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Armed violence prevention, gun control laws and the small arms trade:


Image Australian Gun Laws

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Australian Gun Laws

Australian Gun Laws

By Philip Alpers

In: The Palgrave Handbook of Australian and New Zealand Criminology, Crime and Justice (Springer); Antje Deckert and Rick Sarre, Eds.

This chapter shows how and why Australian firearm legislation altered very little for 65 years, but changed dramatically in 12 days. It explains the ‘perfect storm’ of horror, outrage, law and leadership which forced policy reversal, and details the lightning legislative adjustments now held up as global good practice. In addition, and with 20 years of research and hindsight, it describes the attitude adjustment which enabled effective enforcement of gun laws, and the notable improvements to public health and safety which followed, perhaps as a result.

Publisher's Web Page

pdf Implementing the Arms Trade Treaty and the UNPoA: A Guide to Coordinating an Effective Arms Control System

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Implementing the Arms Trade Treaty and the
UN Small Arms Programme of Action: A Guide to
Coordinating an Effective Arms Control System

By Laura Spano and Philip Alpers

The Centre for Armed Violence Reduction (CAVR) focuses on preventing the flow of illicit conventional arms. This is the second edition of our Implementation Guide for the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) and the UN Small Arms Programme of Action (UNPoA). Launched at the United Nations in New York, the Guide is used around the world at international meetings and distributed to government officials. Our aim is to help governments develop an effective interagency coordinating mechanism, to adopt the Arms Trade Treaty and to speed implementation of the UNPoA.

pdf Firearm Legislation in Australia 21 Years After the National Firearms Agreement

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Firearm Legislation in Australia 21 Years
After the National Firearms Agreement

By Philip Alpers and Amélie Rossetti

Four consecutive formal reports have now found that no Australian State or Territory has at any stage fully complied with the 1996 or 2002 firearm resolutions which collectively formed the National Firearms Agreement. In important areas, State and Territory legislation has been blocked or revised to dilute the effect of the NFA. This report, commissioned and funded by Gun Control Australia, finds that on balance, both non-compliance from day one and two decades of political pressure have steadily reduced restrictions and undermined the NFA’s original intent.

pdf Reinvigorating the Narrative: The Broader Benefits of the Arms Trade Treaty

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Reinvigorating the Narrative:
The Broader Benefits of the Arms Trade Treaty

By Laura Spano and Philip Alpers

The Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) is often misrepresented—by some, mistrusted. Facts and answers can be found in a variety of sources, but until now the treaty lacked a compendium.

Here, the Centre for Armed Violence Reduction and the Government of Australia cover the full breadth of advantages offered by the ATT, along with an accessible description of how it works in a single, thoroughly referenced source.

Preview booklets are available in Spanish, French and English

pdf Alpers Australia SSAA Finances

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Australian Gun Laws May Seed Their Own Destruction

In a public safety consequence loaded with irony, state laws now guarantee a multi-million-dollar annual income stream to Australia's pro-gun lobby, the Sporting Shooters’ Association of Australia (SSAA).

pdf Australia - Firearm Smuggling and the Origin of Crime Guns

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Where Do Australian Criminals Get Their Illegal Firearms?

For more than a decade, authorities whose job it is to seize and to trace crime guns have steadily contradicted the unsourced, evidence-free opinion that most illicit firearms are smuggled into the country.

Periodically updated since January 2010

pdf CrimTrac Firearm Figures Lack Credibility

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Latest Government Gun Figures Lack Credibility

Newly released gun owner licensing and firearm registration data from CrimTrac could be misleading, and require explanation.

pdf South Sudan Firearms Bill 2016

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South Sudan Firearms Bill 2016

Includes firearm registration, gun owner licensing, safe storage, armed security guards, hunting and sport shooting. Unofficial translation from the Small Arms Survey, Geneva.

As of April 2016, no date had been set for parliamentary review.

pdf Chapman Alpers Jones JAMA Australia Gun Law Reforms and Gun Deaths

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Australia 20 Years After Gun Reform

No mass shootings, declining firearm deaths - JAMA

In the 18 years before Australia banned semi-automatic long guns there were 13 mass shootings. In the 20 years following the ban no mass shootings occurred, and the decline in total firearm deaths accelerated.

Banning rapid-fire firearms was associated with reductions in mass shootings and total firearm deaths.

Journal of the American Medical Association - Chapman, Alpers and Jones (2016)

pdf Australia - Firearm Amnesty Buyback and Destruction Totals

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Australian Firearm Amnesty

Buyback and Destruction Totals

From 1988 to 2015, Australia ran 41 state, territory and federal firearm amnesties for a combined total of 3,274 weeks. From the reports in which numbers were published, a minimum of 1,121,577 firearms were surrendered to police for destruction. For an additional 44 months, collection figures are unknown.

This table shows official tallies and reported numbers.

pdf Alpers Australia Gun Imports Climb - The Conversation.pdf

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Australia's Gun Numbers Climb

Men who own several buy more than ever before

For the first time in 20 years, Australia's national arsenal of private guns is larger than it was before the Port Arthur massacre.

pdf Australia - Firearm Imports 1995-2015 (Customs)

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Australian Civilian Gun Imports, 1995-2015 (Customs)

Following a decade of mass shootings, dozens of state gun amnesties and
a massive federal buyback and destruction of newly prohibited rapid-fire
long guns, Australian arms dealers rushed to import more firearms.
Many of these replaced guns destroyed in the buy-back.

This table lists national firearm import totals provided by the Australian
Customs and Border Protection Service for the 19 years which followed
the Port Arthur gun massacre, from 1995/96 to 2014/15.

pdf Australia - Firearm Imports 1988-2015 (ABS)

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Australian Civilian Gun Imports, 1988-2015 (ABS)

In the 27 years from 1988 to 2015, Australians imported more than a million guns. Many of these replaced firearm types prohibited and destroyed during
federal firearm buybacks, or surrendered in dozens of state gun amnesties.

This table lists national firearm import totals provided by the Australian
Bureau of Statistics for the years 1988/89 to 2014/15.

pdf Alpers ANU Policy Forum A Disarming Lesson from the Pacific

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A Disarming Lesson from the Pacific

Australia is often held up as an example in US gun control debates, but America might learn more from a close look at Pacific Island nations.

Policy Forum, Asia & The Pacific Policy Society, Australian National University, 29 January 2016
Republished in The Age, Canberra Times, Sydney Morning Herald, Brisbane Times, WA Today

pdf Alpers Washington Post America Has Lost Control of Guns

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America Has Lost Control of its Gun Infestation, Plague of Armed Violence

Similar countries have saved lives by reducing the availability of firearms. Now the world leader in public health interventions has little option but to bite the bullet and to curb gun deaths by following the evidence.

Washington Post, 10 December 2015

pdf Alpers Gun Deaths and Lawful Gun Owners

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If Lawful Firearm Owners Cause Most Gun Deaths, What Can We Do?

In many, perhaps even most gun deaths in Australia, New Zealand, Europe and the United States, a lawful gun owner kills with a legal gun.

The Conversation, 7 October 2015

pdf Alpers Europe Deadliest Non-Terrorist Mass Shootings 1987 2015

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The Deadliest Non-Terrorist Mass Shootings in Europe, 1987-2015

Of 227 victims shot dead, 90% were killed by a previously law-abiding, licensed gun owner, while 97% were shot with a lawfully owned firearm. All the perpetrators were men.

pdf Alpers Australia NZ Mass Shootings 1987-2015

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Mass Gun Killings in Australia and New Zealand, 1987-2015

Of 130 victims shot dead, 56% were killed by a licensed gun owner. Most were shot by a killer with no previous history of violent crime or mental illness. All the perpetrators were men.

pdf Pacific Lives Up to Its Name with Disarming Success

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By Consensus, a Sprawling World Region
Rejects Guns

Nations of Oceania have largely avoided, and at times even reversed the steady proliferation of firearms and death by gunshot.

The Conversation, 27 February 2015 and Newsweek, 10 March 2015.

pdf Targeting Only 'Illegal Guns' Won't Stop Gun Injury

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All Illegal Guns Came from a Lawful Owner

Targeting just “illegal guns” to curb the firearm death toll in South Africa is akin to focussing only on “illegal cars” to reduce the road toll.

The Star (Johannesburg/Gauteng); The Mercury (Durban); Pretoria News; IOL News/Independent Online
South Africa, 14 November 2014