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Bangladesh — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Bangladesh is 700,0001

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Bangladesh is 0.51

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Bangladesh ranked at No. 662

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Bangladesh ranked at No. 1691

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

The number of licensed gun owners in Bangladesh is reported to be 185,0003

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

The rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Bangladesh is 0.134

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Bangladesh is reported to be

2015: 217,0005
2005: 185,0001

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in Bangladesh is

2015: 0.134
2005: 0.13

Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Bangladesh there are estimated to be 400,0006

Estimated Rate of Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Bangladesh the rate of illicit firearms per 100 people is estimated to be 0.284

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Bangladesh are reported to have 252,7007 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Bangladesh are reported to have 389,5168 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

In Bangladesh, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2000: 1,5189

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

In Bangladesh, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2000: 1.154

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Bangladesh, annual homicides by any means total

2012: 4,16910
2010: 3,98810 11 12
2009: 4,21913 10 11
2008: 4,099
2007: 3,863
2006: 4,166
2005: 3,592
2004: 3,90210 11
2003: 3,47110
2002: 3,503
2001: 3,678
2000: 3,343

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Bangladesh, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2012: 2.710
2010: 2.610 11 12
2009: 2.744 10 11
2008: 2.714 14 10 11
2007: 2.59
2006: 2.844 10 11
2005: 2.49
2004: 2.810 11
2003: 2.510
2002: 2.6
2001: 2.7
2000: 2.510 11

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

In Bangladesh, annual male homicides by any means total

2010: 2,52015

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

In Bangladesh, annual female homicides by any means total

2010: 1,46815

Gun Homicides

In Bangladesh, annual firearm homicides total

2000: 1,45611

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

In Bangladesh, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2000: 1.111

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

In Bangladesh, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2000: 43.6%11

Suicides (any method)

In Bangladesh, annual suicides by any means total

2000: 1,4799

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In Bangladesh, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2000: 1.019

Gun Suicides

In Bangladesh, annual firearm suicides total

2000: 189

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

In Bangladesh, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2000: 0.019

Unintentional Gun Deaths

In Bangladesh, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2000: 449

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

In Bangladesh, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2000: 0.039

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Bangladesh, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence16

Home-made Guns

In Bangladesh, the prevalence of illicit craft, or 'home-made' firearm manufacture is reported to be moderate17 18

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Bangladesh, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law19 20

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Bangladesh is reported by Customs to be US$19221 (2011)

Firearm Imports

In Bangladesh, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law19 20

Firearm Imports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms imported to Bangladesh is reported to be

2017: 1022
2016: 136
2015: 1
2014: 3
2013: 142
2012: 33
2010: 19
2009: 22
2008: 2,637
2007: 17,740
2006: 200

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Bangladesh is reported by Customs to be US$1,020,24621 (2011)

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Bangladesh is high23 24 25

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Bangladesh, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are not specifically regulated by law26

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Bangladesh is categorised as restrictive27

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Bangladesh includes the Arms Act 187828

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Bangladesh are regulated by the regional Deputy Commissioners and the Ministry of Home Affairs29 30

Right to Possess Firearms

In Bangladesh, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law31 32 33

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Bangladesh, civilians are not allowed to possess semi automatic and automatic firearms, as well as firearms of various calibres34

Law Regulates Automatic Weapons

In Bangladesh, civilian possession of automatic weapons is regulated by law12

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Bangladesh, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited34

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Bangladesh, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is prohibited34

Law Regulates Handguns

In Bangladesh, civilian possession of handguns is regulated by law12

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Bangladesh, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law12

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Bangladesh, only licensed gun owners35 36 12 5 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Bangladesh is 25 years for shotguns and 30 years for handguns and rifles5

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Bangladesh must pass a background check which considers undefined12 records

Licensing Records

In Bangladesh, authorities maintain a record37 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Bangladesh are permitted to possess one long gun and one handgun at a time, but not two long guns or two handguns30

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Bangladesh, the law requires37 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Bangladesh, licensed firearm dealers are required38 37 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Bangladesh, State agencies are required39 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Bangladesh, the private sale and transfer of firearms is permitted16

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Bangladesh, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful16

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Bangladesh include38 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Bangladesh include40 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Bangladesh, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law37

Firearm Tracing

In Bangladesh, state authorities carry out37 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Bangladesh, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law12

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in Bangladesh are known to have41 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Small Arms Destroyed

In Bangladesh, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be 4,70042 (2002-2003) and 1,94041 (2004)

MeasuresInternational Controls

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 200843 by Bangladesh.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has been signed, but not yet ratified44 by Bangladesh

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has not been signed45 by Bangladesh

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Bangladesh committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects46

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Bangladesh against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 11847 48 49 50 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Bangladesh has submitted one or more national reports51 52 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Bangladesh, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated53 52

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Bangladesh submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was not apparent52

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated52 by Bangladesh to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided52 to Bangladesh by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Bangladesh has declared54 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Bangladesh has been a Member State of the United Nations since 197455

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list56 Bangladesh as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Bangladesh, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Bangladesh ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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