Find Gun Policy Facts

Armed violence prevention, gun control laws and the small arms trade:

Egypt — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Egypt is 1,900,0001

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Egypt is 3.51

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Egypt ranked at No. 372

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Egypt ranked at No. 1151

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Egypt are reported to have 1,600,0003 4 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Egypt are reported to have 900,0005 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Egypt, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2011: 1,3886
2000: 1577

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Egypt, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2011: 1.76
2000: 0.248

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Egypt, annual homicides by any means total

2011: 2,7039 10
2010: 1,839
2009: 912
2008: 967
2007: 680
2006: 5499 10 11
2005: 522
2004: 3229 10
2003: 471

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Egypt, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2011: 3.49 10
2010: 2.4
2009: 1.2
2008: 1.39 10 12
2007: 0.9
2006: 0.89 10 11
2005: 0.7
2004: 0.59 10
2003: 0.7
2000: 0.110

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Egypt, annual firearm homicides total

2011: 1,8389 6
2010: 4239
2009: 3929 10
2008: 474
2007: 292
2006: 214
2005: 21510
2004: 99
2003: 219
2000: 167

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Egypt, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 2.248 6
2010: 0.538
2009: 0.508 10
2008: 0.61
2007: 0.39
2006: 0.29
2005: 0.310
2004: 0.1
2003: 0.3
2000: 0.027

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Egypt, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2011: 68%9
2010: 23%
2009: 43%
2008: 49%
2007: 43%
2006: 39%
2005: 59.1%10
2004: 45.0%
2003: 65.6%

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Egypt, annual firearm suicides total

2011: 1296
2000: 187

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Egypt, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.26
2000: 0.037

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Egypt, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2011: 7926
2000: 837

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Egypt, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.968
2000: 0.127

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Egypt, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2011: 3356
2000: 407

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Egypt, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.418
2000: 0.067

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Egypt, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence13

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, Egypt was ranked 'medium'14 15

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Egypt is reported by Customs to be US$50,69916 (2011)

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Egypt was categorized as 'unknown'17

Firearm Imports

In Egypt, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law18

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Egypt is reported by Customs to be US$6,865,77716 (2011)19 20 21 22 23

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Egypt is moderate13

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

ChartIn its annual Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer, the Small Arms Survey compares public reporting among major arms exporting nations on a scale from strong to weak (25 to zero). In recent years, Egypt scored

2014: 6.7524
2013: 4.2525

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Egypt is categorised as restrictive26

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Egypt are regulated by the Ministry of the Interior13

Right to Possess Firearms

In Egypt, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law27 28

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Egypt, civilians are not allowed to possess longguns13

Regulation of Handguns

In Egypt, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence13

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Egypt, only licensed gun owners29 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Egypt are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm29

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Egypt is 21 years29

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Egypt must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental health, domestic violence, and health29 30 records

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Egypt stipulates13 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Egypt, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every three years31

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Egypt, the law requires32 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Egypt do not include13 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Egypt include13 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Egypt, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law32

Firearm Tracing

In Egypt, state authorities carry out32 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Egypt, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit31

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Egypt, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit31

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Egypt, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm33 is one month in prison and a fine (life imprisonment with hard labour for certain firearms)31

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

League of Arab States

As a member of the League of Arab States, Egypt adopted the Arab Model Law on Weapons, Ammunitions, Explosives and Hazardous Material in January 200234

African Union

In June 2006, as a member of the African Union, Egypt adopted an African Common Position to take to the Conference to Review the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA), held in June 200635 36

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was not signed37 by Egypt.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has not been signed38 by Egypt

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has not been signed39 by Egypt

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Egypt committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects40

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Egypt against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 11041 42 43 44 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Egypt has submitted one or more national reports45 18 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Egypt, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated46 18

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Egypt, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated18

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Egypt submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent18

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated18 by Egypt to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Egypt has not declared47 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Egypt has been a Member State of the United Nations since 194548

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list49 Egypt as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Egypt, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Egypt ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


Short References

1.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms - Annexe online.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q5)Full Citation

2.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q4)Full Citation

3.

Karp, Aaron.2013.‘Table 4: Twenty Largest Military Small Arms Inventories.’ Armed Actors - Data Sources and the Estimation of Military-Owned Small Arms.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 September. (Q8186)Full Citation

4.

Karp, Aaron.2006.‘Trickle and Torrent: State stockpiles.’ Small Arms Survey 2006: Unfinished Business.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q6)Full Citation

5.

Karp, Aaron.2012.‘Table 1 - Estimated Law Enforcement Firearms in 20 Selected Countries.’ Armed Actors - Estimating Law Enforcement Firearms.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 December. (Q6544)Full Citation

6.

Waiselfiz, Julio Jacobo.2015.‘Number and Rate of Gun Deaths in 90 Countries (Número e taxas de mortalidade por AF segundo causa básica em 90 países do mundo).’ Violence Map: Deaths by Firearms (Mapa da Violência: Mortes Matadas por Armas de Fogo).Brasilia:Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales / Latin American Social Sciences Institute,1 January. (Q11896)Full Citation

7.

Jackson, Thomas.2005.‘Global Gun Deaths.’ NISAT Firearm Mortality Database 2005.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,1 January. (Q12)Full Citation

8.

GunPolicy.org.2016.‘Calculated Rates - Egypt.’ Historical Population Data - USCB International Data Base.Suitland, MD:US Census Bureau Population Division,27 May. (Q8734)Full Citation

9.

UNODC.2014.‘Homicides and Gun Homicides in Egypt.’ Global Study on Homicide 2013: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC),10 April. (Q9963)Full Citation

10.

UNODC.2013.‘Homicide in 207 Countries - Egypt.’ Global Study on Homicide 2011: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,26 June. (Q6399)Full Citation

11.

UNODC.2008.‘Recorded Intentional Homicide, Completed.’ Tenth United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (2005-2006).Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,10 December. (Q10)Full Citation

12.

Petrini, Benjamin.2011.‘Middle East and North Africa, 1995-2008, Total Recorded Intentional Homicide, Completed, Rate per 100,000 Population.’ World Bank Homicide Rate Dataset 1995-2008.Washington, DC:Social Development Department, World Bank,10 February. (Q3813)Full Citation

13.

United Nations.1999.‘Analysis of Country Responses.’ United Nations International Study on Firearm Regulation.Vienna:UN Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Division,30 August. (Q1)Full Citation

14.

Small Arms Survey.2001.‘Ranking of World's Small Arms Producers (By Sales).’ Small Arms Survey 2001: Profiling the Problem.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q103)Full Citation

15.

Holtom, Paul and Christelle Rigual.2015.‘Small Arms Transfers to Egypt, 2001-2010.’ Small Arms Survey 2015: Weapons and the World.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 June. (Q11073)Full Citation

16.

Marsh, Nicholas.2014.‘Database of Authorised Transfers of Small Arms and Light Weapons.’ NISAT Small Arms Trade Database.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,22 December. (Q16)Full Citation

17.

Small Arms Survey.2001.‘60 Known Legal Small Arms Exporting Countries, 2001.’ Small Arms Survey 2001: Profiling the Problem.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q867)Full Citation

18.

UNODA.2015.‘PoA-ISS Country Profiles.’ UN small arms Programme of Action (UNPoA) - Implementation Support System.New York, NY:United Nations Office of Disarmament Affairs,11 September. (Q1309)Full Citation

19.

Holtom, Paul and Christelle Rigual.2015.‘Annexe 4.4: Authorized Transfers of Small Arms and Light Weapons to Egypt, Libya, and Syria, 2001-13.’ Small Arms Survey 2015: Weapons and the World.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 June. (Q11079)Full Citation

20.

Holtom, Paul and Christelle Rigual.2015.‘Largest Exporter of Small Arms to Egypt during 2001-2010.’ Small Arms Survey 2015: Weapons and the World.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 June. (Q11074)Full Citation

21.

Holtom, Paul and Christelle Rigual.2015.‘Trends in Small Arms Imports per Top Importer and for All Importers, as Reported to UN Comtrade, 2001-2012.’ Small Arms Survey 2015: Weapons and the World.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 June. (Q11072)Full Citation

22.

Holtom, Paul and Christelle Rigual.2015.‘Importers of Small Arms Based on UN Comtrade, 2012.’ Small Arms Survey 2015: Weapons and the World.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 June. (Q11070)Full Citation

23.

Rigual, Christelle.2015.‘Annexe 4.2: Major Importers.’ Small Arms Survey 2015: Weapons and the World.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 June. (Q11078)Full Citation

24.

Holtom, Paul, Irene Pavesi, and Christelle Rigual.2014.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2014.’ Small Arms Survey 2014: Women and Guns.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,16 June. (Q10547)Full Citation

25.

Pavesi, Irene and Christelle Rigual.2013.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2013.’ Small Arms Survey 2013: Everyday Dangers.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,2 July. (Q6871)Full Citation

26.

Newton, George D and Franklin E Zimring.1969.‘Firearm Licensing: Permissive v Restrictive.’ Firearms & Violence in American Life: A staff report submitted to the National Commission on the Causes and Prevention of Violence.Washington, DC:US Government Printing Office,1 January. (Q22)Full Citation

27.

Sherman, Amy and Tom Ginsburg.2014.‘Gun Rights in National Constitutions.’ Marco Rubio Says Second Amendment Is Unique in Speech to NRA.Miami, FL:Miami Herald (PolitiFact Florida),29 April. (Q8507)Full Citation

28.

Zachary Elkins, Tom Ginsburg and James Melton. 2013. ‘U.S. Gun Rights Truly Are American Exceptionalism.’ Bloomberg (USA). 7 March. (N422) Full Citation

29.

Parker, Sarah.2011.‘Balancing Act: Regulation of Civilian Firearm Possession.’ Small Arms Survey 2011: States of Security.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,6 July. (Q5415)Full Citation

30.

Parker, Sarah.2011.‘Balancing Act: Regulation of Civilian Firearm Possession.’ Small Arms Survey 2011: States of Security.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,6 July. (Q5382)Full Citation

31.

Parker, Sarah.2011.‘Balancing Act: Regulation of Civilian Firearm Possession.’ Small Arms Survey 2011: States of Security.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,6 July. (Q5435)Full Citation

32.

Egypt.2008.‘Marking Procedures.’ National Report of Egypt on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Egypt to the United Nations,1 March. (Q4648)Full Citation

33.

GunPolicy.org. 2015. ‘Penalty for Unlawful Firearm Possession.’ Definition and Selection Criteria.
Sydney School of Public Health, 22 January.
(G93) Full Citation

34.

League of Arab States / UNODA.2002.‘Arab Model Law on Weapons, Ammunitions, Explosives and Hazardous Material.’ United Nations Programme of Action Implementation Support System: Regional Organisations.New York, NY:Council of the League of Arab States / United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,1 January. (Q3215)Full Citation

35.

African Union / UNODA.2005.‘Windhoek Common Position.’ United Nations Programme of Action Implementation Support System: Regional Organisations.New York, NY:African Union / United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,14 December. (Q3216)Full Citation

36.

African Union.2015.‘Member States.’ African Union: A United and Strong Africa.Addis Ababa:African Union,10 August. (Q10548)Full Citation

37.

GDAV.2006.‘Geneva Declaration.’ Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development.Geneva:Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development Secretariat,7 June. (Q7162)Full Citation

38.

UNODA.2013.‘Towards Entry Into Force.’ Arms Trade Treaty.New York, NY:United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,2 April. (Q7226)Full Citation

39.

UNGA.2001.‘United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition.’ UN General Assembly Resolution 55/255.New York, NY:UN General Assembly,31 May. (Q17)Full Citation

40.

UNGA.2001.‘Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects.’ United Nations General Assembly.New York, NY:UN General Assembly,20 July. (Q18)Full Citation

41.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘Findings - Table 3: Reporting States by Rank and Score.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 August. (Q8752)Full Citation

42.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘What do the PoAIM Scores Represent? How Should the PoAIM Scores Be Interpreted?.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 August. (Q8753)Full Citation

43.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘Point Allocation System.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 August. (Q8754)Full Citation

44.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘Introduction.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 August. (Q8755)Full Citation

45.

Cattaneo, Silvia and Sarah Parker.2008.‘Reporting, NPCs and NCAs, 2002 to 2008.’ Implementing the United Nations Programme of Action on Small Arms and Light Weapons: Analysis of the National Reports submitted by States from 2002 to 2008.Geneva:United Nations Development Programme,1 November. (Q20)Full Citation

46.

IANSA.2006.‘Reviewing Action on Small Arms 2006: Assessing the first five years of the UN Programme of Action.’ Biting the Bullet 'Red Book' 2006.New York, NY:International Action Network on Small Arms and the Biting the Bullet project,26 June. (Q166)Full Citation

47.

UNODA.2011.‘National Reports on Small Arms Exports.’ United Nations Register of Conventional Arms - The Global Reported Arms Trade.New York, NY:United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,21 October. (Q14)Full Citation

48.

UN.2013.‘Member States of the United Nations.’ UN.org Web Site.New York, NY:United Nations General Assembly,7 April. (Q290)Full Citation

49.

Wassenaar Arrangement.1996.‘Introduction: Participating States.’ Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies.Vienna:Wassenaar Secretariat,12 July. (Q19)Full Citation