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Denmark — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Denmark is 650,0001

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) in Denmark is 12.01 firearms per 100 people

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

In Denmark, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be 100,0002

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

In Denmark, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be 700,0002

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

There are reportedly 50,0002 handguns in civilian possession in Denmark

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Denmark ranked at No. 693

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Denmark ranked at No. 541

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

The number of licensed gun owners in Denmark is reported to be 21,0002

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

The rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Denmark is 0.394

Number of Registered Firearms

The number of registered guns in Denmark is reported to be 850,0002

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

The rate of registered guns per 100 people in Denmark is 15.984

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Denmark are reported to have 346,0055 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Denmark are reported to have 19,6406 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

In Denmark, annual deaths resulting from firearms total 2006: 797

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

In Denmark, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is 2006: 1.457

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Denmark, annual homicides by any means total

2011: 448
2010: 42
2009: 47
2008: 54
2007: 39
2006: 29
2005: 53
2004: 43
2003: 65
2002: 56
2001: 52
2000: 58
1999: 52
1998: 49
1997: 88
1996: 69
1995: 60

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Denmark, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.88
2010: 0.8
2009: 0.9
2008: 1.0
2007: 0.7
2006: 0.5
2005: 1.0
2004: 0.8
2003: 1.2
2002: 1.0
2001: 1.0
2000: 1.1
1999: 1.0
1998: 0.9
1997: 1.7
1996: 1.3
1995: 1.1
1993: 1.219

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Denmark, annual firearm homicides total

2009: 158
2008: 6
2007: 7
2006: 1210 8
2005: 9
2004: 1010
2003: 6
2002: 13
2001: 17
2000: 1510 8
1999: 13
1998: 11
1997: 16
1996: 16
1995: 14
1994: 1610

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Denmark, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2009: 0.38
2008: 0.1
2007: 0.1
2006: 0.2210 8
2005: 0.17
2004: 0.1910
2003: 0.11
2002: 0.24
2001: 0.32
2000: 0.2810 8
1999: 0.24
1998: 0.21
1997: 0.3
1996: 0.29
1995: 0.27
1994: 0.3110
1993: 0.2311

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn Denmark, annual handgun homicides total

2006: 110
2005: 4
2004: 2
2002: 2
2001: 5
2000: 2
1999: 1
1998: 2
1997: 1
1996: 3
1995: 5
1994: 2

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Denmark, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2006: 0.0210
2005: 0.07
2004: 0.04
2002: 0.04
2001: 0.09
2000: 0.04
1999: 0.02
1998: 0.04
1997: 0.02
1996: 0.06
1995: 0.10
1994: 0.04

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn Denmark, annual long gun homicides total

2006: 210
2005: 2
2004: 2
2003: 6
2002: 6
2001: 9
2000: 9
1999: 7
1998: 6
1997: 4
1996: 3
1995: 6
1994: 13

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Denmark, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2006: 0.0410
2005: 0.04
2004: 0.04
2003: 0.11
2002: 0.11
2001: 0.17
2000: 0.17
1999: 0.13
1998: 0.11
1997: 0.08
1996: 0.06
1995: 0.11
1994: 0.25

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Denmark, annual gun homicides (other) total

2006: 910
2005: 3
2004: 6
2002: 5
2001: 3
2000: 4
1999: 5
1998: 3
1997: 11
1996: 9
1995: 3
1994: 1

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Denmark, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2006: 0.1710
2005: 0.06
2004: 0.11
2002: 0.09
2001: 0.06
2000: 0.07
1999: 0.09
1998: 0.06
1997: 0.21
1996: 0.17
1995: 0.06
1994: 0.02

Suicides (any method)

In Denmark, annual suicides by any means total 1996: 89212

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Denmark, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

1996: 16.6312
1993: 22.3313

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Denmark, annual firearm suicides total

2006: 6314
2005: 80
2004: 83
2003: 59
2002: 73
2001: 71
2000: 82
1999: 85
1998: 72
1997: 98
1996: 80
1995: 83
1994: 93

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Denmark, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2006: 1.1614
2005: 1.48
2004: 1.54
2003: 1.1
2002: 1.36
2001: 1.33
2000: 1.54
1999: 1.6
1998: 1.36
1997: 1.85
1996: 1.52
1995: 1.59
1994: 1.79
1993: 2.2515

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn Denmark, annual handgun suicides total

2006: 514
2005: 18
2004: 17
2003: 13
2002: 23
2001: 11
2000: 13
1999: 18
1998: 12
1997: 21
1996: 19
1995: 19
1994: 15

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Denmark, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2006: 0.0914
2005: 0.33
2004: 0.31
2003: 0.24
2002: 0.43
2001: 0.21
2000: 0.24
1999: 0.34
1998: 0.23
1997: 0.40
1996: 0.36
1995: 0.36
1994: 0.29

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn Denmark, the number of long gun suicides is

2006: 5114
2005: 53
2004: 53
2003: 43
2002: 38
2001: 54
2000: 63
1999: 61
1998: 50
1997: 70
1996: 58
1995: 61
1994: 70

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Denmark, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2006: 0.9414
2005: 0.98
2004: 0.98
2003: 0.80
2002: 0.71
2001: 1.01
2000: 1.18
1999: 1.15
1998: 0.94
1997: 1.32
1996: 1.10
1995: 1.17
1994: 1.34

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn Denmark, annual gun suicides (other) total

2006: 714
2005: 9
2004: 13
2003: 3
2002: 12
2001: 6
2000: 6
1999: 6
1998: 10
1997: 7
1996: 3
1995: 3
1994: 8

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Denmark, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2006: 0.1314
2005: 0.17
2004: 0.24
2003: 0.06
2002: 0.22
2001: 0.11
2000: 0.11
1999: 0.11
1998: 0.19
1997: 0.13
1996: 0.06
1995: 0.06
1994: 0.15

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Denmark, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2006: 216
2005: 1
2004: 2
2003: 2
2002: 8
2000: 1
1999: 1
1998: 1
1997: 1
1996: 4
1995: 2
1994: 2

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Denmark, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2006: 0.0416
2005: 0.02
2004: 0.04
2003: 0.04
2002: 0.15
2000: 0.02
1999: 0.02
1998: 0.02
1997: 0.02
1996: 0.08
1995: 0.04
1994: 0.04
1993: 0.0417

Unintentional Handgun Deaths

ChartIn Denmark, annual unintentional shooting deaths by handgun total

2002: 116
1999: 1
1997: 1
1995: 1
1994: 1

Rate of Unintentional Handgun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Denmark, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by handgun per 100,000 population is

2002: 0.0216
1999: 0.02
1997: 0.02
1995: 0.02
1994: 0.02

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn Denmark, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2006: 216
2005: 1
2004: 2
2003: 1
2002: 6
2000: 1
1998: 1
1996: 4
1995: 1

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Denmark, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2006: 0.0416
2005: 0.02
2004: 0.04
2003: 0.02
2002: 0.11
2000: 0.02
1998: 0.02
1996: 0.08
1995: 0.02

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn Denmark, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2003: 116
2002: 1
1994: 1

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Denmark, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2003: 0.0216
2002: 0.02
1994: 0.02

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Denmark, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2006: 218
2005: 2
2004: 4
2003: 3
2002: 2
2001: 1
2000: 4
1999: 2
1998: 3
1997: 1
1996: 2
1995: 3
1994: 2

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Denmark, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2006: 0.0418
2005: 0.04
2004: 0.07
2003: 0.06
2002: 0.04
2001: 0.02
2000: 0.08
1999: 0.04
1998: 0.06
1997: 0.02
1996: 0.04
1995: 0.06
1994: 0.04
1993: 0.0819

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Denmark, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2004: 118
2003: 2
2002: 1
2001: 1
2000: 2
1999: 1
1998: 1
1997: 1
1996: 1

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Denmark, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2004: 0.0218
2003: 0.04
2002: 0.02
2001: 0.02
2000: 0.04
1999: 0.02
1998: 0.02
1997: 0.02
1996: 0.02

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Denmark, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2006: 218
2005: 2
2004: 1
2000: 2
1999: 1
1996: 1
1995: 3
1994: 2

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Denmark, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2006: 0.0418
2005: 0.04
2004: 0.02
2000: 0.04
1999: 0.02
1996: 0.02
1995: 0.06
1994: 0.04

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Denmark, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2004: 218
2003: 1
2002: 1
1998: 2

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Denmark, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2004: 0.0418
2003: 0.02
2002: 0.02
1998: 0.04

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Denmark, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence2

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, Denmark is ranked 'small'20

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Regulation of Firearm Exports

In Denmark, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law21 22 23 24 25 26

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Denmark is reported by Customs to be US$4,940,70527 (2011)

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Denmark is categorized as 'minor'28

Regulation of Firearm Imports

In Denmark, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law21 22 23 24 25

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Denmark is reported by Customs to be US$33,128,87927 (2011)

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Denmark is moderate2

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Denmark, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law21 29 30

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

In the most recent survey of state transparency in declaring firearm and ammunition exports among major small arms exporting nations, Denmark was ranked at No. 1131

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Denmark is categorised as restrictive32

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Denmark includes the Weapons Act No. 735 of 11 August 1994, Section 1,2 the Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons,33 34 the European Union Firearms Regulation of 2012 and the Common Position on the Control of Arms Brokering of 200335

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Denmark are regulated by the Minister of Justice,2 and the European Commission34

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Denmark, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic firearms, firearms disguised as other objects, and armour-piercing, incendiary and expanding ammunition36 37

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Denmark, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited36 37

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Denmark, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted only with special authorisation38 39 37

Regulation of Handguns

In Denmark, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted only with special authorisation36 38 39 37

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Denmark, only licensed gun owners40 36 38 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Denmark are required to prove genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example, hunting, target shooting, collection41

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Denmark is 18 years41

Gun Licence Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Denmark must pass a background check which considers criminal and mental41 records

Licensing Records

In Denmark, authorities maintain a record42 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Denmark are permitted to possess only ammunition suitable for the intended firearm43

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Denmark, the law requires42 44 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Denmark, licensed firearm dealers are required42 44 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Denmark, licensed gun makers are required42 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Denmark, State agencies are required42 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Denmark, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful45 39

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Denmark include2 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Denmark include2 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Denmark, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law46 47

Firearm Tracing

In Denmark, state authorities carry out48 47 44 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

European Union

As a member of the European Union, Denmark is bound by the provisions of the ‘EU Firearms Directive’ – the 2007 Legislative Resolution on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons of the European Parliament49 50

European Union Export Reporting

Under the European Union Common Position on Arms Exports, Denmark is bound to declare its transfers of military technology and equipment. Independent monitoring provides detailed comparisons of arms export reporting compliance across EU member states, and records that Denmark has submitted one or more national reports51 on its arms transfers

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 200852 by Denmark.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified53 by Denmark

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed, but not yet ratified54 by Denmark

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Denmark committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects55

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Denmark has submitted one or more national reports56 57 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Denmark, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated58 57

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Denmark, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has not been designated58 57

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Denmark submitted to the UN, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities is apparent57

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been donated57 by Denmark to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Denmark has declared59 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Denmark has been a Member State of the United Nations since 194560

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies lists61 Denmark as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Global Peace Index

To see where Denmark ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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