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Colombia — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Colombia is 3,200,0001 2 3 4

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) in Colombia is 6.91 3 4 firearms per 100 people

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Colombia ranked at No. 305

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Colombia ranked at No. 913

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

The number of licensed gun owners in Colombia is reported to be

2009: 882,9286 7

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

The rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Colombia is

2009: 2.028

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Colombia is reported to be

2009: 1,247,6006 9
2006: 706,21010 11 12
2005: 706,21013 3

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in Colombia is

2009: 2.868
2006: 1.6410
2005: 1.708

Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Colombia there are estimated to be 800,000 to 2,400,0002 9 13 14

Estimated Rate of Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Colombia there are estimated to be 1.93 to 5.788 illicit firearms per 100 people

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Colombia are reported to have 430,00015 16 2 11 12 17 firearms

Routine Arming of Police

In Colombia, police officers on routine patrol carry one or more firearms18

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Colombia are reported to have 285,00015 19 2 11 12 17 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Colombia, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2015: 8,71820 21 22 23
2014: 9,61924 25 26 27
2013: 11,43428 29 30 31
2012: 12,77432 33 34 35
2011: 13,31636 37 38 39 40
2010: 14,30541 42 43 44
2009: 14,52845 46 47 48
2001: 23,32849 50 51
1999: 20,33752 53 54

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Colombia, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2015: 18.658
2014: 20.80
2013: 24.99
2012: 28.24
2011: 29.778 40
2010: 32.368
2009: 33.26
2001: 59.34
1999: 52.74

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Colombia, annual homicides by any means total

2015: 11,58555
2014: 12,62656 57
2013: 14,29458 59
2012: 15,72760 59 61 62
2011: 16,55463 59 61
2010: 17,45964 59 61 65
2009: 17,71766 59 61 65 67
2008: 15,25168 59 61 65 69 67
2007: 16,318
2006: 16,27470 69 59 61 65 67
2005: 17,33171 72 59 61 65 69 73 67
2004: 18,88874 72 59 61 65 69 73 67
2003: 22,17275 72 61 65 69 73 67
2002: 28,53476 69 72 61 65 67
2001: 27,68549 72 61 50 65 67
2000: 25,68177 72 61 65 67
1999: 23,20978 79 72 80 67
1998: 23,09674 80 79
1997: 25,379
1996: 26,84274 80
1995: 25,398
1994: 26,67674
1993: 28,048
1992: 28,225
1991: 28,28074 57
1990: 24,30474
1989: 22,772
1988: 21,604
1987: 17,447
1986: 15,735
1985: 12,922

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Colombia, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 24.0355
2014: 26.4956 8
2013: 30.3358 59
2012: 33.7660 59 61 62
2011: 35.9563 59 61
2010: 38.3664 59 61 65
2009: 39.3966 59 61 65
2008: 34.0068 59 61 65
2007: 37.15
2006: 38.0070 59 61 65
2005: 38.0071 59 61 65
2004: 42.0074 59 61 65
2003: 54.958 61 65
2002: 65.0076 61 65
2001: 64.049 61 65
2000: 61.0077 61 65
1999: 56.0078 79 80
1998: 54.0074 80 79
1997: 61.00
1996: 65.0074 80
1995: 86.00
1994: 89.0074
1993: 73.00
1992: 53.00
1991: 58.0074 57
1990: 73.328
1989: 70.15
1988: 68.00
1987: 56.13
1986: 51.74
1985: 43.44

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Colombia, annual firearm homicides total

2015: 8,29020
2014: 9,13724
2013: 10,95928 59
2012: 12,20832 59
2011: 12,81936 59 61 40
2010: 13,54941 59 61 81
2009: 13,85145 61 79 81 67
2008: 10,82082 61 81 69 67
2007: 11,60483 69 61 81 67
2006: 11,65584 69 61 81 67
2005: 12,04385 72 61 81 69 73 67
2004: 14,54586 69 80 81 73 72 67
2003: 11,30967 81 69 73 72
2002: 24,34067 81 69 72
2001: 22,45349 50 81 72 67
2000: 21,89887 65 72 67
1999: 19,55352 72 87 67
1998: 18,91087

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Colombia, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 17.748
2014: 19.76
2013: 23.96
2012: 26.99
2011: 28.668 40
2010: 30.658 81
2009: 31.71
2008: 25.08
2007: 27.248 81 88
2006: 27.728 81
2005: 29.03
2004: 35.548 80 81
2003: 28.038 81
2002: 61.15
2001: 57.11
2000: 51.7787 81
1999: 50.708 87
1998: 46.3587

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Colombia, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2015: 71.76%20
2014: 72.68%24
2013: 77%59
2012: 78%59 62
2011: 77%61 59
2010: 77.60%41 61 59 89
2009: 78.18%45 61
2008: 77.1%82 69 61
2007: 71.3%
2006: 71.6%
2005: 69.5%69 61 72
2004: 82.85%86 69 72
2003: 83.5%75 72 69
2002: 86.3%76 72 69
2001: 85.34%72 49
2000: 85.08%72 90
1999: 84.25%72

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Colombia, annual suicides by any means total

2015: 2,06891
2014: 1,87856
2013: 1,81058
2012: 1,90192
2011: 1,88993
2010: 1,86494
2009: 1,84595 96
2008: 1,84097 98 96
2007: 1,775
2006: 1,75199 98 96
2005: 1,786100 101 98 96
2004: 1,701102 101 98 96
2003: 1,938103 101 98 96
2002: 2,045104 101 98 96
2001: 2,056105 101 98 50 96
2000: 2,070106 101 98 96
1999: 2,089107 96 101
1998: 2,046106 54
1997: 1,692106
1996: 1,613
1995: 1,590104
1994: 1,501

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Colombia, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 5.2291
2014: 3.9456
2013: 3.8458
2012: 4.0892
2011: 4.1093
2010: 4.1094
2009: 4.1095 96
2008: 4.0097 98 96
2007: 4.00
2006: 4.0099 98 96
2005: 3.9100 98 96
2004: 4.168 98 96
2003: 4.80
2002: 4.7104 98 96
2001: 4.8105 98 96
2000: 4.9107 98 96
1999: 5.00107 96
1998: 5.0107 54
1997: 4.2107
1996: 4.1
1995: 4.1104
1994: 4.00

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Colombia, annual firearm suicides total

2015: 27421
2014: 30325
2013: 28829
2012: 33033
2011: 27537 40
2010: 38842
2009: 38246 96 47
2007: 395108
2006: 404109
2005: 415101 110
2004: 472101 111
2003: 567101 103
2002: 549101 112
2001: 62750 101 113
2000: 621101 114
1999: 70853 101 54

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Colombia, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.598
2014: 0.66
2013: 0.63
2012: 0.73
2011: 0.618 40
2010: 0.888
2009: 0.87
2007: 0.93
2006: 0.96
2005: 1.00
2004: 1.15
2003: 1.40
2002: 1.38
2001: 1.59
2000: 1.60
1999: 1.848 54

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Colombia, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2015: 1822
2014: 1526
2013: 1830
2012: 1734
2011: 1938 40
2010: 3443
2009: 4647
2007: 77115
2006: 25116
2005: 31117
2004: 51118
2002: 60119
2001: 7051 50
2000: 73120
1999: 6454

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Colombia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.048
2014: 0.03
2013: 0.04
2012: 0.04
2011: 0.04
2010: 0.08
2009: 0.11
2007: 0.18
2006: 0.06
2005: 0.07
2004: 0.12
2002: 0.15
2001: 0.18
2000: 0.19
1999: 0.1454

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Colombia, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2015: 13623
2014: 16427
2013: 16931
2012: 21935
2011: 20339 40
2010: 33444
2009: 24948 47
2008: 168121
2001: 17850
1999: 1254

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Colombia, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.298
2014: 0.35
2013: 0.37
2012: 0.48
2011: 0.45
2010: 0.76
2009: 0.57
2008: 0.39
2001: 0.45
1999: 0.0354

Non-fatal Gun Injuries

In Colombia, the annual number of non-fatal firearm injuries is

2001: 6,797122

Rate of Non-fatal Gun Injury per 100,000 People

In Colombia, the annual rate of non-fatal firearm injury per 100,000 population is

2001: 17.298

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Colombia, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is prohibited, for all excluding official government manufacturers123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, Colombia was ranked 'small'135

Home-made Guns

In Colombia, the prevalence of illicit craft, or 'home-made' firearm manufacture is reported to be high136 137 138

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Regulation of Firearm Exports

In Colombia, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law124 139 140 141 142 134 143 144 145 146

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Colombia is reported by Customs to be US$7,848,243147 (2011)

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Colombia was categorized as 'minor'148

Regulation of Firearm Imports

In Colombia, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law123 124 139 140 141 142 134 143 144 145 132

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Colombia is reported by Customs to be US$53,773,869147 (2011)149 150 151 152

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Colombia is high153 154 137 133 155 156 157

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Colombia, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law158 159 160

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Colombia include140 161 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

ChartIn its annual Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer, the Small Arms Survey compares public reporting among major arms exporting nations on a scale from strong to weak (25 to zero). In recent years, Colombia scored

2014: 8.50162
2013: 8.75163

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Colombia is categorised as restrictive164

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Colombia includes the Constitution, Article 223,123 the Decree 2535 of 1993,165 the Decree 0006 of 1993,166 the Decree 356 of 1994,166 the Decree 1809 of 1994,167 the Decree 2685 of 1999,168 the Law 599 of 2000 (Penal Code), Articles 365 and 366, as amended by Articles 38 and 55 of the Law 1142 of 2007, the Law 1119 of 2006169 the Decree 626 of 2001,166 the Decree 334 and Decree 1612 of 2002166

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Colombia are regulated by the Arms Committee of the Ministry of National Defence,170 171 the Head of the Department for the Trade Control of Arms, Ammunition and Explosives, the Chiefs of Staff of the Tactical Operations Units or their equivalent in the Navy or the Air Force and the Executive and Deputy-Heads of Tactical Units of the National Army, or their equivalents in the Navy and the Air Force172

Right to Possess Firearms

In Colombia, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law173 174 123 175

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Colombia, civilians are not allowed to possess pistols and revolvers of calibre superior to 9.652mm, automatic arms, semi-automatic rifles and carbines over .22 calibre LR, arms with military-style devices (infrared and laser sights, grenade launchers and silencers),176 167 177 and explosive, toxic, expanding and fragmenting ammunition 178

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Colombia, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited with only narrow exemptions176 179 180 181 62

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Colombia, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is prohibited with only narrow exemptions176 181

Regulation of Handguns

In Colombia, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence182 176 179 180 181 62

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Colombia, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law182 176 62

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Colombia, only licensed gun owners123 175 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 126 190 191 192 62 171 132 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Colombia are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example personal protection, security, hunting, target shooting, collection193 189 184 194 187 190 191 192

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Colombia is 18 years192

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Colombia must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental health, health and addiction189 195 192 62 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Colombia, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required196

Partner to be Advised or Interviewed

In Colombia, licensing authorities are not required196 to conduct interviews with, or to advise an applicant's spouse, partner, or next of kin before issuing a gun licence

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Colombia stipulates197 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Colombia, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required (for surveillance or private security services)198 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Colombia, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every ten years (for firearms not to be carried outside of the house or property),187 three years (for self-defence) and one year (for restricted weapons)199 200

Licensing Records

In Colombia, authorities maintain a record201 202 11 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Colombia are permitted to possess two firearms for individuals188 180 and up to five firearms for legal persons and rural properties203 204 205

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Colombia are permitted to possess any quantity of ammunition196

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Colombia, the law requires206 207 201 181 208 202 11 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Colombia, licensed firearm dealers are required132 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Colombia, licensed gun makers are required128 209 206 207 132 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Colombia, State agencies are required206 207 201 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Colombia, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited outside immediate family members124 210 211 212

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Colombia, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful124 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 132 133

Number of Licensed Gun Dealers

The number of licensed firearm dealers in Colombia is reported to be

2006: 34134 133

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In Colombia, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined196

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Colombia, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated196 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Colombia include217 191 218 219 200 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Colombia include128 127 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Colombia include219 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Colombia include185 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Colombia, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law130 220 221 222 223 224 208 132

Firearm Tracing

In Colombia, state authorities carry out201 225 226 132 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Colombia, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are not222 recorded in a register

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Colombia, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law123 175 227 199 188 200 62 9 132

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Colombia, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit123 175 227 199 188 200 62 9

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Colombia, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit123 175 227 199 188 200 62 9

Gun Free Zones

In Colombia, private guns are prohibited in political meetings, elections or public corporations' meetings123

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Colombia, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm228 is 12 years in prison229 230 200 231

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in Colombia are known to have232 233 234 235 236 237 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Surrendered in Gun Amnesty

ChartIn Colombia, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered in recent arms amnesty and collection programmes is reported to be

2010: 250235
2005: 418,688238
2004: 743,688
2003-06: 18,051239
2003: 488238
1996-97: 2,688

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Colombia, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2013: 44,139240 241 242
2012: 75,213
2011: 42,062243 242
2010: 44,572242
2009: 47,941244 245 246
2008: 45,725244
2007: 56,682247 236 248
2006: 70,036247 249
2005: 20,967250
2004: 71,937251 250
2003: 54,756
2002: 18,409250
2001: 15,195
2000: 15,637

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn Colombia, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2013: 41,073241
2012: 74,359
2011: 42,052252
2010: 9,487235
2009: 26,014234 6
2008: 27,864
2006/07: 28,103236 6
2005: 418,688238
2004: 743,688
2003: 488
2003/06: 141,719253
2002: 15,026237
1996/97: 2,688238

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Colombia, it is not state policy254 255 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

Andean Community

As a member of the Andean Community, Colombia

adopted Decision 552: The Andean Plan to Prevent, Fight and Eradicate Illicit Trafficking in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects in June, 2003256

Organization of American States

On 14 November 1997, as a member of the Organisation of American States (OAS), Colombia adopted the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Explosives, Ammunition and Other Related Materials (CIFTA), a legally binding multilateral treaty of which the OAS is depository. The CIFTA Convention has since been signed and ratified257 258 by Colombia

United Nations Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice

The UNCCPCJ, a subsidiary body of the Economic and Social Council mandated to promote action to prevent national and transnational crime, lists259 Colombia as an elected member

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 2008260 by Colombia.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has been signed, but not yet ratified261 by Colombia

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has not been signed262 by Colombia

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Colombia committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects263

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Colombia against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 36264 265 266 267 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Colombia has submitted one or more national reports268 269 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Colombia, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated270 269

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Colombia, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated270

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Colombia submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent271 270

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated269 by Colombia to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided269 to Colombia by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Colombia has declared272 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Colombia has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1945273

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list274 Colombia as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Colombia, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Colombia ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


Short References

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Karp, Aaron.2009.‘Estimated Total Small Arms, Firearms, and Surpluses in Colombia, Rounded.’ Surplus Arms in South America: A Survey.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 August. (Q5304)Full Citation

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Aguirre, Katherine, Robert Muggah, Jorge A. Restrepo, and Michael Spagat.2006.‘Colombia's Hydra: The Many Faces of Gun Violence.’ Small Arms Survey 2006: Unfinished Business.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 June. (Q9976)Full Citation

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Jimeno, Rafael Hani.2010.‘Registration System, Control and Traceability of Firearms and Ammunition in Colombia (Sistema de registro, control y trazabilidad de las armas y municiones en Colombia).’ IX Seminar: Control of Arms Transfers and Trafficking - Compilation (IX Seminario: Control del Tráfico y Transferencia de Armas de Fuego - Sistematización).Santa Marta:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime / UNODC,25 February. (Q8986)Full Citation

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Calvani, Sandro and Stefan Liller.2006.‘Permits to Possess and to Carry Firearms Granted to Natural Persons.’ Violence, Crime and Illegal Arms Trafficking in Colombia.Bogota:United Nations Office of Drugs and Crime (UNODC),1 December. (Q11630)Full Citation

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Calvani, Sandro and Stefan Liller.2006.‘Legal Arms.’ Violence, Crime and Illegal Arms Trafficking in Colombia.Bogota:United Nations Office of Drugs and Crime (UNODC),1 December. (Q11628)Full Citation

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Karp, Aaron.2009.‘Country Summaries - Colombia.’ Surplus Arms in South America: A Survey.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 August. (Q5305)Full Citation

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Urrutia, Nicolas, Miguel Ortegoa, Gustavo Andrade and An Vranckx.2009.‘Conclusions.’ Arms Tracing: Perspectives on Control, Traffic and Use of Illegal Weapons in Colombia.Bogotá:University of Ghent, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Belgium, Fundación Ideas para la Paz (FIP),1 November. (Q9975)Full Citation

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Karp, Aaron.2012.‘State Firearms Ownership.’ Measurement and Use of Statistical Data to Analyze Small Arms in the Caribbean and Latin America.Mexico City:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the Center of Excellence, National Institute of Statistics and Geography (INEGI),28 April. (Q8973)Full Citation

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Karp, Aaron.2012.‘Military stockpiles.’ Measurement and Use of Statistical Data to Analyze Small Arms in the Caribbean and Latin America.Mexico City:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the Center of Excellence, National Institute of Statistics and Geography (INEGI),28 April. (Q11600)Full Citation

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