Find Gun Policy Facts

Armed violence prevention, gun control laws and the small arms trade:

Dominican Republic — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in the Dominican Republic is 600,0001 2

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) in the Dominican Republic is 5.91 2 firearms per 100 people

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

In the Dominican Republic, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be 8783 4

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

In the Dominican Republic, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be 55,3603 4

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

There are reportedly 165,3153 4 handguns in civilian possession in the Dominican Republic

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, the Dominican Republic ranked at No. 855

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, the Dominican Republic ranked at No. 992

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in the Dominican Republic is reported to be

2014: 220,5533
2013: 213,000
2012: 298,4326
2011: 206,7077 4
2005: 178,1938
2000: 30,5167

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in the Dominican Republic is

2014: 2.139
2013: 2.08
2012: 2.96
2011: 2.08
2005: 1.94
2000: 0.36

Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in the Dominican Republic there are estimated to be 300,0006

Estimated Rate of Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in the Dominican Republic there are estimated to be 2.979 illicit firearms per 100 people

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of the Dominican Republic are reported to have 56,00010 11 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in the Dominican Republic are reported to have 32,00010 12 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

In the Dominican Republic, annual deaths resulting from firearms total 1999: 45013

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

In the Dominican Republic, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is 1999: 5.419

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, annual homicides by any means total

2011: 2,51314 15
2010: 2,474
2009: 2,37514 15 16
2008: 2,394
2007: 2,111
2006: 2,144
2005: 2,394
2004: 2,239
2003: 1,902
2002: 1,279
2001: 1,095
2000: 1,210
1999: 1,06614
1998: 1,121
1997: 1,038
1996: 1,032
1995: 1,007

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2012: 22.117
2011: 25.014 15
2010: 24.9
2009: 24.214 15 16
2008: 24.8
2007: 22.1
2006: 22.8
2005: 25.8
2004: 24.5
2003: 21.1
2002: 14.4
2001: 12.5
2000: 14.1
1999: 12.614 18
1998: 13.514
1997: 12.714 18
1996: 12.814
1995: 12.7

Gun Homicides

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, annual firearm homicides total

2010: 1,61814 19
2009: 1,651
2008: 1,797
2007: 1,48819
2006: 1,16420
2005: 1,543
2004: 1,10419
2003: 908
2002: 682
2001: 591
2000: 563
1999: 35013

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2010: 16.314 19
2009: 16.914 19 16
2008: 18.6
2007: 15.219 16
2006: 14.0116
2005: 15.68
2004: 11.819 16
2003: 9.8
2002: 7.5
2001: 6.6
2000: 6.4
1999: 4.0013

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, annual suicides by any means total

2009: 52521 22
2008: 617
2007: 599
2006: 464
2005: 601
2004: 291
2003: 315
2002: 301
2001: 314
2000: 327
1999: 17413

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2009: 5.221 22
2008: 6.2
2007: 6.1
2006: 4.8
2005: 6.3
2004: 3.1
2003: 3.4
2002: 3.3
2001: 3.5
2000: 3.7
1999: 1.9913

Gun Suicides

In the Dominican Republic, annual firearm suicides total 1999: 3813

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

In the Dominican Republic, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is 1999: 0.4313

Unintentional Gun Deaths

In the Dominican Republic, annual unintentional shooting deaths total 1998: 413

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

In the Dominican Republic, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is 1998: 0.0513

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

In the Dominican Republic, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total 1999: 6213

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

In the Dominican Republic, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is 1999: 0.7113

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Regulation of Firearm Exports

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from the Dominican Republic is reported by Customs to be US$36023 (2011)

Regulation of Firearm Imports

In the Dominican Republic, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law24 25

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to the Dominican Republic is reported by Customs to be US$5,576,49723 (2011)

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In the Dominican Republic, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are not specifically regulated by law25

MeasuresGun Regulation

Right to Possess Firearms

In the Dominican Republic, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law26

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In the Dominican Republic, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic firearms27

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In the Dominican Republic, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited27

Gun Ownership and Possession

In the Dominican Republic, only licensed gun owners28 29 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in the Dominican Republic are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example collection or self-defence28 30 29

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in the Dominican Republic is 18 years29

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in the Dominican Republic must pass a background check which considers medical, mental and criminal29 31 records

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In the Dominican Republic, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every year28

Licensing Records

In the Dominican Republic, authorities maintain a record28 27 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In the Dominican Republic, the law requires28 32 24 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In the Dominican Republic, licensed firearm dealers are required24 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In the Dominican Republic, State agencies are required28 32 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In the Dominican Republic, the private sale and transfer of firearms is permitted28

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In the Dominican Republic, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful24

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in the Dominican Republic do not include33 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in the Dominican Republic include24 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In the Dominican Republic, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law34

Firearm Tracing

In the Dominican Republic, state authorities carry out32 35 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In the Dominican Republic, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are32 recorded in a register

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In the Dominican Republic, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit33

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In the Dominican Republic, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit33

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In the Dominican Republic, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm36 is 2 years prison and a fine33

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in the Dominican Republic are known to have37 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, the total number of firearms destroyed following recent amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2014: 2,00038
2013: 30,00039

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

Central American Integration System

As a member of the Central American Integration System (SICA), the Dominican Republic is party to the 2007 Central American Programme on Small Arms Control and the Code of Conduct of Central American States on the Transfer of Arms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Material40

Organization of American States

On 14 November 1997, as a member of the Organisation of American States (OAS), the Dominican Republic adopted the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Explosives, Ammunition and Other Related Materials (CIFTA), a legally binding multilateral treaty of which the OAS is depository. The CIFTA Convention has since been signed and ratified41 42 by the Dominican Republic

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 200743 by the Dominican Republic.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified44 by the Dominican Republic

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified45 by the Dominican Republic

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, the Dominican Republic committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects46

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored the Dominican Republic against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 12747 48 49 50 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, the Dominican Republic has submitted one or more national reports51 35 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In the Dominican Republic, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated35

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In the Dominican Republic, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated35

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of the Dominican Republic submitted to the UN, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities is apparent35

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated35 by the Dominican Republic to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, the Dominican Republic has not declared52 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, the Dominican Republic has been a Member State of the United Nations since 194553

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list54 the Dominican Republic as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in the Dominican Republic, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where the Dominican Republic ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


Short References

1.

Karp, Aaron.2012.‘Estimated Civilian Gun Ownership.’ Measurement and Use of Statistical Data to Analyze Small Arms in the Caribbean and Latin America.Mexico City:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the Center of Excellence, National Institute of Statistics and Geography (INEGI),28 April. (Q8972)Full Citation

2.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms - Annexe online.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q5)Full Citation

3.

Dominican Today. 2014. ‘Gun- Toters Are Thugs' Target.’ 10 July. (N367) Full Citation

4.

Mairobi Herrera. 2011. ‘481 Firearms Seized by Police.’ Listin Diario (Dominican Republic). 24 September. (N371) Full Citation

5.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q4)Full Citation

6.

Diario Libre (Dominican Republic). 2012. ‘Dominicans Arm Themselves to Face All the Violence.’ 1 June. (N370) Full Citation

7.

Ezra Fieser. 2014. ‘Dominican Republic to Launch Disarmament Campaign.’ Infosurhoy.com. 14 April. (N369) Full Citation

8.

OAS Observatory on Citizen Security.2011.‘Civilian Firearms Legally Registered.’ Report on Citizen Security in the Americas 2011.Washington, DC:Organisation of American States,1 January. (Q5679)Full Citation

9.

GunPolicy.org.2014.‘Calculated Rates - Dominican Republic.’ Historical Population Data - USCB International Data Base.Suitland, MD:US Census Bureau Population Division,13 August. (Q5681)Full Citation

10.

Karp, Aaron.2012.‘State Firearms Ownership.’ Measurement and Use of Statistical Data to Analyze Small Arms in the Caribbean and Latin America.Mexico City:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the Center of Excellence, National Institute of Statistics and Geography (INEGI),28 April. (Q8973)Full Citation

11.

Karp, Aaron.2006.‘Trickle and Torrent: State stockpiles.’ Small Arms Survey 2006: Unfinished Business.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q6)Full Citation

12.

Karp, Aaron.2006.‘Trickle and Torrent: State stockpiles.’ Small Arms Survey 2006: Unfinished Business.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q7)Full Citation

13.

Jackson, Thomas.2005.‘Global Gun Deaths.’ NISAT Firearm Mortality Database 2005.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,1 January. (Q12)Full Citation

14.

UNODC.2013.‘Homicide in 207 Countries - Dominican Republic.’ Global Study on Homicide 2011: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,26 June. (Q6364)Full Citation

15.

OAS Hemispheric Citizen Security Observatory.2012.‘Intentional Homicide 2000-2011.’ Report on Citizen Security in the Americas 2012.Washington, DC:Organisation of American States (OAS),1 July. (Q9209)Full Citation

16.

OAS Observatory on Citizen Security.2011.‘Intentional Homicide.’ Report on Citizen Security in the Americas 2011.Washington, DC:Organisation of American States,1 January. (Q5678)Full Citation

17.

UNODC.2014.‘Haiti.’ 2013 Global Study on Homicide.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,21 April. (Q8470)Full Citation

18.

Petrini, Benjamin.2011.‘Latin America and the Caribbean, 1995-2008, Total Recorded Intentional Homicide, Completed, Rate per 100,000 Population.’ World Bank Homicide Rate Dataset 1995-2008.Washington DC:Social Development Department, World Bank,10 February. (Q3817)Full Citation

19.

OAS Hemispheric Citizen Security Observatory.2012.‘Intentional Homicide Committed by Firearms 2000-2010.’ Report on Citizen Security in the Americas 2012.Washington, DC:Organisation of American States (OAS),1 July. (Q9210)Full Citation

20.

UNODC.2008.‘Recorded Intentional Homicide, Completed.’ Tenth United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (2005-2006).Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,10 December. (Q10)Full Citation

21.

OAS Hemispheric Citizen Security Observatory.2012.‘Suicide 2000-2009.’ Report on Citizen Security in the Americas 2012.Washington, DC:Organisation of American States (OAS),1 July. (Q9206)Full Citation

22.

OAS Observatory on Citizen Security.2011.‘Suicide.’ Report on Citizen Security in the Americas 2011.Washington, DC:Organisation of American States,1 January. (Q5680)Full Citation

23.

Marsh, Nicholas.2013.‘Database of Authorised Transfers of Small Arms and Light Weapons.’ NISAT Small Arms Trade Database.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,14 February. (Q16)Full Citation

24.

Dominican Republic.2010.‘Manufacturers, Traders, Brokers, Importers, Exporters and Transporters (Industriales, Comerciantes, Intermediarios, Importadores, Exportadores y Transportistas).’ National Report of the Dominican Republic on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York:Permanent Mission of the Dominican Republic to the United Nations,26 May. (Q4529)Full Citation

25.

IANSA.2006.‘Reviewing Action on Small Arms 2006: Assessing the first five years of the UN Programme of Action.’ Biting the Bullet 'Red Book' 2006.New York:International Action Network on Small Arms and the Biting the Bullet project,26 June. (Q82)Full Citation

26.

Sherman, Amy and Tom Ginsburg.2014.‘Gun Rights in National Constitutions.’ Marco Rubio Says Second Amendment Is Unique in Speech to NRA.Miami FL:Miami Herald (PolitiFact Florida),29 April. (Q8507)Full Citation

27.

Parker, Sarah.2011.‘Balancing Act: Regulation of Civilian Firearm Possession.’ Small Arms Survey 2011: States of Security.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,6 July. (Q5365)Full Citation

28.

Dominican Republic.2010.‘Registration (Registro).’ National Report of the Dominican Republic on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York:Permanent Mission of the Dominican Republic to the United Nations,26 May. (Q4530)Full Citation

29.

Parker, Sarah.2011.‘Balancing Act: Regulation of Civilian Firearm Possession.’ Small Arms Survey 2011: States of Security.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,6 July. (Q5414)Full Citation

30.

Parker, Sarah.2011.‘Balancing Act: Regulation of Civilian Firearm Possession.’ Small Arms Survey 2011: States of Security.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,6 July. (Q5396)Full Citation

31.

Parker, Sarah.2011.‘Balancing Act: Regulation of Civilian Firearm Possession.’ Small Arms Survey 2011: States of Security.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,6 July. (Q5382)Full Citation

32.

Dominican Republic.2010.‘Tracing (Rastreo).’ National Report of the Dominican Republic on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York:Permanent Mission of the Dominican Republic to the United Nations,26 May. (Q4531)Full Citation

33.

Parker, Sarah.2011.‘Balancing Act: Regulation of Civilian Firearm Possession.’ Small Arms Survey 2011: States of Security.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,6 July. (Q5434)Full Citation

34.

Dominican Republic.2010.‘Marking (Marcaje).’ National Report of the Dominican Republic on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York:Permanent Mission of the Dominican Republic to the United Nations,26 May. (Q4532)Full Citation

35.

UNODA.2009.‘PoA-ISS Country Profiles.’ UN small arms Programme of Action (UNPoA) - Implementation Support System.New York:United Nations Office of Disarmament Affairs,29 October. (Q1309)Full Citation

36.

GunPolicy.org. 2015. ‘Penalty for Unlawful Firearm Possession.’ Definition and Selection Criteria.
Sydney School of Public Health, 23 January.
(G93) Full Citation

37.

REDCEPAZ.2006.‘Seized Firearms (Decomiso de Armas).’ The Problem of Illegal Arms in Central America (El problema de las Armas Ilegales en Centroamérica).Guatemala City:REDCEPAZ (Red Centroamericana para la Construcción de la Paz y la Seguridad Humana),1 March. (Q5509)Full Citation

38.

New Zealand Herald, Associated Press. 2014. ‘Dominican Officials Destroy 2,000 Seized Guns.’ 29 July. (N372) Full Citation

39.

UNLIREC Newsletter N°12, April-June 2013. 2013. ‘United Nations Assists the Dominican Republic in the Destruction of more than 30,000 Firearms and 30 Tonnes of Ammunition.’ 1 June. (N373) Full Citation

40.

UNODA.2007.‘Central American Programme on Small Arms Control.’ United Nations Programme of Action Implementation Support System: Regional Organisations.New York:Central American Integration System / United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,1 January. (Q3221)Full Citation

41.

OAS / UNODA.1997.‘Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Explosives, Ammunition and Other Related Materials / CIFTA.’ United Nations Programme of Action Implementation Support System: Regional Organisations.New York:Organization of American States / United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,14 November. (Q3244)Full Citation

42.

OAS.1997.‘Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Explosives, Ammunition and Other Related Materials (CIFTA): Signatures and Ratifications.’ Organization of American States, Department of International Law.Washington DC:Organization of American States,14 November. (Q3262)Full Citation

43.

GDAV.2006.‘Geneva Declaration.’ Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development.Geneva:Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development Secretariat,7 June. (Q7162)Full Citation

44.

UNODA.2013.‘Towards Entry Into Force.’ Arms Trade Treaty.New York NY:United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,2 April. (Q7226)Full Citation

45.

UNGA.2001.‘United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition.’ UN General Assembly Resolution 55/255.New York:UN General Assembly,31 May. (Q17)Full Citation

46.

UNGA.2001.‘Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects.’ United Nations General Assembly.New York:UN General Assembly,20 July. (Q18)Full Citation

47.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘Findings - Table 3: Reporting States by Rank and Score.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,1 August. (Q8752)Full Citation

48.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘What do the PoAIM Scores Represent? How Should the PoAIM Scores Be Interpreted?.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,1 August. (Q8753)Full Citation

49.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘Point Allocation System.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,1 August. (Q8754)Full Citation

50.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘Introduction.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,1 August. (Q8755)Full Citation

51.

Cattaneo, Silvia and Sarah Parker.2008.‘Reporting, NPCs and NCAs, 2002 to 2008.’ Implementing the United Nations Programme of Action on Small Arms and Light Weapons: Analysis of the National Reports submitted by States from 2002 to 2008.Geneva:United Nations Development Programme,1 November. (Q20)Full Citation

52.

UNODA.2011.‘National Reports on Small Arms Exports.’ United Nations Register of Conventional Arms - The Global Reported Arms Trade.New York:United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,21 October. (Q14)Full Citation

53.

UN.2013.‘Member States of the United Nations.’ UN.org Web Site.New York:United Nations General Assembly,7 April. (Q290)Full Citation

54.

Wassenaar Arrangement.1996.‘Introduction: Participating States.’ Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies.Vienna:Wassenaar Secretariat,12 July. (Q19)Full Citation