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Australia — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

Federal firearm regulation is limited: each state has its own gun law.
For state and territory comparisons, choose from the 'Go To' menu.

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Australia is 3,050,0001 2

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) in Australia is 15.01 firearms per 100 people

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

There are reportedly 172,4223 handguns in civilian possession in Australia

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Australia ranked at No. 254

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Australia ranked at No. 421

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

ChartThe number of licensed gun owners in Australia is reported to be

2012: 730,0005
2010: 873,6256
2001: 764,5187 8

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Australia is

2012: 3.329
2010: 4.06
2001: 3.96

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Australia is reported to be

2012: 2,750,0005
2010: 2,675,7856
2001: 2,165,1707 8

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in Australia is

2012: 12.499
2010: 12.44
2001: 11.22

Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Australia there are estimated to be 260,00010 1 to 6 million11

Estimated Rate of Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Australia there are estimated to be 1.189 illicit firearms per 100 people

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Australia are reported to have 241,42012 firearms

Routine Arming of Police

In Australia, police officers on routine patrol carry one or more firearms13

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Australia are reported to have 61,21114 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Australia, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2011: 18815
2010: 22415 16
2009: 222
2008: 232
2007: 23715 17
2006: 24615
2005: 212
2004: 234
2003: 28715 18
2002: 292
2001: 326
2000: 32418
1999: 347
1998: 312
1997: 428
1996: 516
1995: 470
1994: 516
1993: 513
1992: 608
1991: 618
1990: 595
1989: 549
1988: 674
1987: 694
1986: 677
1985: 682
1984: 675
1983: 644
1982: 689
1981: 618
1980: 687
1979: 685

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Australia, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.8619
2010: 1.02
2009: 1.01
2008: 1.08
2007: 1.12
2006: 1.19
2005: 1.04
2004: 1.16
2003: 1.45
2002: 1.49
2001: 1.68
2000: 1.69
1999: 1.83
1998: 1.67
1997: 2.31
1996: 2.82
1995: 2.59
1994: 2.88
1993: 2.89
1992: 3.47
1991: 3.57
1990: 3.48
1989: 3.26
1988: 4.06
1987: 4.25
1986: 4.21
1985: 4.31
1984: 4.34
1983: 4.20
1982: 4.56
1981: 4.15
1980: 4.67
1979: 4.71

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Australia, annual homicides by any means total

2011: 18820 21 22
2010: 24421 23 24 22
2009: 272
2008: 25123 24 22
2007: 216
2006: 256
2005: 199
2004: 164
2003: 278
2002: 291
2001: 300
1999/00: 34024 22
1998/99: 341
1997/98: 312
1996/97: 319
1995/96: 358
1994/95: 342
1993/94: 34224
1992/93: 360
1991/92: 331
1990/91: 351
1989/90: 331

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Australia, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.8625 22
2010: 1.10
2009: 1.24
2008: 1.17
2007: 1.02
2006: 1.23
2005: 0.98
2004: 0.82
2003: 1.40
2002: 1.48
2001: 1.55
2000: 1.77
1999: 1.80
1998: 1.67
1997: 1.72
1996: 1.95
1995: 1.89
1994: 1.9125
1993: 2.03
1992: 1.89
1991: 2.03
1990: 1.94

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Australia, annual firearm homicides total

2011: 2521
2010: 3621 23 16
2009: 3721 23 22
2008: 2723 22
2007: 28
2006: 41
2005: 1523 22 26
2004: 1523 22
2003: 5423 27 22
2002: 45
2001: 47
2000: 5727 22
1999: 50
1998: 57
1997: 79
1996: 104
1995: 67
1994: 7627
1993: 64
1992: 96
1991: 84
1990: 79
1989: 80
1988: 123

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Australia, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.1125
2010: 0.1625 16
2009: 0.1725 22
2008: 0.13
2007: 0.13
2006: 0.20
2005: 0.07
2004: 0.07
2003: 0.2725 27 22
2002: 0.23
2001: 0.24
2000: 0.3027 22
1999: 0.26
1998: 0.30
1997: 0.43
1996: 0.57
1995: 0.37
1994: 0.4327
1993: 0.36
1992: 0.55
1991: 0.49
1990: 0.46
1989: 0.48
1988: 0.74

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn Australia, annual handgun homicides total

2011: 321
2010: 421 23
2009: 9
2008: 723
2007: 3
2006: 14
2003: 6
2002: 12
2001: 13

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Australia, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.0125
2010: 0.01
2009: 0.04
2008: 0.03
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.07
2003: 0.03
2002: 0.06
2001: 0.07

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn Australia, annual long gun homicides total

2011: 1120
2010: 1421 23
2009: 18
2008: 1123
2007: 14
2006: 15
2005: 10
2004: 5
2003: 24
2002: 20
2001: 10

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Australia, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.0525
2010: 0.06
2009: 0.08
2008: 0.05
2007: 0.07
2006: 0.07
2005: 0.05
2004: 0.02
2003: 0.12
2002: 0.10
2001: 0.05

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Australia, annual gun homicides (other) total

2011: 1121
2010: 1821 23
2009: 10
2008: 923
2007: 11
2006: 12
2005: 5
2004: 10
2003: 24
2002: 13
2001: 24

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Australia, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.0525
2010: 0.08
2009: 0.04
2008: 0.04
2007: 0.05
2006: 0.06
2005: 0.02
2004: 0.05
2003: 0.12
2002: 0.07
2001: 0.12

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Australia, annual suicides by any means total

2011: 2,27228
2010: 2,41828 29
2009: 2,335
2008: 2,34029
2007: 2,227
2006: 2,118
2005: 2,101
2004: 2,098
2003: 2,21329 27
2002: 2,320
2001: 2,454
2000: 2,36327
1999: 2,492
1998: 2,683
1997: 2,720
1996: 2,393
1995: 2,368
1994: 2,258
1993: 2,081
1992: 2,294
1991: 2,360
1990: 2,161
1989: 2,096
1988: 2,197

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Australia, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2011: 10.4325
2010: 10.85
2009: 10.66
2008: 10.88
2007: 10.54
2006: 10.21
2005: 10.30
2004: 10.44
2003: 11.1525 27
2002: 11.83
2001: 12.66
2000: 12.3427
1999: 13.17
1998: 14.34
1997: 14.69
1996: 13.07
1995: 13.10
1994: 12.65
1993: 11.78
1992: 13.11
1991: 13.65
1990: 12.66
1989: 12.47
1988: 13.29

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Australia, annual firearm suicides total

2011: 13528
2010: 16628 29
2009: 174
2008: 18329
2007: 190
2006: 181
2005: 147
2004: 167
2003: 19329 27
2002: 217
2001: 261
2000: 22227
1999: 269
1998: 235
1997: 329
1996: 382
1995: 388
1994: 420
1993: 431
1992: 488
1991: 505
1990: 486
1989: 450
1988: 521

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Australia, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.6225
2010: 0.74
2009: 0.79
2008: 0.85
2007: 0.90
2006: 0.87
2005: 0.72
2004: 0.83
2003: 0.9725 27
2002: 1.11
2001: 1.35
2000: 1.1627
1999: 1.42
1998: 1.26
1997: 1.78
1996: 2.09
1995: 2.15
1994: 2.35
1993: 2.44
1992: 2.79
1991: 2.92
1990: 2.85
1989: 2.68
1988: 3.15

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn Australia, annual handgun suicides total

2011: 1728
2010: 1729 28
2009: 17
2008: 25
2007: 15
2006: 15
2005: 14
2004: 13
2003: 25
2002: 24
2001: 3429

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Australia, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.0725
2010: 0.07
2009: 0.07
2008: 0.12
2007: 0.07
2006: 0.07
2005: 0.07
2004: 0.06
2003: 0.13
2002: 0.12
2001: 0.18

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn Australia, the number of long gun suicides is

2011: 10228
2010: 13528 29
2009: 139
2008: 14029
2007: 146
2006: 150
2005: 127
2004: 99
2003: 133
2002: 165
2001: 173

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Australia, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.4625
2010: 0.60
2009: 0.63
2008: 0.65
2007: 0.69
2006: 0.72
2005: 0.62
2004: 0.49
2003: 0.67
2002: 0.84
2001: 0.89

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn Australia, annual gun suicides (other) total

2011: 1628
2010: 1428 29
2009: 18
2008: 1829
2007: 29
2006: 16
2005: 6
2004: 55
2003: 35
2002: 28
2001: 54

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Australia, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.0725
2010: 0.06
2009: 0.08
2008: 0.08
2007: 0.14
2006: 0.08
2005: 0.03
2004: 0.27
2003: 0.18
2002: 0.14
2001: 0.28

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Australia, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2011: 1130
2010: 1330 31
2009: 8
2008: 931
2007: 7
2006: 11
2005: 50
2004: 52
2003: 4031 27
2002: 30
2001: 18
2000: 4527
1999: 28
1998: 22
1997: 19
1996: 30
1995: 15
1994: 20
1993: 18
1992: 24
1991: 29
1990: 30
1989: 19
1988: 30

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Australia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.0725
2009: 0.04
2008: 0.04
2007: 0.03
2006: 0.05
2005: 0.25
2004: 0.26
2003: 0.2025 27
2002: 0.15
2001: 0.09
2000: 0.2327
1999: 0.15
1998: 0.12
1997: 0.10
1996: 0.16
1995: 0.08
1994: 0.11
1993: 0.10
1992: 0.14
1991: 0.17
1990: 0.18
1989: 0.11
1988: 0.18

Unintentional Handgun Deaths

ChartIn Australia, annual unintentional shooting deaths by handgun total

2011: 030
2010: 130 31
2009: 031
2008: 1
2007: 0
2006: 3
2003: 3

Rate of Unintentional Handgun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Australia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by handgun per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.0225
2009: 0
2008: 0.00
2007: 0
2006: 0.01
2003: 0.02

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn Australia, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2011: 730
2010: 930 31
2009: 531
2008: 4
2007: 3
2006: 6
2005: 3
2004: 8
2003: 11
2002: 10
2001: 6

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Australia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.0425
2009: 0.02
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.03
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.04
2003: 0.06
2002: 0.05
2001: 0.03

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn Australia, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2011: 430
2010: 330 31
2009: 3
2008: 431
2007: 4
2006: 2
2005: 47
2004: 44
2003: 26
2002: 20
2001: 12

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Australia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.0225
2009: 0.02
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.23
2004: 0.22
2003: 0.13
2002: 0.10
2001: 0.06

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Australia, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2011: 1732
2010: 1932 33
2009: 9
2008: 1533
2007: 12
2006: 13
2002: 027
1999: 234
1998: 827
1997: 3
1996: 5
1995: 3
1994: 6
1993: 6
1992: 7
1991: 5
1990: 15
1989: 13
1988: 17

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Australia, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.1325
2009: 0.06
2008: 0.07
2007: 0.06
2006: 0.06
2002: 0.0027
1999: 0.0134
1998: 0.0427
1997: 0.02
1996: 0.03
1995: 0.02
1994: 0.03
1993: 0.03
1992: 0.04
1991: 0.03
1990: 0.09
1989: 0.08
1988: 0.10

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Australia, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2011: 032
2010: 033
2009: 0
2008: 3
2007: 0
2006: 2

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Australia, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2010: 025
2009: 0
2008: 0.01
2007: 0
2006: 0.01

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Australia, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2011: 832
2010: 632 33
2009: 2
2008: 133
2007: 4
2006: 2

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Australia, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.0425
2009: 0.02
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.01

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Australia, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2011: 932
2010: 1332 33
2009: 7
2008: 1133
2007: 8
2006: 9

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Australia, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.0925
2009: 0.04
2008: 0.05
2007: 0.04
2006: 0.04

Justifiable Gun Homicides

ChartIn Australia, annual legal-intervention gun homicides total

2011: 435
2010: 6
2009: 3
2008: 1
2007: 6
2006: 4
2002: 10
2001: 436
2000: 537
1999: 438
1998: 739
1997: 740

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Australia, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence41 42

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, Australia is ranked 'small'43

Home-made Guns

In Australia the prevalence of illicit craft, or 'home-made' firearm manufacture is reported to be low44

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Regulation of Firearm Exports

In Australia, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law45 46 47

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Australia is reported by Customs to be US$11,077,63048 (2011)

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Australia is categorized as 'minor'49

Regulation of Firearm Imports

In Australia, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law45 50 47

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Australia is reported by Customs to be US$104,812,08048 (2011)

Firearm Imports (Number) - Customs

ChartThe annual number of firearms imported to Australia is reported to be

2011/12: 67,73051 52
2010/11: 59,382
2009/10: 66,461
2008/09: 55,422
2007/08: 52,991
2006/07: 45,748
2005/06: 38,015
2004/05: 36,546
2003/04: 33,830
2002/03: 37,436
2001/02: 26,279
2000/01: 28,141
1999/00: 32,369
1998/99: 17,838
1997/98: 34,341
1996/97: 88,845
1995/96: 43,052
1994/95: 48,751
1993/94: 32,928
1992/93: 35,881
1991/92: 45,305
1990/91: 71,675
1989/90: 57,222
1988/89: 51,502

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Australia is low53 52

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Australia, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law54

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Australia include55 45 46 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

In the most recent survey of state transparency in declaring firearm and ammunition exports among major small arms exporting nations, Australia was ranked at No. 2756

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Australia is categorised as restrictive57

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Australia includes the National Firearms Agreement (NFA) 1996, the National Firearms Trafficking Policy Agreement (NFTPA) 2002, the National Handgun Agreement (NHA) 2002,58 59 and the Firearms Acts and Regulations of each State and Territory60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Australia are regulated by the local State and Territory authorities77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84

Right to Possess Firearms

In Australia, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law85 86 87

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Australia, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic and semi-automatic firearms, self-loading and pump action shotguns, handguns with a calibre in excess of .38in with only narrow exemptions, semi-automatic handguns with a barrel length less than 120mm, and revolvers with a barrel length less than 100mm88 89 59 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Australia, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited, with only narrow exceptions for permanently inoperable collector's, display, or museum guns88 89 90 91 92 93 98 99 96 97

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Australia, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons and their lookalikes is prohibited in all but exceptional circumstances89 90 91 92 93 94 95 100

Regulation of Handguns

In Australia, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is only permitted subject to stringent conditions89 101 59 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Australia, only licensed gun owners110 111 112 113 80 114 115 116 117 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Australia are required to prove genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example, hunting, target shooting, collection, pest control, and narrow occupational uses.118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126
In law, personal protection is not a genuine reason127 128 129

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Australia is 18 years, or as young as 10 years while under the immediate supervision of an appropriately licensed adult110 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137

Gun Licence Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Australia must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental, physical, addiction, domestic violence, residential and other138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Australia, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are required for some licence categories in some jurisdictions147 148 149 150

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Australia stipulates138 151 152 141 153 143 154 145 155 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Australia, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required156 157 158 159 160 144 161 162 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Australia gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every one to five years depending on the licence category110 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170

Licensing Records

In Australia, authorities maintain a record171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Australia are permitted to possess only the number and type of firearms specified on their licence or acquisition permit119 181 182 183 184 80 185 186 187 185 188

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Australia are permitted to possess ammunition only for those firearms for which the purchaser is licensed, with a limit on the quantity of ammunition that may be purchased in a given period189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 188

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Australia, the law requires197 198 171 179 174 173 176 178 177 180 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Australia, licensed firearm dealers are required199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 180 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Australia, licensed gun makers are required207 180 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Australia, State agencies are required208 209 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Australia, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited unless conducted and registered by a licensed firearm dealer, or in remote locations by police189 210 211 212 213 214 215 216

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Australia, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful189 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224

Limit on Gun Dealer Sales

In Australia, the number and type of firearms which can be sold by a licensed gun dealer to a single gun owner is limited to 1 firearm per acquisition permit, in accord with the particular firearm licence category181 182 225 184 226 185 227 187 185 188

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In Australia, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is 28 days for a first sale or transfer, with exemptions in some states and territories for subsequent acquisition of the same type of firearm for which the owner already holds a licence181 228 225 229 230 231 144 232 233

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Australia, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events in some jurisdictions, are regulated234 235 236 237 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Australia include238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Australia include247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Australia include209 208 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Australia include255 256 257 258 259 260 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Australia, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law42 261

Firearm Tracing

In Australia, state authorities carry out261 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Marking of Firearms and Ammunition

In Australia, state authorities do not employ261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 ballistic fingerprinting technology to trace guns and ammunition

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Australia, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is prohibited without genuine reason. In law, personal protection is not a genuine reason.127 128 279 280 281 282 283 129

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Australia, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is prohibited without genuine reason. In law, personal protection is not a genuine reason.127 128 279 280 281 282 283 129

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Australia, the maximum penalty for illicit firearm possession is 20 years prison, depending on the jurisdiction and category of firearm284 112 113 285 286 115 116 117 287

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in Australia are known to have288 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Surrendered in Gun Amnesty

In Australia, the number of firearms and/or rounds of ammunition voluntarily surrendered for destruction in recent arms amnesty and collection programmes is reported to be 948,388288 (1988-2012)

Exchanged in Gun Buyback

In Australia, the total number of firearms exchanged for monetary or in-kind compensation during recent gun buyback and disposal programmes is reported to be 659,940289 (1996-2001)

Small Arms Destroyed

In Australia, the total number of firearms destroyed following recent amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be 1,000,000288 290 (1988-2012)

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Australia, it is not state policy291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

Pacific Islands Forum

As a member of the Pacific Islands Forum, Australia adopted the March, 2000 Nadi Framework agreement, which aims to harmonise small arms-related legislation across Oceania. In August 2003, the Nadi Framework’s draft model Weapons Control Bill was unanimously accepted for consideration by all 16 member states of the Pacific Islands Forum299 300

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 2006301 by Australia.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has been signed, but not yet ratified302 by Australia

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed, but not yet ratified303 by Australia

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Australia committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects304

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Australia has submitted one or more national reports305 306 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Australia, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated307 306

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Australia, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated307 306

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Australia submitted to the UN, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities is apparent307 306 308

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been donated309 310 311 312 313 314 315 by Australia to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Australia has declared316 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Australia has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1945317

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies lists318 Australia as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Australia, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Australia ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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123.

Victoria.2008.‘Prescribed Purposes for Applying for Longarm and General Category Handgun Licences.’ Firearms Regulations 2008 (S.R. No. 22/2008).Melbourne:Department of Justice,8 April. (Q2671)Full Citation

124.

Queensland.1990.‘Genuine Reasons for Possession of a Weapon.’ Weapons Act 1990 (Reprint No. 6G, as in force on 1 July 2010).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 September. (Q2676)Full Citation

125.

Northern Territory.1997.‘Genuine Reason for Licence.’ Firearms Act 1997 (Reprint, as in force at 1 July 2010).Darwin:Northern Territory Government,13 March. (Q2764)Full Citation

126.

South Australia.2008.‘Purposes for Which Firearms May be Used.’ Firearms Regulations 2008 (Version: 1.7.2010).Adelaide:Parliament of South Australia,1 September. (Q2908)Full Citation

127.

APMC.1996.‘Genuine Reason for Owning, Possessing or Using a Firearm.’ Special Firearms Meeting – the 'Nationwide Agreement on Firearms'.Canberra:Australasian Police Ministers' Council,10 May. (Q970)Full Citation

128.

King, Brooke.2009.‘Firearms Controls in Australia.’ Challenges, Constraints and Opportunities in National PoA Implementation by States of the Pacific.Sydney:Firearms Unit, Australian Commonwealth Attorney-General's Department,22 June. (Q1985)Full Citation

129.

Warner, Kate and Simon Sherwood.2006.‘Firearms Legislation in Australia a Decade After the Nationwide Agreement: Summary and comments.’ National Coalition for Gun Control.Hobart:National Coalition for Gun Control,1 July. (Q973)Full Citation

130.

Australian Capital Territory.1996.‘Children Prohibited from Owning Firearms.’ Australian Capital Territory Firearms Act 1996 (A1996-74 – Republication No.25).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,1 January. (Q2545)Full Citation

131.

New South Wales.1996.‘Minor's Firearms Permits.’ Firearms Act 1996 No 46.Sydney:New South Wales Government,28 June. (Q2499)Full Citation

132.

Tasmania.1996.‘Application for Minor's Permit.’ Firearms Act 1996 (Act as at 1 July 2010).Hobart:Legislative Council and House of Assembly,30 August. (Q2971)Full Citation

133.

Victoria.1998.‘Issue of Junior Licences.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 053, as of 8 December 2008).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2619)Full Citation

134.

Queensland.1990.‘Limitations on Issue of Licence.’ Weapons Act 1990 (Reprint No. 6G, as in force on 1 July 2010).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 September. (Q2673)Full Citation

135.

Northern Territory.1997.‘Application for Licence.’ Firearms Act 1997 (Reprint, as in force at 1 July 2010).Darwin:Northern Territory Government,13 March. (Q2761)Full Citation

136.

South Australia.2008.‘Exemption From Requirement to be Licensed.’ Firearms Regulations 2008 (Version: 1.7.2010).Adelaide:Parliament of South Australia,1 September. (Q2917)Full Citation

137.

Western Australia.1973.‘Minimum Age of Licensee or Permit Holder.’ Firearms Act 1973 (Version 05-00-00, reprinted under the Reprints Act 1984 as at 9 January 2009).Perth:State Law Publisher,18 October. (Q2746)Full Citation

138.

APMC.1996.‘Grounds for Licence Refusal or Cancellation and Seizure of Firearms.’ Special Firearms Meeting – the 'Nationwide Agreement on Firearms'.Canberra:Australasian Police Ministers' Council,10 May. (Q2584)Full Citation

139.

Australian Capital Territory.1996.‘Assessing Suitability of Individuals – Discretionary Criteria.’ Australian Capital Territory Firearms Act 1996 (A1996-74 – Republication No.25).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,1 January. (Q2514)Full Citation

140.

New South Wales.1996.‘General Restrictions on Issue of Licences.’ Firearms Act 1996 No 46.Sydney:New South Wales Government,28 June. (Q2487)Full Citation

141.

Tasmania.1996.‘General Restrictions on Granting Licence.’ Firearms Act 1996 (Act as at 1 July 2010).Hobart:Legislative Council and House of Assembly,30 August. (Q2955)Full Citation

142.

Victoria.1998.‘Definitions.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 053, as of 8 December 2008).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2608)Full Citation

143.

Queensland.1990.‘Fit and Proper Person – Licensees.’ Weapons Act 1990 (Reprint No. 6G, as in force on 1 July 2010).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 September. (Q2675)Full Citation

144.

Northern Territory.1997.‘General Restrictions on Grant of Licence.’ Firearms Act 1997 (Reprint, as in force at 1 July 2010).Darwin:Northern Territory Government,13 March. (Q2762)Full Citation

145.

South Australia.1977.‘Interpretation.’ Firearms Act 1977 (Version: 27.11.2008).Adelaide:Parliament of South Australia,12 May. (Q2881)Full Citation

146.

Western Australia.1973.‘Exercise of Commissioner's Discretion.’ Firearms Act 1973 (Version 05-00-00, reprinted under the Reprints Act 1984 as at 9 January 2009).Perth:State Law Publisher,18 October. (Q2748)Full Citation

147.

Australian Capital Territory.2008.‘Shooting Clubs, Conditions of Approval.’ Firearms Regulation 2008 (SL2008-55, Republication No 7, effective 16 January 2010).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,22 December. (Q2664)Full Citation

148.

Victoria.1998.‘Approved Firearms Collectors Clubs – Requirements as to Members and Former Members.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 053, as of 8 December 2008).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2668)Full Citation

149.

Queensland.1996.‘Category H Weapons — Club Letter Certifying Need for Weapon.’ Weapons Regulation 1996 (Reprint No. 4D, reprinted as in force on 1 August 2010).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 December. (Q2734)Full Citation

150.

Northern Territory.1997.‘Restriction on Grant of Category H Sports Shooter's Licence.’ Firearms Act 1997 (Reprint, as in force at 1 July 2010).Darwin:Northern Territory Government,13 March. (Q2763)Full Citation

151.

Australian Capital Territory.1996.‘Adult Firearms Licences – Mandatory Suspension.’ Australian Capital Territory Firearms Act 1996 (A1996-74 – Republication No.25).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,1 January. (Q2543)Full Citation

152.

New South Wales.1996.‘Suspension of Licence.’ Firearms Act 1996 No 46.Sydney:New South Wales Government,28 June. (Q2576)Full Citation

153.

Victoria.1998.‘Surrender of Firearms and Licence Document.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 053, as of 8 December 2008).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2667)Full Citation

154.

Northern Territory.1997.‘Suspension on Making of Interim Domestic Violence Order.’ Firearms Act 1997 (Reprint, as in force at 1 July 2010).Darwin:Northern Territory Government,13 March. (Q2779)Full Citation

155.

Western Australia.1973.‘Disqualification by Court Imposing Violence Restraining Order.’ Firearms Act 1973 (Version 05-00-00, reprinted under the Reprints Act 1984 as at 9 January 2009).Perth:State Law Publisher,18 October. (Q3052)Full Citation

156.

APMC.1996.‘Training as a Prerequisite for Licensing.’ Special Firearms Meeting – the 'Nationwide Agreement on Firearms'.Canberra:Australasian Police Ministers' Council,10 May. (Q2585)Full Citation

157.

Australian Capital Territory.1996.‘Adult Firearms Licences — Refusal.’ Australian Capital Territory Firearms Act 1996 (A1996-74 – Republication No.25).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,1 January. (Q2518)Full Citation

158.

Tasmania.1996.‘Safety Courses.’ Firearms Act 1996 (Act as at 1 July 2010).Hobart:Legislative Council and House of Assembly,30 August. (Q2998)Full Citation

159.

Victoria.1998.‘General Discretion of Chief Commissioner to Refuse a Longarm or Handgun Licence.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 053, as of 8 December 2008).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2618)Full Citation

160.

Queensland.1990.‘Adequate Knowledge of Weapon.’ Weapons Act 1990 (Reprint No. 6G, as in force on 1 July 2010).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 September. (Q2674)Full Citation

161.

South Australia.2008.‘Training and Examinations.’ Firearms Regulations 2008 (Version: 1.7.2010).Adelaide:Parliament of South Australia,1 September. (Q2913)Full Citation

162.

Western Australia.1973.‘Training Courses.’ Firearms Act 1973 (Version 05-00-00, reprinted under the Reprints Act 1984 as at 9 January 2009).Perth:State Law Publisher,18 October. (Q2747)Full Citation

163.

Australian Capital Territory.2008.‘Adult Licences, Period.’ Firearms Regulation 2008 (SL2008-55, Republication No 7, effective 16 January 2010).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,22 December. (Q2625)Full Citation

164.

New South Wales.2006.‘Term of Licence.’ Firearms Regulation 2006 (2006-512, as at 9 July 2010).Sydney:New South Wales Government,1 September. (Q2587)Full Citation

165.

Tasmania.2006.‘Period of Licences.’ Firearms Regulations 2006 (Regulations as of 13 November 2007).Hobart:Governor of the State of Tasmania,16 October. (Q3002)Full Citation

166.

Victoria.1998.‘Duration of Licence.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 053, as of 8 December 2008).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2622)Full Citation

167.

Queensland.1990.‘Term of Licence.’ Weapons Act 1990 (Reprint No. 6G, as in force on 1 July 2010).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 September. (Q2679)Full Citation

168.

Northern Territory.1997.‘Period of Licence.’ Firearms Act 1997 (Reprint, as in force at 1 July 2010).Darwin:Northern Territory Government,13 March. (Q2766)Full Citation

169.

South Australia.1977.‘Term and Renewal of Licence.’ Firearms Act 1977 (Version: 27.11.2008).Adelaide:Parliament of South Australia,12 May. (Q2894)Full Citation

170.

Western Australia.1973.‘Duration and Renewal of Licences.’ Firearms Act 1973 (Version 05-00-00, reprinted under the Reprints Act 1984 as at 9 January 2009).Perth:State Law Publisher,18 October. (Q2745)Full Citation

171.

New South Wales.1996.‘Register of Firearms.’ Firearms Act 1996 No 46.Sydney:New South Wales Government,28 June. (Q2500)Full Citation

172.

Australian Capital Territory.1996.‘Contents of Register.’ Australian Capital Territory Firearms Act 1996 (A1996-74 – Republication No.25).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,1 January. (Q2563)Full Citation

173.

Queensland.1990.‘Commissioner to Maintain Firearms Register.’ Weapons Act 1990 (Reprint No. 6G, as in force on 1 July 2010).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 September. (Q2684)Full Citation

174.

Victoria.1998.‘Keeping of Register.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 053, as of 8 December 2008).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2641)Full Citation

175.

Victoria.1998.‘Certificate of Registration.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 053, as of 8 December 2008).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2642)Full Citation

176.

Northern Territory.1997.‘Register.’ Firearms Act 1997 (Reprint, as in force at 1 July 2010).Darwin:Northern Territory Government,13 March. (Q2760)Full Citation

177.

Western Australia.1974.‘Register.’ Firearms Regulations 1974 (Version 07-d0-01, as at 1 September 2010).Perth:State Law Publisher,1 July. (Q2834)Full Citation

178.

South Australia.1977.‘Registers.’ Firearms Act 1977 (Version: 27.11.2008).Adelaide:Parliament of South Australia,12 May. (Q2883)Full Citation

179.

Tasmania.1996.‘Register of Firearms.’ Firearms Act 1996 (Act as at 1 July 2010).Hobart:Legislative Council and House of Assembly,30 August. (Q2976)Full Citation

180.

Parker, Sarah.2011.‘Balancing Act: Regulation of Civilian Firearm Possession.’ Small Arms Survey 2011: States of Security.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,6 July. (Q5380)Full Citation

181.

APMC.1996.‘Permit to Acquire.’ Special Firearms Meeting – the 'Nationwide Agreement on Firearms'.Canberra:Australasian Police Ministers' Council,10 May. (Q2583)Full Citation

182.

Australian Capital Territory.1996.‘Permits to Acquire – Applications.’ Australian Capital Territory Firearms Act 1996 (A1996-74 – Republication No.25).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,1 January. (Q2560)Full Citation

183.

New South Wales.1996.‘Licence Categories and Authority Conferred by Licence – Category C.’ Firearms Act 1996 No 46.Sydney:New South Wales Government,28 June. (Q2482)Full Citation

184.

Tasmania.1996.‘Application for Permit to Acquire Firearm.’ Firearms Act 1996 (Act as at 1 July 2010).Hobart:Legislative Council and House of Assembly,30 August. (Q2968)Full Citation

185.

South Australia.1977.‘Reasons for Refusal of Permit.’ Firearms Act 1977 (Version: 27.11.2008).Adelaide:Parliament of South Australia,12 May. (Q3056)Full Citation

186.

Queensland.1990.‘Limitation on Number of Concealable Firearms Particular Licensees May Acquire.’ Weapons Act 1990 (Reprint No. 6G, as in force on 1 July 2010).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 September. (Q2699)Full Citation

187.

Northern Territory.1997.‘Firearms Dealer Licence.’ Firearms Act 1997 (Reprint, as in force at 1 July 2010).Darwin:Northern Territory Government,13 March. (Q2770)Full Citation

188.

Western Australia.1973.‘Genuine Reason Required in All Cases.’ Firearms Act 1973 (Version 05-00-00, reprinted under the Reprints Act 1984 as at 9 January 2009).Perth:State Law Publisher,18 October. (Q2749)Full Citation

189.

APMC.1996.‘Recording of Sales.’ Special Firearms Meeting – the 'Nationwide Agreement on Firearms'.Canberra:Australasian Police Ministers' Council,10 May. (Q985)Full Citation

190.

Australian Capital Territory.1996.‘Offence – Sale of Ammunition by Licensed Firearms Dealers.’ Australian Capital Territory Firearms Act 1996 (A1996-74 – Republication No.25).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,1 January. (Q2665)Full Citation

191.

New South Wales.1996.‘Sale, Purchase and Possession of Ammunition.’ Firearms Act 1996 No 46.Sydney:New South Wales Government,28 June. (Q2548)Full Citation

192.

Tasmania.2006.‘Amount of Ammunition.’ Firearms Regulations 2006 (Regulations as of 13 November 2007).Hobart:Governor of the State of Tasmania,16 October. (Q3001)Full Citation

193.

Victoria.1998.‘Possession of Cartridge Ammunition.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 053, as of 8 December 2008).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q3055)Full Citation

194.

Queensland.1996.‘Prohibition on Possession of Magazine with More than 10 Rounds.’ Weapons Regulation 1996 (Reprint No. 4D, reprinted as in force on 1 August 2010).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 December. (Q2741)Full Citation

195.

Northern Territory.1997.‘General Conditions of Licence.’ Firearms Act 1997 (Reprint, as in force at 1 July 2010).Darwin:Northern Territory Government,13 March. (Q2765)Full Citation

196.

South Australia.2008.‘Limit on Quantity of Ammunition.’ Firearms Regulations 2008 (Version: 1.7.2010).Adelaide:Parliament of South Australia,1 September. (Q2922)Full Citation

197.

APMC.1996.‘Effective Nationwide Registration of All Firearms.’ Special Firearms Meeting – the 'Nationwide Agreement on Firearms'.Canberra:Australasian Police Ministers' Council,10 May. (Q995)Full Citation

198.

Australian Capital Territory.1996.‘Register of Firearms.’ Australian Capital Territory Firearms Act 1996 (A1996-74 – Republication No.25).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,1 January. (Q2562)Full Citation

199.

Australian Capital Territory.1996.‘Offence – Inspection of Records.’ Australian Capital Territory Firearms Act 1996 (A1996-74 – Republication No.25).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,1 January. (Q2568)Full Citation

200.

New South Wales.1996.‘Recording of Transactions.’ Firearms Act 1996 No 46.Sydney:New South Wales Government,28 June. (Q2550)Full Citation

201.

Tasmania.1996.‘Record of Dealings.’ Firearms Act 1996 (Act as at 1 July 2010).Hobart:Legislative Council and House of Assembly,30 August. (Q2988)Full Citation

202.

Victoria.1998.‘Requirement to Keep Register of Transactions.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 053, as of 8 December 2008).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2640)Full Citation

203.

Queensland.1990.‘Licensed Dealers and Armourers to Keep Register.’ Weapons Act 1990 (Reprint No. 6G, as in force on 1 July 2010).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 September. (Q2693)Full Citation

204.

Northern Territory.1997.‘Records and Returns to be Kept by Dealers.’ Firearms Act 1997 (Reprint, as in force at 1 July 2010).Darwin:Northern Territory Government,13 March. (Q2772)Full Citation

205.

South Australia.1977.‘Records.’ Firearms Act 1977 (Version: 27.11.2008).Adelaide:Parliament of South Australia,12 May. (Q2893)Full Citation

206.

Western Australia.1973.‘Records.’ Firearms Act 1973 (Version 05-00-00, reprinted under the Reprints Act 1984 as at 9 January 2009).Perth:State Law Publisher,18 October. (Q2756)Full Citation

207.

Australia.2012.‘Record-keeping by Manufacturers.’ National Report of Australia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York:Permanent Mission of Australia to the United Nations,23 March. (Q6496)Full Citation

208.

Australia.2008.‘Accounting for Small Arms and Light Weapons.’ National Report of Australia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York:Permanent Mission of Australia to the United Nations,1 July. (Q1739)Full Citation

209.

Australia.2008.‘Accounting for Small Arms and Light Weapons.’ National Report of Australia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York:Permanent Mission of Australia to the United Nations,1 July. (Q1738)Full Citation

210.

Australian Capital Territory.1996.‘Offence — Unlawful Acquisition of Firearms.’ Australian Capital Territory Firearms Act 1996 (A1996-74 – Republication No.25).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,1 January. (Q2569)Full Citation

211.

New South Wales.1996.‘Restrictions on Sale and Purchase of Firearms.’ Firearms Act 1996 No 46.Sydney:New South Wales Government,28 June. (Q2546)Full Citation

212.

Tasmania.1996.‘Sale and Possession of Ammunition.’ Firearms Act 1996 (Act as at 1 July 2010).Hobart:Legislative Council and House of Assembly,30 August. (Q2990)Full Citation

213.

Victoria.1998.‘Prohibition on Acquisition of Firearm Except from Licensed Firearms Dealer.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 053, as of 8 December 2008).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2663)Full Citation

214.

Queensland.1990.‘Acquisition of Weapons.’ Weapons Act 1990 (Reprint No. 6G, as in force on 1 July 2010).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 September. (Q2680)Full Citation

215.

Northern Territory.1997.‘Sale of Firearms.’ Firearms Act 1997 (Reprint, as in force at 1 July 2010).Darwin:Northern Territory Government,13 March. (Q2781)Full Citation

216.

South Australia.1977.‘Obligations of Prescribed Person.’ Firearms Act 1977 (Version: 27.11.2008).Adelaide:Parliament of South Australia,12 May. (Q2890)Full Citation

217.

Australian Capital Territory.1996.‘Offence – Firearms Dealers to be Licensed.’ Australian Capital Territory Firearms Act 1996 (A1996-74 – Republication No.25).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,1 January. (Q2567)Full Citation

218.

New South Wales.1996.‘Licence Categories and Authority Conferred by Licence – Firearms Dealer Licence.’ Firearms Act 1996 No 46.Sydney:New South Wales Government,28 June. (Q2485)Full Citation

219.

Tasmania.1996.‘Dealing in Firearms.’ Firearms Act 1996 (Act as at 1 July 2010).Hobart:Legislative Council and House of Assembly,30 August. (Q2945)Full Citation

220.

Victoria.1998.‘Issue of Dealers Licences.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 053, as of 8 December 2008).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2638)Full Citation

221.

Queensland.1990.‘Dealers to be Licensed.’ Weapons Act 1990 (Reprint No. 6G, as in force on 1 July 2010).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 September. (Q2692)Full Citation

222.

Northern Territory.1997.‘Restrictions on Granting Firearms Dealer Licences.’ Firearms Regulations 1997 (Reprint, as in force at 29 November 2007).Darwin:Northern Territory Government,13 March. (Q2809)Full Citation

223.

South Australia.1977.‘Requirement for Dealer's Licence.’ Firearms Act 1977 (Version: 27.11.2008).Adelaide:Parliament of South Australia,12 May. (Q2891)Full Citation

224.

Western Australia.1973.‘Licences.’ Firearms Act 1973 (Version 05-00-00, reprinted under the Reprints Act 1984 as at 9 January 2009).Perth:State Law Publisher,18 October. (Q2752)Full Citation

225.

New South Wales.1996.‘Permits to Acquire Firearms.’ Firearms Act 1996 No 46.Sydney:New South Wales Government,28 June. (Q2498)Full Citation

226.

Victoria.1998.‘Issue of Permit to Acquire.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 053, as of 8 December 2008).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2661)Full Citation

227.

Queensland.1996.‘Firearms Licence — Category C Rifle and Category C Shotgun for Occupational Rural Purpose on Rural Land.’ Weapons Regulation 1996 (Reprint No. 4D, reprinted as in force on 1 August 2010).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 December. (Q2717)Full Citation

228.

Australian Capital Territory.1996.‘When Permits to Acquire May be Issued.’ Australian Capital Territory Firearms Act 1996 (A1996-74 – Republication No.25).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,1 January. (Q2561)Full Citation

229.

Tasmania.1996.‘Granting Permit.’ Firearms Act 1996 (Act as at 1 July 2010).Hobart:Legislative Council and House of Assembly,30 August. (Q2972)Full Citation

230.

Victoria.1998.‘Offence to Acquire a Firearm Without a Permit.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 053, as of 8 December 2008).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2660)Full Citation

231.

Queensland.1996.‘Waiting Period for Decision on Application for Permit to Acquire.’ Weapons Regulation 1996 (Reprint No. 4D, reprinted as in force on 1 August 2010).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 December. (Q2739)Full Citation

232.

South Australia.1977.‘Application for Permit.’ Firearms Act 1977 (Version: 27.11.2008).Adelaide:Parliament of South Australia,12 May. (Q2888)Full Citation

233.

Western Australia.1973.‘Licensing Procedure.’ Firearms Act 1973 (Version 05-00-00, reprinted under the Reprints Act 1984 as at 9 January 2009).Perth:State Law Publisher,18 October. (Q2753)Full Citation

234.

Australian Capital Territory.2008.‘Arms Fairs, Permits to Conduct.’ Firearms Regulation 2008 (SL2008-55, Republication No 7, effective 16 January 2010).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,22 December. (Q2636)Full Citation

235.

New South Wales.2006.‘Arms Fair Permits.’ Firearms Regulation 2006 (2006-512, as at 9 July 2010).Sydney:New South Wales Government,1 September. (Q2596)Full Citation

236.

Queensland.1990.‘Approval of Arms Fair.’ Weapons Act 1990 (Reprint No. 6G, as in force on 1 July 2010).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 September. (Q2696)Full Citation

237.

South Australia.2008.‘Exemption for Certain Exhibitors.’ Firearms Regulations 2008 (Version: 1.7.2010).Adelaide:Parliament of South Australia,1 September. (Q2907)Full Citation

238.

APMC.1996.‘Uniform Standard for the Security and Storage of Firearms.’ Special Firearms Meeting – the 'Nationwide Agreement on Firearms'.Canberra:Australasian Police Ministers' Council,10 May. (Q988)Full Citation

239.

Australian Capital Territory.1996.‘Offence – Failing to Comply with Storage Requirements.’ Australian Capital Territory Firearms Act 1996 (A1996-74 – Republication No.25).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,1 January. (Q2564)Full Citation

240.

New South Wales.1996.‘Safe Keeping of Firearms – General Requirement.’ Firearms Act 1996 No 46.Sydney:New South Wales Government,28 June. (Q2501)Full Citation

241.

Tasmania.1996.‘General Requirements.’ Firearms Act 1996 (Act as at 1 July 2010).Hobart:Legislative Council and House of Assembly,30 August. (Q2977)Full Citation

242.

Victoria.1998.‘Storage of Firearms Under Longarm and Handgun Licences.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 053, as of 8 December 2008).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2644)Full Citation

243.

Queensland.1990.‘Secure Storage of Weapons.’ Weapons Act 1990 (Reprint No. 6G, as in force on 1 July 2010).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 September. (Q2689)Full Citation

244.

Northern Territory.1997.‘Storage and Safe Keeping Requirements.’ Firearms Act 1997 (Reprint, as in force at 1 July 2010).Darwin:Northern Territory Government,13 March. (Q2780)Full Citation

245.

South Australia.2008.‘Security of Firearms.’ Firearms Regulations 2008 (Version: 1.7.2010).Adelaide:Parliament of South Australia,1 September. (Q2921)Full Citation

246.

Western Australia.1974.‘Storage Security Requirements.’ Firearms Regulations 1974 (Version 07-d0-01, as at 1 September 2010).Perth:State Law Publisher,1 July. (Q2831)Full Citation

247.

Australian Capital Territory.2008.‘Dealer Licences, Restrictions on Issue.’ Firearms Regulation 2008 (SL2008-55, Republication No 7, effective 16 January 2010).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,22 December. (Q2629)Full Citation

248.

New South Wales.1996.‘Conditions of Licence.’ Firearms Act 1996 No 46.Sydney:New South Wales Government,28 June. (Q2494)Full Citation

249.

Tasmania.1996.‘Firearms Dealer and Museum Licences Requirement.’ Firearms Act 1996 (Act as at 1 July 2010).Hobart:Legislative Council and House of Assembly,30 August. (Q2987)Full Citation

250.

Victoria.1998.‘Storage of Firearms Under Dealers Licences.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 053, as of 8 December 2008).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2645)Full Citation

251.

Queensland.1996.‘Storage Measures for Armourers, Dealers, and Theatrical Ordnance Suppliers – Vaults and Safes.’ Weapons Regulation 1996 (Reprint No. 4D, reprinted as in force on 1 August 2010).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 December. (Q2731)Full Citation

252.

Northern Territory.1997.‘Security Measures Required by Dealer.’ Firearms Act 1997 (Reprint, as in force at 1 July 2010).Darwin:Northern Territory Government,13 March. (Q2771)Full Citation

253.

South Australia.2008.‘Possession of Firearms by Dealers.’ Firearms Regulations 2008 (Version: 1.7.2010).Adelaide:Parliament of South Australia,1 September. (Q2923)Full Citation

254.

Western Australia.1973.‘Safe Keeping by Traders.’ Firearms Act 1973 (Version 05-00-00, reprinted under the Reprints Act 1984 as at 9 January 2009).Perth:State Law Publisher,18 October. (Q2757)Full Citation

255.

Australian Capital Territory.1996.‘Transport of Firearms and Ammunition.’ Australian Capital Territory Firearms Act 1996 (A1996-74 – Republication No.25).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,1 January. (Q2570)Full Citation

256.

New South Wales.2006.‘Non-commercial Transportation of Prohibited Firearms and Pistols – Prescribed Safety Requirements.’ Firearms Regulation 2006 (2006-512, as at 9 July 2010).Sydney:New South Wales Government,1 September. (Q2602)Full Citation

257.

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