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Brazil — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Brazil is 16,800,0001 2 3 4 5 to 17,600,0006 7 8

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) in Brazil is 8.61 2 to 8.999 firearms per 100 people

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Brazil ranked at No. 810

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Brazil ranked at No. 752

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

The number of licensed gun owners in Brazil is reported to be 1,300,00011

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

The rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Brazil is 0.769

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Brazil is reported to be

2010: 5,370,50012 13 14 15 8 3
2009: 7,312,22716
2006: 4,125,40213 14 7
2005: 5,370,50016 2 17 5
2003: 3,155,69114

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in Brazil is

2010: 2.749 15
2009: 3.779
2006: 2.19
2005: 2.89
2003: 1.74

Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Brazil there are estimated to be 3,800,00018 17 to 9,499,84719 5 3 4 7

Estimated Rate of Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Brazil there are estimated to be 4.859 illicit firearms per 100 people

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Brazil are reported to have 1,316,30020 4 21 22 17 23 7 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Brazil are reported to have 803,20024 22 25 26 4 7 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Brazil, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2012: 42,41627 5
2011: 38,74427
2010: 38,892
2009: 39,67727 28 29
2008: 38,65827
2007: 36,840
2006: 37,360
2005: 36,060
2004: 37,113
2003: 39,325
2002: 37,979
2001: 37,122
2000: 34,98527 30 31
1999: 31,19827
1998: 30,211
1997: 27,753
1996: 26,481
1995: 26,764
1994: 24,318
1993: 22,742
1992: 21,086
1991: 21,550
1990: 20,614
1989: 20,440
1988: 17,126
1987: 16,092
1986: 14,869
1985: 13,488
1984: 12,578
1983: 10,830
1982: 9,045
1981: 9,320
1980: 8,71027 5

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Brazil, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2012: 21.932 9
2011: 20.132
2010: 20.4
2009: 20.932 9
2008: 20.432 33
2007: 19.5
2006: 20.0
2005: 19.6
2004: 20.7
2003: 22.2
2002: 21.7
2001: 21.5
2000: 20.632 9 33
1999: 19.032 33
1998: 18.7
1997: 17.4
1996: 16.9
1995: 17.232
1994: 15.8
1993: 15.0
1992: 14.2
1991: 14.7
1990: 14.3
1989: 14.4
1988: 12.3
1987: 11.8
1986: 11.1
1985: 10.2
1984: 9.7
1983: 8.6
1982: 7.3
1981: 7.7
1980: 7.332 9

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Brazil, annual homicides by any means total

2014: 58,49734
2013: 53,64635
2012: 56,33736 37 38
2011: 52,19836 37 39
2010: 52,26036 40 37 39
2009: 51,43436 41 40 42 37 39
2008: 50,113
2007: 47,707
2006: 49,14536 41 40 42 39
2005: 47,578
2004: 48,374
2003: 51,043
2002: 49,695
2001: 47,943
2000: 45,36036 41 40 42 39 30
1999: 42,91441 39
1998: 41,950
1997: 40,507
1996: 38,894
1995: 41,59539

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Brazil, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2014: 28.834
2013: 25.235
2012: 29.036 37 38
2011: 27.136 37 39
2010: 27.436 40 37 39
2009: 27.036 40 42 37 39
2008: 26.4
2007: 25.2
2006: 26.336 40 42 39
2005: 25.8
2004: 27.0
2003: 28.9
2002: 28.5
2001: 27.8
2000: 26.7
1999: 24.989 39
1998: 24.78
1997: 24.28
1996: 23.66
1995: 25.739
1993: 19.0443

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Brazil, annual firearm homicides total

2012: 40,07727
2011: 36,737
2010: 36,79227 36 44 45
2009: 36,62427 44 46
2008: 35,67627 46 44 39
2007: 34,147
2006: 34,921
2005: 33,419
2004: 34,187
2003: 36,11527 46 44 45
2002: 34,16027 46 44 47
2001: 33,40127 46 44
2000: 30,86527 46 44 30
1999: 26,90227 41
1998: 25,674
1997: 24,445
1996: 22,976
1995: 22,30627
1994: 18,889
1993: 17,002
1992: 14,785
1991: 15,759
1990: 16,588
1989: 13,480
1988: 10,735
1987: 10,717
1986: 8,803
1985: 8,349
1984: 7,947
1983: 6,413
1982: 6,313
1981: 6,452
1980: 6,104

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Brazil, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2012: 20.732
2011: 19.1
2010: 19.332 9 44
2009: 19.332 44 46
2008: 18.832 46 44 42 39
2007: 18.0
2006: 18.7
2005: 18.132 46 44 39
2004: 19.1
2003: 20.432 46 44
2002: 19.632 46 44 47
2001: 19.432 46 44
2000: 18.232 46 44 9
1999: 16.432
1998: 15.9
1997: 15.3
1996: 14.6
1995: 14.3
1994: 12.3
1993: 11.232 48
1992: 9.932
1991: 10.7
1990: 11.5
1989: 9.5
1988: 7.7
1987: 7.8
1986: 6.6
1985: 6.3
1984: 6.2
1983: 5.1
1982: 5.1
1981: 5.3
1980: 5.1

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Brazil, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2012: 95.5%49
2010: 70%36
2009: 71.2%41 28 50
2008: 71.2%41 39
2007: 71.6%
2006: 71.1%
2005: 70.2%
2004: 70.7%
2003: 70.8%41
2002: 68.7%
2001: 69.7%
2000: 68.0%
1999: 62.7%
1998: 61.2%
1997: 60.3%
1996: 59.1%
1992: 70.1%49
1980: 70.1%

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Brazil, annual suicides by any means total

2009: 11,23751
2008: 11,134
2007: 10,647
2006: 10,34951 52
2005: 10,048
2004: 10,113
2003: 9,803
2002: 9,494
2001: 9,363
2000: 8,186
1998: 6,98531

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Brazil, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2009: 5.851
2008: 5.8
2007: 5.6
2006: 5.551 52
2005: 5.4
2004: 5.5
2003: 5.4
2002: 5.3
2001: 5.3
2000: 4.7
1998: 3.9131
1993: 3.4653

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Brazil, annual firearm suicides total

2012: 98927
2011: 916
2010: 969
2009: 1,06927 28
2008: 1,12327
2007: 1,141
2006: 1,138
2005: 1,226
2004: 1,247
2003: 1,330
2002: 1,366
2001: 1,408
2000: 1,33027 31
1999: 1,26027
1998: 1,407
1997: 1,539
1996: 1,543
1995: 1,555
1994: 1,321
1993: 1,169
1992: 1,085
1991: 1,037
1990: 989
1989: 850
1988: 827
1987: 951
1986: 788
1985: 781
1984: 766
1983: 789
1982: 657
1981: 731
1980: 660

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Brazil, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.532
2011: 0.5
2010: 0.5
2009: 0.632 9
2008: 0.632
2007: 0.6
2006: 0.6
2005: 0.7
2004: 0.7
2003: 0.8
2002: 0.8
2001: 0.8
2000: 0.832 31
1999: 0.832
1998: 0.9
1997: 1.0
1996: 1.0
1995: 1.0
1994: 0.9
1993: 0.832 54
1992: 0.732
1991: 0.7
1990: 0.7
1989: 0.6
1988: 0.6
1987: 0.7
1986: 0.6
1985: 0.6
1984: 0.6
1983: 0.6
1982: 0.5
1981: 0.6
1980: 0.6

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Brazil, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2012: 28427
2011: 264
2010: 352
2009: 35127 28
2008: 35327
2007: 320
2006: 404
2005: 244
2004: 201
2003: 283
2002: 318
2001: 336
2000: 32927 31
1999: 88827
1998: 371
1997: 250
1996: 270
1995: 534
1994: 353
1993: 456
1992: 859
1991: 1,140
1990: 658
1989: 605
1988: 586
1987: 677
1986: 669
1985: 575
1984: 515
1983: 566
1982: 467
1981: 448
1980: 386

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Brazil, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.132
2011: 0.1
2010: 0.2
2009: 0.232 9
2008: 0.232
2007: 0.2
2006: 0.2
2005: 0.1
2004: 0.1
2003: 0.2
2002: 0.2
2001: 0.2
2000: 0.232 31
1999: 0.532
1998: 0.2
1997: 0.2
1996: 0.2
1995: 0.3
1994: 0.2
1993: 0.332 55
1992: 0.632
1991: 0.8
1990: 0.5
1989: 0.4
1988: 0.4
1987: 0.5
1986: 0.5
1985: 0.4
1984: 0.4
1983: 0.4
1982: 0.4
1981: 0.4
1980: 0.3

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Brazil, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2012: 1,06627
2011: 827
2010: 779
2009: 1,63327 28
2008: 1,50627
2007: 1,232
2006: 897
2005: 1,171
2004: 1,478
2003: 1,597
2002: 2,135
2001: 1,977
2000: 2,46127 31
1999: 2,14827
1998: 2,759
1997: 1,519
1996: 1,692
1995: 2,369
1994: 3,755
1993: 4,115
1992: 4,357
1991: 3,614
1990: 2,379
1989: 5,505
1988: 4,978
1987: 3,747
1986: 4,609
1985: 3,783
1984: 3,350
1983: 3,062
1982: 1,608
1981: 1,689
1980: 1,560

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Brazil, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.532
2011: 0.4
2010: 0.4
2009: 0.932 9
2008: 0.832
2007: 0.7
2006: 0.5
2005: 0.6
2004: 0.8
2003: 0.9
2002: 1.2
2001: 1.1
2000: 1.432 31
1999: 1.332
1998: 1.7
1997: 1.0
1996: 1.1
1995: 1.5
1994: 2.4
1993: 2.732 54
1992: 2.932
1991: 2.5
1990: 1.7
1989: 3.9
1988: 3.6
1987: 2.7
1986: 3.4
1985: 2.9
1984: 2.6
1983: 2.4
1982: 1.3
1981: 1.4
1980: 1.3

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Brazil, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 7 64 65 66

Number of Small Arms Manufactured

The reported annual number of small arms manufactured in Brazil is

2002/07: 2,300,0007

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, Brazil was ranked 'medium'67 68

Home-made Guns

In Brazil, the prevalence of illicit craft, or 'home-made' firearm manufacture is reported to be moderate69 66

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Regulation of Firearm Exports

In Brazil, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law70 71 56 57 59 72 73 74 75 76

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Brazil is reported by Customs to be US$284,590,75477 (2011)78 79 80 81 82

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Brazil was categorized as 'major'83 84 85 86 82 87 45

Regulation of Firearm Imports

In Brazil, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law88 62 56 57 59 63 72 74 75 76

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Brazil is reported by Customs to be US$14,291,31877 (2011)89 90 91 92

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Brazil is high93 94 95 96

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Brazil, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law97 73 98 99

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Brazil include71 73 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

ChartIn its annual Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer, the Small Arms Survey compares public reporting among major arms exporting nations on a scale from strong to weak (25 to zero). In recent years, Brazil scored

2016: 7.00100
2014: 7.00101
2013: 7.50102
2012: 7.50103
2011: 8.50104
2010: 9.00105
2009: 9.00106
2008: 9.00107
2007: 8.50108
2006: 8.00109
2005: 8.50110
2004: 9.00111

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Brazil is categorised as restrictive112

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Brazil includes the Firearms Act No. 10 826 of 2003,113 114 and its regulation No. 5 123,115 the Decree No. 3 665 of 2000,116 Ministerial Act No. 7 of 2006,60 Ministerial Act No. 16 of 2004,74 the Constitution and the Penal Code of Brazil58

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Brazil are regulated by the Ministry of Justice and the Federal Police,117 through the National Arms System (SINARM),59 and the Command of the Brazilian Armed Forces118 62 119 120

Right to Possess Firearms

In Brazil, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law121 122 123

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Brazil, civilians are not allowed to possess weapons for the exclusive use of the Army,124 automatic firearms, certain handguns, smooth bore long guns or with a rifled barrel, disguised firearms125 and imitation firearms,63 with few exceptions126

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Brazil, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited,125 127 128 38 with few exceptions126

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Brazil, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted under licence129 127

Regulation of Handguns

In Brazil, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is prohibited,125 with only narrow exemptions129 130 126 127 128 38

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Brazil, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law125 129 38

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Brazil, only licensed gun owners131 132 133 134 135 38 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Brazil are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, target shooting, security132 136 137 130 128 114

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Brazil is 25 years,138 136 137 139 114 with only narrow exemptions140 141 142

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Brazil must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental health and employment132 143 130 137 38 114 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Brazil, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required123

Partner to be Advised or Interviewed

In Brazil, licensing authorities are not required123 to conduct interviews with, or to advise an applicant's spouse, partner, or next of kin before issuing a gun licence

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Brazil does not stipulate123 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Brazil, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required143 132 137 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Brazil, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every three years132 57 114

Licensing Records

In Brazil, authorities maintain a record144 59 127 145 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Brazil are permitted to possess one firearm per authorisation146 147 114

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Brazil are permitted to possess a limited quantity of ammunition146 114

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Brazil, the law requires148 144 133 126 59 149 150 127 145 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Brazil, licensed firearm dealers are required151 132 59 145 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Brazil, licensed gun makers are required59 152 145 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Brazil, State agencies are required148 126 150 153 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Brazil, the private sale and transfer of firearms is permitted154 132

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Brazil, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful56 57 131 151 59 62 155 150

Background Checks for Private Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm in a private sale in Brazil is obliged132 143 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Background Checks for Dealer Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm from a licensed gun dealer in Brazil is obliged132 143 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Limit on Gun Dealer Sales

In Brazil, the number and type of firearms which can be sold by a licensed gun dealer to a single gun owner is limited to three firearms (one handgun, one rifle, one shotgun) every two years, for retired military officials and non-commissioned officers156

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In Brazil, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is 30 business days132

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Brazil, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are regulated157 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Brazil include158 135 140 159 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Brazil include160 161 162 157 159 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Brazil include153 163 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Brazil include164 165 134 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Brazil, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law60 144 61 62 75 166 167

Firearm Tracing

In Brazil, state authorities carry out61 62 168 169 170 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Brazil, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are not123 45 recorded in a register

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Brazil, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law131 136 130 171 172 45 38

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Brazil, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is prohibited173 172

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Brazil, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit136

Gun Free Zones

In Brazil, private guns are prohibited in sports arenas, churches, banks, schools, government buildings and other gathering places173 174

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Brazil, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm175 is two to four years in prison and a fine131 58 176 140 177 178 179 180 167 159

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in Brazil are known to have181 182 183 184 16 185 186 7 187 188 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Surrendered in Gun Amnesty

ChartIn Brazil, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered in recent arms amnesty and collection programmes is reported to be

2009: 212,279189 190 191
2008: 60,196189
2005: 459,855190 191 192 193 7 35

Exchanged in Gun Buyback

ChartIn Brazil, the total number of firearms exchanged for monetary or in-kind compensation during recent gun buyback and disposal programmes is reported to be

2012: 27,329194
2011: 40,000
2003/09: 1,100,000195

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Brazil, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2014: 120,000196
2013: 13,048197
2012: 15,740198 197
2011: 15,560
2010: 14,441
2009: 11,664198
2008: 11,112
2004: 469,0007

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn Brazil, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2012: 500,000199
2004/05: 253,321200 201 191 35
2003: 5,000193
2002: 10,000
2001: 100,000193
1997/2013: 2,800,000199

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Brazil, it is state policy202 203 16 200 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

Organization of American States

On 14 November 1997, as a member of the Organisation of American States (OAS), Brazil adopted the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Explosives, Ammunition and Other Related Materials (CIFTA), a legally binding multilateral treaty of which the OAS is depository. The CIFTA Convention has since been signed and ratified204 205 by Brazil

United Nations Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice

The UNCCPCJ, a subsidiary body of the Economic and Social Council mandated to promote action to prevent national and transnational crime, lists206 Brazil as an elected member

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 2006207 by Brazil.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has been signed, but not yet ratified208 by Brazil

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified209 by Brazil

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Brazil committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects210

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Brazil against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 62211 212 213 214 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Brazil has submitted one or more national reports215 99 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Brazil, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated216 99

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Brazil, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated99

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Brazil submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent216

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been donated99 by Brazil to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided99 to Brazil by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Brazil has not declared217 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Brazil has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1945218

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list219 Brazil as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Brazil, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Brazil ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


Short References

1.

Karp, Aaron.2012.‘Estimated Civilian Gun Ownership.’ Measurement and Use of Statistical Data to Analyze Small Arms in the Caribbean and Latin America.Mexico City:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the Center of Excellence, National Institute of Statistics and Geography (INEGI),28 April. (Q8972)Full Citation

2.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms - Annexe online.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q5)Full Citation

3.

Brazil.2010.‘[Number of] Firearms in Brazil (Armas de Fogo no Brasil).’ The Impact of Armed Violence in Brazil (A Incidência da Violência Armada no Brasil).Rio de Janeiro:Confederação Nacional de Municípios (National Confederation of Counties),31 December. (Q11867)Full Citation

4.

Viva Rio.2010.‘Total Firearms in Circulation (Total de armas em circulação).’ Stocks and Distribution of Firearms in Brazil (Estoques e Distribuição de Armas de Fogo no Brasil).Rio de Janeiro:Viva Rio (Viva Comunidade), Sub-Comissão de Armas e Munições da Câmara Federal, Ministério da Justiça,1 January. (Q11877)Full Citation

5.

Waiselfiz, Julio Jacobo.2015.‘Gun Death Trends 1980/2012 (Evolução da Mortalidade por Armas de Fogo 1980/2012).’ Violence Map: Deaths by Firearms (Mapa da Violência: Mortes Matadas por Armas de Fogo).Brasilia:Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales / Latin American Social Sciences Institute,1 January. (Q11892)Full Citation

6.

Dreyfus, Pablo, Benjamin Lessing, Marcelo de Sousa Nascimento and Júlio Cesar Purcena.2010.‘Executive Summary.’ Small Arms in Brazil: Production, Trade, and Holdings.Geneva:Viva Rio, ISER, and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 September. (Q3365)Full Citation

7.

Instituto Sou da Paz.2010.‘Brazil Basic Diagnostic (Diagnóstico Básico de Brasil).’ Brazil Basic Diagnostic (Diagnóstico Básico de Brasil).Brasilia:Coalición Latinoamericana para la Prevención de la Violencia Armada (CLAVE),4 July. (Q11900)Full Citation

8.

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