Find Gun Policy Facts

Armed violence prevention, gun control laws and the small arms trade:

Belize — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Belize is 32,0001 2

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) in Belize is 10.21 2 firearms per 100 people

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

In Belize, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be 7003

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

In Belize, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be 7,4153

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

In Belize, the number of handguns in civilian possession is reported to be 2,6403

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Belize ranked at No. 1614

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Belize ranked at No. 622

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Belize is reported to be

2010: 8,9475
2009: 10,7553

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in Belize is

2010: 2.846
2009: 3.49

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Belize are reported to have 2,5007 8 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Belize are reported to have 1,6007 9 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Belize, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2010: 7810
2009: 5011
2000: 2212

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Belize, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2010: 24.810
2009: 16.246
2000: 8.87

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Belize, annual homicides by any means total

2014: 12313
2013: 99
2012: 14513 14
2011: 12413 14 15 16
2010: 12913 14 15 17 18
2009: 98
2008: 104
2007: 97
2006: 9213 14 15 17 18 5
2005: 8113 14 15 17 18
2004: 79
2003: 67
2002: 87
2001: 64
2000: 4713 14 15 17

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Belize, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2014: 36.2013
2013: 29.83
2012: 44.7413 14
2011: 39.2113 14 15 16
2010: 41.8013 14 15 17 18
2009: 32.56
2008: 35.43
2007: 33.89
2006: 32.9813 14 15 17 18 5
2005: 29.7913 14 15 17 18
2004: 29.81
2003: 25.93
2002: 34.56
2001: 26.10
2000: 19.70
1999: 15.0019 15
1998: 13.00
1997: 10.0019
1996: 10.00
1995: 16.30

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Belize, annual firearm homicides total

2013: 5113
2012: 99
2011: 8313 14
2010: 8013 14 15 20 10
2009: 4814 15 20
2008: 6615 20
2007: 41
2006: 3714 15 20
2005: 41
2004: 3615 20
2000: 2012

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Belize, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 15.266
2012: 30.21
2011: 25.85
2010: 25.446 15 20 10
2009: 15.596 15 20 18
2008: 22.115 20 18
2007: 14.0
2006: 12.856 15 20 18
2005: 14.58
2004: 13.115 20 18
2000: 7.8112

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Belize, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2013: 52%13
2012: 68%
2011: 67%13 14 16
2010: 62%13 14
2009: 49%14
2006: 40%
2005: 51%
2004: 45.6%15

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Belize, annual suicides by any means total

2009: 1521
2008: 11
2007: 8
2006: 11
2005: 11
2004: 20
2003: 12
2002: 14
2001: 2221 22
2000: 1821

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Belize, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2009: 4.921 22
2008: 3.721
2007: 2.7
2006: 3.8
2005: 3.9
2004: 7.3
2003: 4.5
2002: 5.3
2001: 8.6
2000: 7.2

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Belize, annual firearm suicides total

2010: 310
2009: 111
2000: 112

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Belize, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2010: 1.010
2009: 0.326
2000: 0.3912

Unintentional Gun Deaths

In Belize, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2000: 112

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

In Belize, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2000: 0.3912

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Belize, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2010: 110
2009: 511
1998: 012

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Belize, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.326
2009: 1.62
1998: 0.0012

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Belize, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence,23 but is not conducted in practice24 5

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Belize, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law25 26 27 28 29

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Belize is reported by Customs to be US$030 (2011)

Firearm Imports

In Belize, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law31 27 28 29 32

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Belize is reported by Customs to be US$405,88230 (2011)

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Belize, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are not specifically regulated by law33

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Belize do not include34 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Belize is categorised as restrictive35

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Belize includes the Firearms Act 2000,36 the Firearms (Amendment) Act of 2008,37 and the Firearms Regulations 200038

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Belize are regulated by the the Commissioner of Police and the Department of Police of Belize5

Right to Possess Firearms

In Belize, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law39 40 41 42 43

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Belize, civilians are not allowed to possess all assault rifles, automatic and semiautomatic firearms, rifles of calibre greater than 7.62 mm or 0.30 inch, sawed-off rifles or shotguns, shotguns of barrel length 21 inches or less, rifled shotguns, handguns of calibre greater than 9mm or .38inch, armour-piercing ammunition, silencers, or extended handgun magazines44

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Belize, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited44 45 16

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Belize, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is prohibited44 45

Regulation of Handguns

In Belize, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence, except handguns over 9mm or .38 calibre, or Magnum cartridges other than .22 inch or 5.6mm44 45 16

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Belize, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law44 16

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Belize, only licensed gun owners46 47 16 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Belize are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example self-defence41 48

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Belize is 16 years41 49

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Belize must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental health, medical and previous firearm ownership41 16 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Belize, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required42 43

Partner to be Advised or Interviewed

In Belize, licensing authorities are not required42 43 to conduct interviews with, or to advise an applicant's spouse, partner, or next of kin before issuing a gun licence

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Belize does not stipulate42 43 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Belize, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required50 5 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Belize, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every one year51

Licensing Records

In Belize, authorities maintain a record52 47 45 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Belize are permitted to possess only the number of firearms indicated in the licence46

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Belize are permitted to possess only the quantity of ammunition indicated in the licence46

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Belize, the law requires52 53 54 47 55 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Belize, licensed firearm dealers are required54 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Belize, State agencies are required55 56 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Belize, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited unless registered by the Commissioner of Police or a police officer53

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Belize, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful57 58

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In Belize, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined42 43

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Belize, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated42 43 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Belize include47 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Belize include58 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Belize include56 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Belize do not include42 43 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Belize, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law54 55 59

Firearm Tracing

In Belize, state authorities do not carry out60 50 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Belize, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are not42 43 50 recorded in a register

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Belize, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law46 61 62 50 16

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Belize, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit46 61 62 50 16

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Belize, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit46 61 62 50 16

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Belize, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm63 is a prison term of five years for a first offence, and seven years for a second or subsequent offence64

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in Belize are known to have3 65 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Belize, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2013: 12466
2012: 1,48667
2011: 1,848
2010: 13468
2009: 1913 69
2008: 1943
2007: 117
2006: 240

Small Arms Destroyed

In Belize, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be 78565 (2006-2008)

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Belize, it is state policy70 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

Central American Integration System

As a member of the Central American Integration System (SICA), Belize is party to the 2007 Central American Programme on Small Arms Control and the Code of Conduct of Central American States on the Transfer of Arms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Material71

Organization of American States

On 14 November 1997, as a member of the Organisation of American States (OAS), Belize adopted the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Explosives, Ammunition and Other Related Materials (CIFTA), a legally binding multilateral treaty of which the OAS is depository. The CIFTA Convention has since been signed and ratified72 73 by Belize

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was not signed74 by Belize.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified75 by Belize

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has not been signed76 by Belize

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Belize committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects77

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Belize has yet to submit a national report78 79 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Belize, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated79

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Belize, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has not been designated79

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Belize submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was not apparent79

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated79 by Belize to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Belize has not declared80 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Belize has been a Member State of the United Nations since 198181

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list82 Belize as a Participating State


Short References

1.

Karp, Aaron.2012.‘Estimated Civilian Gun Ownership.’ Measurement and Use of Statistical Data to Analyze Small Arms in the Caribbean and Latin America.Mexico City:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the Center of Excellence, National Institute of Statistics and Geography (INEGI),28 April. (Q8972)Full Citation

2.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms - Annexe online.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q5)Full Citation

3.

Bowden, Bert.2010.‘Illicit Firearm Trafficking and Control Mechanisms in Belize.’ IX Seminar: Control of Arms Transfers and Trafficking - Compilation.Santa Marta:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime / UNODC,25 February. (Q5463)Full Citation

4.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q4)Full Citation

5.

Espinosa Quirós, Ana Yancy and ARIAS.2010.‘Belize Basic Diagnostic (Diagnóstico Básico de Belice).’ Belize Basic Diagnostic (Diagnóstico Básico de Belice).Belmopan:Coalición Latinoamericana para la Prevención de la Violencia Armada (CLAVE),4 July. (Q11897)Full Citation

6.

GunPolicy.org.2016.‘Calculated Rates - Belize.’ Historical Population Data - USCB International Data Base.Suitland, MD:US Census Bureau Population Division,7 June. (Q8733)Full Citation

7.

Karp, Aaron.2012.‘State Firearms Ownership.’ Measurement and Use of Statistical Data to Analyze Small Arms in the Caribbean and Latin America.Mexico City:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the Center of Excellence, National Institute of Statistics and Geography (INEGI),28 April. (Q8973)Full Citation

8.

Karp, Aaron.2006.‘Trickle and Torrent: State stockpiles.’ Small Arms Survey 2006: Unfinished Business.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q6)Full Citation

9.

Karp, Aaron.2006.‘Trickle and Torrent: State stockpiles.’ Small Arms Survey 2006: Unfinished Business.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q7)Full Citation

10.

Waiselfiz, Julio Jacobo.2015.‘Number and Rate of Gun Deaths in 90 Countries (Número e taxas de mortalidade por AF segundo causa básica em 90 países do mundo).’ Violence Map: Deaths by Firearms (Mapa da Violência: Mortes Matadas por Armas de Fogo).Brasilia:Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales / Latin American Social Sciences Institute,1 January. (Q11896)Full Citation

11.

Fleitas, Diego Manuel, Germán Lodola and Hernán Flom.2014.‘Country Profiles on Crime and Violence: Belize.’ Crime and Violence in Latin America and the Caribbean: Regional Country Profiles.Buenos Aires:Asociación para Políticas Públicas (APP) and Action on Armed Violence,1 January. (Q11441)Full Citation

12.

Jackson, Thomas.2005.‘Global Gun Deaths.’ NISAT Firearm Mortality Database 2005.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,1 January. (Q12)Full Citation

13.

Igarapé Institute.2015.‘Homicides and Homicide Rates 2000 to 2014 - Belize.’ Homicide Monitor 2015.Rio de Janeiro:Igarapé Institute,24 June. (Q11098)Full Citation

14.

UNODC.2014.‘Homicides and Gun Homicides in Belize.’ Global Study on Homicide 2013: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC),10 April. (Q10160)Full Citation

15.

UNODC.2013.‘Homicide in 207 Countries - Belize.’ Global Study on Homicide 2011: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,26 June. (Q6350)Full Citation

16.

Butchart, Alexander, Christopher Mikton and Etienne Krug.2014.‘Country Profile: Belize.’ Global Status Report on Violence Prevention 2014.Geneva:World Health Organisation (WHO), United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and United Nations Development Programme (UNDP),10 December. (Q9704)Full Citation

17.

OAS Hemispheric Citizen Security Observatory.2012.‘Intentional Homicide 2000-2011.’ Report on Citizen Security in the Americas 2012.Washington, DC:Organisation of American States,1 July. (Q9209)Full Citation

18.

OAS Observatory on Citizen Security.2011.‘Intentional Homicide.’ Report on Citizen Security in the Americas 2011.Washington, DC:Organisation of American States,1 January. (Q5678)Full Citation

19.

Petrini, Benjamin.2011.‘Latin America and the Caribbean, 1995-2008, Total Recorded Intentional Homicide, Completed, Rate per 100,000 Population.’ World Bank Homicide Rate Dataset 1995-2008.Washington, DC:Social Development Department, World Bank,10 February. (Q3817)Full Citation

20.

OAS Hemispheric Citizen Security Observatory.2012.‘Intentional Homicide Committed by Firearms 2000-2010.’ Report on Citizen Security in the Americas 2012.Washington, DC:Organisation of American States,1 July. (Q9210)Full Citation

21.

OAS Hemispheric Citizen Security Observatory.2012.‘Suicide 2000-2009.’ Report on Citizen Security in the Americas 2012.Washington, DC:Organisation of American States,1 July. (Q9206)Full Citation

22.

OAS Observatory on Citizen Security.2011.‘Suicide.’ Report on Citizen Security in the Americas 2011.Washington, DC:Organisation of American States,1 January. (Q5680)Full Citation

23.

Belize.2000.‘Prohibition Against Manufacture of Firearms or Ammunition.’ Firearms Act, Chapter 143, Revised Edition 2000.Belmopan:Law Revision Commissioner,31 December. (Q1760)Full Citation

24.

Belize.2016.‘Manufacture.’ National Report of Belize on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Belize to the United Nations,1 April. (Q12437)Full Citation

25.

Belize.2000.‘Exportation of Firearms, etc., from Belize.’ Firearms (International Movement of Firearms, Firearms Parts, Components and Ammunition) (Control) Regulations, No.23 of 2000.Belmopan:Minister of National Security,26 February. (Q1742)Full Citation

26.

Belize.2000.‘Exportation of Ammunition from Belize.’ Firearms (International Movement of Firearms, Firearms Parts, Components and Ammunition) (Control) Regulations, No.23 of 2000.Belmopan:Minister of National Security,26 February. (Q1744)Full Citation

27.

Belize.2000.‘Authorised Quantities.’ Firearms (International Movement of Firearms, Firearms Parts, Components and Ammunition) (Control) Regulations, No.23 of 2000.Belmopan:Minister of National Security,26 February. (Q1745)Full Citation

28.

Belize.2000.‘Records.’ Firearms (International Movement of Firearms, Firearms Parts, Components and Ammunition) (Control) Regulations, No.23 of 2000.Belmopan:Minister of National Security,26 February. (Q1746)Full Citation

29.

Belize.2016.‘International Transfers.’ National Report of Belize on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Belize to the United Nations,1 April. (Q12427)Full Citation

30.

Marsh, Nicholas.2014.‘Database of Authorised Transfers of Small Arms and Light Weapons.’ NISAT Small Arms Trade Database.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,22 December. (Q16)Full Citation

31.

Belize.2000.‘Importation of Firearms, etc., into Belize.’ Firearms (International Movement of Firearms, Firearms Parts, Components and Ammunition) (Control) Regulations, No.23 of 2000.Belmopan:Minister of National Security,26 February. (Q1743)Full Citation

32.

Belize.2000.‘Importation of Firearms.’ Firearms Act, Chapter 143, Revised Edition 2000.Belmopan:Law Revision Commissioner,31 December. (Q1753)Full Citation

33.

Belize.2016.‘Brokering.’ National Report of Belize on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Belize to the United Nations,1 April. (Q12430)Full Citation

34.

Belize.2016.‘End-user Certificate.’ National Report of Belize on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Belize to the United Nations,1 April. (Q12428)Full Citation

35.

Newton, George D and Franklin E Zimring.1969.‘Firearm Licensing: Permissive v Restrictive.’ Firearms & Violence in American Life: A staff report submitted to the National Commission on the Causes and Prevention of Violence.Washington, DC:US Government Printing Office,1 January. (Q22)Full Citation

36.

Belize.2000.‘Firearms Act.’ Firearms Act, Chapter 143, Revised Edition 2000.Belmopan:Law Revision Commissioner,31 December. (Q1747)Full Citation

37.

Belize.2008.‘Firearms (Amendment) Act.’ Firearms (Amendment) Act, No.6 of 2008.Belmopan:House of Representatives and the Senate of Belize,2 June. (Q3578)Full Citation

38.

Belize.2000.‘Statutory Instrument No.23 of 2000.’ Firearms (International Movement of Firearms, Firearms Parts, Components and Ammunition) (Control) Regulations.Belmopan:Minister of National Security,26 February. (Q4916)Full Citation

39.

Sherman, Amy and Tom Ginsburg.2014.‘Gun Rights in National Constitutions.’ Marco Rubio Says Second Amendment Is Unique in Speech to NRA.Miami, FL:Miami Herald (PolitiFact Florida),29 April. (Q8507)Full Citation

40.

Zachary Elkins, Tom Ginsburg and James Melton. 2013. ‘U.S. Gun Rights Truly Are American Exceptionalism.’ Bloomberg (USA). 7 March. (N422) Full Citation

41.

Belize.2000.‘Licences, By Whom Granted and Conditions of Issue.’ Firearms Act, Chapter 143, Revised Edition 2000.Belmopan:Law Revision Commissioner,31 December. (Q1750)Full Citation

42.

Belize.2000.‘Firearms Act.’ Firearms Act, Chapter 143, Revised Edition 2000.Belmopan:Law Revision Commissioner,31 December. (Q4070)Full Citation

43.

Belize.2000.‘Statutory Instrument No.23 of 2000.’ Firearms (International Movement of Firearms, Firearms Parts, Components and Ammunition) (Control) Regulations.Belmopan:Minister of National Security,26 February. (Q4915)Full Citation

44.

Belize.2008.‘Prohibited Firearms, Ammunition and other Materials.’ Statutory Instrument No.70 of 2008, Firearms (Amendment of Schedules) Order, 2008.Belmopan:Minister of National Security and the Commissioner of Police,12 June. (Q3580)Full Citation

45.

Parker, Sarah.2011.‘Balancing Act: Regulation of Civilian Firearm Possession.’ Small Arms Survey 2011: States of Security.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,6 July. (Q5361)Full Citation

46.

Belize.2000.‘Prohibition against Keeping Firearms without Licence.’ Firearms Act, Chapter 143, Revised Edition 2000.Belmopan:Law Revision Commissioner,31 December. (Q1748)Full Citation

47.

Belize.2011.‘Application for Firearms Licence.’ Belize Police Department Firearms Licence Application Form.Belmopan:Belize Police Department,26 June. (Q5213)Full Citation

48.

Parker, Sarah.2011.‘Balancing Act: Regulation of Civilian Firearm Possession.’ Small Arms Survey 2011: States of Security.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,6 July. (Q5396)Full Citation

49.

Belize.2000.‘Offences in Respect of Persons Under 16 Years of Age.’ Firearms Act, Chapter 143, Revised Edition 2000.Belmopan:Law Revision Commissioner,31 December. (Q1758)Full Citation

50.

Belize.2000.‘Regulations.’ Firearms Act, Chapter 143, Revised Edition 2000.Belmopan:Law Revision Commissioner,31 December. (Q1762)Full Citation

51.

Belize.2000.‘Expiry of Licences.’ Firearms Act, Chapter 143, Revised Edition 2000.Belmopan:Law Revision Commissioner,31 December. (Q1763)Full Citation

52.

Belize.2000.‘Register of Licences.’ Firearms Act, Chapter 143, Revised Edition 2000.Belmopan:Law Revision Commissioner,31 December. (Q1752)Full Citation

53.

Belize.2000.‘Unlicensed Persons Selling Firearms.’ Firearms Act, Chapter 143, Revised Edition 2000.Belmopan:Law Revision Commissioner,31 December. (Q1754)Full Citation

54.

Belize.2000.‘Licensed Gun Dealer to Keep Stock Books.’ Firearms Act, Chapter 143, Revised Edition 2000.Belmopan:Law Revision Commissioner,31 December. (Q1755)Full Citation

55.

Belize.2016.‘Marking and Record Keeping.’ National Report of Belize on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Belize to the United Nations,1 April. (Q12433)Full Citation

56.

Belize.2016.‘Stockpile Management.’ National Report of Belize on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Belize to the United Nations,1 April. (Q12431)Full Citation

57.

Belize.2000.‘Gun Dealer Licences.’ Firearms Act, Chapter 143, Revised Edition 2000.Belmopan:Law Revision Commissioner,31 December. (Q1749)Full Citation

58.

Belize.2000.‘Licences, By Whom Granted and Conditions of Issue.’ Firearms Act, Chapter 143, Revised Edition 2000.Belmopan:Law Revision Commissioner,31 December. (Q1751)Full Citation

59.

Belize.2016.‘Marking at Import.’ National Report of Belize on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Belize to the United Nations,1 April. (Q12429)Full Citation

60.

Belize.2016.‘International Tracing.’ National Report of Belize on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Belize to the United Nations,1 April. (Q12434)Full Citation

61.

Belize.2000.‘Minister May Prohibit Carrying or Sale of Arms.’ Firearms Act, Chapter 143, Revised Edition 2000.Belmopan:Law Revision Commissioner,31 December. (Q1756)Full Citation

62.

Belize.2000.‘Restriction on the Carrying of Firearms in Certain Circumstances.’ Firearms Act, Chapter 143, Revised Edition 2000.Belmopan:Law Revision Commissioner,31 December. (Q1761)Full Citation

63.

GunPolicy.org. 2015. ‘Penalty for Unlawful Firearm Possession.’ Definition and Selection Criteria.
Sydney School of Public Health, 23 January.
(G93) Full Citation

64.

Belize.2008.‘General Penalty.’ Firearms (Amendment) Act, No.6 of 2008.Belmopan:House of Representatives and the Senate of Belize,2 June. (Q3579)Full Citation

65.

Espinoza, Ana Yancy.2010.‘Seized and Destroyed Arms (Armas Decomisadas y Destruidas).’ IX Seminar: Control of Arms Transfers and Trafficking - Compilation (IX Seminario: Control del Tráfico y Transferencia de Armas de Fuego - Sistematización).Santa Marta:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime / UNODC,25 February. (Q5508)Full Citation

66.

CASAC.2013.‘Firearms Seized in 2013 (Armas Incautadas en 2013).’ Number of Seized Firearms and Ammunition 2009-2013.Managua:Programa Centroamericano para el Control de Armas Pequeñas y Ligeras (CASAC),31 December. (Q11838)Full Citation

67.

CASAC.2013.‘Firearms Seized per Country in 2011-2012 (Total de Armas Incautadas por País 2011-2012).’ Number of Seized Firearms and Ammunition 2009-2013.Managua:Programa Centroamericano para el Control de Armas Pequeñas y Ligeras (CASAC),31 December. (Q11837)Full Citation

68.

CASAC.2013.‘Firearms and Ammunition Seized in 2010 (Número de Armas y Municiones Incautadas 2010).’ Number of Seized Firearms and Ammunition 2009-2013.Managua:Programa Centroamericano para el Control de Armas Pequeñas y Ligeras (CASAC),31 December. (Q11836)Full Citation

69.

CASAC.2013.‘Firearms and Ammunition Seized in 2009 (Número de armas y municiones incautadas 2009).’ Number of Seized Firearms and Ammunition 2009-2013.Managua:Programa Centroamericano para el Control de Armas Pequeñas y Ligeras (CASAC),31 December. (Q11835)Full Citation

70.

Belize.2016.‘Surplus.’ National Report of Belize on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Belize to the United Nations,1 April. (Q12432)Full Citation

71.

UNODA.2007.‘Central American Programme on Small Arms Control.’ United Nations Programme of Action Implementation Support System: Regional Organisations.New York, NY:Central American Integration System / United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,1 January. (Q3221)Full Citation

72.

OAS / UNODA.1997.‘Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Explosives, Ammunition and Other Related Materials / CIFTA.’ United Nations Programme of Action Implementation Support System: Regional Organisations.New York, NY:Organization of American States / United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,14 November. (Q3244)Full Citation

73.

OAS.1997.‘Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Explosives, Ammunition and Other Related Materials (CIFTA): Signatures and Ratifications.’ Organization of American States, Department of International Law.Washington, DC:Organization of American States,14 November. (Q3262)Full Citation

74.

GDAV.2006.‘Geneva Declaration.’ Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development.Geneva:Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development Secretariat,7 June. (Q7162)Full Citation

75.

UNODA.2013.‘Towards Entry Into Force.’ Arms Trade Treaty.New York, NY:United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,2 April. (Q7226)Full Citation

76.

UNGA.2001.‘United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition.’ UN General Assembly Resolution 55/255.New York, NY:UN General Assembly,31 May. (Q17)Full Citation

77.

UNGA.2001.‘Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects.’ United Nations General Assembly.New York, NY:UN General Assembly,20 July. (Q18)Full Citation

78.

Cattaneo, Silvia and Sarah Parker.2008.‘Reporting, NPCs and NCAs, 2002 to 2008.’ Implementing the United Nations Programme of Action on Small Arms and Light Weapons: Analysis of the National Reports submitted by States from 2002 to 2008.Geneva:United Nations Development Programme,1 November. (Q20)Full Citation

79.

UNODA.2015.‘PoA-ISS Country Profiles.’ UN small arms Programme of Action (UNPoA) - Implementation Support System.New York, NY:United Nations Office of Disarmament Affairs,11 September. (Q1309)Full Citation

80.

UNODA.2011.‘National Reports on Small Arms Exports.’ United Nations Register of Conventional Arms - The Global Reported Arms Trade.New York, NY:United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,21 October. (Q14)Full Citation

81.

UN.2013.‘Member States of the United Nations.’ UN.org Web Site.New York, NY:United Nations General Assembly,7 April. (Q290)Full Citation

82.

Wassenaar Arrangement.1996.‘Introduction: Participating States.’ Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies.Vienna:Wassenaar Secretariat,12 July. (Q19)Full Citation