Find Gun Policy Facts

Armed violence prevention, gun control laws and the small arms trade:

Australia — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law



Federal firearm regulation is limited: each state has its own gun law.
For state and territory comparisons, choose from the 'Go To' menu.

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Australia is

2016: 3,150,0001 2 3
2005: 3,050,0004
1997: 2,500,0005
1996: 3,200,000
1988: 3,500,0006
1975: 2,055,0007

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) in Australia is

2016: 13.708
2005: 15.04
1997: 13.588
1996: 17.59
1988: 21.34
1975: 14.92

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

ChartIn Australia, the number of handguns in civilian possession is reported to be

2010: 120,7909
2006: 172,42210
2004/05: 192,00011

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Australia ranked at No. 2512

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Australia ranked at No. 424

Proportion of Households with Firearms

ChartIn Australia, the percentage of households with one or more guns is reported to be

2005: 6.2%13
2003: 8.7%13
2000: 8%14
1994: 16.0%13
1992: 15.1%15
1989: 20.1%13 16
1988: 25%17
1979: 20%6

Proportion of Households with Rifles

In Australia, the percentage of households with one or more rifles is reported to be

1992: 12.5%15

Proportion of Households with Shotguns

In Australia, the percentage of households with one or more shotguns is reported to be

1992: 6.9%15

Proportion of Households with Handguns

ChartIn Australia, the percentage of households with one or more handguns is reported to be

2005: 0.3%13
2003: 1.1%
1994: 1.6%13 15
1989: 1.6%13

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

ChartThe number of licensed gun owners in Australia is reported to be

2016: 816,0001
2012: 730,00018 19
2011: 734,0001
2010: 873,62520
2007: 731,56711
2006: 478,32621 22
2001: 764,51823 24 11 22
1997: 1,200,00025
1989: 2,381,00016

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Australia is

2016: 3.558
2012: 3.32
2011: 3.37
2010: 4.06
2007: 3.53
2006: 2.36
2001: 3.96
1997: 6.52
1989: 14.27

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Australia is reported to be

2016: 2,890,0001 26
2012: 2,750,00018 19
2011: 2,700,00027 1 28 29
2010: 2,675,78520
2007: 2,500,00011
2006: 2,653,14021 22
2001: 2,165,17023 24 11 22
1997: 2,500,00025 5
1996: 3,200,00022
1989: 4,000,00016
1975: 1,354,700 30

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in Australia is

2016: 12.578
2012: 12.49
2011: 12.40
2010: 12.44
2007: 12.05
2006: 12.95
2001: 11.22
1997: 13.58
1996: 17.59
1989: 23.98
1975: 9.84

Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Australia there are estimated to be 260,0002 31 28 to 6 million32

Estimated Rate of Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Australia there are estimated to be 1.13 to 27.578 illicit firearms per 100 people

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Australia are reported to have 113,00033 firearms

Routine Arming of Police

In Australia, police officers on routine patrol carry one or more firearms34

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Australia are reported to have 61,21135 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Australia, annual deaths resulting from firearms36 total

2015: 21137
2014: 230
2013: 208
2012: 226
2011: 188
2010: 232
2009: 226
2008: 231
2007: 231
2006: 242
2005: 220
2004: 241
2003: 28937 38
2002: 292
2001: 326
2000: 32438
1999: 347
1998: 312
1997: 428
1996: 516
1995: 470
1994: 516
1993: 513
1992: 608
1991: 618
1990: 595
1989: 549
1988: 674
1987: 694
1986: 677
1985: 682
1984: 675
1983: 644
1982: 689
1981: 618
1980: 687
1979: 685

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Australia, the annual rate of all gun deaths36 per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.9339
2014: 1.02
2013: 0.93
2012: 1.03
2011: 0.86
2010: 1.08
2009: 1.06
2008: 1.10
2007: 1.11
2006: 1.18
2005: 1.09
2004: 1.21
2003: 1.46
2002: 1.49
2001: 1.69
2000: 1.70
1999: 1.84
1998: 1.68
1997: 2.32
1996: 2.84
1995: 2.61
1994: 2.90
1993: 2.91
1992: 3.49
1991: 3.59
1990: 3.51
1989: 3.29
1988: 4.11
1987: 4.30
1986: 4.26
1985: 4.35
1984: 4.35
1983: 4.20
1982: 4.54
1981: 4.14
1980: 4.70
1979: 3.29

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Australia, annual homicides by any means total

2015: 26540
2014: 235
2013: 227
2012: 28540 41 42
2011: 24340 43 41 42 44 45
2010: 25840 43 46 47 42 44
2009: 272
2008: 25140 43 46 47 42 44
2007: 216
2006: 256
2005: 199
2004: 164
2003: 27843 46 47 42 44
2002: 291
2001: 30046 47 42 44
1999/00: 34047 42 44
1998/99: 34147 44
1997/98: 312
1996/97: 319
1995/96: 358
1994/95: 342
1993/94: 34247
1992/93: 360
1991/92: 331
1990/91: 351
1989/90: 331

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Australia, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 1.1648
2014: 1.04
2013: 1.02
2012: 1.2948 42
2011: 1.1248 42 44 45
2010: 1.2048 42 44
2009: 1.28
2008: 1.19
2007: 1.04
2006: 1.25
2005: 0.98
2004: 0.82
2003: 1.41
2002: 1.49
2001: 1.55
2000: 1.78
1999: 1.8148 44
1998: 1.68
1997: 1.73
1996: 1.97
1995: 1.90
1994: 1.9248
1993: 2.04
1992: 1.90
1991: 2.04
1990: 1.95

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Australia, annual firearm homicides36 total

2015: 2740
2014: 31
2013: 35
2012: 4240 49 42
2011: 3240 43 49 42
2010: 3940 43 46 50 42
2009: 3740 43 46 51 42 44
2008: 2740 43 46 42 44
2007: 2640 43 46 42 44 52
2006: 4140 43 46 42 44
2005: 1940 43 46 42 44 53
2004: 1740 43 46 44
2003: 5443 46 54 38 44
2002: 4543 46 54 38 44
2001: 4746 54 38 44
2000: 5754 38 44
1999: 50
1998: 57
1997: 79
1996: 104
1995: 67
1994: 7654 38
1993: 64
1992: 96
1991: 84
1990: 79
1989: 80
1988: 123

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Australia, the annual rate of firearm homicide36 per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.1248
2014: 0.14
2013: 0.16
2012: 0.19
2011: 0.15
2010: 0.18
2009: 0.1748 44
2008: 0.13
2007: 0.13
2006: 0.20
2005: 0.09
2004: 0.09
2003: 0.2748 54 44
2002: 0.23
2001: 0.24
2000: 0.3054 44
1999: 0.26
1998: 0.30
1997: 0.43
1996: 0.57
1995: 0.37
1994: 0.4354
1993: 0.36
1992: 0.55
1991: 0.49
1990: 0.46
1989: 0.48
1988: 0.74

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Australia, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2012: 16%55 42
2011: 12%55 42 45
2010: 12%55 42
2009: 13%55 42
2008: 12%
2007: 9%
2006: 14%
2005: 15%
2004: 17%55
2003: 15%
2002: 14%
2001: 21%55 42
2000: 20%55 44
1999: 18%
1998: 21%
1997: 22%
1996: 22%
1995: 25%
1994: 19%55
1993: 25%
1992: 20%
1991: 21%
1990: 25%

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn Australia, annual handgun homicides total

2015: 140
2014: 4
2013: 3
2012: 4
2011: 640 43
2010: 640 43 46
2009: 9
2008: 7
2007: 1
2006: 14
2005: 440
2004: 2
2003: 643 46
2002: 12
2001: 1346

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Australia, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.0048
2014: 0.02
2013: 0.01
2012: 0.02
2011: 0.03
2010: 0.03
2009: 0.04
2008: 0.03
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.07
2005: 0.02
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.03
2002: 0.06
2001: 0.07

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn Australia, annual long gun homicides total

2015: 1340
2014: 19
2013: 11
2012: 14
2011: 1740 43
2010: 2240 43 46
2009: 18
2008: 11
2007: 14
2006: 15
2005: 10
2004: 5
2003: 2443 46
2002: 20
2001: 1046

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Australia, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.0648
2014: 0.08
2013: 0.05
2012: 0.06
2011: 0.08
2010: 0.10
2009: 0.08
2008: 0.05
2007: 0.07
2006: 0.07
2005: 0.05
2004: 0.03
2003: 0.12
2002: 0.10
2001: 0.05

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Australia, annual gun homicides (other) total

2015: 1340
2014: 8
2013: 21
2012: 24
2011: 940 43
2010: 1140 43 46
2009: 1040 43 46
2008: 9
2007: 11
2006: 12
2005: 5
2004: 10
2003: 2443 46
2002: 13
2001: 2446

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Australia, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.0648
2014: 0.04
2013: 0.09
2012: 0.11
2011: 0.04
2010: 0.05
2009: 0.05
2008: 0.04
2007: 0.05
2006: 0.06
2005: 0.02
2004: 0.05
2003: 0.12
2002: 0.07
2001: 0.12

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Australia, annual suicides by any means total

2015: 3,02756
2014: 2,861
2013: 2,568
2012: 2,580
2011: 2,39256 57
2010: 2,47856 57 58
2009: 2,335
2008: 2,340
2007: 2,227
2006: 2,118
2005: 2,101
2004: 2,098
2003: 2,21357 58 54
2002: 2,320
2001: 2,45458 54
2000: 2,36354
1999: 2,492
1998: 2,683
1997: 2,720
1996: 2,393
1995: 2,368
1994: 2,258
1993: 2,081
1992: 2,294
1991: 2,360
1990: 2,161
1989: 2,096
1988: 2,197

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Australia, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 13.3048
2014: 12.71
2013: 11.54
2012: 11.72
2011: 10.99
2010: 11.52
2009: 10.98
2008: 11.14
2007: 10.73
2006: 10.34
2005: 10.38
2004: 10.49
2003: 11.2048 54
2002: 11.88
2001: 12.72
2000: 12.3454
1999: 13.17
1998: 14.34
1997: 14.69
1996: 13.07
1995: 13.10
1994: 12.65
1993: 11.78
1992: 13.11
1991: 13.65
1990: 12.66
1989: 12.47
1988: 13.29

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Australia, annual firearm suicides total

2015: 17756
2014: 178
2013: 166
2012: 177
2011: 14456 57
2010: 17156 57 58
2009: 174
2008: 183
2007: 190
2006: 181
2005: 147
2004: 167
2003: 19357 58 54 38
2002: 217
2001: 26158 54 38
2000: 22254 38
1999: 269
1998: 235
1997: 329
1996: 382
1995: 388
1994: 420
1993: 431
1992: 488
1991: 505
1990: 486
1989: 450
1988: 521

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Australia, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.7848
2014: 0.79
2013: 0.76
2012: 0.80
2011: 0.66
2010: 0.79
2009: 0.82
2008: 0.87
2007: 0.92
2006: 0.88
2005: 0.73
2004: 0.84
2003: 0.9848 54
2002: 1.11
2001: 1.35
2000: 1.1654
1999: 1.42
1998: 1.26
1997: 1.78
1996: 2.09
1995: 2.15
1994: 2.35
1993: 2.44
1992: 2.79
1991: 2.92
1990: 2.85
1989: 2.68
1988: 3.15

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn Australia, annual handgun suicides total

2015: 1756
2014: 17
2013: 23
2012: 12
2011: 1756 57
2010: 1856 57 58
2009: 17
2008: 25
2007: 15
2006: 15
2005: 14
2004: 13
2003: 2557 58
2002: 24
2001: 3458

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Australia, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.0748
2014: 0.08
2013: 0.10
2012: 0.05
2011: 0.08
2010: 0.08
2009: 0.08
2008: 0.12
2007: 0.07
2006: 0.07
2005: 0.07
2004: 0.07
2003: 0.13
2002: 0.12
2001: 0.18

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn Australia, the number of long gun suicides is

2015: 13756
2014: 128
2013: 131
2012: 135
2011: 11656 57
2010: 14156 57 58
2009: 139
2008: 140
2007: 146
2006: 150
2005: 127
2004: 99
2003: 13357 58
2002: 165
2001: 17358

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Australia, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.6048
2014: 0.57
2013: 0.59
2012: 0.61
2011: 0.53
2010: 0.66
2009: 0.65
2008: 0.67
2007: 0.70
2006: 0.73
2005: 0.63
2004: 0.50
2003: 0.67
2002: 0.84
2001: 0.90

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn Australia, annual gun suicides (other) total

2015: 2356
2014: 33
2013: 12
2012: 30
2011: 1156 57
2010: 1256 57 58
2009: 18
2008: 18
2007: 29
2006: 16
2005: 6
2004: 55
2003: 3557 58
2002: 28
2001: 5458

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Australia, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.1048
2014: 0.15
2013: 0.05
2012: 0.14
2011: 0.05
2010: 0.06
2009: 0.08
2008: 0.09
2007: 0.14
2006: 0.08
2005: 0.03
2004: 0.28
2003: 0.18
2002: 0.14
2001: 0.28

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Australia, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2015: 359
2014: 3
2013: 3
2012: 3
2011: 759 60
2010: 1159 60 61
2009: 7
2008: 5
2007: 4
2006: 8
2005: 50
2004: 54
2003: 4060 61 54 38
2002: 30
2001: 18
2000: 4554 38
1999: 28
1998: 22
1997: 19
1996: 30
1995: 15
1994: 20
1993: 18
1992: 24
1991: 29
1990: 30
1989: 19
1988: 30

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Australia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.0148
2014: 0.01
2013: 0.01
2012: 0.01
2011: 0.03
2010: 0.05
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.04
2005: 0.25
2004: 0.27
2003: 0.2048 54
2002: 0.15
2001: 0.09
2000: 0.2354
1999: 0.15
1998: 0.12
1997: 0.10
1996: 0.16
1995: 0.08
1994: 0.11
1993: 0.10
1992: 0.14
1991: 0.17
1990: 0.18
1989: 0.11
1988: 0.18

Unintentional Handgun Deaths

ChartIn Australia, annual unintentional shooting deaths by handgun total

2015: 059
2014: 0
2013: 1
2012: 0
2011: 059 60
2010: 159 60 61
2009: 0
2008: 1
2007: 0
2006: 1
2005: 059
2004: 2
2003: 360 61

Rate of Unintentional Handgun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Australia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by handgun per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.0048
2014: 0.00
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.00
2009: 0.00
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.00
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.02

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn Australia, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2015: 359
2014: 3
2013: 1
2012: 3
2011: 759 60
2010: 959 60 61
2009: 5
2008: 3
2007: 3
2006: 6
2005: 3
2004: 8
2003: 1160 61
2002: 10
2001: 661

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Australia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.0148
2014: 0.01
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.01
2011: 0.03
2010: 0.04
2009: 0.02
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.03
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.04
2003: 0.06
2002: 0.05
2001: 0.03

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn Australia, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2015: 059
2014: 0
2013: 1
2012: 0
2011: 059 60
2010: 159 60 61
2009: 2
2008: 1
2007: 1
2006: 1
2005: 47
2004: 44
2003: 2660 61
2002: 20
2001: 1261

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Australia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.0048
2014: 0.00
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.00
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.23
2004: 0.22
2003: 0.13
2002: 0.10
2001: 0.06

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Australia, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2015: 462
2014: 18
2013: 4
2012: 4
2011: 562 63
2010: 1162 63 64
2009: 8
2008: 16
2007: 11
2006: 12
2005: 462
2004: 3
2003: 254
2002: 0
1999: 265
1998: 854
1997: 3
1996: 5
1995: 3
1994: 6
1993: 6
1992: 7
1991: 5
1990: 15
1989: 13
1988: 17

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Australia, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.0248
2014: 0.08
2013: 0.02
2012: 0.02
2011: 0.02
2010: 0.05
2009: 0.04
2008: 0.08
2007: 0.05
2006: 0.06
2005: 0.02
2004: 0.02
2003: 0.0154
2002: 0.00
1999: 0.0165
1998: 0.0454
1997: 0.02
1996: 0.03
1995: 0.02
1994: 0.03
1993: 0.03
1992: 0.04
1991: 0.03
1990: 0.09
1989: 0.08
1988: 0.10

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Australia, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2015: 062
2014: 1
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 062 63
2010: 262 63 64
2009: 0
2008: 1
2007: 0
2006: 1
2005: 262
2004: 0

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Australia, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.0048
2014: 0.00
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.01
2009: 0.00
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.00

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Australia, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2015: 262
2014: 7
2013: 1
2012: 0
2011: 462 63
2010: 262 63 64
2009: 1
2008: 4
2007: 3
2006: 2
2005: 262
2004: 2

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Australia, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.0148
2014: 0.03
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.02
2010: 0.01
2009: 0.00
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.01

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Australia, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2015: 262
2014: 10
2013: 3
2012: 4
2011: 162 63
2010: 762 63 64
2009: 7
2008: 11
2007: 8
2006: 9
2005: 062
2004: 1

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Australia, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.0148
2014: 0.04
2013: 0.01
2012: 0.02
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.03
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.05
2007: 0.04
2006: 0.04
2005: 0.00
2004: 0.01

Justifiable Gun Homicides

ChartIn Australia, annual legal-intervention gun homicides total

2015: 766
2014: 9
2013: 2
2012: 5
2011: 2
2010: 966 67
2009: 4
2008: 4
2007: 6
2006: 3
2005: 1
2004: 2
2002: 1067
2001: 4
2000: 568
1999: 469
1998: 770
1997: 771

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Australia, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence72 73

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, Australia was ranked 'small'74

Home-made Guns

In Australia, the prevalence of illicit craft, or 'home-made' firearm manufacture is reported to be low75 76 77 78

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Australia, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law79 80 81

Firearm Exports (Number) - Manufacturers

The annual number of firearms exported from Australia is reported by manufacturers to be

2010/11: 4,54082

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Australia is reported by Customs to be US$11,077,63083 (2011)84 85

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Australia was categorized as 'major'86 87 88

Firearm Imports

In Australia, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law79 89 80 81

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Australia is reported by Customs to be US$104,812,08083 (2011)90 91 92 93 94 95 96

Firearm Imports (Number) - Customs

ChartThe annual number of firearms imported to Australia is reported to be

2015: 104,32397 98 99 100
2014: 98,351
2013: 88,185
2012: 90,006
2011: 72,586
2010: 73,701
2009: 57,522
2008: 58,111
2007: 47,820
2006: 39,389
2005: 38,786
2004: 36,980
2003: 40,939
2002: 28,016
2001: 30,666
2000: 33,152
1999: 18,405
1998: 34,837
1997: 89,760
1996: 44,802
1979: 104,149101
1978: 108,854
1977: 194,764
1976: 191,359
1975: 166,364

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Australia is low102 75 103 104 76 105 106 107 99 78 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Australia, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law117

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Australia include118 119 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

ChartIn its annual Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer, the Small Arms Survey compares public reporting among major arms exporting nations on a scale from strong to weak (25 to zero). In recent years, Australia scored

2016: 12.25120
2014: 11.25121
2013: 10.25122
2012: 10.00123
2011: 10.25124
2010: 10.25125
2009: 10.25126
2008: 11.25127
2007: 11.25128
2006: 10.00129
2005: 11.25130
2004: 11.25131

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Australia is categorised as restrictive132

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Australia includes the National Firearms Agreement (NFA) 1996, the National Firearms Trafficking Policy Agreement (NFTPA) 2002, the National Handgun Agreement (NHA) 2002,133 134 and the Firearms Acts and Regulations of each State and Territory135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Australia are regulated by the local State and Territory authorities152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159

Right to Possess Firearms

In Australia, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law160 161 162 163 164

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Australia, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic and semi-automatic firearms, self-loading and pump action shotguns, handguns with a calibre in excess of .38in with only narrow exemptions, semi-automatic handguns with a barrel length less than 120mm, and revolvers with a barrel length less than 100mm165 166 134 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Australia, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited, with only narrow exceptions for permanently inoperable collector's, display, or museum guns165 166 167 168 169 170 175 176 173 174 45

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Australia, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons and their lookalikes is prohibited in all but exceptional circumstances166 167 168 169 170 171 172 177

Regulation of Handguns

In Australia, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is only permitted subject to stringent conditions166 178 134 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 45

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Australia, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law166 167 168 169 170 171 172 177 45

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Australia, only licensed gun owners187 188 189 190 155 191 192 193 194 45 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Australia are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example gun club membership, hunting, target shooting, firearm collection, pest control, and narrow occupational uses.195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203
In law, personal protection is not a genuine reason204 205 206

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Australia is 18 years, or as young as 10 years while under the immediate supervision of an appropriately licensed adult187 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Australia must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental health, physical, addiction, domestic violence, residential and other215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 45 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Australia, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are required for some licence categories in some jurisdictions224 225 226 227

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Australia stipulates215 228 229 218 230 220 231 222 232 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Australia, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required233 234 235 236 237 221 238 239 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Australia, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every one to five years depending on the licence category187 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247

Licensing Records

In Australia, authorities maintain a record248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Australia are permitted to possess only the number and type of firearms specified on their licence or acquisition permit196 258 259 260 261 155 262 263 264 262 265

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Australia are permitted to possess ammunition only for those firearms for which the purchaser is licensed, with a limit on the quantity of ammunition that may be purchased in a given period266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 265

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Australia, the law requires274 275 248 256 251 250 253 255 254 257 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Australia, licensed firearm dealers are required276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 257 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Australia, licensed gun makers are required284 257 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Australia, State agencies are required285 286 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Australia, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited unless conducted and registered by a licensed firearm dealer, or in remote locations by police266 287 288 289 290 291 292 293

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Australia, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful266 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301

Limit on Gun Dealer Sales

In Australia, the number and type of firearms which can be sold by a licensed gun dealer to a single gun owner is limited to one firearm per acquisition permit, in accordance with the particular firearm licence category258 259 302 261 303 262 304 264 262 265

Number of Licensed Gun Dealers

ChartThe number of licensed firearm dealers in Australia is reported to be

1999: 1,581305
1998: 1,223306

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In Australia, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is 28 days for a first sale or transfer, with exemptions in some states and territories for subsequent acquisition of the same type of firearm for which the owner already holds a licence258 307 302 308 309 310 221 311 312

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Australia, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events in some jurisdictions, are regulated313 314 315 316 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Australia include317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Australia include326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Australia include286 285 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Australia include334 335 336 337 338 339 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Australia, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law73

Firearm Tracing

In Australia, state authorities carry out340 341 342 343 344 345 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Australia, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are not346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 recorded in a register

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Australia, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is prohibited without genuine reason. In law, personal protection is not a genuine reason.204 205 364 365 366 367 368 206 45

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Australia, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is prohibited without genuine reason. In law, personal protection is not a genuine reason.204 205 364 365 366 367 368 206 45

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Australia, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm369 is 20 years in prison, depending on the jurisdiction and category of firearm370 189 190 371 372 192 193 194 373

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in Australia are known to have374 375 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Australia, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2015: 3,000376
2012/14: 3,000377
2011/12: 3,485378 379 380 381
2010/11: 5,922379 380 381
2009/10: 5,798379 380
2008/11: 4,000382 380
2005/06: 5,15711 380
2003/04: 68,727383 384
1987/2015: 1,121,577385 374 375 386

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn Australia, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2015: 17,081387
2011/12: 3,485379
2010/11: 3,857
2009/10: 3,109
1987/2015: 1,121,577385 374 375 386

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Australia, it is not state policy388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

Pacific Islands Forum

As a member of the Pacific Islands Forum, Australia adopted the March, 2000 Nadi Framework agreement, which aims to harmonise small arms-related legislation across Oceania. In August 2003, the Nadi Framework’s draft model Weapons Control Bill was unanimously accepted for consideration by all 16 member states of the Pacific Islands Forum396 397

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 2006398 by Australia.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified399 by Australia

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed, but not yet ratified400 by Australia

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Australia committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects401

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Australia against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 22402 403 404 405 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Australia has submitted one or more national reports406 407 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Australia, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated408 407

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Australia, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated408 407

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Australia submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent408 407 409

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been donated410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 by Australia to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Australia has declared418 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Australia has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1945419

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies lists420 Australia as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Australia, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Australia ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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Tasmania.1996.‘Application for Minor's Permit.’ Firearms Act 1996 (Act as at 4 November 2015).Hobart:Legislative Council and House of Assembly,30 August. (Q2971)Full Citation

210.

Victoria.1998.‘Issue of Junior Licences.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 080, as of 1 December 2015).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2619)Full Citation

211.

Queensland.1990.‘Limitations on Issue of Licence.’ Weapons Act 1990 (As in force on 20 November 2015).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 September. (Q2673)Full Citation

212.

Northern Territory.1997.‘Application for Licence.’ Firearms Act 1997 (Reprint, as in force at 1 May 2016).Darwin:Northern Territory Government,13 March. (Q2761)Full Citation

213.

South Australia.2008.‘Exemption From Requirement to be Licensed.’ Firearms Regulations 2008 (Version: 1.7.2015).Adelaide:Parliament of South Australia,1 September. (Q2917)Full Citation

214.

Western Australia.1973.‘Minimum Age of Licensee or Permit Holder.’ Firearms Act 1973 (Version 05-00-00, reprinted under the Reprints Act 1984 as at 13 February 2015).Perth:State Law Publisher,18 October. (Q2746)Full Citation

215.

Australia.1996.‘Grounds for Licence Refusal or Cancellation and Seizure of Firearms.’ Special Firearms Meeting - the 'Nationwide Agreement on Firearms'.Canberra:Australasian Police Ministers' Council,10 May. (Q2584)Full Citation

216.

Australian Capital Territory.1996.‘Assessing Suitability of Individuals - Discretionary Criteria.’ Australian Capital Territory Firearms Act 1996 (A1996-74 - Republication No.45, effective 27 April 2016).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,1 January. (Q2514)Full Citation

217.

New South Wales.1996.‘General Restrictions on Issue of Licences.’ Firearms Act 1996 No 46 (Act Current to 24 November 2015).Sydney:New South Wales Government,28 June. (Q2487)Full Citation

218.

Tasmania.1996.‘General Restrictions on Granting Licence.’ Firearms Act 1996 (Act as at 4 November 2015).Hobart:Legislative Council and House of Assembly,30 August. (Q2955)Full Citation

219.

Victoria.1998.‘Definitions.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 080, as of 1 December 2015).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2608)Full Citation

220.

Queensland.1990.‘Fit and Proper Person - Licensees.’ Weapons Act 1990 (As in force on 20 November 2015).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 September. (Q2675)Full Citation

221.

Northern Territory.1997.‘General Restrictions on Grant of Licence.’ Firearms Act 1997 (Reprint, as in force at 1 May 2016).Darwin:Northern Territory Government,13 March. (Q2762)Full Citation

222.

South Australia.1977.‘Interpretation.’ Firearms Act 1977 (Version: 7.2.2014).Adelaide:Parliament of South Australia,12 May. (Q2881)Full Citation

223.

Western Australia.1973.‘Exercise of Commissioner's Discretion.’ Firearms Act 1973 (Version 05-00-00, reprinted under the Reprints Act 1984 as at 13 February 2015).Perth:State Law Publisher,18 October. (Q2748)Full Citation

224.

Australian Capital Territory.2008.‘Shooting Clubs, Conditions of Approval.’ Firearms Regulation 2008 (SL2008-55, Republication No 13, effective 1 December 2015).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,22 December. (Q2664)Full Citation

225.

Victoria.1998.‘Approved Firearms Collectors Clubs - Requirements as to Members and Former Members.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 080, as of 1 December 2015).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2668)Full Citation

226.

Queensland.1996.‘Category H Weapons - Club Letter Certifying Need for Weapon.’ Weapons Regulation 1996 (As in force on 1 July 2015).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 December. (Q2734)Full Citation

227.

Northern Territory.1997.‘Restriction on Grant of Category H Sports Shooter's Licence.’ Firearms Act 1997 (Reprint, as in force at 1 May 2016).Darwin:Northern Territory Government,13 March. (Q2763)Full Citation

228.

Australian Capital Territory.1996.‘Adult Firearms Licences - Mandatory Suspension.’ Australian Capital Territory Firearms Act 1996 (A1996-74 - Republication No.45, effective 27 April 2016).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,1 January. (Q2543)Full Citation

229.

New South Wales.1996.‘Suspension of Licence.’ Firearms Act 1996 No 46 (Act Current to 24 November 2015).Sydney:New South Wales Government,28 June. (Q2576)Full Citation

230.

Victoria.1998.‘Surrender of Firearms and Licence Document.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 080, as of 1 December 2015).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2667)Full Citation

231.

Northern Territory.1997.‘Suspension on Making of Interim Domestic Violence Order.’ Firearms Act 1997 (Reprint, as in force at 1 May 2016).Darwin:Northern Territory Government,13 March. (Q2779)Full Citation

232.

Western Australia.1973.‘Disqualification by Court Imposing Violence Restraining Order.’ Firearms Act 1973 (Version 05-00-00, reprinted under the Reprints Act 1984 as at 13 February 2015).Perth:State Law Publisher,18 October. (Q3052)Full Citation

233.

Australia.1996.‘Training as a Prerequisite for Licensing.’ Special Firearms Meeting - the 'Nationwide Agreement on Firearms'.Canberra:Australasian Police Ministers' Council,10 May. (Q2585)Full Citation

234.

Australian Capital Territory.1996.‘Adult Firearms Licences - Refusal.’ Australian Capital Territory Firearms Act 1996 (A1996-74 - Republication No.45, effective 27 April 2016).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,1 January. (Q2518)Full Citation

235.

Tasmania.1996.‘Safety Courses.’ Firearms Act 1996 (Act as at 4 November 2015).Hobart:Legislative Council and House of Assembly,30 August. (Q2998)Full Citation

236.

Victoria.1998.‘General Discretion of Chief Commissioner to Refuse a Longarm or Handgun Licence.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 080, as of 1 December 2015).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2618)Full Citation

237.

Queensland.1990.‘Adequate Knowledge of Weapon.’ Weapons Act 1990 (As in force on 20 November 2015).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 September. (Q2674)Full Citation

238.

South Australia.2008.‘Training and Examinations.’ Firearms Regulations 2008 (Version: 1.7.2015).Adelaide:Parliament of South Australia,1 September. (Q2913)Full Citation

239.

Western Australia.1973.‘Training Courses.’ Firearms Act 1973 (Version 05-00-00, reprinted under the Reprints Act 1984 as at 13 February 2015).Perth:State Law Publisher,18 October. (Q2747)Full Citation

240.

Australian Capital Territory.2008.‘Adult Licences, Period.’ Firearms Regulation 2008 (SL2008-55, Republication No 13, effective 1 December 2015).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,22 December. (Q2625)Full Citation

241.

New South Wales.2006.‘Term of Licence.’ Firearms Regulation 2006 (2006-512, as at 1 January 2014).Sydney:New South Wales Government,1 September. (Q2587)Full Citation

242.

Tasmania.2006.‘Period of Licences.’ Firearms Regulations 2006 (Regulations as of 4 November 2015).Hobart:Governor of the State of Tasmania,16 October. (Q3002)Full Citation

243.

Victoria.1998.‘Duration of Licence.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 080, as of 1 December 2015).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2622)Full Citation

244.

Queensland.1990.‘Term of Licence.’ Weapons Act 1990 (As in force on 20 November 2015).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 September. (Q2679)Full Citation

245.

Northern Territory.1997.‘Period of Licence.’ Firearms Act 1997 (Reprint, as in force at 1 May 2016).Darwin:Northern Territory Government,13 March. (Q2766)Full Citation

246.

South Australia.1977.‘Term and Renewal of Licence.’ Firearms Act 1977 (Version: 7.2.2014).Adelaide:Parliament of South Australia,12 May. (Q2894)Full Citation

247.

Western Australia.1973.‘Duration and Renewal of Licences.’ Firearms Act 1973 (Version 05-00-00, reprinted under the Reprints Act 1984 as at 13 February 2015).Perth:State Law Publisher,18 October. (Q2745)Full Citation

248.

New South Wales.1996.‘Register of Firearms.’ Firearms Act 1996 No 46 (Act Current to 24 November 2015).Sydney:New South Wales Government,28 June. (Q2500)Full Citation

249.

Australian Capital Territory.1996.‘Contents of Register.’ Australian Capital Territory Firearms Act 1996 (A1996-74 - Republication No.45, effective 27 April 2016).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,1 January. (Q2563)Full Citation

250.

Queensland.1990.‘Commissioner to Maintain Firearms Register.’ Weapons Act 1990 (As in force on 20 November 2015).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 September. (Q2684)Full Citation

251.

Victoria.1998.‘Keeping of Register.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 080, as of 1 December 2015).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2641)Full Citation

252.

Victoria.1998.‘Certificate of Registration.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 080, as of 1 December 2015).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2642)Full Citation

253.

Northern Territory.1997.‘Register.’ Firearms Act 1997 (Reprint, as in force at 1 May 2016).Darwin:Northern Territory Government,13 March. (Q2760)Full Citation

254.

Western Australia.1974.‘Register.’ Firearms Regulations 1974 (Version 07-d0-01, as at 22 July 2015).Perth:State Law Publisher,1 July. (Q2834)Full Citation

255.

South Australia.1977.‘Registers.’ Firearms Act 1977 (Version: 7.2.2014).Adelaide:Parliament of South Australia,12 May. (Q2883)Full Citation

256.

Tasmania.1996.‘Register of Firearms.’ Firearms Act 1996 (Act as at 4 November 2015).Hobart:Legislative Council and House of Assembly,30 August. (Q2976)Full Citation

257.

Parker, Sarah.2011.‘Balancing Act: Regulation of Civilian Firearm Possession.’ Small Arms Survey 2011: States of Security.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,6 July. (Q5380)Full Citation

258.

Australia.1996.‘Permit to Acquire.’ Special Firearms Meeting - the 'Nationwide Agreement on Firearms'.Canberra:Australasian Police Ministers' Council,10 May. (Q2583)Full Citation

259.

Australian Capital Territory.1996.‘Permits to Acquire - Applications.’ Australian Capital Territory Firearms Act 1996 (A1996-74 - Republication No.45, effective 27 April 2016).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,1 January. (Q2560)Full Citation

260.

New South Wales.1996.‘Licence Categories and Authority Conferred by Licence - Category C.’ Firearms Act 1996 No 46 (Act Current to 24 November 2015).Sydney:New South Wales Government,28 June. (Q2482)Full Citation

261.

Tasmania.1996.‘Application for Permit to Acquire Firearm.’ Firearms Act 1996 (Act as at 4 November 2015).Hobart:Legislative Council and House of Assembly,30 August. (Q2968)Full Citation

262.

South Australia.1977.‘Reasons for Refusal of Permit.’ Firearms Act 1977 (Version: 7.2.2014).Adelaide:Parliament of South Australia,12 May. (Q3056)Full Citation

263.

Queensland.1990.‘Limitation on Number of Concealable Firearms Particular Licensees May Acquire.’ Weapons Act 1990 (As in force on 20 November 2015).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 September. (Q2699)Full Citation

264.

Northern Territory.1997.‘Firearms Dealer Licence.’ Firearms Act 1997 (Reprint, as in force at 1 May 2016).Darwin:Northern Territory Government,13 March. (Q2770)Full Citation

265.

Western Australia.1973.‘Genuine Reason Required in All Cases.’ Firearms Act 1973 (Version 05-00-00, reprinted under the Reprints Act 1984 as at 13 February 2015).Perth:State Law Publisher,18 October. (Q2749)Full Citation

266.

Australia.1996.‘Recording of Sales.’ Special Firearms Meeting - the 'Nationwide Agreement on Firearms'.Canberra:Australasian Police Ministers' Council,10 May. (Q985)Full Citation

267.

Australian Capital Territory.1996.‘Offence - Sale of Ammunition by Licensed Firearms Dealers.’ Australian Capital Territory Firearms Act 1996 (A1996-74 - Republication No.45, effective 27 April 2016).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,1 January. (Q2665)Full Citation

268.

New South Wales.1996.‘Supply, Acquisition and Possession of Ammunition.’ Firearms Act 1996 No 46 (Act Current to 24 November 2015).Sydney:New South Wales Government,28 June. (Q2548)Full Citation

269.

Tasmania.2006.‘Amount of Ammunition.’ Firearms Regulations 2006 (Regulations as of 4 November 2015).Hobart:Governor of the State of Tasmania,16 October. (Q3001)Full Citation

270.

Victoria.1998.‘Possession of Cartridge Ammunition.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 080, as of 1 December 2015).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q3055)Full Citation

271.

Queensland.1996.‘Prohibition on Possession of Particular Magazines - Category H Weapons.’ Weapons Regulation 1996 (As in force on 1 July 2015).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 December. (Q2741)Full Citation

272.

Northern Territory.1997.‘General Conditions of Licence.’ Firearms Act 1997 (Reprint, as in force at 1 May 2016).Darwin:Northern Territory Government,13 March. (Q2765)Full Citation

273.

South Australia.2008.‘Limit on Quantity of Ammunition.’ Firearms Regulations 2008 (Version: 1.7.2015).Adelaide:Parliament of South Australia,1 September. (Q2922)Full Citation

274.

Australia.1996.‘Effective Nationwide Registration of All Firearms.’ Special Firearms Meeting - the 'Nationwide Agreement on Firearms'.Canberra:Australasian Police Ministers' Council,10 May. (Q995)Full Citation

275.

Australian Capital Territory.1996.‘Register of Firearms.’ Australian Capital Territory Firearms Act 1996 (A1996-74 - Republication No.45, effective 27 April 2016).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,1 January. (Q2562)Full Citation

276.

Australian Capital Territory.1996.‘Offence - Inspection of Records.’ Australian Capital Territory Firearms Act 1996 (A1996-74 - Republication No.45, effective 27 April 2016).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,1 January. (Q2568)Full Citation

277.

New South Wales.1996.‘Recording of Transactions.’ Firearms Act 1996 No 46 (Act Current to 24 November 2015).Sydney:New South Wales Government,28 June. (Q2550)Full Citation

278.

Tasmania.1996.‘Record of Dealings.’ Firearms Act 1996 (Act as at 4 November 2015).Hobart:Legislative Council and House of Assembly,30 August. (Q2988)Full Citation

279.

Victoria.1998.‘Requirement to Keep Register of Transactions.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 080, as of 1 December 2015).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2640)Full Citation

280.

Queensland.1990.‘Licensed Dealers and Armourers to Keep Register.’ Weapons Act 1990 (As in force on 20 November 2015).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 September. (Q2693)Full Citation

281.

Northern Territory.1997.‘Records and Returns to be Kept by Dealers.’ Firearms Act 1997 (Reprint, as in force at 1 May 2016).Darwin:Northern Territory Government,13 March. (Q2772)Full Citation

282.

South Australia.1977.‘Records.’ Firearms Act 1977 (Version: 7.2.2014).Adelaide:Parliament of South Australia,12 May. (Q2893)Full Citation

283.

Western Australia.1973.‘Records.’ Firearms Act 1973 (Version 05-00-00, reprinted under the Reprints Act 1984 as at 13 February 2015).Perth:State Law Publisher,18 October. (Q2756)Full Citation

284.

Australia.2012.‘Record-keeping by Manufacturers.’ National Report of Australia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Australia to the United Nations,23 March. (Q6496)Full Citation

285.

Australia.2008.‘Accounting for Small Arms and Light Weapons.’ National Report of Australia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Australia to the United Nations,1 July. (Q1739)Full Citation

286.

Australia.2008.‘Accounting for Small Arms and Light Weapons.’ National Report of Australia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Australia to the United Nations,1 July. (Q1738)Full Citation

287.

Australian Capital Territory.1996.‘Offence - Unlawful Acquisition of Firearms.’ Australian Capital Territory Firearms Act 1996 (A1996-74 - Republication No.45, effective 27 April 2016).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,1 January. (Q2569)Full Citation

288.

New South Wales.1996.‘Restrictions on Supply of Firearms.’ Firearms Act 1996 No 46 (Act Current to 24 November 2015).Sydney:New South Wales Government,28 June. (Q2546)Full Citation

289.

Tasmania.1996.‘Sale and Possession of Ammunition.’ Firearms Act 1996 (Act as at 4 November 2015).Hobart:Legislative Council and House of Assembly,30 August. (Q2990)Full Citation

290.

Victoria.1998.‘Prohibition on Acquisition of Firearm Except from Licensed Firearms Dealer.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 080, as of 1 December 2015).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2663)Full Citation

291.

Queensland.1990.‘Acquisition of Weapons.’ Weapons Act 1990 (As in force on 20 November 2015).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 September. (Q2680)Full Citation

292.

Northern Territory.1997.‘Sale of Firearms.’ Firearms Act 1997 (Reprint, as in force at 1 May 2016).Darwin:Northern Territory Government,13 March. (Q2781)Full Citation

293.

South Australia.1977.‘Obligations of Prescribed Person.’ Firearms Act 1977 (Version: 7.2.2014).Adelaide:Parliament of South Australia,12 May. (Q2890)Full Citation

294.

Australian Capital Territory.1996.‘Offence - Firearms Dealers to be Licensed.’ Australian Capital Territory Firearms Act 1996 (A1996-74 - Republication No.45, effective 27 April 2016).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,1 January. (Q2567)Full Citation

295.

New South Wales.1996.‘Licence Categories and Authority Conferred by Licence - Firearms Dealer Licence.’ Firearms Act 1996 No 46 (Act Current to 24 November 2015).Sydney:New South Wales Government,28 June. (Q2485)Full Citation

296.

Tasmania.1996.‘Dealing in Firearms.’ Firearms Act 1996 (Act as at 4 November 2015).Hobart:Legislative Council and House of Assembly,30 August. (Q2945)Full Citation

297.

Victoria.1998.‘Issue of Dealers Licences.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 080, as of 1 December 2015).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2638)Full Citation

298.

Queensland.1990.‘Dealers to be Licensed.’ Weapons Act 1990 (As in force on 20 November 2015).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 September. (Q2692)Full Citation

299.

Northern Territory.1997.‘Restrictions on Granting Firearms Dealer Licences.’ Firearms Regulations 1997 (Reprint, as in force at 1 May 2016).Darwin:Northern Territory Government,13 March. (Q2809)Full Citation

300.

South Australia.1977.‘Requirement for Dealer's Licence.’ Firearms Act 1977 (Version: 7.2.2014).Adelaide:Parliament of South Australia,12 May. (Q2891)Full Citation

301.

Western Australia.1973.‘Licences.’ Firearms Act 1973 (Version 05-00-00, reprinted under the Reprints Act 1984 as at 13 February 2015).Perth:State Law Publisher,18 October. (Q2752)Full Citation

302.

New South Wales.1996.‘Permits to Acquire Firearms.’ Firearms Act 1996 No 46 (Act Current to 24 November 2015).Sydney:New South Wales Government,28 June. (Q2498)Full Citation

303.

Victoria.1998.‘Issue of Permit to Acquire.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 080, as of 1 December 2015).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2661)Full Citation

304.

Queensland.1996.‘Firearms Licence - Category C Rifle and Category C Shotgun for Occupational Rural Purpose on Rural Land.’ Weapons Regulation 1996 (As in force on 1 July 2015).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 December. (Q2717)Full Citation

305.

Mouzos, Jenny.1999.‘International Traffic in Small Arms: An Australian Perspective.’ Trends & Issues in Crime and Criminal Justice.Canberra:Australian Institute of Criminology,1 February. (Q13194)Full Citation

306.

Mouzos, Jenny.1998.‘Small Arms Dealers.’ CSCAP Working Group on Transnational Crime Small Arms Project: An Australian Perspective.Canberra:Australian Institute of Criminology,1 October. (Q13195)Full Citation

307.

Australian Capital Territory.1996.‘When Permits to Acquire May be Issued.’ Australian Capital Territory Firearms Act 1996 (A1996-74 - Republication No.45, effective 27 April 2016).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,1 January. (Q2561)Full Citation

308.

Tasmania.1996.‘Granting Permit.’ Firearms Act 1996 (Act as at 4 November 2015).Hobart:Legislative Council and House of Assembly,30 August. (Q2972)Full Citation

309.

Victoria.1998.‘Offence to Acquire a Firearm Without a Permit.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 080, as of 1 December 2015).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2660)Full Citation

310.

Queensland.1996.‘Waiting Period for Decision on Application for Permit to Acquire.’ Weapons Regulation 1996 (As in force on 1 July 2015).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 December. (Q2739)Full Citation

311.

South Australia.1977.‘Application for Permit.’ Firearms Act 1977 (Version: 7.2.2014).Adelaide:Parliament of South Australia,12 May. (Q2888)Full Citation

312.

Western Australia.1973.‘Licensing Procedure.’ Firearms Act 1973 (Version 05-00-00, reprinted under the Reprints Act 1984 as at 13 February 2015).Perth:State Law Publisher,18 October. (Q2753)Full Citation

313.

Australian Capital Territory.2008.‘Arms Fairs, Permits to Conduct.’ Firearms Regulation 2008 (SL2008-55, Republication No 13, effective 1 December 2015).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,22 December. (Q2636)Full Citation

314.

New South Wales.2006.‘Arms Fair Permits.’ Firearms Regulation 2006 (2006-512, as at 1 January 2014).Sydney:New South Wales Government,1 September. (Q2596)Full Citation

315.

Queensland.1990.‘Approval of Arms Fair.’ Weapons Act 1990 (As in force on 20 November 2015).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 September. (Q2696)Full Citation

316.

South Australia.2008.‘Exemption for Certain Exhibitors.’ Firearms Regulations 2008 (Version: 1.7.2015).Adelaide:Parliament of South Australia,1 September. (Q2907)Full Citation

317.

Australia.1996.‘Uniform Standard for the Security and Storage of Firearms.’ Special Firearms Meeting - the 'Nationwide Agreement on Firearms'.Canberra:Australasian Police Ministers' Council,10 May. (Q988)Full Citation

318.

Australian Capital Territory.1996.‘Offence - Failing to Comply with Storage Requirements.’ Australian Capital Territory Firearms Act 1996 (A1996-74 - Republication No.45, effective 27 April 2016).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,1 January. (Q2564)Full Citation

319.

New South Wales.1996.‘Safe Keeping of Firearms - General Requirement.’ Firearms Act 1996 No 46 (Act Current to 24 November 2015).Sydney:New South Wales Government,28 June. (Q2501)Full Citation

320.

Tasmania.1996.‘General Requirements.’ Firearms Act 1996 (Act as at 4 November 2015).Hobart:Legislative Council and House of Assembly,30 August. (Q2977)Full Citation

321.

Victoria.1998.‘Storage of Firearms Under Longarm and Handgun Licences.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 080, as of 1 December 2015).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2644)Full Citation

322.

Queensland.1990.‘Secure Storage of Weapons.’ Weapons Act 1990 (As in force on 20 November 2015).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 September. (Q2689)Full Citation

323.

Northern Territory.1997.‘Storage and Safe Keeping Requirements.’ Firearms Act 1997 (Reprint, as in force at 1 May 2016).Darwin:Northern Territory Government,13 March. (Q2780)Full Citation

324.

South Australia.2008.‘Security of Firearms.’ Firearms Regulations 2008 (Version: 1.7.2015).Adelaide:Parliament of South Australia,1 September. (Q2921)Full Citation

325.

Western Australia.1974.‘Storage Security Requirements.’ Firearms Regulations 1974 (Version 07-d0-01, as at 22 July 2015).Perth:State Law Publisher,1 July. (Q2831)Full Citation

326.

Australian Capital Territory.2008.‘Dealer Licences, Restrictions on Issue.’ Firearms Regulation 2008 (SL2008-55, Republication No 13, effective 1 December 2015).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,22 December. (Q2629)Full Citation

327.

New South Wales.1996.‘Conditions of Licence.’ Firearms Act 1996 No 46 (Act Current to 24 November 2015).Sydney:New South Wales Government,28 June. (Q2494)Full Citation

328.

Tasmania.1996.‘Firearms Dealer and Museum Licences Requirement.’ Firearms Act 1996 (Act as at 4 November 2015).Hobart:Legislative Council and House of Assembly,30 August. (Q2987)Full Citation

329.

Victoria.1998.‘Storage of Firearms Under Dealers Licences.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 080, as of 1 December 2015).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2645)Full Citation

330.

Queensland.1996.‘Storage Measures for Armourers, Dealers, and Theatrical Ordnance Suppliers - Vaults and Safes.’ Weapons Regulation 1996 (As in force on 1 July 2015).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 December. (Q2731)Full Citation

331.

Northern Territory.1997.‘Security Measures Required by Dealer.’ Firearms Act 1997 (Reprint, as in force at 1 May 2016).Darwin:Northern Territory Government,13 March. (Q2771)Full Citation

332.

South Australia.2008.‘Possession of Firearms by Dealers.’ Firearms Regulations 2008 (Version: 1.7.2015).Adelaide:Parliament of South Australia,1 September. (Q2923)Full Citation

333.

Western Australia.1973.‘Safe Keeping by Traders.’ Firearms Act 1973 (Version 05-00-00, reprinted under the Reprints Act 1984 as at 13 February 2015).Perth:State Law Publisher,18 October. (Q2757)Full Citation

334.

Australian Capital Territory.1996.‘Transport of Firearms and Ammunition.’ Australian Capital Territory Firearms Act 1996 (A1996-74 - Republication No.45, effective 27 April 2016).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,1 January. (Q2570)Full Citation

335.

New South Wales.2006.‘Non-commercial Transportation of Prohibited Firearms and Pistols - Prescribed Safety Requirements.’ Firearms Regulation 2006 (2006-512, as at 1 January 2014).Sydney:New South Wales Government,1 September. (Q2602)Full Citation

336.

Tasmania.2006.‘Safety Requirements for Conveying Other Firearms.’ Firearms Regulations 2006 (Regulations as of 4 November 2015).Hobart:Governor of the State of Tasmania,16 October. (Q3004)Full Citation

337.

Queensland.1996.‘Firearms to be Kept Unloaded Other Than When Being Used to Shoot.’ Weapons Regulation 1996 (As in force on 1 July 2015).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 December. (Q2735)Full Citation

338.

Northern Territory.1997.‘Transporting Firearms.’ Firearms Regulations 1997 (Reprint, as in force at 1 May 2016).Darwin:Northern Territory Government,13 March. (Q2821)Full Citation

339.

South Australia.2008.‘Transporting of Firearms - Exclusion from Section 35A of Act.’ Firearms Regulations 2008 (Version: 1.7.2015).Adelaide:Parliament of South Australia,1 September. (Q2927)Full Citation

340.

Dawson, Chris.2014.‘Firearms Tracing.’ Australian Crime Commission, Submission No. 75 to Senate Committee: Inquiry into the Ability of Australian Law Enforcement Authorities to Eliminate Gun-Related Violence in the Community.Canberra:Australian Crime Commission,22 August. (Q11590)Full Citation

341.

Bricknell, Samantha.2012.‘Analysis of the Australian Crime Commission's National Firearm Trace Database.’ Firearm Trafficking and Serious and Organised Crime Gangs.Canberra:Australian Institute of Criminology,1 June. (Q8897)Full Citation

342.

Australia.2016.‘Tracing.’ National Report of Australia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Australia to the United Nations,27 April. (Q12058)Full Citation

343.

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