Find Gun Policy Facts

Armed violence prevention, gun control laws and the small arms trade:


pdf Alpers Gun Deaths and Lawful Gun Owners

By 331 downloads

If Lawful Firearm Owners Cause Most Gun Deaths, What Can We Do?

In many, perhaps even most gun deaths in Australia, New Zealand, Europe and the United States, a lawful gun owner kills with a legal gun.

The Conversation, 7 October 2015

pdf Alpers Europe 16 Deadliest Mass Shootings 1987 2015

By 306 downloads

The Sixteen Deadliest Mass Shootings in Europe, 1987-2015

Of 239 victims shot dead, 86% were killed by a previously law-abiding, licensed gun owner, while 92% were shot with a lawfully owned firearm. All the perpetrators were men.

pdf Alpers Australia NZ Mass Shootings 1987 2015

By 301 downloads

Mass Gun Killings in Australia and New Zealand, 1987-2014

Of 126 victims shot dead, 55% were killed by a licensed gun owner. Most were shot by a killer with no previous history of violent crime or mental illness. All the perpetrators were men.

pdf Pacific Lives Up to Its Name with Disarming Success

By 1274 downloads

By Consensus, a Sprawling World Region
Rejects Guns

Nations of Oceania have largely avoided, and at times even reversed the steady proliferation of firearms and death by gunshot.

The Conversation, 26 February 2015 and Newsweek, 3 October 2015.

document Report to the UNODC-INEGI Center of Excellence

By 865 downloads

Guns in Latin America and the Caribbean

In 27 countries across the Caribbean and Latin America, 53.5 million firearms are in the hands of civilians, while another 9.1 million are held by the state.

In this report for the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime and Mexico's National Institute of Statistics and Geography, Aaron Karp counts the firearms in each country.

pdf Targeting Only 'Illegal Guns' Won't Stop Gun Injury

By 1317 downloads

All Illegal Guns Came from a Lawful Owner

Targeting just “illegal guns” to curb the firearm death toll in South Africa is akin to focussing only on “illegal cars” to reduce the road toll.

The Star (Johannesburg/Gauteng); The Mercury (Durban); Pretoria News; IOL News/Independent Online
South Africa, 14 November 2014

pdf Krouse CRS USA Gun Control Legislation

By 8 downloads

Law, Number

pdf Gun Control in Australia. In: Reducing Gun Violence in America

By 2103 downloads

The Big Melt - One Million Guns Destroyed

How One Democracy Changed After
Scrapping a Third of Its Firearms

Australia's massive experiment in gun control saw a million firearms, or one third of the nation's private arsenal destroyed, then a million new, but different guns imported. Sixteen years after firearm laws were tightened, gun homicide remains 50-60% lower, and the nation has not seen another mass shooting.

Alpers, Philip. 2013. The Big Melt: How One Democracy Changed after Scrapping a Third of Its Firearms
In: Reducing Gun Violence in America: Informing Policy with Evidence and Analysis, edited by
Daniel W Webster and Jon S Vernick. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.

pdf Australia - Firearm Imports 1995-2012 (Customs)

By 1875 downloads

Australian Civilian Gun Imports, 1995-2012

Following a decade of mass shootings, dozens of state gun amnesties and a massive federal buyback and destruction of newly prohibited rapid-fire long guns, Australian arms dealers rushed to import more firearms. Many of these replaced guns destroyed in the buy-back.

This table lists national firearm import totals provided by the Australian Customs and Border Protection Service for the 16 years which followed the Port Arthur gun massacre, from 1995/96 to 2011/12.

pdf Australia - Firearm Imports 1988-2012 (ABS)

By 1984 downloads

Australian Civilian Gun Imports, 1988-2012

In the 24 years from 1988 to 2012, Australians imported more than a million guns. Many of these replaced firearm types prohibited and destroyed
during federal firearm buybacks, or surrendered in dozens of state gun amnesties.

This table lists national firearm import totals provided by the Australian Bureau of Statistics for the years 1988/89 to 2011/12.

pdf Gun Control in Australia - Change is Possible, and Fast

By 1807 downloads

Gun Control in Australia - CNN OpEd

Change is Possible - and Fast

In Australia, one massacre turned the tide in favor of gun control. Nationwide gun law reform was announced just 12 days after the shootings. The risk of dying by gunshot in Australia quickly fell by more than 50% -- and stayed there.

CNN, 17 December 2012

pdf Australia - Firearm Amnesty Buyback and Destruction Totals

By 2889 downloads

Australian Firearm Amnesty

Buyback and Destruction Totals

From 1988 to 2012, Australia ran 38 state, territory and federal firearm amnesties for a minimum combined total of 3,062 weeks. From the reports in which numbers were published, a minimum of 948,388 firearms were surrendered to police for destruction.

This table shows official tallies and media-reported numbers.

pdf Australia - Firearm Smuggling and the Origin of Crime Guns

By 2573 downloads

Where Do Australian Criminals Get Their Illegal Firearms?

For more than a decade, people whose job it is to seize and to trace crime guns have steadily contradicted the unsourced, evidence-free opinion that most illicit firearms are smuggled into the country.

January 2010, with periodic updates

document UN MGE Measurability and Implementation

By 2468 downloads

Measurability and Implementation

Country-by-country comparions of marking, tracing, record-keeping and other norms

Meeting of Governmental Experts on the Implementation of the Programme of Action on small arms and light weapons (UNPoA MGE) at the United Nations in New York, 9-13 May 2011.

document UN MGE MTR Reported Implementation

By 2453 downloads

Marking, Tracing and Record-keeping

Reported Implementation to Date

Published United Nations small arms Programme of Action (UNPoA) and International Tracing Instrument (ITI) national reports, along with small arms legislation analysed from 73 UN Member States, provide preliminary marking and tracing implementation totals.

spreadsheet Global Civilian Small Arms Stockpiles

By 1449 downloads

Counting Privately Owned Guns

In the hard copy version of the Small Arms Survey yearbook 'Guns and the City' (Cambridge University Press 2007), Aaron Karp's Chapter 2 'Completing the Count: Civilian firearms' contains several references to Annexes 1-5. In the printed version at page 67, readers are referred to 'Annexes Online' at a web link since broken. As the author's data tables in support of this chapter seem unavailable online, and in the interests of transparency, offers a compressed version of Appendices 1-5.

spreadsheet Global Military and Law Enforcement Firearm Stockpiles

By 1239 downloads

Guns Held By Armed Forces and Police

In the hard copy version of the Small Arms Survey yearbook 'Unfinished Business' (Oxford University Press 2006), Aaron Karp's Chapter 2 'Trickle and Torrent: State Stockpiles' contains several references to Appendix I and II. In the printed version at page 61, Endnote 1 reads: Appendices 1 and 2 are available at

For several years, Karp's appendices were not displayed at this URL. As at January 2013, Endnote 1 had also been removed from the online version of Chapter 2 displayed on the Small Arms Survey web site. In the interests of transparency, offers a compressed version of both Appendix I and II.

pdf Pacific Islands Forum Nadi Weapons Control Bill and Notes

By 2769 downloads

A Model Weapons Bill for Oceania

Since 1996, the sixteen member states of the Pacific Islands Forum have worked to develop a common regional approach to weapon control.
For details, see Pacific Model Legislation.
This download includes the PIF 2010 Revision of the Bill.

pdf Gun Violence, Crime and Politics in the Southern Highlands

By 2964 downloads

Community Interviews and a Guide to Small Arms in Papua New Guinea

Alpers, Philip. Background paper for Gun-running in Papua New Guinea: From Arrows to Assault Weapons in the Southern Highlands.

Geneva: Small Arms Survey, Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies. June, 2005.

spreadsheet NISAT Firearm Mortality Database 2005

By 1093 downloads

Global Gun Deaths

Unpublished, undated 'Global Gun Deaths' dataset prepared by the Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers (NISAT) for the Norwegian Church Aid
report 'Who Takes The Bullet?: The impact of small arms violence' (2005).

In late 2008, NISAT advised that the 2005 dataset had not been updated since.