Citation(s) from the GunPolicy.org literature library
Norway. 2010. ‘Norway's Arms Exports - Controls.’ Armed Violence in Norway: Incidence and Responses, p. 36. Oslo: Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. 1 May.
Norway's Arms Exports - Controls
Norway's strategic export control regime is governed by the Act of 18 December 1987 No. 93 relating to control of the export of strategic goods, services and technology (Export Control Act). No goods, services or technology that may be of significance for another country's development, production or utilisation of products for military use, or that may directly serve to develop a country's military capability, or goods or technology that may be used to carry out terrorist acts, cf. section 147 a) of the Penal Code, may be exported without the permission of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
List I (weapons and military materiel) and List II (dual-use goods) specify the products and technology for which such permission is required. Control of technology also includes control of intangible transfers of technology.
The Act prohibits trading in, negotiating or otherwise assisting in the sale of weapons or military materiel from one foreign country to another without special permission. In addition, a licence is required for export of any goods, technology or services for military purposes to areas where there is a war or the threat of war, or to countries where there is a civil war, or to areas that are subject to an arms embargo adopted by the UN Security Council pursuant to Chapter VII of the UN Charter.
The regulations of 10 January 1989 laid down by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs provide further rules on the implementation of export control. These regulations include the requirement for a licence for the export of goods and appurtenant technology on List I (weapons and military materiel) and List II (dual-use goods).
A licence is also required for the export of certain technology, including intangible transfers of technology, technical data, production rights for goods, and certain services. A license requirement also applies to brokering of arms and military materiel between two third countries, as well as to brokering of dual-use goods under certain circumstances.
Furthermore, the regulations contain several catch-all provisions, as well as provisions concerning exemptions from the licensing requirement and provisions concerning revocation of licences and the authority of the Ministry to set conditions for granting licences.