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Austria — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Austria is 2,500,0001

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) in Austria is 30.41 firearms per 100 people

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Austria ranked at No. 312

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Austria ranked at No. 141

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

The number of licensed gun owners in Austria is reported to be 330,0003

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

The rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Austria is 4.084

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Austria are reported to have 512,1005 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Austria are reported to have 29,3826 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Austria, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2011: 2167 8 9
2010: 24710
2009: 2357 8 11 9
2008: 215
2007: 2107 8 11
2006: 2427 8 11 9
2005: 249
2004: 2297 8 11
2003: 245
2002: 2807 8 11 9
2001: 2817 8 11
2000: 301
1999: 2937 8 11 9

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2011: 2.634
2010: 2.9410
2009: 2.864
2008: 2.62
2007: 2.56
2006: 2.95
2005: 3.04
2004: 2.80
2003: 3.00
2002: 3.44
2001: 3.46
2000: 3.71
1999: 3.62

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Austria, annual homicides by any means total

2011: 7112
2010: 53
2009: 43
2008: 45
2007: 45
2006: 61
2005: 54
2004: 59
2003: 50
2002: 65
2001: 70
2000: 82
1999: 6012 13
1998: 77
1997: 66
1996: 99
1995: 82

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.812
2010: 0.6
2009: 0.5
2008: 0.5
2007: 0.5
2006: 0.7
2005: 0.7
2004: 0.7
2003: 0.6
2002: 0.8
2001: 0.9
2000: 1.0
1999: 0.8
1998: 1.0
1997: 0.8
1996: 1.2
1995: 1.0
1994: 1.1714

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Austria, annual firearm homicides total

2011: 87
2010: 15
2009: 20
2008: 14
2007: 13
2006: 107 12
2005: 13
2004: 137
2003: 16
2002: 137 12
2001: 15
2000: 257
1999: 17

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.107
2010: 0.18
2009: 0.24
2008: 0.17
2007: 0.16
2006: 0.127 12
2005: 0.16
2004: 0.167
2003: 0.2
2002: 0.167 12
2001: 0.19
2000: 0.317
1999: 0.21

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn Austria, annual handgun homicides total

2010: 17
2009: 6
2008: 1
2007: 3
2006: 1
2005: 5
2003: 4
2002: 3

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.017
2009: 0.07
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.04
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.06
2003: 0.05
2002: 0.04

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn Austria, annual long gun homicides total

2006: 17
2005: 1
2004: 4
2003: 1

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2006: 0.017
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.05
2003: 0.01

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Austria, annual gun homicides (other) total

2011: 87
2010: 14
2009: 14
2008: 13
2007: 10
2006: 8
2005: 7
2004: 9
2003: 11
2002: 10

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.107
2010: 0.17
2009: 0.17
2008: 0.16
2007: 0.12
2006: 0.10
2005: 0.09
2004: 0.11
2003: 0.14
2002: 0.12

Suicides (any method)

In Austria, annual suicides by any means total 1999: 1,55515

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

1999: 19.1615
1994: 22.1216

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Austria, annual firearm suicides total

2011: 2058
2010: 225
2009: 204
2008: 196
2007: 195
2006: 228
2005: 233
2004: 215
2003: 227
2002: 261
2001: 263
2000: 275
1999: 272

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 2.438
2010: 2.68
2009: 2.44
2008: 2.35
2007: 2.35
2006: 2.75
2005: 2.83
2004: 2.63
2003: 2.8
2002: 3.23
2001: 3.27
2000: 3.43
1999: 3.36
1994: 4.0617

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn Austria, annual handgun suicides total

2011: 218
2010: 17
2009: 20
2008: 21
2007: 14
2006: 12
2005: 12
2004: 19
2003: 16
2002: 9

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.258
2010: 0.20
2009: 0.24
2008: 0.25
2007: 0.17
2006: 0.14
2005: 0.15
2004: 0.23
2003: 0.20
2002: 0.11

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn Austria, the number of long gun suicides is

2011: 308
2010: 27
2009: 21
2008: 28
2007: 17
2006: 22
2005: 18
2004: 23
2003: 22
2002: 27

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.368
2010: 0.32
2009: 0.25
2008: 0.34
2007: 0.20
2006: 0.27
2005: 0.22
2004: 0.28
2003: 0.27
2002: 0.33

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn Austria, annual gun suicides (other) total

2011: 1548
2010: 181
2009: 163
2008: 147
2007: 164
2006: 194
2005: 203
2004: 173
2003: 189
2002: 225

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2011: 1.838
2010: 2.16
2009: 1.95
2008: 1.76
2007: 1.97
2006: 2.34
2005: 2.47
2004: 2.12
2003: 2.33
2002: 2.78

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Austria, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2009: 111
2008: 3
2007: 2
2006: 1
2005: 1
2004: 1
2003: 2
2002: 3
2001: 3
2000: 1
1999: 3

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2009: 0.0111
2008: 0.04
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.02
2002: 0.04
2001: 0.04
2000: 0.01
1999: 0.04
1994: 0.0518

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn Austria, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2008: 211
2007: 2
2005: 1
2003: 1
2002: 2

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2008: 0.0211
2007: 0.02
2005: 0.01
2003: 0.01
2002: 0.02

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn Austria, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2009: 111
2008: 1
2006: 1
2004: 1
2003: 1
2002: 1

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2009: 0.0111
2008: 0.01
2006: 0.01
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.01
2002: 0.01

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Austria, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2011: 39
2010: 7
2009: 10
2008: 2
2006: 3
2005: 2
2002: 3
1999: 115

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.049
2010: 0.08
2009: 0.12
2008: 0.02
2006: 0.04
2005: 0.02
2002: 0.04
1999: 0.0115
1994: 0.0219

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Austria, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2009: 39
2006: 2

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2009: 0.049
2006: 0.02

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Austria, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2011: 39
2010: 7
2009: 7
2008: 2
2006: 1
2005: 2
2002: 3

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.049
2010: 0.08
2009: 0.08
2008: 0.02
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.02
2002: 0.04

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Austria, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence3

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, Austria is ranked 'medium'20

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Regulation of Firearm Exports

In Austria, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law21 22 23 24 25 26

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Austria is reported by Customs to be US$44,642,78527 (2011)28 29 30

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Austria is categorized as 'mid-level'31 29

Regulation of Firearm Imports

In Austria, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law21 22 23 24 25

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Austria is reported by Customs to be US$42,554,91427 (2011)32

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Austria is moderate3

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Austria, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law21 33 34

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

In the most recent survey of state transparency in declaring firearm and ammunition exports among major small arms exporting nations, Austria was ranked at No. 1635

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Austria is categorised as permissive36

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Austria includes the Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons,37 38 the European Union Firearms Regulation of 2012, the Common Position on the Control of Arms Brokering of 200339 and the Convention of 1 July 1969 on Reciprocal Recognition of Proofmarks on Small Arms40

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Austria are regulated by the Federal Government,3 and the European Commission38

Right to Possess Firearms

In Austria, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law41

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Austria, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic firearms, firearms disguised as other objects, and armour-piercing, incendiary and expanding ammunition42 43

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Austria, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited42 43

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Austria, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted only with special authorisation44 45 43

Regulation of Handguns

In Austria, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted only with special authorisation42 44 45 43

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Austria, only licensed gun owners (for handguns)46 42 44 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Austria are required to prove genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example, hunting, target shooting, collection, personal protection, security47

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Austria is 18 years, and 21 years for handguns47

Gun Licence Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Austria must pass a background check which considers criminal and mental47 records

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Austria does not stipulate3 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Austria are permitted to possess only ammunition suitable for the intended firearm48

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Austria, the law requires49 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Austria, licensed firearm dealers are required50 49 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Austria, licensed gun makers are required50 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Austria, State agencies are required51 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Austria, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful52 45

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Austria include3 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Austria include3 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Austria, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law53 54

Firearm Tracing

In Austria, state authorities carry out54 49 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Austria, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit3

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

European Union

As a member of the European Union, Austria is bound by the provisions of the ‘EU Firearms Directive’ – the 2007 Legislative Resolution on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons of the European Parliament55 56

European Union Export Reporting

Under the European Union Common Position on Arms Exports, Austria is bound to declare its transfers of military technology and equipment. Independent monitoring provides detailed comparisons of arms export reporting compliance across EU member states, and records that Austria has submitted one or more national reports57 on its arms transfers

United Nations Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice

At the resumption of the most recent session of the UN Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice (UNCCPCJ), a subsidiary body of the Economic and Social Council mandated to promote action to prevent national and transnational crime, Austria was listed as an elected member for a three-year term of office58

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 200659 by Austria.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified60 by Austria

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified61 by Austria

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Austria committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects62

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Austria against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 3863 64 65 66 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Austria has submitted one or more national reports67 68 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Austria, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated69 68

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Austria, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has not been designated69 68

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been donated68 by Austria to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Austria has declared70 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Austria has been a Member State of the United Nations since 195571

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies lists72 Austria as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Global Peace Index

To see where Austria ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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