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Armed violence prevention, gun control laws and the small arms trade:

Australia — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law



Federal firearm regulation is limited: each state has its own gun law.
For state and territory comparisons, choose from the 'Go To' menu.

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Australia is

2005: 3,050,0001
1997: 2,500,0002
1996: 3,200,000
1988: 3,500,0003
1975: 2,055,0004

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) in Australia is

2005: 15.01
1997: 13.585
1996: 17.59
1988: 21.34
1975: 14.92

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

ChartIn Australia, the number of handguns in civilian possession is reported to be

2010: 120,7906
2006: 172,4227
2004/05: 192,0008

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Australia ranked at No. 259

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Australia ranked at No. 421

Proportion of Households with Firearms

ChartIn Australia, the percentage of households with one or more guns is reported to be

2005: 6.2%10
2003: 8.7%10
2000: 8%11
1994: 16.0%10
1992: 15.1%12
1989: 20.1%10 13
1988: 25%14
1979: 20%3

Proportion of Households with Rifles

In Australia, the percentage of households with one or more rifles is reported to be

1992: 12.5%12

Proportion of Households with Shotguns

In Australia, the percentage of households with one or more shotguns is reported to be

1992: 6.9%12

Proportion of Households with Handguns

ChartIn Australia, the percentage of households with one or more handguns is reported to be

2005: 0.3%10
2003: 1.1%
1994: 1.6%10 12
1989: 1.6%10

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

ChartThe number of licensed gun owners in Australia is reported to be

2012: 730,00015 16
2010: 873,62517
2007: 731,5678
2006: 478,32618 19
2001: 764,51820 21 8 19
1997: 1,200,00022
1989: 2,381,00013

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Australia is

2012: 3.325
2010: 4.06
2007: 3.53
2006: 2.36
2001: 3.96
1997: 6.52
1989: 14.27

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Australia is reported to be

2012: 2,750,00015 16
2011: 2,700,00023 24 25
2010: 2,675,78517
2007: 2,500,0008
2006: 2,653,14018 19
2001: 2,165,17020 21 8 19
1997: 2,500,00022 2
1996: 3,200,00019
1989: 4,000,00013
1975: 1,354,700 26

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in Australia is

2012: 12.495
2011: 12.40
2010: 12.44
2007: 12.05
2006: 12.95
2001: 11.22
1997: 13.58
1996: 17.59
1989: 23.98
1975: 9.84

Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Australia there are estimated to be 260,00016 24 to 6 million27

Estimated Rate of Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Australia there are estimated to be 1.185 illicit firearms per 100 people

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Australia are reported to have 113,00028 firearms

Routine Arming of Police

In Australia, police officers on routine patrol carry one or more firearms29

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Australia are reported to have 61,21130 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Australia, annual deaths resulting from firearms31 total

2014: 23032
2013: 208
2012: 226
2011: 188
2010: 232
2009: 226
2008: 231
2007: 231
2006: 242
2005: 220
2004: 241
2003: 28932 33
2002: 292
2001: 326
2000: 32433
1999: 347
1998: 312
1997: 428
1996: 516
1995: 470
1994: 516
1993: 513
1992: 608
1991: 618
1990: 595
1989: 549
1988: 674
1987: 694
1986: 677
1985: 682
1984: 675
1983: 644
1982: 689
1981: 618
1980: 687
1979: 685

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Australia, the annual rate of all gun deaths31 per 100,000 population is

2014: 1.0234
2013: 0.93
2012: 1.03
2011: 0.86
2010: 1.08
2009: 1.06
2008: 1.10
2007: 1.11
2006: 1.18
2005: 1.09
2004: 1.21
2003: 1.46
2002: 1.49
2001: 1.69
2000: 1.70
1999: 1.84
1998: 1.68
1997: 2.32
1996: 2.84
1995: 2.61
1994: 2.90
1993: 2.91
1992: 3.49
1991: 3.59
1990: 3.51
1989: 3.29
1988: 4.11
1987: 4.30
1986: 4.26
1985: 4.35
1984: 4.35
1983: 4.20
1982: 4.54
1981: 4.14
1980: 4.70
1979: 3.29

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Australia, annual homicides by any means total

2014: 23535
2013: 227
2012: 28535 36 37
2011: 24335 38 36 37 39 40
2010: 25835 38 41 42 37 39
2009: 272
2008: 25135 38 41 42 37 39
2007: 216
2006: 256
2005: 199
2004: 164
2003: 27838 41 42 37 39
2002: 291
2001: 30041 42 37 39
1999/00: 34042 37 39
1998/99: 34142 39
1997/98: 312
1996/97: 319
1995/96: 358
1994/95: 342
1993/94: 34242
1992/93: 360
1991/92: 331
1990/91: 351
1989/90: 331

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Australia, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2014: 1.0443
2013: 1.02
2012: 1.2943 37
2011: 1.1243 37 39 40
2010: 1.2043 37 39
2009: 1.28
2008: 1.19
2007: 1.04
2006: 1.25
2005: 0.98
2004: 0.82
2003: 1.41
2002: 1.49
2001: 1.55
2000: 1.78
1999: 1.8143 39
1998: 1.68
1997: 1.73
1996: 1.97
1995: 1.90
1994: 1.9243
1993: 2.04
1992: 1.90
1991: 2.04
1990: 1.95

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Australia, annual firearm homicides31 total

2014: 3135
2013: 35
2012: 4235 44 37
2011: 3235 38 44 37
2010: 3935 38 41 45 37
2009: 3735 38 41 46 37 39
2008: 2735 38 41 37 39
2007: 2635 38 41 37 39 47
2006: 4135 38 41 37 39
2005: 1935 38 41 37 39 48
2004: 1735 38 41 39
2003: 5438 41 49 33 39
2002: 4538 41 49 33 39
2001: 4741 49 33 39
2000: 5749 33 39
1999: 50
1998: 57
1997: 79
1996: 104
1995: 67
1994: 7649 33
1993: 64
1992: 96
1991: 84
1990: 79
1989: 80
1988: 123

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Australia, the annual rate of firearm homicide31 per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.1443
2013: 0.16
2012: 0.19
2011: 0.15
2010: 0.18
2009: 0.1743 39
2008: 0.13
2007: 0.13
2006: 0.20
2005: 0.09
2004: 0.09
2003: 0.2743 49 39
2002: 0.23
2001: 0.24
2000: 0.3049 39
1999: 0.26
1998: 0.30
1997: 0.43
1996: 0.57
1995: 0.37
1994: 0.4349
1993: 0.36
1992: 0.55
1991: 0.49
1990: 0.46
1989: 0.48
1988: 0.74

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Australia, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2012: 16%50 37
2011: 12%50 37 40
2010: 12%50 37
2009: 13%50 37
2008: 12%
2007: 9%
2006: 14%
2005: 15%
2004: 17%50
2003: 15%
2002: 14%
2001: 21%50 37
2000: 20%50 39
1999: 18%
1998: 21%
1997: 22%
1996: 22%
1995: 25%
1994: 19%50
1993: 25%
1992: 20%
1991: 21%
1990: 25%

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn Australia, annual handgun homicides total

2014: 435
2013: 3
2012: 4
2011: 635 38
2010: 635 38 41
2009: 9
2008: 7
2007: 1
2006: 14
2005: 435
2004: 2
2003: 638 41
2002: 12
2001: 1341

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Australia, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0243
2013: 0.01
2012: 0.02
2011: 0.03
2010: 0.03
2009: 0.04
2008: 0.03
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.07
2005: 0.02
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.03
2002: 0.06
2001: 0.07

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn Australia, annual long gun homicides total

2014: 1935
2013: 11
2012: 14
2011: 1735 38
2010: 2235 38 41
2009: 18
2008: 11
2007: 14
2006: 15
2005: 10
2004: 5
2003: 2438 41
2002: 20
2001: 1041

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Australia, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0843
2013: 0.05
2012: 0.06
2011: 0.08
2010: 0.10
2009: 0.08
2008: 0.05
2007: 0.07
2006: 0.07
2005: 0.05
2004: 0.03
2003: 0.12
2002: 0.10
2001: 0.05

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Australia, annual gun homicides (other) total

2014: 835
2013: 21
2012: 24
2011: 935 38
2010: 1135 38 41
2009: 1035 38 41
2008: 9
2007: 11
2006: 12
2005: 5
2004: 10
2003: 2438 41
2002: 13
2001: 2441

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Australia, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0443
2013: 0.09
2012: 0.11
2011: 0.04
2010: 0.05
2009: 0.05
2008: 0.04
2007: 0.05
2006: 0.06
2005: 0.02
2004: 0.05
2003: 0.12
2002: 0.07
2001: 0.12

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Australia, annual suicides by any means total

2014: 2,86151
2013: 2,568
2012: 2,580
2011: 2,39251 52
2010: 2,47851 52 53
2009: 2,335
2008: 2,340
2007: 2,227
2006: 2,118
2005: 2,101
2004: 2,098
2003: 2,21352 53 49
2002: 2,320
2001: 2,45453 49
2000: 2,36349
1999: 2,492
1998: 2,683
1997: 2,720
1996: 2,393
1995: 2,368
1994: 2,258
1993: 2,081
1992: 2,294
1991: 2,360
1990: 2,161
1989: 2,096
1988: 2,197

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Australia, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2014: 12.7143
2013: 11.54
2012: 11.72
2011: 10.99
2010: 11.52
2009: 10.98
2008: 11.14
2007: 10.73
2006: 10.34
2005: 10.38
2004: 10.49
2003: 11.2043 49
2002: 11.88
2001: 12.72
2000: 12.3449
1999: 13.17
1998: 14.34
1997: 14.69
1996: 13.07
1995: 13.10
1994: 12.65
1993: 11.78
1992: 13.11
1991: 13.65
1990: 12.66
1989: 12.47
1988: 13.29

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Australia, annual firearm suicides total

2014: 17851
2013: 166
2012: 177
2011: 14451 52
2010: 17151 52 53
2009: 174
2008: 183
2007: 190
2006: 181
2005: 147
2004: 167
2003: 19352 53 49 33
2002: 217
2001: 26153 49 33
2000: 22249 33
1999: 269
1998: 235
1997: 329
1996: 382
1995: 388
1994: 420
1993: 431
1992: 488
1991: 505
1990: 486
1989: 450
1988: 521

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Australia, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.7943
2013: 0.76
2012: 0.80
2011: 0.66
2010: 0.79
2009: 0.82
2008: 0.87
2007: 0.92
2006: 0.88
2005: 0.73
2004: 0.84
2003: 0.9843 49
2002: 1.11
2001: 1.35
2000: 1.1649
1999: 1.42
1998: 1.26
1997: 1.78
1996: 2.09
1995: 2.15
1994: 2.35
1993: 2.44
1992: 2.79
1991: 2.92
1990: 2.85
1989: 2.68
1988: 3.15

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn Australia, annual handgun suicides total

2014: 1751
2013: 23
2012: 12
2011: 1751 52
2010: 1851 52 53
2009: 17
2008: 25
2007: 15
2006: 15
2005: 14
2004: 13
2003: 2552 53
2002: 24
2001: 3453

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Australia, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0843
2013: 0.10
2012: 0.05
2011: 0.08
2010: 0.08
2009: 0.08
2008: 0.12
2007: 0.07
2006: 0.07
2005: 0.07
2004: 0.07
2003: 0.13
2002: 0.12
2001: 0.18

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn Australia, the number of long gun suicides is

2014: 12851
2013: 131
2012: 135
2011: 11651 52
2010: 14151 52 53
2009: 139
2008: 140
2007: 146
2006: 150
2005: 127
2004: 99
2003: 13352 53
2002: 165
2001: 17353

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Australia, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.5743
2013: 0.59
2012: 0.61
2011: 0.53
2010: 0.66
2009: 0.65
2008: 0.67
2007: 0.70
2006: 0.73
2005: 0.63
2004: 0.50
2003: 0.67
2002: 0.84
2001: 0.90

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn Australia, annual gun suicides (other) total

2014: 3351
2013: 12
2012: 30
2011: 1151 52
2010: 1251 52 53
2009: 18
2008: 18
2007: 29
2006: 16
2005: 6
2004: 55
2003: 3552 53
2002: 28
2001: 5453

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Australia, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.1543
2013: 0.05
2012: 0.14
2011: 0.05
2010: 0.06
2009: 0.08
2008: 0.09
2007: 0.14
2006: 0.08
2005: 0.03
2004: 0.28
2003: 0.18
2002: 0.14
2001: 0.28

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Australia, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2014: 354
2013: 3
2012: 3
2011: 754 55
2010: 1154 55 56
2009: 7
2008: 5
2007: 4
2006: 8
2005: 50
2004: 54
2003: 4055 56 49 33
2002: 30
2001: 18
2000: 4549 33
1999: 28
1998: 22
1997: 19
1996: 30
1995: 15
1994: 20
1993: 18
1992: 24
1991: 29
1990: 30
1989: 19
1988: 30

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Australia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0143
2013: 0.01
2012: 0.01
2011: 0.03
2010: 0.05
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.04
2005: 0.25
2004: 0.27
2003: 0.2043 49
2002: 0.15
2001: 0.09
2000: 0.2349
1999: 0.15
1998: 0.12
1997: 0.10
1996: 0.16
1995: 0.08
1994: 0.11
1993: 0.10
1992: 0.14
1991: 0.17
1990: 0.18
1989: 0.11
1988: 0.18

Unintentional Handgun Deaths

ChartIn Australia, annual unintentional shooting deaths by handgun total

2014: 054
2013: 1
2012: 0
2011: 054 55
2010: 154 55 56
2009: 0
2008: 1
2007: 0
2006: 1
2005: 054
2004: 2
2003: 355 56

Rate of Unintentional Handgun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Australia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by handgun per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0043
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.00
2009: 0.00
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.00
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.02

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn Australia, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2014: 354
2013: 1
2012: 3
2011: 754 55
2010: 954 55 56
2009: 5
2008: 3
2007: 3
2006: 6
2005: 3
2004: 8
2003: 1155 56
2002: 10
2001: 656

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Australia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0143
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.01
2011: 0.03
2010: 0.04
2009: 0.02
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.03
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.04
2003: 0.06
2002: 0.05
2001: 0.03

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn Australia, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2014: 054
2013: 1
2012: 0
2011: 054 55
2010: 154 55 56
2009: 2
2008: 1
2007: 1
2006: 1
2005: 47
2004: 44
2003: 2655 56
2002: 20
2001: 1256

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Australia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0043
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.00
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.23
2004: 0.22
2003: 0.13
2002: 0.10
2001: 0.06

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Australia, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 1857
2013: 4
2012: 4
2011: 557 58
2010: 1157 58 59
2009: 8
2008: 16
2007: 11
2006: 12
2005: 457
2004: 3
2003: 249
2002: 0
1999: 260
1998: 849
1997: 3
1996: 5
1995: 3
1994: 6
1993: 6
1992: 7
1991: 5
1990: 15
1989: 13
1988: 17

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Australia, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0843
2013: 0.02
2012: 0.02
2011: 0.02
2010: 0.05
2009: 0.04
2008: 0.08
2007: 0.05
2006: 0.06
2005: 0.02
2004: 0.02
2003: 0.0149
2002: 0.00
1999: 0.0160
1998: 0.0449
1997: 0.02
1996: 0.03
1995: 0.02
1994: 0.03
1993: 0.03
1992: 0.04
1991: 0.03
1990: 0.09
1989: 0.08
1988: 0.10

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Australia, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 157
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 057 58
2010: 257 58 59
2009: 0
2008: 1
2007: 0
2006: 1
2005: 257
2004: 0

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Australia, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0043
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.01
2009: 0.00
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.00

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Australia, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 757
2013: 1
2012: 0
2011: 457 58
2010: 257 58 59
2009: 1
2008: 4
2007: 3
2006: 2
2005: 257
2004: 2

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Australia, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0343
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.02
2010: 0.01
2009: 0.00
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.01

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Australia, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 1057
2013: 3
2012: 4
2011: 157 58
2010: 757 58 59
2009: 7
2008: 11
2007: 8
2006: 9
2005: 057
2004: 1

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Australia, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0443
2013: 0.01
2012: 0.02
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.03
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.05
2007: 0.04
2006: 0.04
2005: 0.00
2004: 0.01

Justifiable Gun Homicides

ChartIn Australia, annual legal-intervention gun homicides total

2014: 961
2013: 2
2012: 5
2011: 2
2010: 961 62
2009: 4
2008: 4
2007: 6
2006: 3
2005: 1
2004: 2
2002: 1062
2001: 4
2000: 563
1999: 464
1998: 765
1997: 766

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Australia, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence67 68

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, Australia was ranked 'small'69

Home-made Guns

In Australia, the prevalence of illicit craft, or 'home-made' firearm manufacture is reported to be low70 71 72

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Regulation of Firearm Exports

In Australia, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law73 74 75

Firearm Exports (Number) - Manufacturers

The annual number of firearms exported from Australia is reported by manufacturers to be

2010/11: 4,54076

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Australia is reported by Customs to be US$11,077,63077 (2011)78 79

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Australia was categorized as 'major'80 81 82

Regulation of Firearm Imports

In Australia, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law73 83 74 75

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Australia is reported by Customs to be US$104,812,08077 (2011)84 85 86 87 88 89 90

Firearm Imports (Number) - Customs

ChartThe annual number of firearms imported to Australia is reported to be

2015: 104,32391 92
2014: 98,351
2013: 88,185
2012: 90,006
2011: 72,586
2010: 73,701
2009: 57,522
2008: 58,111
2007: 47,820
2006: 39,389
2005: 38,786
2004: 36,980
2003: 40,939
2002: 28,016
2001: 30,666
2000: 33,152
1999: 18,405
1998: 34,837
1997: 89,760
1996: 44,802
1979: 104,14993
1978: 108,854
1977: 194,764
1976: 191,359
1975: 166,364

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Australia is low70 92 72 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Australia, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law103

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Australia include104 105 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

ChartIn its annual Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer, the Small Arms Survey compares public reporting among major arms exporting nations on a scale from strong to weak (25 to zero). In recent years, Australia scored

2016: 12.25106
2014: 11.25107
2013: 10.25108
2012: 10.00109
2011: 10.25110
2010: 10.25111
2009: 10.25112
2008: 11.25113
2007: 11.25114
2006: 10.00115
2005: 11.25116
2004: 11.25117

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Australia is categorised as restrictive118

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Australia includes the National Firearms Agreement (NFA) 1996, the National Firearms Trafficking Policy Agreement (NFTPA) 2002, the National Handgun Agreement (NHA) 2002,119 120 and the Firearms Acts and Regulations of each State and Territory121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Australia are regulated by the local State and Territory authorities138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145

Right to Possess Firearms

In Australia, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law146 147 148 149 150

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Australia, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic and semi-automatic firearms, self-loading and pump action shotguns, handguns with a calibre in excess of .38in with only narrow exemptions, semi-automatic handguns with a barrel length less than 120mm, and revolvers with a barrel length less than 100mm151 152 120 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Australia, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited, with only narrow exceptions for permanently inoperable collector's, display, or museum guns151 152 153 154 155 156 161 162 159 160 40

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Australia, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons and their lookalikes is prohibited in all but exceptional circumstances152 153 154 155 156 157 158 163

Regulation of Handguns

In Australia, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is only permitted subject to stringent conditions152 164 120 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 40

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Australia, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law152 153 154 155 156 157 158 163 40

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Australia, only licensed gun owners173 174 175 176 141 177 178 179 180 40 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Australia are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, target shooting, collection, pest control, and narrow occupational uses.181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189
In law, personal protection is not a genuine reason190 191 192

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Australia is 18 years, or as young as 10 years while under the immediate supervision of an appropriately licensed adult173 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Australia must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental health, physical, addiction, domestic violence, residential and other201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 40 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Australia, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are required for some licence categories in some jurisdictions210 211 212 213

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Australia stipulates201 214 215 204 216 206 217 208 218 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Australia, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required219 220 221 222 223 207 224 225 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Australia, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every one to five years depending on the licence category173 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233

Licensing Records

In Australia, authorities maintain a record234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Australia are permitted to possess only the number and type of firearms specified on their licence or acquisition permit182 244 245 246 247 141 248 249 250 248 251

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Australia are permitted to possess ammunition only for those firearms for which the purchaser is licensed, with a limit on the quantity of ammunition that may be purchased in a given period252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 251

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Australia, the law requires260 261 234 242 237 236 239 241 240 243 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Australia, licensed firearm dealers are required262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 243 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Australia, licensed gun makers are required270 243 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Australia, State agencies are required271 272 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Australia, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited unless conducted and registered by a licensed firearm dealer, or in remote locations by police252 273 274 275 276 277 278 279

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Australia, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful252 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287

Limit on Gun Dealer Sales

In Australia, the number and type of firearms which can be sold by a licensed gun dealer to a single gun owner is limited to one firearm per acquisition permit, in accordance with the particular firearm licence category244 245 288 247 289 248 290 250 248 251

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In Australia, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is 28 days for a first sale or transfer, with exemptions in some states and territories for subsequent acquisition of the same type of firearm for which the owner already holds a licence244 291 288 292 293 294 207 295 296

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Australia, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events in some jurisdictions, are regulated297 298 299 300 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Australia include301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Australia include310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Australia include272 271 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Australia include318 319 320 321 322 323 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Australia, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law68

Firearm Tracing

In Australia, state authorities carry out324 325 326 327 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Australia, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are not328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 recorded in a register

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Australia, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is prohibited without genuine reason. In law, personal protection is not a genuine reason.190 191 346 347 348 349 350 192 40

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Australia, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is prohibited without genuine reason. In law, personal protection is not a genuine reason.190 191 346 347 348 349 350 192 40

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Australia, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm351 is 20 years in prison, depending on the jurisdiction and category of firearm352 175 176 353 354 178 179 180 355

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in Australia are known to have356 357 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Australia, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2015: 3,000358
2012/14: 3,000359
2011/12: 3,485360 361 362 363
2010/11: 5,922361 362 363
2009/10: 5,798361 362
2008/11: 4,000364 362
2005/06: 5,1578 362
2003/04: 68,727365 366
1987/2015: 1,121,577367 356 357 368

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn Australia, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2015: 17,081369
2011/12: 3,485360 361
2010/11: 3,857361
2009/10: 3,109361
1987/2015: 1,121,577367 356 357 368

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Australia, it is not state policy370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

Pacific Islands Forum

As a member of the Pacific Islands Forum, Australia adopted the March, 2000 Nadi Framework agreement, which aims to harmonise small arms-related legislation across Oceania. In August 2003, the Nadi Framework’s draft model Weapons Control Bill was unanimously accepted for consideration by all 16 member states of the Pacific Islands Forum378 379

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 2006380 by Australia.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified381 by Australia

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed, but not yet ratified382 by Australia

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Australia committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects383

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Australia against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 22384 385 386 387 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Australia has submitted one or more national reports388 389 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Australia, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated390 389

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Australia, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated390 389

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Australia submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent390 389 391

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been donated392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 by Australia to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Australia has declared400 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Australia has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1945401

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies lists402 Australia as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Australia, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Australia ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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210.

Australian Capital Territory.2008.‘Shooting Clubs, Conditions of Approval.’ Firearms Regulation 2008 (SL2008-55, Republication No 13, effective 1 December 2015).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,22 December. (Q2664)Full Citation

211.

Victoria.1998.‘Approved Firearms Collectors Clubs - Requirements as to Members and Former Members.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 080, as of 1 December 2015).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2668)Full Citation

212.

Queensland.1996.‘Category H Weapons - Club Letter Certifying Need for Weapon.’ Weapons Regulation 1996 (As in force on 1 July 2015).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 December. (Q2734)Full Citation

213.

Northern Territory.1997.‘Restriction on Grant of Category H Sports Shooter's Licence.’ Firearms Act 1997 (Reprint, as in force at 1 May 2016).Darwin:Northern Territory Government,13 March. (Q2763)Full Citation

214.

Australian Capital Territory.1996.‘Adult Firearms Licences - Mandatory Suspension.’ Australian Capital Territory Firearms Act 1996 (A1996-74 - Republication No.45, effective 27 April 2016).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,1 January. (Q2543)Full Citation

215.

New South Wales.1996.‘Suspension of Licence.’ Firearms Act 1996 No 46 (Act Current to 24 November 2015).Sydney:New South Wales Government,28 June. (Q2576)Full Citation

216.

Victoria.1998.‘Surrender of Firearms and Licence Document.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 080, as of 1 December 2015).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2667)Full Citation

217.

Northern Territory.1997.‘Suspension on Making of Interim Domestic Violence Order.’ Firearms Act 1997 (Reprint, as in force at 1 May 2016).Darwin:Northern Territory Government,13 March. (Q2779)Full Citation

218.

Western Australia.1973.‘Disqualification by Court Imposing Violence Restraining Order.’ Firearms Act 1973 (Version 05-00-00, reprinted under the Reprints Act 1984 as at 13 February 2015).Perth:State Law Publisher,18 October. (Q3052)Full Citation

219.

Australia.1996.‘Training as a Prerequisite for Licensing.’ Special Firearms Meeting - the 'Nationwide Agreement on Firearms'.Canberra:Australasian Police Ministers' Council,10 May. (Q2585)Full Citation

220.

Australian Capital Territory.1996.‘Adult Firearms Licences - Refusal.’ Australian Capital Territory Firearms Act 1996 (A1996-74 - Republication No.45, effective 27 April 2016).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,1 January. (Q2518)Full Citation

221.

Tasmania.1996.‘Safety Courses.’ Firearms Act 1996 (Act as at 4 November 2015).Hobart:Legislative Council and House of Assembly,30 August. (Q2998)Full Citation

222.

Victoria.1998.‘General Discretion of Chief Commissioner to Refuse a Longarm or Handgun Licence.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 080, as of 1 December 2015).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2618)Full Citation

223.

Queensland.1990.‘Adequate Knowledge of Weapon.’ Weapons Act 1990 (As in force on 20 November 2015).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 September. (Q2674)Full Citation

224.

South Australia.2008.‘Training and Examinations.’ Firearms Regulations 2008 (Version: 1.7.2015).Adelaide:Parliament of South Australia,1 September. (Q2913)Full Citation

225.

Western Australia.1973.‘Training Courses.’ Firearms Act 1973 (Version 05-00-00, reprinted under the Reprints Act 1984 as at 13 February 2015).Perth:State Law Publisher,18 October. (Q2747)Full Citation

226.

Australian Capital Territory.2008.‘Adult Licences, Period.’ Firearms Regulation 2008 (SL2008-55, Republication No 13, effective 1 December 2015).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,22 December. (Q2625)Full Citation

227.

New South Wales.2006.‘Term of Licence.’ Firearms Regulation 2006 (2006-512, as at 1 January 2014).Sydney:New South Wales Government,1 September. (Q2587)Full Citation

228.

Tasmania.2006.‘Period of Licences.’ Firearms Regulations 2006 (Regulations as of 4 November 2015).Hobart:Governor of the State of Tasmania,16 October. (Q3002)Full Citation

229.

Victoria.1998.‘Duration of Licence.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 080, as of 1 December 2015).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2622)Full Citation

230.

Queensland.1990.‘Term of Licence.’ Weapons Act 1990 (As in force on 20 November 2015).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 September. (Q2679)Full Citation

231.

Northern Territory.1997.‘Period of Licence.’ Firearms Act 1997 (Reprint, as in force at 1 May 2016).Darwin:Northern Territory Government,13 March. (Q2766)Full Citation

232.

South Australia.1977.‘Term and Renewal of Licence.’ Firearms Act 1977 (Version: 7.2.2014).Adelaide:Parliament of South Australia,12 May. (Q2894)Full Citation

233.

Western Australia.1973.‘Duration and Renewal of Licences.’ Firearms Act 1973 (Version 05-00-00, reprinted under the Reprints Act 1984 as at 13 February 2015).Perth:State Law Publisher,18 October. (Q2745)Full Citation

234.

New South Wales.1996.‘Register of Firearms.’ Firearms Act 1996 No 46 (Act Current to 24 November 2015).Sydney:New South Wales Government,28 June. (Q2500)Full Citation

235.

Australian Capital Territory.1996.‘Contents of Register.’ Australian Capital Territory Firearms Act 1996 (A1996-74 - Republication No.45, effective 27 April 2016).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,1 January. (Q2563)Full Citation

236.

Queensland.1990.‘Commissioner to Maintain Firearms Register.’ Weapons Act 1990 (As in force on 20 November 2015).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 September. (Q2684)Full Citation

237.

Victoria.1998.‘Keeping of Register.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 080, as of 1 December 2015).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2641)Full Citation

238.

Victoria.1998.‘Certificate of Registration.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 080, as of 1 December 2015).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2642)Full Citation

239.

Northern Territory.1997.‘Register.’ Firearms Act 1997 (Reprint, as in force at 1 May 2016).Darwin:Northern Territory Government,13 March. (Q2760)Full Citation

240.

Western Australia.1974.‘Register.’ Firearms Regulations 1974 (Version 07-d0-01, as at 22 July 2015).Perth:State Law Publisher,1 July. (Q2834)Full Citation

241.

South Australia.1977.‘Registers.’ Firearms Act 1977 (Version: 7.2.2014).Adelaide:Parliament of South Australia,12 May. (Q2883)Full Citation

242.

Tasmania.1996.‘Register of Firearms.’ Firearms Act 1996 (Act as at 4 November 2015).Hobart:Legislative Council and House of Assembly,30 August. (Q2976)Full Citation

243.

Parker, Sarah.2011.‘Balancing Act: Regulation of Civilian Firearm Possession.’ Small Arms Survey 2011: States of Security.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,6 July. (Q5380)Full Citation

244.

Australia.1996.‘Permit to Acquire.’ Special Firearms Meeting - the 'Nationwide Agreement on Firearms'.Canberra:Australasian Police Ministers' Council,10 May. (Q2583)Full Citation

245.

Australian Capital Territory.1996.‘Permits to Acquire - Applications.’ Australian Capital Territory Firearms Act 1996 (A1996-74 - Republication No.45, effective 27 April 2016).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,1 January. (Q2560)Full Citation

246.

New South Wales.1996.‘Licence Categories and Authority Conferred by Licence - Category C.’ Firearms Act 1996 No 46 (Act Current to 24 November 2015).Sydney:New South Wales Government,28 June. (Q2482)Full Citation

247.

Tasmania.1996.‘Application for Permit to Acquire Firearm.’ Firearms Act 1996 (Act as at 4 November 2015).Hobart:Legislative Council and House of Assembly,30 August. (Q2968)Full Citation

248.

South Australia.1977.‘Reasons for Refusal of Permit.’ Firearms Act 1977 (Version: 7.2.2014).Adelaide:Parliament of South Australia,12 May. (Q3056)Full Citation

249.

Queensland.1990.‘Limitation on Number of Concealable Firearms Particular Licensees May Acquire.’ Weapons Act 1990 (As in force on 20 November 2015).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 September. (Q2699)Full Citation

250.

Northern Territory.1997.‘Firearms Dealer Licence.’ Firearms Act 1997 (Reprint, as in force at 1 May 2016).Darwin:Northern Territory Government,13 March. (Q2770)Full Citation

251.

Western Australia.1973.‘Genuine Reason Required in All Cases.’ Firearms Act 1973 (Version 05-00-00, reprinted under the Reprints Act 1984 as at 13 February 2015).Perth:State Law Publisher,18 October. (Q2749)Full Citation

252.

Australia.1996.‘Recording of Sales.’ Special Firearms Meeting - the 'Nationwide Agreement on Firearms'.Canberra:Australasian Police Ministers' Council,10 May. (Q985)Full Citation

253.

Australian Capital Territory.1996.‘Offence - Sale of Ammunition by Licensed Firearms Dealers.’ Australian Capital Territory Firearms Act 1996 (A1996-74 - Republication No.45, effective 27 April 2016).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,1 January. (Q2665)Full Citation

254.

New South Wales.1996.‘Supply, Acquisition and Possession of Ammunition.’ Firearms Act 1996 No 46 (Act Current to 24 November 2015).Sydney:New South Wales Government,28 June. (Q2548)Full Citation

255.

Tasmania.2006.‘Amount of Ammunition.’ Firearms Regulations 2006 (Regulations as of 4 November 2015).Hobart:Governor of the State of Tasmania,16 October. (Q3001)Full Citation

256.

Victoria.1998.‘Possession of Cartridge Ammunition.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 080, as of 1 December 2015).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q3055)Full Citation

257.

Queensland.1996.‘Prohibition on Possession of Particular Magazines - Category H Weapons.’ Weapons Regulation 1996 (As in force on 1 July 2015).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 December. (Q2741)Full Citation

258.

Northern Territory.1997.‘General Conditions of Licence.’ Firearms Act 1997 (Reprint, as in force at 1 May 2016).Darwin:Northern Territory Government,13 March. (Q2765)Full Citation

259.

South Australia.2008.‘Limit on Quantity of Ammunition.’ Firearms Regulations 2008 (Version: 1.7.2015).Adelaide:Parliament of South Australia,1 September. (Q2922)Full Citation

260.

Australia.1996.‘Effective Nationwide Registration of All Firearms.’ Special Firearms Meeting - the 'Nationwide Agreement on Firearms'.Canberra:Australasian Police Ministers' Council,10 May. (Q995)Full Citation

261.

Australian Capital Territory.1996.‘Register of Firearms.’ Australian Capital Territory Firearms Act 1996 (A1996-74 - Republication No.45, effective 27 April 2016).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,1 January. (Q2562)Full Citation

262.

Australian Capital Territory.1996.‘Offence - Inspection of Records.’ Australian Capital Territory Firearms Act 1996 (A1996-74 - Republication No.45, effective 27 April 2016).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,1 January. (Q2568)Full Citation

263.

New South Wales.1996.‘Recording of Transactions.’ Firearms Act 1996 No 46 (Act Current to 24 November 2015).Sydney:New South Wales Government,28 June. (Q2550)Full Citation

264.

Tasmania.1996.‘Record of Dealings.’ Firearms Act 1996 (Act as at 4 November 2015).Hobart:Legislative Council and House of Assembly,30 August. (Q2988)Full Citation

265.

Victoria.1998.‘Requirement to Keep Register of Transactions.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 080, as of 1 December 2015).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2640)Full Citation

266.

Queensland.1990.‘Licensed Dealers and Armourers to Keep Register.’ Weapons Act 1990 (As in force on 20 November 2015).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 September. (Q2693)Full Citation

267.

Northern Territory.1997.‘Records and Returns to be Kept by Dealers.’ Firearms Act 1997 (Reprint, as in force at 1 May 2016).Darwin:Northern Territory Government,13 March. (Q2772)Full Citation

268.

South Australia.1977.‘Records.’ Firearms Act 1977 (Version: 7.2.2014).Adelaide:Parliament of South Australia,12 May. (Q2893)Full Citation

269.

Western Australia.1973.‘Records.’ Firearms Act 1973 (Version 05-00-00, reprinted under the Reprints Act 1984 as at 13 February 2015).Perth:State Law Publisher,18 October. (Q2756)Full Citation

270.

Australia.2012.‘Record-keeping by Manufacturers.’ National Report of Australia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Australia to the United Nations,23 March. (Q6496)Full Citation

271.

Australia.2008.‘Accounting for Small Arms and Light Weapons.’ National Report of Australia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Australia to the United Nations,1 July. (Q1739)Full Citation

272.

Australia.2008.‘Accounting for Small Arms and Light Weapons.’ National Report of Australia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Australia to the United Nations,1 July. (Q1738)Full Citation

273.

Australian Capital Territory.1996.‘Offence - Unlawful Acquisition of Firearms.’ Australian Capital Territory Firearms Act 1996 (A1996-74 - Republication No.45, effective 27 April 2016).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,1 January. (Q2569)Full Citation

274.

New South Wales.1996.‘Restrictions on Supply of Firearms.’ Firearms Act 1996 No 46 (Act Current to 24 November 2015).Sydney:New South Wales Government,28 June. (Q2546)Full Citation

275.

Tasmania.1996.‘Sale and Possession of Ammunition.’ Firearms Act 1996 (Act as at 4 November 2015).Hobart:Legislative Council and House of Assembly,30 August. (Q2990)Full Citation

276.

Victoria.1998.‘Prohibition on Acquisition of Firearm Except from Licensed Firearms Dealer.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 080, as of 1 December 2015).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2663)Full Citation

277.

Queensland.1990.‘Acquisition of Weapons.’ Weapons Act 1990 (As in force on 20 November 2015).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 September. (Q2680)Full Citation

278.

Northern Territory.1997.‘Sale of Firearms.’ Firearms Act 1997 (Reprint, as in force at 1 May 2016).Darwin:Northern Territory Government,13 March. (Q2781)Full Citation

279.

South Australia.1977.‘Obligations of Prescribed Person.’ Firearms Act 1977 (Version: 7.2.2014).Adelaide:Parliament of South Australia,12 May. (Q2890)Full Citation

280.

Australian Capital Territory.1996.‘Offence - Firearms Dealers to be Licensed.’ Australian Capital Territory Firearms Act 1996 (A1996-74 - Republication No.45, effective 27 April 2016).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,1 January. (Q2567)Full Citation

281.

New South Wales.1996.‘Licence Categories and Authority Conferred by Licence - Firearms Dealer Licence.’ Firearms Act 1996 No 46 (Act Current to 24 November 2015).Sydney:New South Wales Government,28 June. (Q2485)Full Citation

282.

Tasmania.1996.‘Dealing in Firearms.’ Firearms Act 1996 (Act as at 4 November 2015).Hobart:Legislative Council and House of Assembly,30 August. (Q2945)Full Citation

283.

Victoria.1998.‘Issue of Dealers Licences.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 080, as of 1 December 2015).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2638)Full Citation

284.

Queensland.1990.‘Dealers to be Licensed.’ Weapons Act 1990 (As in force on 20 November 2015).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 September. (Q2692)Full Citation

285.

Northern Territory.1997.‘Restrictions on Granting Firearms Dealer Licences.’ Firearms Regulations 1997 (Reprint, as in force at 1 May 2016).Darwin:Northern Territory Government,13 March. (Q2809)Full Citation

286.

South Australia.1977.‘Requirement for Dealer's Licence.’ Firearms Act 1977 (Version: 7.2.2014).Adelaide:Parliament of South Australia,12 May. (Q2891)Full Citation

287.

Western Australia.1973.‘Licences.’ Firearms Act 1973 (Version 05-00-00, reprinted under the Reprints Act 1984 as at 13 February 2015).Perth:State Law Publisher,18 October. (Q2752)Full Citation

288.

New South Wales.1996.‘Permits to Acquire Firearms.’ Firearms Act 1996 No 46 (Act Current to 24 November 2015).Sydney:New South Wales Government,28 June. (Q2498)Full Citation

289.

Victoria.1998.‘Issue of Permit to Acquire.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 080, as of 1 December 2015).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2661)Full Citation

290.

Queensland.1996.‘Firearms Licence - Category C Rifle and Category C Shotgun for Occupational Rural Purpose on Rural Land.’ Weapons Regulation 1996 (As in force on 1 July 2015).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 December. (Q2717)Full Citation

291.

Australian Capital Territory.1996.‘When Permits to Acquire May be Issued.’ Australian Capital Territory Firearms Act 1996 (A1996-74 - Republication No.45, effective 27 April 2016).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,1 January. (Q2561)Full Citation

292.

Tasmania.1996.‘Granting Permit.’ Firearms Act 1996 (Act as at 4 November 2015).Hobart:Legislative Council and House of Assembly,30 August. (Q2972)Full Citation

293.

Victoria.1998.‘Offence to Acquire a Firearm Without a Permit.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 080, as of 1 December 2015).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2660)Full Citation

294.

Queensland.1996.‘Waiting Period for Decision on Application for Permit to Acquire.’ Weapons Regulation 1996 (As in force on 1 July 2015).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 December. (Q2739)Full Citation

295.

South Australia.1977.‘Application for Permit.’ Firearms Act 1977 (Version: 7.2.2014).Adelaide:Parliament of South Australia,12 May. (Q2888)Full Citation

296.

Western Australia.1973.‘Licensing Procedure.’ Firearms Act 1973 (Version 05-00-00, reprinted under the Reprints Act 1984 as at 13 February 2015).Perth:State Law Publisher,18 October. (Q2753)Full Citation

297.

Australian Capital Territory.2008.‘Arms Fairs, Permits to Conduct.’ Firearms Regulation 2008 (SL2008-55, Republication No 13, effective 1 December 2015).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,22 December. (Q2636)Full Citation

298.

New South Wales.2006.‘Arms Fair Permits.’ Firearms Regulation 2006 (2006-512, as at 1 January 2014).Sydney:New South Wales Government,1 September. (Q2596)Full Citation

299.

Queensland.1990.‘Approval of Arms Fair.’ Weapons Act 1990 (As in force on 20 November 2015).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 September. (Q2696)Full Citation

300.

South Australia.2008.‘Exemption for Certain Exhibitors.’ Firearms Regulations 2008 (Version: 1.7.2015).Adelaide:Parliament of South Australia,1 September. (Q2907)Full Citation

301.

Australia.1996.‘Uniform Standard for the Security and Storage of Firearms.’ Special Firearms Meeting - the 'Nationwide Agreement on Firearms'.Canberra:Australasian Police Ministers' Council,10 May. (Q988)Full Citation

302.

Australian Capital Territory.1996.‘Offence - Failing to Comply with Storage Requirements.’ Australian Capital Territory Firearms Act 1996 (A1996-74 - Republication No.45, effective 27 April 2016).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,1 January. (Q2564)Full Citation

303.

New South Wales.1996.‘Safe Keeping of Firearms - General Requirement.’ Firearms Act 1996 No 46 (Act Current to 24 November 2015).Sydney:New South Wales Government,28 June. (Q2501)Full Citation

304.

Tasmania.1996.‘General Requirements.’ Firearms Act 1996 (Act as at 4 November 2015).Hobart:Legislative Council and House of Assembly,30 August. (Q2977)Full Citation

305.

Victoria.1998.‘Storage of Firearms Under Longarm and Handgun Licences.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 080, as of 1 December 2015).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2644)Full Citation

306.

Queensland.1990.‘Secure Storage of Weapons.’ Weapons Act 1990 (As in force on 20 November 2015).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 September. (Q2689)Full Citation

307.

Northern Territory.1997.‘Storage and Safe Keeping Requirements.’ Firearms Act 1997 (Reprint, as in force at 1 May 2016).Darwin:Northern Territory Government,13 March. (Q2780)Full Citation

308.

South Australia.2008.‘Security of Firearms.’ Firearms Regulations 2008 (Version: 1.7.2015).Adelaide:Parliament of South Australia,1 September. (Q2921)Full Citation

309.

Western Australia.1974.‘Storage Security Requirements.’ Firearms Regulations 1974 (Version 07-d0-01, as at 22 July 2015).Perth:State Law Publisher,1 July. (Q2831)Full Citation

310.

Australian Capital Territory.2008.‘Dealer Licences, Restrictions on Issue.’ Firearms Regulation 2008 (SL2008-55, Republication No 13, effective 1 December 2015).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,22 December. (Q2629)Full Citation

311.

New South Wales.1996.‘Conditions of Licence.’ Firearms Act 1996 No 46 (Act Current to 24 November 2015).Sydney:New South Wales Government,28 June. (Q2494)Full Citation

312.

Tasmania.1996.‘Firearms Dealer and Museum Licences Requirement.’ Firearms Act 1996 (Act as at 4 November 2015).Hobart:Legislative Council and House of Assembly,30 August. (Q2987)Full Citation

313.

Victoria.1998.‘Storage of Firearms Under Dealers Licences.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 080, as of 1 December 2015).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2645)Full Citation

314.

Queensland.1996.‘Storage Measures for Armourers, Dealers, and Theatrical Ordnance Suppliers - Vaults and Safes.’ Weapons Regulation 1996 (As in force on 1 July 2015).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 December. (Q2731)Full Citation

315.

Northern Territory.1997.‘Security Measures Required by Dealer.’ Firearms Act 1997 (Reprint, as in force at 1 May 2016).Darwin:Northern Territory Government,13 March. (Q2771)Full Citation

316.

South Australia.2008.‘Possession of Firearms by Dealers.’ Firearms Regulations 2008 (Version: 1.7.2015).Adelaide:Parliament of South Australia,1 September. (Q2923)Full Citation

317.

Western Australia.1973.‘Safe Keeping by Traders.’ Firearms Act 1973 (Version 05-00-00, reprinted under the Reprints Act 1984 as at 13 February 2015).Perth:State Law Publisher,18 October. (Q2757)Full Citation

318.

Australian Capital Territory.1996.‘Transport of Firearms and Ammunition.’ Australian Capital Territory Firearms Act 1996 (A1996-74 - Republication No.45, effective 27 April 2016).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,1 January. (Q2570)Full Citation

319.

New South Wales.2006.‘Non-commercial Transportation of Prohibited Firearms and Pistols - Prescribed Safety Requirements.’ Firearms Regulation 2006 (2006-512, as at 1 January 2014).Sydney:New South Wales Government,1 September. (Q2602)Full Citation

320.

Tasmania.2006.‘Safety Requirements for Conveying Other Firearms.’ Firearms Regulations 2006 (Regulations as of 4 November 2015).Hobart:Governor of the State of Tasmania,16 October. (Q3004)Full Citation

321.

Queensland.1996.‘Firearms to be Kept Unloaded Other Than When Being Used to Shoot.’ Weapons Regulation 1996 (As in force on 1 July 2015).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 December. (Q2735)Full Citation

322.

Northern Territory.1997.‘Transporting Firearms.’ Firearms Regulations 1997 (Reprint, as in force at 1 May 2016).Darwin:Northern Territory Government,13 March. (Q2821)Full Citation

323.

South Australia.2008.‘Transporting of Firearms - Exclusion from Section 35A of Act.’ Firearms Regulations 2008 (Version: 1.7.2015).Adelaide:Parliament of South Australia,1 September. (Q2927)Full Citation

324.

Dawson, Chris.2014.‘Firearms Tracing.’ Australian Crime Commission, Submission No. 75 to Senate Committee: Inquiry into the Ability of Australian Law Enforcement Authorities to Eliminate Gun-Related Violence in the Community.Canberra:Australian Crime Commission,22 August. (Q11590)Full Citation

325.

Australia.2016.‘Tracing.’ National Report of Australia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Australia to the United Nations,27 April. (Q12058)Full Citation

326.

Bricknell, Samantha.2012.‘Analysis of the Australian Crime Commission's National Firearm Trace Database.’ Firearm Trafficking and Serious and Organised Crime Gangs.Canberra:Australian Institute of Criminology,1 June. (Q8897)Full Citation

327.

ACC.2015.‘Firearm Trafficking.’ Organised Crime in Australia 2015.Canberra:Australian Crime Commission,1 May. (Q11622)Full Citation

328.

Australian Capital Territory.1996.‘Firearms Act 1996.’ Australian Capital Territory Firearms Act 1996 (A1996-74 - Republication No.45, effective 27 April 2016).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,1 January. (Q4043)Full Citation

329.

Australian Capital Territory.2008.‘Preliminary.’ Firearms Regulation 2008 (SL2008-55, Republication No 13, effective 1 December 2015).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,22 December. (Q4044)Full Citation

330.

New South Wales.1996.‘Arrangement of Sections, Preliminary, Name, Commencement, Principles and Objects of Act.’ Firearms Act 1996 No 46 (Act Current to 24 November 2015).Sydney:New South Wales Government,28 June. (Q4045)Full Citation

331.

New South Wales.2006.‘Arrangement of Sections, Preliminary, Name, Commencement and Definitions.’ Firearms Regulation 2006 (2006-512, as at 1 January 2014).Sydney:New South Wales Government,1 September. (Q4046)Full Citation

332.

Queensland.1990.‘Preliminary, Short Title, Application, Principles and Object of Act.’ Weapons Act 1990 (As in force on 20 November 2015).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 September. (Q4049)Full Citation

333.

Queensland.1996.‘Preliminary.’ Weapons Regulation 1996 (As in force on 1 July 2015).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 December. (Q4050)Full Citation

334.

Queensland.1997.‘Short Title.’ Weapons Categories Regulation 1997 (As in force 19 December 2014).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,14 November. (Q4051)Full Citation

335.

Victoria.1998.‘Purpose.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 080, as of 1 December 2015).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q4047)Full Citation

336.

Victoria.2008.‘Preliminary.’ Firearms Regulations 2008 (S.R. No. 22/2008).Melbourne:Department of Justice,8 April. (Q4048)Full Citation

337.

Northern Territory.1997.‘Arrangement of Sections, Preliminary, Short Title, Commencement and Interpretation.’ Firearms Act 1997 (Reprint, as in force at 1 May 2016).Darwin:Northern Territory Government,13 March. (Q4059)Full Citation

338.

Northern Territory.1997.‘Preliminary.’ Firearms Regulations 1997 (Reprint, as in force at 1 May 2016).Darwin:Northern Territory Government,13 March. (Q4060)Full Citation

339.

Western Australia.1973.‘Short Title, Commencement, Terms Used and Administration.’ Firearms Act 1973 (Version 05-00-00, reprinted under the Reprints Act 1984 as at 13 February 2015).Perth:State Law Publisher,18 October. (Q4063)Full Citation

340.

Western Australia.1974.‘Arrangement of Sections, Citation and Terms Used.’ Firearms Regulations 1974 (Version 07-d0-01, as at 22 July 2015).Perth:State Law Publisher,1 July. (Q4064)Full Citation

341.

South Australia.1977.‘Preliminary.’ Firearms Act 1977 (Version: 7.2.2014).Adelaide:Parliament of South Australia,12 May. (Q4052)Full Citation

342.

South Australia.2008.‘Preliminary.’ Firearms Regulations 2008 (Version: 1.7.2015).Adelaide:Parliament of South Australia,1 September. (Q4053)Full Citation

343.

Tasmania.1996.‘Firearms Act.’ Firearms Act 1996 (Act as at 4 November 2015).Hobart:Legislative Council and House of Assembly,30 August. (Q4061)Full Citation

344.

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