Files from GunPolicy.org, along with some open access documents which seem to have lost their original homes on the Web
By Consensus, a Sprawling World Region Rejects Guns
Nations of Oceania have largely avoided, and at times even reversed the steady proliferation of firearms and death by gunshot. Philip Alpers, The Conversation, 26 February 2015.
Guns in Latin America and the Caribbean
In 27 countries across the Caribbean and Latin America, 53.5 million firearms are in the hands of civilians, while another 9.1 million are held by the state. In this report for the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime and Mexico's National Institute of Statistics and Geography, Aaron Karp counts the firearms in each country.
All Illegal Guns Came from a Lawful Owner
Targeting just “illegal guns” to curb the firearm death toll in South Africa is akin to focussing only on “illegal cars” to reduce the road toll.
The Big Melt - One Million Guns Destroyed
How One Democracy Changed After Scrapping a Third of Its Firearms
Australia's massive experiment in gun control saw a million firearms, or one third of the nation's private arsenal destroyed, then a million new, but different guns imported. Sixteen years after firearm laws were tightened, gun homicide remains 50-60% lower, and the nation has not seen another mass shooting.
Alpers, Philip. 2013. The Big Melt: How One Democracy Changed after Scrapping a Third of Its Firearms, In: Reducing Gun Violence in America: Informing Policy with Evidence and Analysis, edited by Daniel W Webster and Jon S Vernick. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
Australian Civilian Gun Imports, 1995-2012
Following a decade of mass shootings, dozens of state gun amnesties and a massive federal buyback of newly prohibited rapid-fire long guns, Australian arms dealers rushed to import more firearms. Many of these replaced guns recently destroyed. This table lists national firearm import totals provided by the Australian Customs and Border Protection Service for the 16 years which followed the Port Arthur gun massacre, from 1995/96 to 2011/12.
Philip Alpers. Sydney School of Public Health. 20 January 2013.
Australian Civilian Gun Imports, 1988-2012
In the 24 years from 1988 to 2012, Australians imported more than a million guns. Many of these replaced firearm types prohibited and destroyed during federal firearm buybacks, or surrendered in dozens of state gun amnesties. This table lists national firearm import totals provided by the Australian Bureau of Statistics for the years 1988/89 to 2011/12.
Philip Alpers. Sydney School of Public Health. 20 January 2013.
Gun Control in Australia - CNN OpEd
Change is Possible - and Fast
In Australia, one massacre turned the tide in favor of gun control. Nationwide gun law reform was announced just 12 days after the shootings. The risk of dying by gunshot in Australia quickly fell by more than 50% -- and stayed there.
Philip Alpers. Sydney School of Public Health. 10 January 2013.
Australian Firearm Amnesty
Buyback and Destruction Totals
From 1988 to 2012, Australia ran 38 state, territory and federal firearm amnesties for a minimum combined total of 3,062 weeks. From the reports in which numbers were published, a minimum of 948,388 firearms were surrendered to police for destruction. This table shows official tallies and media-reported numbers.
Philip Alpers. Sydney School of Public Health. 9 January 2013.
Where Do Australian Criminals Get Their Illegal Firearms?
For more than a decade, people whose job it is to seize and to trace crime guns have steadily contradicted the unsourced, evidence-free opinion that most illicit firearms are smuggled into the country.
Philip Alpers. Sydney School of Public Health. January 2010, with occasional updates.
Measurability and Implementation
Country-by-country comparions of marking, tracing, record-keeping and other norms
Meeting of Governmental Experts on the Implementation of the Programme of Action on small arms and light weapons (UNPoA MGE) at the United Nations in New York, 9-13 May 2011.
Marking, Tracing and Record-keeping
Reported Implementation to Date
Published United Nations small arms Programme of Action (UNPoA) and International Tracing Instrument (ITI) national reports, along with small arms legislation analysed from 73 UN Member States, provide preliminary marking and tracing implementation totals.
Counting Privately Owned Guns
In the hard copy version of the Small Arms Survey yearbook 'Guns and the City' (Cambridge University Press 2007), Aaron Karp's Chapter 2 'Completing the Count: Civilian firearms' contains several references to Annexes 1-5. In the printed version at page 67, readers are referred to 'Annexes Online' at a web link since broken. As the author's data tables in support of this chapter seem unavailable online, and in the interests of transparency, GunPolicy.org offers a compressed version of Appendices 1-5.
Guns Held By Armed Forces and Police
In the hard copy version of the Small Arms Survey yearbook 'Unfinished Business' (Oxford University Press 2006), Aaron Karp's Chapter 2 'Trickle and Torrent: State Stockpiles' contains several references to Appendix I and II. In the printed version at page 61, Endnote 1 reads: "Appendices 1 and 2 are available at http://www.smallarmssurvey.org/publications/yb_2006.htm"
For several years, Karp's appendices were not displayed at this URL. As at January 2013, Endnote 1 had also been removed from the online version of Chapter 2 displayed on the Small Arms Survey web site. In the interests of transparency, GunPolicy.org offers a compressed version of both Appendix I and II.
A Model Weapons Bill for Oceania
Since 1996, the sixteen member states of the Pacific Islands Forum have worked to develop a common regional approach to weapon control. For details, see Pacific Model Legislation. This download includes the PIF 2010 Revision of the Bill.
Community Interviews and a Guide to Small Arms in Papua New Guinea
Alpers, Philip. Background paper for Gun-running in Papua New Guinea: From Arrows to Assault Weapons in the Southern Highlands. Geneva: Small Arms Survey, Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies. June, 2005.
Global Gun Deaths
Unpublished, undated 'Global Gun Deaths' dataset prepared by the Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers (NISAT) for the Norwegian Church Aid report 'Who Takes The Bullet?: The impact of small arms violence' (2005).
In late 2008, NISAT advised that the 2005 dataset had not been updated since.
A Regional Assessment of Small Arms Control Initiatives in Eastern Eurasia
Bulgaria, Moldova, Romania, Turkey and Ukraine. Grillot, Suzette R. Monitoring the Implementation of Small Arms Controls Project (MISAC); Eurasia Series No. 2. London: International Alert. December, 2003.
Developing a Common Approach to Gun Control Legislation in Oceania
A precursor to the Draft Model Weapons Control Bill approved at the Pacific Islands Forum in August, 2003 as the basis for regional model small arms regulation. See also Pacific Model Legislation.
Small Arms Survey
There were an estimated 1,010-1,270 illegal high powered and commercial firearms in the Solomon Islands – considerably more than the 500-700 commonly reported.
Robert Muggah and Philip Alpers. Geneva: Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies. Working Paper, August 2003.
Yes, Americans are often shot—and so are many others
The public health community is crucial to any solution
If guns were discussed and regulated as matter-of-factly as other vectors of injury and disease, ideological barriers could be moved aside, much as they were in the prevention of HIV/AIDS.
Philip Alpers. Guest editorial. Injury Prevention 2002;8:262.
Firearm Registration and Gun Owner Licensing - The International Experience
California State Assembly
Select Committee on Gun Violence
Testimony of Philip Alpers. Glendale, California. 1 December, 1999.
Combat Shooting Targets the Olympics
Competition Rooted in Violent Fantasy Would Pollute Olympics, Legitimize Powerful Non-Sporting Weapons
Combat shooting is a rehearsal for urban warfare, and a violent distortion of traditional target shooting. Competitions are built around fantasy scenarios, with humanoid "bad guy" targets to be shot and similar "hostage" targets to be avoided. The Olympic movement is dedicated to non-violence, yet combat shooters seek acceptance for a 'shoot-to-kill' Olympic event.
Philip Alpers and Josh Sugarmann
Violence Policy Center. Washington DC, July 1999
"Harmless" .22 Calibre Rabbit Rifles Kill More People Than Any Other Type of Gun
Contrary to their popular image as low-powered "bunny guns," .22-calibre rifles are commonly used in multiple shootings. In seven mass killings involving .22 rifles in Australia and New Zealand alone, 54 people died by gunfire.
Philip Alpers. Auckland, 1 March 1998.
The Right to Keep Secret Guns
Registering Firearms to Reduce Gun Violence
A Report Commissioned by the New Zealand Police Association (Inc.)
Philip Alpers. Wellington, July 1997.
Eleven Years of Mass Gun Killings in Australia and New Zealand, 1987-97
New Zealand Mental Health Commission
A typical gun homicide is committed by a licensed male gun owner with no record of violent crime or mental illness, using a legal firearm to kill someone he knows well.
Philip Alpers. Wellington, June 1997.