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Bosnia & Herzegovina — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Bosnia & Herzegovina is 675,0001 to 1,143,7622 3

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) in Bosnia & Herzegovina is 17.31 to 29.434 5 firearms per 100 people

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Bosnia & Herzegovina ranked at No. 686

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Bosnia & Herzegovina ranked at No. 341

Proportion of Households with Firearms

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, the percentage of households with one or more guns is reported to be

2010: 34%3

Proportion of Households with Rifles

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, the percentage of households with one or more rifles is reported to be

2010: 23.1%3

Proportion of Households with Handguns

ChartIn Bosnia & Herzegovina, the percentage of households with one or more handguns is reported to be

2012: 4.6%7
2010: 62.6%3

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Bosnia & Herzegovina is reported to be

2009: 349,3962 8
2005: 353,0001
2004: 355,0008

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in Bosnia & Herzegovina is

2009: 8.994
2005: 9.07
2004: 9.16

Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Bosnia & Herzegovina there are estimated to be 140,3979 to 794,3662

Estimated Rate of Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Bosnia & Herzegovina there are estimated to be 3.62 to 20.444 illicit firearms per 100 people

Number of Households with Firearms

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, the number of households containing one or more guns is reported to be

2012: 217,27810

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Bosnia & Herzegovina are reported to have 76,00011 12 to 124,0252 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Bosnia & Herzegovina are reported to have 20,3532 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 10513 14 15 16

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 2.714

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Bosnia & Herzegovina, annual homicides by any means total

2011: 5117 18
2010: 56
2009: 71
2008: 6618
2007: 6618 19
2006: 7320 19
2005: 7018 19
2004: 68
2003: 6819
2002: 9018
2001: 82
2000: 99

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Bosnia & Herzegovina, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2011: 1.317 18
2010: 1.5
2009: 1.8
2008: 1.718 21
2007: 1.7
2006: 1.8620 18
2005: 1.79
2004: 1.818
2003: 1.774
2002: 2.418
2001: 2.2
2000: 2.7

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Bosnia & Herzegovina, annual firearm homicides total

2014: 1613
2011: 717
2010: 26
2009: 35
2006: 1818
2005: 18

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Bosnia & Herzegovina, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.4213
2011: 0.184
2010: 0.67
2009: 0.90
2006: 0.518
2005: 0.5

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Bosnia & Herzegovina, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2011: 14%17
2010: 46%
2009: 49%
2008: 12%
2007: 55%
2006: 25%
2005: 26%

Handgun Homicides

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, annual handgun homicides total

2014: 313

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0813

Long Gun Homicides

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, annual long gun homicides total

2014: 513

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.1313

Gun Homicides (Other)

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, annual gun homicides (other) total

2014: 813

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.2113

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Bosnia & Herzegovina, annual suicides by any means total

2007: 47219
2006: 484
2005: 466
2004: 442
2003: 453
1991: 53122

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Bosnia & Herzegovina, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2007: 12.134
2006: 12.43
2005: 11.97
2004: 11.40
2003: 11.79
1991: 12.7622

Gun Suicides

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, annual firearm suicides total

2014: 7314

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 1.9114

Handgun Suicides

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, annual handgun suicides total

2014: 614

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.1614

Long Gun Suicides

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, the number of long gun suicides is

2014: 914

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.2414

Gun Suicides (Other)

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, annual gun suicides (other) total

2014: 5814

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 1.5214

Unintentional Gun Deaths

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2014: 1215

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.3115

Unintentional Handgun Deaths

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, annual unintentional shooting deaths by handgun total

2014: 315

Rate of Unintentional Handgun Death per 100,000 People

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by handgun per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0815

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2014: 315

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0815

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2014: 615

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.1615

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 416

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.1016

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 116

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0316

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 316

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0816

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence23 24

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law25 26 27 28 29 30 24 31 32

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Bosnia & Herzegovina is reported by Customs to be US$9,225,94733 (2011)

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Bosnia & Herzegovina was categorized as 'unknown' (Bosnia)34

Firearm Imports

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law25 26 27 28 29 30 24 32

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Bosnia & Herzegovina is reported by Customs to be US$1,585,40733 (2011)

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Bosnia & Herzegovina is moderate35 36

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law37 24 32 38

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Bosnia & Herzegovina include39 26 24 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

ChartIn its annual Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer, the Small Arms Survey compares public reporting among major arms exporting nations on a scale from strong to weak (25 to zero). In recent years, Bosnia & Herzegovina scored

2016: 5.7540
2014: 1.5041
2013: 4.0042
2012: 8.7543
2011: 9.5044
2010: 13.0045
2009: 13.0046
2008: 13.5047
2007: 11.0048
2006: 11.2549
2005: 9.7550
2004: 0.0051

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Bosnia & Herzegovina includes the Law on Production of Arms and Military Equipment and the Law on Testing, Stamping and Marking of Small Arms and Ammunition,23 the Law on the Import and Export of Weapons and Military Equipment of 2003, as amended in 2005,24 the Law on Control of Foreign Trade of Goods and Services of Strategic Importance to the Security of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Criminal Code25 37

Right to Possess Firearms

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law52 53

Gun Ownership and Possession

Licensing Records

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, authorities maintain a record24 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, the law require54 55 8 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, licensed gun makers are required23 56 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, State agencies are required54 55 57 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Bosnia & Herzegovina include57 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Bosnia & Herzegovina include29 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law58 59 60

Firearm Tracing

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, state authorities carry out61 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in Bosnia & Herzegovina are known to have62 63 28 64 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Surrendered in Gun Amnesty

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered in recent arms amnesty and collection programmes is reported to be

2003/06: 15,15162 64

Exchanged in Gun Buyback

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, the total number of firearms exchanged for monetary or in-kind compensation during recent gun buyback and disposal programmes is reported to be

2006/2010: 33262

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Bosnia & Herzegovina, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2015: 3,58665
2013: 5,00066
2011: 6,20067
2010/11: 6,43468

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn Bosnia & Herzegovina, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2016: 1,00869
2011: 3,40070
2005/10: 95,00071 62
2003/06: 15,15164
2002/07: 250,000 72

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, it is state policy73 28 31 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 200674 by Bosnia & Herzegovina.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified75 by Bosnia & Herzegovina

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified76 by Bosnia & Herzegovina

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Bosnia & Herzegovina committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects77

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Bosnia & Herzegovina against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 1878 79 80 81 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Bosnia & Herzegovina has submitted one or more national reports82 38 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated83 38

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated83 38

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Bosnia & Herzegovina submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent38

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated38 by Bosnia & Herzegovina to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided38 to Bosnia & Herzegovina by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Bosnia & Herzegovina has declared84 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Bosnia & Herzegovina has been a Member State of the United Nations since 199285

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list86 Bosnia & Herzegovina as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Bosnia & Herzegovina, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Bosnia & Herzegovina ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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