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District of Columbia — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

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StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Proportion of Adults Living in a Home With a Gun

ChartIn the District of Columbia, the percentage of adults living in a household with a firearm is reported to be

2002: 5.2%1
2001: 3.8%2

Proportion of Households with Firearms

In the District of Columbia, the percentage of households with one or more guns is reported to be

2004: 20.13%3

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn the District of Columbia, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 864
2013: 71
2012: 68
2011: 86
2010: 99
2009: 111
2008: 137
2007: 144
2006: 134
2005: 154
2004: 143
2003: 167
2002: 195
2001: 169
2000: 149
1999: 163

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn the District of Columbia, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 13.054
2013: 10.94
2012: 10.71
2011: 13.86
2010: 16.45
2009: 18.74
2008: 23.61
2007: 25.07
2006: 23.48
2005: 27.15
2004: 25.19
2003: 29.38
2002: 34.02
2001: 29.42
2000: 26.05
1999: 28.59

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn the District of Columbia, annual homicides by any means total

2013: 904
2012: 82
2011: 109
2010: 119
2009: 135
2008: 164
2007: 159
2006: 150
2005: 180
2004: 174
2003: 194
2002: 229
2001: 197
2000: 184
1999: 186

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the District of Columbia, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2013: 13.924
2012: 12.95
2011: 17.69
2010: 19.78
2009: 22.80
2008: 28.26
2007: 27.68
2006: 26.28
2005: 31.74
2004: 30.65
2003: 34.12
2002: 39.95
2001: 34.29
2000: 32.16
1999: 32.62

Gun Homicides

ChartIn the District of Columbia, annual firearm homicides total

2013: 614
2012: 55
2011: 77
2010: 84
2009: 104
2008: 122
2007: 129
2006: 120
2005: 142
2004: 137
2003: 156
2002: 176
2001: 141
2000: 138
1999: 145

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the District of Columbia, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 9.444
2012: 8.68
2011: 12.43
2010: 13.96
2009: 17.56
2008: 21.03
2007: 22.46
2006: 21.03
2005: 25.04
2004: 24.13
2003: 27.44
2002: 30.71
2001: 24.54
2000: 24.12
1999: 25.43

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn the District of Columbia, according to figures5 from the US Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), annual handgun homicides total

2013: 306 7
2011: 37
2010: 32
2009: 80
1997: 7

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the District of Columbia, according to figures8 from the US Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 4.629
2011: 5.96
2010: 5.29
2009: 13.51
1997: 1.23

Handgun Homicides (CDC)

ChartIn the District of Columbia, according to figures5 from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), annual handgun homicides total

2013: 0 (suppressed)10 7
2012: 0 (suppressed)
2011: 0 (suppressed)
2010: 0 (suppressed)
2009: 0 (suppressed)
2008: 0 (suppressed)
2007: 0 (suppressed)
2006: 0 (suppressed)
2005: 0 (suppressed)
2004: 0 (suppressed)
2003: 0 (suppressed)
2002: 0 (suppressed)
2001: 0 (suppressed)
2000: 0 (suppressed)
1999: 0 (suppressed)

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People (CDC)

ChartIn the District of Columbia, according to figures8 from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.00 (unreliable)10 7
2012: 0.00 (unreliable)
2011: 0.00 (unreliable)
2010: 0.00 (unreliable)
2009: 0.00 (unreliable)
2008: 0.00 (unreliable)
2007: 0.00 (unreliable)
2006: 0.00 (unreliable)
2005: 0.00 (unreliable)
2004: 0.00 (unreliable)
2003: 0.00 (unreliable)
2002: 0.00 (unreliable)
2001: 0.00 (unreliable)
2000: 0.00 (unreliable)
1999: 0.00 (unreliable)

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn the District of Columbia, according to figures11 from the US Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), annual long gun homicides total

2013: 26
2011: 1
2010: 0
2009: 2
1997: 1

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the District of Columbia, according to figures12 from the US Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.319
2011: 0.16
2010: 0.00
2009: 0.34
1997: 0.18

Long Gun Homicides (CDC)

ChartIn the District of Columbia, according to figures11 from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), annual long gun homicides total

2013: 0 (suppressed)10 7
2012: 0 (suppressed)
2011: 0 (suppressed)
2010: 0 (suppressed)
2009: 0 (suppressed)
2008: 0 (suppressed)
2007: 0 (suppressed)
2006: 0 (suppressed)
2005: 0 (suppressed)
2004: 0 (suppressed)
2003: 0 (suppressed)
2002: 0 (suppressed)
2001: 0 (suppressed)
2000: 0 (suppressed)
1999: 0 (suppressed)

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People (CDC)

ChartIn the District of Columbia, according to figures12 from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.00 (unreliable)10 7
2012: 0.00 (unreliable)
2011: 0.00 (unreliable)
2010: 0.00 (unreliable)
2009: 0.00 (unreliable)
2008: 0.00 (unreliable)
2007: 0.00 (unreliable)
2006: 0.00 (unreliable)
2005: 0.00 (unreliable)
2004: 0.00 (unreliable)
2003: 0.00 (unreliable)
2002: 0.00 (unreliable)
2001: 0.00 (unreliable)
2000: 0.00 (unreliable)
1999: 0.00 (unreliable)

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn the District of Columbia, according to figures13 from the US Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), annual firearm homicides (other) total

2013: 496
2011: 39
2010: 67
2009: 31
1997: 234

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn the District of Columbia, according to figures14 from the US Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), the annual rate of firearm homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2013: 7.559
2011: 6.29
2010: 11.07
2009: 5.23
1997: 41.22

Gun Homicides (Other) (CDC)

ChartIn the District of Columbia, according to figures13 from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), annual firearm homicides (other) total

2013: 5810 7
2012: 54
2011: 76
2010: 82
2009: 104
2008: 120
2007: 128
2006: 118
2005: 137
2004: 136
2003: 152
2002: 172
2001: 137
2000: 134
1999: 140

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People (CDC)

ChartIn the District of Columbia, according to figures14 from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the annual rate of firearm homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2013: 8.9710 7
2012: 8.54
2011: 12.30
2010: 13.63
2009: 17.56
2008: 20.68
2007: 22.28
2006: 20.68
2005: 24.16
2004: 23.95
2003: 26.74
2002: 30.01
2001: 23.85
2000: 23.42
1999: 24.55

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn the District of Columbia, annual suicides by any means total

2013: 384
2012: 37
2011: 37
2010: 41
2009: 29
2008: 43
2007: 36
2006: 30
2005: 33
2004: 33
2003: 36
2002: 31
2001: 40
2000: 23
1999: 30

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the District of Columbia, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2013: 5.884
2012: 5.84
2011: 5.97
2010: 8.81
2009: 4.90
2008: 7.41
2007: 6.27
2006: 5.26
2005: 5.82
2004: 5.81
2003: 6.33
2002: 5.41
2001: 6.96
2000: 4.02
1999: 5.26

Gun Suicides

ChartIn the District of Columbia, annual firearm suicides total

2013: 0 (suppressed)4
2012: 10
2010: 13
2009: 0 (suppressed)
2008: 12
2007: 10
2006: 10
2005: 10
2004: 5
2003: 10
2002: 13
2001: 21
2000: 7
1999: 13

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the District of Columbia, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.00 (unreliable)4
2012: 1.58
2010: 2.16
2009: 0.00 (unreliable)
2008: 2.07
2007: 1.74
2006: 1.75
2005: 1.76
2004: 0.88
2003: 1.76
2002: 2.27
2001: 3.66
2000: 1.22
1999: 2.28

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn the District of Columbia, annual handgun suicides total

2013: 0 (suppressed)10
2012: 0 (suppressed)
2011: 0 (suppressed)
2010: 0 (suppressed)
2009: 0 (suppressed)
2008: 0 (suppressed)
2007: 0 (suppressed)
2006: 0 (suppressed)
2005: 0 (suppressed)
2004: 0 (suppressed)
2003: 0 (suppressed)
2002: 0 (suppressed)
2001: 0 (suppressed)
2000: 0 (suppressed)
1999: 0 (suppressed)

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the District of Columbia, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.00 (unreliable)10
2012: 0.00 (unreliable)
2011: 0.00 (unreliable)
2010: 0.00 (unreliable)
2009: 0.00 (unreliable)
2008: 0.00 (unreliable)
2007: 0.00 (unreliable)
2006: 0.00 (unreliable)
2005: 0.00 (unreliable)
2004: 0.00 (unreliable)
2003: 0.00 (unreliable)
2002: 0.00 (unreliable)
2001: 0.00 (unreliable)
2000: 0.00 (unreliable)
1999: 0.00 (unreliable)

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn the District of Columbia, the number of long gun suicides is

2013: 0 (suppressed)10
2012: 0 (suppressed)
2011: 0 (suppressed)
2010: 0 (suppressed)
2009: 0 (suppressed)
2008: 0 (suppressed)
2007: 0 (suppressed)
2006: 0 (suppressed)
2005: 0 (suppressed)
2004: 0 (suppressed)
2003: 0 (suppressed)
2002: 0 (suppressed)
2001: 0 (suppressed)
2000: 0 (suppressed)
1999: 0 (suppressed)

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the District of Columbia, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.00 (unreliable)10
2012: 0.00 (unreliable)
2011: 0.00 (unreliable)
2010: 0.00 (unreliable)
2009: 0.00 (unreliable)
2008: 0.00 (unreliable)
2007: 0.00 (unreliable)
2006: 0.00 (unreliable)
2005: 0.00 (unreliable)
2004: 0.00 (unreliable)
2003: 0.00 (unreliable)
2002: 0.00 (unreliable)
2001: 0.00 (unreliable)
2000: 0.00 (unreliable)
1999: 0.00 (unreliable)

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn the District of Columbia, annual gun suicides (other) total

2013: 0 (suppressed)10
2012: 0 (suppressed)
2011: 0 (suppressed)
2010: 11
2009: 0 (suppressed)
2008: 11
2007: 10
2006: 0 (suppressed)
2005: 0 (suppressed)
2004: 0 (suppressed)
2003: 10
2002: 10
2001: 19
2000: 0 (suppressed)
1999: 10

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn the District of Columbia, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.00 (unreliable)10
2012: 0.00 (unreliable)
2011: 0.00 (unreliable)
2010: 0.00 (unreliable)
2009: 0.00 (unreliable)
2008: 0.00 (unreliable)
2007: 0.00 (unreliable)
2006: 0.00 (unreliable)
2005: 0.00 (unreliable)
2004: 0.00 (unreliable)
2003: 0.00 (unreliable)
2002: 0.00 (unreliable)
2001: 0.00 (unreliable)
2000: 0.00 (unreliable)
1999: 0.00 (unreliable)

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn the District of Columbia, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2013: 0 (suppressed)4
2012: 0 (suppressed)
2011: 0 (suppressed)
2010: 0 (suppressed)
2009: 0 (suppressed)
2008: 0 (suppressed)
2007: 1
2006: 3
2005: 1
2004: 1
2003: 1
2002: 4
2001: 4
2000: 3
1999: 1

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn the District of Columbia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.00 (unreliable)4
2012: 0.00 (unreliable)
2011: 0.00 (unreliable)
2010: 0.00 (unreliable)
2009: 0.00 (unreliable)
2008: 0.00 (unreliable)
2007: 0.17
2006: 0.53
2005: 0.18
2004: 0.18
2003: 0.18
2002: 0.70
2001: 0.70
2000: 0.52
1999: 0.18

Unintentional Handgun Deaths

ChartIn the District of Columbia, annual unintentional shooting deaths by handgun total

2013: 0 (suppressed)10
2012: 0 (suppressed)
2011: 0 (suppressed)
2010: 0 (suppressed)
2009: 0 (suppressed)
2008: 0 (suppressed)
2007: 0 (suppressed)
2006: 0 (suppressed)
2005: 0 (suppressed)
2004: 0 (suppressed)
2003: 0 (suppressed)
2002: 0 (suppressed)
2001: 0 (suppressed)
2000: 0 (suppressed)
1999: 0 (suppressed)

Rate of Unintentional Handgun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn the District of Columbia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by handgun per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.00 (unreliable)10
2012: 0.00 (unreliable)
2011: 0.00 (unreliable)
2010: 0.00 (unreliable)
2009: 0.00 (unreliable)
2008: 0.00 (unreliable)
2007: 0.00 (unreliable)
2006: 0.00 (unreliable)
2005: 0.00 (unreliable)
2004: 0.00 (unreliable)
2003: 0.00 (unreliable)
2002: 0.00 (unreliable)
2001: 0.00 (unreliable)
2000: 0.00 (unreliable)
1999: 0.00 (unreliable)

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn the District of Columbia, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2013: 0 (suppressed)10
2012: 0 (suppressed)
2011: 0 (suppressed)
2010: 0 (suppressed)
2009: 0 (suppressed)
2008: 0 (suppressed)
2007: 0 (suppressed)
2006: 0 (suppressed)
2005: 0 (suppressed)
2004: 0 (suppressed)
2003: 0 (suppressed)
2002: 0 (suppressed)
2001: 0 (suppressed)
2000: 0 (suppressed)
1999: 0 (suppressed)

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn the District of Columbia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.00 (unreliable)10
2012: 0.00 (unreliable)
2011: 0.00 (unreliable)
2010: 0.00 (unreliable)
2009: 0.00 (unreliable)
2008: 0.00 (unreliable)
2007: 0.00 (unreliable)
2006: 0.00 (unreliable)
2005: 0.00 (unreliable)
2004: 0.00 (unreliable)
2003: 0.00 (unreliable)
2002: 0.00 (unreliable)
2001: 0.00 (unreliable)
2000: 0.00 (unreliable)
1999: 0.00 (unreliable)

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn the District of Columbia, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2013: 0 (suppressed)10
2012: 0 (suppressed)
2011: 0 (suppressed)
2010: 0 (suppressed)
2009: 0 (suppressed)
2008: 0 (suppressed)
2007: 0 (suppressed)
2006: 0 (suppressed)
2005: 0 (suppressed)
2004: 0 (suppressed)
2003: 0 (suppressed)
2002: 0 (suppressed)
2001: 0 (suppressed)
2000: 0 (suppressed)
1999: 0 (suppressed)

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn the District of Columbia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.00 (unreliable)10
2012: 0.00 (unreliable)
2011: 0.00 (unreliable)
2010: 0.00 (unreliable)
2009: 0.00 (unreliable)
2008: 0.00 (unreliable)
2007: 0.00 (unreliable)
2006: 0.00 (unreliable)
2005: 0.00 (unreliable)
2004: 0.00 (unreliable)
2003: 0.00 (unreliable)
2002: 0.00 (unreliable)
2001: 0.00 (unreliable)
2000: 0.00 (unreliable)
1999: 0.00 (unreliable)

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn the District of Columbia, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 0 (suppressed)4
2012: 0 (suppressed)
2011: 0 (suppressed)
2010: 0 (suppressed)
2009: 0 (suppressed)
2008: 0 (suppressed)
2007: 1
2006: 0 (suppressed)
2005: 0 (suppressed)
2004: 0 (suppressed)
2003: 0 (suppressed)
2002: 2
2001: 0 (suppressed)
2000: 0 (suppressed)
1999: 0 (suppressed)

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn the District of Columbia, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.00 (unreliable)4
2012: 0.00 (unreliable)
2011: 0.00 (unreliable)
2010: 0.00 (unreliable)
2009: 0.00 (unreliable)
2008: 0.00 (unreliable)
2007: 0.17
2006: 0.00 (unreliable)
2005: 0.00 (unreliable)
2004: 0.00 (unreliable)
2003: 0.00 (unreliable)
2002: 0.35
2001: 0.00 (unreliable)
2000: 0.00 (unreliable)
1999: 0.00 (unreliable)

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn the District of Columbia, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 0 (suppressed)10
2012: 0 (suppressed)
2011: 0 (suppressed)
2010: 0 (suppressed)
2009: 0 (suppressed)
2008: 0 (suppressed)
2007: 0 (suppressed)
2006: 0 (suppressed)
2005: 0 (suppressed)
2004: 0 (suppressed)
2003: 0 (suppressed)
2002: 0 (suppressed)
2001: 0 (suppressed)
2000: 0 (suppressed)
1999: 0 (suppressed)

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn the District of Columbia, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.00 (unreliable)10
2012: 0.00 (unreliable)
2011: 0.00 (unreliable)
2010: 0.00 (unreliable)
2009: 0.00 (unreliable)
2008: 0.00 (unreliable)
2007: 0.00 (unreliable)
2006: 0.00 (unreliable)
2005: 0.00 (unreliable)
2004: 0.00 (unreliable)
2003: 0.00 (unreliable)
2002: 0.00 (unreliable)
2001: 0.00 (unreliable)
2000: 0.00 (unreliable)
1999: 0.00 (unreliable)

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn the District of Columbia, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 0 (suppressed)10
2012: 0 (suppressed)
2011: 0 (suppressed)
2010: 0 (suppressed)
2009: 0 (suppressed)
2008: 0 (suppressed)
2007: 0 (suppressed)
2006: 0 (suppressed)
2005: 0 (suppressed)
2004: 0 (suppressed)
2003: 0 (suppressed)
2002: 0 (suppressed)
2001: 0 (suppressed)
2000: 0 (suppressed)
1999: 0 (suppressed)

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn the District of Columbia, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.00 (unreliable)10
2012: 0.00 (unreliable)
2011: 0.00 (unreliable)
2010: 0.00 (unreliable)
2009: 0.00 (unreliable)
2008: 0.00 (unreliable)
2007: 0.00 (unreliable)
2006: 0.00 (unreliable)
2005: 0.00 (unreliable)
2004: 0.00 (unreliable)
2003: 0.00 (unreliable)
2002: 0.00 (unreliable)
2001: 0.00 (unreliable)
2000: 0.00 (unreliable)
1999: 0.00 (unreliable)

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn the District of Columbia, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 0 (suppressed)10
2012: 0 (suppressed)
2011: 0 (suppressed)
2010: 0 (suppressed)
2009: 0 (suppressed)
2008: 0 (suppressed)
2007: 0 (suppressed)
2006: 0 (suppressed)
2005: 0 (suppressed)
2004: 0 (suppressed)
2003: 0 (suppressed)
2002: 0 (suppressed)
2001: 0 (suppressed)
2000: 0 (suppressed)
1999: 0 (suppressed)

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn the District of Columbia, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.00 (unreliable)10
2012: 0.00 (unreliable)
2011: 0.00 (unreliable)
2010: 0.00 (unreliable)
2009: 0.00 (unreliable)
2008: 0.00 (unreliable)
2007: 0.00 (unreliable)
2006: 0.00 (unreliable)
2005: 0.00 (unreliable)
2004: 0.00 (unreliable)
2003: 0.00 (unreliable)
2002: 0.00 (unreliable)
2001: 0.00 (unreliable)
2000: 0.00 (unreliable)
1999: 0.00 (unreliable)

Justifiable Gun Homicides

ChartIn the District of Columbia, annual legal-intervention gun homicides total

2011: 1015
2010: 0
2009: 18
2008: 016
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 0
2004: 0
2003: 0
2002: 0
2001: 017
2000: 0
1999: 0
1998: 0
1997: 0
1996: 0
1995: 17

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Origin of Crime Guns

Suppliers of Crime Guns to Other US States (Rate)

When crime guns seized in the United States were traced, interstate gun traffickers had sourced their weapons from the District of Columbia at a rate of 2.218 per 100,000 inhabitants

Suppliers of Crime Guns to Other US States (Rank)

When crime guns seized in the United States were traced, the District of Columbia ranked at No. 5118 out of 51 US jurisdictions as a source of weapons for interstate gun trafficking

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in the District of Columbia is categorised as restrictive19

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in the District of Columbia includes the District of Columbia Code 201220

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in the District of Columbia are regulated by the District Council21 22 23

Right to Possess Firearms

In the District of Columbia, the right to private gun ownership is conditionally guaranteed by the US Constitution,24 as limited by federal law.25 Local law does not include a similar right.26 22 23

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In the District of Columbia, civilians are not allowed to possess machine guns,27 assault weapons,28 .50 calibre rifles29 and large capacity ammunition magazines30 22 23

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In the District of Columbia, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited27 31 22 23

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In the District of Columbia, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is prohibited with only narrow exemptions28 22 23

Regulation of Handguns

In the District of Columbia, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is prohibited28 22 23

Gun Ownership and Possession

In the District of Columbia, only licensed gun owners32 33 22 23 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Gun owners and buyers in the District of Columbia are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example self-defence32 22 23

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in the District of Columbia is 21 years34 22 23

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in the District of Columbia must pass a background check which considers criminal, domestic violence, health, mental health and addiction32 33 22 23 records

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in the District of Columbia stipulates35 22 23 that firearm possession should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In the District of Columbia, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required32 22 23

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In the District of Columbia, the law requires36 22 23 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In the District of Columbia, licensed firearm dealers are required37 22 23 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In the District of Columbia, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited38 22 23

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In the District of Columbia, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful37 22 23

Background Checks for Dealer Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm from a licensed gun dealer in the District of Columbia is obliged39 22 23 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Limit on Gun Dealer Sales

In the District of Columbia, the number and type of firearms which can be sold by a licensed gun dealer to a single gun owner is limited to one every 30 days (handguns only)40 22 23

Number of Licensed Gun Dealers

ChartThe number of licensed firearm dealers in the District of Columbia is reported to be

2015: 2841
2014: 2542
2013: 2343
2012: 2644
2011: 2745

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In the District of Columbia, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is 10 days46 22 23

Regulation of Gun Shows

In the District of Columbia, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated47 22 23 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in the District of Columbia include48 22 23 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private guns and ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in the District of Columbia include37 49 22 23 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in the District of Columbia include50 48 22 23 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In the District of Columbia, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law51 52 53 54 55 22 23

Firearm Tracing

In the District of Columbia, state authorities carry out51 22 23 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In the District of Columbia, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are51 22 23 recorded in a register

Firearm Microstamping

In the District of Columbia, from January 2016 new semi-automatic pistols must be51 22 23 microstamped with a unique identifier

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In the District of Columbia, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is prohibited for handguns, rifles or shotguns56 22 23

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In the District of Columbia, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is prohibited57 22 23

Gun Free Zones

In the District of Columbia, private guns are prohibited in gun free zones58 50 and schools59 22 23


Short References

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GunPolicy.org. 2015. ‘Number of Gun Homicides (Other).’ Definition and Selection Criteria.
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District of Columbia.2012.‘D.C. Code Ann. § 7-2502.02(a)(2), etc..’ Firearms Law Database - Machine Guns and Automatic Firearms in the District of Columbia.San Francisco, CA:Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence,3 January. (Q7783)Full Citation

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District of Columbia.2012.‘D.C. Code Ann. § 7-2502.02(a)(6), etc..’ Firearms Law Database - Assault Weapons in the District of Columbia.San Francisco, CA:Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence,3 January. (Q7784)Full Citation

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District of Columbia.2012.‘D.C. Code Ann. § 7-2502.02(a)(7), etc..’ Firearms Law Database - Fifty Caliber Rifles in the District of Columbia.San Francisco, CA:Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence,3 January. (Q7785)Full Citation

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District of Columbia.2012.‘D.C. Code Ann. § 7-2506.01(b), etc..’ Firearms Law Database - Large Capacity Ammunition Magazines in the District of Columbia.San Francisco, CA:Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence,3 January. (Q7786)Full Citation

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ATF.2010.‘National Firearms Act (NFA).’ Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives - National Firearms Act Branch.Martinsburg, VA:US Department of Justice,8 July. (Q2036)Full Citation

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District of Columbia.2012.‘D.C. Code Ann. §§ 7-2502.01, etc..’ Firearms Law Database - Prohibited Purchasers Generally in the District of Columbia.San Francisco, CA:Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence,3 January. (Q7262)Full Citation

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District of Columbia.2012.‘D.C. Code Ann. §§ 7-2502.01, etc..’ Firearms Law Database - Licensing of Gun Owners and Purchasers in the District of Columbia.San Francisco, CA:Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence,3 January. (Q7899)Full Citation

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District of Columbia.2012.‘D.C. Code Ann. § 7-2502.03(a)(1), etc..’ Firearms Law Database - Minimum Age to Purchase and Possess in the District of Columbia.San Francisco, CA:Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence,3 January. (Q6966)Full Citation

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District of Columbia.2012.‘D.C. Code Ann. § 22-4504.02(a), etc..’ Firearms Law Database - Guns in Vehicles in the District of Columbia.San Francisco, CA:Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence,2 January. (Q7873)Full Citation

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56.

District of Columbia.2012.‘D.C. Code Ann. § 22-4504(a), etc..’ Firearms Law Database - Open Carrying in the District of Columbia.San Francisco, CA:Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence,3 January. (Q7798)Full Citation

57.

District of Columbia.2012.‘D.C. Code Ann. § 22-4504(a), etc..’ Firearms Law Database - Concealed Weapons Permitting in the District of Columbia.San Francisco, CA:Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence,3 January. (Q7552)Full Citation

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District of Columbia.2012.‘D.C. Code Ann. § 22-4502.01(b), etc..’ Firearms Law Database - Other Location Restrictions in the District of Columbia.San Francisco, CA:Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence,2 January. (Q7860)Full Citation

59.

District of Columbia.2012.‘D.C. Code Ann. § 22-4502.01(b), etc..’ Firearms Law Database - Guns in Schools in the District of Columbia.San Francisco, CA:Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence,3 January. (Q7808)Full Citation