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Austria — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Austria is 2,500,0001

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) in Austria is 30.41 firearms per 100 people

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Austria ranked at No. 312

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Austria ranked at No. 141

Proportion of Households with Firearms

ChartIn Austria, the percentage of households with one or more guns is reported to be

2004/05: 15.1%3
1995/98: 15.3%

Proportion of Households with Rifles

In Austria, the percentage of households with one or more rifles is reported to be

2005: 47%4

Proportion of Households with Shotguns

In Austria, the percentage of households with one or more shotguns is reported to be

2005: 34%4

Proportion of Households with Handguns

ChartIn Austria, the percentage of households with one or more handguns is reported to be

2004/05: 5.6%3 4
1995/98: 8.1%

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

The number of licensed gun owners in Austria is reported to be 330,0005

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

The rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Austria is 4.086

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Austria are reported to have 512,1007 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Austria are reported to have 29,3828 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Austria, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2012: 2309
2011: 21610 11 12
2010: 24713
2009: 23510 11 14 12
2008: 215
2007: 21010 11 14
2006: 24210 11 14 12
2005: 249
2004: 22910 11 14
2003: 245
2002: 28010 11 14 12
2001: 28110 11 14
2000: 301
1999: 29310 11 14 12

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2012: 2.79
2011: 2.636
2010: 2.9413
2009: 2.866
2008: 2.62
2007: 2.56
2006: 2.95
2005: 3.04
2004: 2.80
2003: 3.00
2002: 3.44
2001: 3.46
2000: 3.71
1999: 3.62

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Austria, annual homicides by any means total

2012: 7715 16
2011: 7115 17
2010: 53
2009: 43
2008: 45
2007: 45
2006: 61
2005: 54
2004: 59
2003: 50
2002: 65
2001: 70
2000: 82
1999: 6017 18
1998: 77
1997: 66
1996: 99
1995: 82

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.915 16
2011: 0.815 17
2010: 0.6
2009: 0.5
2008: 0.5
2007: 0.5
2006: 0.7
2005: 0.7
2004: 0.7
2003: 0.6
2002: 0.8
2001: 0.9
2000: 1.0
1999: 0.817
1998: 1.0
1997: 0.8
1996: 1.2
1995: 1.0
1994: 1.1719

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Austria, annual firearm homicides total

2014: 1010
2013: 13
2012: 510 9
2011: 810 15
2010: 15
2009: 20
2008: 14
2007: 13
2006: 1010 15 17
2005: 13
2004: 1310
2003: 16
2002: 1310 17
2001: 15
2000: 2510
1999: 17

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.1210
2013: 0.15
2012: 0.0610 9
2011: 0.1010 6
2010: 0.18
2009: 0.24
2008: 0.17
2007: 0.16
2006: 0.1210 6 17
2005: 0.16
2004: 0.1610
2003: 0.2
2002: 0.1610 17
2001: 0.19
2000: 0.3110
1999: 0.21

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Austria, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2012: 14%16
2011: 10%15
2010: 9%
2009: 9%
2008: 7%
2007: 11%
2006: 11%
2005: 8%
2002: 38.5%17
2001: 31.4%

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn Austria, annual handgun homicides total

2014: 110
2012: 1
2010: 1
2009: 6
2008: 1
2007: 3
2006: 1
2005: 5
2003: 4
2002: 3

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0110
2012: 0.01
2010: 0.01
2009: 0.07
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.04
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.06
2003: 0.05
2002: 0.04

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn Austria, annual long gun homicides total

2012: 110
2006: 1
2005: 1
2004: 4
2003: 1

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.0110
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.05
2003: 0.01

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Austria, annual gun homicides (other) total

2014: 910
2013: 12
2012: 3
2011: 8
2010: 14
2009: 14
2008: 13
2007: 10
2006: 8
2005: 7
2004: 9
2003: 11
2002: 10

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.1110
2013: 0.14
2012: 0.04
2011: 0.10
2010: 0.17
2009: 0.17
2008: 0.16
2007: 0.12
2006: 0.10
2005: 0.09
2004: 0.11
2003: 0.14
2002: 0.12

Suicides (any method)

In Austria, annual suicides by any means total

1999: 1,55520

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

1999: 19.1620
1994: 22.1221

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Austria, annual firearm suicides total

2014: 23011
2013: 218
2012: 21711 9
2011: 20511
2010: 225
2009: 204
2008: 196
2007: 195
2006: 228
2005: 233
2004: 215
2003: 227
2002: 261
2001: 263
2000: 275
1999: 272

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 2.6911
2013: 2.57
2012: 2.5811 9
2011: 2.4411
2010: 2.69
2009: 2.44
2008: 2.35
2007: 2.35
2006: 2.75
2005: 2.83
2004: 2.63
2003: 2.8
2002: 3.23
2001: 3.27
2000: 3.43
1999: 3.36
1994: 4.0622

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn Austria, annual handgun suicides total

2014: 1611
2013: 11
2012: 13
2011: 21
2010: 17
2009: 20
2008: 21
2007: 14
2006: 12
2005: 12
2004: 19
2003: 16
2002: 9

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.1911
2013: 0.13
2012: 0.15
2011: 0.25
2010: 0.20
2009: 0.24
2008: 0.25
2007: 0.17
2006: 0.14
2005: 0.15
2004: 0.23
2003: 0.20
2002: 0.11

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn Austria, the number of long gun suicides is

2014: 2211
2013: 22
2012: 33
2011: 30
2010: 27
2009: 21
2008: 28
2007: 17
2006: 22
2005: 18
2004: 23
2003: 22
2002: 27

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.2611
2013: 0.26
2012: 0.39
2011: 0.36
2010: 0.32
2009: 0.25
2008: 0.34
2007: 0.20
2006: 0.27
2005: 0.22
2004: 0.28
2003: 0.27
2002: 0.33

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn Austria, annual gun suicides (other) total

2014: 19211
2013: 185
2012: 171
2011: 154
2010: 181
2009: 163
2008: 147
2007: 164
2006: 194
2005: 203
2004: 173
2003: 189
2002: 225

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 2.2511
2013: 2.18
2012: 2.03
2011: 1.84
2010: 2.16
2009: 1.95
2008: 1.77
2007: 1.98
2006: 2.35
2005: 2.47
2004: 2.12
2003: 2.33
2002: 2.78

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Austria, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2014: 214
2013: 2
2009: 1
2008: 3
2007: 2
2006: 1
2005: 1
2004: 1
2003: 2
2002: 3
2001: 3
2000: 1
1999: 3

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0214
2013: 0.02
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.04
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.02
2002: 0.04
2001: 0.04
2000: 0.01
1999: 0.04
1994: 0.0523

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn Austria, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2014: 214
2013: 1
2008: 2
2007: 2
2005: 1
2003: 1
2002: 2

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0214
2013: 0.01
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.02
2005: 0.01
2003: 0.01
2002: 0.02

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn Austria, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2013: 114
2009: 1
2008: 1
2006: 1
2004: 1
2003: 1
2002: 1

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0114
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.01
2006: 0.01
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.01
2002: 0.01

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Austria, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 812
2013: 11
2012: 812 9
2011: 312
2010: 7
2009: 10
2008: 2
2006: 3
2005: 2
2002: 3
1999: 120

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0912
2013: 0.13
2012: 0.0912 6
2011: 0.0412
2010: 0.08
2009: 0.12
2008: 0.02
2006: 0.04
2005: 0.02
2002: 0.04
1999: 0.0120
1994: 0.0224

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Austria, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 112
2013: 2
2012: 1
2009: 3
2006: 2

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0112
2013: 0.02
2012: 0.01
2009: 0.04
2006: 0.02

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Austria, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 112
2012: 2

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0112
2012: 0.02

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Austria, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 612
2013: 9
2012: 5
2011: 3
2010: 7
2009: 7
2008: 2
2006: 1
2005: 2
2002: 3

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Austria, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0712
2013: 0.11
2012: 0.06
2011: 0.04
2010: 0.08
2009: 0.08
2008: 0.02
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.02
2002: 0.04

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Austria, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence5

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, Austria was ranked 'medium'25

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Regulation of Firearm Exports

In Austria, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law26 27 28 29 30 31

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Austria is reported by Customs to be US$44,642,78532 (2011)33 34 35 36 37

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Austria was categorized as 'major'38 39 40 41 37 42

Regulation of Firearm Imports

In Austria, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law26 27 28 29 30

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Austria is reported by Customs to be US$42,554,91432 (2011)43 44 45 46

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Austria is moderate5

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Austria, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law26 47 48

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

ChartIn its annual Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer, the Small Arms Survey compares public reporting among major arms exporting nations on a scale from strong to weak (25 to zero). In recent years, Austria scored

2016: 10.2549
2014: 10.5050
2013: 14.2551
2012: 13.7552
2011: 12.2553
2010: 12.2554
2009: 12.2555
2008: 12.2556
2007: 11.5057
2006: 11.7558
2005: 10.7559
2004: 8.0060

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Austria is categorised as permissive61

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Austria includes the Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons,62 63 the Weapons Act (Waffengesetz) of 1996,64 the European Union Firearms Regulation of 2012, the Common Position on the Control of Arms Brokering of 200365 and the Convention of 1 July 1969 on Reciprocal Recognition of Proofmarks on Small Arms66

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Austria are regulated by the Federal Government,5 and the European Commission63

Right to Possess Firearms

In Austria, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law67 68

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Austria, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic firearms, firearms disguised as other objects, and armour-piercing, incendiary and expanding ammunition69 70

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Austria, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited69 70 16

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Austria, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted only with special authorisation71 72 70

Regulation of Handguns

In Austria, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted only with special authorisation69 71 72 70 16

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Austria, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law16

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Austria, only licensed gun owners73 69 71 16 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Austria are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, target shooting, collection, personal protection, security74

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Austria is 18 years, or 21 years for handguns74

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Austria must pass a background check which considers criminal and mental health74 16 records

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Austria does not stipulate5 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Austria are permitted to possess only ammunition suitable for the intended firearm75

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Austria, the law requires76 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Austria, licensed firearm dealers are required77 76 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Austria, licensed gun makers are required77 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Austria, State agencies are required78 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Austria, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful79 72

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Austria include5 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Austria include5 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Austria, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law80 81

Firearm Tracing

In Austria, state authorities carry out81 76 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Austria, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law16

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Austria, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit5

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

European Union

As a member of the European Union, Austria is bound by the provisions of the ‘EU Firearms Directive’ – the 2007 Legislative Resolution on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons of the European Parliament82 83

European Union Export Reporting

Under the European Union Common Position on Arms Exports, Austria is bound to declare its transfers of military technology and equipment. Independent monitoring provides detailed comparisons of arms export reporting compliance across EU member states, and records that Austria has submitted one or more national reports84 on its arms transfers

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 200685 by Austria.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified86 by Austria

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified87 by Austria

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Austria committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects88

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Austria against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 3889 90 91 92 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Austria has submitted one or more national reports93 94 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Austria, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated95 94

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Austria, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated94

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Austria submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was not apparent94

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been donated94 by Austria to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Austria has declared96 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Austria has been a Member State of the United Nations since 195597

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies lists98 Austria as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Global Peace Index

To see where Austria ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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