Find Gun Policy Facts

Armed violence prevention, gun control laws and the small arms trade:

Brunei — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Brunei is

2017: 6,0001
2007: 5,4002

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Brunei is

2017: 1.41
2007: 1.42

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Brunei ranked at No. 1743

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Brunei ranked at No. 1372

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Brunei are reported to have 20,2204 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Brunei are reported to have 4,0005 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Brunei, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 06
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Brunei, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 06
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Brunei, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 06
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Brunei, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 06
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Brunei, annual homicides by any means total

2014: 16
2013: 0
2012: 4
2011: 1
2010: 1
2006: 27
2005: 08
2004: 59
2003: 2

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Brunei, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2014: 06
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0.25
2006: 0.57
2005: 0.008 7
2004: 1.439 7
2003: 0.56
2000: 1.27
1999: 1.3
1998: 1.3
1997: 2.6
1996: 3.0

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Brunei, annual male homicides by any means total

2014: 06
2013: 0
2012: 3
2011: 1
2010: 110

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Brunei, annual female homicides by any means total

2014: 16
2013: 0
2012: 1
2011: 0
2010: 010

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Brunei, annual firearm homicides total

2014: 06
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2006: 07
2005: 0

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Brunei, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 06
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2006: 0.007
2005: 0.00

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Brunei, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2006: 0%11
2005: 0%

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Brunei, annual male firearm homicides total

2015: 06
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Brunei, annual female firearm homicides total

2015: 06
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Brunei, annual suicides by any means total

2014: 56
2013: 4
2012: 8
2011: 5

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Brunei, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2014: 1.186
2013: 0.96
2012: 1.96
2011: 1.24

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Brunei, annual male suicides by any means total

2014: 36
2013: 2
2012: 8
2011: 5

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Brunei, annual female suicides by any means total

2014: 26
2013: 2
2012: 0
2011: 0

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Brunei, annual firearm suicides total

2014: 06
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Brunei, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 06
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Brunei, annual male firearm suicides total

2014: 06
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Brunei, annual female firearm suicides total

2014: 06
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Brunei, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2014: 06
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Brunei, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2014: 06
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Brunei, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2014: 06
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Brunei, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2014: 06
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Brunei, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 06
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Brunei, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 06
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Brunei, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 06
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Brunei, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence, but is not conducted in practice12 13

Home-made Guns

In Brunei, the prevalence of illicit craft, or 'home-made' firearm manufacture is reported to be low14

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Brunei, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law15 16 17

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Brunei is reported by Customs to be US$018 (2011)

Firearm Imports

In Brunei, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law15 19 17

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Brunei is reported by Customs to be US$1,758,07518 (2011)

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Brunei is low13

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Brunei is categorised as restrictive20

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Brunei includes the Arms and Explosives Act21 and the Arms and Explosives Rules22

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Brunei are regulated by the Sultan of Brunei,15 the Prime Minister23 and the Commissioner of Police24

Right to Possess Firearms

In Brunei, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law25 26 15

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

Law Regulates Automatic Weapons

In Brunei, civilian possession of automatic weapons is regulated by law27

Law Regulates Handguns

In Brunei, civilian possession of handguns is regulated by law27

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Brunei, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law27

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Brunei, only licensed gun owners23 27 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Brunei are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example target shooting, collection (for military personnel only)28

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Brunei must pass a background check which considers undefined27 records

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Brunei, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful12

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Brunei do not include13 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Brunei do not include13 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Brunei, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law27

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Brunei, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm29 is five to 15 years in prison and three to 12 strokes of the whip30 31

MeasuresInternational Controls

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 200832 by Brunei.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has not been signed33 by Brunei

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has not been signed34 by Brunei

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Brunei committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects35

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Brunei has yet to submit a national report36 37 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Brunei, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated37

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Brunei, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has not been designated37

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Brunei submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was not apparent37

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated37 by Brunei to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Brunei has not declared38 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Brunei has been a Member State of the United Nations since 198439

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list40 Brunei as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Brunei, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University


Short References

1.

Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Civilian Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Civilian-Held Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13434)Full Citation

2.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms - Annexe online.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q5)Full Citation

3.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q4)Full Citation

4.

Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Military Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Military-Owned Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13436)Full Citation

5.

Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Law Enforcement Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Law Enforcement Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13435)Full Citation

6.

WHO.2016.‘Inter-country Comparison of Mortality for Selected Causes of Death.’ WHO Mortality Data Base.Geneva:World Health Organisation,1 December. (Q13354)Full Citation

7.

UNODC.2013.‘Homicide in 207 Countries - Brunei.’ Global Study on Homicide 2011: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,26 June. (Q6317)Full Citation

8.

UNODC.2008.‘Recorded Intentional Homicide, Completed.’ Tenth United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (2005-2006).Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,10 December. (Q10)Full Citation

9.

UNODC.2006.‘Reported Overall Homicide Numbers and Rates per 100,000 Population for 64 Countries, 2003-04.’ Ninth United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (2003 - 2004).Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,10 December. (Q9)Full Citation

10.

UNODC.2017.‘Intentional Homicide Victims by Sex.’ Crime and Drugs Data.Vienna:UNODC,19 May. (Q13356)Full Citation

11.

UNODC.2014.‘Homicides and Gun Homicides in Brunei.’ Global Study on Homicide 2013: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC),10 April. (Q10263)Full Citation

12.

Brunei.1928.‘Licence to Manufacture etc. Guns and Arms.’ Arms and Explosives Act (Chapter 58) Arms and Explosives Rules, Revised Edition 2002.Brunei:Sultan of Brunei,26 November. (Q5115)Full Citation

13.

United Nations.1999.‘Analysis of Country Responses.’ United Nations International Study on Firearm Regulation.Vienna:UN Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Division,30 August. (Q1)Full Citation

14.

United Nations.1998.‘Illegal Manufacture Frequency.’ United Nations International Study on Firearm Regulation.Vienna:UN Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Division,1 August. (Q47)Full Citation

15.

Brunei.1927.‘Arms and Explosives Act - Power to Make Rules.’ Laws of Brunei, 1 of 1927 (Cap. 58 of 1951), 1984 Ed. Cap. 58. Amended by S 99/59, S 7/91, Revised Edition 2002.Brunei:Sultan of Brunei,8 April. (Q5091)Full Citation

16.

Brunei.1928.‘Exportation of Guns, Arms and Naval, Military and Air Force Stores.’ Arms and Explosives Act (Chapter 58) Arms and Explosives Rules, Revised Edition 2002.Brunei:Sultan of Brunei,26 November. (Q5113)Full Citation

17.

Brunei.1928.‘Licence to Land or Tranship Guns or Arms.’ Arms and Explosives Act (Chapter 58) Arms and Explosives Rules, Revised Edition 2002.Brunei:Sultan of Brunei,26 November. (Q5114)Full Citation

18.

Marsh, Nicholas.2014.‘Database of Authorised Transfers of Small Arms and Light Weapons.’ NISAT Small Arms Trade Database.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,22 December. (Q16)Full Citation

19.

Brunei.1928.‘Importation of Guns and Arms.’ Arms and Explosives Act (Chapter 58) Arms and Explosives Rules, Revised Edition 2002.Brunei:Sultan of Brunei,26 November. (Q5112)Full Citation

20.

Newton, George D and Franklin E Zimring.1969.‘Firearm Licensing: Permissive v Restrictive.’ Firearms & Violence in American Life: A staff report submitted to the National Commission on the Causes and Prevention of Violence.Washington, DC:US Government Printing Office,1 January. (Q22)Full Citation

21.

Brunei.1927.‘Arms and Explosives Act.’ Laws of Brunei, 1 of 1927 (Cap. 58 of 1951), 1984 Ed. Cap. 58. Amended by S 99/59, S 7/91, Revised Edition 2002.Brunei:Sultan of Brunei,8 April. (Q76)Full Citation

22.

Brunei.1928.‘Subsidiary Legislation.’ Arms and Explosives Act (Chapter 58) Arms and Explosives Rules, Revised Edition 2002.Brunei:Sultan of Brunei,26 November. (Q5110)Full Citation

23.

Brunei.1928.‘Firearms to be Licensed.’ Arms and Explosives Act (Chapter 58) Arms and Explosives Rules, Revised Edition 2002.Brunei:Sultan of Brunei,26 November. (Q5111)Full Citation

24.

Brunei.1928.‘Licensing Officer.’ Arms and Explosives Act (Chapter 58) Arms and Explosives Rules, Revised Edition 2002.Brunei:Sultan of Brunei,26 November. (Q5116)Full Citation

25.

Sherman, Amy and Tom Ginsburg.2014.‘Gun Rights in National Constitutions.’ Marco Rubio Says Second Amendment Is Unique in Speech to NRA.Miami, FL:Miami Herald (PolitiFact Florida),29 April. (Q8507)Full Citation

26.

Zachary Elkins, Tom Ginsburg and James Melton. 2013. ‘U.S. Gun Rights Truly Are American Exceptionalism.’ Bloomberg (USA). 7 March. (N422) Full Citation

27.

Butchart, Alexander, Christopher Mikton and Etienne Krug.2014.‘Country Profile: Brunei Darussalam.’ Global Status Report on Violence Prevention 2014.Geneva:World Health Organisation (WHO), United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and United Nations Development Programme (UNDP),10 December. (Q9710)Full Citation

28.

Kramer, Katherine.2001.‘General Preconditions for Licence Applications.’ Legal Controls on Small Arms and Light Weapons in South East Asia.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva and Nonviolence International South East Asia,1 July. (Q75)Full Citation

29.

GunPolicy.org. 2015. ‘Penalty for Unlawful Firearm Possession.’ Definition and Selection Criteria.
Sydney School of Public Health, 22 January.
(G93) Full Citation

30.

Brunei.2002.‘Arms and Explosives Act (Chapter 58): Arms and Explosives Rules.’ Laws of Brunei, B.R.O.N. 26.11.28 and Amendments - Subsidiary Legislation.Brunei:Sultan of Brunei,30 November. (Q77)Full Citation

31.

Brunei.1928.‘Penalty.’ Arms and Explosives Act (Chapter 58) Arms and Explosives Rules, Revised Edition 2002.Brunei:Sultan of Brunei,26 November. (Q5117)Full Citation

32.

GDAV.2006.‘Geneva Declaration.’ Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development.Geneva:Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development Secretariat,7 June. (Q7162)Full Citation

33.

UNODA.2013.‘Towards Entry Into Force.’ Arms Trade Treaty.New York, NY:United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,2 April. (Q7226)Full Citation

34.

UNGA.2001.‘United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition.’ UN General Assembly Resolution 55/255.New York, NY:UN General Assembly,31 May. (Q17)Full Citation

35.

UNGA.2001.‘Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects.’ United Nations General Assembly.New York, NY:UN General Assembly,20 July. (Q18)Full Citation

36.

Cattaneo, Silvia and Sarah Parker.2008.‘Reporting, NPCs and NCAs, 2002 to 2008.’ Implementing the United Nations Programme of Action on Small Arms and Light Weapons: Analysis of the National Reports submitted by States from 2002 to 2008.Geneva:United Nations Development Programme,1 November. (Q20)Full Citation

37.

UNODA.2015.‘PoA-ISS Country Profiles.’ UN small arms Programme of Action (UNPoA) - Implementation Support System.New York, NY:United Nations Office of Disarmament Affairs,11 September. (Q1309)Full Citation

38.

UNODA.2011.‘National Reports on Small Arms Exports.’ United Nations Register of Conventional Arms - The Global Reported Arms Trade.New York, NY:United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,21 October. (Q14)Full Citation

39.

UN.2013.‘Member States of the United Nations.’ UN.org Web Site.New York, NY:United Nations General Assembly,7 April. (Q290)Full Citation

40.

Wassenaar Arrangement.1996.‘Introduction: Participating States.’ Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies.Vienna:Wassenaar Secretariat,12 July. (Q19)Full Citation