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Armed violence prevention, gun control laws and the small arms trade:

Antigua & Barbuda — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Antigua & Barbuda is 6,0001

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Antigua & Barbuda is 5.71

Number of Registered Firearms

The number of registered guns in Antigua & Barbuda is reported to be 1,6712 3

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

The rate of registered guns per 100 people in Antigua & Barbuda is 1,882 4

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Antigua & Barbuda are reported to have 2505 6 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Antigua & Barbuda are reported to have 4005 7 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Antigua & Barbuda, annual homicides by any means total

2014: 138
2013: 13
2012: 98 9
2011: 98
2010: 78 9 10 11 3
2009: 168 9 10 11
2008: 148 9 10 11 12
2007: 17
2006: 12
2005: 3
2004: 9
2003: 5
2002: 5
2001: 6
2000: 4

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Antigua & Barbuda, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2014: 14.308
2013: 14.45
2012: 10.108 9
2011: 10.218
2010: 8.028 9 10 11
2009: 18.54
2008: 16.408 9 10 11 12
2007: 20.14
2006: 14.38
2005: 3.63
2004: 11.01
2003: 6.18
2002: 6.25
2001: 7.60
2000: 5.15
1995: 10.610

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Antigua & Barbuda, annual firearm homicides total

2014: 108
2013: 9
2012: 8
2011: 8
2010: 38 3

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Antigua & Barbuda, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 10.954
2013: 9.98
2012: 8.99
2011: 9.10
2010: 3.46

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Antigua & Barbuda, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2014: 77%8
2013: 69%
2012: 89%
2011: 89%
2010: 43%

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Antigua & Barbuda, annual suicides by any means total

2008: 113
2007: 1
2004: 2
2003: 1
2002: 1
2001: 2
2000: 2

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Antigua & Barbuda, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2008: 1.213
2007: 1.2
2004: 2.513 14
2003: 1.313
2002: 1.3
2001: 2.6
2000: 2.7

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Antigua & Barbuda, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is prohibited15 16 17

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Antigua & Barbuda, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law18 19 20 21 22

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Antigua & Barbuda is reported by Customs to be US$6,30223 (2011)

Firearm Imports

In Antigua & Barbuda, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law24 18 19 20 25 21

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Antigua & Barbuda is reported by Customs to be US$45,69123 (2011)

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Antigua & Barbuda, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law22

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Antigua & Barbuda include20 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Antigua & Barbuda is categorised as restrictive26

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Antigua & Barbuda includes the Firearms Act of 1973,27 and Law No. 2042928

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Antigua & Barbuda are regulated by the Commissioner of Police and the Governor-General24 29 30 31 32

Right to Possess Firearms

In Antigua & Barbuda, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law33 34 35

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Antigua & Barbuda, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic firearms27 36 24 3

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Antigua & Barbuda, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited27 36 24 3

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Antigua & Barbuda, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted under licence27 36 24 35

Regulation of Handguns

In Antigua & Barbuda, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence27 36 24 35

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Antigua & Barbuda, only licensed gun owners36 32 24 29 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Antigua & Barbuda are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, animal control, self-defence31 24

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Antigua & Barbuda is 18 years37

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Antigua & Barbuda must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental health and addiction24 29 27 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Antigua & Barbuda, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required35

Partner to be Advised or Interviewed

In Antigua & Barbuda, licensing authorities are not required35 to conduct interviews with, or to advise an applicant's spouse, partner, or next of kin before issuing a gun licence

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Antigua & Barbuda does not stipulate35 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Antigua & Barbuda, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required24 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Antigua & Barbuda gun owners are licensed for an indefinite period or until the licence is revoked or otherwise terminated24

Licensing Records

In Antigua & Barbuda, authorities maintain a record38 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Antigua & Barbuda are permitted to possess any number of firearms35

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Antigua & Barbuda are permitted to possess any quantity of ammunition35

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Antigua & Barbuda, the law requires38 39 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Antigua & Barbuda, licensed firearm dealers are required39 21 38 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Antigua & Barbuda, licensed gun makers are required39 17 38 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Antigua & Barbuda, State agencies are required40 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Antigua & Barbuda, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful41 37 29 20 22

Background Checks for Dealer Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm from a licensed gun dealer in Antigua & Barbuda is obliged37 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In Antigua & Barbuda, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined35

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Antigua & Barbuda, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated35 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Antigua & Barbuda do not include35 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Antigua & Barbuda do not include35 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Antigua & Barbuda include40 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Antigua & Barbuda include19 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Antigua & Barbuda, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law42 17 25 38

Firearm Tracing

In Antigua & Barbuda, state authorities carry out43 44 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Antigua & Barbuda, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are not35 recorded in a register

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Antigua & Barbuda, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law45 31

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Antigua & Barbuda, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit45

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Antigua & Barbuda, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit45 31

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in Antigua & Barbuda are known to have46 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Small Arms Destroyed

In Antigua & Barbuda, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be 34246 (2006-2009)

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Antigua & Barbuda, it is state policy40 47 46 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

Organization of American States

On 14 November 1997, as a member of the Organisation of American States (OAS), Antigua & Barbuda adopted the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Explosives, Ammunition and Other Related Materials (CIFTA), a legally binding multilateral treaty of which the OAS is depository. The CIFTA Convention has since been signed and ratified48 49 by Antigua & Barbuda

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was not signed50 by Antigua & Barbuda.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified51 by Antigua & Barbuda

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified52 by Antigua & Barbuda

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Antigua & Barbuda committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects53

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Antigua & Barbuda against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 6454 55 56 57 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Antigua & Barbuda has submitted one or more national reports58 59 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Antigua & Barbuda, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated60 59

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated59 by Antigua & Barbuda to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Antigua & Barbuda has declared61 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Antigua & Barbuda has been a Member State of the United Nations since 198162

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list63 Antigua & Barbuda as a Participating State


Short References

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