2009: 0.0112
2008: 0.0113
2007: 0.0014
2006: 0.0115
2005: 0.0116
2004: 0.0117
2003: 0.0118
2002: 0.0219
2001: 0.0120
2000: 0.0121
1999: 0.0122
1996: 0.0225

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn England & Wales, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2011: 210
2010: 411
2009: 412
2008: 413
2007: 814
2006: 915
2005: 416
2004: 717
2003: 518
2002: 519
2001: 120
2000: 1121
1999: 722
1998: 1023
1996: 1025
1995: 1826

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn England & Wales, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (Other) per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.0010
2010: 0.0111
2009: 0.0112
2008: 0.0113
2007: 0.0114
2006: 0.0215
2005: 0.0116
2004: 0.0117
2003: 0.0118
2002: 0.0119
2001: 0.0020
2000: 0.0221
1999: 0.0122
1998: 0.0223
1996: 0.0225
1995: 0.0426

Justifiable Gun Homicides

ChartIn England & Wales, annual legal-intervention gun homicides total

2011: 210
2010: 411
2009: 312
2008: 213
2006: 215
2005: 116

Non-fatal Gun Injuries

ChartIn England & Wales, the reported, or estimated annual number of non-fatal firearm injuries49 is

2010/11: 1,89150
2009/10: 1,874
2008/09: 1,722
2007/08: 3,188
2006/07: 2,955
2005/06: 3,773
2004/05: 3,828
2003/04: 2,299
2002/03: 2,099
2001/02: 1,783
2000/01: 1,310

Rate of Non-fatal Gun Injury per 100,000 People

ChartIn England & Wales, the reported, or estimated annual rate or proportion of non-fatal firearm injury49 is

2010: 3.405
2009: 3.39
2008: 3.14
2007: 5.86
2006: 5.48
2005: 7.04
2004: 7.20
2003: 4.35
2002: 3.99
2001: 3.41
2000: 2.51

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in England & Wales includes the Firearms Act 1968 (see United Kingdom)51

Right to Possess Firearms

In England & Wales, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law52

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In England & Wales, the law requires3 2 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Sales and Transfers

Number of Licensed Gun Dealers

ChartThe number of licensed firearm dealers in England & Wales is reported to be

2011/12: 3,41753
2010/11: 3,205
2008/09: 2,840
2007/08: 2,792
2005/06: 2,030
2004/05: 1,970
2003/04: 1,950
2002/03: 1,970
2001: 1,960
2000: 2,070
1999: 2,090
1998: 2,180
1997: 2,400
1996: 2,490
1995: 2,470

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Surrendered in Gun Amnesty

In England & Wales, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered in recent arms amnesty and collection programmes is reported to be 40,50754 (2003)

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In England & Wales, it is state policy55 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market


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