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Chile — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Chile is

2016: 845,9001 2 3
2015: 841,361
2013: 2,760,0004
2010: 1,750,0005
2009: 2,000,0006
2006: 811,7781 2 3
2005: 1,750,0007
2003: 714,4761 2 3

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Chile is

2016: 4.798 9 3
2015: 4.81
2013: 16.03
2010: 10.25
2009: 12.058
2006: 5.03
2005: 10.77
2003: 4.568 9 3

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

ChartIn Chile, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be

2015: 64,04910
1995: 41,55511

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

ChartIn Chile, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be

2015: 269,19010
1995: 180,92411

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

ChartIn Chile, the number of handguns in civilian possession is reported to be

2015: 431,39310
1995: 378,45411

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Chile ranked at No. 4012

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Chile ranked at No. 597

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

ChartThe number of licensed gun owners in Chile is reported to be

2006: 457,00013
1999: 350,00011

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Chile is

2006: 2.838
1999: 2.33

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Chile is reported to be

2016: 769,00014
2015: 764,87410
2013: 758,5934
2010: 757,39715
2009: 756,00016
2006: 737,98016 13 17
2005: 695,96816 7 18
2003: 649,52416

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in Chile is

2016: 4.368
2015: 4.37
2013: 4.41
2010: 4.52
2009: 4.55
2006: 4.58
2005: 4.36
2003: 4.14

Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms

ChartUnlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Chile there are estimated to be

2016: 76,9001 19 3
2015: 76,487
2013: 2,000,0004
2009: 1,300,0006 13
2006: 73,7981 19 3
2003: 64,952
2002: 1,300,00020

Estimated Rate of Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

ChartUnlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Chile the rate of illicit firearms per 100 people is estimated to be

2016: 0.448
2015: 0.44
2013: 11.62
2009: 7.83
2006: 0.46
2003: 0.41
2002: 8.38

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Chile are reported to have 265,00021 22 6 23 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Chile are reported to have 26,00021 24 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Chile, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2011: 40125
2009: 41426
2002: 24627 28

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Chile, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2011: 2.425
2009: 2.498
2002: 1.59

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Chile, annual homicides by any means total

2013: 55329
2012: 55029 30
2011: 63629 30 31 32
2010: 541
2009: 63029 30 31 32 33
2008: 588
2007: 616
2006: 590
2005: 576
2004: 85531 32 33
2003: 51330 31 32 33
2002: 83731 32 33
2001: 843
2000: 786
1999: 45731
1998: 421
1997: 371
1996: 439
1995: 461

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Chile, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2013: 2.7429
2012: 2.7829 30
2011: 3.1529 30 31 32
2010: 2.85
2009: 3.5129 30 31 32 33
2008: 3.32
2007: 3.46
2006: 3.57
2005: 3.529 30 31 32 33 17
2004: 5.331 32 33
2003: 3.230 31 32 33
2002: 5.331 32 33
2001: 5.4
2000: 5.1
1999: 3.031 34
1998: 2.8
1997: 2.5
1996: 3.0
1995: 3.2

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Chile, annual firearm homicides total

2011: 17230 25
2010: 12430
2009: 158
2008: 53
2007: 43
2006: 71
2005: 22530 31 17
2002: 927
2001: 9
2000: 2735

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Chile, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 1.028 25
2010: 0.748
2009: 0.95
2008: 0.32
2007: 0.26
2006: 0.44
2005: 1.418 31
2002: 0.0627
2001: 0.06
2000: 0.1835

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Chile, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2011: 27%30
2010: 23%
2009: 25%30 26
2008: 9%30
2007: 7%
2006: 12%
2005: 39%30 17

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Chile, annual suicides by any means total

2009: 2,15536
2008: 2,168
2007: 1,930
2006: 1,795
2005: 1,67936 37
2004: 1,74236
2003: 1,65936 37
2002: 1,59436
2001: 1,623
2000: 1,48036 37

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Chile, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2009: 12.736
2008: 12.9
2007: 11.6
2006: 10.9
2005: 10.336 37
2004: 10.836
2003: 10.436 37
2002: 10.136
2001: 10.4
2000: 9.636 37

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Chile, annual firearm suicides total

2011: 11025
2009: 13426
2002: 17328

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Chile, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.725
2009: 0.818
2002: 1.0928

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Chile, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2011: 1125
2009: 1426
2002: 6428

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Chile, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.078
2009: 0.08
2002: 0.4028

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

In Chile, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2001: 628

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

In Chile, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2001: 0.048

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Chile, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence38 39 40 41 17 42

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, Chile was ranked 'small'43

Home-made Guns

In Chile, the prevalence of illicit craft, or 'home-made' firearm manufacture is reported to be moderate20 44

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Chile, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law38 45 39 46 47 48 49 50 51

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Chile is reported by Customs to be US$1,911,88552 (2011)

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Chile was categorized as 'minor'53

Firearm Imports

In Chile, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law38 39 46 54 47 48 49 55 50 51

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Chile is reported by Customs to be US$6,628,28452 (2011)56 57 58 59

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Chile, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law46 54 60 51

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Chile include45 49 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Chile is categorised as restrictive61

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Chile includes the Constitution of the Republic of Chile,40 the Act No. 17798 on Arms Control as amended by the Act No. 20014 of 200562 40 and by the Act No. 20813 of 2015,63 the Complementary Regulation of Act No. 17798,64 the Resolution No. 00416265 and the Convention of 1 July 1969 on Reciprocal Recognition of Proofmarks on Small Arms66

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Chile are regulated by the Ministry of National Defence, through the General Directorate of National Mobilisation, the commanders of the garrison of the Armed Forces and the Chilean Carabinier authorities62 67 68 69

Right to Possess Firearms

In Chile, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law70 71

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Chile, civilians are not allowed to possess long guns with shortened barrels, automatic handguns, machine guns, sub-machine guns, certain automatic and semi-automatic weapons, and home-made firearms72 73 74 75 76 77

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Chile, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited, with only narrow exceptions72 74 78 75 76 77

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Chile, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is prohibited, with only narrow exceptions72 74 78 75 77

Regulation of Handguns

In Chile, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence, except for automatic handguns72 74 75

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Chile, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law72 74 75

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Chile, only licensed gun owners38 79 80 81 82 76 83 84 77 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Chile are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, target shooting, collection, personal protection, security85 75 86 87

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Chile is the legal age88 84

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Chile must pass a background check which considers criminal, health and mental health88 89 79 84 77 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Chile, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required90

Partner to be Advised or Interviewed

In Chile, licensing authorities are not required90 to conduct interviews with, or to advise an applicant's spouse, partner, or next of kin before issuing a gun licence

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Chile stipulates88 89 84 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Chile, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required88 89 82 84 91 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Chile, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every five years88 89 92

Licensing Records

In Chile, authorities maintain a record91 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Chile are permitted to possess two firearms, with exceptions80 83 93 94 86

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Chile are permitted to possess a limited quantity of ammunition95

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Chile, the law requires79 96 97 98 99 100 77 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Chile, licensed firearm dealers are required101 38 98 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Chile, licensed gun makers are required38 101 102 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Chile, State agencies are required103 104 105 100 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Chile, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited without a permit106 38 107 108

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Chile, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful38 101 39 106 107 97 98 108

Background Checks for Private Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm in a private sale in Chile is obliged98 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Background Checks for Dealer Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm from a licensed gun dealer in Chile is obliged98 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Number of Licensed Gun Dealers

The number of licensed firearm dealers in Chile is reported to be

2010: 42715

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In Chile, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined90

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Chile, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated90 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Chile include109 88 89 110 96 76 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Chile include111 112 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Chile include103 105 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Chile include79 98 113 114 115 116 117 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Chile, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law72 73 74 41 55 104 118 100

Firearm Tracing

In Chile, state authorities carry out119 100 120 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Chile, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are not90 recorded in a register

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Chile, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law79 85 121 122 123 87

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Chile, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is prohibited79 85 121 122 123 87

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Chile, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit79 85 121 122 123 87

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Chile, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm124 is five years in prison125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in Chile are known to have133 4 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Surrendered in Gun Amnesty

ChartIn Chile, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered in recent arms amnesty and collection programmes is reported to be

2012: 2,660133
2009: 3,885134

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Chile, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2013: 6,229135
2012: 2,894136 135
2011: 3,699135
2010: 3,460
2009: 3,396134

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn Chile, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2014: 7,068137 138
2013: 6,229137 139
2012: 5,554137 140 141 136
2011: 6,893137 142
2010: 7,410
2009: 7,281137 134 143
2008: 12,550137 143
2007: 8,757
2006: 6,012137 143 17
2005: 7,673137 143
2004: 2,766137 143
2003: 2,761
2002: 2,329
2002/04: 7,85617
2000: 5,296137 143
1998: 7,641
1996: 2,500
1995: 3,180
1994: 686
1990/05: 34,97217
1990: 140

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Chile, it is not state policy144 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

Organization of American States

On 14 November 1997, as a member of the Organisation of American States (OAS), Chile adopted the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Explosives, Ammunition and Other Related Materials (CIFTA), a legally binding multilateral treaty of which the OAS is depository. The CIFTA Convention has since been signed and ratified145 146 by Chile

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 2006147 by Chile.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has been signed, but not yet ratified148 by Chile

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified149 by Chile

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Chile committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects150

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Chile against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 100151 152 153 154 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Chile has submitted one or more national reports155 120 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Chile, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated156 120

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Chile, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated120

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Chile submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent120

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated120 by Chile to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Chile has declared157 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Chile has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1945158

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list159 Chile as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Chile, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Chile ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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Chile.2015.‘Article 11: Illegal Transfer of Firearms Outside Authorised Sites (Traslado de Armas Afuera de Lugares Aprobados).’ Act No. 20.813 of 2015, Modifying Act 17.798 on Firearms Control and the Criminal Procedure Code .Santiago:Ministry of the Interior and Public Security,6 February. (Q10208)Full Citation

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