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Ecuador — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Ecuador is 350,0001 2 3

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) in Ecuador is 2.51 3 firearms per 100 people

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

In Ecuador, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be 100,0004

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

There are reportedly 100,0004 handguns in civilian possession in Ecuador

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Ecuador ranked at No. 965

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Ecuador ranked at No. 1423

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

The number of licensed gun owners in Ecuador is reported to be 117,0006

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Ecuador is reported to be

2012: 167,1027
2005: 117,0005

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in Ecuador is

2012: 1.108
2005: 0.86

Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Ecuador there are estimated to be 250,0002

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Ecuador are reported to have 240,0009 2 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Ecuador are reported to have 42,00010 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

In Ecuador, annual deaths resulting from firearms total 2000: 1,64811

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

In Ecuador, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is 2000: 13.248

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Ecuador, annual homicides by any means total

2010: 2,63812 13
2009: 2,625
2008: 2,607
2007: 2,273
2006: 2,385
2005: 2,121
2004: 2,390
2003: 1,609
2002: 1,906
2001: 1,658
2000: 1,833
1999: 2,15013
1998: 1,830
1997: 1,472
1996: 1,865
1995: 1,526

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Ecuador, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2010: 18.213
2009: 19.2612 13
2008: 19.33
2007: 17.03
2006: 18.06
2005: 16.24
2004: 18.51
2003: 12.60
2002: 15.10
2001: 13.30
2000: 14.90
1999: 17.713 14
1998: 15.313
1997: 12.5
1996: 16.1
1995: 13.4

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Ecuador, annual firearm homicides total

2008: 1,79013
2006: 1,635
2005: 1,714
2004: 1,472
2000: 1,32111

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Ecuador, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2008: 12.713
2006: 12.0
2005: 12.8
2004: 11.1
2000: 10.1611

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Ecuador, annual suicides by any means total

2006: 90015
2000: 53511

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Ecuador, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2006: 6.8015
2005: 7.20
2000: 4.1111

Gun Suicides

In Ecuador, annual firearm suicides total 2000: 9511

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

In Ecuador, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is 2000: 0.7311

Unintentional Gun Deaths

In Ecuador, annual unintentional shooting deaths total 2000: 3111

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

In Ecuador, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is 2000: 0.2411

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

In Ecuador, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total 2000: 20111

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

In Ecuador, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is 2000: 1.5511

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Ecuador, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence16

Home-made Guns

In Ecuador the prevalence of illicit craft, or 'home-made' firearm manufacture is reported to be high7

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Regulation of Firearm Exports

In Ecuador, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law17

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Ecuador is reported by Customs to be US$018 (2011)

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Ecuador is categorized as 'unknown'19

Regulation of Firearm Imports

In Ecuador, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law17

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Ecuador is reported by Customs to be US$128,89918 (2011)

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Ecuador is high4 7

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Ecuador, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are not specifically regulated by law17 20

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Ecuador is categorised as restrictive21

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Ecuador includes the Act on Manufacturing Import Export Marketing and Possession of Arms Munitions Explosives and Accessories4

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Ecuador are regulated by the Gun Control Unit of the Armed Forces7

Right to Possess Firearms

In Ecuador, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law22

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Ecuador, civilians are not allowed to possess longguns4

Regulation of Handguns

In Ecuador, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence4

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Ecuador, only licensed gun owners7 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Ecuador are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example, hunting, target shooting, collection, personal protection, security4

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Ecuador is 18 years4

Gun Licence Background Check

An applicant for a firearm licence in Ecuador must pass a background check which considers criminal and mental4 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Ecuador, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are required4

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Ecuador does not stipulate4 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Ecuador, the law requires23 16 24 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Ecuador, licensed firearm dealers are required25 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Ecuador, licensed gun makers are required25 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Ecuador, State agencies are required25 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Ecuador do not include4 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Ecuador do not include4 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Ecuador, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law23 24

Firearm Tracing

In Ecuador, state authorities carry out23 24 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Ecuador, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit7

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Ecuador, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit7

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Firearms Collected and Seized

In Ecuador, firearms voluntarily surrendered for destruction, collected or seized in routine policing are reported to number 3,90326 (2011) and 4,53027 (2013 and the first three months of 2014)

Small Arms Destroyed

In Ecuador, the total number of firearms destroyed following recent amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be 3,90326 (2011)

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Ecuador, it is state policy7 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

Andean Community

As a member of the Andean Community, Ecuador adopted Decision 552: The Andean Plan to Prevent, Fight and Eradicate Illicit Trafficking in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects in June, 200328

Organization of American States

On 14 November 1997, as a member of the Organisation of American States (OAS), Ecuador adopted the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Explosives, Ammunition and Other Related Materials (CIFTA), a legally binding multilateral treaty of which the OAS is depository. The CIFTA Convention has since been signed and ratified29 30 by Ecuador

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 200731 by Ecuador.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has not been signed32 by Ecuador

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified33 by Ecuador

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Ecuador committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects34

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Ecuador against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 1535 36 37 38 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Ecuador has submitted one or more national reports39 20 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Ecuador, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated40 20

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Ecuador, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated40 20

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Ecuador submitted to the UN, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities is not apparent40 20

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated20 by Ecuador to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Ecuador has not declared41 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Ecuador has been a Member State of the United Nations since 194542

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list43 Ecuador as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Ecuador, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Ecuador ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


Short References

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Karp, Aaron.2009.‘Estimated Total Small Arms, Firearms, and Surpluses in Ecuador, Rounded.’ Surplus Arms in South America: A Survey.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,1 August. (Q5306)Full Citation

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