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Chile — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Chile is 1,500,0001 to 2,760,0002

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) in Chile is 16.033 4 firearms per 100 people

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

In Chile, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be 41,5555

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

In Chile, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be 180,9245

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

There are reportedly 378,4545 handguns in civilian possession in Chile

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Chile ranked at No. 406

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Chile ranked at No. 594

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

The number of licensed gun owners in Chile is reported to be 457,0007

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

The rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Chile is 2.343

Number of Registered Firearms

The number of registered guns in Chile is reported to be 758,5932 7

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

The rate of registered guns per 100 people in Chile is 4.413

Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Chile there are estimated to be 750,0001 7 to 2,000,0002

Estimated Rate of Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Chile there are estimated to be 11.623 illicit firearms per 100 people

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Chile are reported to have 358,0008 1 to 502,5009 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Chile are reported to have 60,00010 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

In Chile, annual deaths resulting from firearms total 2002: 24611 12

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

In Chile, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is 2002: 1.593

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Chile, annual homicides by any means total

2011: 63613
2010: 541
2009: 63014 13
2008: 588
2007: 616
2006: 590
2005: 576
2004: 278
2003: 592
2002: 732
2001: 929
2000: 878
1999: 45713
1998: 421
1997: 371
1996: 439
1995: 461

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Chile, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2011: 3.713
2010: 3.2
2009: 3.7114 13
2008: 3.50
2007: 3.70
2006: 3.58
2005: 3.54
2004: 1.72
2003: 3.71
2002: 4.64
2001: 5.96
2000: 5.70
1999: 3.013 15
1998: 2.8
1997: 2.5
1996: 3.0
1995: 3.2

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Chile, annual firearm homicides total

2005: 35313
2002: 911
2001: 9
2000: 2716

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Chile, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2005: 2.213
2002: 0.0611
2001: 0.06
2000: 0.1816

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Chile, annual suicides by any means total

2005: 1,68017
2003: 1,654

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Chile, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2005: 10.3017
2003: 10.40
2000: 9.60

Gun Suicides

In Chile, annual firearm suicides total 2002: 17312

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

In Chile, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is 2002: 1.0912

Unintentional Gun Deaths

In Chile, annual unintentional shooting deaths total 2002: 6412

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

In Chile, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is 2002: 0.4012

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

In Chile, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total 2001: 612

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

In Chile, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is 2001: 0.043

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Chile, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence5

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, Chile is ranked 'small'18

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Regulation of Firearm Exports

In Chile, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law19

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Chile is reported by Customs to be US$1,911,88520 (2011)

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Chile is categorized as 'minor'21

Regulation of Firearm Imports

In Chile, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law19

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Chile is reported by Customs to be US$6,628,28420 (2011)22

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Chile, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are not specifically regulated by law19

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Chile is categorised as restrictive23

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Chile includes the Convention of 1 July 1969 on Reciprocal Recognition of Proofmarks on Small Arms24

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Chile are regulated by the Direccion General de Movilizacion Nacional and the Ministerio de Defensa Nacional5

Right to Possess Firearms

In Chile, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law25

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Chile, civilians are not allowed to possess machine guns and certain semi-automatic weapons26

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Chile, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited26

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Chile, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is prohibited with only narrow exemptions26

Regulation of Handguns

In Chile, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence5

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Chile, only licensed gun owners5 26 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Chile are required to prove genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example, hunting, target shooting, collection, personal protection, security5

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Chile is 18 years5

Gun Licence Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Chile must pass a background check which considers criminal and mental5 26 records

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Chile does not stipulate5 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Chile, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required26 for a firearm licence

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Chile, the law requires27 26 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Chile, State agencies are required27 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Chile do not include5 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Chile include5 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Chile, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law28 27

Firearm Tracing

In Chile, state authorities carry out29 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Marking of Firearms and Ammunition

In Chile, state authorities employ28 ballistic fingerprinting technology to trace guns and ammunition

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Chile, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed without a permit (with some restrictions)5

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in Chile are known to have2 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

Organization of American States

On 14 November 1997, as a member of the Organisation of American States (OAS), Chile adopted the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Explosives, Ammunition and Other Related Materials (CIFTA), a legally binding multilateral treaty of which the OAS is depository. The CIFTA Convention has since been signed and ratified30 31 by Chile

United Nations Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice

At the resumption of the most recent session of the UN Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice (UNCCPCJ), a subsidiary body of the Economic and Social Council mandated to promote action to prevent national and transnational crime, Chile was listed as an elected member for a three-year term of office32

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 200633 by Chile.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has been signed, but not yet ratified34 by Chile

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified35 by Chile

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Chile committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects36

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Chile against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 10037 38 39 40 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Chile has submitted one or more national reports41 29 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Chile, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated42 29

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Chile, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated29

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated29 by Chile to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Chile has declared43 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Chile has been a Member State of the United Nations since 194544

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list45 Chile as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Chile, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Chile ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


Short References

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GunPolicy.org.2014.‘Calculated Rates – Chile.’ Historical Population Data – USCB International Data Base.Suitland, MD:US Census Bureau Population Division,4 July. (Q4215)Full Citation

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Karp, Aaron.2006.‘Trickle and Torrent: State stockpiles.’ Small Arms Survey 2006: Unfinished Business.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q6)Full Citation

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Karp, Aaron.2012.‘Table 2 - Examples of Police Firearms Per Officer in Selected Countries.’ Armed Actors - Estimating Law Enforcement Firearms.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,1 December. (Q6545)Full Citation

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Pavesi, Irene and Christelle Rigual.2013.‘Annexes 8.2: Major Importers.’ Small Arms Survey 2013: Everyday Dangers.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,2 July. (Q8486)Full Citation

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Sherman, Amy and Tom Ginsburg.2014.‘Gun Rights in National Constitutions.’ Marco Rubio Says Second Amendment Is Unique in Speech to NRA.Miami FL:Miami Herald (PolitiFact Florida),29 April. (Q8507)Full Citation

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Ryan Johnson. 2013. ‘Chilean Bank Heist Fails, Despite Machine Gun and Grenade.’ Santiago Times. 20 June. (N300) Full Citation

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