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Bosnia & Herzegovina — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Bosnia & Herzegovina is 675,0001 to 1,143,7622 3

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) in Bosnia & Herzegovina is 17.31 to 29.434 5 firearms per 100 people

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Bosnia & Herzegovina ranked at No. 686

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Bosnia & Herzegovina ranked at No. 341

Proportion of Households with Firearms

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, the percentage of households with one or more guns is reported to be

2010: 34%3

Proportion of Households with Rifles

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, the percentage of households with one or more rifles is reported to be

2010: 23.1%3

Proportion of Households with Handguns

ChartIn Bosnia & Herzegovina, the percentage of households with one or more handguns is reported to be

2012: 4.6%7
2010: 62.6%3

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Bosnia & Herzegovina is reported to be

2009: 349,3962 8
2005: 353,0001
2004: 355,0008

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in Bosnia & Herzegovina is

2009: 8.994
2005: 9.07
2004: 9.16

Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Bosnia & Herzegovina there are estimated to be 140,3979 to 794,3662

Estimated Rate of Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Bosnia & Herzegovina there are estimated to be 3.62 to 20.444 illicit firearms per 100 people

Number of Households with Firearms

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, the number of households containing one or more guns is reported to be

2012: 217,27810

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Bosnia & Herzegovina are reported to have 76,00011 12 to 124,0252 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Bosnia & Herzegovina are reported to have 20,3532 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Bosnia & Herzegovina, annual homicides by any means total

2011: 5113 14
2010: 56
2009: 71
2008: 6614
2007: 6614 15
2006: 7316 15
2005: 7014 15
2004: 68
2003: 6815
2002: 9014
2001: 82
2000: 99

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Bosnia & Herzegovina, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2011: 1.313 14
2010: 1.5
2009: 1.8
2008: 1.714 17
2007: 1.7
2006: 1.8616 14
2005: 1.79
2004: 1.814
2003: 1.774
2002: 2.414
2001: 2.2
2000: 2.7

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Bosnia & Herzegovina, annual firearm homicides total

2011: 713
2010: 26
2009: 35
2006: 1814
2005: 18

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Bosnia & Herzegovina, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.184
2010: 0.67
2009: 0.90
2006: 0.514
2005: 0.5

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Bosnia & Herzegovina, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2011: 14%13
2010: 46%
2009: 49%
2008: 12%
2007: 55%
2006: 25%
2005: 26%

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Bosnia & Herzegovina, annual suicides by any means total

2007: 47215
2006: 484
2005: 466
2004: 442
2003: 453
1991: 53118

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Bosnia & Herzegovina, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2007: 12.134
2006: 12.43
2005: 11.97
2004: 11.40
2003: 11.79
1991: 12.7618

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence19

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Regulation of Firearm Exports

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law20 21 22 23 19 24 25

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Bosnia & Herzegovina is reported by Customs to be US$9,225,94726 (2011)

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Bosnia & Herzegovina was categorized as 'unknown' (Bosnia)27

Regulation of Firearm Imports

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law20 21 22 23 19 25

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Bosnia & Herzegovina is reported by Customs to be US$1,585,40726 (2011)

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Bosnia & Herzegovina is moderate28 29

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law19 25 30

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Bosnia & Herzegovina include20 19 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

ChartIn its annual Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer, the Small Arms Survey compares public reporting among major arms exporting nations on a scale from strong to weak (25 to zero). In recent years, Bosnia & Herzegovina scored

2016: 5.7531
2014: 1.5032
2013: 4.0033
2012: 8.7534
2011: 9.5035
2010: 13.0036
2009: 13.0037
2008: 13.5038
2007: 11.0039
2006: 11.2540
2005: 9.7541
2004: 0.0042

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Bosnia & Herzegovina includes the Law on the Import and Export of Weapons and Military Equipment of 2003, as amended in 200519

Right to Possess Firearms

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law43 44

Gun Ownership and Possession

Licensing Records

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, authorities maintain a record19 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, the law does not require45 8 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, licensed gun makers are required46 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, State agencies are required45 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Bosnia & Herzegovina include23 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law47

Firearm Tracing

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, state authorities do not carry out48 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in Bosnia & Herzegovina are known to have49 50 22 51 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Surrendered in Gun Amnesty

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered in recent arms amnesty and collection programmes is reported to be

2003/06: 15,15149 51

Exchanged in Gun Buyback

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, the total number of firearms exchanged for monetary or in-kind compensation during recent gun buyback and disposal programmes is reported to be

2006/2010: 33249

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2010/11: 6,43452

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn Bosnia & Herzegovina, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2005/10: 95,00053 49
2003/06: 15,15151
2002/07: 250,000 54

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, it is not state policy22 24 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 200655 by Bosnia & Herzegovina.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified56 by Bosnia & Herzegovina

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified57 by Bosnia & Herzegovina

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Bosnia & Herzegovina committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects58

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Bosnia & Herzegovina against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 1859 60 61 62 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Bosnia & Herzegovina has submitted one or more national reports63 30 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated64 30

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated64 30

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Bosnia & Herzegovina submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent30

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated30 by Bosnia & Herzegovina to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided30 to Bosnia & Herzegovina by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Bosnia & Herzegovina has declared65 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Bosnia & Herzegovina has been a Member State of the United Nations since 199266

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list67 Bosnia & Herzegovina as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Bosnia & Herzegovina, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Bosnia & Herzegovina ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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