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Czech Republic — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in the Czech Republic is 1,600,0001

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) in the Czech Republic is 16.31 firearms per 100 people

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

In the Czech Republic, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be 137,2662

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

In the Czech Republic, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be 9,6542

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

There are reportedly 136,0892 handguns in civilian possession in the Czech Republic

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, the Czech Republic ranked at No. 423

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, the Czech Republic ranked at No. 381

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

The number of licensed gun owners in the Czech Republic is reported to be 180,1702

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

The rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in the Czech Republic is 1.754

Number of Registered Firearms

The number of registered guns in the Czech Republic is reported to be 632,0003

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

The rate of registered guns per 100 people in the Czech Republic is 6.174

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of the Czech Republic are reported to have 266,2505 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in the Czech Republic are reported to have 37,1956 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

In the Czech Republic, annual deaths resulting from firearms total 2010: 1857

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

In the Czech Republic, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is 2010: 1.767

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn the Czech Republic, annual homicides by any means total

2011: 838
2010: 108
2009: 92
2008: 106
2007: 118
2006: 120
2005: 96
2004: 134
2003: 161
2002: 147
2001: 157
2000: 174
1999: 172
1998: 174
1997: 187
1996: 173
1995: 176

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the Czech Republic, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.88
2010: 1.0
2009: 0.9
2008: 1.08 9
2007: 1.1
2006: 1.2
2005: 0.9
2004: 1.3
2003: 1.6
2002: 1.4
2001: 1.5
2000: 1.7
1999: 1.7
1998: 1.7
1997: 1.8
1996: 1.7
1995: 1.7

Gun Homicides

ChartIn the Czech Republic, annual firearm homicides total

2010: 1310
2009: 1810 8
2008: 16
2007: 20
2006: 19
2005: 16
2004: 18
2003: 37
2002: 3910
2001: 36
2000: 36
1999: 46
1998: 60
1997: 36
1996: 44
1995: 44
1994: 42

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Czech Republic, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.1210
2009: 0.1710 8
2008: 0.15
2007: 0.19
2006: 0.19
2005: 0.16
2004: 0.18
2003: 0.36
2002: 0.3810
2001: 0.35
2000: 0.35
1999: 0.45
1998: 0.58
1997: 0.35
1996: 0.43
1995: 0.43
1994: 0.41

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn the Czech Republic, annual handgun homicides total

2010: 710
2009: 12
2008: 14
2007: 10
2006: 12
2005: 7
2004: 6
2003: 19
2002: 20
2001: 16
2000: 18
1999: 29
1998: 40
1997: 15
1996: 26
1995: 15
1994: 35

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Czech Republic, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.0710
2009: 0.11
2008: 0.13
2007: 0.10
2006: 0.12
2005: 0.07
2004: 0.06
2003: 0.19
2002: 0.20
2001: 0.16
2000: 0.18
1999: 0.28
1998: 0.39
1997: 0.15
1996: 0.25
1995: 0.15
1994: 0.34

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn the Czech Republic, annual long gun homicides total

2009: 310
2008: 1
2007: 1
2006: 2
2005: 1
2004: 2
2003: 3
2002: 2
2001: 1
2000: 1
1998: 4
1997: 4
1996: 1
1995: 3
1994: 1

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Czech Republic, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2009: 0.0310
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.02
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.02
2003: 0.03
2002: 0.02
2001: 0.01
2000: 0.01
1998: 0.04
1997: 0.04
1996: 0.01
1995: 0.03
1994: 0.01

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn the Czech Republic, annual gun homicides (other) total

2010: 610
2009: 3
2008: 1
2007: 9
2006: 5
2005: 8
2004: 10
2003: 15
2002: 17
2001: 19
2000: 17
1999: 17
1998: 16
1997: 17
1996: 17
1995: 26
1994: 6

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Czech Republic, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.0610
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.09
2006: 0.05
2005: 0.08
2004: 0.10
2003: 0.15
2002: 0.17
2001: 0.18
2000: 0.17
1999: 0.17
1998: 0.16
1997: 0.17
1996: 0.16
1995: 0.25
1994: 0.06

Suicides (any method)

In the Czech Republic, annual suicides by any means total 1999: 1,61011

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In the Czech Republic, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is 1999: 15.7311

Gun Suicides

ChartIn the Czech Republic, annual firearm suicides total

2010: 14612
2009: 122
2008: 130
2007: 146
2006: 164
2005: 139
2004: 159
2003: 204
2002: 161
2001: 193
2000: 174
1999: 185
1998: 147
1997: 156
1996: 159
1995: 172
1994: 142

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Czech Republic, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2010: 1.3912
2009: 1.16
2008: 1.25
2007: 1.41
2006: 1.6
2005: 1.36
2004: 1.56
2003: 2.0
2002: 1.58
2001: 1.88
2000: 1.69
1999: 1.8
1998: 1.43
1997: 1.51
1996: 1.54
1995: 1.66
1994: 1.37

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn the Czech Republic, annual handgun suicides total

2010: 5912
2009: 56
2008: 54
2007: 64
2006: 71
2005: 60
2004: 58
2003: 76
2002: 62
2001: 58
2000: 68
1999: 77
1998: 54
1997: 45
1996: 43
1995: 49
1994: 54

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Czech Republic, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.5612
2009: 0.53
2008: 0.52
2007: 0.62
2006: 0.69
2005: 0.59
2004: 0.57
2003: 0.75
2002: 0.61
2001: 0.56
2000: 0.66
1999: 0.75
1998: 0.52
1997: 0.44
1996: 0.42
1995: 0.47
1994: 0.52

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn the Czech Republic, the number of long gun suicides is

2010: 1512
2009: 10
2008: 22
2007: 23
2006: 17
2005: 16
2004: 24
2003: 22
2002: 14
2001: 26
2000: 18
1999: 26
1998: 15
1997: 16
1996: 15
1995: 18
1994: 19

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Czech Republic, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.1412
2009: 0.10
2008: 0.21
2007: 0.22
2006: 0.17
2005: 0.16
2004: 0.24
2003: 0.22
2002: 0.14
2001: 0.25
2000: 0.18
1999: 0.25
1998: 0.15
1997: 0.16
1996: 0.15
1995: 0.17
1994: 0.18

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn the Czech Republic, annual gun suicides (other) total

2010: 7212
2009: 56
2008: 54
2007: 59
2006: 76
2005: 63
2004: 77
2003: 106
2002: 85
2001: 109
2000: 88
1999: 82
1998: 78
1997: 95
1996: 101
1995: 105
1994: 69

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Czech Republic, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.6812
2009: 0.53
2008: 0.52
2007: 0.57
2006: 0.74
2005: 0.62
2004: 0.75
2003: 1.04
2002: 0.83
2001: 1.06
2000: 0.86
1999: 0.80
1998: 0.76
1997: 0.92
1996: 0.98
1995: 1.02
1994: 0.67

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn the Czech Republic, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2010: 1013
2009: 14
2008: 12
2007: 10
2006: 6
2005: 10
2004: 10
2003: 3
2002: 15
2001: 13
2000: 7
1999: 17
1998: 14
1997: 25
1996: 17
1995: 12
1994: 13

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Czech Republic, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.1013
2009: 0.13
2008: 0.12
2007: 0.1
2006: 0.06
2005: 0.1
2004: 0.1
2003: 0.03
2002: 0.15
2001: 0.13
2000: 0.07
1999: 0.17
1998: 0.14
1997: 0.24
1996: 0.16
1995: 0.12
1994: 0.13

Unintentional Handgun Deaths

ChartIn the Czech Republic, annual unintentional shooting deaths by handgun total

2010: 413
2009: 8
2008: 8
2007: 4
2006: 5
2005: 4
2004: 3
2002: 9
2001: 8
2000: 2
1999: 10
1998: 6
1997: 14
1996: 10
1995: 8
1994: 3

Rate of Unintentional Handgun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Czech Republic, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by handgun per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.0413
2009: 0.08
2008: 0.08
2007: 0.04
2006: 0.05
2005: 0.04
2004: 0.03
2002: 0.09
2001: 0.08
2000: 0.02
1999: 0.10
1998: 0.06
1997: 0.14
1996: 0.10
1995: 0.08
1994: 0.03

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn the Czech Republic, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2010: 113
2009: 3
2008: 2
2007: 2
2005: 3
2004: 4
2003: 2
2002: 4
2001: 1
2000: 1
1999: 2
1998: 2
1997: 4
1996: 4
1995: 1
1994: 4

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Czech Republic, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.0113
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.02
2005: 0.03
2004: 0.04
2003: 0.02
2002: 0.04
2001: 0.01
2000: 0.01
1999: 0.02
1998: 0.02
1997: 0.04
1996: 0.04
1995: 0.01
1994: 0.04

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn the Czech Republic, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2010: 513
2009: 3
2008: 2
2007: 4
2006: 1
2005: 3
2004: 3
2003: 1
2002: 2
2001: 4
2000: 4
1999: 5
1998: 6
1997: 7
1996: 3
1995: 3
1994: 6

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Czech Republic, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.0513
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.04
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.03
2004: 0.03
2003: 0.01
2002: 0.02
2001: 0.04
2000: 0.04
1999: 0.05
1998: 0.06
1997: 0.07
1996: 0.03
1995: 0.03
1994: 0.06

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn the Czech Republic, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2010: 1614
2009: 25
2008: 33
2007: 17
2006: 31
2005: 23
2004: 21
2003: 5
2002: 8
2001: 12
2000: 15
1999: 11
1998: 14
1997: 9
1996: 7
1995: 15
1994: 17

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Czech Republic, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.1514
2009: 0.24
2008: 0.32
2007: 0.16
2006: 0.30
2005: 0.22
2004: 0.21
2003: 0.05
2002: 0.08
2001: 0.12
2000: 0.15
1999: 0.11
1998: 0.14
1997: 0.09
1996: 0.07
1995: 0.15
1994: 0.16

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn the Czech Republic, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2010: 714
2009: 13
2008: 24
2007: 13
2006: 20
2005: 6
2004: 11
2002: 2
2001: 9
2000: 9
1999: 8
1998: 10
1997: 5
1996: 4
1995: 11
1994: 6

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Czech Republic, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.0714
2009: 0.12
2008: 0.23
2007: 0.13
2006: 0.19
2005: 0.06
2004: 0.11
2002: 0.02
2001: 0.09
2000: 0.09
1999: 0.08
1998: 0.10
1997: 0.05
1996: 0.04
1995: 0.11
1994: 0.06

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn the Czech Republic, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2010: 214
2009: 4
2008: 4
2007: 3
2006: 6
2005: 10
2004: 5
2001: 1
1999: 1
1998: 1
1996: 2
1995: 1
1994: 1

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Czech Republic, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.0214
2009: 0.04
2008: 0.04
2007: 0.03
2006: 0.06
2005: 0.10
2004: 0.05
2001: 0.01
1999: 0.01
1998: 0.01
1996: 0.02
1995: 0.01
1994: 0.01

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn the Czech Republic, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2010: 714
2009: 8
2008: 5
2007: 1
2006: 5
2005: 7
2004: 5
2003: 5
2002: 6
2001: 2
2000: 6
1999: 2
1998: 3
1997: 4
1996: 1
1995: 3
1994: 10

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Czech Republic, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.0714
2009: 0.08
2008: 0.05
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.05
2005: 0.07
2004: 0.05
2003: 0.05
2002: 0.06
2001: 0.02
2000: 0.06
1999: 0.02
1998: 0.03
1997: 0.04
1996: 0.01
1995: 0.03
1994: 0.10

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In the Czech Republic, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence2

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, the Czech Republic is ranked 'medium'15

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Regulation of Firearm Exports

In the Czech Republic, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law16 17 18 19 20 21

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from the Czech Republic is reported by Customs to be US$96,925,12822 (2011)

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, the Czech Republic is categorized as 'mid-level'23

Regulation of Firearm Imports

In the Czech Republic, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law16 17 18 19 20

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to the Czech Republic is reported by Customs to be US$16,170,59322 (2011)

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in the Czech Republic is low2

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In the Czech Republic, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law16 24 25

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

In the most recent survey of state transparency in declaring firearm and ammunition exports among major small arms exporting nations, the Czech Republic was ranked at No. 1526

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in the Czech Republic is categorised as restrictive27

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in the Czech Republic includes the Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons,28 29 the European Union Firearms Regulation of 2012, the Common Position on the Control of Arms Brokering of 2003,30 and the Convention of 1 July 1969 on Reciprocal Recognition of Proofmarks on Small Arms31

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in the Czech Republic are regulated by the Ministry of the Interior,2 and the European Commission29

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In the Czech Republic, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic firearms, firearms disguised as other objects, and armour-piercing, incendiary and expanding ammunition32 33

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In the Czech Republic, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited32 33

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In the Czech Republic, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted only with special authorisation34 35 33

Regulation of Handguns

In the Czech Republic, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted only with special authorisation32 34 35 33

Gun Ownership and Possession

In the Czech Republic, only licensed gun owners (for certain arms)36 32 34 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in the Czech Republic are required to prove genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example, hunting, target shooting, collection, personal protection, security37

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in the Czech Republic is 18 years37

Gun Licence Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in the Czech Republic must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental and domestic violence37 records

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in the Czech Republic stipulates2 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In the Czech Republic, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required2 for a firearm licence

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in the Czech Republic are permitted to possess only ammunition suitable for the intended firearm38

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In the Czech Republic, the law requires39 40 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In the Czech Republic, licensed firearm dealers are required39 40 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In the Czech Republic, licensed gun makers are required39 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In the Czech Republic, State agencies are required39 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In the Czech Republic, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful41 35

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in the Czech Republic include2 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in the Czech Republic include2 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In the Czech Republic, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law42 43

Firearm Tracing

In the Czech Republic, state authorities carry out44 43 40 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In the Czech Republic, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit2

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

European Union

As a member of the European Union, the Czech Republic is bound by the provisions of the ‘EU Firearms Directive’ – the 2007 Legislative Resolution on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons of the European Parliament45 46

European Union Export Reporting

Under the European Union Common Position on Arms Exports, the Czech Republic is bound to declare its transfers of military technology and equipment. Independent monitoring provides detailed comparisons of arms export reporting compliance across EU member states, and records that the Czech Republic has submitted one or more national reports47 on its arms transfers

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was not signed48 by the Czech Republic.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has been signed, but not yet ratified49 by the Czech Republic

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified50 by the Czech Republic

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, the Czech Republic committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects51

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, the Czech Republic has submitted one or more national reports52 53 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In the Czech Republic, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated54 53

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In the Czech Republic, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has not been designated54 53

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of the Czech Republic submitted to the UN, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities is apparent53

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been donated53 by the Czech Republic to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, the Czech Republic has declared55 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, the Czech Republic has been a Member State of the United Nations since 199356

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies lists57 the Czech Republic as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Global Peace Index

To see where the Czech Republic ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


Short References

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Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms - Annexe online.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q5)Full Citation

2.

United Nations.1999.‘Analysis of Country Responses.’ United Nations International Study on Firearm Regulation.Vienna:UN Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Division,30 August. (Q1)Full Citation

3.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q4)Full Citation

4.

GunPolicy.org.2011.‘Calculated Rates – Czech Republic.’ Historical Population Data – USCB International Data Base.Suitland, MD:US Census Bureau Population Division,17 March. (Q4223)Full Citation

5.

Karp, Aaron.2006.‘Trickle and Torrent: State stockpiles.’ Small Arms Survey 2006: Unfinished Business.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q6)Full Citation

6.

Karp, Aaron.2006.‘Trickle and Torrent: State stockpiles.’ Small Arms Survey 2006: Unfinished Business.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q7)Full Citation

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WHO.2011.‘Inter-country Comparison of Mortality for Selected Cause of Death – Total Firearm Death.’ European Detailed Mortality Database (DMDB).Copenhagen:World Health Organisation Regional Office for Europe,15 September. (Q5684)Full Citation

8.

UNODC.2013.‘Homicide in 207 Countries - Czech Republic.’ Global Study on Homicide 2011: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,26 June. (Q6282)Full Citation

9.

Petrini, Benjamin.2011.‘Europe and Central Asia, 1995-2008, Total Recorded Intentional Homicide, Completed, Rate per 100,000 Population.’ World Bank Homicide Rate Dataset 1995-2008.Washington DC:Social Development Department, World Bank,10 February. (Q3816)Full Citation

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WHO.2012.‘Inter-country Comparison of Mortality for Selected Cause of Death – Gun Homicide in the Czech Republic.’ European Detailed Mortality Database (DMDB).Copenhagen:World Health Organisation Regional Office for Europe,14 February. (Q6082)Full Citation

11.

Jackson, Thomas.2005.‘Global Gun Deaths.’ NISAT Firearm Mortality Database 2005.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,1 January. (Q12)Full Citation

12.

WHO.2012.‘Inter-country Comparison of Mortality for Selected Cause of Death – Gun Suicide in Czech Republic.’ European Detailed Mortality Database (DMDB).Copenhagen:World Health Organisation Regional Office for Europe,27 February. (Q6139)Full Citation

13.

WHO.2012.‘Inter-country Comparison of Mortality for Selected Cause of Death – Unintentional Gun Deaths in Czech Republic.’ European Detailed Mortality Database (DMDB).Copenhagen:World Health Organisation Regional Office for Europe,9 March. (Q6179)Full Citation

14.

WHO.2012.‘Inter-country Comparison of Mortality for Selected Cause of Death – Gun Death from Undetermined Cause in the Czech Republic.’ European Detailed Mortality Database (DMDB).Copenhagen:World Health Organisation Regional Office for Europe,20 June. (Q6439)Full Citation

15.

Small Arms Survey.2001.‘Ranking of World's Small Arms Producers (By Sales).’ Small Arms Survey 2001: Profiling the Problem.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q103)Full Citation

16.

IANSA.2006.‘Reviewing Action on Small Arms 2006: Assessing the first five years of the UN Programme of Action.’ Biting the Bullet 'Red Book' 2006.New York:International Action Network on Small Arms and the Biting the Bullet project,26 June. (Q82)Full Citation

17.

European Council.1991.‘Article 11.’ Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons (91/477/EEC) [current to 2008 amendments].Brussels:Council of the European Communities,18 June. (Q2414)Full Citation

18.

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