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Dominican Republic — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in the Dominican Republic is 450,0001

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) in the Dominican Republic is 5.11 firearms per 100 people

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, the Dominican Republic ranked at No. 852

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, the Dominican Republic ranked at No. 991

Number of Registered Firearms

The number of registered guns in the Dominican Republic is reported to be 178,1933

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

The rate of registered guns per 100 people in the Dominican Republic is 1.944

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of the Dominican Republic are reported to have 43,3205 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in the Dominican Republic are reported to have 21,0006 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, annual homicides by any means total

2011: 2,5137
2010: 2,474
2009: 2,3757 8
2008: 2,394
2007: 2,111
2006: 2,144
2005: 2,394
2004: 2,239
2003: 1,902
2002: 1,279
2001: 1,095
2000: 1,210
1999: 1,0667
1998: 1,121
1997: 1,038
1996: 1,032
1995: 1,007

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2011: 25.07
2010: 24.9
2009: 24.27 8
2008: 24.8
2007: 22.1
2006: 22.8
2005: 25.8
2004: 24.5
2003: 21.1
2002: 14.4
2001: 12.5
2000: 14.1
1999: 12.67 9
1998: 13.57
1997: 12.77 9
1996: 12.87
1995: 12.7

Gun Homicides

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, annual firearm homicides total

2010: 1,6187
2009: 1,651
2008: 1,797
2006: 1,16410
2005: 1,543

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2010: 16.37
2009: 16.97 8
2008: 18.6
2007: 15.168
2006: 14.01
2005: 15.68
2004: 15.00
2003: 11.12
2002: 8.60
2001: 7.40
2000: 7.75

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, annual suicides by any means total

2009: 52511
2008: 533
2007: 514
2006: 400
2005: 518
2004: 280
2003: 406
1999: 17412

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2009: 6.0011
2008: 6.20
2007: 6.10
2006: 4.80
2005: 6.30
2004: 3.50
2003: 5.10
2002: 4.90
2001: 3.90
2000: 4.80
1999: 1.9912

Gun Suicides

In the Dominican Republic, annual firearm suicides total 1999: 3812

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

In the Dominican Republic, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is 1999: 0.4312

Unintentional Gun Deaths

In the Dominican Republic, annual unintentional shooting deaths total 1998: 412

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

In the Dominican Republic, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is 1998: 0.0512

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

In the Dominican Republic, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total 1999: 6212

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

In the Dominican Republic, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is 1999: 0.7112

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Regulation of Firearm Exports

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from the Dominican Republic is reported by Customs to be US$36013 (2011)

Regulation of Firearm Imports

In the Dominican Republic, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law14 15

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to the Dominican Republic is reported by Customs to be US$5,576,49713 (2011)

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In the Dominican Republic, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are not specifically regulated by law15

MeasuresGun Regulation

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In the Dominican Republic, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic firearms16

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In the Dominican Republic, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited16

Gun Ownership and Possession

In the Dominican Republic, only licensed gun owners17 18 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in the Dominican Republic are required to prove genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example, collection or self-defence17 19 18

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in the Dominican Republic is 18 years18

Gun Licence Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in the Dominican Republic must pass a background check which considers medical, mental and criminal18 20 records

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In the Dominican Republic gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every year17

Licensing Records

In the Dominican Republic, authorities maintain a record17 16 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In the Dominican Republic, the law requires17 21 14 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In the Dominican Republic, licensed firearm dealers are required14 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In the Dominican Republic, State agencies are required17 21 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In the Dominican Republic, the private sale and transfer of firearms is permitted17

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In the Dominican Republic, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful14

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in the Dominican Republic do not include22 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in the Dominican Republic include14 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In the Dominican Republic, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law23

Firearm Tracing

In the Dominican Republic, state authorities carry out21 24 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Marking of Firearms and Ammunition

In the Dominican Republic, state authorities employ21 ballistic fingerprinting technology to trace guns and ammunition

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In the Dominican Republic, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit22

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In the Dominican Republic, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit22

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In the Dominican Republic, the maximum penalty for illicit firearm possession is 2 years prison and a fine22

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in the Dominican Republic are known to have25 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

Central American Integration System

As a member of the Central American Integration System (SICA), the Dominican Republic is party to the 2007 Central American Programme on Small Arms Control and the Code of Conduct of Central American States on the Transfer of Arms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Material26

Organization of American States

On 14 November 1997, as a member of the Organisation of American States (OAS), the Dominican Republic adopted the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Explosives, Ammunition and Other Related Materials (CIFTA), a legally binding multilateral treaty of which the OAS is depository. The CIFTA Convention has since been signed and ratified27 28 by the Dominican Republic

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 200729 by the Dominican Republic.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has been signed, but not yet ratified30 by the Dominican Republic

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified31 by the Dominican Republic

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, the Dominican Republic committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects32

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, the Dominican Republic has submitted one or more national reports33 24 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In the Dominican Republic, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated24

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In the Dominican Republic, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated24

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of the Dominican Republic submitted to the UN, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities is apparent24

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated24 by the Dominican Republic to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, the Dominican Republic has not declared34 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, the Dominican Republic has been a Member State of the United Nations since 194535

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list36 the Dominican Republic as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in the Dominican Republic, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where the Dominican Republic ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


Short References

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Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q4)Full Citation

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OAS Observatory on Citizen Security.2011.‘Civilian Firearms Legally Registered.’ Report on Citizen Security in the Americas 2011.Washington, DC:Organisation of American States,1 January. (Q5679)Full Citation

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GunPolicy.org.2011.‘Calculated Rates – Dominican Republic.’ Historical Population Data – USCB International Data Base.Suitland, MD:US Census Bureau Population Division,17 March. (Q5681)Full Citation

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Karp, Aaron.2006.‘Trickle and Torrent: State stockpiles.’ Small Arms Survey 2006: Unfinished Business.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q6)Full Citation

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Karp, Aaron.2006.‘Trickle and Torrent: State stockpiles.’ Small Arms Survey 2006: Unfinished Business.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q7)Full Citation

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UNODC.2013.‘Homicide in 207 Countries - Dominican Republic.’ Global Study on Homicide 2011: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,26 June. (Q6364)Full Citation

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OAS Observatory on Citizen Security.2011.‘Intentional Homicide.’ Report on Citizen Security in the Americas 2011.Washington, DC:Organisation of American States,1 January. (Q5678)Full Citation

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Petrini, Benjamin.2011.‘Latin America and the Caribbean, 1995-2008, Total Recorded Intentional Homicide, Completed, Rate per 100,000 Population.’ World Bank Homicide Rate Dataset 1995-2008.Washington DC:Social Development Department, World Bank,10 February. (Q3817)Full Citation

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UNODC.2008.‘Recorded Intentional Homicide, Completed.’ Tenth United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (2005-2006).Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,10 December. (Q10)Full Citation

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Jackson, Thomas.2005.‘Global Gun Deaths.’ NISAT Firearm Mortality Database 2005.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,1 January. (Q12)Full Citation

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Marsh, Nicholas.2013.‘Database of Authorised Transfers of Small Arms and Light Weapons.’ NISAT Small Arms Trade Database.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,14 February. (Q16)Full Citation

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IANSA.2006.‘Reviewing Action on Small Arms 2006: Assessing the first five years of the UN Programme of Action.’ Biting the Bullet 'Red Book' 2006.New York:International Action Network on Small Arms and the Biting the Bullet project,26 June. (Q82)Full Citation

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17.

Dominican Republic.2010.‘Registration (Registro).’ National Report of the Dominican Republic on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York:Permanent Mission of the Dominican Republic to the United Nations,26 May. (Q4530)Full Citation

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Parker, Sarah.2011.‘Balancing Act: Regulation of Civilian Firearm Possession.’ Small Arms Survey 2011: States of Security.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,6 July. (Q5414)Full Citation

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Parker, Sarah.2011.‘Balancing Act: Regulation of Civilian Firearm Possession.’ Small Arms Survey 2011: States of Security.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,6 July. (Q5382)Full Citation

21.

Dominican Republic.2010.‘Tracing (Rastreo).’ National Report of the Dominican Republic on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York:Permanent Mission of the Dominican Republic to the United Nations,26 May. (Q4531)Full Citation

22.

Parker, Sarah.2011.‘Balancing Act: Regulation of Civilian Firearm Possession.’ Small Arms Survey 2011: States of Security.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,6 July. (Q5434)Full Citation

23.

Dominican Republic.2010.‘Marking (Marcaje).’ National Report of the Dominican Republic on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York:Permanent Mission of the Dominican Republic to the United Nations,26 May. (Q4532)Full Citation

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28.

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31.

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32.

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33.

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36.

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