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Armed violence prevention, gun control laws and the small arms trade:

Chile — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Chile is 1,750,0001 2 to 2,760,0003

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) in Chile is 10.21 4 to 16.035 firearms per 100 people

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

In Chile, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be 41,5556

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

In Chile, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be 180,9246

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

There are reportedly 378,4546 handguns in civilian possession in Chile

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Chile ranked at No. 407

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Chile ranked at No. 594

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

ChartThe number of licensed gun owners in Chile is reported to be

2006: 457,0008
1999: 350,0006

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Chile is

2006: 2.835
1999: 2.34

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Chile is reported to be

2013: 758,5933
2009: 756,0009
2006: 737,9809 8
2005: 695,9689 4 10
2003: 649,5249

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in Chile is

2013: 4.415
2009: 4.55
2006: 4.58
2005: 4.36
2003: 4.14

Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Chile there are estimated to be 750,0002 8 to 2,000,0003

Estimated Rate of Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Chile there are estimated to be 11.625 illicit firearms per 100 people

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Chile are reported to have 265,00011 12 2 13 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Chile are reported to have 26,00011 14 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

In Chile, annual deaths resulting from firearms total 2002: 24615 16

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

In Chile, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is 2002: 1.595

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Chile, annual homicides by any means total

2011: 63617 18
2010: 541
2009: 63017 18 19
2008: 588
2007: 616
2006: 590
2005: 576
2004: 855
2003: 830
2002: 837
2001: 843
2000: 786
1999: 45717
1998: 421
1997: 371
1996: 439
1995: 461

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Chile, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2011: 3.717 18
2010: 3.2
2009: 3.717 18 19
2008: 3.5
2007: 3.7
2006: 3.6
2005: 3.5
2004: 5.3
2003: 5.2
2002: 5.3
2001: 5.4
2000: 5.1
1999: 3.017 20
1998: 2.8
1997: 2.5
1996: 3.0
1995: 3.2

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Chile, annual firearm homicides total

2005: 35317
2002: 915
2001: 9
2000: 2721

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Chile, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2005: 2.217
2002: 0.0615
2001: 0.06
2000: 0.1821

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Chile, annual suicides by any means total

2009: 2,15522
2008: 2,168
2007: 1,930
2006: 1,795
2005: 1,67922 23
2004: 1,74222
2003: 1,65922 23
2002: 1,59422
2001: 1,623
2000: 1,48022 23

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Chile, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2009: 12.722
2008: 12.9
2007: 11.6
2006: 10.9
2005: 10.322 23
2004: 10.822
2003: 10.422 23
2002: 10.122
2001: 10.4
2000: 9.622 23

Gun Suicides

In Chile, annual firearm suicides total 2002: 17316

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

In Chile, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is 2002: 1.0916

Unintentional Gun Deaths

In Chile, annual unintentional shooting deaths total 2002: 6416

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

In Chile, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is 2002: 0.4016

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

In Chile, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total 2001: 616

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

In Chile, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is 2001: 0.045

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Chile, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence24 25 6

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, Chile is ranked 'small'26

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Regulation of Firearm Exports

In Chile, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law27 28 29 30

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Chile is reported by Customs to be US$1,911,88531 (2011)

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Chile is categorized as 'minor'32

Regulation of Firearm Imports

In Chile, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law27 28 33 29 30

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Chile is reported by Customs to be US$6,628,28431 (2011)34

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Chile, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law35 30

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Chile include28 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Chile is categorised as restrictive36

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Chile includes the Constitution of the Republic of Chile, the Act No. 17.798 on Arms Control and its regulations,24 and Convention of 1 July 1969 on Reciprocal Recognition of Proofmarks on Small Arms37

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Chile are regulated by the Direccion General de Movilizacion Nacional and the Ministerio de Defensa Nacional6

Right to Possess Firearms

In Chile, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law38

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Chile, civilians are not allowed to possess machine guns and certain semi-automatic weapons39

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Chile, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited39

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Chile, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is prohibited with only narrow exemptions39

Regulation of Handguns

In Chile, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence6

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Chile, only licensed gun owners6 39 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Chile are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, target shooting, collection, personal protection, security6

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Chile is 18 years6

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Chile must pass a background check which considers criminal and mental6 39 records

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Chile does not stipulate6 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Chile, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required39 for a firearm licence

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Chile, the law requires40 39 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Chile, licensed gun makers are required41 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Chile, State agencies are required40 42 43 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Chile do not include6 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Chile include42 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Chile include6 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Chile, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law44 40 25 33 43

Firearm Tracing

In Chile, state authorities carry out45 46 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Chile, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed without a permit (with some restrictions)6

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in Chile are known to have3 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Surrendered in Gun Amnesty

In Chile, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered in recent arms amnesty and collection programmes is reported to be 2012: 2,66047

Firearms Collected and Seized

In Chile, firearms voluntarily surrendered for destruction, collected or seized in routine policing are reported to number 2012: 2,89448

Small Arms Destroyed

In Chile, the total number of firearms destroyed following recent amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be 2012: 5,55449 48

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Chile, it is not state policy50 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

Organization of American States

On 14 November 1997, as a member of the Organisation of American States (OAS), Chile adopted the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Explosives, Ammunition and Other Related Materials (CIFTA), a legally binding multilateral treaty of which the OAS is depository. The CIFTA Convention has since been signed and ratified51 52 by Chile

United Nations Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice

The UNCCPCJ, a subsidiary body of the Economic and Social Council mandated to promote action to prevent national and transnational crime, lists53 Chile as an elected member

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 200654 by Chile.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has been signed, but not yet ratified55 by Chile

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified56 by Chile

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Chile committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects57

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Chile against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 10058 59 60 61 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Chile has submitted one or more national reports62 46 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Chile, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated63 46

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Chile, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated46

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated46 by Chile to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Chile has declared64 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Chile has been a Member State of the United Nations since 194565

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list66 Chile as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Chile, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Chile ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


Short References

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