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Albania — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Albania is 270,0001

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Albania is 11.47 to 16.212

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Albania ranked at No. 1083

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Albania ranked at No. 701

Proportion of Households with Handguns

In Albania, the percentage of households with one or more handguns is reported to be

2012: 6.5%4

Number of Registered Firearms

The number of registered guns in Albania is reported to be 65,7471

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

The rate of registered guns per 100 people in Albania is 2.175

Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Albania there are estimated to be 200,0006

Estimated Rate of Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Albania the rate of illicit firearms per 100 people is estimated to be 6.575

Number of Households with Firearms

In Albania, the number of households containing one or more guns is reported to be

2012: 85,6287

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Albania are reported to have 450,0008 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Albania are reported to have 1,4009 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Albania, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2008: 8310 11 12
2007: 90
2004: 144
2003: 167
2002: 234
2001: 236
2000: 145
1999: 552
1998: 74110 11 12 13

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Albania, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2008: 2.785
2007: 3.00
2004: 4.73
2003: 5.44
2002: 7.55
2001: 7.54
2000: 4.59
1999: 17.32
1998: 23.06

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Albania, annual homicides by any means total

2012: 15714
2011: 14214 15 16
2010: 12714 15
2009: 85
2008: 93
2007: 105
2006: 95
2005: 154
2004: 11915
2003: 144
2002: 231
2001: 208
2000: 275
1999: 496
1998: 573
1997: 1,542
1996: 248
1995: 210

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Albania, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2012: 5.014
2011: 4.514 15 16
2010: 4.014 15
2009: 2.7
2008: 2.9
2007: 3.314 15 17
2006: 3.0
2005: 4.8
2004: 3.815
2003: 4.6
2002: 7.5
2001: 6.8
2000: 9.0
1999: 16.1
1998: 18.6
1997: 49.9
1996: 8.0
1995: 6.7

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Albania, annual firearm homicides total

2011: 8714
2010: 88
2009: 57
2008: 5310 14 15
2007: 61
2006: 5314
2005: 8814
2004: 9710
2003: 125
2002: 17610 15
2001: 174
2000: 11110
1999: 461
1998: 591

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Albania, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 2.915
2010: 2.95
2009: 1.91
2008: 1.6910 5 15
2007: 1.95
2006: 1.765
2005: 2.91
2004: 3.110
2003: 4.03
2002: 5.7110 15
2001: 5.67
2000: 3.5610
1999: 13.67
1998: 17.62

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Albania, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2011: 61%14 16
2010: 69%14
2009: 67%
2008: 60%
2007: 63%
2006: 56%
2005: 57%
2002: 75.4%15
2001: 78.8%

Suicides (any method)

In Albania, annual suicides by any means total

1998: 16513

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In Albania, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

1998: 5.2113

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Albania, annual firearm suicides total

2008: 2311
2007: 23
2004: 40
2003: 35
2002: 48
2001: 40
2000: 27
1999: 66
1998: 98

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Albania, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2008: 0.7411
2007: 0.74
2004: 1.28
2003: 1.13
2002: 1.56
2001: 1.3
2000: 0.87
1999: 1.96
1998: 2.92

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Albania, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2008: 712
2007: 6
2004: 7
2003: 7
2002: 10
2001: 22
2000: 7
1999: 25
1998: 50

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Albania, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2008: 0.2212
2007: 0.19
2004: 0.22
2003: 0.23
2002: 0.32
2001: 0.72
2000: 0.22
1999: 0.74
1998: 1.49

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

In Albania, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

1998: 213

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

In Albania, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

1998: 0.0613

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Albania, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is prohibited18

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Albania, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Albania is reported by Customs to be US$549,46727 (2010)

Firearm Imports

In Albania, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law19 28 22 23 24 25 26

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Albania is reported by Customs to be US$142,42127 (2011)

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Albania is high29

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Albania, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law30 31 24 32

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Albania include33 34 35 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Albania is categorised as permissive36

Law Regulates Civilian Access to Firearms

In Albania, civilian possession of guns is regulated by law16

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Albania includes the Law No.9707 on State Import-Export Control of Military Goods and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies37 24

Right to Possess Firearms

In Albania, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law38 39

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

Law Regulates Automatic Weapons

In Albania, civilian possession of automatic weapons is regulated by law16

Law Regulates Handguns

In Albania, civilian possession of handguns is regulated by law16

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Albania, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law16

Gun Ownership and Possession

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Albania must pass a background check which considers undefined16 records

Licensing Records

In Albania, authorities maintain a record40 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Albania, the law requires41 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Albania, licensed gun makers are required42 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Albania, State agencies are required40 43 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Albania, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful21

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Albania include44 45 46 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Albania include34 47 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Albania, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law41 48 49

Firearm Tracing

In Albania, state authorities carry out50 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Albania, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law16

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in Albania are known to have51 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

In Albania, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2011: 1,67252

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn Albania, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2014: 70,00053
1997/2005: 222,91854 51

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Albania, it is not state policy55 25 56 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 200857 by Albania.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified58 by Albania

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified59 by Albania

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Albania committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects60

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Albania against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 1461 62 63 64 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Albania has submitted one or more national reports65 32 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Albania, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has not been designated66 32

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Albania, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated32

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Albania submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was not apparent66 32

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated32 by Albania to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided32 to Albania by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Albania has declared67 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Albania has been a Member State of the United Nations since 195568

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list69 Albania as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Albania, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Albania ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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