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Dominican Republic — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in the Dominican Republic is 600,0001 2

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) in the Dominican Republic is 5.91 2 firearms per 100 people

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

In the Dominican Republic, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be 8783 4

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

In the Dominican Republic, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be 55,3603 4

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

There are reportedly 165,3153 4 handguns in civilian possession in the Dominican Republic

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, the Dominican Republic ranked at No. 855

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, the Dominican Republic ranked at No. 992

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in the Dominican Republic is reported to be

2014: 220,5533
2013: 213,000
2012: 298,4326
2011: 206,7077 4
2005: 178,1938
2000: 30,5167

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in the Dominican Republic is

2014: 2.139
2013: 2.08
2012: 2.96
2011: 2.08
2005: 1.94
2000: 0.36

Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in the Dominican Republic there are estimated to be 300,0006

Estimated Rate of Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in the Dominican Republic there are estimated to be 2.979 illicit firearms per 100 people

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of the Dominican Republic are reported to have 56,00010 11 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in the Dominican Republic are reported to have 32,00010 12 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

In the Dominican Republic, annual deaths resulting from firearms total 1999: 45013

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

In the Dominican Republic, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is 1999: 5.419

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, annual homicides by any means total

2011: 2,51314
2010: 2,474
2009: 2,37514 15
2008: 2,394
2007: 2,111
2006: 2,144
2005: 2,394
2004: 2,239
2003: 1,902
2002: 1,279
2001: 1,095
2000: 1,210
1999: 1,06614
1998: 1,121
1997: 1,038
1996: 1,032
1995: 1,007

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2012: 22.116
2011: 25.014
2010: 24.9
2009: 24.214 15
2008: 24.8
2007: 22.1
2006: 22.8
2005: 25.8
2004: 24.5
2003: 21.1
2002: 14.4
2001: 12.5
2000: 14.1
1999: 12.614 17
1998: 13.514
1997: 12.714 17
1996: 12.814
1995: 12.7

Gun Homicides

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, annual firearm homicides total

2010: 1,61814
2009: 1,651
2008: 1,797
2006: 1,16418
2005: 1,543
1999: 35013

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2010: 16.314
2009: 16.914 15
2008: 18.6
2007: 15.1615
2006: 14.01
2005: 15.68
2004: 15.00
2003: 11.12
2002: 8.60
2001: 7.40
2000: 7.75
1999: 4.0013

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, annual suicides by any means total

2009: 52519
2008: 533
2007: 514
2006: 400
2005: 518
2004: 280
2003: 406
1999: 17413

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2009: 6.0019
2008: 6.20
2007: 6.10
2006: 4.80
2005: 6.30
2004: 3.50
2003: 5.10
2002: 4.90
2001: 3.90
2000: 4.80
1999: 1.9913

Gun Suicides

In the Dominican Republic, annual firearm suicides total 1999: 3813

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

In the Dominican Republic, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is 1999: 0.4313

Unintentional Gun Deaths

In the Dominican Republic, annual unintentional shooting deaths total 1998: 413

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

In the Dominican Republic, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is 1998: 0.0513

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

In the Dominican Republic, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total 1999: 6213

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

In the Dominican Republic, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is 1999: 0.7113

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Regulation of Firearm Exports

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from the Dominican Republic is reported by Customs to be US$36020 (2011)

Regulation of Firearm Imports

In the Dominican Republic, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law21 22

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to the Dominican Republic is reported by Customs to be US$5,576,49720 (2011)

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In the Dominican Republic, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are not specifically regulated by law22

MeasuresGun Regulation

Right to Possess Firearms

In the Dominican Republic, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law23

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In the Dominican Republic, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic firearms24

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In the Dominican Republic, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited24

Gun Ownership and Possession

In the Dominican Republic, only licensed gun owners25 26 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in the Dominican Republic are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example, collection or self-defence25 27 26

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in the Dominican Republic is 18 years26

Gun Licence Background Check

An applicant for a firearm licence in the Dominican Republic must pass a background check which considers medical, mental and criminal26 28 records

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In the Dominican Republic gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every year25

Licensing Records

In the Dominican Republic, authorities maintain a record25 24 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In the Dominican Republic, the law requires25 29 21 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In the Dominican Republic, licensed firearm dealers are required21 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In the Dominican Republic, State agencies are required25 29 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In the Dominican Republic, the private sale and transfer of firearms is permitted25

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In the Dominican Republic, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful21

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in the Dominican Republic do not include30 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in the Dominican Republic include21 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In the Dominican Republic, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law31

Firearm Tracing

In the Dominican Republic, state authorities carry out29 32 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Marking of Firearms and Ammunition

In the Dominican Republic, state authorities employ29 ballistic fingerprinting technology to trace guns and ammunition

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In the Dominican Republic, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit30

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In the Dominican Republic, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit30

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In the Dominican Republic, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm33 is 2 years prison and a fine30

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in the Dominican Republic are known to have34 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn the Dominican Republic, the total number of firearms destroyed following recent amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2014: 2,00035
2013: 30,00036

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

Central American Integration System

As a member of the Central American Integration System (SICA), the Dominican Republic is party to the 2007 Central American Programme on Small Arms Control and the Code of Conduct of Central American States on the Transfer of Arms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Material37

Organization of American States

On 14 November 1997, as a member of the Organisation of American States (OAS), the Dominican Republic adopted the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Explosives, Ammunition and Other Related Materials (CIFTA), a legally binding multilateral treaty of which the OAS is depository. The CIFTA Convention has since been signed and ratified38 39 by the Dominican Republic

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 200740 by the Dominican Republic.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified41 by the Dominican Republic

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified42 by the Dominican Republic

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, the Dominican Republic committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects43

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored the Dominican Republic against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 12744 45 46 47 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, the Dominican Republic has submitted one or more national reports48 32 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In the Dominican Republic, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated32

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In the Dominican Republic, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated32

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of the Dominican Republic submitted to the UN, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities is apparent32

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated32 by the Dominican Republic to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, the Dominican Republic has not declared49 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, the Dominican Republic has been a Member State of the United Nations since 194550

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list51 the Dominican Republic as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in the Dominican Republic, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where the Dominican Republic ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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