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Czech Republic — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in the Czech Republic is

2013: 883,6861 2 3
2012: 865,265
2011: 848,280
2010: 840,661
2005: 1,600,0004

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in the Czech Republic is

2013: 8.335 6 3
2012: 8.17
2011: 8.02
2010: 7.97
2005: 16.34

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

In the Czech Republic, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be 137,2667

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

In the Czech Republic, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be 9,6547

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

In the Czech Republic, the number of handguns in civilian possession is reported to be 136,0897

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, the Czech Republic ranked at No. 428

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, the Czech Republic ranked at No. 384

Proportion of Households with Firearms

In the Czech Republic, the percentage of households with one or more guns is reported to be

1992: 5.2%9

Proportion of Households with Rifles

In the Czech Republic, the percentage of households with one or more rifles is reported to be

1992: 1.2%9

Proportion of Households with Shotguns

In the Czech Republic, the percentage of households with one or more shotguns is reported to be

1992: 3.0%9

Proportion of Households with Handguns

In the Czech Republic, the percentage of households with one or more handguns is reported to be

1992: 1.8%9

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

ChartThe number of licensed gun owners in the Czech Republic is reported to be

2016: 297,96610
1999: 180,1707

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in the Czech Republic is

2016: 2.795
1999: 1.75

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in the Czech Republic is reported to be

2013: 736,40511
2012: 721,05412
2011: 706,90013
2010: 700,55114
2005: 632,0004

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in the Czech Republic is

2013: 6.945
2012: 6.81
2011: 6.69
2010: 6.64
2005: 6.16

Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms

ChartUnlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in the Czech Republic there are estimated to be

2013: 147,2811 15 3
2012: 144,211
2011: 141,380
2010: 140,110

Estimated Rate of Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

ChartUnlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in the Czech Republic the rate of illicit firearms per 100 people is estimated to be

2013: 1.395
2012: 1.36
2011: 1.34
2010: 1.33

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of the Czech Republic are reported to have 266,25016 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in the Czech Republic are reported to have 37,19517 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn the Czech Republic, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 19118 19 20 21
2013: 208
2012: 21318 19 20 21 22
2011: 22418 19 20 21
2010: 18523
2009: 17918 19 20 21
2008: 191
2007: 193
2006: 220
2005: 188
2004: 208
2003: 249
2002: 223
2001: 254
2000: 232
1999: 259
1998: 235
1997: 226
1996: 227
1995: 243
1994: 214

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Czech Republic, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 1.805
2013: 1.96
2012: 2.015 22
2011: 2.125
2010: 1.7623
2009: 1.705
2008: 1.83
2007: 1.86
2006: 2.14
2005: 1.83
2004: 2.03
2003: 2.43
2002: 2.18
2001: 2.48
2000: 2.26
1999: 2.52
1998: 2.28
1997: 2.19
1996: 2.20
1995: 2.35
1994: 2.07

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn the Czech Republic, annual homicides by any means total

2012: 10524 25
2011: 8624 26
2010: 103
2009: 94
2008: 114
2007: 126
2006: 130
2005: 108
2004: 134
2003: 163
2002: 149
2001: 142
2000: 181
1999: 17226
1998: 174
1997: 187
1996: 173
1995: 176

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the Czech Republic, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2012: 1.024 25
2011: 0.824 26
2010: 1.0
2009: 0.9
2008: 1.124 26 27
2007: 1.2
2006: 1.3
2005: 1.1
2004: 1.3
2003: 1.6
2002: 1.5
2001: 1.4
2000: 1.8
1999: 1.726 27
1998: 1.7
1997: 1.8
1996: 1.7
1995: 1.7

Gun Homicides

ChartIn the Czech Republic, annual firearm homicides total

2014: 1318
2013: 17
2012: 1618 24 22
2011: 1718 24
2010: 13
2009: 1818 24 26
2008: 16
2007: 20
2006: 19
2005: 16
2004: 1818 26
2003: 37
2002: 3918
2001: 36
2000: 36
1999: 46
1998: 60
1997: 36
1996: 44
1995: 44
1994: 42

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Czech Republic, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.1218
2013: 0.16
2012: 0.1518 5 22
2011: 0.1618 5
2010: 0.12
2009: 0.1718 5 26
2008: 0.15
2007: 0.19
2006: 0.19
2005: 0.16
2004: 0.1818 26
2003: 0.36
2002: 0.3818
2001: 0.35
2000: 0.35
1999: 0.45
1998: 0.58
1997: 0.35
1996: 0.43
1995: 0.43
1994: 0.41

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn the Czech Republic, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2012: 10%24 25
2011: 11%24
2010: 6%
2009: 15%
2008: 15%
2007: 14%
2006: 12%
2005: 14%
2004: 13.7%26
2003: 19.8%

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn the Czech Republic, annual handgun homicides total

2014: 718
2013: 11
2012: 7
2011: 9
2010: 7
2009: 12
2008: 14
2007: 10
2006: 12
2005: 7
2004: 6
2003: 19
2002: 20
2001: 16
2000: 18
1999: 29
1998: 40
1997: 15
1996: 26
1995: 15
1994: 35

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Czech Republic, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0718
2013: 0.10
2012: 0.07
2011: 0.09
2010: 0.07
2009: 0.11
2008: 0.13
2007: 0.10
2006: 0.12
2005: 0.07
2004: 0.06
2003: 0.19
2002: 0.20
2001: 0.16
2000: 0.18
1999: 0.28
1998: 0.39
1997: 0.15
1996: 0.25
1995: 0.15
1994: 0.34

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn the Czech Republic, annual long gun homicides total

2012: 118
2011: 1
2009: 3
2008: 1
2007: 1
2006: 2
2005: 1
2004: 2
2003: 3
2002: 2
2001: 1
2000: 1
1998: 4
1997: 4
1996: 1
1995: 3
1994: 1

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Czech Republic, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.0118
2011: 0.01
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.02
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.02
2003: 0.03
2002: 0.02
2001: 0.01
2000: 0.01
1998: 0.04
1997: 0.04
1996: 0.01
1995: 0.03
1994: 0.01

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn the Czech Republic, annual gun homicides (other) total

2014: 618
2013: 6
2012: 8
2011: 7
2010: 6
2009: 3
2008: 1
2007: 9
2006: 5
2005: 8
2004: 10
2003: 15
2002: 17
2001: 19
2000: 17
1999: 17
1998: 16
1997: 17
1996: 17
1995: 26
1994: 6

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Czech Republic, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0618
2013: 0.06
2012: 0.08
2011: 0.07
2010: 0.06
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.09
2006: 0.05
2005: 0.08
2004: 0.10
2003: 0.15
2002: 0.17
2001: 0.18
2000: 0.17
1999: 0.17
1998: 0.16
1997: 0.17
1996: 0.16
1995: 0.25
1994: 0.06

Suicides (any method)

In the Czech Republic, annual suicides by any means total

1999: 1,61028

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In the Czech Republic, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

1999: 15.7328

Gun Suicides

ChartIn the Czech Republic, annual firearm suicides total

2014: 16219
2013: 175
2012: 17419 22
2011: 18619
2010: 146
2009: 122
2008: 130
2007: 146
2006: 164
2005: 139
2004: 159
2003: 204
2002: 161
2001: 193
2000: 174
1999: 185
1998: 147
1997: 156
1996: 159
1995: 172
1994: 142

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Czech Republic, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 1.5419
2013: 1.67
2012: 1.6619 22
2011: 1.7719
2010: 1.39
2009: 1.16
2008: 1.25
2007: 1.41
2006: 1.6
2005: 1.36
2004: 1.56
2003: 2.0
2002: 1.58
2001: 1.88
2000: 1.69
1999: 1.8
1998: 1.43
1997: 1.51
1996: 1.54
1995: 1.66
1994: 1.37

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn the Czech Republic, annual handgun suicides total

2014: 9319
2013: 114
2012: 68
2011: 89
2010: 59
2009: 56
2008: 54
2007: 64
2006: 71
2005: 60
2004: 58
2003: 76
2002: 62
2001: 58
2000: 68
1999: 77
1998: 54
1997: 45
1996: 43
1995: 49
1994: 54

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Czech Republic, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.8819
2013: 1.08
2012: 0.65
2011: 0.85
2010: 0.56
2009: 0.53
2008: 0.52
2007: 0.62
2006: 0.69
2005: 0.59
2004: 0.57
2003: 0.75
2002: 0.61
2001: 0.56
2000: 0.66
1999: 0.75
1998: 0.52
1997: 0.44
1996: 0.42
1995: 0.47
1994: 0.52

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn the Czech Republic, the number of long gun suicides is

2014: 2819
2013: 20
2012: 13
2011: 14
2010: 15
2009: 10
2008: 22
2007: 23
2006: 17
2005: 16
2004: 24
2003: 22
2002: 14
2001: 26
2000: 18
1999: 26
1998: 15
1997: 16
1996: 15
1995: 18
1994: 19

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Czech Republic, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.2719
2013: 0.19
2012: 0.12
2011: 0.13
2010: 0.14
2009: 0.10
2008: 0.21
2007: 0.22
2006: 0.17
2005: 0.16
2004: 0.24
2003: 0.22
2002: 0.14
2001: 0.25
2000: 0.18
1999: 0.25
1998: 0.15
1997: 0.16
1996: 0.15
1995: 0.17
1994: 0.18

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn the Czech Republic, annual gun suicides (other) total

2014: 4119
2013: 41
2012: 93
2011: 83
2010: 72
2009: 56
2008: 54
2007: 59
2006: 76
2005: 63
2004: 77
2003: 106
2002: 85
2001: 109
2000: 88
1999: 82
1998: 78
1997: 95
1996: 101
1995: 105
1994: 69

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Czech Republic, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.3919
2013: 0.39
2012: 0.88
2011: 0.79
2010: 0.68
2009: 0.53
2008: 0.52
2007: 0.57
2006: 0.74
2005: 0.62
2004: 0.75
2003: 1.04
2002: 0.83
2001: 1.06
2000: 0.86
1999: 0.80
1998: 0.76
1997: 0.92
1996: 0.98
1995: 1.02
1994: 0.67

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn the Czech Republic, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2014: 720
2013: 5
2012: 920 22
2011: 1220
2010: 10
2009: 14
2008: 12
2007: 10
2006: 6
2005: 10
2004: 10
2003: 3
2002: 15
2001: 13
2000: 7
1999: 17
1998: 14
1997: 25
1996: 17
1995: 12
1994: 13

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Czech Republic, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0720
2013: 0.05
2012: 0.09
2011: 0.11
2010: 0.10
2009: 0.13
2008: 0.12
2007: 0.1
2006: 0.06
2005: 0.1
2004: 0.1
2003: 0.03
2002: 0.15
2001: 0.13
2000: 0.07
1999: 0.17
1998: 0.14
1997: 0.24
1996: 0.16
1995: 0.12
1994: 0.13

Unintentional Handgun Deaths

ChartIn the Czech Republic, annual unintentional shooting deaths by handgun total

2014: 420
2013: 1
2012: 7
2011: 3
2010: 4
2009: 8
2008: 8
2007: 4
2006: 5
2005: 4
2004: 3
2002: 9
2001: 8
2000: 2
1999: 10
1998: 6
1997: 14
1996: 10
1995: 8
1994: 3

Rate of Unintentional Handgun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Czech Republic, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by handgun per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0420
2013: 0.01
2012: 0.07
2011: 0.03
2010: 0.04
2009: 0.08
2008: 0.08
2007: 0.04
2006: 0.05
2005: 0.04
2004: 0.03
2002: 0.09
2001: 0.08
2000: 0.02
1999: 0.10
1998: 0.06
1997: 0.14
1996: 0.10
1995: 0.08
1994: 0.03

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn the Czech Republic, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2014: 220
2013: 2
2011: 2
2010: 1
2009: 3
2008: 2
2007: 2
2005: 3
2004: 4
2003: 2
2002: 4
2001: 1
2000: 1
1999: 2
1998: 2
1997: 4
1996: 4
1995: 1
1994: 4

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Czech Republic, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0220
2013: 0.02
2011: 0.02
2010: 0.01
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.02
2005: 0.03
2004: 0.04
2003: 0.02
2002: 0.04
2001: 0.01
2000: 0.01
1999: 0.02
1998: 0.02
1997: 0.04
1996: 0.04
1995: 0.01
1994: 0.04

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn the Czech Republic, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2014: 120
2013: 2
2012: 2
2011: 7
2010: 5
2009: 3
2008: 2
2007: 4
2006: 1
2005: 3
2004: 3
2003: 1
2002: 2
2001: 4
2000: 4
1999: 5
1998: 6
1997: 7
1996: 3
1995: 3
1994: 6

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Czech Republic, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0120
2013: 0.02
2012: 0.02
2011: 0.07
2010: 0.05
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.04
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.03
2004: 0.03
2003: 0.01
2002: 0.02
2001: 0.04
2000: 0.04
1999: 0.05
1998: 0.06
1997: 0.07
1996: 0.03
1995: 0.03
1994: 0.06

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn the Czech Republic, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 921
2013: 11
2012: 1421 22
2011: 921
2010: 16
2009: 25
2008: 33
2007: 17
2006: 31
2005: 23
2004: 21
2003: 5
2002: 8
2001: 12
2000: 15
1999: 11
1998: 14
1997: 9
1996: 7
1995: 15
1994: 17

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Czech Republic, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0921
2013: 0.10
2012: 0.13
2011: 0.09
2010: 0.15
2009: 0.24
2008: 0.32
2007: 0.16
2006: 0.30
2005: 0.22
2004: 0.21
2003: 0.05
2002: 0.08
2001: 0.12
2000: 0.15
1999: 0.11
1998: 0.14
1997: 0.09
1996: 0.07
1995: 0.15
1994: 0.16

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn the Czech Republic, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 421
2013: 4
2012: 4
2011: 2
2010: 7
2009: 13
2008: 24
2007: 13
2006: 20
2005: 6
2004: 11
2002: 2
2001: 9
2000: 9
1999: 8
1998: 10
1997: 5
1996: 4
1995: 11
1994: 6

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Czech Republic, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0421
2013: 0.04
2012: 0.04
2011: 0.02
2010: 0.07
2009: 0.12
2008: 0.23
2007: 0.13
2006: 0.19
2005: 0.06
2004: 0.11
2002: 0.02
2001: 0.09
2000: 0.09
1999: 0.08
1998: 0.10
1997: 0.05
1996: 0.04
1995: 0.11
1994: 0.06

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn the Czech Republic, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 221
2012: 2
2010: 2
2009: 4
2008: 4
2007: 3
2006: 6
2005: 10
2004: 5
2001: 1
1999: 1
1998: 1
1996: 2
1995: 1
1994: 1

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Czech Republic, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0221
2012: 0.02
2010: 0.02
2009: 0.04
2008: 0.04
2007: 0.03
2006: 0.06
2005: 0.10
2004: 0.05
2001: 0.01
1999: 0.01
1998: 0.01
1996: 0.02
1995: 0.01
1994: 0.01

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn the Czech Republic, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 521
2013: 5
2012: 8
2011: 7
2010: 7
2009: 8
2008: 5
2007: 1
2006: 5
2005: 7
2004: 5
2003: 5
2002: 6
2001: 2
2000: 6
1999: 2
1998: 3
1997: 4
1996: 1
1995: 3
1994: 10

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Czech Republic, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0521
2013: 0.05
2012: 0.08
2011: 0.07
2010: 0.07
2009: 0.08
2008: 0.05
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.05
2005: 0.07
2004: 0.05
2003: 0.05
2002: 0.06
2001: 0.02
2000: 0.06
1999: 0.02
1998: 0.03
1997: 0.04
1996: 0.01
1995: 0.03
1994: 0.10

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In the Czech Republic, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, the Czech Republic was ranked 'medium'38

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In the Czech Republic, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from the Czech Republic is reported by Customs to be US$96,925,12848 (2011)49 50 51

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, the Czech Republic was categorized as 'major'52 53 54 q11037} 55

Firearm Imports

In the Czech Republic, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law56 57 40 41 42 43 44 45 46

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to the Czech Republic is reported by Customs to be US$16,170,59348 (2011)58 59 60 61

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in the Czech Republic is low7

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In the Czech Republic, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law62 63 42 64 65

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in the Czech Republic include39 62 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

ChartIn its annual Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer, the Small Arms Survey compares public reporting among major arms exporting nations on a scale from strong to weak (25 to zero). In recent years, the Czech Republic scored

2016: 12.7566
2014: 14.5067
2013: 14.7568
2012: 14.0069
2011: 15.0070
2010: 13.5071
2009: 13.0072
2008: 13.7573
2007: 14.2574
2006: 14.2575
2005: 14.2576
2004: 11.0077

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in the Czech Republic is categorised as restrictive78

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in the Czech Republic includes the Act on Firearms and Ammunition of 2014,79 the Firearms Act No. 119/2002, the Act No. 156/2000 on the proof of firearms, ammunition and pyrotechnic objects, the Act No. 228/2005 on control of trade in products and the Act No. 115/2014 on securing weapons through transport,36 40 the Act No. 38/1994 on regulation of foreign trade with military material,63 the Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons,80 81 the European Union Firearms Regulation of 2012, the Common Position on the Control of Arms Brokering of 2003,82 and the Convention of 1 July 1969 on Reciprocal Recognition of Proofmarks on Small Arms83

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in the Czech Republic are regulated by the Ministry of the Interior,7 the Police,84 and the European Commission81

Right to Possess Firearms

In the Czech Republic, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law85 86

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In the Czech Republic, civilians are not allowed to possess military weapons, automatic firearms, firearms disguised as other objects, and armour-piercing, incendiary and expanding ammunition87 88 89 90 91

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In the Czech Republic, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited, with only narrow exceptions87 89 88 90 91 25

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In the Czech Republic, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted only with authorisation87 92 93 94 95 91

Regulation of Handguns

In the Czech Republic, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted only with authorisation87 89 92 90 94 95 91 25

Law Regulates Long Guns

In the Czech Republic, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law87 89 92 93 25

Gun Ownership and Possession

In the Czech Republic, only licensed gun owners96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 90 94 25 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in the Czech Republic are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, target shooting, collection, personal protection, security98 99 107 108

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in the Czech Republic is between 15 and 21 years109 108

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in the Czech Republic must pass a background check which considers health, mental health, criminal and addiction110 111 102 112 108 25 records

Firearm Safety Training

In the Czech Republic, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required102 113 114 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In the Czech Republic, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every ten years107

Licensing Records

In the Czech Republic, authorities maintain a record115 116 117 118 119 120 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in the Czech Republic are permitted to possess only ammunition suitable for the licensed firearm104 121

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In the Czech Republic, the law requires115 116 117 122 123 124 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In the Czech Republic, licensed firearm dealers are required117 123 124 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In the Czech Republic, licensed gun makers are required117 123 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In the Czech Republic, State agencies are required123 122 125 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In the Czech Republic, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful29 30 31 32 33 34 35 126 95

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in the Czech Republic include127 105 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in the Czech Republic include127 34 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in the Czech Republic include125 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in the Czech Republic include7 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In the Czech Republic, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law128 129 37 130

Firearm Tracing

In the Czech Republic, state authorities carry out131 132 129 124 133 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In the Czech Republic, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit (in exceptional circumstances)104 105 25

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In the Czech Republic, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit (in exceptional circumstances)104 105 25

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In the Czech Republic, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm134 is two years in prison37 135 and/or a fine of up to CZK 50,000136

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn the Czech Republic, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2011: 231137
2010: 182

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In the Czech Republic, it is not state policy138 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

European Union

As a member of the European Union, the Czech Republic is bound by the provisions of the ‘EU Firearms Directive’ – the 2007 Legislative Resolution on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons of the European Parliament139 140

European Union Export Reporting

Under the European Union Common Position on Arms Exports, the Czech Republic is bound to declare its transfers of military technology and equipment. Independent monitoring provides detailed comparisons of arms export reporting compliance across EU member states, and records that the Czech Republic has submitted one or more national reports141 on its arms transfers

United Nations Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice

The UNCCPCJ, a subsidiary body of the Economic and Social Council mandated to promote action to prevent national and transnational crime, lists142 the Czech Republic as an elected member

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was not signed143 by the Czech Republic.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified144 by the Czech Republic

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified145 by the Czech Republic

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, the Czech Republic committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects146

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored the Czech Republic against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 7147 148 149 150 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, the Czech Republic has submitted one or more national reports151 152 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In the Czech Republic, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated153 152

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In the Czech Republic, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has not been designated153 152

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of the Czech Republic submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent152

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been donated152 by the Czech Republic to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, the Czech Republic has declared154 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, the Czech Republic has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1993155

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies lists156 the Czech Republic as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Global Peace Index

To see where the Czech Republic ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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