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Austria — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Austria is 2,500,0001

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) in Austria is 30.41 firearms per 100 people

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Austria ranked at No. 312

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Austria ranked at No. 141

Proportion of Households with Firearms

ChartIn Austria, the percentage of households with one or more guns is reported to be

2004/05: 15.1%3
1995/98: 15.3%

Proportion of Households with Handguns

ChartIn Austria, the percentage of households with one or more handguns is reported to be

2004/05: 5.6%3
1995/98: 8.1%

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

The number of licensed gun owners in Austria is reported to be 330,0004

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

The rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Austria is 4.085

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Austria are reported to have 512,1006 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Austria are reported to have 29,3827 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Austria, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 2508 9 10 11
2013: 244
2012: 2308 9 11 12
2011: 2168 9 11
2010: 24713
2009: 2358 9 10 11
2008: 215
2007: 2108 9 10
2006: 2428 9 10 11
2005: 249
2004: 2298 9 10
2003: 245
2002: 2808 9 10 11
2001: 2818 9 10
2000: 301
1999: 2938 9 10 11

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 2.905
2013: 2.85
2012: 2.705 12
2011: 2.555
2010: 2.9213
2009: 2.795
2008: 2.56
2007: 2.51
2006: 2.90
2005: 2.99
2004: 2.77
2003: 2.98
2002: 3.42
2001: 3.45
2000: 3.71
1999: 3.62

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Austria, annual homicides by any means total

2012: 7714 15
2011: 7114 16
2010: 53
2009: 43
2008: 45
2007: 45
2006: 61
2005: 54
2004: 59
2003: 50
2002: 65
2001: 70
2000: 82
1999: 6016 17
1998: 77
1997: 66
1996: 99
1995: 82

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.914 15
2011: 0.814 16
2010: 0.6
2009: 0.5
2008: 0.5
2007: 0.5
2006: 0.7
2005: 0.7
2004: 0.7
2003: 0.6
2002: 0.8
2001: 0.9
2000: 1.0
1999: 0.816
1998: 1.0
1997: 0.8
1996: 1.2
1995: 1.0
1994: 1.1718

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Austria, annual firearm homicides total

2014: 108
2013: 13
2012: 58 12
2011: 88 14
2010: 15
2009: 20
2008: 14
2007: 13
2006: 108 14 16
2005: 13
2004: 138
2003: 16
2002: 138 16
2001: 15
2000: 258
1999: 17

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.128
2013: 0.15
2012: 0.068 12
2011: 0.108 5
2010: 0.18
2009: 0.24
2008: 0.17
2007: 0.16
2006: 0.128 5 16
2005: 0.16
2004: 0.168
2003: 0.2
2002: 0.168 16
2001: 0.19
2000: 0.318
1999: 0.21

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Austria, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2012: 14%15
2011: 10%14
2010: 9%
2009: 9%
2008: 7%
2007: 11%
2006: 11%
2005: 8%
2002: 38.5%16
2001: 31.4%

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn Austria, annual handgun homicides total

2014: 18
2012: 1
2010: 1
2009: 6
2008: 1
2007: 3
2006: 1
2005: 5
2003: 4
2002: 3

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.018
2012: 0.01
2010: 0.01
2009: 0.07
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.04
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.06
2003: 0.05
2002: 0.04

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn Austria, annual long gun homicides total

2012: 18
2006: 1
2005: 1
2004: 4
2003: 1

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.018
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.05
2003: 0.01

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Austria, annual gun homicides (other) total

2014: 98
2013: 12
2012: 3
2011: 8
2010: 14
2009: 14
2008: 13
2007: 10
2006: 8
2005: 7
2004: 9
2003: 11
2002: 10

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.118
2013: 0.14
2012: 0.04
2011: 0.10
2010: 0.17
2009: 0.17
2008: 0.16
2007: 0.12
2006: 0.10
2005: 0.09
2004: 0.11
2003: 0.14
2002: 0.12

Suicides (any method)

In Austria, annual suicides by any means total

1999: 1,55519

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

1999: 19.1619
1994: 22.1220

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Austria, annual firearm suicides total

2014: 2309
2013: 218
2012: 2179 12
2011: 2059
2010: 225
2009: 204
2008: 196
2007: 195
2006: 228
2005: 233
2004: 215
2003: 227
2002: 261
2001: 263
2000: 275
1999: 272

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 2.699
2013: 2.57
2012: 2.589 12
2011: 2.449
2010: 2.69
2009: 2.44
2008: 2.35
2007: 2.35
2006: 2.75
2005: 2.83
2004: 2.63
2003: 2.8
2002: 3.23
2001: 3.27
2000: 3.43
1999: 3.36
1994: 4.0621

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn Austria, annual handgun suicides total

2014: 169
2013: 11
2012: 13
2011: 21
2010: 17
2009: 20
2008: 21
2007: 14
2006: 12
2005: 12
2004: 19
2003: 16
2002: 9

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.199
2013: 0.13
2012: 0.15
2011: 0.25
2010: 0.20
2009: 0.24
2008: 0.25
2007: 0.17
2006: 0.14
2005: 0.15
2004: 0.23
2003: 0.20
2002: 0.11

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn Austria, the number of long gun suicides is

2014: 229
2013: 22
2012: 33
2011: 30
2010: 27
2009: 21
2008: 28
2007: 17
2006: 22
2005: 18
2004: 23
2003: 22
2002: 27

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.269
2013: 0.26
2012: 0.39
2011: 0.36
2010: 0.32
2009: 0.25
2008: 0.34
2007: 0.20
2006: 0.27
2005: 0.22
2004: 0.28
2003: 0.27
2002: 0.33

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn Austria, annual gun suicides (other) total

2014: 1929
2013: 185
2012: 171
2011: 154
2010: 181
2009: 163
2008: 147
2007: 164
2006: 194
2005: 203
2004: 173
2003: 189
2002: 225

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 2.259
2013: 2.18
2012: 2.03
2011: 1.84
2010: 2.16
2009: 1.95
2008: 1.77
2007: 1.98
2006: 2.35
2005: 2.47
2004: 2.12
2003: 2.33
2002: 2.78

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Austria, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2014: 210
2013: 2
2009: 1
2008: 3
2007: 2
2006: 1
2005: 1
2004: 1
2003: 2
2002: 3
2001: 3
2000: 1
1999: 3

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0210
2013: 0.02
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.04
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.02
2002: 0.04
2001: 0.04
2000: 0.01
1999: 0.04
1994: 0.0522

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn Austria, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2014: 210
2013: 1
2008: 2
2007: 2
2005: 1
2003: 1
2002: 2

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0210
2013: 0.01
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.02
2005: 0.01
2003: 0.01
2002: 0.02

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn Austria, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2013: 110
2009: 1
2008: 1
2006: 1
2004: 1
2003: 1
2002: 1

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0110
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.01
2006: 0.01
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.01
2002: 0.01

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Austria, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 811
2013: 11
2012: 811 12
2011: 311
2010: 7
2009: 10
2008: 2
2006: 3
2005: 2
2002: 3
1999: 119

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0911
2013: 0.13
2012: 0.0911 5
2011: 0.0411
2010: 0.08
2009: 0.12
2008: 0.02
2006: 0.04
2005: 0.02
2002: 0.04
1999: 0.0119
1994: 0.0223

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Austria, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 111
2013: 2
2012: 1
2009: 3
2006: 2

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0111
2013: 0.02
2012: 0.01
2009: 0.04
2006: 0.02

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Austria, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 111
2012: 2

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0111
2012: 0.02

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Austria, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 611
2013: 9
2012: 5
2011: 3
2010: 7
2009: 7
2008: 2
2006: 1
2005: 2
2002: 3

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0711
2013: 0.11
2012: 0.06
2011: 0.04
2010: 0.08
2009: 0.08
2008: 0.02
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.02
2002: 0.04

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Austria, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence24

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, Austria was ranked 'medium'25

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Austria, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Austria is reported by Customs to be US$44,642,78534 (2011)35 36 37 38 39

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Austria was categorized as 'major'40 41 42 43 39 44

Firearm Imports

In Austria, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law26 27 28 29 30 31 32

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Austria is reported by Customs to be US$42,554,91434 (2011)45 46 47 48

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Austria is moderate4

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Austria, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law49 28 50 51

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Austria include52 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

ChartIn its annual Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer, the Small Arms Survey compares public reporting among major arms exporting nations on a scale from strong to weak (25 to zero). In recent years, Austria scored

2016: 10.2553
2014: 10.5054
2013: 14.2555
2012: 13.7556
2011: 12.2557
2010: 12.2558
2009: 12.2559
2008: 12.2560
2007: 11.5061
2006: 11.7562
2005: 10.7563
2004: 8.0064

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Austria is categorised as permissive65

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Austria includes the Weapons Act (Waffengesetz) of 1996,66 the Trade and Industrial Code (Gewerbeordnung) of 2002,24 the War Material Act (Kriegsmaterialgesetz),26 the Foreign Trade Act (Außenwirtschaftsgesetz),49 the Council Directive 91/477/CEE of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons,67 68 the European Union Firearms Regulation of 2012, the Common Position on the Control of Arms Brokering of 200369 and the Convention of 1 July 1969 on Reciprocal Recognition of Proofmarks on Small Arms70

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Austria are regulated by the Federal Government,4 and the European Commission68

Right to Possess Firearms

In Austria, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law71 72

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Austria, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic firearms, firearms disguised as other objects, and armour-piercing, incendiary and expanding ammunition73 74

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Austria, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited73 74 15

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Austria, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted only with special authorisation75 76 74

Regulation of Handguns

In Austria, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted only with special authorisation73 75 76 74 15

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Austria, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law15

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Austria, only licensed gun owners77 73 75 15 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Austria are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, target shooting, collection, personal protection, security78

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Austria is 18 years, or 21 years for handguns78

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Austria must pass a background check which considers criminal and mental health78 15 records

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Austria does not stipulate4 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Austria are permitted to possess only ammunition suitable for the intended firearm79

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Austria, the law requires80 81 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Austria, licensed firearm dealers are required82 81 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Austria, licensed gun makers are required82 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Austria, State agencies are required83 84 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Austria, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful85 76

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Austria include4 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Austria include83 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Austria include4 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Austria, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law86 87

Firearm Tracing

In Austria, state authorities carry out88 87 81 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Austria, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law15

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Austria, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit4

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Austria, it is state policy89 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

European Union

As a member of the European Union, Austria is bound by the provisions of the ‘EU Firearms Directive’ – the 2007 Legislative Resolution on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons of the European Parliament90 91

European Union Export Reporting

Under the European Union Common Position on Arms Exports, Austria is bound to declare its transfers of military technology and equipment. Independent monitoring provides detailed comparisons of arms export reporting compliance across EU member states, and records that Austria has submitted one or more national reports92 on its arms transfers

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 200693 by Austria.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified94 by Austria

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified95 by Austria

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Austria committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects96

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Austria against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 3897 98 99 100 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Austria has submitted one or more national reports101 102 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Austria, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated103 102

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Austria, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated102

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Austria submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was not apparent102

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been donated102 by Austria to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Austria has declared104 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Austria has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1955105

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies lists106 Austria as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Global Peace Index

To see where Austria ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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