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Cambodia — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Cambodia is 273,0001 to 600,0002

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Cambodia is 4.32

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Cambodia ranked at No. 733

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Cambodia ranked at No. 1092

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Cambodia are reported to have 187,9121 to 190,0004 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Cambodia are reported to have 93,8005 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Cambodia, annual homicides by any means total

2012: 9646
2011: 2687
2005: 4488
2004: 511
2003: 509
2002: 425
2001: 407
2000: 571
1999: 581
1998: 793
1997: 793
1996: 542
1995: 397

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Cambodia, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2012: 6.56
2011: 1.97
2008: 21.58
2005: 3.48 9
2004: 3.9
2003: 3.9
2002: 3.3
2001: 3.28
2000: 4.68 9
1999: 4.88
1998: 6.6
1997: 6.8
1996: 4.7
1995: 3.6

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Cambodia, annual firearm homicides total

2003: 1878
2002: 140
2001: 150
2000: 248
1999: 277
1998: 463

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Cambodia, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2003: 1.48
2002: 1.1
2001: 1.2
2000: 2.0
1999: 2.3
1998: 3.9

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Cambodia, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2011: 14%7
2003: 36.7%8
2002: 32.9%
2001: 36.9%
2000: 43.4%
1999: 47.7%
1998: 58.4%

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Cambodia, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted, only if approved by the Royal Government10

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Cambodia, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law10

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Cambodia is reported by Customs to be US$679,13511 (2011)

Firearm Imports

In Cambodia, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law10

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Cambodia is reported by Customs to be US$32,084,36411 (2011)12

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Cambodia is high13

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Cambodia, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are not specifically regulated by law14

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Cambodia do not include14 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Cambodia is categorised as restrictive15

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Cambodia includes the Law on Management of Weapons, Explosives and Ammunition, 200516 17

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Cambodia are regulated by the Ministry of National Defence, and the Ministry of Interior18 19

Right to Possess Firearms

In Cambodia, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law20 21 22

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Cambodia, civilians are not allowed to possess any firearms since 199923 22 24

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Cambodia, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited23 22 24 7

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Cambodia, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is prohibited23 22 24

Regulation of Handguns

In Cambodia, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is prohibited23 22 24 7

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Cambodia, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law23 22 24 7

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Cambodia, no civilians22 24 25 7 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Firearm Registration

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Cambodia, State agencies are required26 27 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Cambodia, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited22

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Cambodia, dealing in firearms by way of business is unlawful22

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Cambodia include26 28 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Cambodia include29 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Cambodia, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is not required by law27

Firearm Tracing

In Cambodia, state authorities carry out30 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Cambodia, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are not14 recorded in a register

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Cambodia, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is prohibited22 7

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Cambodia, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is prohibited22 7

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Cambodia, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm31 is two years in prison and a fine up to 2,000,000 Riel32

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in Cambodia are known to have33 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Small Arms Destroyed

In Cambodia, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

1996/2006: 207,99933 34

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Cambodia, it is state policy35 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was not signed36 by Cambodia.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has been signed, but not yet ratified37 by Cambodia

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified38 by Cambodia

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Cambodia committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects39

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Cambodia against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 11140 41 42 43 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Cambodia has submitted one or more national reports44 45 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Cambodia, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated46 45

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Cambodia, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated46 45

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Cambodia submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent45

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated45 by Cambodia to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided45 to Cambodia by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Cambodia has not declared47 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Cambodia has been a Member State of the United Nations since 195548

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list49 Cambodia as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Cambodia, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Cambodia ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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