Citation(s) from the GunPolicy.org literature library
Brazil. 2008. ‘Ammunition - Marking.’ National Report of Brazil on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA) and the International Tracing Instrument, p. 3. New York: Permanent Mission of Brazil to the United Nations. 14 July.
The marking of ammunitions is regulated by the Ministerial Act No. 16D (issued by the Logistics Department – Ministry of Defense, December 28th 2004).
According to this legislation, all ammunition commercialized in Brazil, whether
manufactured nationally or abroad, must be placed in packages containing a bar code engraved (not stamped or glued) on the box, in order to enable the identification of the manufacturer, the purchaser, the product and the delivery lot. Besides, most of the ammunition (calibers .380, .38, .357, 9mm, .40, .45, 5,56mm, .30, 7,62mm, .50 and 12-gauge shotguns) purchased by public bodies must contain identification of the lot and of the acquirer on the butt of each round.
Manufacturers and importers are also required to create and maintain databases which are able to provide, at least, the traceability of the following information:
i. name of the purchaser;
ii. sale authorization issued by the Army;
iii. product code;
iv. ammunition description;
v. delivery lot;
vi. sale receipt (number, series, date and amount);
vii. transport authorization (number and date).
Such information must be made available at real time to the appropriate division of the Brazilian Army and must be kept for a period of ten years, at the end of which it should be transferred to the Army and the Federal Police Department.
The legislation also establishes close cooperation between the Army and the Federal Police Department regarding the traceability of seized ammunition and registration of imported ammunition.