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Cyprus — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Cyprus is 275,0001

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Cyprus is 36.41

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

In Cyprus, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be 104,6312

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

In Cyprus, the number of handguns in civilian possession is reported to be 302

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Cyprus ranked at No. 1073

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Cyprus ranked at No. 61

Number of Registered Firearms

The number of registered guns in Cyprus is reported to be 104,6611 2

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

The rate of registered guns per 100 people in Cyprus is 10.354

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Cyprus are reported to have 296,0005 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Cyprus are reported to have 2,8076 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Cyprus, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2013: 217 8 9
2012: 247 8 10
2011: 77 8
2010: 711
2009: 147 8 9
2008: 137 8 9
2007: 117 8 9 12
2006: 12
2005: 117 8 9
2004: 9

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Cyprus, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2013: 1.824
2012: 2.114 10
2011: 0.624
2010: 0.8311
2009: 1.294
2008: 1.22
2007: 1.05
2006: 1.16
2005: 1.09
2004: 0.91

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Cyprus, annual homicides by any means total

2012: 2313
2011: 913 14 15
2010: 813 14
2009: 19
2008: 9
2007: 13
2006: 1513 14 16
2005: 20
2004: 1613 14 17
2003: 1417
2002: 218
2001: 7
1999: 419
1998: 4
1997: 620
1996: 10
1995: 9

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Cyprus, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2012: 2.013
2011: 0.813 14 15
2010: 0.713 14
2009: 1.7
2008: 0.8
2007: 1.2
2006: 1.413 14 16
2005: 1.9
2004: 1.613 14 17
2003: 1.7117
2002: 0.2618
2001: 0.92
1997: 0.8020
1996: 1.35
1995: 1.23

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Cyprus, annual firearm homicides total

2013: 57
2012: 1213 7 10
2011: 313 7
2010: 1
2009: 513 7 14
2008: 3
2007: 3
2006: 5
2005: 10
2004: 17 14
2003: 1014
2002: 418
2001: 10
1997: 414
1996: 7
1995: 9

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Cyprus, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.587
2012: 1.054 7 10
2011: 0.274 7
2010: 0.09
2009: 0.464 7 14
2008: 0.28
2007: 0.29
2006: 0.48
2005: 0.99
2004: 0.147 14
2003: 1.014
2002: 0.5218
2001: 1.31
1997: 0.414
1996: 0.8
1995: 1.1

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Cyprus, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2012: 52%13
2011: 33%13 15
2010: 13%13
2009: 26%
2008: 33%
2007: 23%
2006: 33%
2005: 50%
2004: 50.0%14
2003: 71.4%
1997: 66.7%
1996: 70.0%
1995: 100.0%

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn Cyprus, annual long gun homicides total

2013: 27
2012: 2 2011
2009: 2
2008: 2
2006: 1
2005: 2
:

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Cyprus, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.237
2012: 0.23
2011: 0.12
2009: 0.25
2008: 0.25
2006: 0.13
2005: 0.26

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Cyprus, annual gun homicides (other) total

2013: 37
2012: 10
2011: 1
2010: 2
2009: 3
2008: 3
2007: 3
2006: 5
2005: 5
2004: 1

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Cyprus, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.357
2012: 1.16
2011: 0.12
2010: 0.24
2009: 0.37
2008: 0.38
2007: 0.36
2006: 0.65
2005: 0.66
2004: 0.14

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Cyprus, annual firearm suicides total

2013: 158
2012: 128 10
2011: 58
2010: 4
2009: 8
2008: 7
2007: 4
2006: 4
2005: 2
2004: 2

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Cyprus, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 1.748
2012: 1.398 10
2011: 0.588
2010: 0.48
2009: 1.0
2008: 0.88
2007: 0.48
2006: 0.52
2005: 0.26
2004: 0.27

Handgun Suicides

In Cyprus, annual handgun suicides total

2006: 18

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

In Cyprus, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2006: 0.138

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn Cyprus, the number of long gun suicides is

2013: 58
2012: 2
2011: 3
2010: 2
2009: 2
2008: 4
2007: 4

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Cyprus, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.588
2012: 0.23
2011: 0.35
2010: 0.24
2009: 0.25
2008: 0.50
2007: 0.48

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn Cyprus, annual gun suicides (other) total

2013: 108
2012: 10
2011: 2
2010: 2
2009: 6
2008: 3
2006: 3
2005: 2
2004: 2

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Cyprus, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2013: 1.168
2012: 1.16
2011: 0.23
2010: 0.24
2009: 0.75
2008: 0.38
2006: 0.39
2005: 0.26
2004: 0.27

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Cyprus, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2013: 19
2009: 1
2008: 1
2007: 2
2006: 1
2005: 2
2004: 6

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Cyprus, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.129
2009: 0.12
2008: 0.13
2007: 0.24
2006: 0.13
2005: 0.26
2004: 0.81

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn Cyprus, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2008: 19
2007: 1
2006: 1
2005: 2

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Cyprus, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2008: 0.139
2007: 0.12
2006: 0.13
2005: 0.26

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn Cyprus, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2013: 19
2009: 1
2007: 1
2004: 6

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Cyprus, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.129
2009: 0.12
2007: 0.12
2004: 0.81

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Cyprus, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2010: 112
2007: 2
2006: 1

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Cyprus, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.1212
2007: 0.24
2006: 0.13

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Cyprus, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2010: 112
2007: 2
2006: 1

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Cyprus, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.1212
2007: 0.24
2006: 0.13

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Cyprus, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is prohibited21 22

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Cyprus, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law23 24 25 26 27 28 29 22

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Cyprus is reported by Customs to be US$24,358,97330 (2011)31 32

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Cyprus was categorized as 'major'33 34 35

Firearm Imports

In Cyprus, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law23 24 25 26 27 28 22

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Cyprus is reported by Customs to be US$15,509,76030 (2011)36 37 38 39 40

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Cyprus is negligible2

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Cyprus, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law41 42 43

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Cyprus include44 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

ChartIn its annual Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer, the Small Arms Survey compares public reporting among major arms exporting nations on a scale from strong to weak (25 to zero). In recent years, Cyprus scored

2016: 8.2545
2014: 8.0046
2013: 8.0047
2012: 7.5048
2011: 8.5049
2010: 9.0050
2009: 10.2551
2008: 10.7552
2007: 8.5053
2006: 9.7554
2005: 8.5055
2004: 8.5056

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Cyprus is categorised as restrictive57

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Cyprus includes the Law on Firearms and non-Firearms 113 (i) of 2004,22 the Export and Transit of Firearms Regulations of 2013,23 the Regulations for the control of exports, brokering and the provision of technical assistance related to military equipment of 2011,41 the Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons,58 59 the European Union Firearms Regulation of 2012 and the Common Position on the Control of Arms Brokering of 200360

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Cyprus are regulated by the National Police and the District Administrative Officer,22 and the European Commission59

Right to Possess Firearms

In Cyprus, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law61 62

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Cyprus, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic firearms, firearms disguised as other objects, and armour-piercing, incendiary and expanding ammunition63 64

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Cyprus, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited63 64 15

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Cyprus, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted only with special authorisation65 66 64

Regulation of Handguns

In Cyprus, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted only with special authorisation63 65 66 64 15

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Cyprus, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law15

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Cyprus, only licensed gun owners67 63 65 15 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Cyprus are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, target shooting, collection, personal protection68

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Cyprus is 18 years68

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Cyprus must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental health and domestic violence68 15 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Cyprus, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required2

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Cyprus stipulates2 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Cyprus, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is not required2 for a firearm licence

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Cyprus are permitted to possess only ammunition suitable for the intended firearm69

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Cyprus, the law requires70 71 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Cyprus, licensed firearm dealers are required71 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Cyprus, State agencies are required70 72 73 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Cyprus, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful22 74 66

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Cyprus include2 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Cyprus include72 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Cyprus include2 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Cyprus, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law70 75 76 77

Firearm Tracing

In Cyprus, state authorities carry out78 76 71 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Cyprus, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law15

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Cyprus, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit (in exceptional circumstances)2

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Cyprus, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm79 is 15 years in prison and/or a fine80 22

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

In Cyprus, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2011: 4281

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Cyprus, it is state policy82 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

European Union

As a member of the European Union, Cyprus is bound by the provisions of the ‘EU Firearms Directive’ – the 2007 Legislative Resolution on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons of the European Parliament83 84

European Union Export Reporting

Under the European Union Common Position on Arms Exports, Cyprus is bound to declare its transfers of military technology and equipment. Independent monitoring provides detailed comparisons of arms export reporting compliance across EU member states, and records that Cyprus has yet to submit a national report85 on its arms transfers

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 200986 by Cyprus.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified87 by Cyprus

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified88 by Cyprus

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Cyprus committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects89

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Cyprus against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 9490 91 92 93 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Cyprus has submitted one or more national reports94 95 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Cyprus, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated95

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Cyprus, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated95

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Cyprus submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was not apparent95

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated95 by Cyprus to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Cyprus has declared96 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Cyprus has been a Member State of the United Nations since 196097

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list98 Cyprus as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Cyprus, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Cyprus ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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