Find Gun Policy Facts

Armed violence prevention, gun control laws and the small arms trade:

Switch Language

Bangladesh — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Bangladesh is 700,0001

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) in Bangladesh is 0.51 firearms per 100 people

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Bangladesh ranked at No. 662

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Bangladesh ranked at No. 1691

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

The number of licensed gun owners in Bangladesh is reported to be 185,0003

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

The rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Bangladesh is 1.284

Number of Registered Firearms

The number of registered guns in Bangladesh is reported to be 185,0002

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

The rate of registered guns per 100 people in Bangladesh is 1.284

Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Bangladesh there are estimated to be 400,0005

Estimated Rate of Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Bangladesh there are estimated to be 0.284 illicit firearms per 100 people

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Bangladesh are reported to have 252,7006 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Bangladesh are reported to have 389,5167 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Bangladesh, annual homicides by any means total

2010: 3,9888
2009: 4,2199 8
2008: 4,099
2007: 3,863
2006: 4,166
2005: 3,592
2004: 3,9028

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Bangladesh, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2010: 2.78
2009: 2.744 8
2008: 2.714 10 8
2007: 2.59
2006: 2.844 8
2005: 2.49
2004: 2.88
2000: 2.6

Gun Homicides

In Bangladesh, annual firearm homicides total 2000: 1,4568

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

In Bangladesh, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is 2000: 1.18

Suicides (any method)

In Bangladesh, annual suicides by any means total 2000: 1,47911

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In Bangladesh, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is 2000: 1.0111

Gun Suicides

In Bangladesh, annual firearm suicides total 2000: 1811

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

In Bangladesh, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is 2000: 0.0111

Unintentional Gun Deaths

In Bangladesh, annual unintentional shooting deaths total 2000: 4411

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

In Bangladesh, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is 2000: 0.0311

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Bangladesh, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence12

Home-made Guns

In Bangladesh the prevalence of illicit craft, or 'home-made' firearm manufacture is reported to be moderate13

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Regulation of Firearm Exports

In Bangladesh, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law14 15

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Bangladesh is reported by Customs to be US$19216 (2011)

Regulation of Firearm Imports

In Bangladesh, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law14 15

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Bangladesh is reported by Customs to be US$1,020,24616 (2011)

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Bangladesh includes the Arms Act 187817

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Bangladesh are regulated by the Government18

Right to Possess Firearms

In Bangladesh, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law19

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Bangladesh, only licensed gun owners20 21 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Licensing Records

In Bangladesh, authorities maintain a record22 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Bangladesh, the law requires22 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Bangladesh, licensed firearm dealers are required18 22 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Bangladesh, State agencies are required23 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Bangladesh, the private sale and transfer of firearms is permitted12

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Bangladesh, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful12

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Bangladesh include18 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Bangladesh include24 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Bangladesh, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law22

Firearm Tracing

In Bangladesh, state authorities carry out22 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in Bangladesh are known to have25 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Small Arms Destroyed

In Bangladesh, the total number of firearms destroyed following recent amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be 4,70026 (2002-2003) and 1,94025 (2004)

MeasuresInternational Controls

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 200827 by Bangladesh.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has been signed, but not yet ratified28 by Bangladesh

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has not been signed29 by Bangladesh

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Bangladesh committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects30

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Bangladesh has submitted one or more national reports31 32 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Bangladesh, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated33 32

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated32 by Bangladesh to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided32 to Bangladesh by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Bangladesh has declared34 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Bangladesh has been a Member State of the United Nations since 197435

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list36 Bangladesh as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Bangladesh, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Bangladesh ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


Short References

1.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms - Annexe online.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q5)Full Citation

2.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q4)Full Citation

3.

Kafi, Sharif A.2005.‘Illegal Use of Legally Held Small Arms.’ Illegal Small Arms and Human Insecurity in Bangladesh.Dhaka:Bangladesh Development Partnership Centre / BDPC,1 November. (Q2938)Full Citation

4.

GunPolicy.org.2011.‘Calculated Rates – Bangladesh.’ Historical Population Data – USCB International Data Base.Suitland, MD:US Census Bureau Population Division,17 March. (Q4203)Full Citation

5.

Kafi, Sharif A.2005.‘Availability of Small Arms.’ Illegal Small Arms and Human Insecurity in Bangladesh.Dhaka:Bangladesh Development Partnership Centre / BDPC,1 November. (Q2939)Full Citation

6.

Karp, Aaron.2006.‘Trickle and Torrent: State stockpiles.’ Small Arms Survey 2006: Unfinished Business.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q6)Full Citation

7.

Karp, Aaron.2006.‘Trickle and Torrent: State stockpiles.’ Small Arms Survey 2006: Unfinished Business.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q7)Full Citation

8.

UNODC.2013.‘Homicide in 207 Countries - Bangladesh.’ Global Study on Homicide 2011: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,26 June. (Q6271)Full Citation

9.

Bangladesh.2010.‘Murder.’ Crime Statistics (Number of registered cases from 2005 to 2009).Dhaka:Bangladesh Police,12 September. (Q2466)Full Citation

10.

Petrini, Benjamin.2011.‘South Asia, 1995-2008, Total Recorded Intentional Homicide, Completed, Rate per 100,000 Population.’ World Bank Homicide Rate Dataset 1995-2008.Washington DC:Social Development Department, World Bank,10 February. (Q3815)Full Citation

11.

Jackson, Thomas.2005.‘Global Gun Deaths.’ NISAT Firearm Mortality Database 2005.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,1 January. (Q12)Full Citation

12.

Bangladesh.1991.‘Unlicensed Manufacture, Conversion and Sale Prohibited.’ Arms Act, 1878 (Act No. XI OF 1878).Dhaka:Ministry of Law, Justice and Parliamentary Affairs,1 January. (Q2166)Full Citation

13.

Kafi, Sharif A.2005.‘Local Manufacturing of Small Arms.’ Illegal Small Arms and Human Insecurity in Bangladesh.Dhaka:Bangladesh Development Partnership Centre / BDPC,1 November. (Q2937)Full Citation

14.

Bangladesh.1991.‘Unlicensed Importation and Exportation Prohibited.’ Arms Act, 1878 (Act No. XI OF 1878).Dhaka:Ministry of Law, Justice and Parliamentary Affairs,1 January. (Q2167)Full Citation

15.

IANSA.2006.‘Reviewing Action on Small Arms 2006: Assessing the first five years of the UN Programme of Action.’ Biting the Bullet 'Red Book' 2006.New York:International Action Network on Small Arms and the Biting the Bullet project,26 June. (Q82)Full Citation

16.

Marsh, Nicholas.2013.‘Database of Authorised Transfers of Small Arms and Light Weapons.’ NISAT Small Arms Trade Database.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,14 February. (Q16)Full Citation

17.

Bangladesh.1991.‘Arrangement of Sections, Preliminary, Short Title and Interpretation.’ Arms Act, 1878 (Act No. XI OF 1878).Dhaka:Ministry of Law, Justice and Parliamentary Affairs,1 January. (Q2165)Full Citation

18.

Bangladesh.1991.‘Power to Make Rule as to Licenses.’ Arms Act, 1878 (Act No. XI OF 1878).Dhaka:Ministry of Law, Justice and Parliamentary Affairs,1 January. (Q2172)Full Citation

19.

Bangladesh.1991.‘Arrangement of Sections, Preliminary, Short Title and Interpretation.’ Arms Act, 1878 (Act No. XI OF 1878).Dhaka:Ministry of Law, Justice and Parliamentary Affairs,1 January. (Q4068)Full Citation

20.

Bangladesh.1991.‘Prohibition of Going Armed Without a Licence.’ Arms Act, 1878 (Act No. XI OF 1878).Dhaka:Ministry of Law, Justice and Parliamentary Affairs,1 January. (Q2170)Full Citation

21.

Bangladesh.1991.‘Unlicensed Possession of Firearms, etc..’ Arms Act, 1878 (Act No. XI OF 1878).Dhaka:Ministry of Law, Justice and Parliamentary Affairs,1 January. (Q2171)Full Citation

22.

Bangladesh.2010.‘Implementation of PoA on SALW.’ National Report of Bangladesh on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York:Permanent Mission of Bangladesh to the United Nations,1 January. (Q4645)Full Citation

23.

Bangladesh.2010.‘Stockpile Management.’ National Report of Bangladesh on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York:Permanent Mission of Bangladesh to the United Nations,1 January. (Q4646)Full Citation

24.

Bangladesh.1991.‘Power to Prohibit Transport.’ Arms Act, 1878 (Act No. XI OF 1878).Dhaka:Ministry of Law, Justice and Parliamentary Affairs,1 January. (Q2169)Full Citation

25.

Jackson, Thomas, Nicholas Marsh, Taylor Owen and Ann Thurin.2005.‘Who Takes the Bullet? The impact of small arms violence.’ Understanding the Issues (Norwegian Church Aid series).Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers / NISAT / PRIO,1 March. (Q2934)Full Citation

26.

Cukier, Wendy and Victor W Sidel.2006.‘Elements of Firearm Regulation: Deterrence measures and law enforcement.’ The Global Gun Epidemic: From Saturday Night Specials to AK-47s.Westport, CT:Praeger Security International,1 January. (Q2932)Full Citation

27.

GDAV.2006.‘Geneva Declaration.’ Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development.Geneva:Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development Secretariat,7 June. (Q7162)Full Citation

28.

UNODA.2013.‘Towards Entry Into Force.’ Arms Trade Treaty.New York NY:United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,2 April. (Q7226)Full Citation

29.

UNGA.2001.‘United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition.’ UN General Assembly Resolution 55/255.New York:UN General Assembly,31 May. (Q17)Full Citation

30.

UNGA.2001.‘Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects.’ United Nations General Assembly.New York:UN General Assembly,20 July. (Q18)Full Citation

31.

Cattaneo, Silvia and Sarah Parker.2008.‘Reporting, NPCs and NCAs, 2002 to 2008.’ Implementing the United Nations Programme of Action on Small Arms and Light Weapons: Analysis of the National Reports submitted by States from 2002 to 2008.Geneva:United Nations Development Programme,1 November. (Q20)Full Citation

32.

UNODA.2009.‘PoA-ISS Country Profiles.’ UN small arms Programme of Action (UNPoA) – Implementation Support System.New York:United Nations Office of Disarmament Affairs,29 October. (Q1309)Full Citation

33.

IANSA.2006.‘Reviewing Action on Small Arms 2006: Assessing the first five years of the UN Programme of Action.’ Biting the Bullet 'Red Book' 2006.New York:International Action Network on Small Arms and the Biting the Bullet project,26 June. (Q166)Full Citation

34.

UNODA.2011.‘National Reports on Small Arms Exports.’ United Nations Register of Conventional Arms - The Global Reported Arms Trade.New York:United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,21 October. (Q14)Full Citation

35.

UN.2013.‘Member States of the United Nations.’ UN.org Web Site.New York:United Nations General Assembly,7 April. (Q290)Full Citation

36.

Wassenaar Arrangement.1996.‘Introduction: Participating States.’ Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies.Vienna:Wassenaar Secretariat,12 July. (Q19)Full Citation