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Armed violence prevention, gun control laws and the small arms trade:

Argentina — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Argentina is 3,600,0001 2 3

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) in Argentina is 8.81 3 firearms per 100 people

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

In Argentina, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be 347,4954

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

There are reportedly 796,8744 handguns in civilian possession in Argentina

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Argentina ranked at No. 195

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Argentina ranked at No. 623

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

ChartThe number of licensed gun owners in Argentina is reported to be

2006: 569,9792
1999: 450,0004

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Argentina is

2006: 1.446
1999: 1.22

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Argentina is reported to be

2010: 1,261,7587 8 9
2008: 1,123,0597
2006: 1,185,4677 2
2001: 2,597,122

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in Argentina is

2010: 3.056
2008: 2.77
2006: 2.99
2001: 6.89

Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Argentina there are estimated to be 700,000 to 2,000,00010 2

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Argentina are reported to have 430,00011 10 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Argentina are reported to have 175,00011 to 270,00012 10 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

In Argentina, annual deaths resulting from firearms total 2001: 4,33113

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

In Argentina, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is 2001: 11.496

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Argentina, annual homicides by any means total

2010: 2,23714 15 16
2009: 2,21514 15 16 17
2008: 2,305
2007: 2,071
2006: 2,052
2005: 2,115
2004: 2,259
2003: 2,876
2002: 3,453
2001: 3,048
2000: 2,653
1999: 2,66815
1998: 2,607
1997: 3.265
1996: 3,001
1995: 2,723

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Argentina, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2010: 5.514 15 16
2009: 5.514 15 16 17
2008: 5.8
2007: 5.3
2006: 5.3
2005: 5.5
2004: 5.9
2003: 7.6
2002: 9.2
2001: 8.2
2000: 7.2
1999: 7.315
1998: 7.2
1997: 9.1
1996: 8.5
1995: 7.8
1994: 4.5118

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Argentina, annual firearm homicides total

2008: 1,10614 15 19
2007: 953
2006: 882
2005: 931
2004: 1,17419
2001: 1,61713

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Argentina, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2008: 2.736 15 19
2007: 2.386 15 19 17
2006: 2.23
2005: 2.38
2004: 3.119
2001: 4.2113
1994: 2.1120

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Argentina, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2008: 48%14
2007: 46%
2006: 43%
2005: 44%

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Argentina, annual suicides by any means total

2009: 2,90021
2008: 3,111
2007: 3,001
2006: 3,128
2005: 3,02121 22
2004: 3,14721
2003: 3,270
2002: 3,165
2001: 3,135
2000: 2,807
1996: 2,24513

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Argentina, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2009: 7.221
2008: 7.8
2007: 7.6
2006: 8.021 22
2005: 7.8
2004: 8.221
2003: 8.6
2002: 8.4
2001: 8.4
2000: 7.6
1996: 5.8413
1994: 6.7123

Gun Suicides

In Argentina, annual firearm suicides total 2001: 1,07413

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Argentina, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2001: 2.7913
1994: 3.0524

Unintentional Gun Deaths

In Argentina, annual unintentional shooting deaths total 2001: 24713

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Argentina, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2001: 0.6413
1994: 0.3225

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

In Argentina, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total 2001: 1,39313

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Argentina, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2001: 3.6213
1994: 3.7126

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Argentina, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, Argentina was ranked 'small'36

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Regulation of Firearm Exports

In Argentina, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law27 37 38 39 40

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Argentina is reported by Customs to be US$18,851,00241 (2011) 42

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Argentina was categorized as 'mid-level'43

Regulation of Firearm Imports

In Argentina, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law44 45 46 47 48 32 33 49 37 39 40

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Argentina is reported by Customs to be US$21,463,33641 (2011)50

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Argentina, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are not specifically regulated by law51 40 52

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Argentina include37 38 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

In the most recent survey of state transparency in declaring firearm and ammunition exports among major small arms exporting nations, Argentina was ranked at No. 3953

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Argentina is categorised as restrictive54

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Argentina includes the Firearms Act No. 20.429 of 197355 56 and its regulation, Decree No. 395/7557

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Argentina are regulated by the Ministry of Defence, through the National Firearm Registry,58 the National Gendarmerie, the Naval Prefecture and the Federal and Provincial Police59

Right to Possess Firearms

In Argentina, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law60

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Argentina, civilians are not allowed to possess military and automatic weapons,61 large gauge shotguns with a barrel length less than 380 mm, concealed firearms or launching weapons (pencils, pens, cigar, etc.), and expanding and incendiary ammunition,62 63 with only narrow exemptions,64 65 66 as well as certain types of handguns67 68 69

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Argentina, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited,61 62 69 with only narrow exemptions64 65 66

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Argentina, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted under licence70 71 69

Regulation of Handguns

In Argentina, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence70 72 67 68

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Argentina, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law70 72 62 71 69

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Argentina, only licensed gun owners73 74 75 76 64 65 66 77 61 39 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Argentina are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, target shooting, personal protection74 78 79

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Argentina is 21 years76 80

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Argentina must pass a background check which considers criminal, health, and mental76 81 records

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Argentina does not stipulate4 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Argentina, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course may be required81 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Argentina, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every five years82

Licensing Records

In Argentina, authorities maintain a record83 84 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Argentina, the law requires85 80 59 86 87 88 83 84 89 90 39 35 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Argentina, licensed firearm dealers are required91 80 34 35 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Argentina, licensed gun makers are required28 29 80 34 35 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Argentina, State agencies are required92 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Argentina, the private sale and transfer of firearms is permitted80 93 94 95 87 96

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Argentina, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful91 93 48 80 32 97 98 95 33 99 87 96

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Argentina include100 101 102 32 103 104 61 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Argentina include100 101 32 105 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Argentina include92 105 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Argentina include100 106 33 107 108 72 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Argentina, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law109 110 28 111 112 113

Firearm Tracing

In Argentina, state authorities carry out114 83 84 112 89 90 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Argentina, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law115 104

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Argentina, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm116 is 2 years prison and a fine117 118 119

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in Argentina are known to have120 121 122 123 124 125 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Surrendered in Gun Amnesty

In Argentina, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered in recent arms amnesty and collection programmes is reported to be 149,147120 (2007-14)126

Exchanged in Gun Buyback

In Argentina, the total number of firearms exchanged for monetary or in-kind compensation during recent gun buyback and disposal programmes is reported to be 160,531127 (2007-12)128 125 122

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn Argentina, the total number of firearms destroyed following recent amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2013: 61,693120
2012: 17,878120 127 122
2011: 23,250120 129 130
2010: 20,168120 129 131 132
2009: 51,672120 129 131 132 133 89
2008: 32,825120 129 131 132 133
2007: 20,037120 129 131 134 133
2006: 305120 129 133
2005: 4,808
2004: 11,200
2003: 14,471
2002: 4,381120 129 135 133
2001: 3,925120 129 133
2000: 14,822
1999: 709
1998: 2,626
1996: 1,376
1995: 3,650
1994: 916
1993: 709133

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Argentina, it is state policy136 137 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

Organization of American States

On 14 November 1997, as a member of the Organisation of American States (OAS), Argentina adopted the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Explosives, Ammunition and Other Related Materials (CIFTA), a legally binding multilateral treaty of which the OAS is depository. The CIFTA Convention has since been signed and ratified138 139 by Argentina

United Nations Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice

The UNCCPCJ, a subsidiary body of the Economic and Social Council mandated to promote action to prevent national and transnational crime, lists140 Argentina as an elected member

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 2007141 by Argentina.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified142 by Argentina

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified143 by Argentina

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Argentina committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects144

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Argentina against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 37145 146 147 148 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Argentina has submitted one or more national reports149 52 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Argentina, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated150 52

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Argentina, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated150 52

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Argentina submitted to the UN, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities is apparent150 52

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated52 by Argentina to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Argentina has declared151 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Argentina has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1945152

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies lists153 Argentina as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Argentina, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Argentina ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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58.

Argentina.1973.‘Jurisdictional Scope, Control and Inspection (Ambito jurisdiccional, fiscalización e inspección).’ Firearms Act No. 20.429 of 1973.Buenos Aires:National Executive Branch,21 May. (Q9786)Full Citation

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Argentina.1975.‘Firearms for Civil Use - Control (Armas de uso civil - fiscalización).’ Decree No. 395/75, Regulations for the National Act on Arms and Explosives No. 20.429.Buenos Aires:National Executive Branch,20 February. (Q9832)Full Citation

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Argentina.1975.‘Weapons of War (Armas de guerra).’ Decree No. 395/75, Regulations for the National Act on Arms and Explosives No. 20.429.Buenos Aires:National Executive Branch,20 February. (Q9805)Full Citation

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Argentina.1975.‘Legitimate Users - Permission (Legítimo usuario - permiso).’ Decree No. 395/75, Regulations for the National Act on Arms and Explosives No. 20.429.Buenos Aires:National Executive Branch,20 February. (Q9819)Full Citation

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Argentina.1975.‘Authority to Possess - Expiration (Autorización de tenencia - caducidad).’ Decree No. 395/75, Regulations for the National Act on Arms and Explosives No. 20.429.Buenos Aires:National Executive Branch,20 February. (Q9820)Full Citation

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Argentina.1999.‘Handgun Regulation - Various (Regulación de armas de puño - Varios).’ Provision 031/99 (Disposición 031/99).Buenos Aires:National Executive Branch,26 March. (Q9847)Full Citation

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Argentina.1996.‘Handguns for Civilian Use - Calibre .38 Special (Armas de fuego para uso civil - calibre .38 SP).’ Decree No. 821/96, Modifying Regulations for the National Act on Arms and Explosives No. 20.429.Buenos Aires:National Executive Branch,23 July. (Q9844)Full Citation

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Argentina.1995.‘Regulation of Firearms - Semi-automatic (Regulación de armas de fuego - semiautomáticas).’ Decree No. 64/95, Modifying Decree No. 395/75, Regulations for the National Act on Arms and Explosives No. 20.429 (Possession of Automatic Weapons).Buenos Aires:National Executive Branch,13 July. (Q9837)Full Citation

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Argentina.1973.‘Certificate of Ownership (Certificado de tenencia).’ Firearms Act No. 20.429 of 1973.Buenos Aires:National Executive Branch,21 May. (Q9799)Full Citation

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Argentina.1973.‘Temporary Limitation (Limitación temporaria).’ Firearms Act No. 20.429 of 1973.Buenos Aires:National Executive Branch,21 May. (Q9797)Full Citation

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Argentina.1975.‘Genuine Reason (Razones genuinas).’ Decree No. 395/75, Regulations for the National Act on Arms and Explosives No. 20.429.Buenos Aires:National Executive Branch,20 February. (Q9817)Full Citation

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Argentina.1994.‘Security System - Updated (Sistema de seguridad - Actualización).’ Decree No. 252/94, Modifying Regulations for the National Act on Arms and Explosives No. 20.429.Buenos Aires:National Executive Branch,16 February. (Q9838)Full Citation

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Argentina.1991.‘Private System for Technical Co-operation and Financial Assistance for the National Firearm Registry (Sistema privado de cooperación técnica y asistencia financiera para el Registro Nacional de Armas).’ Act No. 23.979, on the Creation of a Private System for Technical Co-operation and Financial Assistance for the National Firearm Registry.Buenos Aires:National Executive Branch,14 August. (Q9843)Full Citation

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Argentina.1975.‘Security Measures (Medidas de seguridad).’ Decree No. 395/75, Regulations for the National Act on Arms and Explosives No. 20.429.Buenos Aires:National Executive Branch,20 February. (Q9828)Full Citation

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