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Armed violence prevention, gun control laws and the small arms trade:

Chile — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Chile is 1,750,0001 2 to 2,760,0003

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) in Chile is 10.21 4 to 16.035 firearms per 100 people

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

ChartIn Chile, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be

2015: 64,0496
1995: 41,5557

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

ChartIn Chile, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be

2015: 269,1906
1995: 180,9247

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

ChartIn Chile, the number of handguns in civilian possession is reported to be

2015: 431,3936
1995: 378,4547

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Chile ranked at No. 408

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Chile ranked at No. 594

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

ChartThe number of licensed gun owners in Chile is reported to be

2006: 457,0009
1999: 350,0007

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Chile is

2006: 2.835
1999: 2.33

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Chile is reported to be

2015: 764,8746
2013: 758,5933
2010: 757,39710
2009: 756,00011
2006: 737,98011 9
2005: 695,96811 4 12
2003: 649,52411

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in Chile is

2015: 4.375
2013: 4.41
2010: 4.52
2009: 4.55
2006: 4.58
2005: 4.36
2003: 4.14

Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Chile there are estimated to be 750,0002 9 to 2,000,0003 13

Estimated Rate of Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Chile there are estimated to be 11.625 illicit firearms per 100 people

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Chile are reported to have 265,00014 15 2 16 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Chile are reported to have 26,00014 17 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Chile, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2009: 41418
2002: 24619 20

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Chile, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2009: 2.495
2002: 1.59

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Chile, annual homicides by any means total

2013: 55321
2012: 55021 22
2011: 63621 22 23 24
2010: 541
2009: 63021 22 23 24 25
2008: 588
2007: 616
2006: 590
2005: 576
2004: 85523 24 25
2003: 51322 23 24 25
2002: 83723 24 25
2001: 843
2000: 786
1999: 45723
1998: 421
1997: 371
1996: 439
1995: 461

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Chile, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2013: 2.7421
2012: 2.7821 22
2011: 3.1521 22 23 24
2010: 2.85
2009: 3.5121 22 23 24 25
2008: 3.32
2007: 3.46
2006: 3.57
2005: 3.5
2004: 5.323 24 25
2003: 3.222 23 24 25
2002: 5.323 24 25
2001: 5.4
2000: 5.1
1999: 3.023 26
1998: 2.8
1997: 2.5
1996: 3.0
1995: 3.2

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Chile, annual firearm homicides total

2011: 17222
2010: 124
2009: 158
2008: 53
2007: 43
2006: 71
2005: 22522 23
2002: 919
2001: 9
2000: 2727

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Chile, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 1.025
2010: 0.74
2009: 0.95
2008: 0.32
2007: 0.26
2006: 0.44
2005: 1.415 23
2002: 0.0619
2001: 0.06
2000: 0.1827

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Chile, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2011: 27%22
2010: 23%
2009: 25%22 18
2008: 9%22
2007: 7%
2006: 12%
2005: 39%

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Chile, annual suicides by any means total

2009: 2,15528
2008: 2,168
2007: 1,930
2006: 1,795
2005: 1,67928 29
2004: 1,74228
2003: 1,65928 29
2002: 1,59428
2001: 1,623
2000: 1,48028 29

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Chile, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2009: 12.728
2008: 12.9
2007: 11.6
2006: 10.9
2005: 10.328 29
2004: 10.828
2003: 10.428 29
2002: 10.128
2001: 10.4
2000: 9.628 29

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Chile, annual firearm suicides total

2009: 13418
2002: 17320

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Chile, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2009: 0.815
2002: 1.0920

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Chile, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2009: 1418
2002: 6420

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Chile, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2009: 0.085
2002: 0.4020

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

In Chile, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2001: 620

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

In Chile, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2001: 0.045

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Chile, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence30 31 32 33

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, Chile was ranked 'small'34

Home-made Guns

In Chile, the prevalence of illicit craft, or 'home-made' firearm manufacture is reported to be moderate13

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Regulation of Firearm Exports

In Chile, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law30 35 31 36 37 38 39 40 41

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Chile is reported by Customs to be US$1,911,88542 (2011)

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Chile was categorized as 'minor'43

Regulation of Firearm Imports

In Chile, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law30 31 36 44 37 38 39 45 40 41

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Chile is reported by Customs to be US$6,628,28442 (2011)46 47 48 49

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Chile, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law36 44 50 41

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Chile include35 39 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Chile is categorised as restrictive51

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Chile includes the Constitution of the Republic of Chile,32 the Act No. 17798 on Arms Control as amended by the Act No. 20014 of 200552 32 and by the Act No. 20813 of 2015,53 the Complementary Regulation of Act No. 17798,54 the Resolution No. 00416255 and the Convention of 1 July 1969 on Reciprocal Recognition of Proofmarks on Small Arms56

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Chile are regulated by the Ministry of National Defence, through the General Directorate of National Mobilisation, the commanders of the garrison of the Armed Forces and the Chilean Carabinier authorities52 57 58 59

Right to Possess Firearms

In Chile, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law60 61

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Chile, civilians are not allowed to possess long guns with shortened barrels, automatic handguns, machine guns, sub-machine guns, certain automatic and semi-automatic weapons, and home-made firearms62 63 64 65 66 67

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Chile, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited, with only narrow exceptions62 64 68 65 66 67

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Chile, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is prohibited, with only narrow exceptions62 64 68 65 67

Regulation of Handguns

In Chile, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence, except for automatic handguns62 64 65

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Chile, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law62 64 65

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Chile, only licensed gun owners30 69 70 71 72 66 73 74 67 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Chile are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, target shooting, collection, personal protection, security75 65 76 77

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Chile is the legal age78 74

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Chile must pass a background check which considers criminal, health and mental health78 79 69 74 67 records

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Chile stipulates78 79 74 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Chile, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required78 79 72 74 80 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Chile, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every five years78 79 81

Licensing Records

In Chile, authorities maintain a record80 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Chile are permitted to possess two firearms, with exceptions70 73 82 83 76

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Chile are permitted to possess a limited quantity of ammunition84

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Chile, the law requires69 85 86 87 88 89 67 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Chile, licensed firearm dealers are required90 30 87 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Chile, licensed gun makers are required30 90 91 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Chile, State agencies are required92 93 94 89 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Chile, the private sale and transfer of firearms is permitted30 95 96 97

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Chile, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful30 90 31 95 96 86 87 97

Background Checks for Dealer Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm from a licensed gun dealer in Chile is obliged87 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Number of Licensed Gun Dealers

The number of licensed firearm dealers in Chile is reported to be

2010: 42710

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Chile include98 78 79 99 85 66 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Chile include100 101 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Chile include92 94 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Chile include69 87 102 103 104 105 106 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Chile, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law62 63 64 33 45 93 107 89

Firearm Tracing

In Chile, state authorities carry out108 89 109 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Chile, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law69 75 110 111 112 77

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Chile, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm113 is five years in prison114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in Chile are known to have122 3 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Surrendered in Gun Amnesty

ChartIn Chile, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered in recent arms amnesty and collection programmes is reported to be

2012: 2,660122
2009: 3,885123

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Chile, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2013: 6,229124
2012: 2,894125 124
2011: 3,699124
2010: 3,460
2009: 3,396123

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn Chile, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2014: 7,068126 127
2013: 6,229126 128
2012: 5,554126 129 130 125
2011: 6,893126 131
2010: 7,410
2009: 7,281126 123 132
2008: 12,550126 132
2007: 8,757
2006: 6,012
2005: 7,673
2004: 2,766
2003: 2,761
2002: 2,329
2000: 5,296
1998: 7,641
1996: 2,500
1995: 3,180
1994: 686
1990: 140

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Chile, it is not state policy133 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

Organization of American States

On 14 November 1997, as a member of the Organisation of American States (OAS), Chile adopted the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Explosives, Ammunition and Other Related Materials (CIFTA), a legally binding multilateral treaty of which the OAS is depository. The CIFTA Convention has since been signed and ratified134 135 by Chile

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 2006136 by Chile.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has been signed, but not yet ratified137 by Chile

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified138 by Chile

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Chile committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects139

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Chile against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 100140 141 142 143 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Chile has submitted one or more national reports144 109 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Chile, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated145 109

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Chile, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated109

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Chile submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent109

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated109 by Chile to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Chile has declared146 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Chile has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1945147

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list148 Chile as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Chile, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Chile ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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Chile.2015.‘Article 3: Alteration and Modification of Serial Numbers (Alteración y Modificación de Números de Serie).’ Act No. 20.813 of 2015, Modifying Act 17.798 on Firearms Control and the Criminal Procedure Code .Santiago:Ministry of the Interior and Public Security,6 February. (Q10201)Full Citation

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Chile.2007.‘Authorisations for Weapons of War (Autorizaciones Materiales de Uso Bélico).’ Complementary Regulation of Act No. 17.798, on the Control of Firearms and Related Materials (Reglamento Complementario de la Ley 17.798, sobre Control de Armas y Elementos Similares).Santiago:Ministry of National Defence,22 February. (Q10226)Full Citation

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Chile.2007.‘Permitted Activities (Actividades Permitidas).’ Complementary Regulation of Act No. 17.798, on the Control of Firearms and Related Materials (Reglamento Complementario de la Ley 17.798, sobre Control de Armas y Elementos Similares).Santiago:Ministry of National Defence,22 February. (Q10215)Full Citation

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Chile.2007.‘Authorisation for Sale and Registration (Solicitud de Autorización de Compra e Inscripción).’ Complementary Regulation of Act No. 17.798, on the Control of Firearms and Related Materials (Reglamento Complementario de la Ley 17.798, sobre Control de Armas y Elementos Similares).Santiago:Ministry of National Defence,22 February. (Q10220)Full Citation

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Chile.2007.‘Requirements for Individuals - Sales Authorisation (Requisitos para Personas Naturales - Autorización de Compra).’ Complementary Regulation of Act No. 17.798, on the Control of Firearms and Related Materials (Reglamento Complementario de la Ley 17.798, sobre Control de Armas y Elementos Similares).Santiago:Ministry of National Defence,22 February. (Q10221)Full Citation

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