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Bolivia — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Bolivia is 260,0001 2

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) in Bolivia is 2.51 firearms per 100 people

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Bolivia ranked at No. 1103

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Bolivia ranked at No. 1192

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Bolivia are reported to have 67,0004 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Bolivia are reported to have 36,0004 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Bolivia, annual homicides by any means total

2011: 7755
2010: 793
2009: 1,1306 5
2008: 1,216
2007: 1,013
2006: 2,724
2005: 876
2004: 3,7486
2003: 2,565
2002: 2,610
2001: 2,957
2000: 3,078

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Bolivia, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2011: 7.75
2010: 8.0
2009: 11.466 5
2008: 12.54
2007: 10.64
2006: 29.12
2005: 9.54
2004: 41.606
2003: 29.03
2002: 30.14
2001: 34.84
2000: 37.01
1998: 28.637

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Bolivia, annual firearm homicides total

2006: 78
2005: 11
2002: 529
2001: 50

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Bolivia, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2006: 0.078
2005: 0.12
2002: 0.599
2001: 0.58

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Bolivia, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence10 11 12 13 14 15 16

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Regulation of Firearm Exports

In Bolivia, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law11 17 18 12

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Bolivia is reported by Customs to be US$60119 (2009)

Regulation of Firearm Imports

In Bolivia, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law11 17 20 21 22 23 24 18 12 25 26

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Bolivia is reported by Customs to be US$1,555,55019 (2011)

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Bolivia, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are not specifically regulated by law20

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Bolivia include27 26 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Bolivia includes the Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials Control Law of 201328 16

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Bolivia are regulated by the Ministry of Defence and Ministry of Interior27 29

Right to Possess Firearms

In Bolivia, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law30

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Bolivia, civilians are not allowed to possess military assault weapons31

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Bolivia, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited31

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Bolivia, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted under a licence31

Regulation of Handguns

In Bolivia, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under a licence31

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Bolivia, only licensed gun owners32 33 21 34 35 36 37 38 12 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Bolivia are required to prove genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example self-defence, sports, hunting and collection31 32

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Bolivia is 21 years old33

Gun Licence Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Bolivia must pass a background check which considers criminal and mental33 12 records

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Bolivia gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every three years39

Licensing Records

In Bolivia, authorities maintain a record40 41 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Bolivia, the law requires42 34 37 38 40 41 16 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Bolivia, licensed firearm dealers are required29 40 41 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Bolivia, licensed gun makers are required40 41 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Bolivia, State agencies are required43 41 40 44 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Bolivia, the private sale and transfer of firearms is permitted45

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Bolivia, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is not unlawful45 11 12 15

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Bolivia include46 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Bolivia include46 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Bolivia include46 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Bolivia include18 26 47 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Bolivia, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law48 25 49

Firearm Tracing

In Bolivia, state authorities carry out50 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Marking of Firearms and Ammunition

In Bolivia, state authorities employ33 ballistic fingerprinting technology to trace guns and ammunition

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Bolivia, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is prohibited51

Gun Free Zones

In Bolivia, private guns are prohibited in social gatherings and public or private events, meetings or conferences, national, departmental, regional, municipal legislative sessions and indigenous gatherings, educational institutions, universities, hospitals and religious settings, public demonstrations, social movements, marches, strikes and rallies, prisons, sporting events, financial institutions, and judicial hearings12

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Bolivia, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm52 is 5 years in prison53 13 54 55 56 48 57 14 58 51 16

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in Bolivia are known to have27 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Bolivia, it is state policy59 27 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

Andean Community

As a member of the Andean Community, Bolivia adopted Decision 552: The Andean Plan to Prevent, Fight and Eradicate Illicit Trafficking in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects in June, 200360

Organization of American States

On 14 November 1997, as a member of the Organisation of American States (OAS), Bolivia adopted the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Explosives, Ammunition and Other Related Materials (CIFTA), a legally binding multilateral treaty of which the OAS is depository. The CIFTA Convention has since been signed and ratified61 62 by Bolivia

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was not signed63 by Bolivia.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has not been signed64 by Bolivia

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has not been signed65 by Bolivia

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Bolivia committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects66

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Bolivia against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 12867 68 69 70 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Bolivia has submitted one or more national reports71 72 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Bolivia, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated73 72

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Bolivia, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has not been designated73 72

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated72 by Bolivia to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Bolivia has not declared74 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Bolivia has been a Member State of the United Nations since 194575

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list76 Bolivia as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Bolivia, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Bolivia ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


Short References

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Karp, Aaron.2009.‘Estimated Total Small Arms, Firearms, and Surpluses in Bolivia, Rounded.’ Surplus Arms in South America: A Survey.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,1 August. (Q5297)Full Citation

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UNODC.2013.‘Homicide in 207 Countries - Bolivia.’ Global Study on Homicide 2011: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,26 June. (Q6335)Full Citation

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Petrini, Benjamin.2011.‘Latin America and the Caribbean, 1995-2008, Total Recorded Intentional Homicide, Completed, Rate per 100,000 Population.’ World Bank Homicide Rate Dataset 1995-2008.Washington DC:Social Development Department, World Bank,10 February. (Q3817)Full Citation

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UNODC.2008.‘Recorded Intentional Homicide, Completed.’ Tenth United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (2005-2006).Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,10 December. (Q10)Full Citation

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UNODC.2005.‘Recorded Homicide and Firearm Homicide in 53 Countries, Completed or Attempted.’ Eighth United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (2001-2002).Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,15 April. (Q1077)Full Citation

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Bolivia.2013.‘Industrial Manufacturing (Fabricación Industrial).’ Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials Control Law - Act 400.Sucre:Plurinational Legislative Assembly of Bolivia,18 September. (Q8434)Full Citation

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Bolivia.2013.‘Licence for Manufacturing, Transporting, Selling, Importing and Exporting (Licencia Para Fabricación, Transporte, Comercialización, Importación y Exportación).’ Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials Control Law - Act 400.Sucre:Plurinational Legislative Assembly of Bolivia,18 September. (Q8403)Full Citation

12.

Bolivia.2013.‘Prohibited Activities (Prohibiciones).’ Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials Control Law - Act 400.Sucre:Plurinational Legislative Assembly of Bolivia,18 September. (Q8417)Full Citation

13.

Bolivia.2013.‘Illicit Manufacturing (Fabricación Ilícita).’ Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials Control Law - Act 400.Sucre:Plurinational Legislative Assembly of Bolivia,18 September. (Q8418)Full Citation

14.

Bolivia.2013.‘Illicit Reparation (Reparación Ilícita).’ Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials Control Law - Act 400.Sucre:Plurinational Legislative Assembly of Bolivia,18 September. (Q8425)Full Citation

15.

Bolivia.2013.‘Armoury (Armería).’ Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials Control Law - Act 400.Sucre:Plurinational Legislative Assembly of Bolivia,18 September. (Q8433)Full Citation

16.

Charles Parkinson. 2013. ‘Bolivia Enacts First Gun Control Law.’ InSight Crime (Bogota) / El Diario. 19 September. (N308) Full Citation

17.

Bolivia.2013.‘Exhibitions and Demonstrations (Muestras de Exposición y Demostración).’ Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials Control Law - Act 400.Sucre:Plurinational Legislative Assembly of Bolivia,18 September. (Q8415)Full Citation

18.

Bolivia.2013.‘Security Measures for Transporting (Seguridad Para el Transporte).’ Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials Control Law - Act 400.Sucre:Plurinational Legislative Assembly of Bolivia,18 September. (Q8395)Full Citation

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Marsh, Nicholas.2013.‘Database of Authorised Transfers of Small Arms and Light Weapons.’ NISAT Small Arms Trade Database.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,14 February. (Q16)Full Citation

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IANSA.2006.‘Reviewing Action on Small Arms 2006: Assessing the first five years of the UN Programme of Action.’ Biting the Bullet 'Red Book' 2006.New York:International Action Network on Small Arms and the Biting the Bullet project,26 June. (Q82)Full Citation

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Bolivia.2013.‘Foreign Nationals (Ciudadanos Extranjeros).’ Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials Control Law - Act 400.Sucre:Plurinational Legislative Assembly of Bolivia,18 September. (Q8409)Full Citation

22.

Bolivia.2013.‘Temporary Admission (Internación Temporal).’ Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials Control Law - Act 400.Sucre:Plurinational Legislative Assembly of Bolivia,18 September. (Q8396)Full Citation

23.

Bolivia.2013.‘Special Acquisitions (Adquisición Extraordinaria).’ Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials Control Law - Act 400.Sucre:Plurinational Legislative Assembly of Bolivia,18 September. (Q8398)Full Citation

24.

Bolivia.2013.‘Procedure for Acquisition (Procedimiento de Adquisición).’ Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials Control Law - Act 400.Sucre:Plurinational Legislative Assembly of Bolivia,18 September. (Q8399)Full Citation

25.

Bolivia.2013.‘Marking (Marcaje).’ Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials Control Law - Act 400.Sucre:Plurinational Legislative Assembly of Bolivia,18 September. (Q8429)Full Citation

26.

Bolivia.2013.‘International Transit (Tránsito Internacional).’ Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials Control Law - Act 400.Sucre:Plurinational Legislative Assembly of Bolivia,18 September. (Q8431)Full Citation

27.

Bolivia.2013.‘Attributions (Atribuciones).’ Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials Control Law - Act 400.Sucre:Plurinational Legislative Assembly of Bolivia,18 September. (Q8437)Full Citation

28.

Bolivia.2013.‘Objective (Objeto).’ Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials Control Law - Act 400.Sucre:Plurinational Legislative Assembly of Bolivia,18 September. (Q8406)Full Citation

29.

Bolivia.2013.‘Registration and Inventories (Registro e Inventarios).’ Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials Control Law - Act 400.Sucre:Plurinational Legislative Assembly of Bolivia,18 September. (Q8400)Full Citation

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Sherman, Amy and Tom Ginsburg.2014.‘Gun Rights in National Constitutions.’ Marco Rubio Says Second Amendment Is Unique in Speech to NRA.Miami FL:Miami Herald (PolitiFact Florida),29 April. (Q8507)Full Citation

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Bolivia.2013.‘Firearms For Your Use (Armas de Fuego Por Su Uso).’ Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials Control Law - Act 400.Sucre:Plurinational Legislative Assembly of Bolivia,18 September. (Q8408)Full Citation

32.

Bolivia.2013.‘Types of Licences (Clases de Licencias).’ Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials Control Law - Act 400.Sucre:Plurinational Legislative Assembly of Bolivia,18 September. (Q8428)Full Citation

33.

Bolivia.2013.‘License Requirements (Requisitos Para Licencia).’ Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials Control Law - Act 400.Sucre:Plurinational Legislative Assembly of Bolivia,18 September. (Q8416)Full Citation

34.

Bolivia.2013.‘Sports Organisations (Organizaciones Deportivas).’ Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials Control Law - Act 400.Sucre:Plurinational Legislative Assembly of Bolivia,18 September. (Q8410)Full Citation

35.

Bolivia.2013.‘Instructions for Shooting Sports (Instrucción de Tiro Deportivo).’ Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials Control Law - Act 400.Sucre:Plurinational Legislative Assembly of Bolivia,18 September. (Q8411)Full Citation

36.

Bolivia.2013.‘Firing Ranges and Zones (Campos y Polígonos de Tiro).’ Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials Control Law - Act 400.Sucre:Plurinational Legislative Assembly of Bolivia,18 September. (Q8412)Full Citation

37.

Bolivia.2013.‘Hunting (Caza).’ Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials Control Law - Act 400.Sucre:Plurinational Legislative Assembly of Bolivia,18 September. (Q8413)Full Citation

38.

Bolivia.2013.‘Antique, Historical and Collectable Firearms (Armas Antiguas, Históricas y de Colección).’ Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials Control Law - Act 400.Sucre:Plurinational Legislative Assembly of Bolivia,18 September. (Q8414)Full Citation

39.

Bolivia.2013.‘Renewal and Expiration (Renovación y Caducidad).’ Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials Control Law - Act 400.Sucre:Plurinational Legislative Assembly of Bolivia,18 September. (Q8402)Full Citation

40.

Bolivia.2013.‘Structure of the General Registry of Firearms, Ammunition and Explosives (Estructura del Registro General de Armas de Fuego, Municiones y Explosivos).’ Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials Control Law - Act 400.Sucre:Plurinational Legislative Assembly of Bolivia,18 September. (Q8435)Full Citation

41.

Bolivia.2013.‘General Registry of Firearms, Ammunition and Explosives (Registro General de Armas de Fuego, Municiones y Explosivos).’ Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials Control Law - Act 400.Sucre:Plurinational Legislative Assembly of Bolivia,18 September. (Q8436)Full Citation

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Bolivia.2006.‘Report on the Programme of Action (Informe sobre el Programa de Acción).’ National Report of Bolivia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York:Permanent Mission of Bolivia to the United Nations,20 June. (Q4638)Full Citation

43.

Bolivia.2013.‘Control (Control).’ Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials Control Law - Act 400.Sucre:Plurinational Legislative Assembly of Bolivia,18 September. (Q8430)Full Citation

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Bolivia.2010.‘Report on the Programme of Action (Informe sobre el Programa de Acción).’ National Report of Bolivia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York:Permanent Mission of Bolivia to the United Nations,1 January. (Q4636)Full Citation

45.

Bolivia.2013.‘Disposal (Enajenación).’ Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials Control Law - Act 400.Sucre:Plurinational Legislative Assembly of Bolivia,18 September. (Q8401)Full Citation

46.

Bolivia.2013.‘Storage (Almacenaje).’ Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials Control Law - Act 400.Sucre:Plurinational Legislative Assembly of Bolivia,18 September. (Q8432)Full Citation

47.

Bolivia.2013.‘Transport Within Bolivian Territory (Transporte Dentro el Territorio Boliviano).’ Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials Control Law - Act 400.Sucre:Plurinational Legislative Assembly of Bolivia,18 September. (Q8438)Full Citation

48.

Bolivia.2013.‘Alteration or Elimination of Marks (Alteración O Supresión de Marca).’ Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials Control Law - Act 400.Sucre:Plurinational Legislative Assembly of Bolivia,18 September. (Q8422)Full Citation

49.

Bolivia.2007.‘National Marking Practices (Prácticas Nacionales de Marcación).’ National Report of Bolivia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York:Permanent Mission of Bolivia to the United Nations,1 January. (Q4637)Full Citation

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Bolivia.2013.‘Public Display (Ostentación Publica).’ Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials Control Law - Act 400.Sucre:Plurinational Legislative Assembly of Bolivia,18 September. (Q8427)Full Citation

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Bolivia.2013.‘Illicit Possession and Bearing or Carrying (Tenencia Y Porte O Portación Ilícita).’ Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials Control Law - Act 400.Sucre:Plurinational Legislative Assembly of Bolivia,18 September. (Q8405)Full Citation

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Bolivia.2013.‘Illicit Trafficking of Weapons (Tráfico Ilícito de Armas).’ Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials Control Law - Act 400.Sucre:Plurinational Legislative Assembly of Bolivia,18 September. (Q8419)Full Citation

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Bolivia.2013.‘Theft or Robbery of Weapons (Hurto o Robo de Armas).’ Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials Control Law - Act 400.Sucre:Plurinational Legislative Assembly of Bolivia,18 September. (Q8420)Full Citation

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Bolivia.2013.‘Theft or Robbery of Weapons and Ammunition for Military or Police Use (Hurto o Robo de Armamento y Munición de Uso Militar o Policial).’ Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials Control Law - Act 400.Sucre:Plurinational Legislative Assembly of Bolivia,18 September. (Q8421)Full Citation

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Bolivia.2013.‘Dangerous Storage (Almacenaje Peligroso).’ Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials Control Law - Act 400.Sucre:Plurinational Legislative Assembly of Bolivia,18 September. (Q8423)Full Citation

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Bolivia.2013.‘Illegal Shooting Training (Instrucción de Tiro Ilegal).’ Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials Control Law - Act 400.Sucre:Plurinational Legislative Assembly of Bolivia,18 September. (Q8426)Full Citation

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