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Armed violence prevention, gun control laws and the small arms trade:

England & Wales — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

For combined British figures and legislation, see 'United Kingdom'

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in England & Wales is 3,400,0001

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) in England & Wales is 6.21 firearms per 100 people

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

In England & Wales, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be 477,8882

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

In England & Wales, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be 1,328,6473

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, England & Wales ranked at No. 224

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, England & Wales ranked at No. 881

Proportion of Households with Firearms

ChartIn England & Wales, the percentage of households with one or more guns is reported to be

2004/05: 6.1%5
1999/2003: 3.1%
1995/98: 3.9%
1992: 4.4%6
1992/94: 4.2%5
1989: 4.7%

Proportion of Households with Rifles

In England & Wales, the percentage of households with one or more rifles is reported to be

1992: 0.6%6

Proportion of Households with Shotguns

In England & Wales, the percentage of households with one or more shotguns is reported to be

1992: 3.1%6

Proportion of Households with Handguns

ChartIn England & Wales, the percentage of households with one or more handguns is reported to be

2004/05: 0.5%5
1999/2003: 0.1%
1995/98: 0.5%
1992/94: 0.6%5 6
1989: 0.4%

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

ChartThe number of licensed gun owners in England & Wales is reported to be

2014: 734,3367
2011/12: 704,5163 2

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in England & Wales is

2014: 1.288
2011/12: 1.25

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in England & Wales is reported to be

2014: 1,837,2437
2011/12: 1,806,5353 2

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in England & Wales is

2014: 3.208
2011/12: 3.22

Government Guns

Routine Arming of Police

In England & Wales, police officers on routine patrol do not carry a firearm9 10 11

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in England & Wales are reported to have 35,00012 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn England & Wales, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2011: 12413
2010: 13114
2009: 12615
2008: 13016
2007: 9817
2006: 17018
2005: 12019
2004: 11420
2003: 13221
2002: 13522
2001: 13323
2000: 16224
1999: 15925
1998: 13526
1997: 13427
1996: 15428
1995: 19829

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn England & Wales, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.228
2010: 0.24
2009: 0.23
2008: 0.24
2007: 0.18
2006: 0.32
2005: 0.22
2004: 0.21
2003: 0.25
2002: 0.26
2001: 0.25
2000: 0.31
1999: 0.31
1998: 0.26
1997: 0.26
1996: 0.30
1995: 0.39

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn England & Wales, annual homicides by any means total

2011/12: 54030 31
2010/11: 63632 33 31
2009/10: 60832 33 34 31
2008/09: 64032 34 31
2007/08: 734
2006/07: 712
2005/06: 708
2004/05: 780
2003/04: 772
2002/03: 942
2001/02: 793
2000/01: 764
1999/00: 671
1998/99: 640
1997/98: 604
1997: 60832 35 31
1996: 586
1995: 662

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn England & Wales, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2011/12: 0.9730 31
2010/11: 1.1532 31
2009/10: 1.11
2008/09: 1.18
2007/08: 1.36
2006/07: 1.33
2005/06: 1.33
2004/05: 1.47
2003/04: 1.46
2002/03: 1.79
2001/02: 1.52
2000/01: 1.44
1999/00: 1.27
1998/99: 1.22
1997: 1.18
1997/98: 1.16
1996: 1.14
1995: 1.30
1992: 0.5536

Gun Homicides

ChartIn England & Wales, annual firearm homicides total

2011: 3113
2010: 2814 37
2009: 2015 37 31
2008: 2716 37 38 31
2007: 317 37 38 31
2006: 4318 37 38 31
2005: 2019 37 38 31
2004: 1820 37 38 31
2003: 1821 37 38 31
2002: 3322 37 38
2001: 3123 37 38 31
2000: 2924 37 38
1999: 2325 38 31
1998: 1026 38 31
1997: 2827 39 31
1996: 2528 31
1995: 2629 31

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn England & Wales, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.0613
2010: 0.0514
2009: 0.0415 31
2008: 0.0516 31
2007: 0.0117 31
2006: 0.0818 31
2005: 0.0419 31
2004: 0.0320 31
2003: 0.0321 31
2002: 0.0622
2001: 0.0623 31
2000: 0.0624
1999: 0.0425 31
1998: 0.0226 31
1997: 0.0527 31
1996: 0.0528 31
1995: 0.0529 31
1992: 0.0740 31

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn England & Wales, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2011: 7%41
2010: 10%
2009: 7%41
2008: 6%
2007: 7%
2006: 8%
2001: 10.8%31
2000/01: 9%42
1999: 8.1%
1998: 6.5%
1997: 8.0%
1996: 7.2%
1995: 9.3%

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn England & Wales, annual handgun homicides total

2010/11: 4443
2009/10: 3444
2008: 116 45
2007/08: 4146
2006: 118 47
2005/06: 2948
1999: 125

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn England & Wales, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.088
2009: 0.06
2008: 0.0016
2007: 0.088
2006: 0.0018
2005: 0.058
1999: 0.0025

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn England & Wales, annual long gun homicides total

2011: 1013
2010: 614 43
2009: 215 44
2008: 316 45
2007: 317 46
2006: 518 47
2005: 219 48
2004: 520
2003: 521
2002: 622
2001: 723
2000: 724
1999: 525

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn England & Wales, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.0213
2010: 0.0114
2009: 0.0015
2008: 0.0116
2007: 0.0117
2006: 0.0118
2005: 0.0019
2004: 0.0120
2003: 0.0121
2002: 0.0122
2001: 0.0123
2000: 0.0124
1999: 0.0125

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn England & Wales, annual gun homicides (other) total

2011: 2113
2010: 2214 43
2009: 1815 44
2008: 2316 45
2007/08: 046
2006: 3718 47
2005: 1819 48
2004: 1320
2003: 1321
2002: 2722
2001: 2423
2000: 2224
1999: 1725
1997: 2227
1996: 1928
1995: 2029

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn England & Wales, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.0413
2010: 0.0414
2009: 0.0315
2008: 0.0416
2007: 0.008
2006: 0.0718
2005: 0.0319
2004: 0.0220
2003: 0.0221
2002: 0.0522
2001: 0.0523
2000: 0.0424
1999: 0.0325
1997: 0.0427
1996: 0.0428
1995: 0.0429

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn England & Wales, annual suicides by any means total

2011: 4,87149
2010: 4,517
2009: 4,675
2008: 4,587
2007: 4,306
2006: 4,504
2005: 4,702
2004: 4,871
2003: 4,796
2002: 4,751
2001: 4,891
2000: 5,069
1999: 5,233
1998: 5,332
1997: 4,814
1996: 4,898
1995: 5,111
1994: 5,068
1993: 5,165
1992: 5,458
1991: 5,467
1990: 5,523

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn England & Wales, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2011: 10.749
2010: 10.0
2009: 10.4
2008: 10.3
2007: 9.7
2006: 10.2
2005: 10.8
2004: 11.2
2003: 11.1
2002: 11.1
2001: 11.5
2000: 12.0
1999: 12.4
1998: 12.8
1997: 11.5
1996: 11.7
1995: 12.3
1994: 12.1
1993: 12.5
1992: 13.2
1991: 13.3
1990: 13.4

Gun Suicides

ChartIn England & Wales, annual firearm suicides total

2011: 8313
2010: 8314
2009: 8415
2008: 8916
2007: 8417
2006: 11018
2005: 8819
2004: 8120
2003: 10221
2002: 8322
2001: 9323
2000: 10724
1999: 11525 50
1998: 10726
1997: 10627
1996: 10728
1995: 13429

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn England & Wales, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.1513
2010: 0.1514
2009: 0.1515
2008: 0.1616
2007: 0.1517
2006: 0.2018
2005: 0.1619
2004: 0.1520
2003: 0.1921
2002: 0.1622
2001: 0.1823
2000: 0.2024
1999: 0.2225 50
1998: 0.2126
1997: 0.2127
1996: 0.2128
1995: 0.2629
1992: 0.3351

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn England & Wales, annual handgun suicides total

2008: 316
2007: 117
2006: 118
2003: 321
2002: 122
2001: 123
2000: 224

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn England & Wales, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2008: 0.0116
2007: 0.0017
2006: 0.0018
2003: 0.0121
2002: 0.0022
2001: 0.0023
2000: 0.0024

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn England & Wales, the number of long gun suicides is

2011: 3713
2010: 4414
2009: 4215
2008: 4616
2007: 4417
2006: 6118
2005: 4119
2004: 4120
2003: 5021
2002: 4022
2001: 5023
2000: 5824
1999: 7525
1998: 5926
1997: 5027
1996: 5528
1995: 6429

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn England & Wales, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.0713
2010: 0.0814
2009: 0.0815
2008: 0.0816
2007: 0.0817
2006: 0.1118
2005: 0.0819
2004: 0.0820
2003: 0.0921
2002: 0.0822
2001: 0.1023
2000: 0.1124
1999: 0.1425
1998: 0.1126
1997: 0.1027
1996: 0.1128
1995: 0.1229

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn England & Wales, annual gun suicides (other) total

2011: 4613
2010: 3914
2009: 4215
2008: 4016
2007: 3917
2006: 4818
2005: 4719
2004: 4020
2003: 4921
2002: 4222
2001: 4223
2000: 4624
1999: 4025
1998: 4626
1997: 5527
1996: 5028
1995: 6429

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn England & Wales, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.0813
2010: 0.0714
2009: 0.0815
2008: 0.0716
2007: 0.0717
2006: 0.0918
2005: 0.0919
2004: 0.0820
2003: 0.0921
2002: 0.0822
2001: 0.0823
2000: 0.0924
1999: 0.0825
1998: 0.0926
1997: 0.1127
1996: 0.1028
1995: 0.1229

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn England & Wales, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2012: 552
2011: 113
2010: 814
2009: 1115
2008: 516
2007: 217
2006: 318
2005: 119
2004: 220
2003: 321
2002: 122
2001: 223
2000: 1124
1999: 625 50
1995: 1029

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn England & Wales, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.0013
2010: 0.0114
2009: 0.0215
2008: 0.0116
2007: 0.0017
2006: 0.0118
2005: 0.0019
2004: 0.0020
2003: 0.0121
2002: 0.0022
2001: 0.0023
2000: 0.0224
1999: 0.0125 50
1995: 0.0229
1992: 0.0153

Unintentional Handgun Deaths

ChartIn England & Wales, annual unintentional shooting deaths by handgun total

2006: 118
2000: 224

Rate of Unintentional Handgun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn England & Wales, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by handgun per 100,000 population is

2006: 0.0018
2000: 0.0024

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn England & Wales, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2010: 314
2009: 515
2008: 316
2005: 119
2003: 121
2002: 122
2001: 123
2000: 324
1999: 225

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn England & Wales, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.0114
2009: 0.0115
2008: 0.0116
2005: 0.0019
2003: 0.0021
2002: 0.0022
2001: 0.0023
2000: 0.0124
1999: 0.0025

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn England & Wales, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2011: 113
2010: 514
2009: 615
2008: 216
2007: 217
2006: 218
2004: 220
2003: 221
2001: 123
2000: 424
1999: 425

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn England & Wales, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.0013
2010: 0.0114
2009: 0.0115
2008: 0.0016
2007: 0.0017
2006: 0.0018
2004: 0.0020
2003: 0.0021
2001: 0.0023
2000: 0.0124
1999: 0.0125

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn England & Wales, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2011: 713
2010: 814
2009: 815
2008: 716
2007: 917
2006: 1218
2005: 1019
2004: 1320
2003: 921
2002: 1822
2001: 723
2000: 1524
1999: 1525
1998: 1826
1996: 2228
1995: 2829

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn England & Wales, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.0113
2010: 0.0114
2009: 0.0115
2008: 0.0116
2007: 0.0217
2006: 0.0218
2005: 0.0219
2004: 0.0220
2003: 0.0221
2002: 0.0322
2001: 0.0123
2000: 0.0324
1999: 0.0350
1998: 0.0326
1996: 0.0428
1995: 0.0529
1992: 0.0454

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn England & Wales, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2003: 121
2002: 122

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn England & Wales, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2003: 0.0021
2002: 0.0022

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn England & Wales, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2011: 513
2010: 414
2009: 415
2008: 316
2007: 117
2006: 318
2005: 619
2004: 620
2003: 321
2002: 1222
2001: 623
2000: 424
1999: 725
1996: 1228

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn England & Wales, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.0113
2010: 0.0114
2009: 0.0115
2008: 0.0116
2007: 0.0017
2006: 0.0118
2005: 0.0119
2004: 0.0120
2003: 0.0121
2002: 0.0222
2001: 0.0123
2000: 0.0124
1999: 0.0125
1996: 0.0228

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn England & Wales, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2011: 213
2010: 414
2009: 415
2008: 416
2007: 817
2006: 918
2005: 419
2004: 720
2003: 521
2002: 522
2001: 123
2000: 1124
1999: 725
1998: 1026
1996: 1028
1995: 1829

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn England & Wales, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.0013
2010: 0.0114
2009: 0.0115
2008: 0.0116
2007: 0.0117
2006: 0.0218
2005: 0.0119
2004: 0.0120
2003: 0.0121
2002: 0.0122
2001: 0.0023
2000: 0.0224
1999: 0.0125
1998: 0.0226
1996: 0.0228
1995: 0.0429

Justifiable Gun Homicides

ChartIn England & Wales, annual legal-intervention gun homicides total

2011: 213
2010: 414
2009: 315
2008: 216
2006: 218
2005: 119

Non-fatal Gun Injuries

ChartIn England & Wales, the annual number of non-fatal firearm injuries55 is

2010/11: 1,89156
2009/10: 1,874
2008/09: 1,722
2007/08: 3,188
2006/07: 2,955
2005/06: 3,773
2004/05: 3,828
2003/04: 2,299
2002/03: 2,099
2001/02: 1,783
2000/01: 1,310

Rate of Non-fatal Gun Injury per 100,000 People

ChartIn England & Wales, the annual rate of non-fatal firearm injury55 per 100,000 population is

2010: 3.408
2009: 3.39
2008: 3.14
2007: 5.86
2006: 5.48
2005: 7.04
2004: 7.20
2003: 4.35
2002: 3.99
2001: 3.41
2000: 2.51

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in England & Wales includes the Firearms Act 1968 (see United Kingdom)57

Right to Possess Firearms

In England & Wales, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law58 59

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In England & Wales, the law requires3 2 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Sales and Transfers

Number of Licensed Gun Dealers

ChartThe number of licensed firearm dealers in England & Wales is reported to be

2011/12: 3,41760
2010/11: 3,205
2008/09: 2,840
2007/08: 2,792
2005/06: 2,030
2004/05: 1,970
2003/04: 1,950
2002/03: 1,970
2001: 1,960
2000: 2,070
1999: 2,090
1998: 2,180
1997: 2,400
1996: 2,490
1995: 2,470

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Surrendered in Gun Amnesty

In England & Wales, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered in recent arms amnesty and collection programmes is reported to be 40,50761 (2003)

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In England & Wales, it is state policy62 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market


Short References

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2.

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3.

UK.2012.‘Table 3: Shotgun Certificates: Applications, Certificates on Issue and Shotguns Covered by Certificates: 1995 to 2011/12.’ Firearm and Shotgun Certificates in England and Wales, 1995 to 2011/12 - Data tables.London:Office for National Statistics,16 August. (Q6616)Full Citation

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Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q4)Full Citation

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van Dijk, Jan, John van Kesteren and Paul Smit.2007.‘Ownership of Firearms and Handguns in Countries and Main Cities (percentages): 1989-2005 ICVS and 2005 EU ICS.’ Criminal Victimisation in International Perspective: Key findings from the 2004-2005 ICVS and EU ICS.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime / UNODC,1 January. (Q11796)Full Citation

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UK.2003.‘Deaths: External Causes of Morbidity and Mortality - Underlying Cause, Sex and Age-group, 2002.’ Mortality Statistics: Deaths Registered in England and Wales (Series DH2: discontinued), 2002.London:Office for National Statistics,18 December. (Q6739)Full Citation

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