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Armed violence prevention, gun control laws and the small arms trade:

Chile — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Chile is 1,750,0001 2 to 2,760,0003

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) in Chile is 10.21 4 to 16.035 firearms per 100 people

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

In Chile, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be 41,5556

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

In Chile, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be 180,9246

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

There are reportedly 378,4546 handguns in civilian possession in Chile

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Chile ranked at No. 407

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Chile ranked at No. 594

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

ChartThe number of licensed gun owners in Chile is reported to be

2006: 457,0008
1999: 350,0006

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Chile is

2006: 2.835
1999: 2.33

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Chile is reported to be

2013: 758,5933
2010: 757,3979
2009: 756,00010
2006: 737,98010 8
2005: 695,96810 4 11
2003: 649,52410

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in Chile is

2013: 4.415
2010: 4.52
2009: 4.55
2006: 4.58
2005: 4.36
2003: 4.14

Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Chile there are estimated to be 750,0002 8 to 2,000,0003

Estimated Rate of Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Chile there are estimated to be 11.625 illicit firearms per 100 people

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Chile are reported to have 265,00012 13 2 14 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Chile are reported to have 26,00012 15 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Chile, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2009: 41416
2002: 24617 18

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Chile, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2009: 2.495
2002: 1.59

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Chile, annual homicides by any means total

2013: 55319
2012: 55019 20
2011: 63619 20 21 22
2010: 541
2009: 63019 20 21 22 23
2008: 588
2007: 616
2006: 590
2005: 576
2004: 85521 22 23
2003: 51320 21 22 23
2002: 83721 22 23
2001: 843
2000: 786
1999: 45721
1998: 421
1997: 371
1996: 439
1995: 461

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Chile, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2013: 2.7419
2012: 2.7819 20
2011: 3.1519 20 21 22
2010: 2.85
2009: 3.5119 20 21 22 23
2008: 3.32
2007: 3.46
2006: 3.57
2005: 3.5
2004: 5.321 22 23
2003: 3.220 21 22 23
2002: 5.321 22 23
2001: 5.4
2000: 5.1
1999: 3.021 24
1998: 2.8
1997: 2.5
1996: 3.0
1995: 3.2

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Chile, annual firearm homicides total

2011: 17220
2010: 124
2009: 158
2008: 53
2007: 43
2006: 71
2005: 22520 21
2002: 917
2001: 9
2000: 2725

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Chile, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 1.025
2010: 0.74
2009: 0.95
2008: 0.32
2007: 0.26
2006: 0.44
2005: 1.415 21
2002: 0.0617
2001: 0.06
2000: 0.1825

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Chile, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2011: 27%20
2010: 23%
2009: 25%20 16
2008: 9%20
2007: 7%
2006: 12%
2005: 39%

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Chile, annual suicides by any means total

2009: 2,15526
2008: 2,168
2007: 1,930
2006: 1,795
2005: 1,67926 27
2004: 1,74226
2003: 1,65926 27
2002: 1,59426
2001: 1,623
2000: 1,48026 27

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Chile, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2009: 12.726
2008: 12.9
2007: 11.6
2006: 10.9
2005: 10.326 27
2004: 10.826
2003: 10.426 27
2002: 10.126
2001: 10.4
2000: 9.626 27

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Chile, annual firearm suicides total

2009: 13416
2002: 17318

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Chile, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2009: 0.815
2002: 1.0918

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Chile, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2009: 1416
2002: 6418

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Chile, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2009: 0.085
2002: 0.4018

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

In Chile, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2001: 618

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

In Chile, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2001: 0.045

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Chile, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence28 29 30 31

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, Chile was ranked 'small'32

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Regulation of Firearm Exports

In Chile, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law28 33 29 34 35 36 37 38

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Chile is reported by Customs to be US$1,911,88539 (2011)

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Chile was categorized as 'minor'40

Regulation of Firearm Imports

In Chile, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law28 29 34 41 35 36 42 37 38

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Chile is reported by Customs to be US$6,628,28439 (2011)43 44 45 46

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Chile, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law34 41 47 38

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Chile include33 36 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Chile is categorised as restrictive48

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Chile includes the Constitution of the Republic of Chile,30 the Act No. 17798 on Arms Control as amended by the Act No. 20014 of 200549 30 and by the Act No. 20813 of 2015,50 the Complementary Regulation of Act No. 1779851 and the Convention of 1 July 1969 on Reciprocal Recognition of Proofmarks on Small Arms52

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Chile are regulated by the Ministry of National Defence, through the General Directorate of National Mobilisation, the commanders of the garrison of the Armed Forces and the Chilean Carabinier authorities49 53 54 55

Right to Possess Firearms

In Chile, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law56 57

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Chile, civilians are not allowed to possess long guns with shortened barrels, automatic handguns, machine guns, sub-machine guns, certain automatic and semi-automatic weapons, and home-made firearms58 59 60 61 62 63

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Chile, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited, with only narrow exceptions58 60 64 61 62 63

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Chile, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is prohibited, with only narrow exceptions58 60 64 61 63

Regulation of Handguns

In Chile, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence, except for automatic handguns58 60 61

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Chile, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law58 60 61

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Chile, only licensed gun owners28 65 66 67 68 62 69 70 63 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Chile are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, target shooting, collection, personal protection, security71 61 72 73

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Chile is the legal age74 70

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Chile must pass a background check which considers criminal, health, and mental74 75 65 70 63 records

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Chile stipulates74 75 70 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Chile, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required74 75 68 70 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Chile, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every five years74 75 76

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Chile are permitted to possess two firearms, with exceptions66 69 77 78 72

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Chile are permitted to possess a limited quantity of ammunition79

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Chile, the law requires65 80 81 82 83 84 63 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Chile, licensed firearm dealers are required85 28 82 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Chile, licensed gun makers are required28 85 86 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Chile, State agencies are required87 88 89 84 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Chile, the private sale and transfer of firearms is permitted28 90 91 92

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Chile, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful28 85 29 90 91 81 82 92

Background Checks for Dealer Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm from a licensed gun dealer in Chile is obliged82 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Number of Licensed Gun Dealers

The number of licensed firearm dealers in Chile is reported to be

2010: 4279

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Chile include74 75 93 80 62 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Chile include94 95 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Chile include87 89 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Chile include65 82 96 97 98 99 100 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Chile, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law58 59 60 31 42 88 101 84

Firearm Tracing

In Chile, state authorities carry out102 84 103 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Chile, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law65 71 104 105 106 73

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Chile, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm107 is 5 years prison108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in Chile are known to have116 3 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Surrendered in Gun Amnesty

ChartIn Chile, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered in recent arms amnesty and collection programmes is reported to be

2012: 2,660116
2009: 3,885117

Firearms Collected and Seized

ChartIn Chile, firearms voluntarily surrendered for destruction, collected or seized in routine policing are reported to number

2013: 6,229118
2012: 2,894119 118
2011: 3,699118
2010: 3,460
2009: 3,396117

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn Chile, the total number of firearms destroyed following recent amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2012: 5,554120 119
2009: 7,281117
1990-2009: 69,572121

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Chile, it is not state policy122 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

Organization of American States

On 14 November 1997, as a member of the Organisation of American States (OAS), Chile adopted the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Explosives, Ammunition and Other Related Materials (CIFTA), a legally binding multilateral treaty of which the OAS is depository. The CIFTA Convention has since been signed and ratified123 124 by Chile

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 2006125 by Chile.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has been signed, but not yet ratified126 by Chile

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified127 by Chile

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Chile committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects128

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Chile against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 100129 130 131 132 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Chile has submitted one or more national reports133 103 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Chile, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated134 103

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Chile, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated103

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Chile submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent103

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated103 by Chile to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Chile has declared135 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Chile has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1945136

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list137 Chile as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Chile, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Chile ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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