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Ecuador — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Ecuador is 370,0001 2

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) in Ecuador is 1.32 firearms per 100 people

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

In Ecuador, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be 100,0003

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

There are reportedly 100,0003 handguns in civilian possession in Ecuador

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Ecuador ranked at No. 964

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Ecuador ranked at No. 1422

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

The number of licensed gun owners in Ecuador is reported to be 117,0005

Number of Registered Firearms

The number of registered guns in Ecuador is reported to be 167,1026 4

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

The rate of registered guns per 100 people in Ecuador is 1.107

Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Ecuador there are estimated to be 250,0001

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Ecuador are reported to have 134,0001 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Ecuador are reported to have 42,0008 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Ecuador, annual homicides by any means total

2010: 2,6389 10
2009: 2,625
2008: 2,607
2007: 2,273
2006: 2,385
2005: 2,121
2004: 2,390
2003: 1,609
2002: 1,906
2001: 1,658
2000: 1,833
1999: 2,15010
1998: 1,830
1997: 1,472
1996: 1,865
1995: 1,526

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Ecuador, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2010: 18.210
2009: 19.269 10
2008: 19.33
2007: 17.03
2006: 18.06
2005: 16.24
2004: 18.51
2003: 12.60
2002: 15.10
2001: 13.30
2000: 14.90
1999: 17.710 11
1998: 15.310
1997: 12.5
1996: 16.1
1995: 13.4

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Ecuador, annual firearm homicides total

2008: 1,79010
2006: 1,635
2005: 1,714
2004: 1,472

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Ecuador, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2008: 12.710
2006: 12.0
2005: 12.8
2004: 11.1

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Ecuador, annual suicides by any means total

2006: 90012
2000: 53513

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Ecuador, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2006: 6.8012
2005: 7.20
2000: 4.1113

Gun Suicides

In Ecuador, annual firearm suicides total 2000: 9513

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

In Ecuador, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is 2000: 0.7313

Unintentional Gun Deaths

In Ecuador, annual unintentional shooting deaths total 2000: 3113

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

In Ecuador, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is 2000: 0.2413

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

In Ecuador, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total 2000: 20113

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

In Ecuador, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is 2000: 1.5513

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Ecuador, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence14

Home-made Guns

In Ecuador the prevalence of illicit craft, or 'home-made' firearm manufacture is reported to be high6

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Regulation of Firearm Exports

In Ecuador, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law15

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Ecuador is reported by Customs to be US$016 (2011)

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Ecuador is categorized as 'unknown'17

Regulation of Firearm Imports

In Ecuador, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law15

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Ecuador is reported by Customs to be US$128,89916 (2011)

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Ecuador is high3 6

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Ecuador, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are not specifically regulated by law15 18

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Ecuador is categorised as restrictive19

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Ecuador includes the Act on Manufacturing Import Export Marketing and Possession of Arms Munitions Explosives and Accessories3

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Ecuador are regulated by the Gun Control Unit of the Armed Forces6

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Ecuador, civilians are not allowed to possess longguns3

Regulation of Handguns

In Ecuador, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence3

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Ecuador, only licensed gun owners6 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Ecuador are required to prove genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example, hunting, target shooting, collection, personal protection, security3

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Ecuador is 18 years3

Gun Licence Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Ecuador must pass a background check which considers criminal and mental3 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Ecuador, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are required3

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Ecuador does not stipulate3 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Ecuador, the law requires20 14 21 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Ecuador, licensed firearm dealers are required22 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Ecuador, licensed gun makers are required22 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Ecuador, State agencies are required22 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Ecuador do not include3 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Ecuador do not include3 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Ecuador, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law20 21

Firearm Tracing

In Ecuador, state authorities carry out20 21 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Ecuador, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit6

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Ecuador, it is state policy6 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

Andean Community

As a member of the Andean Community, Ecuador adopted Decision 552: The Andean Plan to Prevent, Fight and Eradicate Illicit Trafficking in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects in June, 200323

Organization of American States

On 14 November 1997, as a member of the Organisation of American States (OAS), Ecuador adopted the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Explosives, Ammunition and Other Related Materials (CIFTA), a legally binding multilateral treaty of which the OAS is depository. The CIFTA Convention has since been signed and ratified24 25 by Ecuador

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 200726 by Ecuador.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has not been signed27 by Ecuador

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified28 by Ecuador

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Ecuador committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects29

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Ecuador has submitted one or more national reports30 18 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Ecuador, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated31 18

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Ecuador, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated31 18

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Ecuador submitted to the UN, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities is not apparent31 18

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated18 by Ecuador to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Ecuador has not declared32 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Ecuador has been a Member State of the United Nations since 194533

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list34 Ecuador as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Ecuador, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Ecuador ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


Short References

1.

Karp, Aaron.2009.‘Estimated Total Small Arms, Firearms, and Surpluses in Ecuador, Rounded.’ Surplus Arms in South America: A Survey.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,1 August. (Q5306)Full Citation

2.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms - Annexe online.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q5)Full Citation

3.

United Nations.1999.‘Analysis of Country Responses.’ United Nations International Study on Firearm Regulation.Vienna:UN Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Division,30 August. (Q1)Full Citation

4.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q4)Full Citation

5.

Karp, Aaron.2009.‘Country Summaries – Ecuador.’ Surplus Arms in South America: A Survey.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,1 August. (Q5307)Full Citation

6.

Staff writer.2013.‘What Is Gun Control Like in Ecuador?.’ El Telégrafo.Guayaquil:El Telégrafo,8 May. (Q6723)Full Citation

7.

GunPolicy.org.2011.‘Calculated Rates – Ecuador.’ Historical Population Data – USCB International Data Base.Suitland, MD:US Census Bureau Population Division,17 March. (Q4225)Full Citation

8.

Karp, Aaron.2012.‘Table 2 - Examples of Police Firearms Per Officer in Selected Countries.’ Armed Actors - Estimating Law Enforcement Firearms.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,1 December. (Q6545)Full Citation

9.

OAS Observatory on Citizen Security.2011.‘Intentional Homicide.’ Report on Citizen Security in the Americas 2011.Washington, DC:Organisation of American States,1 January. (Q5678)Full Citation

10.

UNODC.2013.‘Homicide in 207 Countries - Ecuador.’ Global Study on Homicide 2011: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,26 June. (Q6332)Full Citation

11.

Petrini, Benjamin.2011.‘Latin America and the Caribbean, 1995-2008, Total Recorded Intentional Homicide, Completed, Rate per 100,000 Population.’ World Bank Homicide Rate Dataset 1995-2008.Washington DC:Social Development Department, World Bank,10 February. (Q3817)Full Citation

12.

OAS Observatory on Citizen Security.2011.‘Suicide.’ Report on Citizen Security in the Americas 2011.Washington, DC:Organisation of American States,1 January. (Q5680)Full Citation

13.

Jackson, Thomas.2005.‘Global Gun Deaths.’ NISAT Firearm Mortality Database 2005.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,1 January. (Q12)Full Citation

14.

Ecuador.2008.‘Curbing the Illicit Traffic in Small Arms.’ National Report of Ecuador on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York:Permanent Mission of Ecuador to the United Nations,1 January. (Q4750)Full Citation

15.

IANSA.2006.‘Reviewing Action on Small Arms 2006: Assessing the first five years of the UN Programme of Action.’ Biting the Bullet 'Red Book' 2006.New York:International Action Network on Small Arms and the Biting the Bullet project,26 June. (Q82)Full Citation

16.

Marsh, Nicholas.2013.‘Database of Authorised Transfers of Small Arms and Light Weapons.’ NISAT Small Arms Trade Database.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,14 February. (Q16)Full Citation

17.

Small Arms Survey.2001.‘60 Known Legal Small Arms Exporting Countries, 2001.’ Small Arms Survey 2001: Profiling the Problem.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q867)Full Citation

18.

UNODA.2009.‘PoA-ISS Country Profiles.’ UN small arms Programme of Action (UNPoA) – Implementation Support System.New York:United Nations Office of Disarmament Affairs,29 October. (Q1309)Full Citation

19.

Newton, George D and Franklin E Zimring.1969.‘Firearm Licensing: Permissive v Restrictive.’ Firearms & Violence in American Life: A staff report submitted to the National Commission on the Causes and Prevention of Violence.Washington, DC:US Government Printing Office,1 January. (Q22)Full Citation

20.

Ecuador.2010.‘Report on the Programme of Action (Informe sobre el Programa de Acción).’ National Report of Ecuador on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York:Permanent Mission of Ecuador to the United Nations,1 January. (Q4749)Full Citation

21.

Ecuador.2006.‘Marking, Registration and Tracing (Marcado, Mantenimiento de Registros y Localización).’ National Report of Ecuador on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York:Permanent Mission of Ecuador to the United Nations,1 February. (Q4751)Full Citation

22.

Ecuador.2003.‘Report on the Programme of Action.’ National Report of Ecuador on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York:Permanent Mission of Ecuador to the United Nations,7 July. (Q4752)Full Citation

23.

UNODA.2003.‘Decision 552: Andean Plan to Prevent, Fight and Eradicate Illicit Trafficking in Small Arms and Light Weapons in all its Aspects.’ United Nations Programme of Action Implementation Support System: Regional Organisations.New York:Andean Community / United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,11 April. (Q3220)Full Citation

24.

OAS / UNODA.1997.‘Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Explosives, Ammunition and Other Related Materials / CIFTA.’ United Nations Programme of Action Implementation Support System: Regional Organisations.New York:Organization of American States / United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,14 November. (Q3244)Full Citation

25.

OAS.1997.‘Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Explosives, Ammunition and Other Related Materials (CIFTA): Signatures and Ratifications.’ Organization of American States, Department of International Law.Washington DC:Organization of American States,14 November. (Q3262)Full Citation

26.

GDAV.2006.‘Geneva Declaration.’ Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development.Geneva:Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development Secretariat,7 June. (Q7162)Full Citation

27.

UNODA.2013.‘Towards Entry Into Force.’ Arms Trade Treaty.New York NY:United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,2 April. (Q7226)Full Citation

28.

UNGA.2001.‘United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition.’ UN General Assembly Resolution 55/255.New York:UN General Assembly,31 May. (Q17)Full Citation

29.

UNGA.2001.‘Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects.’ United Nations General Assembly.New York:UN General Assembly,20 July. (Q18)Full Citation

30.

Cattaneo, Silvia and Sarah Parker.2008.‘Reporting, NPCs and NCAs, 2002 to 2008.’ Implementing the United Nations Programme of Action on Small Arms and Light Weapons: Analysis of the National Reports submitted by States from 2002 to 2008.Geneva:United Nations Development Programme,1 November. (Q20)Full Citation

31.

IANSA.2006.‘Reviewing Action on Small Arms 2006: Assessing the first five years of the UN Programme of Action.’ Biting the Bullet 'Red Book' 2006.New York:International Action Network on Small Arms and the Biting the Bullet project,26 June. (Q166)Full Citation

32.

UNODA.2011.‘National Reports on Small Arms Exports.’ United Nations Register of Conventional Arms - The Global Reported Arms Trade.New York:United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,21 October. (Q14)Full Citation

33.

UN.2013.‘Member States of the United Nations.’ UN.org Web Site.New York:United Nations General Assembly,7 April. (Q290)Full Citation

34.

Wassenaar Arrangement.1996.‘Introduction: Participating States.’ Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies.Vienna:Wassenaar Secretariat,12 July. (Q19)Full Citation