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Armed violence prevention, gun control laws and the small arms trade:

Dominican Republic — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in the Dominican Republic is 600,0001 2

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) in the Dominican Republic is 5.91 2 firearms per 100 people

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

In the Dominican Republic, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be 8783 4 5

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

In the Dominican Republic, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be 55,3603 4 5

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

In the Dominican Republic, the number of handguns in civilian possession is reported to be 165,3153 4 5

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, the Dominican Republic ranked at No. 856

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, the Dominican Republic ranked at No. 992

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

The number of licensed gun owners in the Dominican Republic is reported to be

2011: 333,4367

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

The rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in the Dominican Republic is

2011: 3.358

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in the Dominican Republic is reported to be

2014: 220,5533
2013: 213,000
2012: 298,4329 5
2011: 206,70710 4
2010: 198,4267
2005: 178,19311
2000: 30,51610

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in the Dominican Republic is

2014: 2.138
2013: 2.08
2012: 2.96
2011: 2.08
2010: 2.02
2005: 1.94
2000: 0.36

Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in the Dominican Republic there are estimated to be 300,0009

Estimated Rate of Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in the Dominican Republic there are estimated to be 2.978 illicit firearms per 100 people

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of the Dominican Republic are reported to have 56,00012 13 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in the Dominican Republic are reported to have 32,00012 14 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

In the Dominican Republic, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

1999: 45015

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

In the Dominican Republic, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

1999: 5.418

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, annual homicides by any means total

2013: 1,98416
2012: 2,26816 17 18
2011: 2,51616 17 19 20
2010: 2,476
2009: 2,37816 17 19 20 21
2008: 2,355
2007: 2,092
2006: 2,113
2005: 2,398
2004: 2,323
2003: 1,656
2002: 1,230
2001: 1,086
2000: 1,090
1999: 1,06619
1998: 1,121
1997: 1,038
1996: 1,032
1995: 1,007

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2013: 20.2816
2012: 23.4216 22 17 18
2011: 26.2616 17 19 20
2010: 26.12
2009: 25.3516 17 19 20 21
2008: 25.38
2007: 22.8
2006: 23.29
2005: 26.74
2004: 26.23
2003: 18.94
2002: 14.25
2001: 12.75
2000: 12.98
1999: 12.619 23
1998: 13.519
1997: 12.719 23
1996: 12.819
1995: 12.7

Gun Homicides

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, annual firearm homicides total

2013: 1,25416
2012: 1,45716 17
2011: 1,57516 24 17
2010: 1,61516 17 19 25
2009: 1,54417 19 25
2008: 1,67617 19 25 26
2007: 1,48825
2006: 1,15817 27
2005: 1,556
2004: 1,10425
2003: 908
2002: 682
2001: 591
2000: 563
1999: 35015

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 12.278
2012: 14.44
2011: 15.82
2010: 16.448 19 25
2009: 15.938 19 25 21
2008: 17.53
2007: 15.225 21
2006: 12.468 21
2005: 16.98
2004: 11.825 21
2003: 9.8
2002: 7.5
2001: 6.6
2000: 6.4
1999: 4.0015

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2013: 63%16
2012: 64%16 17 18
2011: 63%16 17
2010: 65%
2009: 65%17
2008: 70%
2006: 54%
2005: 65%

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, annual suicides by any means total

2009: 52528 29
2008: 617
2007: 599
2006: 464
2005: 601
2004: 291
2003: 315
2002: 301
2001: 314
2000: 327
1999: 17415

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2009: 5.228 29
2008: 6.2
2007: 6.1
2006: 4.8
2005: 6.3
2004: 3.1
2003: 3.4
2002: 3.3
2001: 3.5
2000: 3.7
1999: 1.9915

Gun Suicides

In the Dominican Republic, annual firearm suicides total

1999: 3815

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

In the Dominican Republic, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

1999: 0.4315

Unintentional Gun Deaths

In the Dominican Republic, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

1998: 415

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

In the Dominican Republic, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

1998: 0.0515

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

In the Dominican Republic, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

1999: 6215

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

In the Dominican Republic, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

1999: 0.7115

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In the Dominican Republic, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence, but is not conducted in practice30 31 32

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Regulation of Firearm Exports

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from the Dominican Republic is reported by Customs to be US$36033 (2011)

Regulation of Firearm Imports

In the Dominican Republic, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law34 35 36 32 37 38 39 40 41

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to the Dominican Republic is reported by Customs to be US$5,576,49733 (2011)42

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In the Dominican Republic, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are not specifically regulated by law41

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in the Dominican Republic is categorised as restrictive43

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in the Dominican Republic includes Act No. 36 of 1965 on the Commerce, Carrying and Possession of Firearms,44 45 46 its regulation, Resolution 02-06,47 and Resolution 01-07 on Gun Shops, Arms and Ammunition Imports35

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in the Dominican Republic are regulated by the Ministry of the Interior and Police48

Right to Possess Firearms

In the Dominican Republic, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law49 50

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In the Dominican Republic, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic firearms51 18

Law Regulates Handguns

In the Dominican Republic, civilian possession of handguns is regulated by law52 18

Regulation of Handguns

In the Dominican Republic, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence53

Law Regulates Long Guns

In the Dominican Republic, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law52 53 32 18

Gun Ownership and Possession

In the Dominican Republic, only licensed gun owners54 55 56 57 48 58 59 60 32 61 62 63 18 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in the Dominican Republic are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example collection,60 employment59 or self-defence58 62 64 63

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in the Dominican Republic is 18 years65 55 63

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in the Dominican Republic must pass a background check which considers medical, addiction, mental health and criminal65 55 63 66 18 records

Firearm Safety Training

In the Dominican Republic, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required55 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In the Dominican Republic, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every year67 62

Licensing Records

In the Dominican Republic, authorities maintain a record68 60 62 51 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In the Dominican Republic, the law requires68 62 69 40 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In the Dominican Republic, licensed firearm dealers are required70 71 40 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In the Dominican Republic, State agencies are required62 69 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In the Dominican Republic, the private sale and transfer of firearms is permitted72 32 62

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In the Dominican Republic, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful36 34 72 32 71 40

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in the Dominican Republic include55 73 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in the Dominican Republic include74 40 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In the Dominican Republic, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law75 76 77 78

Firearm Tracing

In the Dominican Republic, state authorities carry out79 78 69 80 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In the Dominican Republic, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are79 81 69 recorded in a register

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In the Dominican Republic, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit73 54 32 18

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In the Dominican Republic, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit73 54 32 18

Gun Free Zones

In the Dominican Republic, private guns are prohibited in recreational sites or public meetings82 83

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In the Dominican Republic, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm84 is two years in prison and a fine73 85 86 77 87

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2013: 14088 89
2012: 139
2011: 97890 89
2010: 1,013
2007: 1,83591
2006: 1,574
2005: 2,180
2004: 33091 92

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2014: 2,00093
2013: 30,00094
2008: 3,34895
2006: 3,34896

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In the Dominican Republic, it is not state policy97 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

Central American Integration System

As a member of the Central American Integration System (SICA), the Dominican Republic is party to the 2007 Central American Programme on Small Arms Control and the Code of Conduct of Central American States on the Transfer of Arms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Material98

Organization of American States

On 14 November 1997, as a member of the Organisation of American States (OAS), the Dominican Republic adopted the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Explosives, Ammunition and Other Related Materials (CIFTA), a legally binding multilateral treaty of which the OAS is depository. The CIFTA Convention has since been signed and ratified99 100 by the Dominican Republic

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 2007101 by the Dominican Republic.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified102 by the Dominican Republic

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified103 by the Dominican Republic

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, the Dominican Republic committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects104

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored the Dominican Republic against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 127105 106 107 108 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, the Dominican Republic has submitted one or more national reports109 80 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In the Dominican Republic, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated80

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In the Dominican Republic, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated80

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of the Dominican Republic submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent80

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated80 by the Dominican Republic to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, the Dominican Republic has not declared110 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, the Dominican Republic has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1945111

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list112 the Dominican Republic as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in the Dominican Republic, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where the Dominican Republic ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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