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Azerbaijan — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Azerbaijan is 290,0001

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) in Azerbaijan is 3.51 firearms per 100 people

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

In Azerbaijan, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be 33,2502

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Azerbaijan ranked at No. 1043

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Azerbaijan ranked at No. 1151

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

The number of licensed gun owners in Azerbaijan is reported to be 33,5002

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

The rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Azerbaijan is 0.434

Number of Registered Firearms

The number of registered guns in Azerbaijan is reported to be 33,5002

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

The rate of registered guns per 100 people in Azerbaijan is 0.434

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Azerbaijan are reported to have 916,2255 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Azerbaijan are reported to have 14,0006 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

In Azerbaijan, annual deaths resulting from firearms total 2007: 67

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

In Azerbaijan, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is 2007: 0.077

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Azerbaijan, annual homicides by any means total

2011: 2318
2010: 2069
2008: 192
2007: 189
2006: 19010
2005: 192
2004: 15711 12
2003: 213
2002: 21511 13
2001: 210
2000: 22614
1999: 242
1998: 280
1997: 28415
1996: 400
1995: 443

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Azerbaijan, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2011: 2.548
2010: 2.29
2008: 2.1
2007: 2.1016 9
2006: 2.2610
2005: 2.30
2004: 1.8911 12 9
2003: 2.59
2002: 2.6311 13 9
2001: 2.59
2000: 2.8114 9
1999: 3.03
1998: 3.54
1997: 3.7415 9
1996: 5.29
1995: 5.90

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Azerbaijan, annual firearm homicides total

2008: 119
2007: 317 9
2006: 189
2005: 17
2004: 16
2003: 14
2002: 12013
2001: 140
2000: 1814
1999: 14
1998: 12
1997: 16915
1996: 250
1995: 384

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Azerbaijan, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2008: 0.19
2007: 0.0417 9
2006: 0.29
2005: 0.2
2004: 0.2
2003: 0.2
2002: 1.4713
2001: 1.73
2000: 0.2214
1999: 0.18
1998: 0.15
1997: 2.2215
1996: 3.31
1995: 5.11

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun (WHO)

The World Health Organisation estimates the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm in Azerbaijan to be 2011: 12%8

Gun Homicides (Other)

In Azerbaijan, annual gun homicides (other) total 2007: 317

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

In Azerbaijan, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is 2007: 0.0417

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Azerbaijan, annual suicides by any means total

2004: 10818
2003: 109
2002: 92
2001: 317
1999: 5419

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Azerbaijan, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2004: 1.3018
2003: 1.57
2002: 1.13
2001: 3.91
1999: 5419

Gun Suicides

In Azerbaijan, annual firearm suicides total 2007: 120

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

In Azerbaijan, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is 2007: 0.0120

Gun Suicides (Other)

In Azerbaijan, annual gun suicides (other) total 2007: 120

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

In Azerbaijan, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is 2007: 0.0120

Unintentional Gun Deaths

In Azerbaijan, annual unintentional shooting deaths total 2007: 221

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

In Azerbaijan, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is 2007: 0.0221

Unintentional Handgun Deaths

In Azerbaijan, annual unintentional shooting deaths by handgun total 2007: 121

Rate of Unintentional Handgun Death per 100,000 People

In Azerbaijan, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by handgun per 100,000 population is 2007: 0.0121

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

In Azerbaijan, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total 2007: 121

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

In Azerbaijan, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is 2007: 0.0121

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Azerbaijan, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence,22 23 but not conducted in practice2

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Regulation of Firearm Exports

In Azerbaijan, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law24 25 26

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Azerbaijan is reported by Customs to be US$027 (2011)

Regulation of Firearm Imports

In Azerbaijan, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law24 25 26 28

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Azerbaijan is reported by Customs to be US$1,774,29327 (2011)

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Azerbaijan is negligible2 29

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Azerbaijan is categorised as restrictive30

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Azerbaijan are regulated by the National Assembly and the Ministry of the Interior31 25 26 32 33

Right to Possess Firearms

In Azerbaijan, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law34

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Azerbaijan, civilians are not allowed to possess long guns and handguns2

Law Regulates Automatic Weapons

In Azerbaijan, civilian possession of automatic weapons is regulated by law8

Regulation of Handguns

In Azerbaijan, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is prohibited2 8

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Azerbaijan, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law8

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Azerbaijan, only licensed gun owners35 8 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Azerbaijan are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, target shooting, collection, personal protection and security2

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Azerbaijan must pass a background check which considers criminal and mental2 8 records

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Azerbaijan does not stipulate2 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Azerbaijan, the law requires36 37 28 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Azerbaijan, licensed firearm dealers are required36 37 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Azerbaijan, licensed gun makers are required36 28 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Azerbaijan, State agencies are required36 37 28 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Azerbaijan, the private sale and transfer of firearms is permitted with Ministry of Internal Affairs permission37

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Azerbaijan include35 38 23 33 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Azerbaijan include35 38 23 33 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Azerbaijan include35 23 33 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Azerbaijan include32 23 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Azerbaijan, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law22

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Azerbaijan, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are not22 39 recorded in a register

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Azerbaijan, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law8

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Azerbaijan, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm40 is up to 3 years prison or corrective work for up to 2 years41 42

MeasuresInternational Controls

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was not signed43 by Azerbaijan.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has not been signed44 by Azerbaijan

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified45 by Azerbaijan

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Azerbaijan committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects46

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Azerbaijan against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 10747 48 49 50 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Azerbaijan has submitted one or more national reports51 52 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Azerbaijan, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated52

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Azerbaijan, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has not been designated53 52

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated52 by Azerbaijan to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided52 to Azerbaijan by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Azerbaijan has not declared54 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Azerbaijan has been a Member State of the United Nations since 199255

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list56 Azerbaijan as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Azerbaijan, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Azerbaijan ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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