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Croatia — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Croatia is 950,0001 to 969,1602

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) in Croatia is 8.33 to 21.71 firearms per 100 people

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Croatia ranked at No. 534

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Croatia ranked at No. 261

Number of Registered Firearms

The number of registered guns in Croatia is reported to be 371,7024 2 to 376,0005

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

The rate of registered guns per 100 people in Croatia is 8.366

Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Croatia there are estimated to be 597,4582

Estimated Rate of Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Croatia there are estimated to be 13.296 illicit firearms per 100 people

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Croatia are reported to have 260,6892 7 to 619,2008 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Croatia are reported to have 14,0009 to 38,7002 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

In Croatia, annual deaths resulting from firearms total 2010: 13310

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

In Croatia, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is 2010: 3.0110

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Croatia, annual homicides by any means total

2011: 4911
2010: 62
2009: 49
2008: 71
2007: 62
2006: 74
2005: 68
2004: 83
2003: 69
2002: 80
2001: 83
2000: 111
1999: 121
1998: 131
1997: 118
1996: 122
1995: 166

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Croatia, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2011: 1.111
2010: 1.4
2009: 1.1
2008: 1.611 12
2007: 1.4
2006: 1.711
2005: 1.5
2004: 1.9
2003: 1.5
2002: 1.8
2001: 1.9
2000: 2.5
1999: 2.7
1998: 2.9
1997: 2.6
1996: 2.6
1995: 3.6

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Croatia, annual firearm homicides total

2010: 2513
2009: 2313 11
2008: 30
2007: 33
2006: 41
2005: 27
2004: 37
2003: 27
2002: 2313
2001: 33
2000: 48
1999: 69
1998: 86
1997: 55
1996: 71
1995: 94

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Croatia, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.5713
2009: 0.5213 11
2008: 0.68
2007: 0.74
2006: 0.92
2005: 0.61
2004: 0.83
2003: 0.61
2002: 0.5213
2001: 0.74
2000: 1.1
1999: 1.52
1998: 1.91
1997: 1.2
1996: 1.58
1995: 1.97

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn Croatia, annual handgun homicides total

2010: 1413
2009: 4
2008: 7
2007: 14
2006: 10
2005: 13
2004: 8
2003: 8
2002: 7
2001: 5
2000: 4
1999: 12
1998: 11
1997: 5
1996: 12
1995: 11

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Croatia, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.3213
2009: 0.09
2008: 0.16
2007: 0.32
2006: 0.23
2005: 0.29
2004: 0.18
2003: 0.18
2002: 0.16
2001: 0.11
2000: 0.09
1999: 0.26
1998: 0.24
1997: 0.11
1996: 0.27
1995: 0.23

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn Croatia, annual long gun homicides total

2010: 313
2009: 4
2008: 2
2007: 4
2006: 2
2005: 3
2004: 5
2003: 3
2002: 2
2001: 3
2000: 5
1999: 4
1998: 2
1997: 4
1996: 5
1995: 6

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Croatia, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.0713
2009: 0.09
2008: 0.05
2007: 0.09
2006: 0.05
2005: 0.07
2004: 0.11
2003: 0.07
2002: 0.05
2001: 0.07
2000: 0.11
1999: 0.09
1998: 0.04
1997: 0.09
1996: 0.11
1995: 0.13

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Croatia, annual gun homicides (other) total

2010: 813
2009: 15
2008: 21
2007: 15
2006: 29
2005: 11
2004: 24
2003: 16
2002: 14
2001: 25
2000: 39
1999: 53
1998: 73
1997: 46
1996: 54
1995: 77

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Croatia, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.1813
2009: 0.34
2008: 0.47
2007: 0.34
2006: 0.65
2005: 0.25
2004: 0.54
2003: 0.36
2002: 0.32
2001: 0.56
2000: 0.89
1999: 1.16
1998: 1.62
1997: 1.01
1996: 1.20
1995: 1.61

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Croatia, annual suicides by any means total

2008: 79514
2007: 776
2006: 798
2005: 87515
2004: 87116 15
2003: 88517
2002: 875
2001: 882
1999: 98918

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Croatia, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2008: 17.706
1999: 22.3418

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Croatia, annual firearm suicides total

2010: 10419
2009: 116
2008: 110
2007: 107
2006: 93
2005: 126
2004: 124
2003: 108
2002: 124
2001: 113
2000: 143
1999: 145
1998: 152
1997: 162
1996: 187
1995: 187

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Croatia, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2010: 2.3519
2009: 2.62
2008: 2.48
2007: 2.41
2006: 2.09
2005: 2.84
2004: 2.79
2003: 2.43
2002: 2.79
2001: 2.55
2000: 3.26
1999: 3.18
1998: 3.38
1997: 3.54
1996: 4.16
1995: 3.92

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn Croatia, annual handgun suicides total

2010: 2819
2009: 35
2008: 19
2007: 22
2006: 28
2005: 23
2004: 14
2003: 23
2002: 28
2001: 22
2000: 32
1999: 30
1998: 27
1997: 35
1996: 35
1995: 11

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Croatia, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.6319
2009: 0.79
2008: 0.43
2007: 0.50
2006: 0.63
2005: 0.52
2004: 0.32
2003: 0.52
2002: 0.63
2001: 0.50
2000: 0.73
1999: 0.66
1998: 0.60
1997: 0.77
1996: 0.78
1995: 0.23

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn Croatia, the number of long gun suicides is

2010: 919
2009: 11
2008: 15
2007: 10
2006: 10
2005: 14
2004: 6
2003: 10
2002: 19
2001: 8
2000: 8
1999: 10
1998: 9
1997: 18
1996: 15
1995: 9

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Croatia, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.2019
2009: 0.25
2008: 0.34
2007: 0.23
2006: 0.23
2005: 0.32
2004: 0.14
2003: 0.23
2002: 0.43
2001: 0.18
2000: 0.18
1999: 0.22
1998: 0.20
1997: 0.39
1996: 0.33
1995: 0.19

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn Croatia, annual gun suicides (other) total

2010: 6719
2009: 70
2008: 76
2007: 75
2006: 55
2005: 89
2004: 104
2003: 75
2002: 77
2001: 83
2000: 103
1999: 105
1998: 116
1997: 109
1996: 137
1995: 167

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Croatia, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2010: 1.5219
2009: 1.58
2008: 1.71
2007: 1.69
2006: 1.24
2005: 2.00
2004: 2.34
2003: 1.69
2002: 1.73
2001: 1.87
2000: 2.35
1999: 2.31
1998: 2.58
1997: 2.38
1996: 3.05
1995: 3.50

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Croatia, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2010: 320
2009: 3
2008: 5
2007: 6
2006: 5
2005: 9
2004: 3
2003: 3
2002: 6
2001: 10
2000: 5
1999: 11
1998: 12
1997: 29
1996: 31
1995: 63

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Croatia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.0720
2009: 0.07
2008: 0.11
2007: 0.14
2006: 0.11
2005: 0.2
2004: 0.07
2003: 0.07
2002: 0.14
2001: 0.23
2000: 0.11
1999: 0.24
1998: 0.27
1997: 0.63
1996: 0.69
1995: 1.32

Unintentional Handgun Deaths

ChartIn Croatia, annual unintentional shooting deaths by handgun total

2008: 220
2007: 1
2006: 1
2005: 2
2001: 2
2000: 2
1999: 5
1998: 3
1997: 4
1996: 1
1995: 6

Rate of Unintentional Handgun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Croatia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by handgun per 100,000 population is

2008: 0.0520
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.02
2005: 0.05
2001: 0.05
2000: 0.05
1999: 0.11
1998: 0.07
1997: 0.09
1996: 0.02
1995: 0.13

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn Croatia, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2010: 220
2009: 2
2008: 2
2007: 1
2006: 2
2005: 2
2004: 1
2003: 1
2002: 1
2001: 4
1999: 1
1998: 1
1997: 5
1995: 10

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Croatia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.0520
2009: 0.05
2008: 0.05
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.05
2005: 0.05
2004: 0.02
2003: 0.02
2002: 0.02
2001: 0.09
1999: 0.02
1998: 0.02
1997: 0.11
1995: 0.21

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn Croatia, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2010: 120
2009: 1
2008: 1
2007: 4
2006: 2
2005: 5
2004: 2
2003: 2
2002: 5
2001: 4
2000: 3
1999: 5
1998: 8
1997: 20
1996: 30
1995: 47

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Croatia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.0220
2009: 0.02
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.09
2006: 0.05
2005: 0.11
2004: 0.05
2003: 0.05
2002: 0.11
2001: 0.09
2000: 0.07
1999: 0.11
1998: 0.18
1997: 0.44
1996: 0.67
1995: 0.98

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Croatia, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2010: 121
2009: 3
2008: 3
2004: 1
2003: 2
2001: 4
2000: 4
1999: 1

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Croatia, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.0221
2009: 0.07
2008: 0.07
2004: 0.02
2003: 0.05
2001: 0.09
2000: 0.09
1999: 0.02

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Croatia, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2008: 121
2004: 1

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Croatia, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2008: 0.0221
2004: 0.02

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Croatia, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2010: 121
2009: 3
2008: 2
2003: 2
2001: 4
2000: 4
1999: 1

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Croatia, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.0221
2009: 0.07
2008: 0.05
2003: 0.05
2001: 0.09
2000: 0.09
1999: 0.02

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Croatia, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence22 23

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, Croatia is ranked 'small'24

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Regulation of Firearm Exports

In Croatia, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Croatia is reported by Customs to be US$62,533,72334 (2011)

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Croatia is categorized as 'minor'35

Regulation of Firearm Imports

In Croatia, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law25 26 27 28 31 32

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Croatia is reported by Customs to be US$4,129,93034 (2011)

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Croatia is high36 37 38 39 40 41

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Croatia, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law42 43 44

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Croatia include45 46 42 26 47 48 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

In the most recent survey of state transparency in declaring firearm and ammunition exports among major small arms exporting nations, Croatia was ranked at No. 749

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Croatia is categorised as restrictive50

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Croatia includes the Weapons Law 199251 and the Law on Manufacturing, Overhaul, and Trade in Armaments and Military Equipment,52 53 European Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons,54 55 the European Union Firearms Regulation of 2012 and the Common Position on the Control of Arms Brokering of 200356

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Croatia are regulated by the Legislative Board of the House of Representatives,57 the Agency of the Government of the Republic of Croatia,58 the Police Department,59 60 the Ministry of the Interior23 31 and the Ministry of the Economy, Labour and Entrepreneurship61

Right to Possess Firearms

In Croatia, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law62

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Croatia, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic weapons, semiautomatic arms and repeating long-barrelled firearms with a rifled barrel and magazine whose capacity is more than five rounds, long-barrelled firearms without a fixed grip, with a folding grip or with a grip shorter than 25cm, silencers, armour piercing and incendairy ammunition, or any other arms intended exclusively for military of police purposes63

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Croatia, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited63 64 65

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Croatia, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted under licence66 65

Regulation of Handguns

In Croatia, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence64 65

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Croatia, only licensed gun owners67 68 60 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Croatia are required to prove genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example, hunting, target shooting, collection, personal protection, security69 70 71 72 73

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Croatia is 18 years70

Gun Licence Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Croatia must pass a background check which considers criminal, physical health, domestic violence, and addiction70 74 75 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Croatia, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required62

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Croatia stipulates70 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Croatia, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required70 72 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Croatia gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every ten years76

Licensing Records

In Croatia, authorities maintain a record77 59 65 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Croatia are permitted to possess any number of firearms62

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Croatia are permitted to possess any quantity of ammunition62

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Croatia, the law requires64 65 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Croatia, licensed firearm dealers are required77 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Croatia, licensed gun makers are required77 59 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Croatia, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful78

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Croatia, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated62 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Croatia include69 79 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Croatia do not include62 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Croatia include80 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Croatia include81 82 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Croatia, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law83 84

Firearm Tracing

In Croatia, state authorities carry out85 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Marking of Firearms and Ammunition

In Croatia, state authorities do not employ62 ballistic fingerprinting technology to trace guns and ammunition

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Croatia, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is prohibited86

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Croatia, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is allowed with a permit and only if unloaded and holstered out of the view of the public86

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Croatia, the maximum penalty for illicit firearm possession is up to 60 days prison and a fine up to 100,000 Croatian dinars87

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in Croatia are known to have88 89 90 91 92 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn Croatia, the total number of firearms destroyed following recent amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2008: 25,00088 89 90
2005: 2,01991 92
2004: 1,774
2003: 1,342
2002: 1,007
2001: 2,450
2000: 2,397
1999: 2,946
1998: 11,047
1997: 2,190
1996: 207
1995: 1,054

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Croatia, it is not state policy93 94 95 88 91 96 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 200897 by Croatia.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified98 by Croatia

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified99 by Croatia

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Croatia committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects100

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Croatia has submitted one or more national reports101 102 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Croatia, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated103 102

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Croatia, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated103

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated102 by Croatia to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided102 to Croatia by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Croatia has declared104 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Croatia has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1992105

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies lists106 Croatia as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Croatia, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Croatia ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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