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Cyprus — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Cyprus is 275,0001

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Cyprus is 36.41

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

In Cyprus, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be 104,6312

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

In Cyprus, the number of handguns in civilian possession is reported to be 302

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Cyprus ranked at No. 1073

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Cyprus ranked at No. 61

Number of Registered Firearms

The number of registered guns in Cyprus is reported to be 104,6611 2

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

The rate of registered guns per 100 people in Cyprus is 10.354

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Cyprus are reported to have 296,0005 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Cyprus are reported to have 2,8076 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Cyprus, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2013: 217 8 9
2012: 247 8 10
2011: 77 8
2010: 711
2009: 147 8 9
2008: 137 8 9
2007: 117 8 9 12
2006: 12
2005: 117 8 9
2004: 9

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Cyprus, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2013: 1.824
2012: 2.114 10
2011: 0.624
2010: 0.8311
2009: 1.294
2008: 1.22
2007: 1.05
2006: 1.16
2005: 1.09
2004: 0.91

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Cyprus, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2013: 1813
2012: 23
2011: 6
2010: 7

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Cyprus, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2013: 313
2012: 1
2011: 1
2010: 0

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Cyprus, annual homicides by any means total

2012: 2314
2011: 914 15 16
2010: 814 15
2009: 19
2008: 9
2007: 13
2006: 1514 15 17
2005: 20
2004: 1614 15 18
2003: 1418
2002: 219
2001: 7
1999: 420
1998: 4
1997: 621
1996: 10
1995: 9

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Cyprus, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2012: 2.014
2011: 0.814 15 16
2010: 0.714 15
2009: 1.7
2008: 0.8
2007: 1.2
2006: 1.414 15 17
2005: 1.9
2004: 1.614 15 18
2003: 1.7118
2002: 0.2619
2001: 0.92
1997: 0.8021
1996: 1.35
1995: 1.23

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Cyprus, annual male homicides by any means total

2015: 1322
2014: 6
2013: 9
2012: 15
2011: 16
2010: 4

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Cyprus, annual female homicides by any means total

2015: 222
2014: 5
2013: 3
2012: 4
2011: 6
2010: 0

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Cyprus, annual firearm homicides total

2013: 57
2012: 1214 7 10
2011: 314 7
2010: 1
2009: 514 7 15
2008: 3
2007: 3
2006: 5
2005: 10
2004: 17 15
2003: 1015
2002: 419
2001: 10
1997: 415
1996: 7
1995: 9

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Cyprus, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.587
2012: 1.054 7 10
2011: 0.274 7
2010: 0.09
2009: 0.464 7 15
2008: 0.28
2007: 0.29
2006: 0.48
2005: 0.99
2004: 0.147 15
2003: 1.015
2002: 0.5219
2001: 1.31
1997: 0.415
1996: 0.8
1995: 1.1

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Cyprus, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2012: 52%14
2011: 33%14 16
2010: 13%14
2009: 26%
2008: 33%
2007: 23%
2006: 33%
2005: 50%
2004: 50.0%15
2003: 71.4%
1997: 66.7%
1996: 70.0%
1995: 100.0%

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Cyprus, annual male firearm homicides total

2013: 313
2012: 11
2011: 1
2010: 2

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Cyprus, annual female firearm homicides total

2013: 213
2012: 1
2011: 1
2010: 0

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn Cyprus, annual long gun homicides total

2013: 27
2012: 2 2011
2009: 2
2008: 2
2006: 1
2005: 2
:

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Cyprus, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.237
2012: 0.23
2011: 0.12
2009: 0.25
2008: 0.25
2006: 0.13
2005: 0.26

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Cyprus, annual gun homicides (other) total

2013: 37
2012: 10
2011: 1
2010: 2
2009: 3
2008: 3
2007: 3
2006: 5
2005: 5
2004: 1

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Cyprus, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.357
2012: 1.16
2011: 0.12
2010: 0.24
2009: 0.37
2008: 0.38
2007: 0.36
2006: 0.65
2005: 0.66
2004: 0.14

Suicides (any method)

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Cyprus, annual male suicides by any means total

2013: 4013
2012: 34
2011: 25
2010: 30

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Cyprus, annual female suicides by any means total

2013: 513
2012: 2
2011: 5
2010: 8

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Cyprus, annual firearm suicides total

2013: 158
2012: 128 10
2011: 58
2010: 4
2009: 8
2008: 7
2007: 4
2006: 4
2005: 2
2004: 2

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Cyprus, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 1.748
2012: 1.398 10
2011: 0.588
2010: 0.48
2009: 1.0
2008: 0.88
2007: 0.48
2006: 0.52
2005: 0.26
2004: 0.27

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Cyprus, annual male firearm suicides total

2013: 1513
2012: 12
2011: 5
2010: 4

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Cyprus, annual female firearm suicides total

2013: 013
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Handgun Suicides

In Cyprus, annual handgun suicides total

2006: 18

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

In Cyprus, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2006: 0.138

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn Cyprus, the number of long gun suicides is

2013: 58
2012: 2
2011: 3
2010: 2
2009: 2
2008: 4
2007: 4

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Cyprus, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.588
2012: 0.23
2011: 0.35
2010: 0.24
2009: 0.25
2008: 0.50
2007: 0.48

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn Cyprus, annual gun suicides (other) total

2013: 108
2012: 10
2011: 2
2010: 2
2009: 6
2008: 3
2006: 3
2005: 2
2004: 2

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Cyprus, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2013: 1.168
2012: 1.16
2011: 0.23
2010: 0.24
2009: 0.75
2008: 0.38
2006: 0.39
2005: 0.26
2004: 0.27

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Cyprus, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2013: 19
2009: 1
2008: 1
2007: 2
2006: 1
2005: 2
2004: 6

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Cyprus, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.129
2009: 0.12
2008: 0.13
2007: 0.24
2006: 0.13
2005: 0.26
2004: 0.81

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Cyprus, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2013: 013
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Cyprus, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2013: 113
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn Cyprus, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2008: 19
2007: 1
2006: 1
2005: 2

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Cyprus, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2008: 0.139
2007: 0.12
2006: 0.13
2005: 0.26

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn Cyprus, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2013: 19
2009: 1
2007: 1
2004: 6

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Cyprus, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.129
2009: 0.12
2007: 0.12
2004: 0.81

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Cyprus, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2010: 112
2007: 2
2006: 1

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Cyprus, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.1212
2007: 0.24
2006: 0.13

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Cyprus, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 013
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 1

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Cyprus, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 013
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Cyprus, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2010: 112
2007: 2
2006: 1

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Cyprus, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.1212
2007: 0.24
2006: 0.13

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Cyprus, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is prohibited23 24

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Cyprus, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law25 26 27 28 29 30 31 24

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Cyprus is reported by Customs to be US$24,358,97332 (2011)33 34

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Cyprus was categorized as 'major'35 36 37

Firearm Imports

In Cyprus, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law25 26 27 28 29 30 24

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Cyprus is reported by Customs to be US$15,509,76032 (2011)38 39 40 41 42

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Cyprus is negligible2

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Cyprus, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law43 44 45

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Cyprus include46 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

ChartIn its annual Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer, the Small Arms Survey compares public reporting among major arms exporting nations on a scale from strong to weak (25 to zero). In recent years, Cyprus scored

2016: 8.2547
2014: 8.0048
2013: 8.0049
2012: 7.5050
2011: 8.5051
2010: 9.0052
2009: 10.2553
2008: 10.7554
2007: 8.5055
2006: 9.7556
2005: 8.5057
2004: 8.5058

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Cyprus is categorised as restrictive59

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Cyprus includes the Law on Firearms and non-Firearms 113 (i) of 2004,24 the Export and Transit of Firearms Regulations of 2013,25 the Regulations for the control of exports, brokering and the provision of technical assistance related to military equipment of 2011,43 the Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons,60 61 the European Union Firearms Regulation of 2012 and the Common Position on the Control of Arms Brokering of 200362

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Cyprus are regulated by the National Police and the District Administrative Officer,24 and the European Commission61

Right to Possess Firearms

In Cyprus, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law63 64

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Cyprus, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic firearms, firearms disguised as other objects, and armour-piercing, incendiary and expanding ammunition65 66

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Cyprus, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited65 66 16

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Cyprus, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted only with special authorisation67 68 66

Regulation of Handguns

In Cyprus, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted only with special authorisation65 67 68 66 16

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Cyprus, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law16

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Cyprus, only licensed gun owners69 65 67 16 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Cyprus are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, target shooting, collection, personal protection70

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Cyprus is 18 years70

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Cyprus must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental health and domestic violence70 16 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Cyprus, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required2

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Cyprus stipulates2 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Cyprus, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is not required2 for a firearm licence

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Cyprus are permitted to possess only ammunition suitable for the intended firearm71

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Cyprus, the law requires72 73 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Cyprus, licensed firearm dealers are required73 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Cyprus, State agencies are required72 74 75 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Cyprus, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful24 76 68

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Cyprus include2 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Cyprus include74 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Cyprus include2 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Cyprus, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law72 77 78 79

Firearm Tracing

In Cyprus, state authorities carry out80 78 73 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Cyprus, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law16

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Cyprus, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit (in exceptional circumstances)2

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Cyprus, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm81 is 15 years in prison and/or a fine82 24

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

In Cyprus, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2011: 4283

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Cyprus, it is state policy84 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

European Union

As a member of the European Union, Cyprus is bound by the provisions of the ‘EU Firearms Directive’ – the 2007 Legislative Resolution on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons of the European Parliament85 86

European Union Export Reporting

Under the European Union Common Position on Arms Exports, Cyprus is bound to declare its transfers of military technology and equipment. Independent monitoring provides detailed comparisons of arms export reporting compliance across EU member states, and records that Cyprus has yet to submit a national report87 on its arms transfers

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 200988 by Cyprus.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified89 by Cyprus

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified90 by Cyprus

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Cyprus committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects91

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Cyprus against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 9492 93 94 95 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Cyprus has submitted one or more national reports96 97 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Cyprus, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated97

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Cyprus, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated97

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Cyprus submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was not apparent97

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated97 by Cyprus to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Cyprus has declared98 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Cyprus has been a Member State of the United Nations since 196099

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list100 Cyprus as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Cyprus, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Cyprus ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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