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Armed violence prevention, gun control laws and the small arms trade:

Argentina — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Argentina is 3,600,0001 2 3

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) in Argentina is 8.81 4 firearms per 100 people

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

In Argentina, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be 347,4955

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

There are reportedly 796,8745 handguns in civilian possession in Argentina

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Argentina ranked at No. 193

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Argentina ranked at No. 624

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

ChartThe number of licensed gun owners in Argentina is reported to be

2006: 569,9792
1999: 450,0005

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Argentina is

2006: 1.446
1999: 1.22

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Argentina is reported to be

2010: 1,261,7587 8 9
2008: 1,123,0597
2006: 1,185,4677 2
2001: 2,597,122

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in Argentina is

2010: 3.056
2008: 2.77
2006: 2.99
2001: 6.89

Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Argentina there are estimated to be 700,000 to 2,000,00010

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Argentina are reported to have 430,00011 10 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Argentina are reported to have 175,00011 to 270,00012 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

In Argentina, annual deaths resulting from firearms total 2001: 4,33113

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

In Argentina, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is 2001: 11.496

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Argentina, annual homicides by any means total

2010: 2,23714 15
2009: 2,21514 15 16
2008: 2,305
2007: 2,071
2006: 2,052
2005: 2,115
2004: 2,259
2003: 2,876
2002: 3,453
2001: 3,048
2000: 2,653
1999: 2,66814
1998: 2,607
1997: 3.265
1996: 3,001
1995: 2,723

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Argentina, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2010: 5.514 15
2009: 5.514 15 16
2008: 5.8
2007: 5.3
2006: 5.3
2005: 5.5
2004: 5.9
2003: 7.6
2002: 9.2
2001: 8.2
2000: 7.2
1999: 7.314
1998: 7.2
1997: 9.1
1996: 8.5
1995: 7.8
1994: 4.5117

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Argentina, annual firearm homicides total

2008: 1,19814 18
2007: 1,016
2006: 1,013
2005: 1,044
2004: 1,17418
2001: 1,61713

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Argentina, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2008: 3.014 18
2007: 2.614 18 16
2006: 2.6
2005: 2.7
2004: 3.118
2001: 4.2113
1994: 2.1119

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Argentina, annual suicides by any means total

2009: 2,90020
2008: 3,111
2007: 3,001
2006: 3,128
2005: 3,02120 21
2004: 3,14720
2003: 3,270
2002: 3,165
2001: 3,135
2000: 2,807
1996: 2,24513

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Argentina, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2009: 7.220
2008: 7.8
2007: 7.6
2006: 8.020 21
2005: 7.8
2004: 8.220
2003: 8.6
2002: 8.4
2001: 8.4
2000: 7.6
1996: 5.8413
1994: 6.7122

Gun Suicides

In Argentina, annual firearm suicides total 2001: 1,07413

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Argentina, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2001: 2.7913
1994: 3.0523

Unintentional Gun Deaths

In Argentina, annual unintentional shooting deaths total 2001: 24713

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Argentina, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2001: 0.6413
1994: 0.3224

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

In Argentina, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total 2001: 1,39313

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Argentina, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2001: 3.6213
1994: 3.7125

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Argentina, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence26

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, Argentina is ranked 'small'27

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Regulation of Firearm Exports

In Argentina, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law28 29 30

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Argentina is reported by Customs to be US$18,851,00231 (2011) 32

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Argentina is categorized as 'mid-level'33

Regulation of Firearm Imports

In Argentina, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law28 29 30

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Argentina is reported by Customs to be US$21,463,33631 (2011)34

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Argentina, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are not specifically regulated by law30 35

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

In the most recent survey of state transparency in declaring firearm and ammunition exports among major small arms exporting nations, Argentina was ranked at No. 3936

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Argentina is categorised as restrictive37

Right to Possess Firearms

In Argentina, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law38

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

Regulation of Handguns

In Argentina, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence5

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Argentina, only licensed gun owners29 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Argentina are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, target shooting, collection, personal protection5

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Argentina is 21 years for military firearms and 18 years for civilian firearms5

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Argentina must pass a background check which considers criminal and mental5 records

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Argentina does not stipulate5 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Argentina, the law requires28 29 26 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Argentina, licensed firearm dealers are required26 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Argentina, licensed gun makers are required26 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Argentina include5 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Argentina include5 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Argentina, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law39

Firearm Tracing

In Argentina, state authorities carry out28 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Argentina, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit5

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in Argentina are known to have40 41 42 43 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Exchanged in Gun Buyback

In Argentina, the total number of firearms exchanged for monetary or in-kind compensation during recent gun buyback and disposal programmes is reported to be 160,53144 (2007-12)45 43

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn Argentina, the total number of firearms destroyed following recent amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2012: 10,74544
2010: 23,39540 41
2009: 51,672
2008: 32,825
2007: 20,037
2002: 5,00242

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Argentina, it is state policy46 40 41 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

Organization of American States

On 14 November 1997, as a member of the Organisation of American States (OAS), Argentina adopted the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Explosives, Ammunition and Other Related Materials (CIFTA), a legally binding multilateral treaty of which the OAS is depository. The CIFTA Convention has since been signed and ratified47 48 by Argentina

United Nations Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice

At the resumption of the most recent session of the UN Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice (UNCCPCJ), a subsidiary body of the Economic and Social Council mandated to promote action to prevent national and transnational crime, Argentina was listed as an elected member for a three-year term of office49

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 200750 by Argentina.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified51 by Argentina

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified52 by Argentina

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Argentina committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects53

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Argentina against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 3754 55 56 57 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Argentina has submitted one or more national reports58 35 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Argentina, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated59 35

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Argentina, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated59 35

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Argentina submitted to the UN, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities is apparent59 35

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated35 by Argentina to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Argentina has declared60 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Argentina has been a Member State of the United Nations since 194561

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies lists62 Argentina as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Argentina, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Argentina ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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