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Armed violence prevention, gun control laws and the small arms trade:

Afghanistan — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Afghanistan is 1,000,0001

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) in Afghanistan is 4.41 firearms per 100 people

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Afghanistan ranked at No. 462

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Afghanistan ranked at No. 1061

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Afghanistan are reported to have 52,0003 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Afghanistan are reported to have 70,0004 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Homicides (any method)

In Afghanistan, annual homicides by any means total 2008: 7125

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Afghanistan, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2008: 2.45
2004: 3.406

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Regulation of Firearm Exports

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Afghanistan is reported by Customs to be US$6,6837 (2009)

Regulation of Firearm Imports

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Afghanistan is reported by Customs to be US$64,016,6507 (2011)8

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

Law Regulates Civilian Access to Firearms

In Afghanistan, civilian possession of guns is regulated by law9

Right to Possess Firearms

In Afghanistan, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law10

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

Law Regulates Handguns

In Afghanistan, civilian possession of handguns is regulated by law9

Gun Ownership and Possession

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Afghanistan must pass a background check which considers undefined9 records

Firearm Safety Training

In Afghanistan, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required11 for a firearm licence

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Afghanistan, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law9

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Afghanistan, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit11

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Surrendered in Gun Amnesty

In Afghanistan, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered in recent arms amnesty and collection programmes is reported to be 131,81112 (2003)

MeasuresInternational Controls

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 200613 by Afghanistan.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has not been signed14 by Afghanistan

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has not been signed15 by Afghanistan

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Afghanistan committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects16

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Afghanistan has yet to submit a national report17 18 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Afghanistan, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has not been designated18

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Afghanistan, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has not been designated18

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Afghanistan submitted to the UN, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities is not apparent18

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated18 by Afghanistan to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided18 to Afghanistan by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Afghanistan has not declared19 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Afghanistan has been a Member State of the United Nations since 194620

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list21 Afghanistan as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Afghanistan, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Afghanistan ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


Short References

1.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms - Annexe online.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q5)Full Citation

2.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q4)Full Citation

3.

Karp, Aaron.2006.‘Trickle and Torrent: State stockpiles.’ Small Arms Survey 2006: Unfinished Business.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q6)Full Citation

4.

Karp, Aaron.2006.‘Trickle and Torrent: State stockpiles.’ Small Arms Survey 2006: Unfinished Business.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q7)Full Citation

5.

UNODC.2013.‘Homicide in 207 Countries - Afghanistan.’ Global Study on Homicide 2011: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,26 June. (Q6226)Full Citation

6.

Petrini, Benjamin.2011.‘South Asia, 1995-2008, Total Recorded Intentional Homicide, Completed, Rate per 100,000 Population.’ World Bank Homicide Rate Dataset 1995-2008.Washington, DC:Social Development Department, World Bank,10 February. (Q3815)Full Citation

7.

Marsh, Nicholas.2013.‘Database of Authorised Transfers of Small Arms and Light Weapons.’ NISAT Small Arms Trade Database.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,14 February. (Q16)Full Citation

8.

Pavesi, Irene and Christelle Rigual.2013.‘Annexes 8.2: Major Importers.’ Small Arms Survey 2013: Everyday Dangers.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,2 July. (Q8486)Full Citation

9.

Butchart, Alexander, Christopher Mikton and Etienne Krug.2014.‘Country Profile: Afghanistan.’ Global Status Report on Violence Prevention 2014.Geneva:World Health Organisation (WHO), United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and United Nations Development Programme (UNDP),10 December. (Q9632)Full Citation

10.

Sherman, Amy and Tom Ginsburg.2014.‘Gun Rights in National Constitutions.’ Marco Rubio Says Second Amendment Is Unique in Speech to NRA.Miami, FL:Miami Herald (PolitiFact Florida),29 April. (Q8507)Full Citation

11.

United Nations.1999.‘Analysis of Country Responses.’ United Nations International Study on Firearm Regulation.Vienna:UN Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Division,30 August. (Q1)Full Citation

12.

Karp, Aaron.2009.‘Summary of Disarmament Outcomes in 45 DDR Programmes.’ Small Arms Survey 2009: Shadows of War.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,9 July. (Q2941)Full Citation

13.

GDAV.2006.‘Geneva Declaration.’ Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development.Geneva:Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development Secretariat,7 June. (Q7162)Full Citation

14.

UNODA.2013.‘Towards Entry Into Force.’ Arms Trade Treaty.New York, NY:United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,2 April. (Q7226)Full Citation

15.

UNGA.2001.‘United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition.’ UN General Assembly Resolution 55/255.New York, NY:UN General Assembly,31 May. (Q17)Full Citation

16.

UNGA.2001.‘Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects.’ United Nations General Assembly.New York, NY:UN General Assembly,20 July. (Q18)Full Citation

17.

Cattaneo, Silvia and Sarah Parker.2008.‘Reporting, NPCs and NCAs, 2002 to 2008.’ Implementing the United Nations Programme of Action on Small Arms and Light Weapons: Analysis of the National Reports submitted by States from 2002 to 2008.Geneva:United Nations Development Programme,1 November. (Q20)Full Citation

18.

UNODA.2009.‘PoA-ISS Country Profiles.’ UN small arms Programme of Action (UNPoA) - Implementation Support System.New York, NY:United Nations Office of Disarmament Affairs,29 October. (Q1309)Full Citation

19.

UNODA.2011.‘National Reports on Small Arms Exports.’ United Nations Register of Conventional Arms - The Global Reported Arms Trade.New York, NY:United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,21 October. (Q14)Full Citation

20.

UN.2013.‘Member States of the United Nations.’ UN.org Web Site.New York, NY:United Nations General Assembly,7 April. (Q290)Full Citation

21.

Wassenaar Arrangement.1996.‘Introduction: Participating States.’ Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies.Vienna:Wassenaar Secretariat,12 July. (Q19)Full Citation