Citation(s) from the GunPolicy.org literature library
FBI. 2013. ‘Crime in the United States / CIUS.’ Uniform Crime Reports / UCR; undated (annual). Washington, DC: US Federal Bureau of Investigation. 29 January.
FBI Crime Reports
In its annual publication 'Crime in the United States' (CIUS), the FBI publishes numbers and rates of criminal offences reported across the nation, the states, and for individual agencies.
- Violent crime
- Property crime
- Homicide (trends, rates and methods, including firearm-related crime)
- Disaggregation by age, gender, ethnicity, relationship and weapon
Annual CIUS reports are provided from 1995 to the most recent year.
[Editor's Note: The FBI compiles national totals of reported crimes of homicide, as submitted by thousands of law enforcement agencies (the justice sector). In parallel, and instead of counting criminal cases, the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) compiles national totals from death certificates filed with state health departments (the health sector). Historically, due to inaccurate reporting within the justice sector, FBI homicide totals have tended to be 9% lower than the number of people who die by fatal assault (Rokaw, Mercy and Smith, 1990).1
In addition, because many death certificates fail to specify the weapon used, NCHS data tables list high proportions of gun homicides in the 'Other' firearm category. For these reasons, GunPolicy.org cites NCHS data for top-level categories (Total Gun Deaths, Gun Homicides), but displays FBI data where these are disaggregated by weapon type (Handgun Homicides, Long Gun Homicides, and Gun Homicides (Other)).
While political and financial limitations on gun policy research in the United States persist, data credibility issues such as these are likely to remain.]