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Alabama — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

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StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Proportion of Adults Living in a Home With a Gun

ChartIn Alabama, the percentage of adults living in a household with a firearm is reported to be

2004: 52.0%1
2002: 57.2%2
2001: 51.7%3

Proportion of Households with Firearms

In Alabama, the percentage of households with one or more guns is reported to be

2004: 57.51%4

Proportion of Households with Firearms by Decade

ChartIn Alabama, the percentage of households with one or more guns is estimated to be

2001/2010: 70.9%5 6
1991/2000: 76.6%
1981/1990: 79.1%

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Alabama, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 8157
2013: 860
2012: 831
2011: 785
2010: 782
2009: 830
2008: 820
2007: 812
2006: 780
2005: 736
2004: 679
2003: 765
2002: 724
2001: 737
2000: 766
1999: 790

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Alabama, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 16.817
2013: 17.79
2012: 17.25
2011: 16.35
2010: 16.36
2009: 17.44
2008: 17.38
2007: 17.38
2006: 16.85
2005: 16.11
2004: 14.99
2003: 16.99
2002: 16.16
2001: 16.50
2000: 17.22
1999: 17.83

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Alabama, annual homicides by any means total

2013: 4177
2012: 405
2011: 392
2010: 391
2009: 412
2008: 454
2007: 480
2006: 445
2005: 433
2004: 369
2003: 434
2002: 416
2001: 425
2000: 444
1999: 438

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Alabama, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2013: 8.637
2012: 8.41
2011: 8.16
2010: 8.18
2009: 8.66
2008: 9.62
2007: 10.27
2006: 9.61
2005: 9.48
2004: 8.14
2003: 9.64
2002: 9.29
2001: 9.51
2000: 9.98
1999: 9.89

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Alabama, annual firearm homicides total

2013: 3177
2012: 305
2011: 292
2010: 283
2009: 317
2008: 349
2007: 378
2006: 333
2005: 319
2004: 262
2003: 322
2002: 292
2001: 302
2000: 294
1999: 293

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Alabama, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 6.567
2012: 6.35
2011: 6.08
2010: 5.92
2009: 6.66
2008: 7.40
2007: 8.09
2006: 7.19
2005: 6.98
2004: 5.78
2003: 7.15
2002: 6.52
2001: 6.76
2000: 6.61
1999: 6.61

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn Alabama, according to figures8 from the US Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), annual handgun homicides total

2013: 19 10
2012: 1
2010: 112
2009: 196
2008: 241
2007: 262
2006: 226
2005: 206
2004: 137
2003: 185
2002: 168
2001: 199
2000: 129
1999: 11
1998: 169
1997: 251
1996: 265
1995: 309

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Alabama, according to figures11 from the US Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0212
2012: 0.02
2010: 2.34
2009: 4.12
2008: 5.11
2007: 5.61
2006: 4.88
2005: 4.51
2004: 3.02
2003: 4.11
2002: 3.75
2001: 4.45
2000: 2.90
1999: 0.25
1998: 3.84
1997: 5.75
1996: 6.12
1995: 7.19

Handgun Homicides (CDC)

ChartIn Alabama, according to figures8 from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), annual handgun homicides total

2013: 1613 10
2012: 0 (suppressed)
2011: 15
2010: 14
2009: 28
2008: 31
2007: 37
2006: 26
2005: 30
2004: 34
2003: 36
2002: 44
2001: 32
2000: 29
1999: 37

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People (CDC)

ChartIn Alabama, according to figures11 from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.00 (unreliable)13 10
2012: 0.00 (unreliable)
2011: 0.00 (unreliable)
2010: 0.00 (unreliable)
2009: 0.59
2008: 0.66
2007: 0.79
2006: 0.56
2005: 0.66
2004: 0.75
2003: 0.80
2002: 0.98
2001: 0.72
2000: 0.65
1999: 0.84

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn Alabama, according to figures14 from the US Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), annual long gun homicides total

2013: 09 10
2012: 0
2010: 23
2009: 33
2008: 21
2007: 23
2006: 21
2005: 16
2004: 20
2003: 22
2002: 18
2001: 26
2000: 21
1999: 1
1998: 24
1997: 29
1996: 42
1995: 37

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Alabama, according to figures15 from the US Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0012
2012: 0.00
2010: 0.48
2009: 0.69
2008: 0.45
2007: 0.49
2006: 0.45
2005: 0.35
2004: 0.44
2003: 0.49
2002: 0.40
2001: 0.58
2000: 0.47
1999: 0.02
1998: 0.54
1997: 0.66
1996: 0.97
1995: 0.86

Long Gun Homicides (CDC)

ChartIn Alabama, according to figures14 from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), annual long gun homicides total

2013: 1213 10
2012: 0 (suppressed)
2011: 13
2010: 14
2009: 18
2008: 21
2007: 22
2006: 32
2005: 24
2004: 21
2003: 26
2002: 24
2001: 34
2000: 28
1999: 29

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People (CDC)

ChartIn Alabama, according to figures15 from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.00 (unreliable)13 10
2012: 0.00 (unreliable)
2011: 0.00 (unreliable)
2010: 0.00 (unreliable)
2009: 0.00 (unreliable)
2008: 0.45
2007: 0.47
2006: 0.69
2005: 0.53
2004: 0.46
2003: 0.58
2002: 0.54
2001: 0.76
2000: 0.63
1999: 0.65

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Alabama, according to figures16 from the US Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), annual firearm homicides (other) total

2013: 09 10
2012: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 1
2004: 1
2003: 0
2002: 0
2001: 0
1999: 1
1996: 1

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Alabama, according to figures17 from the US Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), the annual rate of firearm homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0012
2012: 0.00
2010: 0.00
2009: 0.00
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.02
2004: 0.02
2003: 0.00
2002: 0.00
2001: 0.00
1999: 0.02
1996: 0.02

Gun Homicides (Other) (CDC)

ChartIn Alabama, according to figures16 from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), annual firearm homicides (other) total

2013: 28913 10
2012: 294
2011: 264
2010: 255
2009: 271
2008: 297
2007: 319
2006: 275
2005: 265
2004: 207
2003: 260
2002: 224
2001: 236
2000: 237
1999: 227

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People (CDC)

ChartIn Alabama, according to figures17 from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the annual rate of firearm homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2013: 5.9813 10
2012: 6.10
2011: 5.50
2010: 5.34
2009: 5.70
2008: 6.29
2007: 6.83
2006: 5.94
2005: 5.80
2004: 4.57
2003: 5.77
2002: 5.00
2001: 5.28
2000: 5.33
1999: 5.12

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Alabama, annual suicides by any means total

2013: 7217
2012: 724
2011: 654
2010: 679
2009: 673
2008: 604
2007: 592
2006: 580
2005: 535
2004: 541
2003: 521
2002: 514
2001: 512
2000: 583
1999: 555

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Alabama, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2013: 14.927
2012: 15.03
2011: 13.62
2010: 14.21
2009: 14.14
2008: 12.80
2007: 12.67
2006: 12.53
2005: 11.71
2004: 11.94
2003: 11.57
2002: 11.47
2001: 11.46
2000: 13.11
1999: 12.53

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Alabama, annual firearm suicides total

2013: 5047
2012: 500
2011: 452
2010: 454
2009: 479
2008: 424
2007: 396
2006: 400
2005: 369
2004: 375
2003: 399
2002: 381
2001: 387
2000: 427
1999: 435

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Alabama, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 10.437
2012: 9.98
2011: 9.41
2010: 9.50
2009: 10.07
2008: 8.99
2007: 8.47
2006: 8.64
2005: 8.07
2004: 8.28
2003: 8.86
2002: 8.50
2001: 8.66
2000: 9.60
1999: 9.82

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn Alabama, annual handgun suicides total

2013: 3613
2012: 42
2011: 38
2010: 29
2009: 60
2008: 49
2007: 57
2006: 43
2005: 54
2004: 53
2003: 54
2002: 56
2001: 65
2000: 80
1999: 94

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Alabama, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.7413
2012: 0.87
2011: 0.79
2010: 0.61
2009: 1.26
2008: 1.04
2007: 1.22
2006: 0.93
2005: 1.18
2004: 1.17
2003: 1.20
2002: 1.25
2001: 1.45
2000: 1.80
1999: 2.12

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn Alabama, the number of long gun suicides is

2013: 3313
2012: 37
2011: 36
2010: 30
2009: 46
2008: 39
2007: 37
2006: 40
2005: 45
2004: 42
2003: 49
2002: 47
2001: 54
2000: 38
1999: 63

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Alabama, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.6813
2012: 0.77
2011: 0.75
2010: 0.63
2009: 0.97
2008: 0.83
2007: 0.79
2006: 0.86
2005: 0.98
2004: 0.93
2003: 1.09
2002: 1.05
2001: 1.21
2000: 0.85
1999: 1.42

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn Alabama, annual gun suicides (other) total

2013: 43513
2012: 421
2011: 378
2010: 395
2009: 373
2008: 336
2007: 302
2006: 317
2005: 270
2004: 280
2003: 296
2002: 278
2001: 268
2000: 309
1999: 278

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Alabama, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2013: 9.0013
2012: 8.73
2011: 7.87
2010: 8.26
2009: 7.84
2008: 7.12
2007: 6.46
2006: 6.85
2005: 5.91
2004: 6.18
2003: 6.57
2002: 6.21
2001: 6.00
2000: 6.95
1999: 6.28

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Alabama, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2013: 257
2012: 14
2011: 25
2010: 35
2009: 28
2008: 32
2007: 24
2006: 37
2005: 37
2004: 31
2003: 38
2002: 45
2001: 41
2000: 34
1999: 51

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Alabama, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.527
2012: 0.29
2011: 0.52
2010: 0.73
2009: 0.59
2008: 0.68
2007: 0.51
2006: 0.80
2005: 0.81
2004: 0.68
2003: 0.84
2002: 1.00
2001: 0.92
2000: 0.76
1999: 1.15

Unintentional Handgun Deaths

ChartIn Alabama, annual unintentional shooting deaths by handgun total

2013: 0 (suppressed)13
2012: 0 (suppressed)
2011: 0 (suppressed)
2010: 0 (suppressed)
2009: 0 (suppressed)
2008: 0 (suppressed)
2007: 0 (suppressed)
2006: 0 (suppressed)
2005: 0 (suppressed)
2004: 0 (suppressed)
2003: 0 (suppressed)
2002: 0 (suppressed)
2001: 0 (suppressed)
2000: 0 (suppressed)
1999: 0 (suppressed)

Rate of Unintentional Handgun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Alabama, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by handgun per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.00 (unreliable)13
2012: 0.00 (unreliable)
2011: 0.00 (unreliable)
2010: 0.00 (unreliable)
2009: 0.00 (unreliable)
2008: 0.00 (unreliable)
2007: 0.00 (unreliable)
2006: 0.00 (unreliable)
2005: 0.00 (unreliable)
2004: 0.00 (unreliable)
2003: 0.00 (unreliable)
2002: 0.00 (unreliable)
2001: 0.00 (unreliable)
2000: 0.00 (unreliable)
1999: 0.00 (unreliable)

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn Alabama, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2013: 0 (suppressed)13
2012: 0 (suppressed)
2011: 0 (suppressed)
2010: 0 (suppressed)
2009: 0 (suppressed)
2008: 0 (suppressed)
2007: 0 (suppressed)
2006: 0 (suppressed)
2005: 0 (suppressed)
2004: 0 (suppressed)
2003: 0 (suppressed)
2002: 0 (suppressed)
2001: 0 (suppressed)
2000: 0 (suppressed)
1999: 0 (suppressed)

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Alabama, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.00 (unreliable)13
2012: 0.00 (unreliable)
2011: 0.00 (unreliable)
2010: 0.00 (unreliable)
2009: 0.00 (unreliable)
2008: 0.00 (unreliable)
2007: 0.00 (unreliable)
2006: 0.00 (unreliable)
2005: 0.00 (unreliable)
2004: 0.00 (unreliable)
2003: 0.00 (unreliable)
2002: 0.00 (unreliable)
2001: 0.00 (unreliable)
2000: 0.00 (unreliable)
1999: 0.00 (unreliable)

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn Alabama, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2013: 2013
2012: 11
2011: 23
2010: 33
2009: 27
2008: 29
2007: 22
2006: 35
2005: 34
2004: 27
2003: 34
2002: 36
2001: 37
2000: 33
1999: 47

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Alabama, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.4113
2012: 0.00 (unreliable)
2011: 0.48
2010: 0.69
2009: 0.57
2008: 0.61
2007: 0.47
2006: 0.76
2005: 0.74
2004: 0.60
2003: 0.75
2002: 0.80
2001: 0.83
2000: 0.74
1999: 1.06

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Alabama, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 0(suppressed)7
2012: 0(suppressed)
2011: 15
2010: 0(suppressed)
2009: 0(suppressed)
2008: 14
2007: 13
2006: 8
2005: 6
2004: 9
2003: 5
2002: 6
2001: 7
2000: 9
1999: 8

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Alabama, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.00(unreliable)7
2012: 0.00(unreliable)
2011: 0.31
2010: 0.00(unreliable)
2009: 0.00(unreliable)
2008: 0.30
2007: 0.28
2006: 0.17
2005: 0.13
2004: 0.20
2003: 0.11
2002: 0.13
2001: 0.16
2000: 0.20
1999: 0.18

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Alabama, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 0 (suppressed)13
2012: 0 (suppressed)
2011: 0 (suppressed)
2010: 0 (suppressed)
2009: 0 (suppressed)
2008: 0 (suppressed)
2007: 0 (suppressed)
2006: 0 (suppressed)
2005: 0 (suppressed)
2004: 0 (suppressed)
2003: 0 (suppressed)
2002: 0 (suppressed)
2001: 0 (suppressed)
2000: 0 (suppressed)
1999: 0 (suppressed)

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Alabama, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.00 (unreliable)13
2012: 0.00 (unreliable)
2011: 0.00 (unreliable)
2010: 0.00 (unreliable)
2009: 0.00 (unreliable)
2008: 0.00 (unreliable)
2007: 0.00 (unreliable)
2006: 0.00 (unreliable)
2005: 0.00 (unreliable)
2004: 0.00 (unreliable)
2003: 0.00 (unreliable)
2002: 0.00 (unreliable)
2001: 0.00 (unreliable)
2000: 0.00 (unreliable)
1999: 0.00 (unreliable)

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Alabama, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 0 (suppressed)13
2012: 0 (suppressed)
2011: 0 (suppressed)
2010: 0 (suppressed)
2009: 0 (suppressed)
2008: 0 (suppressed)
2007: 0 (suppressed)
2006: 0 (suppressed)
2005: 0 (suppressed)
2004: 0 (suppressed)
2003: 0 (suppressed)
2002: 0 (suppressed)
2001: 0 (suppressed)
2000: 0 (suppressed)
1999: 0 (suppressed)

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Alabama, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.00 (unreliable)13
2012: 0.00 (unreliable)
2011: 0.00 (unreliable)
2010: 0.00 (unreliable)
2009: 0.00 (unreliable)
2008: 0.00 (unreliable)
2007: 0.00 (unreliable)
2006: 0.00 (unreliable)
2005: 0.00 (unreliable)
2004: 0.00 (unreliable)
2003: 0.00 (unreliable)
2002: 0.00 (unreliable)
2001: 0.00 (unreliable)
2000: 0.00 (unreliable)
1999: 0.00 (unreliable)

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Alabama, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 0 (suppressed)13
2012: 0 (suppressed)
2011: 15
2010: 0 (suppressed)
2009: 0 (suppressed)
2008: 13
2007: 12
2006: 0 (suppressed)
2005: 0 (suppressed)
2004: 0 (suppressed)
2003: 0 (suppressed)
2002: 0 (suppressed)
2001: 0 (suppressed)
2000: 0 (suppressed)
1999: 0 (suppressed)

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Alabama, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.00 (unreliable)13
2012: 0.00 (unreliable)
2011: 0.00 (unreliable)
2010: 0.00 (unreliable)
2009: 0.00 (unreliable)
2008: 0.00 (unreliable)
2007: 0.00 (unreliable)
2006: 0.00 (unreliable)
2005: 0.00 (unreliable)
2004: 0.00 (unreliable)
2003: 0.00 (unreliable)
2002: 0.00 (unreliable)
2001: 0.00 (unreliable)
2000: 0.00 (unreliable)
1999: 0.00 (unreliable)

Justifiable Gun Homicides

ChartIn Alabama, annual legal-intervention gun homicides total

2011: 018
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 319
2007: 3
2006: 4
2005: 1
2004: 3
2003: 2
2002: 3
2001: 220
2000: 1
1999: 0
1998: 2
1997: 5
1996: 5
1995: 5

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Origin of Crime Guns

Suppliers of Crime Guns to Other US States (Rate)

When crime guns seized in the United States were traced, interstate gun traffickers had sourced their weapons from Alabama at a rate of 33.221 per 100,000 inhabitants

Suppliers of Crime Guns to Other US States (Rank)

When crime guns seized in the United States were traced, Alabama ranked at No. 521 out of 51 US jurisdictions as a source of weapons for interstate gun trafficking

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Alabama is categorised as permissive22

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Alabama includes the Code of Alabama 1975 and the Constitution of Alabama 190123

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Alabama are regulated by the State of Alabama24 25 26

Right to Possess Firearms

In Alabama, the right to private gun ownership is conditionally guaranteed by the US Constitution,27 as limited by federal law28 and state law29 25 26

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Alabama, civilians are allowed to possess assault weapons,30 machine guns,31 .50 calibre rifles32 and large capacity ammunition magazines33 25 26

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Alabama, private possession of fully automatic weapons is permitted subject to federal licensing and registration34 31 25 26

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Alabama, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted without a licence30 25 26

Regulation of Handguns

In Alabama, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted without a licence35 36 25 26

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Alabama, non-prohibited persons of minimum age35 37 25 26 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Alabama is 18 years for handguns38 25 26

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Alabama stipulates39 25 26 that firearm possession should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Alabama, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is not required36 25 26

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Alabama, the law does not require40 25 26 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Alabama, licensed firearm dealers are required (for handguns only)41 25 26 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Alabama, the private sale and transfer of firearms is permitted42 25 26

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Alabama, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful only for handguns43 25 26

Background Checks for Private Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm in a private sale in Alabama is not obliged44 42 25 26 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Background Checks for Dealer Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm from a licensed gun dealer in Alabama is obliged44 25 26 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Limit on Gun Dealer Sales

In Alabama, the number and type of firearms which can be sold by a licensed gun dealer to a single gun owner is not limited45 25 26

Number of Licensed Gun Dealers

ChartThe number of licensed firearm dealers in Alabama is reported to be

2015: 2,38546
2014: 2,39447
2013: 2,40448
2012: 2,24149
2011: 2,10350

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In Alabama, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined51 25 26

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Alabama, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated52 25 26 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Alabama do not include53 25 26 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private guns and ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Alabama include54 25 26 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Although regulations in Alabama do not include53 25 26 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit, US federal law does apply55

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Alabama, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law56 57 58 59 60 25 26

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Alabama, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are not61 25 26 recorded in a register

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Alabama, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed without a permit62 25 26

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Alabama, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit36 25 26

Hidden Handgun Permit May, or Shall Be Issued

In Alabama, local licensing authorities "may issue", with room for discretion,36 63 25 26 a hidden handgun carry permit to any non-prohibited person who applies

Reciprocity for Hidden Handgun Permit Holders

In Alabama, gun owners with a permit to carry hidden handguns issued in another jurisdiction are granted (by mutual agreement)36 25 26 reciprocal rights

Exempting Hidden Handgun Permit Holders from Background Checks

In Alabama, gun owners with a valid permit to carry a hidden handgun are not exempt36 25 26 from background checks when buying from a licensed gun dealer

Gun Free Zones

In Alabama, private guns are prohibited in demonstrations held at a public place,64 vehicles (handguns only)65 and schools66 25 26

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Alabama, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm67 is 10 years in prison68 69 70 25 26

Grading US State Gun Laws

Gun Law Ranking – LCPGV

In their 'A-F' State Scorecard of US gun laws, the Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence ranked Alabama as ‘F’71

Gun Law Ranking – Brady Campaign

ChartIn its annual State Scorecard, the Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence scored firearm legislation in Alabama on a scale of 0 points (weak) to 100 points (strong)

2011: 1472
2010: 1673
2009: 1674
2008: 1575
2007: 1576

Gun Law Ranking – Open Society Institute

In its Comparative Survey of State Firearm Laws, the Open Society Institute ranked Alabama at No. 3577 among 50 US States


Short References

1.

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North Carolina State Center for Health Statistics.2002.‘Question: Are any firearms now kept in or around your home? Include those kept in a garage, outdoor storage area, car, truck, or other motor vehicle.’ BRFSS Survey Results 2001 for Nationwide.Atlanta, GA:Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System / BRFSS, US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention / CDC,2 September. (Q8391)Full Citation

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31.

State of Alabama.2012.‘Machine Guns and Automatic Firearms in Alabama.’ Firearms Law Database.San Francisco, CA:Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence,3 January. (Q7750)Full Citation

32.

State of Alabama.2012.‘Fifty Caliber Rifles in Alabama.’ Firearms Law Database.San Francisco, CA:Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence,3 January. (Q7751)Full Citation

33.

State of Alabama.2012.‘Large Capacity Ammunition Magazines in Alabama.’ Firearms Law Database.San Francisco, CA:Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence,3 January. (Q7752)Full Citation

34.

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35.

State of Alabama.2012.‘Ala. Code § 13A-11-72, etc..’ Firearms Law Database - Prohibited Purchasers Generally in Alabama.San Francisco, CA:Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence,3 January. (Q7233)Full Citation

36.

State of Alabama.2012.‘Ala. Code §§ 13A-11-73, etc..’ Firearms Law Database - Concealed Weapons Permitting in Alabama.San Francisco, CA:Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence,3 January. (Q7542)Full Citation

37.

State of Alabama.2012.‘Licensing of Gun Owners and Purchasers in Alabama.’ Firearms Law Database.San Francisco, CA:Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence,3 January. (Q7890)Full Citation

38.

State of Alabama.2012.‘Ala. Code § 13A-11-76.’ Firearms Law Database - Minimum Age to Purchase and Possess in Alabama.San Francisco, CA:Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence,3 January. (Q6959)Full Citation

39.

State of Alabama.2015.‘Ala. Code §§ 31-9-8(d), etc..’ Firearms Law Database - Domestic Violence and Firearms in Alabama.San Francisco, CA:Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence,24 August. (Q7007)Full Citation

40.

State of Alabama.2012.‘Registration of Firearms in Alabama.’ Firearms Law Database.San Francisco, CA:Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence,3 January. (Q7489)Full Citation

41.

State of Alabama.2012.‘Ala. Code § 13A-11-79, etc..’ Firearms Law Database - Retention of Sales and Background Check Records in Alabama.San Francisco, CA:Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence,3 January. (Q7062)Full Citation

42.

State of Alabama.2012.‘Ala. Code § 13A-11-76, etc..’ Firearms Law Database - Private Sales in Alabama.San Francisco, CA:Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence,3 January. (Q7235)Full Citation

43.

State of Alabama.2012.‘Ala. Code § 13A-11-78, etc..’ Firearms Law Database - Dealer Regulations in Alabama.San Francisco, CA:Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence,3 January. (Q7250)Full Citation

44.

State of Alabama.2012.‘Ala. Code § 41-9-649, etc..’ Firearms Law Database - Background Checks in Alabama.San Francisco, CA:Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence,3 January. (Q6952)Full Citation

45.

State of Alabama.2012.‘Multiple Purchases and Sales of Firearms in Alabama.’ Firearms Law Database.San Francisco, CA:Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence,3 January. (Q7249)Full Citation

46.

USA.2016.‘Federal Firearms Licensees by State 2015.’ ATF Firearms Commerce in the United States: Annual Statistical Update 2016.Washington DC:US Department of Justice, Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF),9 August. (Q13211)Full Citation

47.

USA.2016.‘Federal Firearms Licensees by State 2014.’ ATF Firearms Commerce in the United States: Annual Statistical Update 2015.Washington DC:US Department of Justice, Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF),15 March. (Q13210)Full Citation

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USA.2014.‘Federal Firearms Licensees by State 2013.’ ATF Firearms Commerce in the United States: Annual Statistical Update 2014.Washington DC:US Department of Justice, Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF),24 April. (Q13213)Full Citation

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50.

USA.2012.‘Federal Firearms Licensees by State 2011.’ Firearms Commerce in the United States: Annual Statistical Update 2012.Washington, DC:US Department of Justice, Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF),1 January. (Q6787)Full Citation

51.

State of Alabama.2015.‘Waiting Periods in Alabama.’ Firearms Law Database.San Francisco, CA:Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence,24 August. (Q7112)Full Citation

52.

State of Alabama.2012.‘Ala. Code § 11-80-11(a).’ Firearms Law Database - Gun Shows in Alabama.San Francisco, CA:Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence,3 January. (Q7864)Full Citation

53.

State of Alabama.2012.‘Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations in Alabama.’ Firearms Law Database.San Francisco, CA:Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence,3 January. (Q7354)Full Citation

54.

LCPGV.2012.‘Summary of State Laws Regulating Firearms Dealers - Security Measures.’ Firearms Law Database - Dealer Regulations Policy Summary.San Francisco, CA:Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence,18 May. (Q7549)Full Citation

55.

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56.

State of Alabama.2013.‘Code of Alabama 1975 - Alteration of Manufacturer's Number of Firearm.’ Alabama Legislative Information System Online (ALISON).Montgomery, AL:Alabama Legislative Information System Online (ALISON),31 October. (Q8191)Full Citation

57.

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State of Alabama.2012.‘Microstamping and Ballistic Identification in Alabama.’ Firearms Law Database.San Francisco, CA:Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence,3 January. (Q7645)Full Citation

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63.

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State of Alabama.2012.‘Ala. Code § 13A-11-59(b), etc..’ Firearms Law Database - Other Location Restrictions in Alabama.San Francisco, CA:Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence,3 January. (Q7853)Full Citation

65.

State of Alabama.2012.‘Ala. Code § 13A-11-73, etc..’ Firearms Law Database - Guns in Vehicles in Alabama.San Francisco, CA:Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence,3 January. (Q7865)Full Citation

66.

State of Alabama.2012.‘Ala. Code § 13A-11-72, etc..’ Firearms Law Database - Guns in Schools in Alabama.San Francisco, CA:Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence,3 January. (Q7800)Full Citation

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State of Alabama.2013.‘Code of Alabama 1975 - Penalties; Seizure and Disposition of Pistols.’ Alabama Legislative Information System Online (ALISON).Montgomery, AL:Alabama Legislative Information System Online (ALISON),31 October. (Q8192)Full Citation

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