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Cyprus — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Cyprus is 275,0001

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) in Cyprus is 36.41 firearms per 100 people

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

In Cyprus, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be 104,6312

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

There are reportedly 302 handguns in civilian possession in Cyprus

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Cyprus ranked at No. 1073

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Cyprus ranked at No. 61

Number of Registered Firearms

The number of registered guns in Cyprus is reported to be 104,6613 2

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

The rate of registered guns per 100 people in Cyprus is 10.354

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Cyprus are reported to have 296,0005 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Cyprus are reported to have 2,8076 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

In Cyprus, annual deaths resulting from firearms total 2010: 77

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

In Cyprus, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is 2010: 0.837

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Cyprus, annual homicides by any means total

2011: 98
2010: 8
2009: 19
2008: 9
2007: 13
2006: 158 9
2005: 20
2004: 168 10
2003: 1410
2002: 211
2001: 7
1999: 412
1998: 4
1997: 613
1996: 10
1995: 9

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Cyprus, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.88
2010: 0.7
2009: 1.7
2008: 0.8
2007: 1.2
2006: 1.48 9
2005: 1.9
2004: 1.68 10
2003: 1.7110
2002: 0.2611
2001: 0.92
1997: 0.8013
1996: 1.35
1995: 1.23

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Cyprus, annual firearm homicides total

2010: 214
2009: 514 8
2008: 5
2007: 3
2006: 6
2005: 7
2004: 1
2003: 108
2002: 411
2001: 10
1997: 48
1996: 7
1995: 9

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Cyprus, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.2414
2009: 0.6214 8
2008: 0.63
2007: 0.36
2006: 0.78
2005: 0.92
2004: 0.14
2003: 1.08
2002: 0.5211
2001: 1.31
1997: 0.48
1996: 0.8
1995: 1.1

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn Cyprus, annual long gun homicides total

2009: 214
2008: 2
2006: 1
2005: 2

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Cyprus, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2009: 0.2514
2008: 0.25
2006: 0.13
2005: 0.26

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Cyprus, annual gun homicides (other) total

2010: 214
2009: 3
2008: 3
2007: 3
2006: 5
2005: 5
2004: 1

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Cyprus, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.2414
2009: 0.37
2008: 0.38
2007: 0.36
2006: 0.65
2005: 0.66
2004: 0.14

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Cyprus, annual firearm suicides total

2010: 415
2009: 8
2008: 7
2007: 4
2006: 4
2005: 2
2004: 2

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Cyprus, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.4815
2009: 1.0
2008: 0.88
2007: 0.48
2006: 0.52
2005: 0.26
2004: 0.27

Handgun Suicides

In Cyprus, annual handgun suicides total 2006: 115

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

In Cyprus, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is 2006: 0.1315

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn Cyprus, the number of long gun suicides is

2010: 215
2009: 2
2008: 4
2007: 4

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Cyprus, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.2415
2009: 0.25
2008: 0.50
2007: 0.48

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn Cyprus, annual gun suicides (other) total

2010: 215
2009: 6
2008: 3
2006: 3
2005: 2
2004: 2

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Cyprus, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.2415
2009: 0.75
2008: 0.38
2006: 0.39
2005: 0.26
2004: 0.27

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Cyprus, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2009: 116
2008: 1
2007: 2
2006: 1
2005: 2
2004: 6

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Cyprus, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2009: 0.1216
2008: 0.13
2007: 0.24
2006: 0.13
2005: 0.26
2004: 0.81

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn Cyprus, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2008: 116
2007: 1
2006: 1
2005: 2

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Cyprus, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2008: 0.1316
2007: 0.12
2006: 0.13
2005: 0.26

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn Cyprus, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2009: 116
2007: 1
2004: 6

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Cyprus, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2009: 0.1216
2007: 0.12
2004: 0.81

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Cyprus, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2010: 117
2007: 2
2006: 1

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Cyprus, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.1217
2007: 0.24
2006: 0.13

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Cyprus, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2010: 117
2007: 2
2006: 1

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Cyprus, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.1217
2007: 0.24
2006: 0.13

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Cyprus, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence2

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Regulation of Firearm Exports

In Cyprus, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law18 19 20 21 22

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Cyprus is reported by Customs to be US$24,358,97323 (2011)

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Cyprus is categorized as 'unknown'24

Regulation of Firearm Imports

In Cyprus, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law18 19 20 21

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Cyprus is reported by Customs to be US$15,509,76023 (2011)

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Cyprus is negligible2

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Cyprus, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law25 26

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

In the most recent survey of state transparency in declaring firearm and ammunition exports among major small arms exporting nations, Cyprus was ranked at No. 3927

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Cyprus is categorised as restrictive28

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Cyprus includes the Firearms Law,2 the Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons,29 30 the European Union Firearms Regulation of 2012 and the Common Position on the Control of Arms Brokering of 200331

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Cyprus are regulated by the National Police and the District Administrative Officer,2 and the European Commission30

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Cyprus, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic firearms, firearms disguised as other objects, and armour-piercing, incendiary and expanding ammunition32 33

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Cyprus, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited32 33

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Cyprus, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted only with special authorisation34 35 33

Regulation of Handguns

In Cyprus, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted only with special authorisation32 34 35 33

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Cyprus, only licensed gun owners36 32 34 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Cyprus are required to prove genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example, hunting, target shooting, collection, personal protection37

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Cyprus is 18 years37

Gun Licence Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Cyprus must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental and domestic violence37 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Cyprus, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required2

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Cyprus stipulates2 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Cyprus, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is not required2 for a firearm licence

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Cyprus are permitted to possess only ammunition suitable for the intended firearm38

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Cyprus, the law requires39 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Cyprus, licensed firearm dealers are required39 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Cyprus, State agencies are required40 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Cyprus, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful41 35

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Cyprus include2 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Cyprus include2 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Cyprus, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law42

Firearm Tracing

In Cyprus, state authorities carry out42 39 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Cyprus, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit (in exceptional circumstances)2

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

European Union

As a member of the European Union, Cyprus is bound by the provisions of the ‘EU Firearms Directive’ – the 2007 Legislative Resolution on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons of the European Parliament43 44

European Union Export Reporting

Under the European Union Common Position on Arms Exports, Cyprus is bound to declare its transfers of military technology and equipment. Independent monitoring provides detailed comparisons of arms export reporting compliance across EU member states, and records that Cyprus has yet to submit a national report45 on its arms transfers

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 200946 by Cyprus.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has been signed, but not yet ratified47 by Cyprus

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified48 by Cyprus

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Cyprus committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects49

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Cyprus has submitted one or more national reports50 51 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Cyprus, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated51

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Cyprus, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has not been designated51

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Cyprus submitted to the UN, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities is not apparent51

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated51 by Cyprus to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Cyprus has not declared52 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Cyprus has been a Member State of the United Nations since 196053

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list54 Cyprus as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Cyprus, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Cyprus ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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34.

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