Find Gun Policy Facts

Armed violence prevention, gun control laws and the small arms trade:

Chile — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Chile is

2017: 2,220,0001
2016: 845,9002 3 4
2015: 841,361
2013: 2,760,0005
2010: 1,750,0006
2009: 2,000,0007
2006: 811,7782 3 4
2005: 1,750,0008
2003: 714,4762 3 4

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Chile is

2017: 12.101
2016: 4.799 10 4
2015: 4.81
2013: 16.03
2010: 10.26
2009: 12.059
2006: 5.03
2005: 10.78
2003: 4.569 10 4

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

ChartIn Chile, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be

2015: 64,04911
1995: 41,55512

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

ChartIn Chile, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be

2015: 269,19011
1995: 180,92412

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

ChartIn Chile, the number of handguns in civilian possession is reported to be

2015: 431,39311
1995: 378,45412

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Chile ranked at No. 4013

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Chile ranked at No. 598

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

ChartThe number of licensed gun owners in Chile is reported to be

2006: 457,00014
1999: 350,00012

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Chile is

2006: 2.839
1999: 2.33

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Chile is reported to be

2017: 763,1821
2016: 769,00015
2015: 764,87411
2013: 758,5935
2010: 757,39716
2009: 756,00017
2006: 737,98017 14 18
2005: 695,96817 8 19
2003: 649,52417

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in Chile is

2016: 4.369
2015: 4.37
2013: 4.41
2010: 4.52
2009: 4.55
2006: 4.58
2005: 4.36
2003: 4.14

Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms

ChartUnlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Chile there are estimated to be

2017: 1,456,8181
2016: 76,9002 20 4
2015: 76,487
2013: 2,000,0005
2009: 1,300,0007 14
2006: 73,7982 20 4
2003: 64,952
2002: 1,300,00021

Estimated Rate of Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

ChartUnlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Chile the rate of illicit firearms per 100 people is estimated to be

2016: 0.449
2015: 0.44
2013: 11.62
2009: 7.83
2006: 0.46
2003: 0.41
2002: 8.38

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Chile are reported to have 311,90022 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Chile are reported to have 66,00023 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Chile, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 51824
2013: 411
2012: 359
2011: 40125
2010: 415
2009: 41426
2002: 24627 28

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Chile, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 2.9824
2013: 2.39
2012: 2.10
2011: 2.37
2010: 2.48
2009: 2.499
2002: 1.59

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Chile, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 47224
2013: 375
2012: 325
2011: 364
2010: 374

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Chile, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 4624
2013: 36
2012: 34
2011: 37
2010: 41

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Chile, annual homicides by any means total

2016: 79029
2015: 785
2014: 83424
2013: 678
2012: 687
2011: 785
2010: 779
2009: 63030 31 32 33 34
2008: 588
2007: 616
2006: 590
2005: 576
2004: 85532 33 34
2003: 51331 32 33 34
2002: 83732 33 34
2001: 843
2000: 786
1999: 45732
1998: 421
1997: 371
1996: 439
1995: 461

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Chile, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2014: 2.9824
2013: 2.39
2012: 2.10
2011: 2.37
2010: 2.48
2009: 3.5130 31 32 33 34
2008: 3.32
2007: 3.46
2006: 3.57
2005: 3.530 31 32 33 34 18
2004: 5.332 33 34
2003: 3.231 32 33 34
2002: 5.332 33 34
2001: 5.4
2000: 5.1
1999: 3.032 35
1998: 2.8
1997: 2.5
1996: 3.0
1995: 3.2

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Chile, annual male homicides by any means total

2014: 73224
2013: 590
2012: 596
2011: 701
2010: 670

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Chile, annual female homicides by any means total

2014: 10224
2013: 88
2012: 91
2011: 84
2010: 109

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Chile, annual firearm homicides total

2014: 35124
2013: 260
2012: 220
2011: 280
2010: 249
2009: 158
2008: 53
2007: 43
2006: 71
2005: 22531 32 18
2002: 927
2001: 9
2000: 2736

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Chile, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 2.0224
2013: 1.51
2012: 1.29
2011: 1.66
2010: 1.49
2009: 0.95
2008: 0.32
2007: 0.26
2006: 0.44
2005: 1.419 32
2002: 0.0627
2001: 0.06
2000: 0.1836

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Chile, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2011: 27%31
2010: 23%
2009: 25%31 26
2008: 9%31
2007: 7%
2006: 12%
2005: 39%31 18

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Chile, annual male firearm homicides total

2015: 31624
2014: 316
2013: 236
2012: 198
2011: 248
2010: 220

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Chile, annual female firearm homicides total

2015: 3524
2014: 35
2013: 24
2012: 22
2011: 32
2010: 29

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Chile, annual suicides by any means total

2014: 1,78924
2013: 1,738
2012: 1,841
2011: 2,027
2010: 2,001
2009: 2,15537
2008: 2,168
2007: 1,930
2006: 1,795
2005: 1,67937 38
2004: 1,74237
2003: 1,65937 38
2002: 1,59437
2001: 1,623
2000: 1,48037 38

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Chile, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2014: 10.3024
2013: 10.09
2012: 10.79
2011: 11.98
2010: 11.94
2009: 12.737
2008: 12.9
2007: 11.6
2006: 10.9
2005: 10.337 38
2004: 10.837
2003: 10.437 38
2002: 10.137
2001: 10.4
2000: 9.637 38

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Chile, annual male suicides by any means total

2014: 1,47524
2013: 1,420
2012: 1,510
2011: 1,657
2010: 1,618

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Chile, annual female suicides by any means total

2014: 31424
2013: 318
2012: 331
2011: 370
2010: 383

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Chile, annual firearm suicides total

2014: 11624
2013: 126
2012: 113
2011: 11025
2010: 145
2009: 13426
2002: 17328

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Chile, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.6724
2013: 0.73
2012: 0.66
2011: 0.65
2010: 0.87
2009: 0.819
2002: 1.0928

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Chile, annual male firearm suicides total

2014: 10724
2013: 115
2012: 102
2011: 106
2010: 135

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Chile, annual female firearm suicides total

2014: 924
2013: 11
2012: 11
2011: 4
2010: 10

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Chile, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2014: 5124
2013: 25
2012: 26
2011: 1125
2010: 21
2009: 1426
2002: 6428

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Chile, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2014: 024
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0.08
2002: 0.4028

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Chile, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2014: 4924
2013: 24
2012: 25
2011: 10
2010: 19

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Chile, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2014: 224
2013: 1
2012: 1
2011: 1
2010: 2

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Chile, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 024
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2001: 628

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

In Chile, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2001: 0.049

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Chile, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 024
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Chile, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 024
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Chile, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence39 40 41 42 18 43

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, Chile was ranked 'small'44

Home-made Guns

In Chile, the prevalence of illicit craft, or 'home-made' firearm manufacture is reported to be moderate21 45

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Chile, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law39 46 40 47 48 49 50 51 52

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Chile is reported by Customs to be US$1,911,88553 (2011)

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Chile was categorized as 'minor'54

Firearm Imports

In Chile, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law39 40 47 55 48 49 50 56 51 52

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Chile is reported by Customs to be US$6,628,28453 (2011)57 58 59 60

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Chile, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law47 55 61 52

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Chile include46 50 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Chile is categorised as restrictive62

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Chile includes the Constitution of the Republic of Chile,41 the Act No. 17798 on Arms Control as amended by the Act No. 20014 of 200563 41 and by the Act No. 20813 of 2015,64 the Complementary Regulation of Act No. 17798,65 the Resolution No. 00416266 and the Convention of 1 July 1969 on Reciprocal Recognition of Proofmarks on Small Arms67

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Chile are regulated by the Ministry of National Defence, through the General Directorate of National Mobilisation, the commanders of the garrison of the Armed Forces and the Chilean Carabinier authorities63 68 69 70

Right to Possess Firearms

In Chile, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law71 72

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Chile, civilians are not allowed to possess long guns with shortened barrels, automatic handguns, machine guns, sub-machine guns, certain automatic and semi-automatic weapons, and home-made firearms73 74 75 76 77 78

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Chile, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited, with only narrow exceptions73 75 79 76 77 78

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Chile, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is prohibited, with only narrow exceptions73 75 79 76 78

Regulation of Handguns

In Chile, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence, except for automatic handguns73 75 76

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Chile, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law73 75 76

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Chile, only licensed gun owners39 80 81 82 83 77 84 85 78 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Chile are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, target shooting, collection, personal protection, security86 76 87 88

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Chile is the legal age89 85

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Chile must pass a background check which considers criminal, health and mental health89 90 80 85 78 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Chile, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required91

Partner to be Advised or Interviewed

In Chile, licensing authorities are not required91 to conduct interviews with, or to advise an applicant's spouse, partner, or next of kin before issuing a gun licence

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Chile stipulates89 90 85 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Chile, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required89 90 83 85 92 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Chile, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every five years89 90 93

Licensing Records

In Chile, authorities maintain a record92 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Chile are permitted to possess two firearms, with exceptions81 84 94 95 87

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Chile are permitted to possess a limited quantity of ammunition96

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Chile, the law requires80 97 98 99 100 101 78 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Chile, licensed firearm dealers are required102 39 99 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Chile, licensed gun makers are required39 102 103 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Chile, State agencies are required104 105 106 101 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Chile, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited without a permit107 39 108 109

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Chile, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful39 102 40 107 108 98 99 109

Background Checks for Private Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm in a private sale in Chile is obliged99 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Background Checks for Dealer Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm from a licensed gun dealer in Chile is obliged99 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Number of Licensed Gun Dealers

The number of licensed firearm dealers in Chile is reported to be

2010: 42716

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In Chile, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined91

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Chile, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated91 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Chile include110 89 90 111 97 77 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Chile include112 113 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Chile include104 106 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Chile include80 99 114 115 116 117 118 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Chile, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law73 74 75 42 56 105 119 101

Firearm Tracing

In Chile, state authorities carry out120 101 121 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Chile, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are not91 recorded in a register

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Chile, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law80 86 122 123 124 88

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Chile, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is prohibited80 86 122 123 124 88

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Chile, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit80 86 122 123 124 88

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Chile, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm125 is five years in prison126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in Chile are known to have134 5 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Surrendered in Gun Amnesty

ChartIn Chile, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered in recent arms amnesty and collection programmes is reported to be

2012: 2,660134
2009: 3,885135

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Chile, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2013: 6,229136
2012: 2,894137 136
2011: 3,699136
2010: 3,460
2009: 3,396135

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn Chile, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2014: 7,068138 139
2013: 6,229138 140
2012: 5,554138 141 142 137
2011: 6,893138 143
2010: 7,410
2009: 7,281138 135 144
2008: 12,550138 144
2007: 8,757
2006: 6,012138 144 18
2005: 7,673138 144
2004: 2,766138 144
2003: 2,761
2002: 2,329
2002/04: 7,85618
2000: 5,296138 144
1998: 7,641
1996: 2,500
1995: 3,180
1994: 686
1990/05: 34,97218
1990: 140

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Chile, it is not state policy145 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

Organization of American States

On 14 November 1997, as a member of the Organisation of American States (OAS), Chile adopted the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Explosives, Ammunition and Other Related Materials (CIFTA), a legally binding multilateral treaty of which the OAS is depository. The CIFTA Convention has since been signed and ratified146 147 by Chile

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 2006148 by Chile.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed, but not yet ratified149 by Chile

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified150 by Chile

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Chile committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects151

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Chile against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 100152 153 154 155 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Chile has submitted one or more national reports156 121 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Chile, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated157 121

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Chile, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated121

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Chile submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent121

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated121 by Chile to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Chile has declared158 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Chile has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1945159

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list160 Chile as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Chile, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Chile ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


Short References

1.

Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Civilian Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Civilian-Held Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13434)Full Citation

2.

GunPolicy.org.2016.‘Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms and of Privately Owned Firearms - Chile.’ Number of Registered Firearms, Chile.Sydney:GunPolicy.org,15 December. (Q13231)Full Citation

3.

GunPolicy.org. 2016. ‘Number of Privately Owned Firearms.’ Definition and Selection Criteria.
Sydney School of Public Health, 12 December.
(G1) Full Citation

4.

UNODC.2010.‘Value of the Global Firearms Market (Licit and Illicit).’ The Globalization of Crime: A Transnational Organized Crime Threat Assessment (TOCTA).Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,1 June. (Q13189)Full Citation

5.

Activa. 2014. ‘ONG Activa Advierte Que Unos 2 Millones De Armas De Fuego No Estarían Inscritas.’ Terra (Chile). 19 January. (N318) Full Citation

6.

Karp, Aaron.2012.‘Estimated Civilian Gun Ownership.’ Measurement and Use of Statistical Data to Analyze Small Arms in the Caribbean and Latin America.Mexico City:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the Center of Excellence, National Institute of Statistics and Geography (INEGI),28 April. (Q8972)Full Citation

7.

Karp, Aaron.2009.‘Estimated Total Small Arms, Firearms, and Surpluses in Chile, Rounded.’ Surplus Arms in South America: A Survey.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 August. (Q5302)Full Citation

8.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms - Annexe online.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q5)Full Citation

9.

GunPolicy.org.2016.‘Calculated Rates - Chile.’ Historical Population Data - USCB International Data Base.Suitland, MD:US Census Bureau Population Division,19 December. (Q4215)Full Citation

10.

GunPolicy.org. 2016. ‘Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population.’ Definition and Selection Criteria.
Sydney School of Public Health, 12 December.
(G6) Full Citation

11.

Chile.2015.‘Registered Firearms by Type (Armas Inscritas según Tipo).’ Firearm Statistics, 2015 (Estadísticas de Armas, 2015).Santiago:Dirección General De Movilización Nacional (General Directorate of National Mobilisation),30 November. (Q11700)Full Citation

12.

United Nations.1999.‘Analysis of Country Responses.’ United Nations International Study on Firearm Regulation.Vienna:UN Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Division,30 August. (Q1)Full Citation

13.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q4)Full Citation

14.

Karp, Aaron.2009.‘Country Summaries - Chile.’ Surplus Arms in South America: A Survey.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 August. (Q5303)Full Citation

15.

Karen González T.. 2016. ‘Firearm Registration Will Require Police Officers to Visit Owners' Homes.’ La Tercera (Chile). 8 August. (N664) Full Citation

16.

Burlé, Ricardo.2010.‘Registered Firearms (Armas registradas).’ Plurinational Meeting: Transfer and Illicit trafficking in Firearms: Uruguay, Paraguay, Argentina and Chile.New York, NY:Fundación Arias para la Paz y el Progreso Humano (ARIAS) y el Centro de Estudios Judiciales,4 October. (Q11413)Full Citation

17.

Karp, Aaron.2012.‘Chilean Civilian Firearms Registration Reports.’ Measurement and Use of Statistical Data to Analyze Small Arms in the Caribbean and Latin America.Mexico City:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the Center of Excellence, National Institute of Statistics and Geography (INEGI),28 April. (Q8976)Full Citation

18.

Espinosa Quirós, Ana Yancy and ARIAS.2010.‘Chile Basic Diagnostic (Diagnóstico Básico de Chile).’ Chile Basic Diagnostic (Diagnóstico Básico de Chile).Santiago de Chile:Coalición Latinoamericana para la Prevención de la Violencia Armada (CLAVE),4 July. (Q11901)Full Citation

19.

OAS Hemispheric Citizen Security Observatory.2012.‘Legally Registered Civilian Firearms.’ Report on Citizen Security in the Americas 2012.Washington, DC:Organisation of American States,1 July. (Q9208)Full Citation

20.

GunPolicy.org. 2016. ‘Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms.’ Definition and Selection Criteria.
Sydney School of Public Health, 12 December.
(G14) Full Citation

21.

Karp, Aaron.2012.‘Country Analyses: Chile.’ Measurement and Use of Statistical Data to Analyze Small Arms in the Caribbean and Latin America.Mexico City:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the Center of Excellence, National Institute of Statistics and Geography (INEGI),28 April. (Q11606)Full Citation

22.

Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Military Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Military-Owned Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13436)Full Citation

23.

Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Law Enforcement Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Law Enforcement Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13435)Full Citation

24.

WHO.2016.‘Inter-country Comparison of Mortality for Selected Causes of Death.’ WHO Mortality Data Base.Geneva:World Health Organisation,1 December. (Q13354)Full Citation

25.

Waiselfiz, Julio Jacobo.2015.‘Number and Rate of Gun Deaths in 90 Countries (Número e taxas de mortalidade por AF segundo causa básica em 90 países do mundo).’ Violence Map: Deaths by Firearms (Mapa da Violência: Mortes Matadas por Armas de Fogo).Brasilia:Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales / Latin American Social Sciences Institute,1 January. (Q11896)Full Citation

26.

Fleitas, Diego Manuel, Germán Lodola and Hernán Flom.2014.‘Country Profiles on Crime and Violence: Chile.’ Crime and Violence in Latin America and the Caribbean: Regional Country Profiles.Buenos Aires:Asociación para Políticas Públicas (APP) and Action on Armed Violence,1 January. (Q11443)Full Citation

27.

UNODC.2005.‘Recorded Homicide and Firearm Homicide in 53 Countries, Completed or Attempted.’ Eighth United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (2001-2002).Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,15 April. (Q1077)Full Citation

28.

Jackson, Thomas.2005.‘Global Gun Deaths.’ NISAT Firearm Mortality Database 2005.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,1 January. (Q12)Full Citation

29.

Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation.2018.‘GBD Results Tool.’ Global Health Data Exchange.Seattle WA:University of Washington,8 August. (Q13503)Full Citation

30.

Igarapé Institute.2015.‘Homicides and Homicide Rates 2000 to 2014 - Chile.’ Homicide Monitor 2015.Rio de Janeiro:Igarapé Institute,24 June. (Q11101)Full Citation

31.

UNODC.2014.‘Homicides and Gun Homicides in Chile.’ Global Study on Homicide 2013: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC),10 April. (Q10183)Full Citation

32.

UNODC.2013.‘Homicide in 207 Countries - Chile.’ Global Study on Homicide 2011: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,26 June. (Q6331)Full Citation

33.

OAS Hemispheric Citizen Security Observatory.2012.‘Intentional Homicide 2000-2011.’ Report on Citizen Security in the Americas 2012.Washington, DC:Organisation of American States,1 July. (Q9209)Full Citation

34.

OAS Observatory on Citizen Security.2011.‘Intentional Homicide.’ Report on Citizen Security in the Americas 2011.Washington, DC:Organisation of American States,1 January. (Q5678)Full Citation

35.

Petrini, Benjamin.2011.‘Latin America and the Caribbean, 1995-2008, Total Recorded Intentional Homicide, Completed, Rate per 100,000 Population.’ World Bank Homicide Rate Dataset 1995-2008.Washington, DC:Social Development Department, World Bank,10 February. (Q3817)Full Citation

36.

UNODC.2004.‘Recorded Intentional Homicide, Completed.’ Seventh United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (1998-2000).Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,19 March. (Q91)Full Citation

37.

OAS Hemispheric Citizen Security Observatory.2012.‘Suicide 2000-2009.’ Report on Citizen Security in the Americas 2012.Washington, DC:Organisation of American States,1 July. (Q9206)Full Citation

38.

OAS Observatory on Citizen Security.2011.‘Suicide.’ Report on Citizen Security in the Americas 2011.Washington, DC:Organisation of American States,1 January. (Q5680)Full Citation

39.

Chile.2005.‘Authorisations (Autorizaciones).’ Act No. 17.798 on Firearms Control, as Amended (Ley No. 17.798 sobre Control de Armas).Santiago:Ministry of National Defence,13 May. (Q10186)Full Citation

40.

Chile.2007.‘Requirements for Dealers (Requerimientos para Comerciantes).’ Complementary Regulation of Act No. 17.798, on the Control of Firearms and Related Materials (Reglamento Complementario de la Ley 17.798, sobre Control de Armas y Elementos Similares).Santiago:Ministry of National Defence,22 February. (Q10217)Full Citation

41.

Chile.2014.‘Manufacture.’ National Report of Chile on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA) and the International Tracing Instrument (ITI)).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Chile to the United Nations,1 January. (Q9191)Full Citation

42.

Chile.2014.‘Marking at Manufacture.’ National Report of Chile on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA) and the International Tracing Instrument (ITI).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Chile to the United Nations,1 January. (Q9192)Full Citation

43.

Stohl, Rachel and Doug Tuttle.2014.‘The Small Arms Trade in Latin America [Industry and Exports].’ North American Congress on Latin America, Reporting on the Americas.New York NY:North American Congress on Latin America (NACLA),13 October. (Q11850)Full Citation

44.

Small Arms Survey.2001.‘Ranking of World's Small Arms Producers (By Sales).’ Small Arms Survey 2001: Profiling the Problem.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q103)Full Citation

45.

Stohl, Rachel and Doug Tuttle.2014.‘The Small Arms Trade in Latin America [Domestic and Craft Production].’ North American Congress on Latin America, Reporting on the Americas.New York NY:North American Congress on Latin America (NACLA),13 October. (Q11852)Full Citation

46.

Chile.2007.‘Export of Elements Subject to Control (Exportación de Elementos Sometidos a Control).’ Complementary Regulation of Act No. 17.798, on the Control of Firearms and Related Materials (Reglamento Complementario de la Ley 17.798, sobre Control de Armas y Elementos Similares).Santiago:Ministry of National Defence,22 February. (Q10368)Full Citation

47.

Chile.2007.‘Permit for Foreign Trade (Permisos para Comercio Exterior).’ Complementary Regulation of Act No. 17.798, on the Control of Firearms and Related Materials (Reglamento Complementario de la Ley 17.798, sobre Control de Armas y Elementos Similares).Santiago:Ministry of National Defence,22 February. (Q10222)Full Citation

48.

Iootty de Paiva Dias, Carolina.2003.‘What is the Legislation on Imports, Exports and Transit Operations in Chile?.’ National Legislations on Firearm Control in Mercosur.Rio de Janeiro:Viva Rio,1 June. (Q11638)Full Citation

49.

Chile.2014.‘International Transfers.’ National Report of Chile on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA) and the International Tracing Instrument (ITI).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Chile to the United Nations,1 January. (Q9194)Full Citation

50.

Chile.2014.‘International Transfers - Licensing and Authorisation.’ National Report of Chile on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA) and the International Tracing Instrument (ITI).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Chile to the United Nations,1 January. (Q9195)Full Citation

51.

Chile.2014.‘International Transfers - Record-Keeping.’ National Report of Chile on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA) and the International Tracing Instrument (ITI).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Chile to the United Nations,1 January. (Q9197)Full Citation

52.

IANSA.2006.‘Reviewing Action on Small Arms 2006: Assessing the first five years of the UN Programme of Action.’ Biting the Bullet 'Red Book' 2006.New York, NY:International Action Network on Small Arms and the Biting the Bullet project,26 June. (Q82)Full Citation

53.

Marsh, Nicholas.2014.‘Database of Authorised Transfers of Small Arms and Light Weapons.’ NISAT Small Arms Trade Database.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,22 December. (Q16)Full Citation

54.

Small Arms Survey.2001.‘60 Known Legal Small Arms Exporting Countries, 2001.’ Small Arms Survey 2001: Profiling the Problem.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q867)Full Citation

55.

Chile.2007.‘Import of Products Subject to Control (Importación de Elementos Sometidos a Control).’ Complementary Regulation of Act No. 17.798, on the Control of Firearms and Related Materials (Reglamento Complementario de la Ley 17.798, sobre Control de Armas y Elementos Similares).Santiago:Ministry of National Defence,22 February. (Q10223)Full Citation

56.

Chile.2014.‘Marking at Import.’ National Report of Chile on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA) and the International Tracing Instrument (ITI).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Chile to the United Nations,1 January. (Q9196)Full Citation

57.

Holtom, Paul and Christelle Rigual.2015.‘Importers of Small Arms Based on UN Comtrade, 2012.’ Small Arms Survey 2015: Weapons and the World.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 June. (Q11070)Full Citation

58.

Rigual, Christelle.2015.‘Annexe 4.2: Major Importers.’ Small Arms Survey 2015: Weapons and the World.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 June. (Q11078)Full Citation

59.

Holtom, Paul, Irene Pavesi and Christelle Rigual.2014.‘Importers of Small Arms Based on UN Comtrade, 2011.’ Small Arms Survey 2014: Women and Guns.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,16 June. (Q11041)Full Citation

60.

Pavesi, Irene and Christelle Rigual.2013.‘Annexes 8.2: Major Importers.’ Small Arms Survey 2013: Everyday Dangers.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,2 July. (Q8486)Full Citation

61.

Chile.2014.‘Brokering.’ National Report of Chile on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA) and the International Tracing Instrument (ITI).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Chile to the United Nations,1 January. (Q9198)Full Citation

62.

Newton, George D and Franklin E Zimring.1969.‘Firearm Licensing: Permissive v Restrictive.’ Firearms & Violence in American Life: A staff report submitted to the National Commission on the Causes and Prevention of Violence.Washington, DC:US Government Printing Office,1 January. (Q22)Full Citation

63.

Chile.2005.‘Authority and Scope.’ Act No. 17.798 on Firearms Control, as Amended (Ley No. 17.798 sobre Control de Armas).Santiago:Ministry of National Defence,13 May. (Q10184)Full Citation

64.

Chile.2015.‘Introduction (Introducción).’ Act No. 20.813 of 2015, Modifying Act 17.798 on Firearms Control and the Criminal Procedure Code .Santiago:Ministry of the Interior and Public Security,6 February. (Q10198)Full Citation

65.

Chile.2007.‘Object and Arms Subject to Control (Objeto y Armas Sometidas a Control).’ Complementary Regulation of Act No. 17.798, on the Control of Firearms and Related Materials (Reglamento Complementario de la Ley 17.798, sobre Control de Armas y Elementos Similares).Santiago:Ministry of National Defence,22 February. (Q10211)Full Citation

66.

Chile.2015.‘Provisions on Quantities and Security Measures for Firearm Storage (Disposiciones Sobre Cantidades y Requisitos de Seguridad para Custodia de Armas).’ Resolution No. 004162 (Resolución Exenta No. 004162).Santiago:Ministry of Defence,7 December. (Q11779)Full Citation

67.

UNGA.1969.‘Reciprocal Recognition of Proof Marks.’ Convention for the Reciprocal Recognition of Proof Marks on Small Arms of July 1, 1969.Brussels:United Nations General Assembly,1 July. (Q5999)Full Citation

68.

Chile.2015.‘Article 1: Powers of the Ministry of the Interior (Facultades del Ministerio de Interior).’ Act No. 20.813 of 2015, Modifying Act 17.798 on Firearms Control and the Criminal Procedure Code .Santiago:Ministry of the Interior and Public Security,6 February. (Q10199)Full Citation

69.

Chile.2015.‘Article 2: War Materials (Material de Uso Bélico).’ Act No. 20.813 of 2015, Modifying Act 17.798 on Firearms Control and the Criminal Procedure Code .Santiago:Ministry of the Interior and Public Security,6 February. (Q10200)Full Citation

70.

Chile.2007.‘Control Authorities (Autoridades Fiscalizadoras).’ Complementary Regulation of Act No. 17.798, on the Control of Firearms and Related Materials (Reglamento Complementario de la Ley 17.798, sobre Control de Armas y Elementos Similares).Santiago:Ministry of National Defence,22 February. (Q10213)Full Citation

71.

Sherman, Amy and Tom Ginsburg.2014.‘Gun Rights in National Constitutions.’ Marco Rubio Says Second Amendment Is Unique in Speech to NRA.Miami, FL:Miami Herald (PolitiFact Florida),29 April. (Q8507)Full Citation

72.

Zachary Elkins, Tom Ginsburg and James Melton. 2013. ‘U.S. Gun Rights Truly Are American Exceptionalism.’ Bloomberg (USA). 7 March. (N422) Full Citation

73.

Chile.2005.‘Prohibited Firearms (Armas Prohibidas).’ Act No. 17.798 on Firearms Control, as Amended (Ley No. 17.798 sobre Control de Armas).Santiago:Ministry of National Defence,13 May. (Q10185)Full Citation

74.

Chile.2015.‘Article 3: Alteration and Modification of Serial Numbers (Alteración y Modificación de Números de Serie).’ Act No. 20.813 of 2015, Modifying Act 17.798 on Firearms Control and the Criminal Procedure Code .Santiago:Ministry of the Interior and Public Security,6 February. (Q10201)Full Citation

75.

Chile.2007.‘Prohibited Firearms (Armas Prohibidas).’ Complementary Regulation of Act No. 17.798, on the Control of Firearms and Related Materials (Reglamento Complementario de la Ley 17.798, sobre Control de Armas y Elementos Similares).Santiago:Ministry of National Defence,22 February. (Q10212)Full Citation

76.

Chile.2007.‘Firearm Classification (Clasificación de las Armas).’ Complementary Regulation of Act No. 17.798, on the Control of Firearms and Related Materials (Reglamento Complementario de la Ley 17.798, sobre Control de Armas y Elementos Similares).Santiago:Ministry of National Defence,22 February. (Q10225)Full Citation

77.

Chile.2007.‘Authorisations for Weapons of War (Autorizaciones Materiales de Uso Bélico).’ Complementary Regulation of Act No. 17.798, on the Control of Firearms and Related Materials (Reglamento Complementario de la Ley 17.798, sobre Control de Armas y Elementos Similares).Santiago:Ministry of National Defence,22 February. (Q10226)Full Citation

78.

Ryan Johnson. 2013. ‘Chilean Bank Heist Fails, Despite Machine Gun and Grenade.’ Santiago Times. 20 June. (N300) Full Citation

79.

Chile.2007.‘Firearm Definitions (Definición de las Armas de Fuego).’ Complementary Regulation of Act No. 17.798, on the Control of Firearms and Related Materials (Reglamento Complementario de la Ley 17.798, sobre Control de Armas y Elementos Similares).Santiago:Ministry of National Defence,22 February. (Q10224)Full Citation

80.

Chile.2005.‘Firearm Registration (Inscripciones de Armas).’ Act No. 17.798 on Firearms Control, as Amended (Ley No. 17.798 sobre Control de Armas).Santiago:Ministry of National Defence,13 May. (Q10187)Full Citation

81.

Chile.2005.‘Authorities (Autoridades).’ Act No. 17.798 on Firearms Control, as Amended (Ley No. 17.798 sobre Control de Armas).Santiago:Ministry of National Defence,13 May. (Q10190)Full Citation

82.

Chile.2007.‘Rights (Derechos).’ Complementary Regulation of Act No. 17.798, on the Control of Firearms and Related Materials (Reglamento Complementario de la Ley 17.798, sobre Control de Armas y Elementos Similares).Santiago:Ministry of National Defence,22 February. (Q10214)Full Citation

83.

Chile.2007.‘Permitted Activities (Actividades Permitidas).’ Complementary Regulation of Act No. 17.798, on the Control of Firearms and Related Materials (Reglamento Complementario de la Ley 17.798, sobre Control de Armas y Elementos Similares).Santiago:Ministry of National Defence,22 February. (Q10215)Full Citation

84.

Chile.2007.‘Private Security Companies (Impresas Vigilantes Privados).’ Complementary Regulation of Act No. 17.798, on the Control of Firearms and Related Materials (Reglamento Complementario de la Ley 17.798, sobre Control de Armas y Elementos Similares).Santiago:Ministry of National Defence,22 February. (Q10227)Full Citation

85.

Chile.2007.‘Requirements for Firearm Registration (Requisitos para Inscripciones de Armas).’ Complementary Regulation of Act No. 17.798, on the Control of Firearms and Related Materials (Reglamento Complementario de la Ley 17.798, sobre Control de Armas y Elementos Similares).Santiago:Ministry of National Defence,22 February. (Q10229)Full Citation

86.

Chile.2005.‘Prohibited Places (Lugares Prohibidos).’ Act No. 17.798 on Firearms Control, as Amended (Ley No. 17.798 sobre Control de Armas).Santiago:Ministry of National Defence,13 May. (Q10189)Full Citation

87.

Chile.2007.‘Authorisation for the Possession of More than Two Firearms (Autorización para Tenencia de Mas de Dos Armas).’ Complementary Regulation of Act No. 17.798, on the Control of Firearms and Related Materials (Reglamento Complementario de la Ley 17.798, sobre Control de Armas y Elementos Similares).Santiago:Ministry of National Defence,22 February. (Q10427)Full Citation

88.

Chile.2007.‘Request - Carrying of Firearms for Personal Defence (Solicitud - Porte de Arma de Defensa Personal).’ Complementary Regulation of Act No. 17.798, on the Control of Firearms and Related Materials (Reglamento Complementario de la Ley 17.798, sobre Control de Armas y Elementos Similares).Santiago:Ministry of National Defence,22 February. (Q10433)Full Citation

89.

Chile.2005.‘Requirements for Firearm Registration (Requisitos para Inscripción de Armas).’ Act No. 17.798 on Firearms Control, as Amended (Ley No. 17.798 sobre Control de Armas).Santiago:Ministry of National Defence,13 May. (Q10188)Full Citation

90.

Chile.2015.‘Article 5A: Accreditation (Acreditación).’ Act No. 20.813 of 2015, Modifying Act 17.798 on Firearms Control and the Criminal Procedure Code .Santiago:Ministry of the Interior and Public Security,6 February. (Q10203)Full Citation

91.

Chile.2005.‘Authority and Scope.’ Act No. 17.798 on Firearms Control, as Amended (Ley No. 17.798 sobre Control de Armas).Santiago:Ministry of National Defence,13 May. (Q12038)Full Citation

92.

Chile.2016.‘Firearms Register and Firearm Safety Training.’ Firearms and Explosives - Frequently Asked Questions (Armas y Explosivos - Preguntas Frecuentes).Santiago:Dirección General de Movilización Nacional / General Directorate of National Mobilisation,28 March. (Q11703)Full Citation

93.

Chile.2007.‘Registration Re-qualification (Acreditación de Requisitos).’ Complementary Regulation of Act No. 17.798, on the Control of Firearms and Related Materials (Reglamento Complementario de la Ley 17.798, sobre Control de Armas y Elementos Similares).Santiago:Ministry of National Defence,22 February. (Q10423)Full Citation

94.

Chile.2007.‘Limits of Registered Firearms (Limites de Armas Registradas).’ Complementary Regulation of Act No. 17.798, on the Control of Firearms and Related Materials (Reglamento Complementario de la Ley 17.798, sobre Control de Armas y Elementos Similares).Santiago:Ministry of National Defence,22 February. (Q10424)Full Citation

95.

Chile.2007.‘Registers for More than Two Firearms (Registros para Más de Dos Armas).’ Complementary Regulation of Act No. 17.798, on the Control of Firearms and Related Materials (Reglamento Complementario de la Ley 17.798, sobre Control de Armas y Elementos Similares).Santiago:Ministry of National Defence,22 February. (Q10425)Full Citation

96.

Chile.2007.‘Permitted Quantities of Ammunition (Cantidades de Municiones Permitidas).’ Complementary Regulation of Act No. 17.798, on the Control of Firearms and Related Materials (Reglamento Complementario de la Ley 17.798, sobre Control de Armas y Elementos Similares).Santiago:Ministry of National Defence,22 February. (Q10439)Full Citation

97.

Chile.2015.‘Article 5: National Firearm Register (Registro Nacional de Armas).’ Act No. 20.813 of 2015, Modifying Act 17.798 on Firearms Control and the Criminal Procedure Code .Santiago:Ministry of the Interior and Public Security,6 February. (Q10207)Full Citation

98.

Chile.2007.‘Authorisation for Sale and Registration (Solicitud de Autorización de Compra e Inscripción).’ Complementary Regulation of Act No. 17.798, on the Control of Firearms and Related Materials (Reglamento Complementario de la Ley 17.798, sobre Control de Armas y Elementos Similares).Santiago:Ministry of National Defence,22 February. (Q10220)Full Citation

99.

Chile.2007.‘Requirements for Individuals - Sales Authorisation (Requisitos para Personas Naturales - Autorización de Compra).’ Complementary Regulation of Act No. 17.798, on the Control of Firearms and Related Materials (Reglamento Complementario de la Ley 17.798, sobre Control de Armas y Elementos Similares).Santiago:Ministry of National Defence,22 February. (Q10221)Full Citation

100.

Chile.2007.‘Firearm Registration (Inscripciones Armas de Fuego).’ Complementary Regulation of Act No. 17.798, on the Control of Firearms and Related Materials (Reglamento Complementario de la Ley 17.798, sobre Control de Armas y Elementos Similares).Santiago:Ministry of National Defence,22 February. (Q10228)Full Citation

101.

Chile.2008.‘Implementation of the International Tracing Instrument.’ National Report of Chile on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Chile to the United Nations,16 May. (Q4618)Full Citation

102.

Chile.2015.‘Article 4: Firearm Sales (Venta de Armas).’ Act No. 20.813 of 2015, Modifying Act 17.798 on Firearms Control and the Criminal Procedure Code .Santiago:Ministry of the Interior and Public Security,6 February. (Q10202)Full Citation

103.

Chile.2014.‘Record Keeping by Manufacturers.’ National Report of Chile on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA) and the International Tracing Instrument (ITI).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Chile to the United Nations,1 January. (Q9193)Full Citation

104.

Chile.2014.‘Stockpile Management.’ National Report of Chile on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA) and the International Tracing Instrument (ITI).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Chile to the United Nations,1 January. (Q9199)Full Citation

105.

Chile.2014.‘Marking and Record Keeping.’ National Report of Chile on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA) and the International Tracing Instrument (ITI).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Chile to the United Nations,1 January. (Q9204)Full Citation

106.

Chile.2007.‘Armouries (Depósitos).’ Complementary Regulation of Act No. 17.798, on the Control of Firearms and Related Materials (Reglamento Complementario de la Ley 17.798, sobre Control de Armas y Elementos Similares).Santiago:Ministry of National Defence,22 February. (Q10216)Full Citation

107.

Chile.2007.‘Permits for Internal Trade (Permisos de Comercio Interior).’ Complementary Regulation of Act No. 17.798, on the Control of Firearms and Related Materials (Reglamento Complementario de la Ley 17.798, sobre Control de Armas y Elementos Similares).Santiago:Ministry of National Defence,22 February. (Q10218)Full Citation

108.

Chile.2007.‘Sales Authorisation (Autorización de Compra).’ Complementary Regulation of Act No. 17.798, on the Control of Firearms and Related Materials (Reglamento Complementario de la Ley 17.798, sobre Control de Armas y Elementos Similares).Santiago:Ministry of National Defence,22 February. (Q10219)Full Citation

109.

Chile.2007.‘Firearm Transfer (Transferencia de Armas).’ Complementary Regulation of Act No. 17.798, on the Control of Firearms and Related Materials (Reglamento Complementario de la Ley 17.798, sobre Control de Armas y Elementos Similares).Santiago:Ministry of National Defence,22 February. (Q10426)Full Citation

110.

Chile.2015.‘Security Measures for Firearms Storage (Medidas de Seguridad para la Custodia de Armas de Fuego).’ Resolution No. 004162 (Resolución Exenta No. 004162).Santiago:Ministry of Defence,7 December. (Q11702)Full Citation

111.

Chile.2015.‘Article 5B: Approved Sites (Sitios Aprobados).’ Act No. 20.813 of 2015, Modifying Act 17.798 on Firearms Control and the Criminal Procedure Code .Santiago:Ministry of the Interior and Public Security,6 February. (Q10204)Full Citation

112.

Chile.2007.‘Storage Facilities for Firearms and Ammunition [Importers and Dealers] (Instalaciones para Almacenamiento de Armas y Municiones [Importadores y Comerciantes]).’ Complementary Regulation of Act No. 17.798, on the Control of Firearms and Related Materials (Reglamento Complementario de la Ley 17.798, sobre Control de Armas y Elementos Similares).Santiago:Ministry of National Defence,22 February. (Q10428)Full Citation

113.

Chile.2007.‘Maximum Allowed Quantities (Cantidades Máximas Permitidas).’ Complementary Regulation of Act No. 17.798, on the Control of Firearms and Related Materials (Reglamento Complementario de la Ley 17.798, sobre Control de Armas y Elementos Similares).Santiago:Ministry of National Defence,22 February. (Q10429)Full Citation

114.

Chile.2007.‘Permits for the Transport of Firearms for Sports or Hunting Purposes (Permisos de Transporte de armas para uso deportivo y de caza).’ Complementary Regulation of Act No. 17.798, on the Control of Firearms and Related Materials (Reglamento Complementario de la Ley 17.798, sobre Control de Armas y Elementos Similares).Santiago:Ministry of National Defence,22 February. (Q10434)Full Citation

115.

Chile.2007.‘Validity of the Permit - Transport of Firearms for Sports and Hunting Purposes (Duración de Permisos - Transporte de Arma para Uso Deportivo y Caza).’ Complementary Regulation of Act No. 17.798, on the Control of Firearms and Related Materials (Reglamento Complementario de la Ley 17.798, sobre Control de Armas y Elementos Similares).Santiago:Ministry of National Defence,22 February. (Q10435)Full Citation

116.

Chile.2007.‘Permits for Athletes and Hunters (Permisos para Deportistas y Cazadores).’ Complementary Regulation of Act No. 17.798, on the Control of Firearms and Related Materials (Reglamento Complementario de la Ley 17.798, sobre Control de Armas y Elementos Similares).Santiago:Ministry of National Defence,22 February. (Q10436)Full Citation

117.

Chile.2007.‘Free Transit Permit (Guía de Libre Tránsito).’ Complementary Regulation of Act No. 17.798, on the Control of Firearms and Related Materials (Reglamento Complementario de la Ley 17.798, sobre Control de Armas y Elementos Similares).Santiago:Ministry of National Defence,22 February. (Q10437)Full Citation

118.

Chile.2007.‘Requirements for Firearm Transport (Requisitos para el Transporte de Armas).’ Complementary Regulation of Act No. 17.798, on the Control of Firearms and Related Materials (Reglamento Complementario de la Ley 17.798, sobre Control de Armas y Elementos Similares).Santiago:Ministry of National Defence,22 February. (Q10438)Full Citation

119.

Chile.2006.‘Legislation, Regulation, Administrative Procedures (Legislación, Reglamentación, Procedimientos Administrativos).’ National Report of Chile on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Chile to the United Nations,1 January. (Q4617)Full Citation

120.

Chile.2014.‘International Tracing.’ National Report of Chile on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA) and the International Tracing Instrument (ITI).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Chile to the United Nations,1 January. (Q9205)Full Citation

121.

UNODA.2018.‘PoA-ISS Country Profiles.’ UN small arms Programme of Action (UNPoA) - Implementation Support System.New York, NY:United Nations Office of Disarmament Affairs,23 July. (Q1309)Full Citation

122.

Chile.2007.‘Carrying of Firearms for Personal Defence (Porte de Armas de "Defensa Personal").’ Complementary Regulation of Act No. 17.798, on the Control of Firearms and Related Materials (Reglamento Complementario de la Ley 17.798, sobre Control de Armas y Elementos Similares).Santiago:Ministry of National Defence,22 February. (Q10430)Full Citation

123.

Chile.2007.‘Permits - Carrying of Firearms for Personal Defence (Permisos - Porte de Arma de Defensa Personal).’ Complementary Regulation of Act No. 17.798, on the Control of Firearms and Related Materials (Reglamento Complementario de la Ley 17.798, sobre Control de Armas y Elementos Similares).Santiago:Ministry of National Defence,22 February. (Q10431)Full Citation

124.

Chile.2007.‘Control Authorities - Carrying of Firearms for Personal Defence (Autoridades Fiscalizadoras - Porte de Arma de Defensa Personal).’ Complementary Regulation of Act No. 17.798, on the Control of Firearms and Related Materials (Reglamento Complementario de la Ley 17.798, sobre Control de Armas y Elementos Similares).Santiago:Ministry of National Defence,22 February. (Q10432)Full Citation

125.

GunPolicy.org. 2015. ‘Penalty for Unlawful Firearm Possession.’ Definition and Selection Criteria.
Sydney School of Public Health, 22 January.
(G93) Full Citation

126.

Chile.2015.‘Articles 9 and 9B: Illegal Possession (Posesión Ilegal).’ Act No. 20.813 of 2015, Modifying Act 17.798 on Firearms Control and the Criminal Procedure Code .Santiago:Ministry of the Interior and Public Security,6 February. (Q10205)Full Citation

127.

Chile.2015.‘Article 10: Illegal Manufacture (Fabricación Ilegal).’ Act No. 20.813 of 2015, Modifying Act 17.798 on Firearms Control and the Criminal Procedure Code .Santiago:Ministry of the Interior and Public Security,6 February. (Q10206)Full Citation

128.

Chile.2015.‘Article 11: Illegal Transfer of Firearms Outside Authorised Sites (Traslado de Armas Afuera de Lugares Aprobados).’ Act No. 20.813 of 2015, Modifying Act 17.798 on Firearms Control and the Criminal Procedure Code .Santiago:Ministry of the Interior and Public Security,6 February. (Q10208)Full Citation

129.

Chile.2005.‘Crimes With More Than Two Firearms (Delitos con Mas de Dos Armas).’ Act No. 17.798 on Firearms Control, as Amended (Ley No. 17.798 sobre Control de Armas).Santiago:Ministry of National Defence,13 May. (Q10195)Full Citation

130.

Chile.2015.‘Article 12: Modification (Modificación).’ Act No. 20.813 of 2015, Modifying Act 17.798 on Firearms Control and the Criminal Procedure Code .Santiago:Ministry of the Interior and Public Security,6 February. (Q10209)Full Citation

131.

Chile.2005.‘Possession of Illegal Firearms (Posesion de Armas Ilegales).’ Act No. 17.798 on Firearms Control, as Amended (Ley No. 17.798 sobre Control de Armas).Santiago:Ministry of National Defence,13 May. (Q10196)Full Citation

132.

Chile.2005.‘Carrying of Illegal Firearms (Porte de Armas Ilegales).’ Act No. 17.798 on Firearms Control, as Amended (Ley No. 17.798 sobre Control de Armas).Santiago:Ministry of National Defence,13 May. (Q10197)Full Citation

133.

Chile.2015.‘Article 155 of the Criminal Procedure Code: Modifications (Modificaciones al Código Procesal Penal).’ Act No. 20.813 of 2015, Modifying Act 17.798 on Firearms Control and the Criminal Procedure Code .Santiago:Ministry of the Interior and Public Security,6 February. (Q10210)Full Citation

134.

Chile.2014.‘Small Arms and Light Weapons Collected.’ National Report of Chile on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA) and the International Tracing Instrument (ITI).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Chile to the United Nations,1 January. (Q9203)Full Citation

135.

Ergueta, Raúl.2010.‘Confiscated Firearms (Armas decomisadas).’ Plurinational Meeting: Transfer and Illicit trafficking in Firearms: Uruguay, Paraguay, Argentina and Chile.New York, NY:Fundación Arias para la Paz y el Progreso Humano (ARIAS) y el Centro de Estudios Judiciales,4 October. (Q11401)Full Citation

136.

Karp, Aaron, Nicholas Marsh and Giorgio Ravagli.2015.‘Number of Firearms Reported Seized by Police, 2010-2013.’ UNODC Study on Firearms 2015.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC),3 July. (Q10542)Full Citation

137.

Chile.2014.‘Small Arms and Light Weapons Seized and Destroyed.’ National Report of Chile on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA) and the International Tracing Instrument (ITI), 2014..New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Chile to the United Nations,1 January. (Q9202)Full Citation

138.

Chile.2015.‘Firearms Destruction 1990-2014 (Destrucción de Armas 1990-2014).’ Firearm Statistics, 2015 (Estadísticas de Armas, 2015).Santiago:Dirección General De Movilización Nacional (General Directorate of National Mobilisation),30 November. (Q11701)Full Citation

139.

Chile.2014.‘Firearms Destroyed 2014 (Armas Destruidas 2014).’ Destruction Report No. 35 by the War Materials Commission (Acta de Destrucción No. 35 de la Comisión de Material de Guerra).Santiago:Dirección General de Movilización Nacional / General Directorate of National Mobilisation,17 December. (Q11707)Full Citation

140.

Chile.2013.‘Firearms Destroyed 2013 (Armas Destruidas 2013).’ Destruction Report No. 34 by the War Materials Commission (Acta de Destrucción No. 34 de la Comisión de Material de Guerra).Santiago:Dirección General de Movilización Nacional / General Directorate of National Mobilisation,11 December. (Q11704)Full Citation

141.

Chile.2012.‘Firearms Destroyed 2012 (Armas Destruidas 2012).’ Destruction Report No. 32 by the War Materials Commission (Acta de Destrucción No. 32 de la Comisión de Material de Guerra).Santiago:Dirección General de Movilización Nacional / General Directorate of National Mobilisation,19 December. (Q11705)Full Citation

142.

Chile.2014.‘Small Arms and Light Weapons Destroyed.’ National Report of Chile on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA) and the International Tracing Instrument (ITI).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Chile to the United Nations,1 January. (Q9201)Full Citation

143.

Chile.2011.‘Firearms Destroyed 2011 (Armas Destruidas 2011).’ Destruction Report No. 31 by the War Materials Commission (Acta de Destrucción No. 31 de la Comisión de Material de Guerra).Santiago:Dirección General de Movilización Nacional / General Directorate of National Mobilisation,6 December. (Q11706)Full Citation

144.

Chile.2010.‘Small Arms Destroyed (Armas pequeñas destruidas).’ Plurinational Meeting: Transfer and Illicit trafficking in Firearms: Uruguay, Paraguay, Argentina and Chile.New York, NY:Fundación Arias para la Paz y el Progreso Humano (ARIAS) y el Centro de Estudios Judiciales,4 October. (Q11420)Full Citation

145.

Chile.2014.‘Surplus.’ National Report of Chile on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA) and the International Tracing Instrument (ITI).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Chile to the United Nations,1 January. (Q9200)Full Citation

146.

OAS / UNODA.1997.‘Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Explosives, Ammunition and Other Related Materials / CIFTA.’ United Nations Programme of Action Implementation Support System: Regional Organisations.New York, NY:Organization of American States / United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,14 November. (Q3244)Full Citation

147.

OAS.1997.‘Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Explosives, Ammunition and Other Related Materials (CIFTA): Signatures and Ratifications.’ Organization of American States, Department of International Law.Washington, DC:Organization of American States,14 November. (Q3262)Full Citation

148.

GDAV.2006.‘Geneva Declaration.’ Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development.Geneva:Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development Secretariat,7 June. (Q7162)Full Citation

149.

UNODA.2013.‘Towards Entry Into Force.’ Arms Trade Treaty.New York, NY:United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,2 April. (Q7226)Full Citation

150.

UNGA.2001.‘United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition.’ UN General Assembly Resolution 55/255.New York, NY:UN General Assembly,31 May. (Q17)Full Citation

151.

UNGA.2001.‘Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects.’ United Nations General Assembly.New York, NY:UN General Assembly,20 July. (Q18)Full Citation

152.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘Findings - Table 3: Reporting States by Rank and Score.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 August. (Q8752)Full Citation

153.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘What do the PoAIM Scores Represent? How Should the PoAIM Scores Be Interpreted?.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 August. (Q8753)Full Citation

154.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘Point Allocation System.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 August. (Q8754)Full Citation

155.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘Introduction.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 August. (Q8755)Full Citation

156.

Cattaneo, Silvia and Sarah Parker.2008.‘Reporting, NPCs and NCAs, 2002 to 2008.’ Implementing the United Nations Programme of Action on Small Arms and Light Weapons: Analysis of the National Reports submitted by States from 2002 to 2008.Geneva:United Nations Development Programme,1 November. (Q20)Full Citation

157.

IANSA.2006.‘Reviewing Action on Small Arms 2006: Assessing the first five years of the UN Programme of Action.’ Biting the Bullet 'Red Book' 2006.New York, NY:International Action Network on Small Arms and the Biting the Bullet project,26 June. (Q166)Full Citation

158.

UNODA.2011.‘National Reports on Small Arms Exports.’ United Nations Register of Conventional Arms - The Global Reported Arms Trade.New York, NY:United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,21 October. (Q14)Full Citation

159.

UN.2013.‘Member States of the United Nations.’ UN.org Web Site.New York, NY:United Nations General Assembly,7 April. (Q290)Full Citation

160.

Wassenaar Arrangement.1996.‘Introduction: Participating States.’ Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies.Vienna:Wassenaar Secretariat,12 July. (Q19)Full Citation