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Bahrain — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Bahrain is 180,0001

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) in Bahrain is 24.81 firearms per 100 people

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Bahrain ranked at No. 1202

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Bahrain ranked at No. 181

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Bahrain are reported to have 7,0003 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Bahrain are reported to have 12,6004 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Bahrain, annual homicides by any means total

2011: 75
2010: 11
2009: 13
2008: 6
2007: 4
2006: 76
2005: 4
2004: 77
2003: 3

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Bahrain, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.55
2010: 0.9
2009: 1.1
2008: 0.65 8
2007: 0.4
2006: 0.956 5
2005: 0.55
2004: 1.017 5
2003: 0.5
2001: 0.95
2000: 1.6
1999: 0.6
1998: 0.6
1997: 0.7

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Bahrain, annual firearm homicides total

2008: 05
2007: 1

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Bahrain, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2008: 0.05
2007: 0.1

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Regulation of Firearm Exports

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Bahrain is reported by Customs to be US$46,8149 (2011)

Regulation of Firearm Imports

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Bahrain is reported by Customs to be US$157,9189 (2011)

MeasuresGun Regulation

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Bahrain, only licensed gun owners10 11 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Firearm Registration

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Bahrain, licensed firearm dealers are required11 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Bahrain, State agencies are required11 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Bahrain, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law12

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

League of Arab States

As a member of the League of Arab States, Bahrain adopted the Arab Model Law on Weapons, Ammunitions, Explosives and Hazardous Material in January 200213

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was not signed14 by Bahrain.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has been signed, but not yet ratified15 by Bahrain

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has not been signed16 by Bahrain

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Bahrain committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects17

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Bahrain has submitted one or more national reports18 12 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Bahrain, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has not been designated12

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Bahrain, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has not been designated12

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Bahrain submitted to the UN, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities is not apparent12

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated12 by Bahrain to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Bahrain has not declared19 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Bahrain has been a Member State of the United Nations since 197120

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list21 Bahrain as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Bahrain, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Bahrain ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


Short References

1.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms - Annexe online.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q5)Full Citation

2.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q4)Full Citation

3.

Karp, Aaron.2006.‘Trickle and Torrent: State stockpiles.’ Small Arms Survey 2006: Unfinished Business.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q6)Full Citation

4.

Karp, Aaron.2006.‘Trickle and Torrent: State stockpiles.’ Small Arms Survey 2006: Unfinished Business.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q7)Full Citation

5.

UNODC.2013.‘Homicide in 207 Countries - Bahrain.’ Global Study on Homicide 2011: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,26 June. (Q6269)Full Citation

6.

UNODC.2008.‘Recorded Intentional Homicide, Completed.’ Tenth United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (2005-2006).Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,10 December. (Q10)Full Citation

7.

UNODC.2006.‘Reported Overall Homicide Numbers and Rates per 100,000 Population for 64 Countries, 2003-04.’ Ninth United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (2003 – 2004).Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,10 December. (Q9)Full Citation

8.

Petrini, Benjamin.2011.‘Middle East and North Africa, 1995-2008, Total Recorded Intentional Homicide, Completed, Rate per 100,000 Population.’ World Bank Homicide Rate Dataset 1995-2008.Washington DC:Social Development Department, World Bank,10 February. (Q3813)Full Citation

9.

Marsh, Nicholas.2013.‘Database of Authorised Transfers of Small Arms and Light Weapons.’ NISAT Small Arms Trade Database.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,14 February. (Q16)Full Citation

10.

United Nations.1999.‘Analysis of Country Responses.’ United Nations International Study on Firearm Regulation.Vienna:UN Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Division,30 August. (Q1)Full Citation

11.

Bahrain.2011.‘Control and Numbering of Public Security Force Weapons.’ National Report of Bahrain on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York:Permanent Mission of Bahrain to the United Nations,5 April. (Q4644)Full Citation

12.

UNODA.2009.‘PoA-ISS Country Profiles.’ UN small arms Programme of Action (UNPoA) – Implementation Support System.New York:United Nations Office of Disarmament Affairs,29 October. (Q1309)Full Citation

13.

League of Arab States / UNODA.2002.‘Arab Model Law on Weapons, Ammunitions, Explosives and Hazardous Material.’ United Nations Programme of Action Implementation Support System: Regional Organisations.New York:Council of the League of Arab States / United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,1 January. (Q3215)Full Citation

14.

GDAV.2006.‘Geneva Declaration.’ Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development.Geneva:Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development Secretariat,7 June. (Q7162)Full Citation

15.

UNODA.2013.‘Towards Entry Into Force.’ Arms Trade Treaty.New York NY:United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,2 April. (Q7226)Full Citation

16.

UNGA.2001.‘United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition.’ UN General Assembly Resolution 55/255.New York:UN General Assembly,31 May. (Q17)Full Citation

17.

UNGA.2001.‘Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects.’ United Nations General Assembly.New York:UN General Assembly,20 July. (Q18)Full Citation

18.

Cattaneo, Silvia and Sarah Parker.2008.‘Reporting, NPCs and NCAs, 2002 to 2008.’ Implementing the United Nations Programme of Action on Small Arms and Light Weapons: Analysis of the National Reports submitted by States from 2002 to 2008.Geneva:United Nations Development Programme,1 November. (Q20)Full Citation

19.

UNODA.2011.‘National Reports on Small Arms Exports.’ United Nations Register of Conventional Arms - The Global Reported Arms Trade.New York:United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,21 October. (Q14)Full Citation

20.

UN.2013.‘Member States of the United Nations.’ UN.org Web Site.New York:United Nations General Assembly,7 April. (Q290)Full Citation

21.

Wassenaar Arrangement.1996.‘Introduction: Participating States.’ Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies.Vienna:Wassenaar Secretariat,12 July. (Q19)Full Citation